Friday Sermon from the Prophet's Mosque in Madina, on 29th Dhul-Qa'dah 1421AH
Al-Jum'ah 29, Dhul-Qa'dah 1421 (February 23, 2001)
All praise is due to Allah. May His peace and blessings be upon the Prophet saws, his household and companions.
Fellow Muslims! The greatest issue and the obligation upon every human being is At-Tawheed (to have belief in the oneness of Allah and to act in accordance to it.) It is only with Tawheed that one attains good and comfort and without it one’s lot will be misery and hardship. That is why no stage of the Prophet’s (e) mission was devoid of calling into Tawheed and waging war against Shirk and its manifestations. All pillars of Islam confirm the importance of Tawheed and embody it, for it is the root of those pillars, while the pillars are its branches and fruit.
Dear brothers, let us now study some illustrations that reveal the spirit of Hajj in the light of these points:
1.The Prophet saws entered into the state of Ihraam with At-Tawheed. Jaabir ra said,
One must raise his voice with it for, the Prophet saws said,
It is a talbiyah of the one who feels that all acts of worship should compulsorily be directed to Allah alone and realises the danger of shirk and other destructive sins; a talbiyah of the one who sacrifices to none but Allah, calls none but Allah and seeks relief from none except Allah. The pilgrim keeps on reciting this talbiya until he casts the pebbles of Jamratul-'Aqabah.
2.It is authentically reported from the Prophet (e) that during his Tawaaf he only touched the Yamanee Corner and Al-Hajar Al-Aswad. If the pilgrim however finds difficulty in touching them he should point to Al-Hajar Al-Aswad and say, “ Allahu Akbar” once as he passes by it. As regards the Yamanee Corner, he should not point to it if he cannot touch it. This is done in order to come closer to Allah, and carry out His commandments. Allah says:
The Prophet saws also said,
These rites were performed by the Prophet saws solely for the purpose of worshipping Allah, and not for the purpose of seeking blessings therefrom. That is why ‘Umar ra said when kissing Al-Hajar Al-Aswad,
Scholars have agreed that it is not permissible to touch or kiss other than what is reported in the Sunnah that the Prophet saws has touched or kissed. Al-Athram -a companion of Imaam Ahmad-said,
At-Tahaawee -the Hanafite scholar- said,
In Islam, nothing is known to be touched except Al-Hajar Al-Aswad and the Yamanee Corner.
3.The running between As-Safaa and Al-Marwa has been prescribed as a pillar of Hajj and 'Umrah. This is so that pilgrims may be reminded of Haajar and her son (Prophet Ismaa'eel as) and the hardship they experienced and how Allah caused Zamzam water to gush forth for them to quench their thirst and as a healing for the sick. Thereby making Muslims believe that refuge should be sought with Allah alone. Allah says:
It also makes him know definitely that sincere dependence on Allah coupled by making use of the means is the gateway to success and attainment of desired things.
4. That there is no prosperity or success in this world except through following the path of Prophet saws, having faith and doing good deeds. It is in the light of this that he said,
The eagerness of the Companions was embodied in this saying of Ibn Abbaas ra:
One of the greatest aims of Hajj is to remember his guidance and to adhere to his path without negligence or exaggeration. The Prophet saws said, “
To emphasise the importance of moderation and shunning of exaggeration and negligence in everything, Ibn Abbaas ra narrated that the Prophet saws:
Dear brothers, let this great occasion be an avenue for self-examination. Let it be an opportunity for renewing ones allegiance to the book of Allah and the sunnah of His Prophet saws. Let it be a time when one shuns exaggerations and negligence in all sorts of worship. Let it also be known that Hajj should not be an occasion where one accuses his brother of abominable things without clear evidence.
Brothers in faith! Adhere to the guidance of the Leader of the Messengers, Mohammad son of Abdullah saws. Whoever follows his path shall prosper and achieve everlasting happiness. Further, only when this ummah recognises the true guidance of its religion and the path of its Prophet in its true sense that it will attain glory and might. It was said,
Fellow Muslims! Some highly important days have come upon us. They are the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah. Allah swore by them as a token of their importance and merit and to stress the great reward of those who do righteous deeds in them. He says, “
Good deeds, dear brothers, include righteous sayings, actions and behaviour. An important aspect of that is to visit Muslims wherever they may be, to feel concerned about their affairs, to alleviate their sufferings and to pray for them.
Brothers in Islam! It is recommended to do a lot of Tahleel (saying ‘La ilaha illa Allah’), Takbeer (saying ‘Allahu Akbar’) and Tahmeed (saying ‘Al-hamdu lillah’) in these days. Also, if anyone wants to make a sacrifice for ‘Eid, and it is already in the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah, he should not cut his hair or nails. The Prophet saws said,
This prohibition is only binding on those who want to sacrifice. As for those on whose behalf a sacrifice is to be made, they are not included in this prohibition.
On this great occasion, we sincerely appeal to eminent Muslim personalities to recognise the enormous responsibilities they have to shoulder so that they can make use of these noble days to propagate Islam and spread the good virtues that Islam promotes in accordance with the commandments of Allah and respect to His limits and injunctions. We should always follow this method, be it during Hajj or other days.