Riba (Interest) – Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi | Shaykh Salih Fawzan – Abu Muhammad Al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi (A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence)

This topic is covered in Volume 2 of the above Book

This is the weekly Monday evening class on the book Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi by Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan. We begin with the Book of Trade Transactions, Chapter 6: Riba.

You may download a copy of the original Arabic text here: الملخص الفقهي

As with all of our classes at Masjid Tawheed in Stone Mountain, GA, we encourage you to join us.  If you are not able to attend in person, please feel free to listen in via our Spreaker channel or our telelink line at 712-432-2856.

Part 01 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 43:32)

Part 02 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 40:57)

Part 03 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 46:55)

Part 04 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 57:10)

Part 05 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 47:21)

Part 06 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 45:12)

Posted fromhttp://followthesalaf.com/home/?tag=Al-Mulakhas+Al-Fiqhi

Impermissible for a Muslim to indulge in Trade after the 2nd Adhan of Jumu’ah – Shaykh Fawzan – Abu Muhammd al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 11:21)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/06/impermissible-for-a-muslim-to-indulge-in-trade-after-the-2nd-adhan-of-jumuah-shaykh-fawzan-abu-muhammd-al-maghribee.mp3]

This short benefit is extracted from the below lecture:

Prohibited Trade Transactions – Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi | Shaykh Fawzaan – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Allaah (The Most High) said:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا إِذَا نُودِيَ لِلصَّلَاةِ مِنْ يَوْمِ الْجُمُعَةِ فَاسْعَوْا إِلَىٰ ذِكْرِ اللَّهِ وَذَرُوا الْبَيْعَ ۚ ذَٰلِكُمْ خَيْرٌ لَكُمْ إِنْ كُنْتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

فَإِذَا قُضِيَتِ الصَّلَاةُ فَانْتَشِرُوا فِي الْأَرْضِ وَابْتَغُوا مِنْ فَضْلِ اللَّهِ وَاذْكُرُوا اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا لَعَلَّكُمْ تُفْلِحُونَ

”O you who believe (Muslims)! When the call is proclaimed for the Salat (prayer) on the day of Friday (Jumu’ah prayer), come to the remembrance of Allah [Jumu’ah religious talk (Khutbah) and Salat (prayer)] and leave off business (and every other thing), that is better for you if you did but know! Then when the (Jumu’ah) Salat (prayer) is finished, you may disperse through the land, and seek the Bounty of Allah (by working, etc.), and remember Allah much, that you may be successful.” [Soorah Al-Jum’ah. Aayaat 9-10]

Prohibited Trade Transactions – Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi | Shaykh Fawzaan – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi (A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence)

This is the weekly Monday evening class on the book Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi (A Summary of Islamic Jurisprudence) by Shaykh Salih al-Fawzan.

We continue with the Book of Trade Transactions, Chapter 2: Prohibited Trade Transactions

You may download a copy of the original Arabic text here: الملخص الفقهي

Part 01: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 49:09)

Part 02: Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 52:28)

As with all of our classes at Masjid Tawheed in Stone Mountain, GA, we encourage you to join us.  If you are not able to attend in person, please feel free to listen in via our Spreaker channel or our telelink line at 712-432-2856.

Posted fromhttp://followthesalaf.com/?tag=Al-Mulakhas+Al-Fiqhi

Read the below excellent e-Book
Forbidden Business Transactions : Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

Deceptively selling a product without informing the known defects of that product to the Buyer – Shaykh Salih Fawzan

And also from the business transactions that are forbidden is:

The Deceptive Sale, which is when you deceive your Muslim brother by selling him a product that has defects and you know about these defects yet you do not inform him about them.

So this kind of sale is not permissible and it is from deception, swindling and fraud. It is obligatory on the seller to make these defects clear to the seller and to let him know about them. But if he fails to inform him about them, then this is from deception and swindling, which Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) forbade in his saying:

The two persons conducting a business transaction are in a state of goodness for as long as they do not separate from one another. So if they are both honest and open with one another, they are blessed in their transaction. But if they lie and conceal (the truth) from one another, the blessing of their transaction is wiped out.

So it is obligatory upon us, O servants of Allaah, to be sincere.

Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “The Religion is sincerity, the religion is sincerity, the religion is sincerity.” They (the Companions) said: “To who O Messenger of Allaah?” He said: “To Allaah, to His Book, to His Messenger, to the Muslim leaders and the Muslim general masses.”

So the Muslim must be sincere. What is meant when one is sincere towards something is that he is free or absolved from certain things. So being sincere means being free from cheating (for example).

One time the Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) passed by a person selling some food in the marketplace who had his food in a pile. So the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) put his noble hand inside the pile of food and found some wet portions in the bottom of the pile. So he said: “What is this O owner of the food?” He said: “The sky has affected it” – meaning the rain has damaged some of it. So Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Then won’t you make it visible so that the people can see it? Whoever cheats us (i.e. swindles Muslims) is not from us.”

This hadeeth is considered one of the fundamental principles in conducting business transactions between the Muslims. So it is not permissible for a Muslim to conceal the defects. If his merchandise has a defect then he must make it visible so that the buyer sees it and is aware of it, and so that he could acquire the item for a price that is appropriate for this defect. He must not acquire the item for the price it would be if it were flawless, for then the seller would be deceiving, cheating, fooling and swindling, based on the saying of Allaah’s Messenger: “Then won’t you make it visible so that the people can see it? Whoever cheats us is not from us.”

So O servants of Allaah! How much of swindling do you see in these days? How many times do you see people placing the defective items in the bottom of the containers and cases while placing the good items on the top – whether vegetables or food items? They purposely put the defective item in the bottom while putting the flawless item on the top. This is trickery, which is done intentionally. We ask Allaah to pardon and forgive us and you, and that He make our rizq (sustenance) Halaal and that He make our earnings Halaal. And we ask Him to provide us from His vast Bounty.

O Allaah suffice us with what You have made Halaal over that which You made Haraam, and (suffice us) with Your Bounty over that of others besides You. And forgive us, have mercy on us and accept our repentance. Verily, You are the One who accepts Repentance, the Bestower of Mercy. And may the peace and blessings of Allaah be on Allaah’s Messenger.

This is Posted from eBook
Forbidden Business Transactions :  Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2014/01/27/forbiddenbusiness

[Fatwa: Transactions 03] – Permanent Committee

Permanent Committee Fatwas > Browse by volume number > The first group > Volume fifteen: (transactions 3)

Ruling on working for someone who deals in usury
Ruling on working in banks
Maintenance officials eating from meals to be served to plane passengers without obtaining permission
A woman working after learning medicine
Renting the commercial register in return for money
Hiring bulls for mating
The job of a female hairdresser
Working abroad
Religious commitment does not prevent earning a living
Leasing a rented building
Ruling on Naql Al-Qadam
Taking wages for reciting Qur’an
Taking fees for committing a Bid`ah, like earning one’s living through reciting the Qur’anand so on
Working in Journalism which Leads to Publishing and Promoting Evil
Education fees
The salary of a Mu’adhin
A specialist leasing their name
Negligent employees should pay for their negligence
Working for a person who rents apartments for people who commit abominable acts
Fee for performing circumcision
Taking fees for washing the dead
Obligation of the renter and the landlord to fulfill the contract
Paying wages to those who deserve it
Working full time in an additional job
Impermissibility of being absent or late for work without a valid excuse
Showing sincerity as an employee
Winning a bet
Prizes for competitors
Insurance
Ruling on car, cargo, workers and factory insurance
Car insurance against accidents
Ruling on commercial insurance and on personal belongings
Ruling on working as a promoter for a life insurance company
Ruling on money and different properties insurance
Borrowing from the real estate bank to build a house provided that it will be insured with an insurance company
Paying and insurance sum of money for the telephone company or the like
Buying a car provided that it will be insured
Ruling on commercial insurance
Insuring a Masjid
Money collected from an insurance company in return for damages in the store
The compensation received under the agreement of the commercial insurance if a person takes it out of ignorance of the Shari`ah ruling
Permissibility of insurance contracts in the light of Shari`ah
A company that rescues people when their cars break down anywhere
Working for an insurance company
The lawful types of insurance
The Cooperative Insurance Company and United Company for Installment Sale
Claiming the value of stolen commodity
Commercial health insurance
The Takaful Islamic Insurance Company
Medical insurance
Ruling on car and business insurance
The Shari‘ah ruling on health insurance
Permissibility of a Muslim living in non-Muslim countries having health insurance
Health insurance cards for students in America
Golden discount cards and VIP
Ramattan Project for Health Services
Organ and money insurance
Insuring treatment for all employees
Participating in a German company for retirement
Insurance on cars having accidents
Promoting Riba to make up for losses
Health insurance
`Ariyah
Al-Ghasb
Returning usurped money
Issues related to Ghasb
Deposit
Someone taking the money his friends entrust him to give to their families
Disposing of the bank’s usurious profits on trusted money
Ruling on the deposit that wears while with the depositor
An heirless depositor’s death
Ruling on `Awad when the borrowed item wears or is lost
Returning the money given without specifying the reason to the person’s heirs
Disposing of a worker’s entrusted wages after increasing it and being unable to find the worker
Giving the amount of the deposit away in behalf of its depositor
Spending the deposit
Giving in charity an amount her father gave her before his death to give to someone who could not be found
Disposing of an amount his father left him to return to someone who is unknown to him
Entrusting a deposit with another person
Making use of the deposit
Disposing of a deposit whose owner disappeared or died
A watchmaker having many watches for a long time whose owners did not come to take them
A watchmaker having many watches for a long time whose owners did not come to take them and who is closing the business
Entrusting a woman with a trust and upon asking for it, her husband denies having it
Wear of the deposit and the depositor’s forgiveness
A depositor’s death who has no known heirs
Someone entrusted with some money wasting it and the owner forgiving him
Permissibility of taking from a trust if the owner allows it
Wear of the deposit without the depositary’s negligence
Leaving a deposit for a long time
Two salesmen left a bag and ran away after asking about their ID cards
Someone died in the hospital leaving an amount of money and the clerk giving it away in behalf of the deceased after the heirs left it
Disposing of the contents of patients’ safes in hospitals especially those who die and have no known relatives or giving them to the social services department
Giving Luqatah in charity
Death of a depositor who has no known heirs
Death of a depositor who has heirs
Disposing of a trust
Ruling on not rendering back a trust
Rendering trusts back
Theft out of need
Denying theft
Not knowing the money owner
The money left with the depositor
Giving the deposit to the depositor’s heirs
A deposit as the right of the depositor’s heirs
Disposing of a trust
A deposit as the right of the depositor’s heirs
Giving the entrusted money to the depositor’s heirs
Revitalizing barren land
Ruling on the village pasture
Spreading mountain bees
The land the government grants to citizens
Luqatah
Spending Luqatah without announcing it
Ruling on Luqatah
Definition of Luqatah
Giving Luqatah in charity
Finding a Luqatah outside the Sacred Mosque during Hajj season
Finding some money at Mina and announcing it but without knowing the owner
Consumable items at company sites that are moved to another site
Ruling on disposing of the Luqatah
Announcing Luqatah in different ways
Disposing of missing objects in the university campus
Ruling on someone who finds money in a non-Muslim country
Ruling on objects cast out by sea
Taking a trivial Luqatah
Giving Luqatah in charity
Denying Luqatah
Giving the value of Luqatah in charity
Finding a Luqatah but being ignorant of the ruling
Buying a commodity from someone who found it on the road
Lost camels
Lost cows
Lost sheep

Source: alifta.com

[Fatwa: Transactions 02] – Permanent Committee

Permanent Committee Fatwas > Browse by volume number > The first group > Volume fourteen: (transactions 2)

Discount card at purchase or upon using some services

  1. “Bix” discount card
  2. Handicapped Identity Card
  3. The discount card issued by the Chamber of Commerce
  4. The teacher card
  5. School teachers’ Guide

Various questions about ill-gotten money

  1. Paying the price of a sold item or giving it away
  2. Repaying debt to its owner or giving it away
  3. Returning the rest of the price to the seller after denying receiving it
  4. Taking money to start a business but spending it
  5. Tawbah, seeking forgiveness and returning ill-gotten money
  6. Returning ill-gotten money to its rightful owners
  7. The station attendents
  8. Benefitting from ill-gotten money
  9. Returning money to its owner to be free from guilt
  10. The money of a Muslim is not lawful for his brother except by his consent
  11. Disposing of ill-gotten money by giving it in charity
  12. prohibition of eating what is unlawful
  13. Visiting someone who earns unlawful money
  14. Prohibition of eating ill-gotten money
  15. Earning ill-gotten money and then repenting to Allah
  16. Children eating from their father’s ill-gotten money
  17. A father eating from his son’s ill-gotten money
  18. Working as a hairdresser for women and eating from earned money
  19. Giving the wages in charity in behalf of its owner
  20. Giving the right in charity in behalf of its owner when it is hard to find him
  21. Repaying debts before getting married
  22. Giving the wages in charity in behalf of the owner
  23. Giving the wages in charity in behalf of the absent owner
  24. Giving someone’s right in charity in behalf of the owner
  25. Being invited to a banquet or party at a bank dealing in Riba
  26. Giving a debt in charity in behalf of the owner with his consent
  27. Returning money that fell from a thief
  28. Getting rid of ill-gotten money and abstaining from dealing in a prohibited type of transaction
  29. Giving the money in charity in behalf of the owner
  30. Tawbah and abstaining from dealing with banks
  31. Performing Tawbah from dealing in Riba while having unfinished businesses with people
  32. Mixing with and accepting gifts from people dealing with usurious banks
  33. Taking money from the Charity organization and disposing of it
  34. Taking from donations, charity and Zakah money
  35. Making profits from exploiting a land without its owner’s permission
  36. Using the company car for the benefit of the work not for personal purposes
  37. Taking sugar with the company’s permission and using it
  38. Getting rid of ill-gotten money by spending it in charity
  39. Inheriting money mixed with unlawful money
  40. Performing Tawbah and getting rid of money gained from trading in drugs
  41. prohibition of a Muslim having ill-gotten earnings
  42. Working in a store that sells and rents videos
  43. Buying and wearing clothes with an ill-gotten money
  44. Earning living from selling obscene pictures and videos
  45. Getting rid of the profits of a cafe that offers prohibited drinks
  46. Inability to know the owner of the money a deceased had borrowed
  47. Owning smoothing unrightfully and inability to pay to its owner
  48. Debt as a price to an unlawful item
  49. Looking for the lender to repay debt
  50. Hastening to repay one’s debts is to be given priority over giving Sadaqah
  51. Taking money without its owner’s permission and consent
  52. Looking for the rightful owner and returning the right or giving the right in charity in behalf of the owner
  53. Spending ill-gotten money and singling out a son with gifts
  54. Being free from guilt by returning the additional money to its owner
  55. Looking for the owners of rights and repaying them or giving the right in charity in behalf of them
  56. Delivering debt to the deceased’s heirs
  57. Someone claiming to be an agent and selling a commodity then wishing to return the right
  58. Delaying repaying the debts of the deceased

Selling the trees and the fruits

  1. Selling dates and grapes before appearing to be ripe
  2. Sellign figs before they appear to be edible
  3. Renting coconut trees
  4. Selling dates before pollination
  5. Selling dates on palm-trees
  6. Buying crops a long time before harvest
  7. Buying buildings to make profit by renting them out
  8. Selling watermelon before it is ripe

Chapter on Salam Transactions

  1. A loan whose commodity will be delivered on a fixed date
  2. The borrower’s delay in repaying debt
  3. Salam sale for cars
  4. Salam sale for a known car, price and time
  5. Salam sale for a car
  6. Selling a deferred commodity for something that is deferred
  7. Salam sale
  8. Permissibility of offering someone money provided that he will repay it in the form of a car
  9. Selling of food before receiving it
  10. Getting paid for gas by the contractor
  11. Giving someone money in return for getting the latest model of a car after a while
  12. Knowing the amount of the item being paid to in advance at the time of contracting
  13. Salam sale
  14. Agreeing to give in return for money honey from a certain bee-keeper

Chapter on Loans

  1. Borrowing gold
  2. Forms ofborrowing from the Agricultural Bank
  3. Borrowing from a Real Estate Development Fund
  4. Building by a loan to be repaid from future rent
  5. Taking a specific amount of barely for cultivation and returning the same amount
  6. Combining between lending and donating
  7. Loan given by the girl’s father to the prospective husband
  8. Deferring the repayment of the loan
  9. Some forms of sale at car fairs
  10. Borrowing from an Employee Loan Fund
  11. Repaying a debt in a different currency
  12. Borrowing a currency whose value changes before repayment
  13. Repaying a loan

Chapter on Mortgage

  1. Pawning a check
  2. Mortgaging agricultural land
  3. The mortgager making use of the pawned
  4. Exploiting mortgages in return for a loan
  5. Exploiting the pawned land in return for the mortgage
  6. Selling the mortgage

Chapter on Guaranty and Warranty

  1. Guaranty
  2. Kafalah
  3. Guaranteeing a person who takes a loan from the bank

Chapter on reconciliation

  1. Reconciliation and taking some money
  2. Binding one of the parties in a reconciliation to offer a sacrifice
  3. Reconciling honorable and knowledgeable people in what does not negate Shari`ah
  4. Reconciliation provided that the mistaken party offers food for the other
  5. Gathering on food for reconciliation
  6. The family of the person killed stipulating in the reconciliation to marry two girls from the killer family

Chapter on Hajr

  1. A guardian disposing of a minor’s property
  2. A guardian is responsible in front of the ruler for disposing of a minor’s property
  3. A guardian disposing of a minor’s property
  4. A grown-up sane woman disposing of her property
  5. Disposing of the money of those living under the social care
  6. Liability of a mentally ill person in matters of worship and life
  7. When a youngster becomes a Mukallaf
  8. Investing the orphans’ money
  9. The duration of orphanhood

Chapter on Wakalah

  1. Impermissibility of the agent taking any amount of the price without the owner’s permission
  2. The special discount for company representatives
  3. A bank authorization to receive the dues
  4. Those in charge of the organization leaving the one who caused damage
  5. Taking wages for collecting debts
  6. Those responsible for distributing money taking nothing for themselves
  7. The agent abiding by the orders of the authorizer
  8. Impermissibility of the agent taking anything from the owner’s money without his permission
  9. The agent abiding by the price fixed by the authorizer
  10. The agent taking nothing from the owner’s commodity
  11. The agent cannot buy for himself
  12. An agent providing a higher invoice for his benefit
  13. Impermissibility of taking the addition if the agent sells with a higher price than that fixed by the owner
  14. Representatives are in a position of trust during disputes
  15. An agent giving a bribe
  16. Hastening to distribute money among the poor when authorized to do so
  17. Taking wages for being an agent

Chapter on partnership

  1. A Chapter on Sharakah
  2. The obligation ofrendering trusts back between partners
  3. Assigning a fixed percentage of the profits to be distributed among shareholders
  4. Money collected under the company’s name as its sole right and is not to be taken
  5. Sharing with one’s name in a company in return for a percentage of the profit
  6. One must know the transactions of a company before buying shares in it
  7. Withdrawing from a partnership that deals in unlawful transactions
  8. Father in partnership with some of his children
  9. `Inan Partnership
  10. Mudarabah partnership

Chapter on sharecropping and shared-tenancy

  1. The sharecropping contract between a landowner and a farmer
  2. Leasing agricultural land
  3. Reward of planting during the life
  4. Those benefitting from cultivation lending the farmer
  5. Renting the land out for a fixed amount of money
  6. Renting agricultural land

Leasing

  1. An agent selling the commodity for a higher price than that fixed by the honor and taking the addition
  2. Subcontracting and making gains
  3. Bringing workers and renting them
  4. Renting the taxi’s license number
  5. Taking money from workers in return for bringing them
  6. Ruling on taking a percentage from brought workers
  7. Hiring non-Muslims
  8. Bringing maidens
  9. Bringing workers and denying all their rights
  10. Bringing a servant to help the wife
  11. Hiring a non-Muslim
  12. Hiring a non-Muslim servant
  13. Contracting with a Kafir
  14. Someone hiring an alcoholic person who abandons prayer
  15. Forcing a worker to leave his money behind
  16. Bringing Kafirs to the Arabian Peninsula to work
  17. Abiding by established office hours even when no work is to be done
  18. Agreeing with a contractor to build and be paid after a while
  19. Butcher’s wage
  20. The heir’s agent’s right in reducing the wages
  21. Asking an employee to work overtime while having no task to be done
  22. Working or hiring people for an organization that works in or sells prohibited commodities
  23. Working in hotels that sell prohibited commodities
  24. Working or hiring people for an organization that works in or sells prohibited commodities
  25. A Muslim serving a Kafir

Source : alifta.com

 

[Fatwa: Transactions 01] – Permanent Committee

Permanent Committee Fatwas > Browse by volume number > The first group > Volume thirteen: (transactions 1)

Buyu (Transactions)

Sale Contract

Mentioning the two parties in the sale contract
Basics of economy in Islam

Hadith of entering markets

Selling an object to one’s children

Woman as a trader

Buying from non-Muslims when Muslim traders are present

What should be done with excess samples taken for the quality assurance of imported goods

Kinds of lawful transactions

Conditions of Sale

Mutual agreement in a sale
Selling prohibited items

Selling dogs

Selling monkeys

Selling cassette tapes

Entertainment Devices

Selling Flowers

Payment for blood donors

Selling a Najis article

Buying illustrated magazines

Selling visas

Ceding one’s rights to another person

Buying the crop yield for the next few years

Majhul sale

Credit sale and specifying the rate of profit

An urbanite selling to a Bedouin and receiving caravans
Brokerage

`Urbun sale

`Inah Sale

Selling by installments

Selling to a fixed time
Selling a commodity for a fixed time even if its price increases
Selling a commodity for a deferred price for more than the current cash price

Someone asking the other to buy him a commodity for cash money and then selling it back with a deferred price

Installment sale

Borrowing to trade

Buying in installments and having to pay insurance money
Selling after owning and having an item
Delaying the payment and delivery in a concluded sale
Buying books by installments

Difference between sale in installments and Tawarruq

Tawarruq and its ruling

Sale in immediate and deferred installments

Selling with a deferred price more than the immediate price

Substituting old commodities with new ones for some money

Financing a company to build a house with materials it does it own

Repaying debt before it is due with a reduction

Payment of debts

Procrastination in repaying debts

Repaying debt with the currency prevailing at the time of sale

Monopolization and pricing

Copyrights on tapes

Conditions in selling

Two sales in one
Combining two sale contracts
Buying a house from someone and stipulating that the seller should rent part of the house

Differed sale and stipulating that the buyer pays one Sa` of barely for each Dirham when the time is due

Selling the share in a company for some commodities

Selling a car in installments and stipulating receiving the buyer’s service

Offering a commodity for two prices and departing without picking one

A seller writing, “We do not replace sold goods nor return their price.”

