Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah : Lesson 07
وكل شيء إليه فقير
 And everything is totally dependent upon Him.
The Explanation – Point 
So there is nothing than can possibly do without or be independent of Allaah – no angel, nor any heaven nor any earth, nor anyone from the jinn nor anyone from mankind, nor any inanimate object, whether mountains or oceans; everything is dependent upon Allaah.
O mankind! You are the ones who are needy and dependent upon Allaah. And Allaah, He is the One who is Independent – the One deserving of all praise. (Sooratul-Faatir (35), aayah 15)
So everything is dependent upon Him and not upon the awliyaa. (beloved servants of Allaah) and not upon the heavens. And whoever says that the awliyaa. (beloved servants of Allaah) have power and ability which is different to human power and ability, and whoever says that they have some control over the creation and that they benefit and harm, besides Allaah; then this is the saying of the unbelievers and the mushriks. So the awliyaa. (beloved servants of Allaah), and the Messengers and the angels, have no independence from Allaah and they cannot do anything without Him.
So this nullifies the worship of everything besides Allaah, whether idols or other things. How can you worship things that are themselves dependent (upon Allaah) and forget the One in whose Hand is the Ownership and the Mastery of everything?
And for this reason one of the scholars from the grave-worshippers, he said to a common person from the people of Tawheed, “You people say that the awliyaa. (beloved servants of Allaah), they can’t benefit and they can’t bring harm.” So he said, “Yes, we say that they don’t bring benefit and they don’t bring harm.” So he (the grave-worshipper) said, “Does not Allaah, the Most High, say,
Do not consider those who are killed in Allaah’s cause as being dead. Rather, they are alive, with their Lord, being given provision.” (Soorah Aal-`Imraan (3), aayah 169)
So (this man who is only just a regular person) he responded to him and said, “Did Allaah say yurzaqoon (يُرْزَقون – they are given provision) or did He say yarzuqoon (يَرْزُقون – they give provision)?” So the man said, “Rather He said, yurzaqoon (يُرْزَقون – they are given provision) with a dammah on the yaa’” So (the man who is a common person), he said, “In that case I will ask the One who Provides for them and I will not ask them.” So that person of knowledge was defeated in argument by the evidence of this common person who was upon the correct natural disposition.
End of explanation of point 
At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At–Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]