Al-Istiqaamah Issue No.8 – Shawwal 1418H / February 1998
SETTING THE STANDARD
Shaykh Ibn Ibraaheem- rahimahullaah- (d. 1389H) said: “Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah [the Saved Sect] have an usool (set of fundamentals) which is firmly based upon proofs; and upon this are built the furoo’ (subsidiary issues).”1
GUIDELINES REGARDING DIFFERENCES
Imaam as-Sa’dee (d. 1376H)- rahimahullaah – said: “Differences of opinions that occur between the [Scholars] of the Ummah are from two angles:- Firstly: Differences in the furoo’ (subsidiary issues), and in issues of ijtihaad (qualified striving to reach the truth); such that when a person – whether it is a judge, muftee, writer, or teacher – strives to arrive at a ruling and is correct, he is rewarded two-fold. But if he strives and is mistaken, then he is rewarded once. Second: Differences in matters of usool (fundamentals); such as the issues related to Allaah’s Attributes, al-Qadr (Predestination and Pre-Decree), Eemaan (faith), and their like. These cause those who oppose [such usool] to be regarded as deviants, because of them opposing the proofs from the Book and the Sunnah, and that which the Salafus-Saalih (Pious Predecessors) – the Companions and those who followed them in goodness – were agreed upon.”2
THE PERMISSIBLE TYPE OF DIFFERING
Shaykh Ibn al-’Uthaymeen – hafidhahullaah – said: “This sect [i.e. the Saved-Sect] unites upon the truth, even if its people do have differences of opinion between themselves. However, these differences do not harm their [unity], nor cause them to declare each other as deviants. Rather, their hearts are still united, even when these difference of opinion occur in matters linked to the ‘aqeedoh (beliefs); such as did the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam see his Lord with his eyes, or did he not see him [with his eyes]? Or is the punishment in the grave to the body and the soul, or just to the soul only? Or other such issues. This is because these issues are subsidiary issues connected with the usool, they are not in the actual usool itself. So they do not declare each other as being deviants when they differ in such matters – contrary to what the innovators do.”3
THE PROHIBITED TYPE OF DIFFERING
Ibn Taymiyyah (d.728H) – rahimahullaah – said:
1. Fataawaa lil-Lajnatud-Daa’imah lil-Buhoothul-’llmiyyah wal-Iftaa (no.830).
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