Option sale

The buyer’s ownership of the commodity even if before registration
Telling the buyer the truth about the sold item

Informing the buyer of the sold item’s defect even if little

Selling a commodity bought with a defect

Buying without saying the defect of the sold item

An employee and contractor agreeing to record false amounts of water

Mentioning the sold item’s repairs

Selling a land whose owner was forbidden from starting a project on it

The seller hiding a defect that reduces the price of the commodity

Selling vegetables in wholesale knowing farmers cheat in them

Putting good fruits above bad ones

Gathering and packing the sold items under a reputable factory’s name

Putting good fruits above bad ones
Ripening semi-dry dates artificially

A seller mentioning the defaults to the seller

Selling a parked car without stating its problems

Washing an exported sheep to make the buyers believe it is local

Selling pornography
Swindling

Selling the food remaining in a restaurant against the rules

Obligations of the two parties in a sale

Using a substance that makes buyers think figs are ripe

Stuffing the box of fruits with paper to make the buyer think it is full

Informing the buyer about the reduction of the weight of the bag

Bakeries reducing the weight of the loaf of bread

A butcher including the weight of the bag

Sincerity about the price of the commodity

Selling what is not owned

Selling something before owning it
The seller owning the sold item
Selling before or after buying
Validity of giving a promise to buy before actual buying

A man selling a land which he does not possess

A man selling what he does not own and then repenting and failing to find the buyers

A Muslim selling something before receiving and possessing it

Buying a car and selling it after possessing it

Fixing the profits’ rate

Selling a car before owning it

permissibility of selling after receiving the item

Selling the car to its first owner with a less price

The money paid for writing a Notification of clearance

The meaning of debt mentioned towards the end of Surah Al-Baqarah

The proper way of selling cars for deferred payment within a year or by installments

Facilitate the process of a debt

Selling what is not possessed

Borrowing a car from someone who does not own it, writing a contract and paying the money in the same meeting

Buying a car from the agency and selling it without moving it
Selling some Dirhams with cash for more Dirhams on credit

getting some furniture from another store and selling it the the buyer

Buying a land from a trader and selling it to him again in installments
Tawarruq and selling a commodity before buying it

The car agency owner selling a car without a plate or form and the buyer selling it as a debt before receiving it

Selling a commodity to someone after agreeing with another and giving the first a sum of money in return

Tawarruq and selling a debt for what is not owned

Buying and selling a commodity before paying its price

Having the custom’s clearance is not considered as receiving or owning the commodity

Conditions for owning a commodity

Wakalah in buying and selling a commodity before receiving it

A trader selling a commodity which he does not own and then going to the market to buy it

Riba

The difference between Riba and bribery
Reasons behind prohibiting Riba

There are seventy-three forms of Riba

Items regarding which Riba is prohibited

Riba for the lender and the borrower

Opinions regarding bank interests

Selling an animal for an animal of the same or different weight

Selling what does not have a weight for a similar type of the same or different weight

Selling cloth a meter for two meters
Selling coffee for deferred wheat
Selling salt for debt
Selling gems for gems of the same or different weight

Selling an old car for a new one with a difference in price

Exchanging a known car for an unknown one

Receiving monthly salaries from banks

Selling animals according to their weight

Selling chicken alive according to weight and selling vinegar which includes alcohol

Dealing in usurious transactions with a justification

Dealing in Riba in a society accustomed to it
Consuming Riba for a necessity

Usurious borrowing to buy a land and pray in it

Dr. Muhammad Rawwas’s suggestion regarding bank deposits

Guarantee of borrowing from the bank

Witnessing a Riba-based contract

Selling shares

Purchase of Promissory Notes

Riba Al-Nasi’ah

Difference between Riba Al-Fadl and Riba Al-Nasi’ah
Selling cash Dirhams for more deferred Dirhams

Buying a house in a way involving Riba

Selling checks and bills

Paying an amount on behalf of the buyer to get more from him after the fixed time

Selling deferred bills of Sawami` company to the bank for a part of their value

Additions due to delay

A charity organization stipulating the tenant pays 10% for delaying the payment of rent
The addition paid by the buyer for delay of payment
The addition paid for delay of payment
Selling a debt for a debt

Depositing

Depositing money in banks for a fixed profit
Depositing money in the bank without taking an interest

Depositing money in the bank while being capable of keeping it safe

An accountant for a foreign bank

Working in banks

Depositing and borrowing from banks

Cooperating with the bank for a commission
Depositing money in banks dealing in Riba out of fear

Bank interests and prizes

Opening a bank account, transferring money and conducting business through it

The interest that is taken by banks from borrowers

Depositing money of underage children in a bank dealing in interest

Asking for the interests of depositing money in the bank

Depositing money in the bank out of fear

Disposing of bank interest for deposited money

Taking bank interests on the plea of spending them on the poor

Disposing of bank interests

Spending usurious benefits on the poor

Renting a bank safe

Using a sum of the borrowed money in trade

Investing charity money in the bank

Paying acquired bank interests in return for required interests

Someone having no trade depositing money in the bank

Depositing money in the bank without taking the interest

Balance coverage commission

A new convert paying to the bank its dues before entering islam

Depositing money in the bank to cover the children’s education expenses

Investing in an Islamic bank

Depositing cash at Al-Rajhy Company

Taking Riba to pay the taxes

The bank adding points to those who deposit in it and paying money for these points

Depositing and borrowing from banks

Selling a banknote to the bank

Money transfer through the bank
Selling Dirhams for Dirhams

Paying taxes from usurious interests

Taking a loan without an interest and paying an interest in case of repayment delay

Dealing with Islamic banks following banks dealing in Riba

Al-Bir charity organization opening a bank account

Depositing in banks dealing in Riba in case of necessity

Al-Bir charity organization opening a bank account

Taking usurious interests from the bank on deposited money in the form of money or privileges

Dealing with more than one bank in case of necessity
Depositing the organization’s money in the bank provided that the bank donates for the organization

Taking a usurious loan from the bank to build a house

Taking a usurious loan from the bank to start a business

Taking a usurious loan from the bank for marriage

Having no other way but to deal in Riba due to dire need

Borrowing to start a business

Profits of the bank’s shareholders

Borrowing from the bank to repay debt

Being forced to take a loan from commercial banks

Disposing of the interest added by the bank to the deposited amount without the owner asking for it

Are interests considered Riba?
Disposing of usurious interests after repenting from taking them

The bank taking the building expenses and an addition

Taking usurious interests to get ready for marriage

Separating money and its profits from its interests

Interests of investment banks
Borrowing from the bank without consuming Riba

Guarantee of the borrower

Borrowing from the bank without consuming Riba

Loans of the industrial bank
Borrowing from the bank without consuming Riba

Money saving

Payment of the price

Giving payment hand to hand
Selling dollars for riyals in installments and different periods

Repaying debt in another currency

Repaying debt in the same currency no matter its value increased or decreased

Buying gold with Dirhams

Buying and selling currencies

Deferred currency trade

Riba in banknotes

Currency exchange

Selling money in the black market

Taking the money owner’s permission before lending it
Money trade
Currency trade
Exchanging money hand to hand

Currency exchange

Using checks for obtaining international currencies

Buying money for the delivery date’s price

Transferring money from one country to another

Paying with checks instead of money

Banks selling the travelers check

Banks trading in currencies
Money exchange
Exchanging the local currency for a foreign one
Taking commission for currency exchange

Saving dollars fearing other currencies might be affected by the riyal’s decreasing value

Buying currencies according to Al-Khayar contract

Buying coin riyals with paper riyals with a difference
Buying a currency in full

Leaving one another before delivering the exchanged amount in full

Money exchange and payment

Buying a commodity with a currency and receiving the change in another currency

Exchanging Saudi coins for foreign paper money

Difference in dollar price

Selling gold

Exchange as a condition of selling gold
Selling used gold to and buying new gold from the same trader

Buying gold from a wholesale trader in installments

Buying gold to trade on it
Exchanging gold for gold
Selling gold to stores in a less price

Paying the price of gold and silver when writing the contract

Engraving the name of Allah on gold jewelry

Selling gold with the glass stones on it

Paying the value of gold a period after concluding the sale contract

Borrowing to buy gold and delaying payment of the price or part of it

Buying gold through the phone

Buying gold and not having enough money borrowing to pay

Buying gold with a down payment

Buying gold bearing some pictures

Selling used gold for new one

Selling used gold as new after processing it

Leaving the price of gold with the buyer as a trust after selling it

Selling gold for silver without exchanging them in the same seat

Reserving the amount of gold to buy by phone

Pawning gold for silver

Selling gold after consulting one’s family

Selling gold under the condition that the buyer counsels with others before signing the contract

Sellign gold made for men

Saving gold

Selling golden jewelry without exchange

Selling gold on credit whether the deferred payment is all or part of the value

Taking a fee for making gold

Seeking lawful earnings through trading in lawful sales

Receiving the price of sold gold in the same gathering

Paying for gold with a check

Selling gold for gold in the same gathering

Buying or selling gold in return for bank checks

Helping a women wear the gold she is buying

Wakalah in selling gold
Exchanging gold for gold
Selling gold for gold without exchange in the gathering
Hiring people to extract gems

Exchanging bracelets with smaller ones and paying the difference in price
The ruling on Riba

Using credit card to pay for gold

Equality of weight and exchange in the same gathering when selling gold for gold

Shareholding in Riba-based banks

Shareholding in the Saudi American Bank
Giving the usurious interest in charity

Buying shares in banks which do not deal in Riba

Holding shares in companies and banks

Saving

The electricity company saving system
Participating in Aramco savings system

Aramco savings system

Money prizes on savings
Spending usurious interests in doing good deeds but not in Masjids

Employees’ Saving Fund

Credit cards and borrowing money from banks

A company issued card for employees to use when buying a commodity
The borrower paying an amount of the loan when delaying repayment

Stipulating the payment of usurious interests upon delay in repaying the financial card

Using Samba visa card

Using the silver and gold credit cards

A card that transfers the money from the buyer’s account to the seller’s immediately

source: alifta.com

Ahadeeth Pertaining to Transactions, Earnings & Zuhd – Shaykh al Albaani

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part A

1 – 1189 – From Abul-Darda who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came out to us while we were talking about poverty and we feared it. So the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Is it poverty that you fear?! I swear by Him in whose Hand is my life; the world will be excessively poured upon you, to the extent that one of your hearts will not excessively deviate except due to the Dunyaa. Verily I swear by Allaah that I indeed left you upon clarity, its night and day are equal.’

Abul- Darda said:

‘I swear by Allaah – that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam left us, – I swear by Allaah – upon clarity. Its night and day are equal.’

No. 688

2- 1190 – From ‘Aeysha that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid to Umm Hani:

‘Acquire sheep since indeed they have blessings.’

No. 773

3 – 1192 – From Mahmood bin Labeed from the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘There are two things, which the son of Adam dislikes: he dislikes death, and death is better for a believer than Fitna (trials and tribulations).  He dislikes having a little wealth, however, having a little wealth is lesser in taking into account.’

No. 813

4 – 1193 – From a man from the al-Ansaar who said: ‘we went with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam for a funeral for a man from the Ansaar. When we had finished from it, we met a person who was inviting people for a woman of the Quraish, who said: ‘Indeed such and such woman invites you and those with you to have some food. So the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- went and sat down and we also sat down with him and the food was brought, the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- placed his hand in the food and the people placed their hands in the food.  They looked at the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and the food was in his mouth but he did not swallow the food, so they moved their hands away so they could see what the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam was going to do. Then the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- took that morsel of food and spat it out and said:

‘I find that the meat of this sheep was taken without permission of its owner, feed it to the prisoners.’

No. 754

5 – 1194 – From Abu Humaid as-Sa’idee who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Be comprehensive in your search / seeking for the Dunyaa; since everyone is created for what is easy for him.’

No. 898

6 – 1196 – From Mus’ab bin Sa’ad who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Be careful of the Dunyaa since it is green and sweet.’

No. 910

7 – 1197 – From Zeyaad bin al-Hussain, from his father Hussain bin Qayys that he carried some food to Madinah, and he met the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said to him:

‘What are you carrying O Bedouin?’

He answered: ‘Wheat.’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- asked:

‘What do you intend to do with this?’

He replied: ‘I intend to sell it; and the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- stroked my head and said:

‘Be good to what the Bedouin sells.’

No. 3235

8- 1198 – From Jabir who said: My aunt was given the third divorce. She went out to cut fruit from a date tree which belonged to her.  She met a man on the way who prohibited her from doing so.  So she came to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and she mentioned that to him, so he said to her:

‘Go out and cut fruit from your date tree, perhaps you will give Sadaqah from it or you will do some good.’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- has said this to a woman who had been given the third divorce, and she was in her waiting period (after the final divorce).’

No. 723

9 – 1199 – From Abu Hurairah – Radi Allaahu anhu – from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Fulfil the trust to the one who entrusts you, and do not cheat/ deceive the one who deceives you.’

No. 423

Part B

10 – 1200 – From Uthmaan bin ‘Affan who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Allaah enters a person in to Paradise, who used to be easy going when buying and selling, when he pays back a debt and when he reclaims a debt.’

No. 1181

11- 1205 – From Ibn Abbas that the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-prohibited the money from alcohol, the dowry of a prostitute and the cost of a dog, and he said:

‘If a person comes to you requesting the cost of a dog then fill his palm with dirt.’

No. 1303

12 – 1207 – From Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘From the four things that Allaah hates are: A seller who continuously swears/takes oaths when selling his goods, a poor proud person, an old adulterer and an oppressive leader.’

No. 363

13 – 1208 – From Sahl bin Saad Al-Sa’adi Radi Allaahu anhu,who said:
A man came to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah, direct me to an act which, if I do it, [will cause] Allaah to love me and people to love me.’ He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Have Zuhd (abstinence) of the world and Allaah will love you, and abstain from what people possess and people will love you.’

No. 944

14- 1209 – From Anas who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-and said: ‘Indeed I love you.’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to him:

‘Prepare for poverty/the awakening.’

No.2827

15 – 1210 – From Sa’eed bin Abee Sa’eed al-Khudri from his father: that he complained to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam about his needs, so the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Be patient Abu Sa’eed! Indeed poverty comes to the one who loves me from among you quicker than a stream flows from the highest point of a valley and from the highest part of the mountain to its bottom part.’

No. 2828

16 – From Rafa’ bin Khadeej who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam was asked: which earnings are the best?’

He answered:

‘The best earnings are the actions of a man with his own hand and every transaction has no doubts in it or deception.’

No. 607

17 – 1214 – From Ibn Mas’ood who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed Allaah made all of the Dunyaa something little, and what remains is a little of a little, and the example of what remains of the Dunyaa is the like of a stream where the pure/clear water is drank and what is left is impurity/dirt/mud.’

No. 1625

18 – From Abu Waqid al-Laythee who said: We used to visit the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-  when the revelation would come to him and he would narrate to us.  So he said to us that day:

‘Indeed Allaah –Azza wa Jal – said: Indeed We have sent down wealth so the prayer can be established and for giving Zakat.  If the son of Adam had a valley indeed he would love to have a second valley, and if he had two valleys he would love to add a third one to them. Nothing fills the mouth of the son of Adam except dirt/soil, then Allaah turns to the one who repents.’

No. 1639

Part C

19 – 1216 – From ‘Aeysha from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:
‘Indeed Allaah loves that if one of you does an action, he perfects it.’
No. 1113
20 – 1217 – From Abu Hurairah that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
‘Indeed Allaah loves generosity and being easy in selling, generosity and being easy in buying and generosity and being easy in giving judgements.’
No. 899
21 – 1220 – From Ibn Ubayd bin Rafa’ah who said: that he went out with the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- to the prayer place, and he saw the people buying and selling and he said: ‘O you businessmen!’
He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- continued:
‘Indeed businessmen will be gathered on the Day of Judgement as evil people; except for the one who feared Allaah and did good deeds and gave charity.’
No. 1458
22 – 1222 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that he said:
‘Indeed the Prophet Dawood -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would not eat except from what he had earned with his own hand.’
No. 3527
23 – 1223 – From Kholah bint Qays the wife of Hamzah bin AbdulMuttalib that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- entered upon Hamzah and started to discuss the Dunyaa. Then the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:
‘Indeed the world/Dunyaa is gentle, green and sweet, whoever takes it rightfully/truthfully is blessed in it. And perhaps the one who delves into spending [incorrectly] the wealth of Allaah and the wealth of His Messenger then he has nothing except the fire on the Day he meets Allaah.’
No. 1592
24 – 1224 – From Abu Sa’eed al-Khudri from the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:
‘Indeed the Dunyaa is green and sweet, and indeed Allaah has appointed you as leaders in it; so He can see what you do, so fear the Dunyaa and fear women, since the first Fitna/trial of Banu Israel was about women.’
No. 911
25 – 1225- From Uqbah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:
‘Indeed your Lord is amazed by a young person who does not have an inclination to his desires.’
No. 2843

26 – 1226 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:
‘Indeed there was a man who used to sell alcohol in his ship and he used to mix the alcohol with water, he had a monkey who took his money bag and climbed the mast, and began throwing a Dinar into the sea and another one on to the ship until he had halved it.’
No. 2844
27 – 1228 – From Abul-Khair who said: ‘Maslamah bin Makhlad – he was a governor of Misr – was presented to Roowayfah bin Thaabit to govern a certain tax, who said:
‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- say:
‘Indeed the person who takes taxes other than Zakat unjustly is in the fire.’
No. 3405

Part D

28 – 1228 – From Anas Radi Allaahu anhu from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘If the final hour comes and one of you has a small date-palm plant in his hand, and you can plant it before you stand then plant it.’

No. 9

29 – From Mu’aawiyah bin Abee Sufyaan who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say:

‘Indeed what remains of the Dunyaa is trials and Fitna.  Indeed the example of an action [i.e. final action in the Dunyaa] of one of you is like that of a vessel, if the top of it is good the bottom of it is good.  And if the top of it is spoilt then the bottom of it is spoilt.’

No. 1734

30 – 1230 – From Abu Musa from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Indeed this Dinar and Dirham destroyed those before you, and the Dinar and Dirham will destroy you.’

No. 1703

31 – 1233 – From Yahya bin Ja’adah said: a group of people from the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah visited Khabbab.  They said: ‘Receive glad tidings O Abu Abdullaah! You will find/meet Muhammad -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- at the Hawd(fountain in Paradise).’

He said: ‘What about this or that,’ and he pointed to the ceiling and to the bottom of his house, then he said that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Indeed the provisions which suffice one of you from the Dunya are the provisions that are sufficient for a traveller.’

No. 1716

32 – 1234 – From ‘Awn bin Abu Juhayfah, who said: that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed the Dunya will be unfolded/opened for you, so much so that you will furnish/beautify your houses just like the Ka’abah is beautified.

We said: ‘And will we be upon the Deen that we are upon today?’

He answered:

‘And you will be upon the Deen that you are upon today.’

We said: ‘Will we be upon goodness today, or on that day?’

He said:

‘Rather you are upon goodness today.’

No. 2486

33 – 1236 – From Karz bin Alqama from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Any people of a household, whether they are from the Arabs or non-Arabs, for whom Allaah intends good, He enters Islaam upon them, then the Fitn (trials & tribulations) occur as if they were a shade.’

No. 51

34 – 1237 – From ‘Urwah al-Barqi from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Camels are an honour for their people, and sheep are blessings and goodness is linked to the forelocks of horses until the Day of Judgement.’

No. 1763

35 – 1239 – From Abu Sa’eed who said: ‘A Bedouin passed by with a sheep, so I said: will you sell it for three Dirham?’

He said: ‘No, I swear by Allaah.’

But then he sold it. So I mentioned this to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and he said:

‘He sold his Hereafter for the sake of Dunyaa.’

No. 364

36 – 1241 – From Ibn Umar who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The truthful, trustworthy Muslim businessman will be with the Prophets, the truthful and the martyrs on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 3453

Part E

37 – 1253 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The rectification of the first part of this Ummah was with Zuhd and Yaqeen (certainty), and the destruction of the last part of this Ummah is with miserliness and desires.’

No. 3427

38 – 1242 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

‘There are three that are sinful: the earnings of the one who performs al-Hijama, the dowry of the prostitute, and the price of a dog; except the hunting dog.’

No. 2990

39 – 1254 – From Ibn Abbas from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Iblees said: You have clarified the Rizq (provision) for all Your creation; so where is myRizq?’

Allaah Ta’ala said: ‘Of that upon which My name is not mentioned.’

No. 708

40 – 1245 – From Ibn Abbas who said:

‘A man came to Umar asking him for wealth. Umar began looking him up and down. Umar said to him: ‘Why are you so miserable? How much wealth do you own?’

He replied: ‘Forty camels.’

Ibn Abbas said: ‘Allaah and His Messenger have spoken the truth: ‘If the son of Adam possessed two valleys full of gold he would seek for a third valley.  Nothing fills the insides of the son of Adam except soil.  Allaah turns to the one who repents.’

Umar said: ‘What is this?’

So I said: ‘this is how Ubayy taught me how to say it.’

Umar said: ‘Take us to him.’

So we came to Ubayy; Umar said to Ubayy: ‘Look at what he says.’

Ubayy said: ‘This is how the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam taught me how to read this.’

No. 2909

41 – 1246 – From al-Hasan who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The best provision is that which is sufficient.’

No. 1834

42 – 1247 – From Abdullaah bin Hanthala ar-Rahib from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘A man uses a Dirham from interest – while he knows it – is more severe to Allaah than committing Zina (adultery) thirty-six times.’

No. 1033

43 – 1256 – From Anas who said: ‘There were two brothers at the time of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, one of whom would come to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- [in another narration: He would attend the speeches of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and his gatherings.] the other brother had a skill and worked, and he complained to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- about his brother saying: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! Indeed my brother does not help me with anything.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Perhaps you are provided with provision due to him.’

No. 2769

44 – 1251 – From Umar bin Sa’ad who said: ‘I had a need to be taken care of from Abu Sa’ad [Abu Hayyaan narrated from a group of people who said:] Umar bin Sa’ad had a need to be taken care of from his father, and before mentioning his need he said something which the people used to say, which he had not heard before, so when he finished talking he said: ‘O my son! Have you finished what you wanted to request from me?’

He said: ‘Yes.’

His father said: ‘I was not far away from what you needed, and I was not one to abandon you since the time that I heard you say this, I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying:

‘There were will be a people who will eat with their tongues just like a cow eats from the earth.’ [i.e. boastful in their speech]

No. 419

45 – 1252 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘A man becomes old and his body becomes weak, but his heart remains young for two things: a long life and love of wealth.’

No. 1906

Part F

46 – 1243 – From Abdullaah bin Abbas who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The earnings from alcohol are Haraam, the dowry of a prostitute is haram, the earnings from a dog are Haraam, the drum is Haraam, and if the owner of a dog come seeking the cost of it then fill his hand with dust.  Alcohol, gambling and every intoxicant is Haraam.’

No. 1806

47 – 1250 – From al-Bara bin ‘Aazib from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

Riba (interest) has seventy-two levels; the lowest form is like a man having intercourse with his mother.  The severest form of Riba is when a man arrogantly abuses his brother’s honour.’

No. 1871

48 – 1255 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aas from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Whoever accepts Islaam has been successful, and he has been provided with that which is sufficient, and Allaah has made that person satisfied with what He has given him.’

No. 129

49 – 1240 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘There was a man walking in a field, when he heard the sound of thunder in some clouds, and he heard some speech in the clouds: ‘Irrigate so and so’s – mentioned by name – garden.’ The cloud then came to that area which was of volcanic remains of lava and it let out the rain it contained, then it came to trails of water until it stopped at a riverbed and the cloud took up some water.  The man followed the cloud until it reached another person who was standing in his own garden and irrigating it.  So the first man said: ‘O slave of Allaah what is your name?’

He said: ‘Why do you ask?’

The man replied: ‘Indeed I heard in this cloud from which is this rain; ‘water so and so’s garden’ with your name, so what is it that you do with it once you have cultivated the land?’

He said: ‘If you say that is the case, then indeed what I do is divide it into three pats, I make one third for me and my family, a third I return back into the garden and a third I place for the impoverished, the needy and the wayfarer.’

No. 1197

50 – 1257 – From an-Nu’maan who said:

‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would not be able to find that which would fill his stomach except dry spoiled dates while he would be hungry.’

No. 2106

51 – 1258 – From Ibn Abbas from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that:

‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and his family would go through continuous nights going to sleep hungry, not being able to find supper.  Most of their bread would be made of barley.’

No. 2119

52 – 1259 – From Anas bin Malik:

‘The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- used to be invited to eat barley bread and food cooked using oil that had become rancid and he would respond to the invite.’

No. 2129

53 – 1260 – From Ibn Umar who said: A man burped/belched in front the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Stop your belching in front of us since indeed many of those people who have filled their appetites in the Dunyaa will be those who will be hungry for along time on the Day of Judgement.’

No. 343

54 – 1261 – From Abu al-Bakhtari who said: ‘I heard a Hadeeth from a man, which I really liked, so I said: ‘Write it down for me.’ So it was brought written [precisely with diacritical points]. Al-Abbas and Ali entered upon Umar, while Talha, az-Zubayr, AbdurRahman and Sa’ad and they were debating, so Umar said to Talha, az-Zubayr, AbdurRahman and Sa’ad: Do you not know that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘All of the wealth of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- is regarded as charity, except for that what he fed his family with and clothed them with, indeed we do not leave behind inheritance.’

They said: ‘Yes.’

Umar said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to spend from his wealth on his family, and would give the extra in charity, then when the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam died, Abu Bakr ruled for two years and he would do what the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam did.’

No. 2038

 Part G

55 – 1262 – Narrated from the Hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood and Jabir:

‘Every favour that you do for a rich person or a poor person than that is Sadaqa(charity).’

No. 2040

56 – 1263 – From Abdullaah bin Umar who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam took me by my shoulder, and said:

‘Be in this world as a stranger, or a traveller and count yourself amongst the people of the graves.  O Ibn Umar if you reach the evening, do not wait for the morning, and if you reach the morning do not wait for the evening take from when you are healthy for when you are sick, and take from your life for your death.’

No. 1157

57 – 1264 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said: The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-said to a man: ‘O so and so how are you this morning?’

He said: ‘I praise Allaah to you O Messenger of Allaah!’

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘This is what I wanted from you.’

No. 2952

58 – 1265 – From Isma’eel bin Abdullaah who said: Anas bin Malik came to al-Waleed bin AbdulMalik, so al-Waleed asked him: ‘Did you hear the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam mention about the Final Hour?’

So he narrated that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘I have nothing to do with the Dunyaa and it has nothing to do with me, I have been sent along with the Final Hour racing against each other.’

No. 1275

59 – 1273 – From Ibn Abbas from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Indeed one of you should be able to do without the people, even if it is by a twig ofMiswak.’

No. 2198

60 –  From Buraidah al-Aslami from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘A ride and a servant are all that is indeed sufficient for one of you from the Dunyaa.’

No.2202

61 – 1275 – From Abu Darda who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam was asked about the wealth of a Sultan (leader)?

So the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Whatever Allaah gives you from the wealth of a Sultan with out you having to beg or desiring it, then eat of it and accept it.’

No. 2209

62 – 1269 – From Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhufrom the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘If I had the like of mount Uhud in gold, then it would please me that three nights do not pass me by and I have nothing left from it, except a little which I prepare to pay off debts.’

No. 1139

Part H

64 – 1277 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘I do not fear poverty for you, but what I do fear for you is an increase and abundance of supplies. I do not fear for you mistakes, but I fear for that which is done purposefully.’

No. 2216

65 – 1286 – From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘Whoever is afflicted with poverty and a need then if he presents it and turns to the people; then his poverty is not stopped, and whoever presents it and turns to Allaah, then either Allaah will enrich him soon, or death will come to him very soon or wealth will come to him soon.’

No. 2787

66 – 1287 – From Abu Shurayh who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Any seller who accepts a product that he sold to a Muslim, then Allaah wipes out a sin for him.’

No. 2614

67 – 1291 – From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood who said: The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Whoever begs and he has that which is sufficient and enriches him, then what he begged for will come on the Day of Judgement like a person with scratch marks, or scratches and scars or toil on his face.’

It was said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! What would be sufficient for him?’

He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Fifty Dirham, or the equivalent in gold.’

No. 499

68 – 1292 – From Abdullaah bin Mas’ood who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Whoever cheats us is not from us, evil plotting and deception is in the Fire.’

No. 1058

69 – 1294 – From ‘Aeysha that she heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaying:

‘Whoever had a debt, and he had the intention to pay it off, then there will be aid from Allaah for him, and Allaah will grant provision for him.’

No. 2822

70 – 1300 – Abu Hurairah who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Prohibit the gains/profit from the prostitute.’

No. 3275

71 – 1301 – From ‘Aeysha Radi Allaahu anha who said: A woman from the Ansaar came to visit me, and saw the sleeping mat of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, which was a weaved mat. Then she left and sent a sleeping mat, which was stuffed with wool.

Then the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came and said:

‘What is this?’

‘Aeysha said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah such and such woman from the Ansaar visited me and saw your sleeping mat, and she went away and sent this.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Return it.’

‘Aeysha mentioned: ‘I did not return it and I liked that it was in my home, until the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said ‘return it’ three times. And then the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘I swear by Allaah O ‘Aeysha if I wanted to, Allaah would cause mountains of gold and silver to flow to me.’

No. 2484

72 – 1308 – From Abu Bakr as-Siddique from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-:

‘A body that has been sustained by Haram will not enter Paradise.’

No. 2609

73 – 1310 – From Abu Hurairah that a man cursed Abu Bakr while the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- was sitting there, and the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- became surprised and smiled. Then when Abu Bakr refuted him a lot with what he had said, the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- became angry and stood up and walked away.  Abu Bakr caught up with him and said: O Messenger of Allaah! He was cursing me and you remained sitting, and when I refuted him with a little of what he had said you became angry and walked away.  The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed you had an Angel who was defending you, then when you refuted some of what he said, Shaytaan came and I did not sit with the Shaytaan.’

