It is forbidden to carry out an act of obedience to Allah and His Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) in a place used to carry out acts of disobedience to Allah and His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), and that includes slaughtering animals in a place where animals are slaughtered for others besides Allah.
That it proves the prohibition of all things which might lead in the end to Shirk.
It is reported on the authority of Thabit Ibn Adh-Dhahhak (صلى الله عليه و سلم) that he said: “A man vowed to sacrifice a camel at a place called Buwanah, and he asked the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) about it.
He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said to him: “Does the place contain any of the idols from the time of the Jahiliyyah?” They said: “No.”
He (صلى الله عليه و سلم) then asked: “Did the disbelievers hold any of their (religious) festivals there?” They replied: “No.” So the Messenger of Allah (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:
“Then fulfill your vow, for verily, vows, which entail disobedience to Allah or that which is beyond the capacity of the son of Adam should not be fulfilled.” (Narrated by Abu Dawood, with a Sanad that meets the conditions of acceptance laid down by Bukhari and Muslim).
Thabit Ibn Adh-Dhahak (Radhi Allaahu Anhu) informs us that a man made a vow to slaughter a female camel in a place called Buwanah, and so the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) enquired as to whether it had been used as a place of worship for the idols of the Jahiliyyah or whether any of their pagan festivals had been celebrated there. When it was made clear to him that this was not the case, he ordered the man to fulfill his vow. In addition to this, he then gave a general ruling binding upon his Ummah until the Day of Ressurrection, prohibiting the fulfillment of vows made in disobedience to Allah or which require of man what is beyond his capacity.
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Benefits Derived From the ayah and Hadith:
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Posted from: Beneficial Sayings from Kitaab ut-Tawheed – Book by Shaykh Muhammaad at-Tamimi rahimahullaah – Explanation is based upon that of Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah