Take Your Creed from The Book (Qur’aan) and The Authenticated Sunnah
By Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Jameel Zaynoo


Fundamentals of the Islaamic Creed. This article is set up in a question and answer format for clear explanations.

The Muslims will be helped when they return to the implementation of the Book of their Lord, and the Sunnah of their Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), and when they take to the propagation of Tawheed, and when they warn against shirk in opposition to its manifestations, and when they defend against their enemies with whatever is feasible from strength.

SECTION 1 – THE RIGHT OF ALLAAH UPON HIS SLAVES.

Q1. Why did Allaah create us?


A1. He created us for his worship, and not to associate anything with Him. And the proof is the Statement of Allaah the Exalted:

He created us for his worship, and not to associate anything with Him. And the proof is the Statement of Allaah the Exalted:

And I did not create the Jinn or mankind except to worship Me.” [Sooratudh Dhaariyaat]

And the statement of the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “The right of Allaah upon His slaves is that they worship Him, and that they do not associate anything with Him.” [Agreed Upon]


Q2. What is worship?

A2. Worship is the comprehensive name of everything Allaah loves, from sayings and actions such as supplication, prayer, and slaughtering, and other than these. Allaah says:

Say: verily my prayer, and my sacrifice, and my living, and my dying are for Allaah the Lord of all the worlds.” [Sooratul An'aam][note: 'my sacrifice' means: slaughtering animals for Allaah]

And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allaah said, ‘And the thing that brings my slave closer to Me with something beloved to me is that which I have obligated upon him.’” [a Hadeeth Qudsee, related by Bukhaaree]


Q3. How do we worship Allaah?

 


A3. As Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) have commanded us. Allaah the Exalted said:


As Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) have commanded us. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O you who believe, obey Allaah, and obey the Messenger, and do not invalidate your actions.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever performs an action not in accordance with our command, then it is rejected.” [Muslim]


Q4. Do we worship Allaah with fear and hope?


A4. Yes, we worship Him like that. Allaah says in praise of the Believers:

 

“They call on their Lord with fear and hope.” [Sooratus Sajdah]


And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “I ask Allaah for Paradise, and I seek refuge with Him from the Fire.” [Abu Daawood, authentic]


Q5. What is ihsaan in worship?


A5. Ihsaan is contemplating deeply on Allaah in worship. Allaah the Exalted said:


“The One who sees you when you stand, and who changes you in the two prostrations.” [Sooratush Shu'araa]


And the Prophet(sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Ihsaan is that you worship Allaah as though you see Him, so even though you cannot see Him, verily He sees you.” [Muslim]


The Types of Tawheed and Their Benefits

Q6. Why did Allaah send messengers?


A6. He sent them to call the people to His worship, and to negate partners from Him. Allaah says:

And verily We sent to every nation a messenger so that they worship Allaah, and avoid Taaghoot.“[Taaghoot: A satan calling to the worship of anything other than Allaah.]

And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “…and the prophets are brothers…and their religion is one.” [The hadeeth is agreed upon.]


Q7. What is Tawheedur Ruboobiyyah?


A7. It’s Tawheed is in regards to actions such as creating and managing [all of creation] and other than these two things. Allaah said:

 

All praise is due to Allaah, the Lord of all the worlds.” [Sooratul Faatihah]

And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “You [Allaah] are the lord of the heavens and the earth.” [Agreed Upon]


Q8. What is Tawheedul Uloohiyyah?


A8. It is singling Allaah out in all acts of worship such as supplication, and sacrifice, and taking oaths. Allaah the Exalted says:

 

And you God is one God. There is no true diety except Him. The Most Merciful,[ar-Rahmaan] The Bestower of Mercy [ar-Raheem].

And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “So let the first thing you call them to be the testification that there is no true deity except Allaah.” [Agreed Upon]

And in the narration of Bukhaaree: “To the assertion of the oneness of Allaah.”


Q9. What is the Tawheed of the attributes of Allaah and His Names?


