Shaykh Salaah Muhammad Aal - Shaykh
The first question is from Sister Mujahida from New York, she says: My
aunt has a daughter who is about 5 and can barely speak and recently
started walking. The doctors said there isn’t anything physically wrong
with her and she is just slow. Some claim that she has ‘ayn (عين
– evil eye) on her and someone suggested that she read Surah Ikhlaas X
number of times and she will start walking and talking. My aunt did
this for a while and my cousin started to walk. However, I was trying
to explain it to her if it was practised by the Sahaabah, but she says,
“It is a surah from the Qur’aan and Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says it’s a
book that cures, then what’s wrong with me reading it?” The questions
i. How do I explain this issue to her?
ii. Is there any ruqyah from Qur’aan and Sunnah that I can give her and tell her to do on her daughter?
About the question, as I understand it this lady is reading
suratul-Ikhlaas and she said inshaa’ Allaah in suratul-Ikhlaas there is
a cure. We should know that Allaah سبحانه و تعالى says in the Qur’aan:
وَنُنَزِّلُ مِنَ الْقُرْآنِ مَا هُوَ شِفَاءٌ وَرَحْمَةٌ لِّلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَلاَ يَزِيدُ الظَّالِمِينَ إَلاَّ خَسَارًا
We send down of the Qur'ān that which is a healing and a mercy to those
who believe (in Islāmic Monotheism and act on it), and it increases the
Zālimūn (polytheists and wrong-doers) nothing but loss.} [Al-Israa 17:82]
This cure includes the cure from doubts, cure from physical illness and also from the illness of the soul i.e. shak an-nafsiyyah (شك النفسية – doubting of the soul). So the Qur’aan is a shifaa’
(شفاء – cure). We know this, and we know that there are special surahs
that the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم has guided us to, and
some aayaat, and we know the Qur’aan as a whole is ash-shifaa’ (The Cure). When you read Qur’aan Inshaa’ Allaah with the intention of shifaa’, and knowledge (understanding), it is shifaa’.
There are special surahs and aayaat like al-Faatihah, and the beginning
aayaat of surah al-Baqarah, and ayatul-Kursi, and suratul-Ikhlaas,
suratul-Kaafiroon, the muwaddataan (Surah al-Falaq and an-Naas). There
are verses which Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم tells us that if
you read them on a sick then Inshaa’ Allaah they will be cured. There
is also a saying of Prophet Muhammad صلى الله عليه و سلم that I think
she can find it in the Sunnah book (Hisnul Muslim) and if she asks her
Imaam, he will guide her to it like:
Place your hand at the site of the pain and say: Bismillah 'In the name of Allaah' (three times) Then supplicate seven times:
أَعُوْذُ بِاللهِ وَ قُدْرَتِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أَجِدُ وَ أُحَاذِرُ
A'oodhu billaahi wa qudratihi min sharri ma ajidu wa uhadhir
'I take refuge in Allaah and within His Omnipotence from the evil that I feel and am wary of.'
Also from the Sunnah of Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم is to recite:
أَذْهِبِ الْبَاسَ، رَبَّ النَّاسِ، وَاشْفِ أَنْتَ الشَّافِي، لاَ شِفَاءَ إِلاَّ شِفَاؤُكَ، شِفَاءً لاَ يُغَادِرُ سَقَماً
Adhibilba’s Rabbanaas wasfi antashaafee laa shifaa’a illa shifaauka shifaa’an laa yughaadiru saqamaa
So the Qur’aan is shifaa’ and there are special surahs that we can say
on the sick person, and he can read them himself. However, specifying a
special surah or special aayaat that the Prophet صلى الله عليه و سلم did not mention, is wrong.
There is nothing that specifies this and specifying a number of times
to read this surah also does not come from Prophet Muhammad صلى الله
عليه و سلم, and the Sahaabah رضي الله عنهم did not do this, so we
should follow the way of using the ruqyah shar’iyyah (الشرعية
الرقية – permissible incantation). He should not be very harsh
regarding this. She is reading Qur’aan and surah al-Ikhlaas has special
meanings in it, so I think it is okay to read the Qur’aan but not
specific (parts); it is better to read the whole of surah al-Faatihah,
Ayatul-Kursi, suratul-Baqarah Wallaahu A’lam.
 Reported in Saheeh Muslim, Kitaab as-Salaam (#2203).
 Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaaree, Kitaab at-Tibb (#5418) and Saheeh Muslim, Kitaab as-Salaam (#2191).