Then the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘O Abu Bakr! There are three things which are all true: there is no slave of Allaah who is oppressed by any form of oppression, except that if he overlooks it for the sake of Allah –Azza wa Jal-, then Allaah will honour him with His aid/success due to overlooking it.

No man opens the door of giving and helping, wanting by that to have good ties, except that Allaah increases him a lot in that.

And no man opens the door to begging and continuously asking from people, wanting to have a lot except that Allaah decreases him a lot due to that.’

No. 2231

Forbidden Transactions: Al-‘Aynah and An-Najash – Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

AUTHOR: Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
SOURCE: His book “Al-Buyoo’ al-Munhee ‘anhaa” (pg. 21-24) (Read the full eBook here)
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

8. And from the forbidden types of business transactions is: The ‘Aynah Transaction. What is the ‘Aynah Transaction? It is when a product is sold to a person for a deferred price (i.e. a raised price to be paid later), then that same product is bought back from him at current value less than the deferred price for which it was given to him. So when the time comes in which the deferred payment is due, he pays his creditor in full. This is what is known as an Al-‘Aynah Transaction. It is called‘aynah (i.e. derivate of ‘ayn = same) because the same product that was sold is returned back to its owner. This is Haraam because it is deceiving someone into interest (Ribaa).

In reality, it is as if you are selling dollars at the current price for deferred dollars (i.e. to be given later), which are more than the original amount. And you have are just using the product as a device or means to gaining this interest. [1]

It is an obligation on you if you are owed money by someone, because you sold him some product for a deferred price that you let him sell it to someone else, or that you let him act freely in the matter – if he wishes he can keep it or if he wishes he can sell it to someone else, if he is need of the money. The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “When you deal with al-‘aynah transactions and you hold onto the tails of cows and you are pleased with the agriculture, Allaah will send humiliation down upon you. He will not remove it from you until you return back to your Religion.” Reported by Abu Dawood and it has supporting evidences.

9. And from the forbidden types of business transactions is: An-Najash. What is meant by an-Najash is when you display a product for sale in a public auction. Then a person comes and bids up the price of the item, but he doesn’t intend to purchase the item, rather he only wants to raise the price for the customers intending to deceive the buyers. This is the same whether he agreed with the seller to do this or he did it on his own. So whoever bids for a product and he doesn’t want to buy it, rather he only wants to raise its price for the customers, then this person is a Naajish, who has opposed the prohibition of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). Doing this is Haraam, as the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “And do not perform Najash on each other.”

So a person who has no desire or need for the item, he should not participate in the auction and not bid for it. Instead, he should leave the customers, who really desire the item, to outbid each other.

Perhaps a person may want to help the seller, and sympathy for the seller overcomes him. So he bids up the price of the item for the purpose of helping the seller – according to his perception. Or perhaps, the seller may agree with a group of his associates to create a crowd around the item for sale in order to draw the people’s attention. This is considered Najash and it is Haraam because it is a means of deceiving the Muslims and a way of taking their money unjustly.

Also, the scholars of Fiqh have stated that what falls under Najash is when a seller tells his customer: “I bought this item for such and such price”, lying about the price, so that the buyer may be fooled and buy the item at an increased value.

Or it is when the seller says: “I was given this product at this price” or he says: “I received it for this much”, lying about the price. He only wants to fool the customers into bidding the price up to reach this alleged and false price, which he claims he spent for the item. This is from the Najash, which Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) forbade. It is a treachery and deception of the Muslims, and it is liying and disloyalty, for which he will be accountable for before Allaah.

So what is obligatory on the seller is that he reveals the truth if the buyer asks him how much he got it for. He must tell him the truth and not say that he attained it for this much money, lying about the price. What also falls into the definition of An-Najash is if the people of the marketplace or the storeowners agree to not outbid one another when an item is presented for sale, for the purpose of forcing the owner to sell it for a (discounted) cheaper price. Sp therefore, they are all participating in this act, which is Haraam. And this is from An-Najash. It is also a form of taking the people’s money unjustly.


Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Note: Another example is if you sell an item that is worth $25 to someone for $50 because he will pay you next month and not now. But for some reason, the buyer is short of money and wants to sell the book back to you, so he comes to you the next day and you make him sell it to you for the current market price, which is still $25. So when the date, next month, on which you agreed he would pay you the $50 comes, he pays you the money. So altogether you make $25 apart from the book, which is considered interest, and Allaah knows best.

This is Posted from eBook
Forbidden Business Transactions :  Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
http://salaf-us-saalih.com/2014/01/27/forbiddenbusiness

Selling Unlawful Products – Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

AUTHOR: Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
SOURCE: His book “Al-Buyoo’ al-Munhee ‘anhaa” (pg. 12-15)
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

2. And from the forbidden types of business is: Selling a forbidden commodity. This is because when Allaah makes something forbidden, He also makes taking money for it forbidden, such as when someone sells something that is forbidden to be sold. Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) forbade that dead animals, khamr (i.e. wine), swine and statues be sold So whoever sells dead animals, i.e. meat for which no prescribed Zakaat was given, then he has sold a dead animal and earned unlawful money.

This goes the same for selling khamr. What is meant by the word khamr is everything that intoxicates, based on the Prophet’s saying: “Every intoxicant is khamr and every kind of khamr is Haraam (unlawful).” And he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) cursed ten people with regard to khamr, as is recorded in the authentic hadeeth: “Verily Allaah cursed khamr – the one who produces it and the one for whom it is produced, the one who sells it and the one who buys it, the one who drinks it and the one who earns from the sale of it, the one who carries it and the one who it is carried to, and the one who serves it.” Reported by At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah.

Khamr is every type of intoxicant regardless of whether it is called khamr or alcoholic beverages or liquor or wine or whiskey. It doesn’t matter if it is called by any of these or other names – changing the name does not change the fact that it is khamr. It has been reported in a hadeeth that ”There will come a people during the Last Days that will call khamr by another name and drink it.”

Also, what is worse than this is selling narcotics, such as hasheesh and opium, as well as other types of drugs, which are being dealt out to the people in these days. So the one who sells it and deals it is a criminal in the eyes of the Muslims and in the eyes of the whole world. This is because drugs kill people, so it is like a destructive weapon.

Therefore, anyone who sells drugs or distributes it or assists in its distribution – all of them fall under the curse of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). And taking money from it is from the wickedest of acts and the most detestable of gains. Furthermore, the one who deals drugs deserves to be executed because he is one of those who cause mischief in the land.

The same goes for selling cigarettes and qaat (leaves that are chewed in Arabian lands). Cigarettes are harmful and they cause diseases to occur. In fact, all of the characteristics of khubth(wickedness) are gathered together in cigarettes. There is no benefit in smoking in any way whatsoever. Its harms are many. The one with the worst kind of breath, the most despicable appearance and the most burdensome to accompany out of all people is the one who smokes cigarettes. If he sits next to you or he rides next to you in a car or on a plane, you feel constricted by the smoke he makes and its foul stench. The odor coming from his mouth is bad enough when he breathes in your face, so how much more so if he were to smoke in your presence and the cigarette smoke were to float in your face! The matter would be worse.

So smoking is wicked from all perspectives and there isn’t any benefit found in it. Therefore, it is forbidden without any hesitation or doubt. It is unlawful to smoke based on several perspectives, not just one.

When one smokes, he throws money away and he wastes time. Cigarettes disfigure the face, blacken the lips and stain the teeth. As for the diseases that are caused by it, then they are many.

Many people have been afflicted by it and yet they take it lightly and as something trivial. This is even to the point that some are suffering from its effects even though they never smoked and they hate smoking. However, they sold it to people because they loved to make money any way they could. But these people don’t know that this type of business spoils all of their earnings, because some of them mix the money they make from it with their business and so they spoil it, since (doing this) is forbidden and disobedience (to Allaah).

Sustenance is not to be sought from Allaah through disobeying Him. Rather, sustenance and provision are to be sought from Allaah by way of obeying Him. Whatever Allaah has ordained for you from rizq (sustenance) will surely come to you. If you seek after it while being obedient to Allaah (in all that He commands and prohibits), He will facilitate it for you and bless your wealth.

Prohibition of Malpractices in Commerce

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 355
Prohibition of Malpractices in Commerce

1775. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade that a person in the city should make a deal on behalf of a villager on commission even if he is his real brother.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1776. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not meet the merchandise till they arrive in the market.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1777. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The caravans carrying merchandise should not be met on the way to purchase from them; a man in the city should not sell for a man of the desert.

Tawus asked him (Ibn `Abbas): “What do these words really imply?” He said: “He should not work as an agent on his behalf.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1778. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade that a man in the city should be the commission agent of a man from the desert and prohibited the practice of Najsh (i.e., offering a high price for something in order to allure another customer who is interested in the thing); and that a man should make an offer while the offer of his brother is pending; or that he should make a proposal of marriage while that of his brother is pending; or that a woman should try that a sister of hers might be divorced so that she might take her place.

     Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade the people from meeting the caravan on the way for entering into business transaction with them; and the selling of the goods by a dweller of the city on behalf of a man of the desert; and the seeking by a woman the divorce of her sister (from her husband); and the practice of Najsh and leaving the animals unmilked (for sometime for the purpose of accumulation of milk to deceive the buyer).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1779. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A person should not enter into a transaction when his (Muslim) brother has already negotiated, nor should he make a proposal of marriage when that of his brother is pending, except with the permission of the latter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1780. `Uqbah bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A Mu’min is the brother of another Mu’min; and thus it is not permissible for a Mu’min to make an offer while the offer of his brother is pending, nor should he make a proposal of marriage while that of his brother is pending till he withdraws his proposal.”
[Muslim].

Illegality of Swearing Falsely

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 315
Illegality of Swearing Falsely

1712. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who takes oath to acquire the property of a Muslim unjustly will meet Allah and He will be angry with him” then he recited:
Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths, they shall have no portion in the Hereafter. Neither will Allah speak to them nor look at them on the Day of Resurrection nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful torment.” (3:77)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1713. Abu Umamah Iyas bin Tha`labah Al-Harithi (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who misappropriates the right of a Muslim by taking a false oath, Allah will condemn him to the fire of Hell and will forbid Jannah for him.” A person asked: “O Messenger of Allah, even if it is something insignificant?” He replied, “Yes, even if it is the twig of the Arak tree.”
[Muslim].

1714. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-As (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Of the major sins are: Associating anything in worship with Allah, disobedience to the parents, killing without justification and taking a false oath (intentionally).
[Al-Bukhari].

Another narration is: A bedouin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what are the cardinal sins?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Associating anything with Allah in worship.” The man asked: “(What is) next?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus.” He asked: “What do you mean by Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Swearing falsely to usurp the property of a Muslim.

Abomination of Swearing in Transaction

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 318
Abomination of Swearing in Transaction

1720. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Swearing produces a ready sale for a commodity, but blots out the blessing.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1721. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Beware of excessive swearing in sale, because it may promote trade but this practice will eliminate the blessing.
[Muslim].

Excellence of Fair Bargaining and Matters Relation to it

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 240
Excellence of Fair Bargaining and Matters Relation to it

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And whatever you do of good deeds, truly, Allah knows it well.” (2:215)

“And O my people! Give full measure and weight in justice and reduce not the things that are due to the people.” (11:85)

“Woe to Al-Mutaffifun (those who give less in measure and weight). Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure. And when they have to give by measure or weight to (other) men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be resurrected (for reckoning). On a Great Day? The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Rubb of the `Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?” (83:1-6)

1367.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man demanded of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) for repayment of a loan and was harsh to him. His Companions were about to attack him, but he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Leave him, as the creditor is entitled to make a demand. Give him a camel of the same age as the camel that is due to him.” They said: “We find a better camel senior to it in age.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then buy it and give it to him; verily the best of you is the one who is the best in discharging his obligations (repayment of loans).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1368.   Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “May Allah show mercy to a man who adopts a kind attitude when he sells, buys and demands for the repayment of loans.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1369.  Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who likes Allah to deliver him from the calamities of the Day of Resurrection, let him either give respite to a debtor or grant him remission (of loans) in straitened circumstances.”
[Muslim].

1370.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There was a person who used to loan money to the people and he used to say to his servant: `When an insolvent person comes to you, show him leniency so that Allah may forbear our faults.’ So when he met Allah (i.e., when he died), Allah forgave him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1371.  Abu Mas`ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A person from amongst the people who lived before you was called to account by Allah on the Day of Resurrection. No good deeds were found in his credit except that he being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had commanded his servants to show leniency to those who were in straitened circumstances. Upon this Allah, the Exalted, and Majestic said: `I am more entitled to this attribute, so waive (his faults).”’
[Muslim].

1372.  Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A slave of Allah whom He had endowed with wealth, will be brought before Him. Allah will ask him: `What did you do in the world?’ (They cannot conceal anything from Allah.) He will say: `O my Rubb, You endowed me with Your wealth; I used to enter into transactions with people and it was my nature to be lenient to the insolvent ones. I used to give respite to those who were in straitened circumstances.’ Whereupon Allah will say: `I am more entitled than you to do this. So forgive my slave‘.” `Uqbah bin `Amir and Abu Mas`ud Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with them) said, “Thus we heard it from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).”
[Muslim].

1373.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who gives respite to someone who is in straitened circumstances, or grants him remission, Allah will shelter him in the shade of His Throne, on the Day of Resurrection, when there will be no shade except its shade.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1374.   Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) purchased a camel from me and weighed more than its price.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1375.   Abu Safwan Suwaid bin Qais (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Makhramah Al-`Abdi and I procured some drapery from Hajar and brought them to Makkah. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came and bargained with us for some trousers and we sold them to him. We had a person who weighed the cloth in order to fix the price. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to him, “Weigh and add a little to it.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

Sahih Muslim : Book 10: The Book of Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu`)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 10:

The Book of Transactions (Kitab Al-Buyu`)


INTRODUCTION

Honesty in commercial dealings is more strictly enjoined by Islam than by any other religion. It is because Islam is a religion which regulates and directs life in all its departments. It is not to be regarded, like the modern man’s religion. as a personal, private affair, which has nothing to do with his economic and political life. It is not merely a body of dogmas or a bundle of rites and rituals; it is a practical code which governs life in all its spheres. Its laws are as effectively operative in our commerce and politics as in our domestic life and social relations. Islam censures political chicanery and economic exploitation as strongly as social excesses and individual dishonesty. Indeed, a true Islamic society is based upon honesty, justice and fraternity, and is absolutely intolerant of dishonesty in all its various forms. That is the reason why perfect honesty in business and truthfulness in trade are much emphasised by the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him). It will not be an exaggeration to say that absolute honesty in business and commerce is really an Islamic concept. The Hindus and Jews were (and still, are) worshippers of the Mammon. Both of them have been mercenary nations, notorious for their greed. The pre-Islamic Christians. too, did not possess any high standard of business morality. It was Prophet Muhammad (may peace be upon him) who, on the one hand, urged his followers to adopt trade as their profession, and, on the other band, exhorted them to observe truthfulness and honesty in their business transactions.

Islam lays the greatest emphasis on Qat Haldl (food earned through lawful means). The pious among us believe that just as nasty food spolis our physical health, similarly. food earned through unlawful means spoils our spiritual and moral health. A man who liver on income derived through illicit means and fraudulent practices cannot be morally advanced and spiritually elevated. If we try to comprehend the exact, implications of the term Haram (unlawful) we can form an idea of the high standard of morality on which Islam wants us to conduct our business. And, if business is conducted strictly in accordance with the Islamic principles of commerce, there can be absolutely no scope for any kind of commercial dishonesty varying from the simplest and most glaring type of business fraud to the most cunning and subtle type of profiteering which is often masked under a semblance of honesty.

Islam is most vehement in its condemnation of commercial dishonesty. It denounced, in the strongest possible terms, all sorts of deceitful dealings and illegal profits. It has disallowed all transactions not based upon justice and fairplay The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him), while reprimanding the dishonest dealer, said:” Laisa minna man gashshdna” (Whosoever deceives us is not one of us).

According to Imam Ghazali, a Muslim who makes up his mind to adopt trade as a profession or to set up his own business should first acquire a thorough understanding of the rules of business transactions codified in the Islamic Shari’ah. Without such understanding he will go astray and fail into serious lapses making his earning unlawful. No people in the world have ever attached so much importance to lawful trading as did the early Muslims, nor has any other nation evinced such a dread of unlawful trading as they did. That is why al-Ghazali said stress on a clear understanding of the rules and laws governing business transactions as a necessary prerequisite to adopting trade or business as a profession.

The Holy Qur’an has stressed the importance of fairness in business:” And, O my people, give full measure and weight justly, and defraud not men of their things, and act not corruptly in the land making mischief. What remains with Allah is better for you, if you are believers” (xi. 85-86).

In these words addressed by Hadrat Shu’aib to his people, the Holy Qur’an enunciates the fundamental principles of commerce as follows

To give just measure and weight.

Not to withhold from the people the things that are their due.

Not to commit evil on the earth with the intent of doing mischief.

To be contented with the profit that is left with us by God after we have paid other people their due.

We are told in these verses that commerce can flourish under conditions of peace and security. The people are, therefore, warned not to disturb the peace of the land so that there is a free and untrammelled trade between different parts of the world. In commercial relations we are expected to be absolutely just and honest, liberally giving other people their due. We are not to be guilty of selfish greed and not to indulge in profiteering; and we are told that the lawful profit which has God’s blessings is the one that we are able to make through perfectly honest dealings with others. The injunctions contained in these Qur’anic verses and found elsewhere in the Holy Book close the door of all dishonest and unjust transactions. We should not forget that justice is a master virtue. If we give others just measure and just weight that tantamounts to saying that we should be fair and just in our dealings.

A careful study of” Kitab al-Buyu`” (the book pertaining to business transactions) will reveal the fact that the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) based business dealings strictly on truth and justice. He has strongly disapproved all transactions which involve any kind of injustice or hardship to the buyer or the seller. He wanted that both, the buyer and the seller, should be truly sympathetic and considerate towards each other. One should not take undue advantage of the simplicity or ignorance of the other. The seller should not think that he has unrestricted liberty to extort as much as possible from the buyer. He has to be just; he should take his own due and give the buyer what is his.

Islam, which condemns every kind of injustice and exploitation in human relations, wants its followers to conduct business in a sublime spirit of justice tempered with human kindness. The conduct of the seller in a transaction should be characterised not only by Insaf (justice), but also by Ihsan (magnanimity).” God will forgive the sins of a Muslim who absolves a fellow-Muslim from a sale-contract not liked by the latter,” says the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him).

All transactions should be based on the fundamental principle of” Ta’auanu ala birri wa’t-taqwa” (mutual co-operation for the cause of goodness or piety). A transaction not based upon this sound principle is not lawful. Unlawful transactions are motivated by lust for money and an ignoble desire to build up prestige. Islam strikes at the root of the passion for money and suggests a different yardstick to measure the prestige of a person. The Holy Qur’an, on the one hand, condemns hoarding and the excessive love for wealth, and, on the other, declares virtue and piety to be the criterion for determining a person’s worth.” Inna akramakum `ind-Allahi atqakum” (The noblest in the eyes of God is the most pious among you). Thus does Islam minimise in every possible way the temptation to illegal trade and traffic. Let us now take note of the forms of business transactions which have been prohibited in Islam. The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) has not only disapproved of certain forms of business transactions, but has also laid down some basic conditions that should be fulfilled in every transaction if it is to be lawful.

The following are some of these basic conditions:

Things sold and money offered as their price to be lawfully acquired. The things sold and the money to be offered as their price should both be lawfully acquired and clearly specified. This condition demands that the goods sold should have been lawfully obtained. One has no business to sell goods which one has stolen or which one has acquired in a fraudulent manner. nor should one purchase anything with the money which one has accepted as illegal gratification or has aceuired in some other deceitful way. This condition holds the buyer and the seller responsible for lawful possession of the goods on the partof one and of the money on the part of other.

Goods not to be sold before obtaining their possession. The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) has warned the Muslims against indulging in forward transactions which means selling goods before obtaining their possession.” Whoever buys cereals shall not tell them until he has obtained their possession,” says the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him). According to Ibn ‘Abbas, what applies to cereals also applies to other categories of goods. On another occasion the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) has said:” Bargain not about that which is not with you.”

Goods to be bought in the open market. Goods and commodities for sale should go into the open market, and the seller or his agents must be aware of the state of the market before proposals are made for the purchase by the buyers. The seller should not be taken unawares lest the buyers should take undue advantage of his ignorance of the conditions and prices prevailing in the market.

No trade and traffic in things, the use of which is prohibited by Islam. A Muslim can trade in those goods and commodities only the use of which has been declared to be Halal (lawful). There can be no trade and traffic in things the use of which is proliibited by Islam. For example, there can be no trade in wine, swine, dead bodies of animals and idols. A devout Muslim merchant would not even traffic in thin and transparent stuff for ladies because the use of such stuff by ladies is unlawful. One cannot sell the carcass of an animal. He can, however, flay its skin which can be used for making shoes and which can therefore, be sold, but not the flesh of the dead animal. What is true of the usable skin of animals is also true of the tusks of an elephant.

Prohibited forms of Business

Monopoly business. As monopoly means concentration of supply in one hand, it leads to exploitation of the consumers and the workers, it has, therefore, been declared unlawful by the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him). Gigantic trusts. cartels and monopolies should not exist in the Islamic society. The monopoly-dominated economic order betrays lack of harmony between private and social good and is, thus, a negation of the principle of maximum social advantage which the Islamic society sets out to achieve.

Speculative business basd on selfish interest. Speculation means buying something cheap in bulk at a time and selling it dear at another and, thus, controlling the whole market to achieve personal gains. A close observation will reveal that speculators are primarily interested in private gains regardless of the larger interest of the society. These speculators try to create artificial scarcity of goods and commodities and thereby create an inflationary pressure on the economy. As the poor masses have to pay for this. Islam has condemned such speculative business.

Interest transactions. All transactions involving interest are forbidden in Islam. Some people find it hard to submit to the injunction prohibiting interest, because they think interest and profit earned in trade are similar. Capital invested in trade brings an excess called profit; invested in banking it brings interest. Why should one excess be considered lawful and the other unlawful? They fail to take note of the basic difference between the two. Trade involves risk of loss. Also in its case, it is not only the capital invested that brings profit which is equally the result of initiative, enterprise and efficiency of the entrepreneur. Hence its rate cannot be predetermined and fixed. Moreover, trade is productive. A person reaps a benefit after undergoing labour and hardship. It creates conditions of full employment and economic growth. It will also be noted that trade acts as one of the dominant factors in the process of building up civilisation through co-operation and mutual exchange of ideas. The spread of Islam and Islamic civilisation In the Far East has been mostly due to the efforts of Muslim traders. Interest has no redeeming feature at all. The fixed rate of profit which a person gets from a financial investment without any risk of loss and without augmenting it with human labour creates in man the undesirable weakness of miserliness and Shylockian selfishness and lack of sympathy. In the economic sphere it initiates and aggravates crisis.

Rightly, therefore, has Islam strictly prohibited all transactions based on it or involving it in some form or other.

Advancing money on interest, keeping deposits in a bank for the sake of earning interest, or getting concessions in rates of goods or commodities against advance payments of price, mortgaging and utilising an income-yielding property against a certain sum, to be returned in full when the property is redeemed and investing money in a trade against a predetermined and fixed rate of profit-are all unlawfnl business transactions because they involve Riba (interest) in some form or the other.

Transactions similar (in nature) to gambling. The Arabic equivalent to gambling is Maisir which literarily means” getting something too easily”,” getting a profit without working for it”. The literal meaning of the term explains the principle on account of which gambling is prohibited in Islam. Any monetary gain which cornes too easily, so much so that one does not have to work for it, is unlawful.

The most familiar form of gambling amang the Arabs in the days of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) was gambling by casting of lots by means of arrows drawn from a bag. Some were blank and those who drew them got nothing. Others indicated prizes-big or small ones. Whether one got anything or nothing depended on pure luck. unless there was fraud on the part of someone concerned. The principle on which objection to gambling is based is that you gain what you have not earned, or lose on a mere chance. Dice, lottery, prize bonds and betting on horse races are to be held within the definition of gambling.

Munabadha and Mulamasa. Islam recognises barter trade subject to the injunctions of the Qur’an and the Sunnah. In fact, Islam has closed all doors of dishonesty and deceit in business dealings. It has prohibited all forms of transactions which admit of fraud in the least degree. It has impressed on the traders that defective and worthless goods should not be given in exchange for good ones, and if there is a defect in the goods sold it must be pointed out and made manifest to the purchaser. The Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said:” The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling the contract as long as they have not separated; then. if they both speak the truth and make manifest, their transaction shall be blessed, and it they conceal and tell lies, the blessing of their transaction shall be obliterated”.

Besides issuing the instructions which govern all forms of trade, particularly barter trade, Islam has banned two forms of sale contract that were prevalent before Islam. These were Munabadha and Mulamasa. In neither of these was the purchaser offered an opportunity to examine the thing purchased. Munabadha means that the seller should throw the cloth to the buyer before he has carefully examined it. The very act of throwing the cloth will mean that the bargain has been struck. Mulamasa means touching the cloth without examining it, ie. the buyer was just supposed to touch the cloth to strike the bargain. Both these forms of transaction were prohibited because in either case the purchaser got no opportunity to examine the things sold to him, and the bargain was likely to prove unduly disadvantageous to one side.

In fact, Islam demanlds that goods and commodities for we should go to the open market and the seller or his agents must be aware of the state of the market before proposals are made for the purchase of goods or communities in bulk. He should not be taken unawares lest advantage be taken of his ignorance of the state of the market, and the prevailing prices. All this is ver clearly laid down by the Prophet (may peace he upon him).

As mentioned above, Islam tries to be fair to both parties to a transaction. Any step on the part of one, that is advantageous to him and disadvantageous to the other, is not permissible. The seller is expected to make the defects (if any) in the goods manifest to the buyer, nor is the buyer expected to take undue advantage of the ignorance of the seller.

Mozabana. It is the exchange of fresh fruits for dry ones in a way that the quantity of the dry fruit is actually measured and fixed, but the quantity of the fresh fruit to be given in exchange is guessed while it is still on the trees (Mishkat, 2710). The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) has forbidden this exchange because the quantity of the fruit on the trees cannot be definitely Determined and the transaction is just a leap into the dark.

Mu’awama. It consists in selling the fruit on the trees for a period of one, two or three years even before it has made its appearance. It is prohibited because like Muzabana it is also a leap into the dark. Such transactions may result in bitterness and frustration.