A9. It is to affirm what Allaah describes Himself with in His Book, or what His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) describes for Him in authentic hadeeths, or their real meanings. Without ta’weel [figurative interpretation], tafweedh [affirming the written word without a meaning], and without tamtheel [resembling Allaah to His creation], and without ta’ateel [denial]. This is for Attributes such as Istiwaa [ascension], and Allaah’s descension, and the Hand, and other than those for what is befitting His Perfection. Allaah says:

 

There is nothing like Him, and He is All-Seeing, All-Hearing.” [Sooratush Shooraah]

And the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allaah descends at every night to the lowest part of the Heavens.” [Muslim]

Allaah descends a descent befitting His Glory, not resembling anything of His creation.


Q10. Where is Allaah?


A10. Allaah is above His Throne, which is above the sky. Allaah the Exalted says:

 

The Bestower of Mercy rose above the Throne.” [Sooratut Taa-Haa]

This means He ascended and rose above. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Verily Allaah wrote a book…so it is with Him above the Throne.” [Agreed Upon]


Q11. Is Allaah with us?

 

A11. Allaah is with us in His Hearing, and His Seeing, and His Knowledge. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

Say: Do not be afraid, verily I am with you both, I hear and I see.” [Sooratut Taa-Haa]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing. near, and He is with you. (Meaning: in His knowledge.)


Q12. What is the benefit of Tawheed?


A12. The benefit of Tawheed is having faith in the Hereafter, the punishment and the reward, whilst in this world, and the rejection of sins. Allaah the Exalted said:


Those who believe and do not mix their faith with Dhulm, these are the ones for whom there is faith, and they are rightly guided.” [Sooratul An'aam][Dhulm - to associate partners with Allaah.]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The right of the slaves upon Allaah is that He does not punish the ones who do not associate anything with Him.” [Agreed Upon]


The Conditions For The Acceptance of Actions:


Q13. What are the conditions for the acceptance of actions?

 

A13. The conditions for the acceptance of actions with Allaah are three:

 

1. Faith in Allaah and His Oneness. Allaah says:

Verily those who believe and do righteous deeds, for them are Gardens of Paradise as a final abode.” [Sooratul Kahf]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Say: I believe in Allaah, so I am steadfast.” [Muslim]

2. Al-Ikhlaas – and it is performing deeds of worship for Allaah without obstinancy and arrogance. Allaah the Exalted says:

So worship Allaah, purifying the religion for Him.” [Sooratuz Zumar]

3. Stopping at what the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) came with. Allaah the Exalted says:

And whatever the Messenger gives you, then take it, and whatever he prohibits for you, then refrain.” [Sooratul Hashr]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever performs an action not in accordance with our affair, then it is rejected. [Muslim]


SECTION 2 – SHIRK.


Q1.
What is the worst crime according to Allaah?


A1. The worst crime is to associate partners with Allaah, and the proof is the statement of Allaah the Exalted:

O my son! Do not associate partners with Allaah. Verily shirk is the worst type of oppression.” [Sooratul Luqmaan]

When the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) was asked: ‘Which of the sins is the worst?’ He said: “That you appoint for Allaah an associate while He is your Creator.” [Agreed Upon]


Q2. What is the greater shirk?

 

A2. The greater shirk is to direct worship to other than Allaah, or to seek help from the dead, or the living who are absent. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

And worship Allaah, and do not associate anything with Him.” [Sooratun Nisaa]

His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “From the worst of all matters is Shirk with Allaah.” [Bukhaaree]


Q3. Is shirk present in this Ummah?


A3. Yes it is present, and the proof is the statement of Allaah the Exalted:

 

And most of them do not believe in Allaah, except that they are associators with Allaah.” [Soorah Yoosuf]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The Hour will not come until tribes from my nation (Muslims) overtake the idolators, and until they too worship idols. [Tirmidthee, authentic]


Q4. What is the Islaamic ruling upon supplicating to the dead or absent?


A4. Supplicating to the dead or absent is from greater shirk. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

Do not call upon other than Allaah, it is of no avail for you, and do not harm yourself, for verily you will if you are from amongst the oppressors.” (meaning: idolaters) [Soorah Yoonus]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever dies and he is calling upon other than Allaah as an equal, then he enters the Fire.” [Bukhaaree]


Q5. Is supplication worship?


A5. Yes supplication is worship. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

And your Lord says: Call upon me, I will accept from you. Verily those who are two proud for my worship, I will enter them into Hell despised.” [Sooratul Ghaafir]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Supplication is worship.” [Ahmad, and Tirmidthee who said it is a good authentic narration]


Q6. Do the dead hear supplications?


A6. They do not hear. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

Verily your dead do not hear.“[Sooratun Naml]

And you are not heard by those in the graves.” [Sooratul Faatir]

Q7. Are we allowed to seek aid from the dead or absent?


A7. You are not allowed to seek aid from them. Allaah the Exalted said:

And those who call upon other than Allaah create nothing, and they are themsleves created. Dead, not living, and they do not know when they will be ressurected.” [Sooratun Nahl]

If you seek aid from your Lord, He will accept your plea.” [Sooratul Anfaal]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “O Ever-Living, the Eternal! Aid me with your Mercy.” [Tirmidthee, good]


Q8. Is it permissible to ask for help from other than Allaah?


A8. It is not permissible, and the proof is the Statement of Allaah:

 

Only You do we worship, and only You do we ask for help.” [Sooratul Faatihah]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “If you ask, ask of Allaah, and if you seek help, then seek the help of Allaah.” [Tirmidthee, good and authentic]


Q9. Can we seek help with the living?


A9. Yes, but only in that which they have the ability to do. Allaah the Exalted says:

 

And cooperate upon piety and righteousness.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allaah helps the slave in that which the slave helps his brother.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q10. Is it permissible to swear by other than Allaah?


A10. It is not permissible to swear, except by Allaah, for Allaah said:

 

By the Lord of my father, my souls is set free.” [Soorah Aali 'Imraan]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever swears that he will obey Allaah, then let him obey Him, and whoever swears that he will disobey Allaah, then let him not disobey Him.” [Saheehul Bukhaaree]


Q11. Is it permissible to sacrifice for other than Allaah?


A11. It is not permissible, and the proof is the Statement of Allaah:


“So pray to your Lord, and sacrifice.” [Sooratul Kawthar] {sacrifice: to slaughter for the sake of Allaah}


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The curse of Allaah is upon whoever sacrifices for other than Him.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q12. Can we circumambulate around other than the ka’abah for the purpose of getting closer to Allaah?


A12. We do not circumambulate, except around the ka’abah. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

“And let them circumambulate around the Ancient House.” [Sooratul Hajj]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: Whoever circumambulates around the House seven times, and prays two units, it is as if he has freed a neck.” [Ibn Maajah, authentic]


Q13. What is the ruling on magic?

 

A13. Magic is from disbelief. Allaah the Exalted said:


“But the satans committed disbelief by teaching the people magic.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Avoid seven grave offenses: associating partners with Allaah, and magic…” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q14. Can we trust the fortuneteller, and the soothsayer regarding the knowledge of the Unseen?


A14. We do not trust them because of the knowledge of Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: no one knows what is in the Heavens and the earth except Allaah.” [Sooratun Naml]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever comes to a fortunereller or a soothsayer, then trusts him in what is said, then verily he disbelieves in what was revealed to Muhammad.” [Ahmad, authentic]


Q15. Does anyone know the Unseen?


A15. No one knows the Unseen except those who are shown by Allaah, like the messengers. Allaah the Exalted said:


“Knower of the Unseen, so He does not disclose the Unseen to anyone.” [Sooratul Jinn]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “No one knows the Unseen except Allaah.” [Tirmidthee, good]


Q16. Can we wear a thread or a ring for the purpose of intercession?


A16. Do not wear these. Allaah the Exalted said:


“And keep to Allaah in the face of harm, for none can remove it from you except Him.” [Sooratul An'aam]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “As for this, it does not increase you except in weakness. Distance it from yourself, for verily the one who uses it will never succeed.” [Related by al-Haakim, authenticated and affirmed by adh-Dhahabee.]


