Sharh-ul-Usool ath-Thalaathah : Lesson 42 (Part A)
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
The Time Period of the Call in Makkah
Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:
أخذ على هذا عشر سنين يدعو إلى التوحيد
He carried this out for ten years calling to tawheed. 
 :Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan’s Explanation :
His statement: «He carried this out for ten years calling to tawheed» meaning: He called the people to tawheed and warned against shirk for ten years in Makkah. He was calling to tawheed and forbidding shirk, because they used to direct worship to the idols.
And the wisdom in Allaah’s sending him as a prophet in Makkah was that Makkah is Umm al-Quraa (the mother of all the cities), that to which all the cities relate back to. Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:
وَمَا كَانَ رَبُّكَ مُهْلِكَ الْقُرَىٰ حَتَّىٰ يَبْعَثَ فِي أُمِّهَا رَسُولًا
«And your Lord would not destroy the townships until He sent a Messenger in their original one.» [28:59]
The ‘Umm‘ is the source to which something relates back to and the foundation which it relates back to; this is the Umm.
His saying, He the Most High:
هُنَّ أُمُّ الْكِتَابِ
«They are the foundation of the Book.» [3:7]
Meaning: The source to which the aayaat which are mutashaabihah (unclear) are referred back to.
Likewise Makkah has been honored by Allaah, in that it is the original place to which the whole of the people of the Earth resort back, and Muslims in the different regions of the Earth return to Makkah. So it is Umm al-Quraa with the meaning that it is the place of return. Allaah sent His Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu`alaihi wa sallam in Makkah because it is Umm al-Quraa.
He remained in it for thirteen years forbidding the people of Makkah from shirk and commanding them with tawheed, because the people of Makkah are the example for others besides them.
Therefore, it is binding that Makkah should remain, until the establishment of the Hour, as an abode of tawheed and a beacon for the call to Allaah, and everything which conflicts with that must be kept away from it. So, shirk, innovations, and false superstitions must be kept away from it, because the people always look towards it. What is done in it is propagated around the world. So, if what is done in it is good, then good will spread about and if the opposite is the case, then evil will spread.
So it is obligatory that Makkah be kept pure always and for this reason, He, the Majestic and Most High, said:
وَعَهِدْنَا إِلَىٰ إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَإِسْمَاعِيلَ أَن طَهِّرَا بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْعَاكِفِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ
«And We enjoined Ibraaheem and Ismaa`eel that they should purify My House for those people who make tawwaaf, and those who stay there for worship and those who bow and prostrate.» [2:125]
So it is obligatory that Makkah be purified from everything that conflicts with Islaam, so that the religion can emanate from it and the call to the East and Western parts of the Earth, because Allaah sent His Prophet in it and he began his call `alaihissalaatu wassalaam from it.
The Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam remained in Makkah for thirteen years; from them were ten years in which he called to tawheed and forbade from shirk (only) and he was not commanded with anything other than that. He was not commanded with the prayer nor with the zakaat nor with fasting nor with Hajj (the Pilgrimage). Rather his call was restricted to warning against shirk and to commanding tawheed.
He would say to them:
“Say that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, you will be successful!“
And they would say:
أَجَعَلَ الْآلِهَةَ إِلَٰهًا وَاحِدًا ۖ إِنَّ هَٰذَا لَشَيْءٌ عُجَابٌ
«Does he make all the objects of worship a single object of worship? Indeed this is something very strange!» [38:5]
Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
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Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank