Posted from: The Beneficial Saying on The Book of Tawheed
Book by Shaykh Muhammaad bin AbdulWahhaab at-Tamimi rahimahullaah,
Explanation is based upon that of Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah
CHAPTER No: 25
بيان شيء من أنواع السحر
Clarification of types of Sorcery (As-Sihr)
Imam Ahmad (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Muhammad bin Ja’far narrated from Auf, from Haiyan bin Al- `Ala’, from Qatan bin Qabisah, from his father that he heard the Prophet (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) say:
إن العيافة والطرق والطيرة من الجبت
“Verily, Al-Iyafah (letting birds fly to foretell events) and At-Tarq (drawing lines on earth to predict events) and At-Tiyarah (taking sight on some object as a bad omen) are Al-Jibt (sorceries/magic).”
`Auf (رضي الله عنه) said,
العيافة: زجر الطير، والطرق: الخط يخط بالأرض والجبت
“Al-‘Iyafah is letting a bird’s flight foretell events while At-Tarq is drawing line on earth.”
Hasan Basri (May Allah be pleased with him) said,
والجبت رنة الشيطان
“Al- Jibt is the scream of Satan (devil).”
The above Hadith has been narrated through good chain of narrators and collected by Abu Dawud, An-Nasa’i and Ibn Hibban.
Abu Dawud reported in his book with Sahih lsnad that Ibn Abbas (رضي الله عنه) narrated that Allah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:
من اقتبس شعبة من النجوم، فقد اقتبس شعبة من السحر، زاد ما زاد
“Whoever learns a part of astrology (drawing knowledge from stars) has learned a part of sorcery (magic). Those who learn more are getting that much more (sin to their credit).”
In An-Nasa’i, Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه) is reported to have said:
من عقد عقدة ثم نفث فيها فقد سحر، ومن سحر فقد أشرك، ومن تعلق شيئاً وكل إليه
“Whoever tied a knot and blew on it, has committed sorcery and whoever committed sorcery has committed Shirk. Whoever wears an amulet or talisman will be subjected to its control.”
Ibn Mas’ud (رضي الله عنه) is reported to have heard Allah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) saying:
ألا هل أنبئكم ما الغضة؟ هي النميمة، القالة بين الناس
“Shall I not tell you what Al-‘Adh (literally: lying, sorcery etc.) is? It is conveying false rumors for the purpose of causing disputes between people.” (Muslim)
Both Sahih collectors reported from Ibn Umar (رضي الله عنه) that Allah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه و سلّم) said:
إن من البيان لسحراً
“Some eloquence can be (so beautiful that it constitutes) sorcery.”
Important issues of the Chapter
1) Al-‘Iyafah, At-Tarq, At-Tiyarah are three kinds of Al-Jibt (sorcery/magic).
2) Al-‘Iyafah, and At-Tarq are explained.
3) Astrology too is a kind of sorcery.
4) Tying knots and blowing over them is also sorcery.
5) An-Namimah (tale bearing, backbiting) is also a form of sorcery.
6) Talking sometimes superfluously and eloquently can too be sorcery.
Source of the above Text: Darussalam English publication of Kitab at-Tawheed