Q17. Can one rely upon beads and seashells, and their like (for worship)?


A17. We cannot rely upon them for anything. Allaah the Exalted says:


“And keep to Allaah in the face of harm, for none can remove it from you except Him.” [Sooratul An'aam]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever relies upon an amulet, then he has indeed associated partners with Allaah.” [Related by Ahmad, authentic][Amulet: beads or seashells relied upon for anything.]


Q18. What is the ruling on working with the authorities who oppose Islaam?


A18. Working with the authorities who oppose Islaam is disbelief if he permits it, or believes in its correctness. Allaah the Exalted said:


“And whoever does not judge by what Allaah revealed, these are the disbelievers.” [Sooratul Maa`idah]


The Prophet(sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “There are no leaders of a people who do not judge by the Book of Allaah, and see it as being better than what Allaah revealed, except that Allaah places an evil between them.” [good, Related by Ibn Maajah and other than him]


Q19. How do we refute the question of the devil, ‘Who created Allaah’?


A19. If the devil whispers this question to any of you, then seek refuge with Allaah. Allaah the Exalted says:


“And if you are insinuated with the insinuations of Satan, then seek refuge with Allaah. Verily He is the All-Hearing, All-Knowing.” [Sooratul Fussilat]


The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) taught us to refute the deceptions of Satan by saying: ‘I believe in Allaah and His messenger. Allaah is One, Allaah is the Ever-Living. He does not beget, nor is He begotten, and no one is a co-equal to Him.’

Then let him spit towards his left three times and seek Allaah’s refuge against Satan. So verily it will leave him. [These are excerpts from authentic hadeeths mentioned in Bukhaaree, Muslim, Ahmad, and Abu Daawood]


Q20. What is the harm of greater shirk?


A20. Greater shirk is a reason for abiding in the Fire. Allaah the Exalted said:


“Whoever associates partners with Allaah, indeed Allaah has forbidden paradise for him. His accomodation will be in the Fire, and the transgressors do not have any helpers.”


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever meets Allaah while associating anything with Him, he enters the Fire.”


Q21. Do good deeds benefit the one who is committing shirk?


A21. No actions benefit the one who associates partners with Allaah. Allaah the Exalted says:


“If you associate partners with Allaah, nothing you do will be of benefit to you.”


The Prophet said: “Allaah the Exalted said: ‘I am far above the association of the associators who perform deeds in which (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) they associate partners along with Me. They are left to their association. [Muslim]


SECTION 3 – THE LESSER SHIRK:


Q1. What is lesser shirk?


A1. Lesser shirk is showing off [riyaa']. Allaah the Exalted says:


“So whoever wishes to meet his Lord, then let him perform righteous deeds, and not associate anyone in the worship of his Lord.” [Sooratul Kahf]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Verily what I fear for you most is lesser shirk: showing off.” [Related by Ahmad, authentic]


From lesser shirk is the statement of a man, ‘If it were not for Allaah, and for so and so.’ or ‘What Allaah wishes, and what you wish.’


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do not say, ‘What Allaah wishes and what so and so wishes.’, rather say: Whatever Allaah wishes, then what so and so wishes.” [Related by Abu Daawood, authentic]


Q2. Is it permissible to take an oath by other than Allaah?


A2. It is not permissible to take an oath by other than Allaah. Allaah the Exalted says:


It is not permissible to take an oath by other than Allaah. Allaah the Exalted says:


“Yes, by my Lord you will surely be ressurected.” [Sooratut Taghaabun]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever takes an oath by other than Allaah, then he has indeed associated partners.” [Related by Ahmad, authentic]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever wishes to take an oath, then let him take an oath by Allaah, or be disgraced.” [Agreed Upon]


SECTION 4 – SEEKING A MEANS OF NEARNESS TO ALLAAH [tawassul] AND REQUESTING INTERCESSION

[tawassul] AND REQUESTING INTERCESSION


Q1. With what do we seek a means of nearness to Allaah?


