Aqeedah Tahawiyyah : Lesson 05
حي لا يموت
[Point #11] He (Allaah) is the Living One who does not die.
The Explanation – Point 
His Life is a complete and perfect life which does not suffer from any deficiency nor any sleep.
Allaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Him, the Ever-Living One, the Independent Sustainer of all. Neither sleep nor slumber takes hold of Him. (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 255)
And place reliance upon the Ever-Living One Who does not die. (Sooratul-Furqaan (25), aayah 58)
So, He negates for Himself as-sinah (السِنة – slumber) and that means light sleep and (He negates for Himself) an-nawm (النوم) which is deep sleep. And He negated for Himself al-mawt (الموت – death) because of the completeness and perfection of His Life, He the Perfect and Most High.
And sleep and slumber and death, these are deficiencies in life and these are attributes to be found in the creation; and the life of the creation is deficient because he sleeps and he dies.
So sleeping is a part of completeness with regard to the creation but it is a deficiency with regard to the Creator; because a person who cannot sleep they have an affliction affecting their health. So this shows the difference and the distinction between the Attributes of the Creator and the attributes of the creation. And as for the two Names: الحي (Al-Hayy – The Ever-living) and القيوم (Al-Qayyoom –and the independent Sustainer of all), then these are two attributes taken from the statement of Allaah the Most High,
Allaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Him, He is the Ever-living, the independent Sustainer of all (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 255)
So Al-Hayy, the Ever-living means the One who has complete and perfect life and Al-Qayyoom is a word in intensive form.
End of explanation of point 
 From Aboo Moosaa radiyAllaahu `anh who said: Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam stood amongst us with five sayings; so he said, “Allaah the Mighty and Majestic does not sleep and it is not befitting for Him that He should sleep…” the hadeeth. Reported by Muslim in the book of Eemaan.
 From Ibn `Abbaas radiyAllaahu `anhumaa that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to say,
اللَّهُمَّ لَكَ أَسْلَمْتُ، وَبِكَ آمَنْتُ، وَعَلَيْكَ تَوَكَّلْتُ، وَإِلَيْكَ أَنَبْتُ، وَبِكَ خَاصَمْتُ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَعُوذُ بِعِزَّتِكَ،
لاَ إِلَهَ إِلاَّ أَنْتَ، أَنْ تُضِلَّنِي، أَنْتَ الْحَيُّ الَّذِي لاَ يَمُوتُ، وَالْجِنُّ وَالإِنْسُ يَمُوتُونَ
“O Allaah, to You I have surrendered and in You I have truly believed and upon You I have placed my reliance and to You I turn and with Your Aid I dispute. O Allaah, I seek refuge in Your Might; none has the right to be worshipped except You; I seek Your Refuge from Your misguiding me. You are the Ever-living One Who does not die whereas jinn and mankind die.” Reported by Muslim.
At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At–Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Read the Related Post:
Allaah is Al-Qayyoom (the Independent Sustainer of everything), who does not sleep – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]
Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]