Exhortations and Admonitions
Prepared by Maaz Qureshi
So if one has faith - and he offers the obligatory duties, and abandons the prohibitions - then he will not enter the Fire, as has been frequently reported in authentic hadeeths from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) regarding this principle.
THE PATH OF THE BELIEVERS
Imaam Ibn Abee Jamrah said:
"Indeed the scholars have said regarding the statement of Allaah:
"…And follows other than the Path of the Believers, We will turn him to what he has turned to…" [Sooratun Nisaa 3:115]
that what is meant by it is the Companions, and the first generation, because they themselves were the first ones to encounter opposition to the sunnah. So they cured it by the best of questions about what took place in their souls due to some ambiguity. So he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) answered them with the best of answers, and explained to them with the most complete of explanations. So they listened, and they understood, and they acted, and they perfected, and they memorized, and they mastered, and they believed. So they have a tremendous virtue over us. It is through them that we can connect our rope to the rope of our leader, Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), and to the Rope of our Protector." 
FROM THE FRUITS OF EEMAAN
Imaam as-Sa’dee said:
"So from them is that complete faith (eemaan) negates dwelling in the Fire. Faith (eemaan) - even if it is little - prohibits one from dwelling it.
So if one has faith - and he offers the obligatory duties, and abandons the prohibitions - then he will not enter the Fire, as has been frequently reported in authentic hadeeths from the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) regarding this principle. Likewise, it has been frequently reported from him that the one who has something of faith (eemaan) in his heart, will not dwell in the Fire, even if it is little."  
From Abee Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said:
"The most complete of the believers in faith (eemaan), is the best of them in manners." 
Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih al-’Uthaymeen says:
"This hadeeth should always be in front of the eyes of the believer. So the most complete of the believers in faith (eemaan), is the best of them in manners with Allaah, and with the servants of Allaah." 
LEARNING AND IMPLEMENTING THE QUR`AAN
’Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood (radiyallaahu ta’aala ’anhumaa) said:
"We used to learn ten aayahs, not increasing upon them until we had implemented them."
Aboo ’Abdur Rahmaan as-Sulamee (rahimahullaahu ta’aala ’anhu) said:
"Verily we took this Qur`aan from a people about whom it was reported to us that if they learned ten aayahs, they would not move onto another ten until they had learned what was in them. So we used to learn the Qur`aan and implement it. Verily the Qur`aan will be inherited after us to a people who will retain it in a way that water is retained. It will not pass beyond their collar bones, rather it will not pass beyond here." - and he put his hand upon his throat." 
THE HEART KNOWING ALLAAH
Imaam al-Bukhaaree said:
"Chapter: the saying of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam): 'I have more knowledge of Allaah than you all.' And that ma’rifah (knowledge/realization) is an action of the heart about which Allaah the Exalted says:
"But He will call you to account for what your hearts have earned." [Sooratul-Baqarah 2:225]" 
Al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab said:
"So hearts will not be corrected until the ma’rifah of Allaah - being in awe of Him, loving Him, fearing Him, relying and trusting in Him, hoping in Him - is not firmly implanted in them. This is the reality of Tawheed and the meaning of the statement Laa ilaahaa illallaah (None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah). So the hearts cannot be corrected until Allaah is made the ilaah (deity) to be known, loved, feared and hoped for; and that He becomes the only deity (ilaah) worthy of this - without associating any partners with Him in this. So know that the world - whatever is above and whatever is below in the waters - will not be corrected, except when the actions of its people are all for Allaah’s sake. Since the actions of the body follow from the actions and intentions of the heart, then when the heart's actions and intentions are only to Allaah alone, then it is corrected, and all the actions of the body will likewise be corrected. However, if the actions and intentions of the heart are directed to other than Allaah, then it is corrupted, and likewise, all the actions of the body will be corrupted in proportion to how much the heart has been corrupted." 
THE GUIDANCE OF THE SCHOLARS
Imaam al-Aajurree said:
"Consider - may Allaah have mercy upon you - a path thwarted with great dangers, yet people need to traverse it, even in the darkness of night. If there were no light upon this path, the people would be terrified. However, Allaah gave them a guiding light by which they were able to traverse this path in peace and safety. Then came groups of people who also needed to traverse this path, so they traversed it. However, during this time the guiding light became extinguished and the people returned to a state of darkness. So what would your opinion be about their condition? This is the example of the scholars and the common people. Most people do not know how to fulfill their obligatory duties, nor how to avoid prohibited matters, nor how to worship Allaah correctly - all of this they learn from the scholars. So with the death of the scholars, mankind returns to a state of anxiety and terror, the teaching of knowledge dies whilst ignorance prevails - what an enormous calamity this is for the Muslims. Indeed to Allaah we belong and to Him we all return." 
THE GRADUAL DECLINE OF THE UMMAH
Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud Deen al-Albaanee said:
"It must also be known that his (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) statement: 'A time will not come upon you, except that that which comes after it will be worse - until you meet your Lord.' Then this hadeeth must be understood in light of the preceding ahaadeeth as well as in the light of others - such as the ahaadeeth about the Mahdee and also the descent of ’Eesaa (’alayhis salaam) which show that this hadeeth is not be understood as having no exceptions, rather it is general and has exceptions. Thus, it is not permissible to cause the people to understand it as being unrestricted, such that they fall into despair - which no believer should have as an attribute.
"Indeed no one despairs of the Mercy of Allaah except those who disbelieve." [Soorah Yoosuf 12:87]" 
SIGNS OF THE PEOPLE OF INNOVATIONS AND DESIRES
Imaam Wakee’ Ibnul Jarraah ar-Ra`oosee said:
"The people of knowledge write what is in their favour and what is against them. However, the people of desires (ahwaa) do not write anything except what is in their favour." 
Imaam Abee Haatim ar-Raazee said:
"A sign of the people of innovation is that they fight the people of narrations (ahlul athar)."
THE ISLAAMIC STATE
Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud Deen al-Albaanee said:
"In conclusion I say, there is a statement by one of the du’aat (callers to Allaah) - I was given hope in its imperativeness and correctness from following it - it is 'Establish the Islaamic State in your hearts, it will be established for you in you land.' So if the creed of the Muslim is correct - built upon the Book and the Sunnah - then there is no doubt that due to this, his worship will become corrected and his manners will become corrected and his dealings will become corrected.
However, this good statement - unfortunately - is not acted upon by these people. So they go astray with shouting demands for the establishment of the Islaamic state, but to no avail.
Indeed that poet - by Allaah - spoke truthfully about them:
'You desire salvation, but you do not tread its path.
Verily the boat does not sail upon dry land.'"  
SINS DEADEN THE HEART
Imaam at-Tirmidthee said:
"From Aboo Hurayrah (radiyallaahu ’anhu) that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: 'When a servant commits a sin, a black spot appears upon his heart, so if he desists, seeks forgiveness and makes repentance; then his heart is cleansed. And if he returns (to the sin), it (the black spot) is increased until it takes over the heart. And it is the filth that Allaah mentions:
"But no! It is the covering of sins which is upon their hearts because of what they used to do." [Sooratul-Mutaffifeen 83:14]'"
Imaam Ibn Abil ’Izz al-Hanafee said:
"Ibnul-Mubaarak - may Allaah have mercy upon him - said:
'I see that sins deaden the heart,
And doing so continuously produces despicableness.
Abandoning sins is the life of the heart,
And rebelling against them is better for your yourself.
And has anything destroyed the Religion,
Except kings and evil scholars and evil monks?' 
SPEAKING AGAINST THE SCHOLARS
Imaam Ibn ’Asaakir said:
"Know - O my brother, may Allaah bring us into conformity with what pleases Him, and make us from those who fear Him and are conscious of Him in a manner which He truly deserves - that the flesh of the scholars is poisonous, and the practice of Allaah in disgracing those who belittle and revile them is well known. Rather slandering them - by that which they are free of - is a great matter, and to take away their honour by means of falsehood and lies is a hotbed of evil and vice. An offense against one whom Allaah has chosen to revive knowledge by is a blameworthy characteristic. And to perpetrate a crime which the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade is from the most significant slander.
"So let those who oppose his command beware that a trial befall them or that they be stricken by a painful punishment." [Sooratun-Noor 24:63]" 
KNOWING THE GOOD AND THE EVIL
’Abdullaah Ibn Mas’ood heard a man saying:
"Whoever does not command the good and prohibit the evil is ruined!"
So he replied to the man:
"Whoever does not know the good and the evil in his heart is ruined." 
al-Haafidh Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee said:
"Ibn Mas’ood indicates that knowledge of the good and the evil in the heart is an obligation from which no one is exempt. So whoever does not know it is ruined." 
 Bahjatun Nufoos (1/4)
 At-Taw deeh wal-Bayaan li Shajaratil Eemaan (p. 55-56)
 This statement is derived from the hadeeth of Abee Dharr mentioned in Bukhaaree (7/149), and in Muslim (1/66), and in Tirmidthee (10/133), and in al-Mishkaatul Masaabeeh (1/5), and in the hadeeths of Jaabir, and Ibn Mas’ood mentioned in Saheeh Muslim (1/65-66)
 Related by Ahmad (2/250), Tirmidthee (no. 2612), Aboo Daawood (no. 4683), al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (1/53), Ibn Hibbaan (2/227). Shaykh Muhammad Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee declared it good (hasan): as-Saheehah (nos. 284, 751), Saheehul Jaami' (no. 1230), and al-Eemaan of Ibn Abee Shaybah (no. 17-20).
 Sharhul ’Aqeedatil Waasitiyyah (2/353)
 Related by Ibn Jareer at-Tabaree with an authentic chain of narrators. See Basaa`ir Dhush-Sharaf (p. 138) of Shaykh Saleem al-Hilaalee.
 Related by Ibn Sa’d in Tabaqaatul Kubraa (6/172)
 Related by al-Bukhaaree (1/88)
 Jaami’ul ’Uloom wal-Hikam (p. 120)
 Akhlaaqul 'Ulamaa (p. 28)
 Related by al-Bukhaaree (no. 7068)
 Silsilatus-Saheehah (1/8)
 Related in the Sunan of ad-Daaraqutnee (1/26)
 Sharh Usoolul I’itiqaad (1/39) of Imaam al-Laalikaa`ee
 at-Tahdheer min Fitnatit-Takfeer (p. 88-89)
 This is from the poetry of Imaam ash-Shaafi’ee, see his Deewaan (p. 86), with the checking of Muhammad ’Abdul Mun’am al-Khaffaagee.
 Jaami’ut-Tirmdthee (1/123)
 Sharhul ’Aqeedatit Tahaawiyyah (p. 208)
 Tabyeen Kadthibul Muftaree (p. 29-30)
 Mu’jamul Kabeer (9/112) of Imaam at-Tabaraanee
 Jaami’ul 'Uloom (2/245)