Bai’ al-Gharar. It is to sell a thing which one doesn’t have in one’s possession, nor expects to bring it under one’s control, e g. fish in the river, or birds in the air. Possession is one of the basic conditions of a sale. One cannot sell a thing which is not in one’s possession.

Bai’ al-‘Uryan. It is getting a thing against a nominal advance on the condition that if the bargain is struck, the advance will be adjusted and if the bargain is cancelled, the seller will riot return the advance. The advance being nominal, the buyer has practically no liability. He will abide by the contract if he finds it advantageous to him and will withdraw himself from it otherwise.

Bai’ al-Mudtar. It is to buy a thing forcibly or to purchase a thing when its owner is compelled under stress of want to dispose it of. Instead of purchasing the thing, and taking undue advantage of the seller’s helplessness, one should help him. Bai’ alal-Bai’ (sale over and above the sale of another). When one person has sold goods to another, a third Person should not upset the bargain trying to sell his own goods to the latter, offering them at lower rates or pointing out the defect in the goods already sold to him by the former.” A Muslim should not purchase in opposition to his brother, nor should he send a marriage proposal over and above the proposal of another.”

Bai’ al-Hast (i. e. sale by means of pebbles). The purchaser will tell the seller that when he will throw a pebble on his goods, the sale contract will be confirmed or the seller tell the purchaser that on whatever thing a pebble thrown by him falls will be sold to him. Sale contract is a serious matter and it should not be accomplished by such hit-and-miss methods like throwing the pebbles on the goods. A sale completed in this way may lead to injustice and hardship to one side and is consequently prohibited.

Sale of unripe fruit and unripe corn. The Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him), according to Hadrat Anas (Allah be pleased with him), has prohibited the sale of grapes before they become dark and that of the corn before it ripens. Similarly, he has forbidden the sale of raw dates. The fruit of the date palms should not be sold until it becomes red or yellow.

Here is a brief account of the sale transactions prohibited by Islam. If one ponders over these forms of transaction described above and described in greater detail in” Kitab al-Buyu,” one can arrive at the following conclusions:

Islam insists upon absolute justice and fairplay in business dealings.

According to Islam, a person who sacrifices his faith, and loses the good pleasure of his Lord to make a monetary gain has not made a good bargain. A Muslim will not go in for such a bad bargain. A Muslim merchant is not a worshipper of the Mammon with an inordinate love for money. He prizes faith, piety and righteousness above all.

Islam does not believe in the view that all is fair in business and that every kind of cleverness and deceit is justifiable in business transactions. Islam regards business or commerce as an economic activity to be carried on in a spirit of humanity. tarianism and justice. It does not approve of the cut-throat competition. Indeed, the very concept is un-Islamic.

Islam expects the buyer and the seller to look upon each other as Muslim brethren or fellow human beings, each trying to go all his way to help and serve the other. It the seller happens to overcharge the buyer, he, instead of feeling proud of his cleverness in doing so, should somehow compensate him for the excessive payment received.

All bargains that are clenched without giving the purchaser a fair chance of examining the things are prohibited because this amounts to denying him a right that was his due.

Forcible transactions or transactions in which the buyer takes undue. advantage of the helplessness or misery of the seller are also discouraged.

Islam has prohibited traffic in wine, swine, dead bodies of animals and other goods the use of which has been declared to be Haram (unlawful).

It has also forbidden trading in things that have a debasing or vitiating influence on the Muslim society.


Chapter 1: PROHIBITION OF BAI’ MULAMASA AND BAI’ MUNABAZA


Book 010, Number 3608:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade (two types of transactions) Mulamasa and Munabadha


Book 010, Number 3609:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pletsed with him) reported like this from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).


Book 010, Number 3610:

Abu Huraira reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a hadith like this through another chain cf transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3611:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3612:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Two types of trarisactions have been forbidden (by the Holy Prophet), al-Mlulamasa and al-Munabadha. As far as Mulamasa transaction is concerned, it is that every one of them (the parties entering into transaction) should touch the garment of the other without careful consideration, and al-Munabadha is that every one of them should throw his cloth to the other and one of them should not see the cloth of his friend.


Book 010, Number 3613:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade us (from), two types of business transactions and two ways of dressing. He forbade Mulamasa and Munabadha in transactions. Mulamasa means the touching of another’s garment with his hand, whether at night or by day, without turning it over except this much. Munabadha means that a man throws his garment to another and the other throws his garment, and thus confirming their contract without the inspection of mutual agreement. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Shihab through the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 2: INVALIDITY OF A TRANSACTION BY THROWING A STONE


Book 010, Number 3614:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade a transaction determined by throwing stones, and the type which involves some uncertainty.


Chapter 3: PROHIBITION OF HABAL AL-HABALA TRANSACTION


Book 010, Number 3615:

‘Abdullah (b. ‘Umar) (Allah be pleased with him) said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the transaction called habal al-habala.


Book 010, Number 3616:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that the people of pre-Islamic days used to sell the meat of the slaughtered camel up to habal al-habala. And habal al-habala implies that a she-camel should give birth and then the (born one should grow young) and become pregnant. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade them that (this transaction).


Chapter 4: IT IS FORBIDDEN THAT ONE SHOULD ENTER INTO A TRANSACTION ON WHICH ONE’S BROTHER HAS ALREADY BEEN NEGOTIATING, OR ONE SHOULD PURCHASE (IN OPPOSITION) TO ONE’S BROTHER, OR ONE SHOULD CHEAT AND RETAIN MILK IN THE UDDER (IN ORDER TO DECEIVE THE PURCHASER)


Book 010, Number 3617:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as having said this: One amongst you should not enter into a transaction when another is bargaining.


Book 010, Number 3618:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A person should not enter into a transaction when his brother is already making a transaction and he should not make a proposal of marriage when his brother has already made a proposal except when lie gives permission.


Book 010, Number 3619:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A Muslim should not purchase (in opposition) to his brother. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira through another chain of transmitters but with a slight change of words.


Book 010, Number 3620:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace’be upon him) as saying: Do not go out to meet riders to enter into transaction with them; none of you must buy in opposition to another, nor must you bid against one another; a townsman must not sell for a man from the desert, and do not tie up udders of carnels and sheep, and he who buys them after that has been done has two courses open to him: after he has milked them he may keep them if he is pleased with them, or he may return them along with a sit of dates if he is displeased with them.


Book 010, Number 3621:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the (people) meeting the caravan (for entering into business transaction with them), and the selling of goods by a townsman on behalf of a man of the desert, and seeking by a woman the divorce of her sister (from her husband), and outbidding (against one another), and tying up the udders (of animals), and buying of (things) in opposition to one’s brother. This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3622:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the outbidding (against another).


Chapter 5: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO MEET THE TRADERS IN THE WAY FOR GETTING UNDUE ADVANTAGE


Book 010, Number 3623:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not go out to meet merchandise in the way, (wait) until it is brought into the market. This hadith has been reported on the authority of Ibn Numair but with a slight change of words.


Book 010, Number 3624:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of ‘Ubaidullah.


Book 010, Number 3625:

Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not meet the traders (in the way).


Book 010, Number 3626:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) as saying: Do not meet the merchandise (in the way).


Book 010, Number 3627:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not meet the merchant in the way and enter into business transaction with him, and whoever meets him and buys from him (and in case it is done, see) that when the owner of (merchandise) comes into the market (and finds that he has been paid less price) he has the option (to declare the transaction null and void).


Chapter 6: IT IS FORBIDDEN FOR THE TOWNSMAN TO SELL ON BEHALF OF THE MAN OF THE DESERT


Book 010, Number 3628:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported it directly from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him): The townsman’should not sell for a man from the desert (with a view to taking advantage of his ignorance of the market conditions of the city). And Zuhair reported from the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) that he forbade the townsman to sell on behalf of the man from the desert.


Book 010, Number 3629:

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The riders (carrying merchandise) should not be met in the way, and townsman should not sell for a man of the desert. The narrator reported. I said to Ibn ‘Abbas: What do these words really imply-” The townsman for the man of the desert”? He said: That he should work as a broker on his behalf.


Book 010, Number 3630:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The townsman should not sell for a man from the desert, leave the people alone, Allah will give them provision from one another. Yahya reported it with a slight change of words.


Book 010, Number 3631:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported a similar hadith from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3632:

Anas b. Malik (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We were forbidden that a townsman should sell for a man of the desert, even if he is his brother or father.


Book 010, Number 3633:

Anas b. Malik (Allah be pleased with him) said: We were forbidden that a townsman should sell for a man of the desert.


Chapter 7: COMMAND PERTAINING TO THE SELLING OF ANIMAL WHOSE UDDER IS TIED UP


Book 010, Number 3634:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be’upon him) as saying: He who bought a goat having its udder tied up should go back with it, milk it, and, if he is satisfied with its milk, he should retair it, otherwise he should return it along with a sa’ of dates.


Book 010, Number 3635:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys a goat with its udder tied up has the option to retain the goat if he so desires or return it within three days, and in case he returns it he should do so along with a sa’ of dates.


Book 010, Number 3636:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: lie who buys a goat having its udder tied up has the option to return it within three days. If he returns it he should pay a sa’ of dates. Wheat is not essential.


Book 010, Number 3637:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys a goat having its udder tied up has two courses left for him. He may retain it, and if he desires may return it along with a sa’ of dates and not wheat.


Book 010, Number 3638:

Ayyub narrated with the same chain of transmitters but with this change of words:” He who buys a goat has the option….”


Book 010, Number 3639:

Hammam b. Munabbih said: Out of the ahadith which Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported to us from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) one is this that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If one among you buys a she-camel having its udder tied up he has the two options for him after milking it either (to retain it) or return it with a sa’ of dates.


Chapter 8: IT IS INVALID TO SELL THE COMMODITY BEFORE TAKING POSSESSION OF IT


Book 010, Number 3640:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys foodgrain should not sell it until he has taken possession of it.


Book 010, Number 3641:

A hadith like this has been narrated through the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3642:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys food-rain should not sell it until he has taken possession of it. Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) said: I regard everything like food (so far as this principle is concerned).


Book 010, Number 3643:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys foodgrain should not sell it, until he has weighed it (and then taken possession of it). I (Tawus) said to Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them): Why is it so? Thereupon he said: Don’t you see that they (the people) sell foodgrains against gold for the stipulated time. Abu Kuraib did not make any mention of the stipulated time.


Book 010, Number 3644:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys foodgrain should not sell it until he has taken full possession of it.


Book 010, Number 3645:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported: We used to buy foodgrains during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) would then send to us one who commanded us to take them (the foodgrains) to a place other than the one where we had bought them before we sold it.


Book 010, Number 3646:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys foodgrain should not sell that before taking possession of it. He (the narrator) said: We used to buy foodgrain from the caravans in bulk, but Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade us to re-sell that until we had shifted it to some other place.


Book 010, Number 3647:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who bought foodgrain should not sell it until he had taken full possession of it (after measuring it).


Book 010, Number 3648:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying,: He who bought foodgrain should not sell it until he had taken possession of it.


Book 010, Number 3649:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that they were beaten during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) if they had bought foodgrains in bulk and then sold them in the spot without shifting them (to some other place).


Book 010, Number 3650:

Salim b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported his father havingsaid this: I saw people being beaten during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in case they bought the foodgrain in bulk, and then sold them at that spot before taking it to their places. This hadith is narrated on the authority of ‘Ubaidullah b. Abdullah b. ‘Umar through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):” His father (Ibn ‘Umar) used to buy foodgrains in bulk and then carried them to his people.”


Book 010, Number 3651:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who bought foodgrain should not sell it until he had measured it. In the narration of Abu Bakr there the word is Ibta’ instead of Ishtara.


Book 010, Number 3652:

Abu Huraira (Allah be please with him) is reported to have said to Marwan: Have you made lawful the transactions involving interest? Thereupon Marwan said: I have not done that. Thereupon Abu Huraira (may peace be upon him) said: You have made lawful the transactions with the help of documents only, whereas Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the transaction of foodgrains until full possession is taken of them. Marwan then addressed the people and forbade them to enter into such transactions (as are done with the help of documents). Sulaiman said: I saw the sentinels snatching (these documents) from the people.


Book 010, Number 3653:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you purchase foodgrains, do not sell them until you have taken possession of them.


Chapter 9: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO SELL THE REAP OF DATES THE WEIGHT OF WHICH IS UNKNOWN


Book 010, Number 3654:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) is reported to have said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of a heap of dates the weight of which is unknown in accordance with the known weight of dates.


Book 010, Number 3655:

This hadith is narrated on the authority of Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) but with this variation that no mention is made of the dates (which one finds) at the end of the previous hadith.


Chapter 10: BOTH THE BUYERS AND THE SELLERS HAVE THE OPTION TO WITHDRAW THE TRANSACTION BEFORE LEAVING THE MEETING (WHERE THE BARGAIN IS STRUCK)


Book 010, Number 3656:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Both parties in a business transaction have the right to annul it so long as they have not separated; except in transactions which have been made subject to the right of parties to annul them.


Book 010, Number 3657:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3658:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with thcm) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When two persons enter into a transaction, each of them has the right to annul it so long as they are not separated and are together (at the place of transaction) ; or if one gives the other the right (to annul the transaction) But if one gives the other the option, the transaction is made on this condition (i. e. one has the right to annul the transaction), it becomes binding. And if they are separated after they have made the bargain and none of them annulled it, even then the transaction is binding.


Book 010, Number 3659:

Abdullah b. ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When two persons enter into a transac. tion, each one of them has the right to annul it so long as they are not separated, or their transaction gives one another (as a condition) the right of annulling, and if their transaction, has the right of annulling it the transaction becomes binding. Ibn Abi Umar made this addition that whenever he (Ibn Umar) entered into a transaction with a person with the intention of not breaking it, he walked a while and then returned to him.


Book 010, Number 3660:

Ibn Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is no transaction between two persons entering a transaction until they separate, but only when there is an option to annul it.


Chapter 11: TRUTHFULNESS IN TRANSACITION AND DESCRIPTION (OF THE DEFECT IN THE COMMODITY)


Book 010, Number 3661:

Hakim b. Hazim (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Both parties in a business transaction have the right to annul it so long as they have not separated; and if they speak the truth and make everything clear they will be blessed in their transaction; but if they tell a lie and conceal anything the blessing on their transaction will be blotted out.


Book 010, Number 3662:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Hakim b. Hizam (Imam Muslim) said: Hakim b. Hizam was born inside the Ka’ba and lived for one hundred and twenty years.


Chapter 12: HE WHO DECEIVES IN BUSINESS TRANSACTION


Book 010, Number 3663:

Abdullah b. Dinar narrated that he heard Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) saying: A man mentioned to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) that he was deceived in a business transaction, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: When you enter into a transaction, say: There should be no attempt to deceive.


Book 010, Number 3664:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Dinar with the same chain of transmitters but these words are not found in it.” When he buys he should say: There should be no attempt to deceive.”


Chapter 13: PROHIBITION OF THE SALE OF FRUITS UNTIL THEY ARE CLEARLY IN GOOD CONDITION


Book 010, Number 3665:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of fruits until they were clearly in good condition, he forbade it both to the seller and to the buyer.


Book 010, Number 3666:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of palm-trees (i. e. their trults) until the dates began to ripen, and ears of corn until they were white and were safe from blight. He forbade the seller and the buyer.


Book 010, Number 3667:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not buy fruit until its good condition becomes clear, and (the danger) of blight is no more. He said: Its good condition becoming clear implies that it becomes red or yellow.


Book 010, Number 3668:

This hadith is reported or the authority of Yahya with the same chain of transmitters up to” until its good condition becomes clear,” but lie did not mention what follows (these words).


Book 010, Number 3669:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3670:

Nafi, reported on the authority of Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) a hadith like that narrated before.


Book 010, Number 3671:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger’ (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not buy fruits (on the trees) until their good condition becomes clear. In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Shu’ba it was stated that Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) was asked what good condition implied. He said: When (the danger of) blight is no more.


Book 010, Number 3672:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade (or forbade us) the sale of fruits until they are ripe in a good condition.


Book 010, Number 3673:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding the sale of fruit until its good condition is obvious.


Book 010, Number 3674:

Abu Bakhtari reported: I asked Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) about the sale of dates. He said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of dates of the trees until one eats them or they are eaten (i. e. they are fit to be eaten) or until they are weighed (or measured). I said: What does it imply:” Until it is weighed”? Thereupon a person who was with him (Ibn Abbas) said: Until he is able to keep it with him (after plucking them).


Book 010, Number 3675:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not sell the fruits until their good condition becomes evident.”


Chapter 14: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO SELL FRESH DATES AGAINST DRY DATES, EXCEPT IN CASE OF AL-ARAYA


Book 010, Number 3676:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbidding the sale of fruits until their good condition becomes evident and the purchase of dates for dates. Zaid b. Thabit (Allah be pleased with him) said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave a concession in case of the sale known as al-araya, there is an addition of the word an tuba’a in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Numair.


Book 010, Number 3677:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not buy the fruit until their condition is clear, and do not buy the fresh dates. A hadith like this has been reported by Ibn ‘Umar through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3678:

Sa’id b. al-Musayyib said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the transaction of Af Muzabana and Muhaqala. Muzabana means that fresh dates on the trees should be sold against dry dates. Muhaqala implies that the wheat in the ear should be sold against the wheat and getting the land on rent for the wheat (produced in it). He (the narrator) said that the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) had aid: Do not sell fresh fruits on the trees until their good condition becomes manifest, and do not sell fresh dates on the trees against dry dates. Salim said: Abdullah informed me on the authority of Zaid b. Thabit, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having given concession afterwards in case of ariyya transactions by which dry dates can be exchanged with fresh dates, but he did not permit it in other cases.


Book 010, Number 3679:

Zaid b. Thabit (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) having given concession in case of ‘ariyya for selling dry dates (with) fresh dates after measuring them out.


Book 010, Number 3680:

Zaid b. Thabit reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) give concession in case of ‘ariyya transactions according to which the members of the household give dry dates according to a measure and then eat fresh dates (in exchange for it)


Book 010, Number 3681:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Nafi’ with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3682:

Yahya b. Sa’id reported this hadith with the same chain of transmitters but with this change: ‘Ariyya implies that date-palm trees should be donated to the people and then they sell it with a measure of dry dates.


Book 010, Number 3683:

Zaid b Thabit (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave concession in case of al-‘ariyya transactions (for exchanging dates) for dates with measure. Yahya said: ‘Ariyya implies that a person should buy fresh dates on the tree for his family to eat against a measure of dry dates.


Book 010, Number 3684:

Zaid b. Thabit (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) granting concession in case of ‘ariyya transactions and that implies selling of (dry dates for fresh dates) according to a measure.


Book 010, Number 3685:

Ubaidullah reported this hadith with a slight change of words on the same authority (as quoted above).


Book 010, Number 3686:

Nafi, reported this hadith with the same chain of transmitters stating that Allah’s Messengtr (may peace be upon him) granted concession in case of ‘ariyya transactions (for exchange of the same commodity) with measure.


Book 010, Number 3687:

Bashair b. Yasir reported on the authority of some of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) among the members of his family among whom one was Sahl b. Abu Hathma that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade buying of fresh dates against dry dates and that it is Riba and this is Muzabana, but he made an exemption of ‘ariyya (donations) of a tree or two in which case the members of a family sell dry dates and buy fresh dates for eating them.


Book 010, Number 3688:

Bushair b. Yasar reported on the authority of some of the Companion of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he exempted the transactions, of ‘ariyya (from the direct exchange of one kind) after measuring the dry dates (in exchange for fresh dates).


Book 010, Number 3689:

Bushair b. Yasir reported on the authority of some of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon hinn) from among the members of his family that he forbade (the direct exchange of a commodity having different qualities) but with the change that Ishaq and Ibn al-Muthanna used the word Zabn in place ot Riba and Ibn Abu ‘Umar used the word Riba (interest).


Book 010, Number 3690:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Sahl b. Abu Hathma.


Book 010, Number 3691:

Sahl b. Abu Hathma reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Muzabana, i. e. exchange of fresh dates with dry dates. except in case of those to whom donations of some trees have been made. It is for them that concession has been given.


Book 010, Number 3692:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having given exemption of ‘ariyya transactions measuring less than five wasqs or up to five wasqs (the narrator Dawud is in doubt whether it was five or less than five).


Book 010, Number 3693:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana implies the selling of fresh dates for dry dates by measuring them out and the selling of raisins by measure for grapes.


Book 010, Number 3694:

‘Abdullah (b. Umar) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade Muzabana, i. e. buying of fresh dates (on) the trees for dry dates by measure, and the buying of grapes for raisins by measure and the selling of field of corn for corn by measure.


Book 010, Number 3695:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of ‘Ubaidullah with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3696:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana is the selling of dry dates by measure for fresh dates and the selling of raisins by measure for grapes and selling of all Ports of fruits on the basis of calculation.


Book 010, Number 3697:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Muzabana, and Muzabana implies the selling of dry dates for fresh dates on the tree with a definite measure (making it clear) that in case it increases, it belongs to me and if it is less, it is my responsibility.


Book 010, Number 3698:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Ayyub.


Book 010, Number 3699:

Abdullah (b. Umar) (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Mazabana, and it implies that one should sell the fresh fruits of his orchard (for dry fruits) or, if it is fresh dates, for dry dates with a measure, or if it is grapes for raisins or if it is corn in the field for dry corn with a measure He (the Holy Prophet) in fact forbade all such transactions. Qutaiba has narrated it with a slight variation of words. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Nafi with another chain of transmitters.


Chapter 15: PERTAINING TO ONE WHO SELLS DATE-PALM TREE WITH DATES HANGING ON ITS BRANCHES


Book 010, Number 3700:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: If anyone buys palm-trees after they have been fecundated the fruit belongs to the seller unless the buyer makes a proviso.


Book 010, Number 3701:

Nafi reported on the authority of Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) said: Whichever tree is bought with its roots, and if it is fecundatedits fruit would belong to one who has grafted it except when the provision is laid down by the buyer.


Book 010, Number 3702:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Whosoever grafts the tree and then sells its roots, its fruit will belong to one who grafts it except when provision is laid down by the buyer.


Book 010, Number 3703:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Nafi, with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3704:

Abdullah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Massenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who buys a tree after it has been fecundated, its fruit belongs to one who sells it except when the provision has been laid down by the buyer (that it will belong to him), and he who buys a slave, his property belongs to one who sells him except when a provision has been laid down by the buyer (that it will be transferred to him with the slave).


Book 010, Number 3705:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of al Zuhri.


Book 010, Number 3706:

Ibn Umar reported on the authority of his father as Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) saying so.


Chapter 16: FORBIDDANCE OF AL-MUHAQALA, AND AL MUZABANA, AND AL- MUKHABARA, AND THE SALE OF FRUITS BEFORE THEIR GOOD CONDITION IS CLEAR, AND AL-MU’AWAMA. I. E. THE SALE FOR SOME YEARS


Book 010, Number 3707:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had forbidden Muhaqala. and Muzabana, Mukhibara and the sale of fruits until their good condition becomes clear, and (he commanded) that (commodities) should not be sold but for the dinar and dirham except in case of araya.


Book 010, Number 3708:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the types of sales as described before.


Book 010, Number 3709:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade Mukhabara and Muhaqala, and Muzabana, and the sale of the fruit until it is fit for eating, and its sale but with dirham and dinar. Exception is made in case of ‘araya. Ata’ said: Jabir explained (these terms) for us. As for Mukhabara it is this that a wasteland is given by a person to another and he makes an investment in it and then gets a share in the produce. According to him (Jabir), Muzabana is the sell of fresh dates on the tree for dry dates with a measure, and Muhaqala in agriculture implies that one should sell the standing crop for grains with a measure.


Book 010, Number 3710:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding Muhaqala, and Muzabana, and Mukhabara, and the buying of date-palm until its fruit is ripened (ripening means that its colour becomes red or yellow, or it is fit for being eaten). And Muhaqala implies that crops in the field are bought for grains according to a customary measure. Muzabana implies that date-palm should be sold for dry dates by measuring them with wisqs, and al-Mukhabara is (a share), maybe one-third or one-fourth (in produce) or something like it. Zaid (one of the narrators) said to Ata’ b. Abu Rabah (the other narrator): Did You bear Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) making a mention of it that he had heard it directly from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him)? He said: Yes.


Book 010, Number 3711:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding Muzabana and Muhaqala, and Mukhabara, and the sale of fruits until they are ripe. I (the narrator) said to Sa’id (the other narrator): What does ripening imply? He said: It meant that they become red or become yellow and are fit for eating.


Book 010, Number 3712:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding Muhaqala and Muzabana and Mu’awama and Mukhabara. (One of the narrators) ‘said: Sale years ahead is Mu’awama, and making exceptional but he made an exemption of araya.


Book 010, Number 3713:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). but he made no mention of transactions years (ahead) implying Mu’awama.


Book 010, Number 3714:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade leasing of land, and selling ahead for years and selling of fruits before they become ripe.


Chapter 17: LEASING OUT LAND


Book 010, Number 3715:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden the renting of land.


Book 010, Number 3716:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has land should cultivate it himself, but if he does not cultivate it himself, then he should let his brother cultivate it.


Book 010, Number 3717:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported some of the Companions of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had surplus of land. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He, who has surplus land (in his possession) should cultivate it, or he should lend it to his brother for benefit, but if he refuses to accept it, he should retain it.


Book 010, Number 3718:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden taking of rent or share of land.


Book 010, Number 3719:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has land should cultivate it, but if he does not find it possible to cultivate it, or finds himself helpless to do so, he should lend it to his Muslim brother, but he should not accept rent from him.


Book 010, Number 3720:

Sulaiman b. Musa asked Ata’: Did Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying:” He who has land should cultivate it himself, or let his brother cultivate it, and should not give on rent”? He said: Yes.


Book 010, Number 3721:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Mukhabara.


Book 010, Number 3722:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say: He who has surplus of land should either cultivate it himself, or let his brother cultivate it, an should not sell it. I (the narrator) said to Sa’id: What does his statement” do not sell it” mean? Does it imply” rent”? He said: Yes.


Book 010, Number 3723:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah reported: We used to cultivate land on rent during the lifetime of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and we got a share out of the grain left in the ears after threshing them and something unspecified. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who has land should cultivate it or let his brother till it, otherwise he should leave it.


