Beneficial Answers To Questions On Innovated Methodologies – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Beneficial Answers To Questions On Innovated Methodologies - Shaykh Salih FawzaanThis is the weekly Wednesday evening class on the book Al Ajwibah Al Mufeedah ‘An As-ilat Al Manaahij Al Jadeedah (Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies) by our noble Sheikh Saaleh al-Fawzaan, hafidhahullah.

You may download a copy of the original Arabic text here: الأجوبة المفيدة عن أسئلة المناهج الجديدة

As with all of our classes at Masjid Tawheed in Stone Mountain, GA, we encourage you to join us.

If you are not able to attend in person, please feel free to listen in via our Spreaker channel or our telelink line at 712-432-2856.

About the Book: 

Author: Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan; Compiled by Jamaal bin Furayhaan Al-Haarithee
Publisher: Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing (01-May-04)
Pages: 208 Binding: Paperback

This is a translation of the tremendous book “Al-Ajwibatul-Mufeedah ‘an As’ilatil-Manaahij al-Jadeedah”, which is a compilation of questions presented to Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan and his responses to them. The source used for this was the 1997 second edition, published by Daar as-Salaf of Riyadh, Saudi Arabia.

From the topics covered in the book are: The Definition of the Salafee Manhaj, Obedience to the Rulers, Warning against Innovators, Exposition of Deviant Groups, Refutations of Innovated Practices such as Plays and Anaasheed (songs in the name of Islam), the Rulings on Groups and Parties, and Advice to the Students of Knowledge.

Altogether, this combination of a scholar’s guidance and wisdom with a student of knowledge’s research and investigation makes for an incredible and invaluable resource for Muslims everywhere to benefit from.

Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 01 – 20140319
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 02 – 20140326
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 03 – 20140402
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 04 – 20140409
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 05 – 20140416
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 06 – 20140423
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 07 – 20140430
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 08 – 20140507
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 09 – 20140514
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 10 – 20140521
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 11 – 20140528
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 12 – 20140820
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 13 – 20140827
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 14 – 20140903
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 15 – 20140910

Question no. 32
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 16 – 20140917

Question no. 35
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 17 – 20140924

Question no. 51
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 18 – 20141022 Q51

Question no. 53
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 19 – 20141029 Q53

Question no. 55
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 20 – 20141105 Q55

Question 55, Footnote 153.
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 21 – 20141112

We continue with Question no. 60: How should we advise the rulers?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 22 – 20141119

We continue with Question no. 61: Does Salafiyyah divide the Muslims?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 23 – 20141126

We continue with the Question no. 62: What is Salafiyyah?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 24 – 20141203

We start with Question no. 65: Is the one who performs an innovated action without knowing that it is an innovation, rewarded for it?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 25 – 20141210

We continue with Question no. 67: What is the ruling of the one who loves a caller to Islam and doesn’t want him to be refuted?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 26 – 20141217

We continue with Question no. 71: There are so many groups amongst the Muslims; which one is upon the truth and how can we tell?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 27 – 20141231

We continue with the Question no. 74: What is the ruling on the one who speaks ill of the scholars?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 28 – 20150114

We continue with Question no. 75: What is the ruling on taking disbelievers as allies?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 29 – 20150121

We continue with the Question no. 78: What is the shaykh’s advice to those who accuse him of not outwardly repelling the faults of the rulers?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 30 – 20150128

We continue with Question no. 85: What are the means that lead to unity?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 31 – 20150204

We continue with Question no. 85: What are the actions that will lead to the unity of Muslims?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 32 – 20150304

We cover Question no. 93: Is it possible for Muslims to be united even though they have different methodologies and creeds?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 33 – 20150311

We cover Question no. 94: Is it possible for Muslims to be united even though they are split into different parties?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 34 – 20150318

We cover Question no. 95: What is the ruling on suicide bombings?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 35 – 20150325

We continue with Question no. 98: Are “protests” part of calling to Islam?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 36 – 20150401

We continue with Question 99: What is your opinion of protests and demonstrations?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 37 – 20150408

We continue with Question no. 102: Why did the Salaf warn against the “Qussaas” (the storytellers)?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 38 – 20150415

We begin with Question no. 103: Where did these so-called Islamic groups come from?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 39 – 20150422

We begin with Question no. 105: Who is the Jama’at at-Tableegh and what is their manhaj?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 40 – 20150506

We continue with Question no. 108: Is there any advice that will serve as a guideline for those who have been deceived by the deviant groups?
Beneficial Answers on Innovated Methodologies – 41 – 20150513

These are ongoing series, check the below link for updates

Sourcehttp://followthesalaf.com/home/?tag=Beneficial+Answers+on+Innovated+Methodologies