A1. Tawassul can be permissible or prohibited:

    • The permissible and beseechable tawassul is the tawassul by the Names of Allaah and His Attributes, and by righteous actions. Allaah the Exalted said: “And Allaah has beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them.” [Sooratul A'araaf] Allaah the Exalted also says: “O you who believe, fear Allaah, and seek a means of approach to Him.” [Sooratul Maa'idah] [That is, to draw near to Him by obedience, and to do what pleases Him - mentioned by Ibn Katheer as a quote from Qataadah.] The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “I ask You by every name You have…” [Related by Ahmad, authentic] The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to the companion who asked his comapny in paradise: “Pre-occupy yourself with many prostrations.” [That is, prayer since it is from the righteous actions.] [Muslim] It is permissible to seek a means of nearness to Allaah with our love. This is the love for Allaah, for His Messenger, and His close allies. Likewise, there is the story of the people of the cave who sought a means of nearness to Allaah by their righteous actions, so Allaah freed them.
    • Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]
    • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]
  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]
  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]

The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

  • Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]
  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

  • As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:

As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.


As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

The permissible and beseechable tawassul is the tawassul by the Names of Allaah and His Attributes, and by righteous actions. Allaah the Exalted said: “And Allaah has beautiful Names, so call upon Him by them.” [Sooratul A'araaf] Allaah the Exalted also says: “O you who believe, fear Allaah, and seek a means of approach to Him.” [Sooratul Maa'idah] [That is, to draw near to Him by obedience, and to do what pleases Him - mentioned by Ibn Katheer as a quote from Qataadah.] The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “I ask You by every name You have…” [Related by Ahmad, authentic] The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said to the companion who asked his comapny in paradise: “Pre-occupy yourself with many prostrations.” [That is, prayer since it is from the righteous actions.] [Muslim] It is permissible to seek a means of nearness to Allaah with our love. This is the love for Allaah, for His Messenger, and His close allies. Likewise, there is the story of the people of the cave who sought a means of nearness to Allaah by their righteous actions, so Allaah freed them.
Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]

As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.

If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?


A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:

 

“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?

 

A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters.

Prohibited tawassul – it is calling upon the dead and requesting ones needs from them, as is the reality today. This is greater shirk due to the statement of Allaah: “And do not call upon other than Allaah those who cannot benefit you. And do not harm yourself, but if you do, then you will be from amongst the oppressors.” [That is, from the polytheists.] [Soorah Yoonus]

As for tawassul by the rank of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam), such as ones statement: ‘O Lord, cure me by the rank of Muhammad.’, then this is an innovation because the Companions never did it. Rather ‘Umar (r) sought a means of nearness to Allaah by the supplication of Al-’Abbaas while the latter was alive. One cannot seek a means of nearness by the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) after his death, this is a means which – if utilized – is shirk. If one believes that Allaah is in need of a human intermediary like a leader or a ruler, then he has likened the Creator to His creation.


If one wants an increase in knowledge about this topic – along with details and proofs – then he should refer to the book, ‘Tawassul – Its Rulings and Its Types’ by Shaykh Al Albaanee.


Q2. Is there a need for a human intermediary in supplication?

 

A2. There is no need for a human intermediary in supplication due to the statement of Allaah:


“And if My slave ask you about Me, then verily I am near.” [Sooratul Baqarah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “Verily you are calling upon one who is All-Hearing, near, and He is with you.” [Muslim]


Q3. Is it permissible to request the living for supplication?


A3. It is permissible to request the living for supplication, but not the dead. Allaah the Exalted said: “Ask forgiveness for your sins, and for those of the believing men and women.” [Sooratul Muhammad]

 

There occurs in an authentic hadeeth in Tirmidthee: “Indeed a blind man came to the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) and said: ‘Ask Allaah to cure me…’”


Q4. What was the purpose of the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A4. The purpose of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) was to convey the message. Allaah the Exalted said:


“O prophet convey what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul Maa'idah]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “O Allaah bear witness.” The Companions answered by saying, “We bear witness that you have indeed conveyed it.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q5. From who do we request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam)?


A5. We request the intercession of the Messenger (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) from Allaah the Exalted:


“Say: for Allaah is all intercession.” [Sooratuz Zumar]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) taught his Companions to say: ‘O Allaah, allow his intercession for me.’ [Tirmidthee, a good authentic hadeeth]


The Prophet (Sallallaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam) said: “My supplication for intercession on the Day of Judgement for whoever dies from this ummah and he is not associating anything with Allaah has been hidden.” [Saheeh Muslim]


Q6. Can we request intercession from the living?


A6. We request intercession from the living in worldly matters. Allaah the Exalted said:


“Whoever intercedes a good intercession, there is a portion of it for him. And whoever intercedes a sinful intercession, there is the responsibility of it for him.” [That is, a portion of its burden.] [Sooratun Nisaa]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Intercede, you will be rewarded.” [Abu Daawood, authentic]


Q7. Do we go to excess upon praise of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)?


A7. We do not go to excess in his praise. Allaah the Exalted said:


“Say: I am only a human being like yourselves, except that it has been revealed to me that your god is one God.” [Sooratul Kahf]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do not praise me as the Christians and the Jews praised the Jesus the son of Mary. Verily I am only a slave. So say: the slave of Allaah and His Messenger.” [Saheehul Bukhaaree] [Praise: it is exaggeration in praise.]


SECTION 4 – JIHAAD, ALLEGIANCE, AND RULERSHIP


Q1. What is the ruling upon jihaad in the Path of Allaah?


A1. It is obligatory to perform jihaad with ones wealth, and person, and tongue. Allaah the Exalted said:


“Hasten in lightness and in heaviness and struggle [Arabic: jaahidoo] with your wealth and your person in the Path of Allaah.” [Sooratut Tawbah]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Strive against the polytheists with your wealth, and your persons, and your age.” [Abu Daawood, authentic]


Q2. What is allegiance?


A2. Allegiance is love and aid. Allaah the Exalted said:


“And the believing men and women are allies of one another.” [Sooratut Tawbah]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The believers are like a solid structure.” [Muslim]


Q3. What is a walee [close ally]?


A3. The walee is the god-conscious believer. Allaah the Exalted says:


“Is it not that the close allies of Allaah do not have fear, nor do they grieve?” [Soorah Yoonus]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Allaah is the protector and caretaker of those who believe.” [Ahmad, authentic]


Q4. With what should the Muslims rule?


A4. The Muslims should rule with the Qur’aan and the authentic hadeeths. Allaah the Exalted said:


“And indeed, rule between yourselves with what Allaah revealed.” [Sooratul Maa`idah]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Knower of the Unseen and the Witness, you have judged between your slaves.” [Saheeh Muslim]


SECTION 5 – ACTING IN ACCORDANCE TO QUR`AAN AND HADEETH


Q1. Why did Allaah reveal the Qur’aan?


A1. Allaah revealed theQur’aan to be acted upon. Allaah the Exalted says:


“Follow what has been revealed to you from your Lord.” [Sooratul A'araaf]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Read the Qur’aan, and act upon it, and do not take money for it.” [Ahmad, authentic]


Q2. What is the ruling on acting upon an authentic hadeeth?


A2. Acting upon an authentic hadeeth is obligatory due to the statement of Allaah the Exalted:


“And whatever the Messenger gives you, take it, and whatever he forbids you from, then refrain.” [Sooratul Hashr]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Stick to my sunnah and the sunnah or my rightly guided Caliphs. Cling firmly to it. [Ahmad, authentic]


Q3. Do we consider the Qur’aan to be sufficient without hadeeths?


A3. We do not consider the Qur’aan to be sufficient without hadeeths. Allaah the Exalted said:


“And We revealed to you the Reminder [Dhikr: the Qur'aan and the sunnah] so that you may explain to the people what has been revealed to them.” [Sooratun Nahl]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Indeed I have been given the Qur’aan and its like with it.” [Abu Daawood and other than him, authentic]


Q4. Do we put a statement above the statement of Allaah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam)?