Book 010, Number 3724:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: We used to get land (on rent) during the lifetime of Allah’s Messeuge, (may peace be upon him) with a share of one-third or one-fourth (of the produce from the land irrigated) with the help of canals. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood up (to address) and said: HRe who has land should cultivate it, and if he does not cultivate it, he should lend it to his brother, and if he does not lend it to his brother, he should then retain it.


Book 010, Number 3725:

Jabir (Allah he pleased with him) reported: I heard Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has (surplus) land should donate it (to others), or lend it. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters, but with a slight change of words.


Book 010, Number 3726:

Jabir b. `Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reportedthat Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had forbidden renting of land. Bukair (one of the narrators) said: Nafi` reported to me that he heard Ibn `Umar (Allah be pleased with them) saying: We usedto give land on rent; we then abandoned this practice when we heard the hadith of Rafi` b. Khadij.


Book 010, Number 3727:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding the selling (renting of) uncultivated land for two years or three.


Book 010, Number 3728:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbidding selling of (produce) in advance for two years, and in the narmtion of Ibu Abd Shaiba (the words are):” Selling of the fruits (on the tree) in advance for two years.”


Book 010, Number 3729:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has land should cultivate it or lend it to his brother, but if he refuses, he should retain his land.


Book 010, Number 3730:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding Muzabana, and Huqul. Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) said: Muzabana means the selling of fruits for dry dates and Huqul is the renting of land.


Book 010, Number 3731:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding Muhaqala and Muzabana.


Book 010, Number 3732:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) having forbidden Mazabana and Muhaqala. Muzibana means the buying of fruits on the trees and Muhaqala is the renting of land.


Book 010, Number 3733:

Zaid b. Amr reported: I heard Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) say: We did not see any harm in renting of the land, but as the first year was over Rafi’ alleged Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) having forbidden that.


Book 010, Number 3734:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Amr b. Dinar with the same chain of transmitters but (in) the hadith transmitted on the authority of ‘Uyainah (the words are):” We abandoned it (renting) on account of that.”


Book 010, Number 3735:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Rafi forbade us from benefitting from our land (in the form of rent).


Book 010, Number 3736:

Nafi reported that Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) rented his land during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and during the caliphate of Abu Bakr and that of Umar and that of Uthman (Allah be pleased with them) and during the early period of Muawiya’s caliphate until at the end of Muawiya’s reign, it reached him (Ibn ‘Umar) that Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) narratted (a hadith) in which (there was a decree) of prohibition by Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). He (Ibn ‘Umar) went to him (Rafi b. Khadij) and I was with him and he asked him, whereupon he said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to forbid the renting of land. So Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) abandoned it, and subsequently whenever he was asked about it, he said: Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) alleged that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade it.


Book 010, Number 3737:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ayyub and he made an addition in the hadith narrated by Ibn Ulayya in which he said: Ibn Umar abandoned it afterwards and he did not rent it (the land).


Book 010, Number 3738:

Nafi reported: I went to Rafi b. Khadij in the company of Ibn ‘Umar (All be pleased with them) until he (Ibn ‘Umar) came to him at Balat (a place near Prophet’s Mosque at Medina) and he (Rafi b. Khadij) informed him that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had forbidden the renting of land.


Book 010, Number 3739:

Nafi, reported from Ibn Umar (Allah be pleated with them) that he came to Rafi and he narrated this hadith from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him).


Book 010, Number 3740:

Nafi, reported that Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) used to rent the land, and that he was conveyed the hadith transmitted on the authority of Rafi b. Khadij. He (the narrator) said: He then went to him along with me. He (Rafi) narrated from some of his uncles in which it was mentioned that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade the renting of land. Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) then abandoned this practice of renting. This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3741:

Salim b. Abdullah reported that AbduUah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with them) used to give land on rent until (this news) reached him that Rafi b. Khadij Ansari used to forbid the renting of land. Abdullah met him and said: Ibn Khadij, what is this that you narrate from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) pertaining to renting of land? Rafi b. Khadij said to Abdullah: I heard it from two uncles of mine and they had participated in the Battle of Badr who narrated to the members of the family that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the renting of land. Abdullah said: I knew it that the land was rented during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). Abdullah then apprehended that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) might have said something new in this connection (in regard to prohibition of renting) which I failed to know. So he abandoned the renting of land.


Chapter 18: RENTING OF LAND FOR FOOD


Book 010, Number 3742:

Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We used to give on rent land during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). We rented it on the share of one-third or one-fourth of the (produce) along with a definite quantity of corn. One day a person from among my uncles came to us and said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade us this act which was a source of benefit to us, but the obedience to Allah and to His Messenger (may peace be upon him) is more beneficial to us. He forbade us that we should rent land with one-third or one-fourth of (the produce) and the corn of a measure, and he commanded the owner of land that he should cultivate it or let it be cultivated by other (persons) but he showed disapproval of renting it or anything besides it.


Book 010, Number 3743:

Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We used to give land on rent, and we rented it on one-third or one-fourth share. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 010, Number 3744:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Rafi’ b. Khadij with the same chain of transmitters, but in it no mention is made of some of his uncles.


Book 010, Number 3745:

Rafi (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Zuhair b. Rafi (who was his uncle) came to me and said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade a practice which was useful for us. I said: What is this? (I believe) that whatrver Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) says is absolutely true. He (Zuhair) said that he (the Holy Prophet) asked me: What do you do with your cultivable lands? I said: Allah’s Messenger, we rent those irrigated by canals for dry dates or barley. He said: Don’t do that. Cultivate them or let them be cultivated (by others) or retain them yourself.


Book 010, Number 3746:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Rafi from the Prophet (may peace be upon him) about this, but he did not make mention of his uncle Zuhair.


Chapter 19: RENTING OF LAND BY GOLD AND SILVER


Book 010, Number 3747:

Hanzala b. Qais reported that he asked Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) about renting of land, whereupon he said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the renting of land. I said: Is it forbidden (even if it is paid) in gold (dinar) and silver (dirham)? Thereupon he said: If it is paid in gold and silver, there is no harm in it.


Book 010, Number 3748:

Hanzala b. Qais al-Ansri reported: I asked Rafi’ b. Khadij about the renting of land for gold and silver, whereupon he said: There is no harm in it for the people let out land situated near canals and at the ends of the streamlets or portion of fields. (But it so happened) that at times this was destroyed and that was saved. whereas (on other occasions) this portion was saved and the other was destroyed and thus no rent was payable to the people (who let out lands) but for this one (which was saved). It was due to this that he (the Holy Prophet) prohibited it. But if there is something definite and reliable (e. g. money). there is no harm in it.


Book 010, Number 3749:

Hanzala reported that he heard Rafi’ b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) say: We were the major agriculturists of the Ansar and so we let out land (saying): The produce of this (part of land) would be ours and (the produce) of that would be theirs. But it so happened that at times this (land) gave harvest, but the other one produced nothing. So he (the Holy Prophet) forbade this. But so far as the payment in silver (dirham, a coin) is concerned, he did not forbid.


Book 010, Number 3750:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Sa’id with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 20: IN THE SARE CROPPING AND LEASING


Book 010, Number 3751:

Abdullah b. al Sa’ib reported: I asked Abdullah b. Ma’qil about Muzara’a (cultivating land on share basis in the produce). He said: Thabit b. Dahhak informed me that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade Muzara’a as Ibn Abu Shaiba forbade it with a slight change of words. He (the narrator) said: I asked Ibn Ma’qil but he did not name ‘Abdullah.


Book 010, Number 3752:

Abdullah b. al-Sa’ib reported: We visited ‘Abdullah b. Ma’qil and asked him about sharing of crops, whereupon he said: Thabit alleged that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade Muzara’a and commanded leasing it out on rent (for money) and said: There is no harm in it.


Chapter 21: THE LAND IS GRANTED


Book 010, Number 3753:

Mujahid said to Tiwus: Come along with me to Ibn Rafi b. Khadij in order to listen from him the hadith transmitted on the authority of his father (pertaining to the renting of land) from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). He (Tawus) scolded him and said: By Allah, it I were to know that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had forbidden it, I would have never done it. But it has been narrated to me by one who has better knowledge of it amongst them (and he meant Ibn ‘Abbas) that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: It is better if a person lends, his land to his brother (for cultivation) than that he gets recognised rent on it.


Book 010, Number 3754:

Tawus reported that he let out his land on rent, whereupon Amr said: I said to him: Abu Abd al-Rahrman, I wish if you abandon this renting of land, for they alleged that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade Mukhabara. He siad: Amr, one who has informed me has the best knowledge of it among them (he meant Ibn Abbas). (He said) that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) did not prohibit it altogether, but said: Lending of land by one among you to his brother is better for him than getting a specified amount of produce from it.


Book 010, Number 3755:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them).


Book 010, Number 3756:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: If one among you lets out land to his brother, that is better for him than if he receives such and such (the definite thing). Ibn ‘Abbis (Allah be pleased with them) said: It is Haql, and in the parlance of the Ansr it is Muhaqala.


Book 010, Number 3757:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has land, it is better for him that he should let it out to his brother.


Chapter 22: SHARING OF FRUITS


Book 010, Number 3758:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) contracted with the people of Khaibar the (trees) on the condition that he would have half the produce in fruits and harvest.


Book 010, Number 3759:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) handed over the land of Khaibar (on the condition) of the share of produce of fruits and harvest, and he also gave to his wives every year one hundred wasqs: eighty wasqs of dates and twenty wasqs of barley. When ‘Umar became the caliph he distributed the (lands and trees) of Khaibar, and gave option to the wives of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) to earmark for themselves the land and water or stick to the wasqs (that they got) every year. They differed in this matter. Some of them opted for land and water, and some of them opted for wasqs every year. ‘A’isha and Hafsa were among those who opted for land and water.


Book 010, Number 3760:

Abdullah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) contracted with the people of Khaibar (land and trees on the condition that they should give) half of the yield from land and trees. The rest of the hadith is the same. In the hadith transmitted on the authority of AIi b. Mushir there is no mention of it, but that A’isha and Hafsa were those who opted for land and water, but he (the narrator) said: He (Hadrat ‘Umar, gave option to the wives of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) that land would be earmarked for them, but he made no mention of water.


Book 010, Number 3761:

‘Abdullah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that when Khaibar had been conquered, the Jews asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) to let them continue (cultivation in those lands) on half of the share of yield in fruits and crop, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I will allow you to continue here, so long as we would desire. The rest of the hadith is the same, but with this addition:” The fruit would be distributed equal to the half of Khaibar. And out of hall of the produce of the land, Allah’s Apostle (may peace be be upon him) got the fifth part.”


Book 010, Number 3762:

Abdullah b. Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) returned to the Jews of Khaibar the date-palms of Khaibar and its land on the condition that they should work upon them with their own wealth (seeds, implements), and give half of the yield to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).


Book 010, Number 3763:

Ibn Umar reported that ‘Umar b. al-Khattab (Allah be pleased with him) expelled the Jews and Christians from the land of Hijaz, and that when Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) conquered Khaibar he made up his mind to expel the Jews from it (the territory of Khaibar) because, when that land was conquered, it came under the sway of Allah, that of His Messenger (may peace be upon him) and that of the Muslims. The jews asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) to let them continue there on the condition that they would work on it, and would get in turn half of the fruit (of the trees), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: We would let you continue there so long as we will desire. So they continued (to cultivate the lands) till ‘Umar externed them to Taima’ ang Ariha (two villages in Arabia, but out of Hijaz).


Chapter 23: EXCELLENCE OF PLANTING OF TRESS AND TILLING OF LAND


Book 010, Number 3764:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Never a Muslim plants a tree, but he has the reward of charity for him, for what is eaten out of that is charity; what is stolen out of that, what the beasts eat out of that, what the birds eat out of that is charity for him. (In short) none incurs a los! k to him but it becomes a charity on his part.


Book 010, Number 3765:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) visited Umm Mubashshir al-Ansariya at her orchard of date-palms and said to her: Who has planted these trees of dates-a Muslim or a non-Musim? She said: A Muslim, of course, whereupon he said: Never a Muslim plants, or cultivates a land, and it out of that men eat, or the animals eat, or anything else eats, but that becomes charity on his (planter’s) behalf.


Book 010, Number 3766:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: Never does a Muslim plant, or cultivate, but has reward for him for what the beasts eat, or the birds eat or anything else eats out of that.


Book 010, Number 3767:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) visited the orchard of Umm Ma’sud and said: Umm Ma’bad. he who has planted this tree, is he a Muslim or a non-Muslim? She said: Of course, he is a Muslim, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: No Muslim who plants (trees) and from their fruits the human beings or the beasts or birds eat, but that would be taken as an act of charity on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 010, Number 3768:

This hadith is transmitted on the authority of Abu Muawiya (but With a slight change of words).


Book 010, Number 3769:

Anas reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying Never does a Muslim plant trees or cultivate land and birds or a man or a beast eat out of them but that is a charity on his behalf.


Book 010, Number 3770:

Anas b. Malik (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) visited the date-palms of Umm Mubashshir (Allah be pleased with her), a lady from the Ansar, and said: Who planted this palm-a Muslim or an unbelievers The rest of the hadith is the same.


Chapter 24: REMISSION IN THE PAYMENT OF YIELD STRICKEN BY CALAMITY


Book 010, Number 3771:

Jabir b. Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: If You sell fruits to your brother (and Jabir b. Ahduthh reported through another chain of narrators: If you were to sell fruits to your brother) and these is a stricken with Calamity, it is not permissible for you to get anything from him. Why do you get the wealth of your brother, without jutification?


Book 010, Number 3772:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Juraij with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3773:

Anas (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of the fruit of date-palms until it becomes mellow. We (some of the other narrators in the chain of transmitters) said: What does the word” mellow” mean? He said: (There the fruit) turns red or yellow. Don’t you see if Allah had checked (the growth of) fruits; then what for the wealth of your brother would be permissible for you?


Book 010, Number 3774:

Anas b. Malik (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of fruits until these are mellow. They (the companions of Anas) said: What is meant by” mellow”? He said: It implies that these became red. He said: When Allah hinders the growth of fruits, (then) what for the wealth of your brother would become permissible for you?


Book 010, Number 3775:

Anas (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: If Allah does not fructify them, then what is permissible for one of you to take the wealth of his brother?


Book 010, Number 3776:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) commanded to make deductions in the payment of that stricken with a Calamity.


Chapter 25: EXCELLENCE OF MAKING REDUCTION IN THE DEBT


Book 010, Number 3777:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleeased with him) reported that in the time of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a man suffered loss in fruits he had bought and his debt increased; so Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) told (the people) to give him charity and they gave him charity, but that was not enough to pay the debt in full, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to his creditors:” Take what you find, you will have nothing but alms.


Book 010, Number 3778:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Bukair b. al-Ashajj with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3779:

A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) heard the voices of altercation of two disputants at the door; both the voices were quite loud. The one demanded some remission and desired that the other one should show leniency to him, whereupon the (other one) was saying: By Allah will not do that. Then there came Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) to them and said: Where is he who swears by Allah that he would not do good? He said: Massenger of Allah, it is I. He may do as he desires.


Book 010, Number 3780:

Abdullah b. Ka’ab b. Malik reported from his father that he pressed in the mosque Ibn Abu Hadrad for the payment of the debt that he owed to him during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). (In this altercation) their voices became loud, until Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) heard them, while he was in the house, so Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came out towards them, and he lifted the curtain of his apartment and he called upon Ka’b b. Malik and said: O Ka’b. He said: At thy beck and call, Allah’s Messenger. He pointed out with the help of his hand to remit half of the loan due to him. Ka’b said: Allah’s Messenger, I am ready to do that, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said (to Ibn Abu Hadrad): Stand up and make him the payment (of the rest).


Book 010, Number 3781:

Ka’b b. Malik reported that he made a demand for the payment of the debt that Ibn Abu Hadrad owed to him. This hadith is narrated through another chain of transmitters and (the words are):” He had to get the loan from Abdullah b. Hadrad al-Aslami. He met him and pressed him for payment. There was an altercation between them, until their voices became loud. There happened to pass by them Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he said: O Ka’b, and pointed out with his hand in such a way as he meant half. So he got half of what he (Ibn Abu Hadrad) owed to him and remitted the half.”


Chapter 26: IF THE BUYER BECOMES INSOLVENT AND THE SELLER FINDS THE COMMODITY SOLD TO THE BUYER INTACT, HE CAN TAKE IT BACK


Book 010, Number 3782:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who found his property intact with a person (who bought it but who later on) became insolvent (or a person who became insolvent), he (the seller) is entitled to get it more than anyone else. ‘


Book 010, Number 3783:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Yahya b. Sa’id with the same chain of transmitters (but with a slight variation of words and these are)” Whenever a man becomes poor.”


Book 010, Number 3784:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) saying about a person who becomes insolvent and (the thing bought by him) is found intact with him, that belongs to one who sold it.


Book 010, Number 3785:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a man becomes insolvent (and the other) man (the seller) finds his commodity intact with him, he is more entitled to get it (than anyone else)


Book 010, Number 3786:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Qatada with the same chain of transmitters (but with a change of these words):” He is more entitled to get it than any other creditor.”


Book 010, Number 3787:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a inan becomes insolvent, and the other person (seller) finds his goods intact with him, he is more entitled to get them than anyone else.


Chapter 27: MERIT OF GIVING RESPITE TO ONE WHO IS IN STRAITENED CIRCUMSTANCES


Book 010, Number 3788:

Hudhaifa reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying The angels took away the soul of a person who had lived among people who were before you. They (the angels) said: Did you do anything good? He said: No. they said: Try to recall. He said: I used to lend to people and order my servants to give respite to one in straitened circumstances and give allowance to the solvent, for Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, said (to the angels): You should ignore (his failing).


Book 010, Number 3789:

Hudhaifa reported: A person met his Lord (after death) and He said: What (good) did you do? He said: I did no good except this that I was a rich man, and I demanded from the people (the repayment of debt that I advanced to them). I, however, accepted that which the solvent gave and remitted (the debt) of the insolvent, whereupon He (the Lord) said: You should ignore (the faults) of My servant. Abu Mas’ud (Allah be pleased with him) said: This is what I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying.


Book 010, Number 3790:

Hudhaifa (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: A person died and he entered Paradise. It was said to him What (act) did you do? (Either he recalled it himself or he was made to recall), he said I used to enter into transactions with people and I gave respite to the insolvent and did not show any strictness in case of accepting a coin or demanding cash payment. (For these acts of his) he was granted pardon. Abu Mas’ud said: I heard this from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).


Book 010, Number 3791:

Hudhaifa (Allah be pleased with him) reported: A servant from amongst the servants of Allah was brought to Him whom Allah had endowed with riches. He (Allah) said to him: What (did you do) in the world? (They cannot conceal anything from Allah) He (the person) said: O my Lord, You endowed me with Your riches. I used to enter into transactions with people. It was my nature to be lenient to (my debtors). I showed leniency to the solvent and gave respite to the insolvent, whereupon Allah said: I have more right than you to do this to connive at My servant. ‘Uqba b. ‘Amir al-Juhani and Abu Mas’ud said: This is what we heard from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).


Book 010, Number 3792:

Abu Mas’ud (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A person from people who lived before you was called to account (by Allah at the Day of Judgment) and no good was found in his account except this that lie being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had commanded his servants to show leniency to the straitened ones. Upon this Allah, the Exalted and Majestic, said: We have more right to this, so overlook (his faults).


Book 010, Number 3793:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There was a person who gave loans to the people and said to his men: When an insolvent comes to you show him leniency that Allah may overlook our (faults). So when he met Allah, He overlooked his faults (forgave him).


Book 010, Number 3794:

A hadith like this is narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him).


Book 010, Number 3795:

Abdullah b. Abu Qatida reported that Abu Qatada (Allah be pleased with him) demanded (the payment of his debt) from his debtor but he disappeared; later on he found him and he said: I am hard up financially, whereupon he said: (Do you state it) by God? He said: By God. Upon this he (Qatada) said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who loves that Allah saves him from the torments of the Day of Resurrection should give respite to the insolvent or remit (his debt) This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ayyob with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 28: IT IS FORBIDDEN FOR A SOLVENT TO MAKE DELAY IN THE PAYMENT OF DEBT, AND THE DESIRABILITY OF A REFERENCE, AND IT IS EXCELLENT FOR THE RICH MAN TO ACCEPT THAT WHEN REFERENCE IS MADE TO HIM


Book 010, Number 3796:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Delay (in the payment of debt) on the part of a rich man is injustice, and when one of you is retired to a rich man, he should follow him.


Book 010, Number 3797:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him).


Chapter 29: PROHIBITION OF THE SALE OF EXCESS WATER IN THE BARREN LANDS, AND PREVENTING PEOPLE TO USE IT, AND HIRING A CAMEL TO COVER A SHE-CAMEL


Book 010, Number 3798:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (, Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of excess water.


Book 010, Number 3799:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the hiring of a Camel to cover a she-Camel and from selling water and land to be tilled. So from all this the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) forbade.


Book 010, Number 3800:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Excess water must not be withheld so that the growth of herbage may be hindered.


Book 010, Number 3801:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not withhold excess of water, so that you may prevent the growth of herbage.


Book 010, Number 3802:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The excess of water should not be sold in order to enable the sate of herbage.


Chapter 30: THE PRICE OF A DOG, THE SWEETS OF A KAHIN, THE EARNINGS OF A PROSTITUTE AND THE SELLING OF A CAT ALL FORBIDDEN


Book 010, Number 3803:

Aba Mas’ud al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the charging of price of the dog, and earnings of a prostitute and sweets offered to a kahin.


Book 010, Number 3804:

A hadith like this is reported on the authority of Abu Mas’ud through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3805:

Rafi b. Khadij (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The worst earning is the earning of a prostitute, the price of a dog and the earning of a cupper.


Book 010, Number 3806:

Rafi b. Khadij reported Allah’& Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The price of a dog is evil, the earning of a prostitute is evil and the earning of a cupper is evil.


Book 010, Number 3807:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Rifi’ b. Khadlj through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3808:

Abu Zubair said: I asked Jabir about the price of a dog and a cat; he said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) disapproved of that.


Chapter 31: COMMAND OF KILLING DOGS AND THEN ITS ABROGATION, AND PROHIBITION OF KEEPING THEM BUT FOR HUNTING AND PROTECTION OF LANDS OR CATTLE OR LIKE THAT


Book 010, Number 3809:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) giving command for killing dogs.


Book 010, Number 3810:

Ibn ‘Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ordered to kill dogs, and he sent (men) to the corners of Medina that they should be killed.


Book 010, Number 3811:

Abdullah (b. Umar) (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ordered the killing of dogs and we would send (men) in Medina and its corners and we did not spare any dog that we did not kill, so much so that we killed the dog that accompanied the wet she-camel belonging to the people of the desert.


Book 010, Number 3812:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be, upon him) ordered the killing of dogs except the dog tamed for hunting, or watching of the herd of sheep or other domestic animals. It was said to Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) that Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) talks of (exception) about the dog for watching the field, whereupon he said: Since Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) possessed land.


Book 010, Number 3813:

Abu Zubair heard Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with him) saying: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ordered us to kill dogs, and we carried out this order so much so that we also kill the dog coming with a woman from the desert. Then Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade their killing. He (the Holy Prophet further) said: It is your duty the jet-black (dog) having two spots (on the eyes), for it is a devil.


Book 010, Number 3814:

Ibn Mughaffal reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) ordered the killing of dogs and then said: what is the trouble with them (the people of Medina)? How dogs are nuisance to them (the citizens of Medina)? He then permitted keehing of dogs for hunting and (the protection of) herds. In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Yahya, he (the Holy Prophet) permitted the keeping of dogs for (the protection of) herds, for hunting and (the protection of) cultivated land.


Book 010, Number 3815:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who keeps a dog other than that meant for watching the herd or for hunting loses every day out of his deeds equal to two qirat.


Book 010, Number 3816:

Salim reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: He who kept a dog other than one meant for hunting or for watching the herd, lost two qirat of his reward every day.


Book 010, Number 3817:

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying He who kept a dog other than one meant for hunting or for watching the herd lost out of his deeds (equal to) two qirat every day.


Book 010, Number 3818:

Salim b. ‘Abdullah reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who kept a dog other than one meant for watching the herd or for hunting would lose every day two qirat of his good deeds. ‘Abdullah and Abu Huraira also said: Or dog meant for watching the field.


Book 010, Number 3819:

Salim reported on the authority of his father (Allah be pleased with him) that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who kept a dog other than one meant for hunting or for the protection of the herd would lose two qirat of his deeds every day. Salim said: Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) used to say: Or the dog meant for watching the field, and he was the owner of the land.


Book 010, Number 3820:

Salim b. Abdullah reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Whosover amongst the owners of the house keeps a dog other than one meant for watching the herd or for hunting loses two qirat of his deeds every day.


Book 010, Number 3821:

Ibn Umar (Allah be pleased with them) narrated Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog ther than one meant for watching the fields or herds or hunting would lose one qirat every day out of his reward (with God).


Book 010, Number 3822:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog which is neither meant for hunting nor for watching the anitmals nor for watching the fields would lose two qirat every day out of his reward; and there is no mention of the fields in the hadith transmitted by Abu Tahir.


Book 010, Number 3823:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog except one meant for watching the herd, or for hunting or for watching the fields. he lost two qirat of reward every day. Zuhri said: The words of Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) were conveyed to Ibn Umar who said: May Allah have mercy upon Abu Huraira; he owned a field.


Book 010, Number 3824:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog would lose out of his deeds equal to one qirat every day. except (one kept) for watching the field or herd.


Book 010, Number 3825:

A hadith like this has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Huraira.


Book 010, Number 3826:

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Yahya b. Abu Kathir with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3827:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog, but not meant for hunting or watching the herd, would lose one qirat of reward every day.


Book 010, Number 3828:

Sufyan b. Abu Zuhair (he was a person belonging to the tribe of Shanu’a and was amongst the Conpanions of Allah’s Messenger [may peace be upon him ) said: I heard Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who kept a dog (other than that) which is indispensable for watching the field or the animals would lose one qirat out of his deeds every day. As-Sa’ib b Yazid (one of the narrators) said: Did you hear it from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him)? He said: Yes. by the Lord of this mosque.


Book 010, Number 3829:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Sufyan b. Abu Zuhair al-Shana’i.


