|Quran : Tafsir Ibn Kathir : |
The Conclusion of the Believer's Words, and the ultimate Destiny of both Parties
That believer said: `Why do I call you to salvation, which is the worship of Allah alone with no partner or associate, and belief in His Messenger, whom He has sent,'
(while you call me to the Fire! You invite me to disbelieve in Allah, and to join partners in worship with Him of which I have no knowledge;) means, on the basis of ignorance, with no proof or evidence.
(and I invite you to the Almighty, the Oft-Forgiving!) means, with all His might and pride, He still forgives the sin of the one who repents to Him.
(La Jarama, you call me to one) They say it means, "Truly.'' As-Suddi and Ibn Jarir said that the meaning of His saying:
(La jarama) means "Truly.'' Ad-Dahhak said:
(La Jarama) means, "No lie.'' `Ali bin Abi Talhah and Ibn `Abbas said:
(La Jarama) means, "Indeed, the one that you call me to of idols and false gods
(that does not have a claim in this world or in the Hereafter).'' Mujahid said, "The idols that do not have anything.'' Qatadah said, "This means that idols possess no power either to benefit or to harm.'' As-Suddi said, "They do not respond to those who call upon them, either in this world or in the Hereafter.'' This is like the Ayah:
(And who is more astray than one who calls on besides Allah, such as will not answer him till the Day of Resurrection, and who are unaware of their calls to them And when the people are gathered, they will become their enemies and deny their worship.) (46:5-6)
(If you invoke them, they hear not your call; and if they were to hear, they could not grant it to you) (35:14).
(And our return will be to Allah,) means, in the Hereafter, where He will reward or punish each person according to his deeds. He says:
(and the transgressors, they shall be the dwellers of the Fire!) meaning, they will dwell therein forever, because of their great sin, which is associating others in worship with Allah.
(And you will remember what I am telling you,) means, `you will come to know the truth of what I enjoined upon `you and forbade you to do, the advice I gave you and what I explained to you. You will come to know, and you will feel regret at the time when regret will be of no avail.'
(and my affair I leave it to Allah.) means, `I put my trust in Allah and seek His help, and I renounce you utterly.'
(Verily, Allah is the All-Seer of (His) servants.) means, He knows all about them, may He be exalted and sanctified, and He guides those who deserve to be guided and sends astray those who deserve to be sent astray; His is the perfect proof, utmost wisdom and mighty power.
(So Allah saved him from the evils that they plotted,) means, in this world and in the Hereafter; in this world, Allah saved him along with Musa, peace be upon him, and in the Hereafter (He will admit him) to Paradise.