Source: Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.2
Allaah – the Most High – said:
“Indeed those who say: Our Lord is Allaah, and then do istiqaamah (be upright and obedient) upon them shall be no fear, nor shall they grieve. Those will be the companions of Paradise, to dwell therein forever – a reward for what they used to do.” [Soorah Ahqaaf 46:13].
From Abu ‘Umar Sufyan ibn ‘Abdullaah radiallaahu ‘anhu, who said: O Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam! Tell me something about Islaam which I can ask of no one but you? So he said: “Say: My Lord is Allaah and then do istiqaamah (be upright).” Abu ‘Umar then asked him: O Messenger of Allaah! What do you fear that is the most harmful to me? So he took hold of his tongue and said: “Control this.” 1
Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq radiallaahu ‘anhu said, whilst explaining the meaning of the aayah (verse): “thereafter do istiqaamah“ said: “Not associating any partners in the worship of Allaah.” And he said: “Not turning to other than Him.”
Abul-’Aaliyah (d.90H) – rahimahullaah – said:
Qataadah (d.104H) – rahimahullaah – said:
Ibn Rajab (d.795H) – rahimahullaah – said: 3
Thus when the heart is firm and upright upon the ma’rifah (realisation and knowledge) of Allaah, and upon fear, veneration and awe of Him, and upon love, desire and hope in Him, calling upon Him, and repenting and turning away from everything besides Him – then the limbs will all follow in obedience to Him. This is because the heart is the king of the limbs and they are its army. So if the king is upright, then his army and subjects will be upright.
Then, after the heart, the greatest of the body-parts which takes care of one’s istiqaamah is the tongue – since the tongue is the translator of the heart and is its interpreter (i.e. the tongue is like a ladle which scoops-out what is in the heart). This is why, when the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam ordered Abu ‘Umar with istiqaamah, he then ordered him to safeguard his tongue.
The Prophet sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam also said:
And he sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam said:
1. Related by Muslim (no.31) and at-Tirmidhee (no.2535).