Chapter 32: IT IS PERMISSIBLE TO GET THE WAGES OF CUPPING


Book 010, Number 3830:

It is narrated on the authority of Humaid that Anas b. Malik was asked about the earnings of the cupper. He said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) got himself cupped. His cupper was Abu Taiba and he (the Holy Prophet) commanded to give him two sa’s of corn. He (the Holy Prophet) talked with the members of his family and they lightened the burden of Kharaj (tax) from him (i. e. they made remis- sion in the charges of their own accord). He (Allah’s Apostle) said: The best (treat- ment) which you take is cupping, or it is the best of your treatments.


Book 010, Number 3831:

Rumaid reported that Anas b. Malik (Allah be pleased with him) has asked about the earnings of a cupper. Then (the above-mentioned hadith was reported but with this addition) that he said: The best treatment which you get is cupping. or aloeswood and do not torture your children by pressing their uvula.


Book 010, Number 3832:

Humaid reported Anas (Allah be pleased with him) having said this: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) called for young cupper belonging to us. He capped him and he (the Holy Prophet) commanded that he should be paid one sa’ or one mudd or two mudds (of wheat). It was said (that charges were high) and a reduction was made in the charges.


Book 010, Number 3833:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) got himself cupped and he paid the clipper his charges and he put medicine in his nostrils.


Book 010, Number 3834:

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported: The slave of Banu Bayada cupped Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he gave him his wages, and talked to his master and he reduced the charges, and if this earning was unlawful Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) would not have given it.


Chapter 33: THE SALE QF WINE IS FORBIDDEN


Book 010, Number 3835:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) addressing in Medina. He said: O people, Allah is giving an indication (of the prohibition) of wine. and He is probably soon going to give an order about it. So he who has anything of it with him should sell that, and derive benefit out of it. He (the narrator) said: We waited for some time that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Verily Allah, the Exalted, has forbidden wine. So who hears this verse and he has anything of it with him, he should neither drink it nor sell it. He (the narrator) said: The people then brought whatever they had of it with them on the streets of Medina and spilt that.


Book 010, Number 3836:

‘Abd al-Rahman b. Wa’ala as-Saba’i (who was an Egyptian) asked ‘Abdullah b. Abbas; (Allah be pleased with them) about that which is extracted from the grapes, whereupon he said: A person presented to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) a small water-skin of wine. Allab’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Do you know that Allah has forbidden it? He said: No. He then whisper- ed to another man. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) asked him what he had whispered. He said: I advised him to sell that, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Verily He Who has forbidden its drinking has forbidden its sale also. He (the narrator) said: He opened the waterskin until what was contained in it was spilt.


Book 010, Number 3837:

‘Abd al-Rahman b. Wa’ala narrated this on the authority of ‘Abdullah b. Abbas.


Book 010, Number 3838:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: When the concluding verses of Sura Baqara were revealed, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) went out and read them out to the people and then forbade them to trade in wine.


Book 010, Number 3839:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: When the concluding verses of Sura Baqara pertaining to Riba were revealed, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) went out to the mosque and he forbade the trade in wine.


Chapter 34: PROHIBITION OF THE SALE OF WINE, CARCASS, SWINE AND IDOLS


Book 010, Number 3840:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying in the Year of Victory while he was in Mecca: Verily Allah and His Messenger have forbidden the sale of wine, carcass, swine and idols, It was said: Allah’s Messenger, you see that the fat of the carcass is used for coating the boats and varnishing the hides and people use it for lighting purposes, whereupon he said: No, it is forbidden, Then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: May Allah the Exalted and Majestic destroy the Jews; when Allah forbade the use of fat of the carcass for them, they melted it, and then sold it and made use of its price (received from it).


Book 010, Number 3841:

Yazid b. Abu Habib reported: ‘Ata’ reported to me that he heard Jabir (b. ‘Abdullah) saying it that he had heard that from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in the Year of Victory.


Book 010, Number 3842:

Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with him) reported: This news reached ‘Umar that Samura had sold wine, whereupon he said: May Allah destroy Samura; does he not know that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said:” Let there be the curse of Allah upon the Jews that fat was declared forbidden for them, but they melted it and then sold it”?


Book 010, Number 3843:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Amr b. Dinar with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3844:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: May Allah destroy the Jews for Allah forbade the use of fat for them, but they sold it and made use of its price.


Chapter 35: RIBA (USURY)


Book 010, Number 3845:

Abu Salid al-Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not sell gold for gold, except like for like, and don’t increase something of it upon something; and don’t sell silver unless like for like, and don’t increase some thing of it upon something, and do not sell for ready money something to be given later.


Book 010, Number 3846:

Nafi’ reported that Ibn ‘Umar told him that a person of the tribe of Laith said that Abu Sa’id al-Kludri narrated it (the above-mentioned hadith) from tile Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) in a narration of Qutaiba. So ‘Abduliali and Nafi’ went along with him, and in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Rumh (the words are) that Nafi’ said: ‘Abdullah (b. ‘Umar) went and I along with the person belonging to Banu Laith entered (the house) of Sa’id al-Khudri, and he (‘Abdullah b. Umar) said: I have been informed that you say that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of silver with silver except in case of like for like, and sale of gold for gold except in case of like for like. Abu Sa’id pointed towards this eyes and his ears with his fingers and said: My eyes saw, and my ears listened to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: Do not sell gold for gold, and do not sell silver for silver except in case of like for like, and do not increase something of it upon something, and do not sell for ready money something, not present, but hand to hand.


Book 010, Number 3847:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3848:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not sell gold for gold and silver for silver weight for weight or of the same quality.


Book 010, Number 3849:

‘Uthman b. ‘Affan reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not sell a dinar for two dinars and one dirham for two dirhams.


Chapter 36: CONVERSION OF CURRENCY AND SELLING OF GOLD FOR SILVER ON THE SPOT


Book 010, Number 3850:

Malik b. Aus b. al-Hadathan reported: I came saying who was prepared toexchange dirhams (for my gold), whereupon Talha b. Ubaidullah (Allah be pleased with him) (as he was sitting with ‘Umar b. Khattib) said: Show us your gold and then come to us (at a later time). When our servant would come we would give you your silver (dirhams due to you). Thereupon ‘Umar b. al-Khattib (Allah be pleased with him) said: Not at all. By Allah, either give him his silver (coins). or return his gold to him, for Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Exchange of silver for gold (has an element of) interest in it. except when (it is exchanged) on the spot;and wheat for wheat is an interest unless both are handed over on the spot: barley for barley is interest unless both are handed over on the spot; dates for dates is interest unless both are handed over on the Spot.


Book 010, Number 3851:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3852:

Abil Qiliba reported: I was in Syria (having) a circle (of friends). in which was Muslim b. Yasir. There came Abu’l-Ash’ath. He (the narrator) said that they (the friends) called him: Abu’l-Ash’ath, Abu’l-Ash’ath, and he sat down. I said to him: Narrate to our brother the hadith of Ubada b. Samit. He said: Yes. We went out on an expedition, Mu’awiya being the leader of the people, and we gained a lot of spoils of war. And there was one silver utensil in what we took as spoils. Mu’awiya ordered a person to sell it for payment to the people (soldiers). The people made haste in getting that. The news of (this state of affairs) reached ‘Ubada b. Samit, and he stood up and said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding the sale of gold by gold, and silver by silver, and wheat by wheat, and barley by barley, and dates by dates, and salt by salt, except like for like and equal for equal. So he who made an addition or who accepted an addition (committed the sin of taking) interest. So the people returned what they had got. This reached Mu’awiya. and he stood up to deliver an address. He said: What is the matter with people that they narrate from the Messenger (may peace be upon him) such tradition which we did not hear though we saw him (the Holy Prophet) and lived in his company? Thereupon, Ubida b. Samit stood up and repeated that narration, and then said: We will definitely narrate what we heard from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) though it may be unpleasant to Mu’awiya (or he said: Even if it is against his will). I do not mind if I do not remain in his troop in the dark night. Hammad said this or something like this.


Book 010, Number 3853:

Ubida b. al-Simit (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Gold is to be paid for by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates, and salt by salt, like for like and equal for equal, payment being made hand to hand. If these classes differ, then sell as you wish if payment is made hand to hand.


Book 010, Number 3854:

Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Gold is to be paid for by gold, silver by silver, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, dates by dates, salt by salt, like by like, payment being made hand to hand. He who made an addition to it, or asked for an addition, in fact dealt in usury. The receiver and the giver are equally guilty.


Book 010, Number 3855:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3856:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Dates are to be paid for by dates, wheat by wheat, barley by barley, salt by salt, like for like, payment being made on the spot. He who made an addition or demanded an addition, in fact, dealt in usury except in case where their classes differ. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Fudail b. Ghazwan with the same chain of transmitters, but he made no mention of (payment being) made on the spot.


Book 010, Number 3857:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Mess-., nger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Gold is to be paid for by gold with equal weight, like for like, and silver is to be paid for by silver with equal weight, like for like. He who made an addition to it or demanded an addition dealt in usury.


Book 010, Number 3858:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Let dinar be exchanged for dinar, with no addition on either side and dirham be exchanged for dirham with no addition on either side. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Musa b. Abu Tamim with the same chain of transmitters.


Chapter 37: THE SALE OF SILVER FOR GOLD IS PROHIBITED WHEN PAYMENT IS TO BE MADE IN FUTURE


Book 010, Number 3859:

Abu Minhal reported: My partner sold silver to be paid in the (Hajj) season or (in the days of) Hajj. He (my partner) came to me and informed me, and I said to him: Such transaction is not desirable. He said: I sold it in the market (on loan) but nobody objected to this. I went to al-Bara’ b. ‘Azib and asked him, and he said: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) came to Medina and we made such transaction, whereupon he said: In case the payment is made on the spot, there is no harm in it, and in case (it is ‘sold) on loan, it is usury. You better go to Zaid b. Arqam, for he is a greater trader than I; so I went to him and asked him, and he said like it.


Book 010, Number 3860:

Habib reported that he heard Abu Minhal as saying: I asked al-Bara’ b. Azib about the exchange of (gold for silver or vice versa), whereupon he said: you better ask Zaid b. Arqam for he knows more than I. So I asked Zaid but he said: You better ask al-Bara’ for he knows more than I. Then both of them said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of silver for gold when payment is to be made in future.


Book 010, Number 3861:

Abd al-Rabman b. Abia Bakra reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbade the sale of gold for gold, and silver for silver except equal for equal, and commanded us to buy silver for gold as we desired and buy gold for silver as we desired. A person asked him (about the nature of payment), whereupon he said: It is to be made on the spot. This is what I heard (from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him ).


Book 010, Number 3862:

Abd al-Rabman b. Abu Bakra said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) prohibited us. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Chapter 38: THE SALE OF GOLD NECKLACE STUDDED WITH PEARLS


Book 010, Number 3863:

Fadala b. Ubaid al-Ansari reported: A necklace having gold and gems in it was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in Khaibar and it was one of the spoils of war and was put to sale. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The gold used in it should be separated, and then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) further said: (Sell) gold for gold with equal weight.


Book 010, Number 3864:

Fadila b. ‘Ubaid (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I bought on the day (of the Victory of Khaibar) a necklace for twelve dinars (gold coins). It was made of gold studded with gems. I separated (gold from gems) in it, and found (gold) of more (worth) than twelve dinars. I made a mention of it to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), whereupon he said: It should not be sold unless it is separated.


Book 010, Number 3865:

A hadith like this is narrated on the authority of Sa’id b. Yazid with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3866:

Fadala b. ‘Ubaid reported: We were in the company of Allah’s Messenger ( may peace be upon him) on the day (of the Victory of) Khaibar, and made transaction with the Jews for the ‘uqiya of gold for the dinars or three (gold coins), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Do not sell gold for gold but for equal weight


Book 010, Number 3867:

Hanash reported: We were along with Fadala b. Ubaid (Allah be pleased with him) in an expedition. There fell to my and my friend’s lot a necklace made of gold, silver and jewels. I decided to buy that. I asked Fadala b. ‘Ubaid, whereupon he said: Separate its gold and place it in one pan (of the balance) and place your gold in the other pan, and do not receive but equal for equal, for I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who believes in Allah and the Hereafter should not take but equal for equal.


Chapter 39: SALE OF WHEAT LIKE FOR LIKE


Book 010, Number 3868:

Ma’mar b. Abdullah reported that he sent his slave with a sa’ of wheat and said to him: Sell it, and then buy with it barley. The slave went away and he got a sa’ (of barley) and a part of sa’ over and above that. When he came to Ma’mar he informed him about that, whereupon Ma’mar said to him: Why did you do that? Go back and return that, and do not accept but weight, for weight, for I used to hear from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Wheat for wheat and like for like. He (one of the narrators) said: Our food in those days consisted of barley. It was said to him (Ma’mar) that (wheat) is not like that (barley). He replied: I am afraid these may not be similar


Book 010, Number 3869:

Abu Huraira and Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) deputed a person from Banu ‘Adi al-Ansari to collect revenue from Khaibar. He came with a fine quality of dates, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Are all the dates of Khaibar like this? He said: Allah’s Messenger, it is not so. We buy one sa’ of (fine quality of dates) for two sa’s out of total output (including even the inferior quality of dates), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Don’t do that, but like for like, or sell this (the inferior quality and receive the price) and then buy with the price of that, and that would make up the measure.


Book 010, Number 3870:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) deputed a person to collect revenue from Khaibar. He brought fine quality of dates, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Are all the dates of Khaibar like this)? He said: No. We got one sa’ (of fine dates) for two sa’s (of inferior dates), and (similarly) two sa’s for three sa’s. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Don’t do that rather sell the inferior quality of dates for dirhams (money), and then buy the superior quality with the help of dirhams.


Book 010, Number 3871:

Abd Sa’id reported: Bilal (Allah be pleased with him) came with fine quality of dates. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: From where (you have brought them)? Bilal said: We had inferior quality of dates and I exchanged two sa’s (of inferior quality) with one sa (of fine quality) as food for Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Woe! it is in fact usury; therefore, don’t do that. But when you intend to buy dates (of superior quality), sell (the inferior quality) in a separate bargain and then buy (the superior quality). And in the hadith transmitted by Ibn Sahl there is no mention of” whereupon”.


Book 010, Number 3872:

Abu Sa’id (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Dates were brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he said: These dates are not like our dates, whereupon a man said: We sold two sa’s of our dates (in order to get) one sa’, of these (fine dates), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: That is interest; so return (these dates of fine quality), and get your (inferior dates) ; then sell our dates (for money) and buy for us (with the help of money) such (fine dates).


Book 010, Number 3873:

Abu Sa’id (Allah be pleased with him) reported: We were given to eat, during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), dates of different qualities mixed together, and we used to sell two sa’s of these for one sa, (of fine quality of dates). This reached Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), whereupon he said: There should be no exchange of two sa’s of (inferior) dates for one sa (of fine dates) and two sa’s of (inferior) wheat for one sa’ of (fine) wheat. and one dirham for two dirharms.


Book 010, Number 3874:

Abu Nadra reported: I asked Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) about the conversion (of gold and silver for silver and gold). We said: Is it hand to hand exchange? I said: Yes. whereupon he said: There is no harm in it. I informed Abu Sa’id about it, telling him that I had asked Ibn ‘Abbas about it and he said: Is it hand to hand exchange? I said: Yes, whereupon he said: There is no harm in it. He (the narrator) said, or he said like it: We will soon write to him, and he will not give you this fatwa (religious verdict). He said: By Allah, someone of the boy-servants of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) brought dates, but he refused to accept them (on the plea) that those did not seem to be of the dates of our land. He said: Something had happened to the dates of our land, or our dates. So I got these dates (in exchange by giving) excess (of the dates of our land), whereupon he said: You made an addition for getting the fine dates (in exchange) which tantamounts, to interest; don’t do that (in future). Whenever you find some doubt (as regards the deteriorating quality of) your dates, sell them, and then buy the dates that you like.


Book 010, Number 3875:

Abu Nadra reported: I asked Ibn Umar and Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) about the conversion of gold with gold but they did not find any harm in that. I was sitting in the company of Abd Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) and asked him about this exchange, and he said: Whatever is addition is an’ interest. I refused to accept it on account of their statement (statement of Ibn ‘Abbas and Ibn ‘Umar). He said: I am not narrating to you except what I heard from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). There came to him the owner of a date-palm with one sa’ of fine dates, and the dates of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) were of that colour. Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said to him: Where did you get these dates? I went with two sa’s of (inferior dates) and bought one sa’ of (these fine dates), for that is the prevailing price (of inferior dates) in the market and that is the price (of the fine quality of dates in the market), whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Woe be upon you! You have dealt in interest, when you decide to do it (i. e. exchange superior quality of dates for inferior quality) ; so you should sell your dates for another commodity (or currency) and then with the help of that commodity buy the dates you like. Abu Sa’ad said: When dates are exchanged for dates (with different qualities) there is the possibility (of the element of) interest (creeping into that) or when gold is exchanged for gold having different qualities. I subsequently came to Ibn ‘Umar and he forbade me (to do it), but I did not come to Ibn ‘Abbas; (Allah be pleased with them). He (the narrator) said: Abu as-Sahba’ narrated to me: He asked Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) in Mecca, and he too disapproved of it.


Book 010, Number 3876:

Abu Salih reported: I heard Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with him) said: Dinar (gold) for gold and dirham for dirham can be (exchanged) with equal for equal; but he who gives more or demands more in fact deals in interest. I sald to him: Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) says otherwise, whereupon he said: I met Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) and said: Do you see what you say; have you heard it from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), or found it in the Book of Allah, the Glorious and Majestic? He said: I did not hear it from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). and I did not find it in the Book of Allah (Glorious and Majestic), but Usama b. Zaid narrated it to me that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: There can be an element of interest in credit.


Book 010, Number 3877:

Ubaidullah b. Abu Yazid heard Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) as saying: Usama b. Zaid reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: There can be an element of interest in credit (when the payment is not equal).


Book 010, Number 3878:

Ibn ‘Abbas; (Allah be pleased with them) reported on the authority of Usama b. Zaid Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as having said this: There is no element of interest when the money or commodity is exchanged hand to hand.


Book 010, Number 3879:

Ata’ b. Abu Rabah reported: Abu Sa’id al-Khudri (Allah be pleased with them) met Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) and said to him: What do you say in regard to the conversion (of commodities or money) did you hear it from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), or is it something which you found In Allah’s Book, Majestic and Glorious? Thereupon Ibn Abbas (Allah be pleated with them) said: I don’t say that. So far at Allah’s Massenger (may peace be upon him) is concerned, you know him better, and to far as the Book of Allah to concerned, I do not know it (more than you do), but ‘Usama b. Zaid (Allah be pleased with him) narrated to me Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as having said this: Beware, there can be an element of interest in credit.


Chapter 40: HE (THE HOLY PROPHET) CURSED THE ONE WHO ACCEPTSINTEREST AND THE ONE WHO PAYS IT


Book 010, Number 3880:

‘Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) (Allah be pleased with him) said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) cursed the one who accepted interest and the one who paid it I asked about the one who recorded it, and two witnesses to it. He (the narrator) said: We narrate what we have heard.


Book 010, Number 3881:

Jabir said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) cursed the accepter of interest and its payer, and one who records it, and the two witnesses, and he said: They are all equal.


Chapter 41: ACCEPTING THAT WHICH IS LAWFUL AND ABANDONING THAT WHICH IS DOUBTFUL


Book 010, Number 3882:

Nu’man b. Bashir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon himn) as having said this (and Nu’man) pointed towards his ears with his fingers): What is lawful is evident and what is unlawful is evident, and in between them are the things doubtful which many people do not know. So he who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and honour blameless, and he who indulges in doubtful things indulges in fact in unlawful things, just as a shepherd who pastures his animals round a preserve will soon pasture them in it. Beware, every king has a preserve, and the things God his declaced unlawful are His preserves. Beware, in the body there is a piece of flesh; if it is sound, the whole body is sound and if it is corrupt the whole body is corrupt, and hearken it is the heart.


Book 010, Number 3883:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zakariya with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3884:

AI-Nu’man b. Bashir reported it from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). The hadith narrated by Zakariya is, however, more complete and lengthy than the other ones.


Book 010, Number 3885:

Nu’man b. Bashir b. Sa’d, a Companion of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) was heard delivering a sermon at Hims and was saying: I heard Allah’s Messenger (way peace be upon him) as saying: The lawful is evident and the unlawful is evident, the rest of the hadith is the same as related by Zakariya.


Chapter 42: THE SELLING OF THE CAMEL AND STIPULATION OF RIDING ON IT


Book 010, Number 3886:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported that he was travelling on his camel which had grown jaded, and he decided to let it off. When Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) met him and prayed for him and struck it, so it trotted as it had never trotted before. He said: Sell it to me for an ‘uqaya. I said: No. He again said: Sell it to me. So I sold it to him for an ‘uqaya, but made the stipulation that I should be allowed to ride back to my family. Then when I came to (my place) I took the camel to him and he paid me its price in ready money. I then went back and he sent: (someone) behind me (and as I came) he said: Do you see that I asked you to reduce price for buying your camel. Take your camel and your coins; these are yours.


Book 010, Number 3887:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabir through another chain of transmitters.


Book 010, Number 3888:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: I went on an expedition with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). He overtook me and I was on a water-carrying camel who had grown tired and did not walk (trot). He (the Holy Prophet) said to me: What is the matter with your camel? I said: It is sick. He (the Holy Prophet) stepped behind and drove it and prayed for it, and then it always moved ahead of other camels. He (then) said: How do you find your camel? I said: It is, by the grace of your prayer, all right. He said: Would you sell this (camel) to me? I felt shy (to say him,” No” ) as we had no other camel for carrying water, but (later on) I said: Yes, and to I sold it to him on the condition that (I would be permitted) to ride it until I reached Madina. I said to him: Allah’s Messenger, I am newly married, so I asked his permission (to go ahead of the caravan). He permitted me, and I reached Medina well in advance of other people, until I reached my destination. There my maternal uncle met me and asked me about the camel, and I told him what I had done with regard to it. He reproved me in this connection. He (Jabir) said: When I asked his permission (to go ahead of the caravan) Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) inquired of me whether I had married a virgin or a non-virgin. I said to him: I have married a non-virgin. He said: Why did you not marry a virgin who would have played with you and you would have played with her? I said to him: Allah’s Messenger, my father died (or he fell as a martyr), and I have small sisters to (look after), so I did not like the idea that I should marry a woman who is like them and thus be not able to teach them manners and look after them properly. So I have married a non-virgin so that she should be able to look after them and teach them manners, When Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to Medina, I went to him in the morning with the camel. He paid me its price and returned that (the camel) to me.


Book 010, Number 3889:

Jabir reported: We went from Mecca to Medina with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) when my camel fell ill, and the rest of the hadith is the same. (But it in also narrated in it: ) He (the Holy Prophet) said to me: Sell your camel to me. I said: No, but it is yours. He said: No. (it can’t be), but sell it to me. I said: No, but, Allah’s Messenger, it is yours. He said: No, it can’t be, but sell it to me. I said: Then give me an ‘uqaya of gold for I owe that to a person and then it would be yours. He (the Holy Prophet) said: I take it (for an ‘uqiya of gold) and you reach Medina on it. As I reached Medina, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to Bilal: Give him an ‘uqiya of gold and make some extra payment too. He (Jabir) said: He gave me an ‘uqiya of gold and made an addition of a qirat. He (Jabir) said: The addition made by Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) was with me (as a sacred trust for belssing) and lay with me in a pocket until the people of Syria took it on the Day of Harra.


Book 010, Number 3890:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: We were with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in a journey and my camel meant for carrying water lagged behind. The rest of the hadith is the same and it is mentioned also: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) pricked it and then said to me: Ride in the name of Allah. He constantly made addition (in prayers for me) and went on saying. May Allah forgive you!


Book 010, Number 3891:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: My camel had grown tired as Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to me. He goaded it and it began to jump. After that I tried to restrain its rein so that I could listen to his (Prophet’s) words, but I could not do that. Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) met me and said: Sell it to me, and I sold it for five ‘uqiyas. I said: On the condition that I may use it as a ride (for going back) to Medina. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Well, you may use it as a ride up till Medina. When I came to Medina I handed over that to him and he made an addition of an uqiya (to that amount which had been agreed upon) and then presented that (camel) to me.


Book 010, Number 3892:

Abd Mutawakkil al-Najl reported from Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) who said: I accompanied Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in one of his journeys (the narrator says, he said in Jihad), and he narrated the rest of the hadith, and made this addition: He (the Holy Prophet) said: Jabir, have you received the price? I said: Yes, whereupon he said: Yours is the price as well as the camel; yours is the price as well as the camel.


Book 010, Number 3893:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) bought a camel from me for two ‘uqiyas and a dirham or two dirhams. As he reached Sirar (a village near Medina), he commanded a cow to be slaughtered and it was slaughtered, and they ate of that, and as he (the Holy Prophet) reached Medina he ordered me to go to the mosque and offer two rak’ahs of prayer, and he measured for me the price of the camel and even made an excess payment to me.


Book 010, Number 3894:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported this narration from Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) but with this variation that he said: He (the Holy Prophet) bought the camel from me on a stipulated price. And he did not mention two ‘uqiyas and a dirham or two dirhams, and he comanded a cow (to be slaughtered) and it was slaughtered, and he then distributed its flesh.


Book 010, Number 3895:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said to him: I have taken your camelfor four dinars, and you may ride upon it to Medina.


Chapter 43: HE WHO TOOK SOMETHING AS A LOAN AND MADE ITS PAYMENT BACK, OVER AND ABOVE THAT (IS APPROVED) AND BEST AMONG YOU IS ONE WHO IS BEST IN MAKING PAYMENT


Book 010, Number 3896:

Abu Rafi’ reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took from a man as a loan a young camel (below six years). Then the camels of Sadaqa were brought to him. He ordered Abu Rafi’ to return to that person the young camel (as a return of the loan). Abu Rafi’ returned to him and said: I did not find among them but better camels above the age of six. He (the Holy Propet) said: Give that to him for the best men are those who are best in paying off the debt.


Book 010, Number 3897:

Abu Rafi’, the freed slave of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took as a loan (the rest of the hadith is the same), but with this variation that he (the Holy Prophet) said: Good amongst the servants of Allah is he who is best in paying off the debt.


Book 010, Number 3898:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) owed (something) to a person. He behaved in an uncivil manner with him. This vexed the Companions of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him), whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: He who has a right is entitled to speak, and said to them (his Companions): Buy a camel for him and give that to him. They said: We do not find a camel (of that age) but one with better age than that. He said: Buy that and give that to him, for best of you or best amongst you are those who are best in paying off debt.


Book 010, Number 3899:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took a camel on loan, and then returned him (the lender) the camel of a more mature age and said: Good among you are those who are good in clearing off the debt.