A4. We do not put any statement above the statement of Allaah and His Messenger due to the statement of Allaah the Exalted:


“O you who believe, do not put yourselves before Allaah and His Messenger.” [Sooratul Hujuraat]


This is also due to the statement of the Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam): “There is no obedience to the creation in disobedience to the Creator.” [Tabaraanee, authentic]


Ibn ‘Abbaas said: ‘I fear that stones will descend upon you from the sky! I say to you: the Messenger of Allaah said, and you say Abu Bakr and ‘Umar said!


Q5. What do we do if we have differences?


A5. We must return our differences to the Book and the authentic sunnah. Allaah the Exalted said:


“So if you disagree in anything, then return it to Allaah and His Messenger if you are believers in Allaah and the Last Day. That is best in result.” [Sooratun Nisaa]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Stick to my sunnah and the sunnah of my rightly guided Caliphs. Cling firmly to it. [Ahmad, authentic]


Q6. How do we love Allaah and His Messenger?


A6. We love them by obeying them, and following their command. Allaah the Exalted said:

 

“Say: if you love Allaah, then follow me. Allaah will love you and forgive you of your sins, and Allaah is the Forgiving and the Merciful.” [Soorah Aali 'Imraan]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “None of you has believed until I am more beloved to than your fathers and your sons and all of mankind.” [Agreed Upon]


Q7. Should we give up work and rely solely upon pre-decree?


A7. We do not give up work and rely solely upon pre-decree due to the statement of Allaah:


“So as for he who gives and fears Allaah, and believes in the Reward; then We will ease him towards ease.” [Sooratul Layl]

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Work, then you will easily be successful in what you were created for.” [Bukhaaree, Muslim]


SECTION 6 – SUNNAH AND INNOVATION


Q1. Is there a good innovation in the Religion?


A1. There is no good innovation in the Religion, and the proof is the statement of Allaah the Exalted:


“Today I have perfected for you your Religion, and have completed My Favour upon you, and have chosen Islaam as your religion.” [Sooratul Maa`idah]


Q2. What is innovation in the Religion?


A2. Innovation in the Religion is an addition or a decrease in it. Allaah the Exalted said in dispraise of the innovations of the polytheists:

 

“Or do they have partners in the Religion who have legislated what Allaah has not given permission for?” [Sooratush Shooraa]


The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever innovates in this affair of ours that which is not from it, then it is rejected. [Agreed Upon] [rejected: not accepted]


Q3. Is there a good sunnah in Islaam?


A3. Yes, in Islaam there is a good sunnah. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Whoever takes a good sunnah in Islaam, then he has its reward as well as the reward of those who act upon it after him, without anything being decreased from their reward.” [Bukhaaree]


Q4. When will the Muslims be helped?

 

A4. The Muslims will be helped when they return to the implementation of the Book of their Lord, and the sunnah of their Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), and when they take to the propagation of tawheed, and when they warn against shirk in opposition to its manifestations, and when they defend against their enemies with whatever is feasible from strength. Allaah the Exalted says:


“O you who believe, if you help Allaah, He will help you and establish you feet.” [Sooratul Muhammad]


And He also says:


“Allaah has promised those who have believed from among you, and done righteous deeds, that He will grant them succession upon the earth just as He granted it to those before them and that He will surely establish for them their Religion which He preferred for them, and He will surely substitute for them, after their fear, security. They Worship Me not associating anything with Me.” [Sooratun Noor]


SECTION 7 – AN ACCEPTED SUPPLICATION


The Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “A believer is not affected with anxiety and grief, and he says: ‘O Allaah I am your slave, son of your slave, son of your female-slave. My forelock is in Your Hand, Your command over me is forever executed, and Your Decree over me is just. I ask You with every Name belonging to You which You have named Yourself with or revealed in Your Book, or taught to any of Your creation, or you have preserved in the knowledge of the Unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart, and the light of my breast, and a departure for my sorrow, and a release for my anxiety.’ – except that Allaah relieves him of his anxiety and grief, and changes his condition to one of relief.” [Ahmad, authentic]


[Translated by Maaz Qureshi]

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