Imam Ahmad A Good Example Of Implementing The Sunnah Over Desires – Shaikh Jamaal Al-Haarithee

Bismillaah Al-Hamdulillaah wa salatu wa salamu ‘ala Rasool Allaah

The following is from Shaikh Jamaal Al-Haarithee from his comments on Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan’s Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies (hafidhahumullaah):

It is reported in the book as-Sunnah of Ibn Abee ‘Aasim (2/351), al-Mustadrak of Al-Haakim (3/290) and the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad (3/404) from the narration of ‘Iyyaad bin Ghanam that the Messenger of Allaah (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam) said:

 “Whoever has some advice for the leader should not speak it out in public. Rather, he should take his hand and sit with him in privacy. So if he [the ruler] accepts it, then he accepts it, and if he doesn’t, then he [the advisor] has performed what is required of him and what is for him.”

The wording of this hadeeth is from Al-Haakim, and it is a sound hadeeth.

Look at the example of the Imaam of Ahlus Sunnah, Ahmad ibn Hanbal (rahimahullaah). He was beaten with a whip, dragged on the floor, and imprisoned due to the [the deviants’ claim] of the Qur`an being created. But in spite of this, he would refer to him [the ruler] as the “Commander of the Believers” and tell the people: “Do not rebel (against the leader); be patient.” Don’t we have a good example in our righteous predecessors? Or is it that we are more knowledgeable and braver than them?!

Imam Ibn Rajab al-Hanbalee (rahimahullaah) said in his book Jaami’ul-‘Uloom wal Hikam (pg. 113):

“Sincere Advice to the Muslim leaders means cooperating with them upon the truth, obeying them, reminding them, cautioning them with gentleness and ease, preventing an uprise against them, and supplicating for them to be guided.”

Imaam Ash-Shawkaanee said in his book Raf’-ul-Asaateen fee Hukm-il-Ittisaal bis-Salaateen (pg. 81-82):

 “It is well established in the Mighty Book (Qur`an) that we are commanded to obey the ruler. Allaah put obeying the rulers after obeying Him and obeying the Messenger (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam). There are many ahaadeeth in the purified Sunnah, i.e. the main collections, and other books that state that it is obligatory to obey them [the rulers] and to be patient with their oppression. One of the ahaadeeth in which the Prophet (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam) commanded us to obey them [the rulers] consists of the words: ‘…even if he beats your back and takes your money.’ It is also authentically reported on him (salallaahu ‘alaihiwasallam) that he said: Give them what they are entitled to (of rights), and ask Allaah for what you are entitled to (of rights).‘”

Note: From the comments that follow the 31st question and answer in Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies.

Correct methodology with regard to advising the Rulers – Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan

Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies by Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan Hafithahullaah. (Beneficial footnotes by Jamaal bin Fareehan Al-Harithee). Pg. 51-55

Question :

What is the correct methodology for advising, particularly with regard to advising the rulers? Is it by publicising their evil actions from their evil actions from the mimbars or by advising them in private? I would like to know what the correct methodology is concerning this matter?

Answer

Infallibility is not for anyone except Allaah’s Messenger . Rulers are humans and they make errors. So no doubt they have errors and mistakes, as they are not infallible. But do not make their errors a reason for you to publicise them and remove yourself from obeying them, even if they may be oppressive and unjust  ,and even if they may be sinful, so long as they do not commit clear disbelief. This is that the Prophet commanded us.

Quote:
This is the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa’ah with respect to the Muslim ruler. The author of Al-‘Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah said:“And we do not hold it permissible to rebel against our Imaams and our leaders, even if they may be oppressive. Nor do we supplicate against them or remove ourselves from obedience to them. And we hold that obeying them is part of obeying Allaah and hence an obligation so long as they do not order (us) commit sins. We supplicate to Allaah for them that He grant them rectification and pardon.”This is the same belief that the callers to truth are upon to this very day. These same words and those that bear a similar meaning to it were constantly repeated by our teacher, Shaykh ‘Abdul-‘Azeez bin ‘Abdillaah bin Baaz, may Allaah have mercy on him, in his classes and lectures.

Quote:

He is referring to the hadeeth of ‘Ubaadah bin as-Saamit (radhiyAllaahu anh) in which he said:“The Prophet summoned us and so we gave him the oath of allegiance that we would hear and obey (the leader) in matters that we liked and matters that we disliked and in things that were hard upon us and things that were easy upon us, and (that we would give him) preference over ourselves. And that we would not oppose the authority of the leader unless we notice him having open disbelief, for which you would have a clear proof from Allaah against him.”(Fath-ul-Baaree: 13/5)

Ahmad added to this in his narration:

“And if you believe that you have some justification in the matter (i.e. of rebelling), do no act upon this suspicion. Rather, just hear and obey until it reaches you, without removing yourself from the obedience.”

And there is further addition in the report of Ibn Hibbaan and Ahmad:

“…even if they take your wealth and beat your back.”

(Fath-ul-Baaree: 13/8)

And if they have sins and commit oppression and injustice, then indeed having patience while obeying them  keeps the unity, maintains unification of the Muslims, and protects the lands of the Muslims. Furthermore, there are great evils that result from in opposing them and seceding from them, which are greater than the evils that (may) come from them. So there will occur greater evil –

Quote:
The Shaykh, may Allaah preserve him, is referring to the hadeeth of the Ibn ‘Abbaas (radhiyAllaahu anh) in which he narrated that the Prophet said:“Whoever sees in his leader something that he dislikes, then let him be patient with it, for indeed, whoever splits away from the Jamaa’ah (unified group) even an inch, and then dies, he does not die except the death of some in the Days of Ignorance.”(Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (7054); See Fath-ul-Baaree (13/5))And he is also referring to the hadeeth of Anas bin Maalik (radhiyAllaahu anh) in which the Prophet said:“You will indeed see things after me that you will disapprove of.”

So they said:“What do you order us to do with them, O Messenger of Allaah?”

He replied:“Give them (i.e. the leaders) their rights and ask Allaah for your rights.”

(Reported by Al-Bukhaaree (7052); See Fath-ul-Baaree (13/5) and Sunan At-Tirmidhee (2190))

Quote:

Such as the rallies and demonstrations that have appeared in some of the neighbouring countries. These demonstrations are from the practices of the disbelievers , and not from the Muslims. And it is not part of the Religion in any way. They result in the shedding of blood, the destruction of property, and that misery gained over the Sunnah and its adherents. So won’t the callers to political instigation reflect on these consequences?

– than that which comes from them in the first place, so long as this evil (on their part) is less than disbelief (Kufr) and polytheism (Shirk). We are not saying that one should remain silent at the errors that come out from the rulers. No, rather they should be corrected. But they must be corrected in a pure way, by advising them privately, and writing to them in private. By writing to them, we don’t mean that which is written down, passed through the hands of a group of individuals and then spread amongst the people. This is not permissible. Rather, a confidential letter, should be written, in which there is advice –

Quote:
(This is the methodology of the Salaf with regard to advising the rulers – that it be private and concealed so that there is no room for self-amazement (riyaa) to enter. And in these circumstances, it is much more likely that they (i.e. the leaders) will accept the advice and that Allaah will accept the (good) deed. We will mention some of the texts and narrations regarding this later.)

,and handed over to the ruler or read to him orally. As for a letter that is written, then photocopied, then distributed to the people, then this act is not permissible because it is publicising (his errors), and it is just like speaking against him from the mimbar. In fact, it is worse because it is possible for a person to forget a speech, but as for a written letter, it remains and passes through hands. So this is not from the truth. The Prophet said:

“The Religion is sincerity (advice). The Religion is sincerity (advice). The Religion is sincerity (advice).”

We said:

“To who, O Messenger of Allah?”

He said:

“To Allaah, His Book, His Messenger, the leaders of the Muslims and their common folk.”

(Reported by Muslim (55))

And in the hadeeth, it states:
“Verily Allaah is pleased with three things for you and He is displeased with three things for you. He is pleased that you (1) worship Him and not associate anything (in worship) with Him; and that (2) you hold tight onto the Rope of Allaah, all of you together, and not be divided, and that (3) you mutually advise he whom Allaah gives authority of your affairs.”

(Saheeh: An authentic hadeeth reported by Ahmad (2/367) and Maalik in Al-Muwatta (2/756) with the verification of ‘Abdul-Baaqee.)

The people most fitting and qualified to advise the rulers are the scholars, the members of legal and consultative decisions, and those responsible for making decisions and problem-solving. Allaah says:

When there comes to them some matter touching (public) safety or fear, they make it known (among the people). But if Only they had referred it to the Messenger or to those charged with authority amongst them, the proper investigators would have understood it from them (directly).And had it not been for the Grace and Mercy of Allaâh upon you, You would have followed Shaitân (Satan), except for a few (from you).
(Surah an-Nisaa: 83)

So not everybody is fit to do this. And disseminating and publicising their errors is not from advising at all. Rather, it is from spreading evil and wickedness amongst those who believe. And it is not from the methodology of the Salaf As-Saalih, even if the intention of the one who does it may be good and pure, such as for the sake of forbidding an evil, according to his view. However, what he did is a greater evil than that which he is forbidding. Therefore, forbidding an evil may be evil in itself if it is done in a way other than what Allaah and His Messenger have legislated.

Quote:
Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) said:“Gentleness is a way towards commanding good and forbidding evil. This is why it is said: “Let your commanding of good be good, and your forbidding of evil not evil.”And since commanding good and forbidding evil are from the greatest of obligatory and recommended acts, the benefit derived from it must always outweigh the evil… Rather, everything that Allaah commanded us with is in fact good. Allaah has praised good and the doers of good, and He has condemned evil and the doers of evil in many places (of the Qur’aan). So in the case where commanding good and forbidding evil will only bring about greater corruption, it is something that Allaah has not commanded, even if it results in a person abandoning an obligation and committing a prohibition, since the believer is only required to fear Allaah with regard to Allaah’s servants, and it is not upon him to guide.”(Al-Amr bil-Ma’roof wan-Nahee ‘anil-Munkar (pg. 19)This is since this person has not followed the legislated way of the Prophet, which he described when he said:“Whoever amongst you sees an evil, then let him change it with his hand. But if he is not able to, then with his tongue. And if he is not able to, then with his heart, and this is the weakest of Faith.”

(Reported by Muslim (49))

So Allaah’s Messenger divided people into three categories: Amongst them is he who able is able to terminate the evil with his hand, and he is the one in authority, such as the ruler and those entrusted with authority, such as committees, governors and leaders. The second type is the scholar who because he has no authority, forbids (evil) by explaining and advising with wisdom and fair admonition, and by advising those in authority in a wise manner. The third category consists of those who have no knowledge or authority. They should forbid the evil with their hearts, by hating it and by hating and withdrawing away from those who do it.

Reference: Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies by Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan Hafithahullaah. (Beneficial footnotes by Jamaal bin Fareehan Al-Harithee). Pg. 51-55

Worst punishment for the sinners or the Innovators? – Shaykh Saalih-al-Fawzaan

Question 

Who will have a worse punishment (in the Hereafter): The sinners or the innovators?

Answer

The innovators will have a worse punishment, since innovations are worse than sins. Innovations are more beloved to the Devil than sins because (it is likely that) the sinner may repent –

Sufyaan Ath-Thawree, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

“Innovation is more beloved to Iblees (the Devil) than sins. This is because sins are repented from whereas innovations are not repented from.”

(Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa (11/472))

The Prophet said:

“Verily Allaah has prevented repentance from every person of innovation.”

(Silsilat-ul-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah (1620))

– but as for the innovator, then very rarely does he repent because he thinks that he is upon the truth.

This is contrary to the sinner for he knows that he is disobeying Allaah and that he is committing a sinful deed. As for the innovator, he considers himself to be obeying Allaah and to be upon obedience. This is why innovation – and Allaah’s refuge is sought – is worse than sin. And this is why the Salaf warned the people from sitting and gathering with the innovators –

 Al-Hasan Al-Basree, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:

“Do not sit with a person of innovation, for indeed he will put a disease in your heart.”

(Al-I’tisaam of Ash-Shaatibee (1/72) verified by Saleem Al-Hilaalee and Al-Bid’a wan-Nahee ‘anhaa of Ibn Waddaah (pg. 54))

Ash-Shaatibee (158) said:

“Indeed the saved sect – and they are Ahl-us-Sunnah – are commanded to disassociate themselves from the people of innovations, to expel them, and to punish severely anyone that follows in their direction, whether by killing them or less than that. And the scholars have warned us against accompanying and gathering with them.”

I (the compiler) say : may Allaah have mercy on the Salaf (predecessors). They did not leave behind any person of innovation except that they subdued him and warned against him.

– for they would influence those whom they sat with, and their danger is great. There is no doubt that innovation is worse than sin and that the danger of the innovator is worse to the people than the danger of the sinner. –

Concerning the danger of the people of innovation, Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

“If it were not for those whom Allaah placed to repel the danger of them [meaning the innovators], the Religion would have been corrupted. Their corruption is worse than the corruption caused by the conquering of the enemies at times of war. For indeed, when they conquer, they do not corrupt hearts or the Religion found in them, except for a while. But as for these people [i.e. the innovators], then they corrupt the hearts from the very beginning.”

(Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa: (28/232)

He (Ibn Taimiyyah) also said (20/103):

“The people of innovation are worse than the people of lustful sins, according to the Sunnah and the Ijmaa’ (consensus).”

– This is why the Salaf would say:

“Being moderate while upon the Sunnah is better than exerting oneself while upon Innovation.”

[This statement is reported from Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him. Refer to Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/188, no. 114), Al-Ibaanah (1/320, no. 161) and As-Sunnah of Ibn Nasr (30).]

Reference:
Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies – Shaykh Saalih-al-Fawzaan Pg. 31-32