Book 010, Number 3900:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a person demanding a camel from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). He (the Holy Prophet) said: Give him (the camel) of that age or of more mature age, and said: Best among you is one who is best in clearing off the debt.


Chapter 44: PERMISSIBILITY OF SELLING AN ANIMAL FOR AN ANIMAL OF ITS KIND BY SUPERIORITY


Book 010, Number 3901:

Jabir (Allah be pleased with him) reported: There came a slave and pledg- ed allegiance to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) on migration; he (the Holy Prophet) did not know that he was a slave. Then there came his master and demanded him back, whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Sell him to me. And he bought him for two black slaves, and he did not afterwards take allegiance from anyone until he had asked him whether he was a slave (or a free man)


Chapter 45: PLEDGE AND ITS PERMISSIBILITY WHETHER AT RESIDENCE OR IN A JOURNEY


Book 010, Number 3902:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) bought some grain from a Jew on credit and gave him a coat-of- mail of his as a pledge.


Book 010, Number 3903:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) bought from a Jew grain (as loan) and pledged him his iron coat-of-mail.


Book 010, Number 3904:

‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) bought from a Jew grain for a specified time; and gave him iron coat-of-mail of his as a pledge.


Book 010, Number 3905:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘A’isha (Allah be pleased with her), through another chain ol transmitters, but no mention was made of (its being made) of iron.


Chapter 46: OF SALAM SALE


Book 010, Number 3906:

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported that when Allah’s Prophet (may peace be upon him) came to Medina, they were paying one and two years in advance for fruits, so he said: Those who pay in advance for anything must do so for a specified weight and for a definite time.


Book 010, Number 3907:

Ibn ‘Abbas (Allah be pleased with them) reported that when Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to (Medina) and the people were paying in advance (for the fruits, etc.), he said to them: He who makes an advance payment should not make advance payment except for a specified measure and weight (and for a specified period).


Book 010, Number 3908:

Ibn Abu Najih has narrated a hadith like this with the same chain of transmitters, but he has not mentioned:” for a definite period”.


Book 010, Number 3909:

This hadith has been narrated by Ibn Abu Najih through another chain of transmitters mentioning in it” for a specified period”.


Chapter 47: HOARDING OF FOODSTUFF IS FORBIDDEN


Book 010, Number 3910:

Ma’mar (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who hoards is a sinner. It was said to Sa’id (b. al-Musayyib): You also hoard. Sa’id said: Ma’mar who narrated this badith also hoarded.


Book 010, Number 3911:

Ma’mar b. Abdullah reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: No one hoards but the sinner.


Book 010, Number 3912:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Sulaiman b. Bilal from Yahya.


Chapter 48: PROHIBITION OF TAKING OATH IN BUSINESS TRANSACTION


Book 010, Number 3913:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) said he heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Swearing produces a ready sale for a commodity, but blots out the blessing.


Book 010, Number 3914:

Abu Qatada al-Ansari (Allah be pleased with him) reported he heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say: Beware of swearing; it produces a ready sale for a commodity, but blots out the blessing.


Chapter 49: SHUF’A (PRE-EMPTION)


Book 010, Number 3915:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has a partner in a dwelling or a garden, it is not lawful for him to sell that until he is permitted by his partner. If he (the partner) agrees, he should go in for that, and if he disapproves of that, he should abandon (the idea of selling it).


Book 010, Number 3916:

Jabir bin ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) said that the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) decreed pre-emption in every joint ownership and not divided-the one-it may be a dwelling or a garden. It is not lawful for him (for the partner) to sell that until his partner gives his consent. He (the partner) is entitled to buy it when he desires and he can abandon it if he so likes. And if he (the one partner) sells it without getting the consent of the (other partner), he has the greatest right to it.


Book 010, Number 3917:

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is pre-emption in everything which is shared, be it land, or a dwelling or a garden. It is not proper to sell it until he informs his partner; he may go in for that, or he may abandon it; and it he (the partner intending to sell his share) does not do that, then his partner has the greatest right to it until he permits him.


Chapter 50: FIXING A BEAM IN THE NEIGHBORS WALL


Book 010, Number 3918:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None among you should prevent his neighbour from fixing a beam in his wall. Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) then said: What is this that I see you evading (this injunction of the Holy Prophet)? By Allah, I will certainly throw it between your shoulders (narrate this to you.)


Book 010, Number 3919:

This hadith is narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transrmitters.


Chapter 51: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO SEIZE LAND AND OTHER THINGS WITHOUT LEGITIMATE RIGHT


Book 010, Number 3920:

Sa’id b. Zaid b. ‘Amr b. Nufail (Allah be pleased with them) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who wrongly took a span of land, Allah shall make him carry around his neck seven earths.


Book 010, Number 3921:

Sa’id b. Zaid b. ‘Amr b. Nufail (Allah be pleased with them) reported that Arwi (bint Uwais) disputed with him (in regard to a part of the land) of his hodse. He said: Leave it and take off your claim from it, for I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who took a span of land without his right would be made to wear around his neck seven earths on the Day of Resurrection. He (Sa’id b. Zaid) said: O Allah, make her blind if she has told a lie and make her grave in her house. He (the narrator) said: I saw her blind groping (her way) by touching the walls and saying: The curse of Sa’id b. Zaid has hit me. And it so happened that as she was walking in her house, she passed by a well in her house and fell therein and that be- came her grave.


Book 010, Number 3922:

Hisham b. Urwa reported on the authority of his father (Allah be pleased with him) that Arwa bint Uwais disputed with Sa’id b. Zaid that he had seized some of the land belonging to her. She brought this dispute before Marwan b. al-Hakam. Sa’id said: How could I take a part of her land, after what I heard from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon’him)? He (Marwan) said: What did you hear from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him)? He said: I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say: He who wrongly took a span of land would be made to wear around his neck seven earths. Marwan said: I do not ask any evidence from you after this. He (Sa’id) said: O Allah, make her blind if she has told a lie and kill her in her own land. He (the narrator) said: She did not die until she had lost her eyesight, and (one day) as she was walking in her land, she fell down into a pit and died.


Book 010, Number 3923:

Sa’id b. Zaid reported: I heard Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) say: He who took a span of earth wrongly would be made to wear around his neck seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 010, Number 3924:

Abu Huraira (Allah be pleased with him) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) as saying: One should not take a span of land without having legitimate right to it, otherwise Allah would make him wear (around his neck) seven earths on the Day of Resurrection.


Book 010, Number 3925:

Muhammad b. Ibrahim said that Abu Salama reported to him that there was between him and his people dispute over a piece of land, and he came to ‘A’isha and mentioned that to her, whereupon she said: Abu Salama, abstain from getting this land, for Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He who usurps even a span of land would be made to wear around his neck seven earths.


Book 010, Number 3926:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Salama with another chain of transmitters.


Chapter 52: HOW MUCH LAND IS TO BE SPARED WHEN THERE IS DISAGREEMENT OVER THE BREADTH OF PATH


Book 010, Number 3927:

Abu Haraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: When you disagree about a path, its breadth should be made seven cubits.


[ Index Page ]

Sahih Bukhari : Book 45: Mortgaging

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 45:

Mortgaging

Volume 3, Book 45, Number 685:

Narrated Anas:

No doubt, the Prophet mortgaged his armor for barley grams. Once I took barley bread with some dissolved fat on it to the Prophet and I heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad did not possess except a Sa (of food grain, barley, etc.) for both the morning and the evening meals although they were nine houses.”


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 686:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet bought some foodstuff on credit for a limited period and mortgaged his armor for it.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 687:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Who would kill Ka’b bin Al-Ashraf as he has harmed Allah and His Apostle ?” Muhammad bin Maslama (got up and) said, “I will kill him.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama went to Ka’b and said, “I want a loan of one or two Wasqs of food grains.” Ka’b said, “Mortgage your women to me.” Muhammad bin Maslama said, “How can we mortgage our women, and you are the most handsome among the Arabs?” He said, “Then mortgage your sons to me.” Muhammad said, “How can we mortgage our sons, as the people will abuse them for being mortgaged for one or two Wasqs of food grains? It is shameful for us. But we will mortgage our arms to you.” So, Muhammad bin Maslama promised him that he would come to him next time. They (Muhammad bin Maslama and his companions came to him as promised and murdered him. Then they went to the Prophet and told him about it.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 688:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “One can ride the mortgaged animal because of what one spends on it, and one can drink the milk of a milch animal as long as it is mortgaged. ”


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 689:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The mortgaged animal can be used for riding as long as it is fed and the milk of the milch animal can be drunk according to what one spend on it. The one who rides the animal or drinks its milk should provide the expenditures.”


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 690:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle bought some foodstuff from a Jew and mortgaged his armor to him.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 691:

Narrated Ibn Abu Mulaika:

I wrote a letter to Ibn ‘Abbas and he wrote to me that the Prophet had given the verdict that the defendant had to take an oath.


Volume 3, Book 45, Number 692:

Narrated Abu Wail:

Abdullah (bin Mas’ud) said, “Whoever took a false oath in order to grab somebody’s property will meet Allah while Allah will be angry with him.” Allah revealed the following verse to confirm that:–“Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant And their oaths…a painful torment.” (3.77)

Al-Ash’ath bin Qais came to us and asked as to what Abu Abdur-Rehman (i.e. Ibn Mas’ud) was telling you.” We related the story to him. On that he said, “He has told the truth. This verse was revealed about me. I had some dispute with another man regarding a well and we took the case before Allah’s Apostle. Allah’s Apostle said (to me), “Produce two witnesses (to support your claim); otherwise the defendant has the right to take an oath (to refute your claim).’ I said, ‘The defendant would not mind to take a false oath.” Allah’s Apostle then said, ‘Whoever took a false oath in order to grab someone else’s property will meet Allah, Allah will be angry with him.’ Allah then revealed what Confirmed it.” Al-Ash’ath then recited the following Verse:–“Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant, And their oaths . . . (to) . . . they shall have a painful torment!’ (3.77) (See Hadith No. 546)


[ Index Page

Sahih Bukhari : Book 35: Sales in which a Price is paid for Goods to be DeliveredLater (As-Salam)

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 35:

Sales in which a Price is paid forGoods to be Delivered Later (As-Salam)

Volume 3, Book 35, Number 441:

Narrated Ibn Abbas:

Allah’s Apostle came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of fruits to be delivered within one or two years. (The sub-narrator is in doubt whether it was one to two years or two to three years.) The Prophet said, “Whoever pays money in advance for dates (to be delivered later) should pay it for known specified weight and measure (of the dates).”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 442:

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:

as above, mentioning only specific measure.


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 443:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the price of dates to be delivered within two or three years. He said (to them), “Whoever pays in advance the price of a thing to be delivered later should pay it for a specified measure at specified weight for a specified period.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 444:

Narrated Ibn Abi Najih:

as above, saying, “He should pay the price in advance for a specified measure and for a specified period.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 445:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet came (to Medina) and he told the people (regarding the payment of money in advance that they should pay it) for a known specified measure and a known specified weight and a known specified period.


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 446:

Narrated Shu’ba:

Muhammad or ‘Abdullah bin Abu Al-Mujalid said, “Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda differed regarding As-Salam, so they sent me to Ibn Abi Aufa and I asked him about it. He replied, ‘In the life-time of Allah’s Apostle, Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, we used to pay in advance the prices of wheat, barley, dried grapes and dates to be delivered later. I also asked Ibn Abza and he, too, replied as above.’ ”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 447:

Narrated Muhammad bin Al-Majalid:

Abdullah bin Shaddad and Abu Burda sent me to ‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa and told me to ask ‘Abdullah whether the people in the life-time of the Prophet used to pay in advance for wheat (to be delivered later). Abdullah replied, “We used to pay in advance to the peasants of Sham for wheat, barley and olive oil of a known specified measure to be delivered in a specified period.” I asked (him), “Was the price paid (in advance) to those who had the things to be delivered later?” Abdullah bin Aufa replied, “We did not use to ask them about that.” Then they sent me to ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza and I asked him. He replied, “The companions of the Prophet used to practice Salam in the life-time of the Prophet; and we did not use to ask them whether they had standing crops or not.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 448:

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:

as above (446) and said, “We used to pay them in advance for wheat and barley (to be delivered later). Narrated Ash-Shaibani–“And also for oil.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 449:

Narrated Ash-Shaibani:

who said “We used to pay in advance for wheat barley and dried grapes.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 450:

Narrated Abu Bakhtari At-Tai:

I asked Ibn ‘Abbas about Salam for (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied “The Prophet forbade the sale a dates on the trees till they became fit for eating and could be weighed.” A man asked what to be weighed (as the dates were still on the trees). Another man sitting beside Ibn ‘Abbas replied, “Till they are cut and stored.” Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari: I heard Ibn Abbas (saying) that the Prophet forbade … etc. as above.


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 451:

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:

I asked Ibn Umar about Salam (the fruits of) date-palms. He replied, “The Prophet forbade the sale of dates till their benefit becomes evident and fit for eating and also the sale of silver (for gold) on credit.” I asked Ibn ‘Abbas about Salam for dates and he replied, “The Prophet forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating and could be estimated.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 452:

Narrated Abu Al-Bakhtari:

I asked Ibn ‘Umar about Salam for dates. Ibn ‘Umar replied, “The Prophet forbade the sale (the fruits) of datepalms until they were fit for eating and also forbade the sale of silver for gold on credit.” I also asked Ibn ‘Abbas about it. Ibn ‘Abbas replied, “The Prophet forbade the sale of dates till they were fit for eating, and could be weighed.” I asked him, “What is to be weighed (as the dates are on the trees)?” A man sitting by Ibn ‘Abbas said, “It means till they are cut and stored.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 453:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle bought some foodstuff (barley) from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him (the armor stands for a guarantor).


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 454:

Narrated Al-A’mash:

We argued at Ibrahim’s dwelling place about mortgaging in Salam. He said, “Aisha said, ‘The Prophet bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and the payment was to be made by a definite period, and he mortgaged his iron armor to him.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 455:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet came to Medina and the people used to pay in advance the prices of fruits to be delivered within two to three years. The Prophet said (to them), “Buy fruits by paying their prices in advance on condition that the fruits are to be delivered to you according to a fixed specified measure within a fixed specified period.” Ibn Najih said, ” … by specified measure and specified weight.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 456:

Narrated Muhammad bin Abi Al-Mujalid:

Abu Burda and ‘Abdullah bin Shaddad sent me to ‘Abdur Rahman bin Abza and ‘Abdullah bin Abi Aufa to ask them about the Salaf (Salam). They said, “We used to get war booty while we were with Allah’s Apostle and when the peasants of Sham came to us we used to pay them in advance for wheat, barley, and oil to be delivered within a fixed period.” I asked them, “Did the peasants own standing crops or not?” They replied, “We never asked them about it.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 457:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

The people used to sell camels on the basis of Habal-al-Habala. The Prophet forbade such sale. Nafi’ explained Habalal-Habala by saying. “The camel is to be delivered to the buyer after the she-camel gives birth.”


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 458:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle gave a verdict regarding Shuf’a in every undivided joint thing (property). But if the limits are defined (or demarcated) or the ways and streets are fixed, then there is no pre-emption.


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 459:

Narrated ‘Amr bin Ash-Sharid:

While I was standing with Sad bin Abi Waqqas, Al-Miswar bin Makhrama came and put his hand on my shoulder. Meanwhile Abu Rafi’, the freed slave of the Prophet came and asked Sad to buy from him the (two) dwellings which were in his house. Sad said, “By Allah I will not buy them.” Al-Miswar said, “By Allah, you shall buy them.” Sad replied, “By Allah, I will not pay more than four thousand (Dirhams) by installments.” Abu Rafi’ said, “I have been offered five hundred Dinars (for it) and had I not heard the Prophet saying, ‘The neighbor has more right than anyone else because of his nearness, I would not give them to you for four-thousand (Dirhams) while I am offered five-hundred Dinars (one Dinar equals ten Dirhams) for them.” So, he sold it to Sad.


Volume 3, Book 35, Number 460:

Narrated Aisha:

I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I have two neighbors and would like to know to which of them I should give presents.” He replied, “To the one whose door is nearer to you.”


Sahih Bukhari : Book 34: Sales and Trade

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 34:

Sales and Trade

Volume 3, Book 34, Number 263:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

You people say that Abu Huraira tells many narrations from Allah’s Apostle and you also wonder why the emigrants and Ansar do not narrate from Allah’s Apostle as Abu Huraira does. My emigrant brothers were busy in the market while I used to stick to Allah’s Apostle content with what fills my stomach; so I used to be present when they were absent and I used to remember when they used to forget, and my Ansari brothers used to be busy with their properties and I was one of the poor men of Suffa. I used to remember the narrations when they used to forget. No doubt, Allah’s Apostle once said, “Whoever spreads his garment till I have finished my present speech and then gathers it to himself, will remember whatever I will say.” So, I spread my colored garment which I was wearing till Allah’s Apostle had finished his saying, and then I gathered it to my chest. So, I did not forget any of that narrations.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 264:

Narrated Ibrahim bin Sad from his father from his grand-father:

Abdur Rahman bin Auf said, “When we came to Medina as emigrants, Allah’s Apostle established a bond of brotherhood between me and Sad bin Ar-Rabi’. Sad bin Ar-Rabi’ said (to me), ‘I am the richest among the Ansar, so I will give you half of my wealth and you may look at my two wives and whichever of the two you may choose I will divorce her, and when she has completed the prescribed period (before marriage) you may marry her.’ Abdur-Rahman replied, “I am not in need of all that. Is there any market-place where trade is practiced?’ He replied, “The market of Qainuqa.” Abdur-Rahman went to that market the following day and brought some dried butter-milk (yogurt) and butter, and then he continued going there regularly. Few days later, ‘AbdurRahman came having traces of yellow (scent) on his body. Allah’s Apostle asked him whether he had got married. He replied in the affirmative. The Prophet said, ‘Whom have you married?’ He replied, ‘A woman from the Ansar.’ Then the Prophet asked, ‘How much did you pay her?’ He replied, ‘(I gave her) a gold piece equal in weigh to a date stone (or a date stone of gold)! The Prophet said, ‘Give a Walima (wedding banquet) even if with one sheep .’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 265:

Narrated Anas:

When Abdur-Rahman bin Auf came to Medina, the Prophet established a bond of brotherhood between him and Sad bin Ar-Rabi al-Ansari. Sad was a rich man, so he said to ‘Abdur-Rahman, “I will give you half of my property and will help you marry.” ‘Abdur-Rahman said (to him), “May Allah bless you in your family and property. Show me the market.” So ‘Abdur-Rahman did not return from the market) till he gained some dried buttermilk (yoghurt) and butter (through trading). He brought that to his house-hold. We stayed for some-time (or as long as Allah wished), and then Abdur-Rahman came, scented with yellowish perfume. The Prophet said (to him) “What is this?” He replied, “I got married to an Ansari woman.” The Prophet asked, “What did you pay her?” He replied, “A gold stone or gold equal to the weight of a date stone.” The Prophet said (to him), “Give a wedding banquet even if with one sheep.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 266:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

‘Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were market-places in the Pre-lslamic period of ignorance. When Islam came, Muslims felt that marketing there might be a sin. So, the Divine Inspiration came: “There is no harm for you to seek the bounty of your Lord (in the seasons of Hajj).” (2.198) Ibn ‘Abbas recited the Verse in this way.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 267:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin Bashir:

The Prophet said “Both legal and illegal things are obvious, and in between them are (suspicious) doubtful matters. So who-ever forsakes those doubtful things lest he may commit a sin, will definitely avoid what is clearly illegal; and who-ever indulges in these (suspicious) doubtful things bravely, is likely to commit what is clearly illegal. Sins are Allah’s Hima (i.e. private pasture) and whoever pastures (his sheep) near it, is likely to get in it at any moment.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 268:

Narrated Abdullah bin Abu Mulaika:

y the same woman)?” His wife was the daughter of Abu Ihab-al-Tamimi.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 269:

Narrated Aisha:

Utba bin Abu Waqqas took a firm promise from his brother Sad bin Abu Waqqas to take the son of the slave-girl of Zam’a into his custody as he was his (i.e. ‘Utba’s) son. In the year of the Conquest (of Mecca) Sad bin Abu Waqqas took him, and said that he was his brother’s son, and his brother took a promise from him to that effect. ‘Abu bin Zam’a got up and said, “He is my brother and the son of the slave-girl of my father and was born on my father’s bed.” Then they both went to the Prophet Sad said, “O Allah’s Apostle! He is the son of my brother and he has taken a promise from me that I will take him.” ‘Abu bin Zam’a said, “(He is) my brother and the son of my father’s slave-girl and was born on my father’s bed.” Allah’s Apostle said, “The boy is for you. O ‘Abu bin Zam’a.” Then the Prophet said, “The son is for the bed (i.e the man on whose bed he was born) and stones (disappointment and deprivation) for the one who has done illegal sexual intercourse.” The Prophet told his wife Sauda bint Zam’a to screen herself from that boy as he noticed a similarity between the boy and ‘Utba. So, the boy did not see her till he died.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 270:

Narrated ‘Adi bin Hatim:

I asked Allah’s Apostle about Al Mirad (i.e. a sharp-edged piece of wood or a piece of wood provided with a piece of iron used for hunting). He replied, “If the game is hit by its sharp edge, eat it, and if it is hit by its broad side, do not eat it, for it has been beaten to death.” I asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! I release my dog by the name of Allah and find with it at the game, another dog on which I have not mentioned the name of Allah, and I do not know which one of them caught the game.” Allah’s Apostle said (to him), ‘Don’t eat it as you have mentioned the name of Allah on your dog and not on the other dog.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 271:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet passed by a fallen date and said, “Were it not for my doubt that this might have been given in charity, I would have eaten it.” And narrated Abu Huraira the Prophet said, “I found a date-fruit fallen on my bed.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 272:

Narrated ‘Abbas bin Tamim:

that his uncle said: “The Prophet was asked: If a person feels something during his prayer; should one interrupt his prayer?” The Prophet said: No! You should not give it up unless you hear a sound or smell something.” Narrated Ibn Abi Hafsa: Az-Zuhri said, “There is no need of repeating ablution unless you detect a smell or hear a sound.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 273:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Some people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Meat is brought to us by some people and we are not sure whether the name of Allah has been mentioned on it or not (at the time of slaughtering the animals).” Allah’s Apostle said (to them), “Mention the name of Allah and eat it.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 274:

Narrated Jabir:

While we were offering the prayer with the Prophet a caravan carrying food came from Sham. The people looked towards the caravan (and went to it) and only twelve persons remained with the Prophet. So, the Divine Inspiration came; “But when they see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it.” (62.11)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 275:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “A time will come when one will not care how one gains one’s money, legally or illegally.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 276:

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal:

I used to practice money exchange, and I asked Zaid bin ‘Arqam about it, and he narrated what the Prophet said in the following: Abu Al-Minhal said, “I asked Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib and Zaid bin Arqam about practicing money exchange. They replied, ‘We were traders in the time of Allah’s Apostle and I asked Allah’s Apostle about money exchange. He replied, ‘If it is from hand to hand, there is no harm in it; otherwise it is not permissible.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 277:

Narrated ‘Ubai bin ‘Umar:

Abu Musa asked Umar to admit him but he was not admitted as ‘Umar was busy, so Abu Musa went back. When ‘Umar finished his job he said, “Didn’t I hear the voice of ‘Abdullah bin Qais? Let him come in.” ‘Umar was told that he had left. So, he sent for him and on his arrival, he (Abu Musa) said, “We were ordered to do so (i.e. to leave if not admitted after asking permission thrice). ‘Umar told him, “Bring witness in proof of your statement.” Abu Musa went to the Ansar’s meeting places and asked them. They said, “None amongst us will give this witness except the youngest of us, Abu Said Al-Khudri. Abu Musa then took Abu Said Al-Khudri (to ‘Umar) and ‘Umar said, surprisingly, “Has this order of Allah’s Apostle been hidden from me?” (Then he added), “I used to be busy trading in markets.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 278:

Narrated Jabir:

A caravan arrived (at Medina) while we were offering the Jumua prayer with the Prophet. The people left out for the caravan, with the exception of twelve persons. Then this Verse was revealed: ‘But when they see some bargain or some amusement, they disperse headlong to it and leave you standing.” (62.11)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 279:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “If a woman gives in charity from her house meals without wasting (i.e. being extravagant), she will get the reward for her giving, and her husband will also get the reward for his earning and the storekeeper will also get a similar reward. The acquisition of the reward of none of them will reduce the reward of the others.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 280:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “If a woman gives something (i.e. in charity) from her husband’s earnings without his permission, she will get half his reward.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 281:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “whoever desires an expansion in his sustenance and age, should keep good relations with his Kith and kin.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 282:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet purchased food grains from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his iron armor to him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 283:

Narrated Qatada:

Anas went to the Prophet with barley bread having some dissolved fat on it. The Prophet had mortgaged his armor to a Jew in Medina and took from him some barley for his family. Anas heard him saying, “The household of Muhammad did not possess even a single Sa of wheat or food grains for the evening meal, although he has nine wives to look after.” (See Hadith No. 685)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 284:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

When Abu Bakr As-Siddiq was chosen Caliph, he said, “My people know that my profession was not incapable of providing substance to my family. And as I will be busy serving the Muslim nation, my family will eat from the National Treasury of Muslims, and I will practise the profession of serving the Muslims.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 285:

Narrated Aisha:

The companions of Allah’s Apostle used to practise manual labor, so their sweat used to smell, and they were advised to take a bath.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 286:

Narrated Al-Miqdam:

The Prophet said, “Nobody has ever eaten a better meal than that which one has earned by working with one’s own hands. The Prophet of Allah, David used to eat from the earnings of his manual labor.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 287:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The Prophet David used not to eat except from the earnings of his manual labor.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 288:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “One would rather cut and carry a bundle of wood on his back than ask somebody who may or may not live him.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 289:

Narrated Az-Zubair bin Al-Awwam:

The Prophet said, “One would rather take a rope and cut wood and carry it than ask others).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 290:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “May Allah’s mercy be on him who is lenient in his buying, selling, and in demanding back his money.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 291:

Narrated Hudhaifa:

The Prophet said, “Before your time the angels received the soul of a man and asked him, ‘Did you do any good deeds (in your life)?’ He replied, ‘I used to order my employees to grant time to the rich person to pay his debts at his convenience.’ So Allah said to the angels; “Excuse him.” Rabi said that (the dead man said), ‘I used to be easy to the rich and grant time to the poor.’ Or, in another narration, ‘grant time to the well-off and forgive the needy,’ or, ‘accept from the well-off and forgive the needy.’


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 292:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “There was a merchant who used to lend the people, and whenever his debtor was in straitened circumstances, he would say to his employees, ‘Forgive him so that Allah may forgive us.’ So, Allah forgave him.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 293:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The seller and the buyer have the right to keep or return goods as long as they have not parted or till they part; and if both the parties spoke the truth and described the defects and qualities (of the goods), then they would be blessed in their transaction, and if they told lies or hid something, then the blessings of their transaction would be lost.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 294:

Narrated Abu Said:

We used to be given mixed dates (from the booty) and used to sell (barter) two Sas of those dates) for one Sa (of good dates). The Prophet said (to us), “No (bartering of) two Sas for one Sa nor two Dirhams for one Dirham is permissible”, (as that is a kind of usury). (See Hadith No. 405).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 295:

Narrated Abu Mas’ud:

An Ansari man, called Abu Shu’aib, came and told his butcher slave, “Prepare meals sufficient for five persons, for I want to invite the Prophet along with four other persons as I saw signs of hunger on his face.” Abu Shu’aib invited them and another person came along with them. The Prophet said (to Abu Shu’aib), This man followed us, so if you allow him, he will join us, and if you want him to return, he will go back.” Abu Shu’aib said, “No, I have allowed him (i.e. he, too, is welcomed to the meal).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 296:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:

The Prophet aid, “The buyer and the seller have the option to cancel or to confirm the deal, as long as they have not parted or till they part, and if they spoke the truth and told each other the defects of the things, then blessings would be in their deal, and if they hid something and told lies, the blessing of the deal would be lost.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 297:

Narrated Aisha:

When the last Verses of Surat al- Baqara were revealed, the Prophet recited them in the mosque and proclaimed the trade of alcohol as illegal.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 298:

Narrated Samura bin Jundab:

The Prophet said, “This night I dreamt that two men came and took me to a Holy land whence we proceeded on till we reached a river of blood, where a man was standing, and on its bank was standing another man with stones in his hands. The man in the middle of the river tried to come out, but the other threw a stone in his mouth and forced him to go back to his original place. So, whenever he tried to come out, the other man would throw a stone in his mouth and force him to go back to his former place. I asked, ‘Who is this?’ I was told, ‘The person in the river was a Riba-eater.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 299:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abu Juhaifa:

My father bought a slave who practiced the profession of cupping. (My father broke the slave’s instruments of cupping). I asked my father why he had done so. He replied, “The Prophet forbade the acceptance of the price of a dog or blood, and also forbade the profession of tattooing, getting tattooed and receiving or giving Riba, (usury), and cursed the picture-makers.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 300:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The swearing (by the seller) may persuade the buyer to purchase the goods but that will be deprived of Allah’s blessing.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 301:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abu Aufa:

A man displayed some goods in the market and swore by Allah that he had been offered so much for that, that which was not offered, and he said so, so as to cheat a Muslim. On that occasion the following Verse was revealed: “Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenant and their oaths (They shall have no portion in the Hereafter ..etc.)’ (3.77)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 302:

Narrated ‘Ali:

I got an old she-camel as my share from the booty, and the Prophet had given me another from Al-Khumus. And when I intended to marry Fatima (daughter of the Prophet), I arranged that a goldsmith from the tribe of Bani Qainuqa’ would accompany me in order to bring Idhkhir and then sell it to the goldsmiths and use its price for my marriage banquet.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 303:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Allah made Mecca a sanctuary and it was neither permitted for anyone before, nor will it be permitted for anyone after me (to fight in it). And fighting in it was made legal for me for a few hours of a day only. None is allowed to uproot its thorny shrubs or to cut down its trees or to chase its game or to pick up its Luqata (fallen things) except by a person who would announce it publicly.” ‘Abbas bin ‘Abdul-Muttlib requested the Prophet, “Except Al-Idhkhir, for our goldsmiths and for the roofs of our houses.” The Prophet said, “Except Al-Idhkhir.” ‘Ikrima said, “Do you know what is meant by chasing its game? It is to drive it out of the shade and sit in its place.” Khalid said, “(‘Abbas said: Al-Idhkhir) for our goldsmiths and our graves.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 304:

Narrated Khabbab:

I was a blacksmith in the Pre-lslamic period, and ‘Asi bin Wail owed me some money, so I went to him to demand it. He said (to me), “I will not pay you unless you disbelieve Muhammad.” I said, “I will not disbelieve till Allah kills you and then you get resurrected.” He said, “Leave me till I die and get resurrected, then I will be given wealth and children and I will pay you your debt.” On that occasion it was revealed to the Prophet:

‘Have you seen him who disbelieved in Our signs and says: Surely I will be given wealth and children? Has he known the unseen, or has he taken a covenant from the Beneficent (Allah)? (19.77-78)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 305:

Narrated Ishaq bin ‘Abdullah bin Abu Talha:

I heard Anas bin Malik saying, “A tailor invited Allah’s Apostle to a meal which he had prepared. ” Anas bin Malik said, “I accompanied Allah’s Apostle to that meal. He served the Prophet with bread and soup made with gourd and dried meat. I saw the Prophet taking the pieces of gourd from the dish.” Anas added, “Since that day I have continued to like gourd.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 306:

Narrated Abu Hazim:

I heard Sahl bin Sad saying, “A woman brought a Burda (i.e. a square piece of cloth having edging). I asked, ‘Do you know what a Burda is?’ They replied in the affirmative and said, “It is a cloth sheet with woven margins.” Sahl went on, “She addressed the Prophet and said, ‘I have woven it with my hands for you to wear.’ The Prophet took it as he was in need of it, and came to us wearing it as a waist sheet. One of us said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! Give it to me to wear.’ The Prophet agreed to give it to him. The Prophet sat with the people for a while and then returned (home), wrapped that waist sheet and sent it to him. The people said to that man, ‘You haven’t done well by asking him for it when you know that he never turns down anybody’s request.’ The man replied, ‘By Allah, I have not asked him for it except to use it as my shroud when I die.” Sahl added; “Later it (i.e. that sheet) was his shroud.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 307:

Narrated Abu Hazim:

Some men came to Sahl bin Sad to ask him about the pulpit. He replied, “Allah’s Apostle sent for a woman (Sahl named her) (this message): ‘Order your slave carpenter to make pieces of wood (i.e. a pulpit) for me so that I may sit on it while addressing the people.’ So, she ordered him to make it from the tamarisk of the forest. He brought it to her and she sent it to Allah’s Apostle . Allah’s Apostle ordered it to be placed in the mosque: so, it was put and he sat on it.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 308:

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah: An Ansari woman said to Allah’s Apostle, “O Allah’s Apostle! Shall I make something for you to sit on, as I have a slave who is a carpenter?” He replied, “If you wish.” So, she got a pulpit made for him. When it was Friday


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 309:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle bought food grains from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his armor to him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 310:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

I was with the Prophet in a Ghazwa (Military Expedition) and my camel was slow and exhausted. The Prophet came up to me and said, “O Jabir.” I replied, “Yes?” He said, “What is the matter with you?” I replied, “My camel is slow and tired, so I am left behind.” So, he got down and poked the camel with his stick and then ordered me to ride. I rode the camel and it became so fast that I had to hold it from going ahead of Allah’s Apostle . He then asked me, have you got married?” I replied in the affirmative. He asked, “A virgin or a matron?” I replied, “I married a matron.” The Prophet said, “Why have you not married a virgin, so that you may play with her and she may play with you?” Jabir replied, “I have sisters (young in age) so I liked to marry a matron who could collect them all and comb their hair and look after them.” The Prophet said, “You will reach, so when you have arrived (at home), I advise you to associate with your wife (that you may have an intelligent son).” Then he asked me, “Would you like to sell your camel?” I replied in the affirmative and the Prophet purchased it for one Uqiya of gold. Allah’s Apostle reached before me and I reached in the morning, and when I went to the mosque, I found him at the door of the mosque. He asked me, “Have you arrived just now?” I replied in the affirmative. He said, “Leave your camel and come into (the mosque) and pray two Rakat.” I entered and offered the prayer. He told Bilal to weigh and give me one Uqiya of gold. So Bilal weighed for me fairly and I went away. The Prophet sent for me and I thought that he would return to me my camel which I hated more than anything else. But the Prophet said to me, “Take your camel as well as its price.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 311:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

‘Ukaz, Majanna and Dhul-Majaz were markets in the Pre-lslamic period. When the people embraced Islam they considered it a sin to trade there. So, the following Holy Verse came:– ‘There is no harm for you if you seek of the bounty of your Lord (Allah) in the Hajj season.” (2.198) Ibn ‘Abbas recited it like this.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 312:

Narrated ‘Amr:

Here (i.e. in Mecca) there was a man called Nawwas and he had camels suffering from the disease of excessive and unquenchable thirst. Ibn ‘Umar went to the partner of Nawwas and bought those camels. The man returned to Nawwas and told him that he had sold those camels. Nawwas asked him, “To whom have you sold them?” He replied, “To such and such Sheikh.” Nawwas said, “Woe to you; By Allah, that Sheikh was Ibn ‘Umar.” Nawwas then went to Ibn ‘Umar and said to him, “My partner sold you camels suffering from the disease of excessive thirst and he had not known you.” Ibn ‘Umar told him to take them back. When Nawwas went to take them, Ibn ‘Umar said to him, “Leave them there as I am happy with the decision of Allah’s Apostle that there is no oppression . ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 313:

Narrated Abu Qatada:

We set out with Allah’s Apostle in the year of Hunain, (the Prophet gave me an armor). I sold that armor and bought a garden in the region of the tribe of Bani Salama and that was the first property I got after embracing Islam.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 314:

Narrated Abu Musa:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The example of a good companion (who sits with you) in comparison with a bad one, is I like that of the musk seller and the blacksmith’s bellows (or furnace); from the first you would either buy musk or enjoy its good smell while the bellows would either burn your clothes or your house, or you get a bad nasty smell thereof.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 315:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Abu Taiba cupped Allah’s Apostle so he ordered that he be paid one Sa of dates and ordered his masters to reduce his tax (as he was a slave and had to pay a tax to them).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 316:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once the Prophet got his blood out (medically) and paid that person who had done it. If it had been illegal, the Prophet would not have paid him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 317:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:

Once the Prophet sent to ‘Umar a silken two-piece garment, and when he saw ‘Umar wearing it, he said to him, “I have not sent it to you to wear. It is worn by him who has no share in the Hereafter, and I have sent it to you so that you could benefit by it (i.e. sell it).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 318:

Narrated Aisha:

(mother of the faithful believers) I bought a cushion with pictures on it. When Allah’s Apostle saw it, he kept standing at the door and did not enter the house. I noticed the sign of disgust on his face, so I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I repent to Allah and H is Apostle . (Please let me know) what sin I have done.” Allah’s Apostle said, “What about this cushion?” I replied, “I bought it for you to sit and recline on.” Allah’s Apostle said, “The painters (i.e. owners) of these pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection. It will be said to them, ‘Put life in what you have created (i.e. painted).’ ” The Prophet added, “The angels do not enter a house where there are pictures.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 319:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “O Bani Najjar! Suggest a price for your garden.” Part of it was a ruin and it contained some date palms.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 320:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “The buyer and the seller have the option to cancel or confirm the bargain before they separate from each other or if the sale is optional.” Nafi said, “Ibn ‘Umar used to separate quickly from the seller if he had bought a thing which he liked.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 321:

Narrated Haklm bin Hizam”

The Prophet said, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 322:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The seller and the buyer have the option of cancelling or confirming the deal unless they separate, or one of them says to the other, ‘Choose (i.e. decide to cancel or confirm the bargain now).” Perhaps he said, ‘Or if it is an optional sale.’ ” Ibn Umar, Shuraih, Ash-Shabi, Tawus, Ata, and Ibn Abu Mulaika agree upon this judgment.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 323:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:

The Prophet said, “The buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate, and if they spoke the truth and made clear the defects of the goods, them they would be blessed in their bargain, and if they told lies and hid some facts, their bargain would be deprived of Allah’s blessings.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 324:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming a bargain unless they separate, or the sale is optional.” (See Hadith No.320).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 325:

Narrated Ibn Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain, as long as they are still together, and unless they separate or one of them gives the other the option of keeping or re


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 326:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “No deal is settled and finalized unless the buyer and the seller separate, except if the deal is optional (whereby the validity of the bargain depends on the stipulations agreed upon).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 327:

Narrated Hakim bin Hizam:

The Prophet said, “Both the buyer and the seller have the option of cancelling or confirming the bargain unless they separate.” The sub-narrator, Hammam said, “I found this in my book: ‘Both the buyer and the seller give the option of either confirming or cancelling the bargain three times, and if they speak the truth and mention the defects, then their bargain will be blessed, and if they tell lies and conceal the defects, they might gain some financial gain but they will deprive their sale of (Allah’s) blessings.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 328:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

A person came to the Prophet and told him that he was always betrayed in purchasing. The Prophet told him to say at the time of buying, “No cheating.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 329:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle said, “An army will invade the Ka’ba and when the invaders reach Al-Baida’, all the ground will sink and swallow the whole army.” I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! How will they sink into the ground while amongst them will be their markets (the people who worked in business and not invaders) and the people not belonging to them?” The Prophet replied, “all of those people will sink but they will be resurrected and judged according to their intentions.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 330:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The congregational prayer of anyone amongst you is more than twenty (five or twenty seven) times in reward than his prayer in the market or in his house, for if he performs ablution completely and then goes to the mosque with the sole intention of performing the prayer, and nothing urges him to proceed to the mosque except the prayer, then, on every step which he takes towards the mosque, he will be raised one degree or one of his sins will be forgiven. The angels will keep on asking Allah’s forgiveness and blessings for everyone of you so long as he keeps sitting at his praying place. The angels will say, ‘O Allah, bless him! O Allah, be merciful to him!’ as long as he does not do Hadath or a thing which gives trouble to the other.” The Prophet further said, “One is regarded in prayer so long as one is waiting for the prayer.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 331:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

While the Prophet was in the market, somebody, called, “O Abu-l-Qasim.” The Prophet turned to him. The man said, “I have called to this (i.e. another man).” The Prophet said, “Name yourselves by my name but not by my Kuniya (name).” (In Arabic world it is the custom to call the man as the father of his eldest son, e.g. Abu-l-Qasim.)

(See Hadith No. 737, Vol. 4)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 332:

Narrated Anas:

A man at Al-Baqi’ called, “O Abu-l-Qasim!” The Prophet turned to him and the man said (to the Prophet ), “I did not intend to call you.” The prophet said, “Name yourselves by my name but not by my kuniya (name).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 333:

Narrated Abu Huraira Ad-Dausi:

Once the Prophet went out during the day. Neither did he talk to me nor I to him till he reached the market of Bani Qainuqa and then he sat in the compound of Fatima’s house and asked about the small boy (his grandson Al-Hasan) but Fatima kept the boy in for a while. I thought she was either changing his clothes or giving the boy a bath. After a while the boy came out running and the Prophet embraced and kissed him and then said, ‘O Allah! Love him, and love whoever loves him.’


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 334:

Narrated Nafi:

Ibn ‘Umar told us that the people used to buy food from the caravans in the lifetime of the Prophet. The Prophet used to forbid them to sell it at the very place where they had purchased it (but they were to wait) till they carried it to the market where foodstuff was sold. Ibn ‘Umar said, ‘The Prophet also forbade the reselling of foodstuff by somebody who had bought it unless he had received it with exact full measure’


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 335:

Narrated Ata bin Yasar:

I met Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-‘As and asked him, “Tell me about the description of Allah’s Apostle which is mentioned in Torah (i.e. Old Testament.”) He replied, ‘Yes. By Allah, he is described in Torah with some of the qualities attributed to him in the Quran as follows:

“O Prophet ! We have sent you as a witness (for Allah’s True religion) And a giver of glad tidings (to the faithful believers), And a warner (to the unbelievers) And guardian of the illiterates. You are My slave and My messenger (i.e. Apostle). I have named you “Al-Mutawakkil” (who depends upon Allah). You are neither discourteous, harsh Nor a noise-maker in the markets And you do not do evil to those Who do evil to you, but you deal With them with forgiveness and kindness. Allah will not let him (the Prophet) Die till he makes straight the crooked people by making them say: “None has the right to be worshipped but Allah,” With which will be opened blind eyes And deaf ears and enveloped hearts.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 336:

Narrated Abdullah ibn Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “He who buys foodstuff should not sell it till he is satisfied with the measure with which he has bought it.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 337:

Narrated Jabir:

Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Haram died and was in debt to others. I asked the Prophet to intercede with his creditors for some reduction in the debts. The Prophet requested them (to reduce the debts) but they refused. The Prophet said to me, “Go and put your dates (In heaps) according to their different kinds. The Ajwa on one side, the cluster of Ibn Zaid on another side, etc.. Then call me.” I did that and called the Prophet He came and sat at the head or in the middle of the heaps and ordered me. Measure (the dates) for the people (creditors).” I measured for them till I paid all the debts. My dates remained as it nothing had been taken from them. In other narrations, Jabir said; The Prophet said, “He (i.e. ‘Abdullah) continued measuring for them till he paid all the debts.” The Prophet said (to ‘Abdullah), “Cut (clusters) for him (i.e. one of the creditors) and measure for him fully.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 338:

Narrated Al-Miqdam bin Ma’diyakrib:

The Prophet said, “Measure your foodstuff and you will be blessed.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 339:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Zaid:

The Prophet said, “The Prophet Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary, and asked for Allah’s blessing in it. I made Medina a sanctuary as Abraham made Mecca a sanctuary and I asked for Allah’s Blessing in its measures the Mudd and the Sa as Abraham did for Mecca.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 340:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle said, “O Allah bestow your blessings on their measures, bless their Mudd and Sa.” The Prophet meant the people of Medina.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 341:

Narrated Salim:

that his father said. “I saw those, who used to buy foodstuff without measuring or weighing in the life time of the Prophet being punished if they sold it before carrying it to their own houses.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 342:

Narrated Tawus:

Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling of foodstuff before its measuring and transferring into one’s possession.” I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, “How is that?” Ibn ‘Abbas replied, “It will be just like selling money for money, as the foodstuff has not been handed over to the first purchaser who is the present seller.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 343:

Narrated Ibn Umar:

The Prophet said, “He who buys foodstuff should not sell it till he has received it.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 344:

Narrated Az-Zuhri from Malik bin Aus:

that the latter said, “Who has change?” Talha said, “I (will have change) when our store-keeper comes from the forest.”

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab: Allah’s Apostle said, “The bartering of gold for silver is Riba, (usury), except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and wheat grain for wheat grain is usury except if it is form hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates is usury except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and barley for barley is usury except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount.” (See Riba-Fadl in the glossary).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 345:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet forbade the selling of foodstuff before receiving it. I consider that all types of sellings should be done similarly.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 346:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “The buyer of foodstuff should not sell it before it has been measured for him.” Isma’il narrated instead, “He should not sell it before receiving it.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 347:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

I saw the people buy foodstuff randomly (i.e. blindly without measuring it) in the life-time of Allah’s Apostle and they were punished (by beating), if they tried to sell it before carrying it to their own houses.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 348:

Narrated Aisha:

Rarely did the Prophet fail to visit Abu Bakr’s house everyday, either in the morning or in the evening. When the permission for migration to Medina was granted, all of a sudden the Prophet came to us at noon and Abu Bakr was informed, who said, “Certainly the Prophet has come for some urgent matter.” The Prophet said to Abu Bark, when the latter entered “Let nobody stay in your home.” Abu Bakr said, “O Allah’s Apostle! There are only my two daughters (namely ‘Aisha and Asma’) present.” The Prophet said, “I feel (am informed) that I have been granted the permission for migration.” Abu Bakr said, “I will accompany you, O Allah’s Apostle!” The Prophet said, “You will accompany me.” Abu Bakr then said “O Allah’s Apostle! I have two she-camels I have prepared specially for migration, so I offer you one of them. The Prophet said, “I have accepted it on the condition that I will pay its price.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 349:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not urge somebody to return what he has already bought (i.e. in optional sale) from another seller so as to sell him your own goods.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 350:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling of things by a town dweller on behalf of a desert dweller; and similarly Najsh was forbidden. And one should not urge somebody to return the goods to the seller so as to sell him his own goods; nor should one demand the hand of a girl who has already been engaged to someone else; and a woman should not try to cause some other woman to be divorced in order to take her place.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 351:

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:

A man decided that a slave of his would be manumitted after his death and later on he was in need of money, so the Prophet took the slave and said, “Who will buy this slave from me?” Nu’aim bin ‘Abdullah bought him for such and such price and the Prophet gave him the slave.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 352:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Najsh.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 353:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the sale called ‘Habal-al-Habala which was a kind of sale practiced in the Pre-lslamic Period of ignorance. One would pay the price of a she-camel which was not born yet would be born by the immediate offspring of an extant she-camel.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 354:

Narrated Abu Said:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling by Munabadha, i.e. to sell one’s garment by casting it to the buyer not allowing him to examine or see it. Similarly he forbade the selling by Mulamasa. Mulamasa is to buy a garment, for example, by merely touching it, not looking at it.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 355:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet forbade two kinds of dressing; (one of them) is to sit with one’s legs drawn up while wrapped in one garment. (The other) is to lift that garment on one’s shoulders. And also forbade two kinds of sale: Al-Limas and An-Nibadh.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 356:

Narrated Abu Huraira :

Allah’s Apostle forbade selling by Mulamasa and Munabadha.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 357:

Narrated Abu Said:

The Prophet forbade two kinds of dresses and two kinds of sale, i.e., Mulamasa and Munabadha.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 358:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Don’t keep camels and sheep unmilked for a long time, for whoever buys such an animal has the option to milk it and then either to keep it or return it to the owner along with one Sa of dates.” Some narrated from Ibn Sirin (that the Prophet had said), “One Sa of wheat, and he has the option for three days.” And some narrated from Ibn Sirin, ” … a Sa of dates,” not mentioning the option for three days. But a Sa of dates is mentioned in most narrations.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 359:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud:

Whoever buys a sheep which has not been milked for a long time, has the option of returning it along with one Sa of dates; and the Prophet forbade going to meet the seller on the way (as he has no knowledge of the market price and he may sell his goods at a low price).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 360:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not go forward to meet the caravan (to buy from it on the way before it reaches the town). And do not urge buyers to cancel their purchases to sell them (your own goods) yourselves, and do not practice Najsh. A town dweller should not sell the goods for the desert dweller. Do not leave sheep unmilked for a long time, when they are on sale, and whoever buys such an animal has the option of returning it, after milking it, along with a Sa of dates or keeping it. it has been kept unmilked for a long period by the seller (to deceive others).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 361:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever buys a sheep which has been kept unmilked for a long period, and milks it, can keep it if he is satisfied, and if he is not satisfied, he can return it, but he should pay one Sa of dates for the milk.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 362:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “If a slave-girl commits illegal sexual intercourse and it is proved beyond doubt, then her owner should lash her and should not blame her after the legal punishment. And then if she repeats the illegal sexual intercourse he should lash her again and should not blame her after the legal punishment, and if she commits it a third time, then he should sell her even for a hair rope.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 363:

Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid:

Allah’s Apostle was asked about the slave-girl, if she was a virgin and committed illegal sexual intercourse. The Prophet said, “If she committed illegal sexual intercourse, lash her, and if she did it a second time, then lash her again, and if she repeated the third time, then sell her even for a hair rope.” Ibn Shihab said, “I don’t know whether to sell her after the third or fourth offense.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 364:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle came to me and I told him about the slave-girl (Buraira) Allah’s Apostle said, “Buy and manumit her, for the Wala is for the one who manumits.” In the evening the Prophet got up and glorified Allah as He deserved and then said, “Why do some people impose conditions which are not present in Allah’s Book (Laws)? Whoever imposes such a condition as is not in Allah’s Laws, then that condition is invalid even if he imposes one hundred conditions, for Allah’s conditions are more binding and reliable.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 365:

Narrated Abdullah bin Umar:

Aisha wanted to buy Buraira and he (the Prophet ) went out for the prayer. When he returned, she told him that they (her masters) refused to sell her except on the condition that her Wala’ would go to them. The Prophet replied, ‘The Wala’ would go to him who manumits.’ ” Hammam asked Nafi’ whether her (Buraira’s) husband was a free man or a slave. He replied that he did not know.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 366:

Narrated Jarir:

I have given a pledge of allegiance to Allah’s Apostle for to testify that None has the right to be worshipped but Allah, and Muhammad is His Apostle, to offer prayers perfectly, to pay Zakat, to listen to and obey (Allah’s and His Prophet’s orders), and to give good advice to every Muslim.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 367:

Narrated Tawus:

Ibn ‘Abbas said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘Do not go to meet the caravans on the way (for buying their goods without letting them know the market price); a town dweller should not sell the goods of a desert dweller on behalf of the latter.’ I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, ‘What does he mean by not selling the goods of a desert dweller by a town dweller?’ He said, ‘He should not become his broker.’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 368:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling of the goods of a desert dweller by a town person.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 369:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “A buyer should not urge a seller to restore a purchase so as to buy it himself, and do not practice Najsh; and a town dweller should not sell goods of a desert dweller.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 370:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

We were forbidden that a town dweller should sell goods of a desert dweller.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 371:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet forbade the meeting (of caravans) on the way and the selling of goods by an inhabitant of the town on behalf of a desert dweller.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 372:

Narrated Tawus:

I asked Ibn ‘Abbas, “What is the meaning of, ‘No town dweller should sell (or buy) for a desert dweller’?” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “It means he should not become his broker.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 373:

Narrated Abdullah:

Whoever buys an animal which has been kept unmilked for a long time, could return it, but has to pay a Sa of dates along with it. And the Prophet forbade meeting the owners of goods on the way away from the market.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 374:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “You should not try to cancel the purchases of one another (to get a benefit thereof), and do not go ahead to meet the caravan (for buying the goods) (but wait) till it reaches the market.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 375:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

We used to go ahead to meet the caravan and used to buy foodstuff from them. The Prophet forbade us to sell it till it was carried to the market.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 376:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

Some people used to buy foodstuff at the head of the market and used to sell it on the spot. Allah’s Apostle forbade them to sell it till they brought it to (their) places.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 377:

Narrated ‘Urwa:

Aisha said, “Buraira came to me and said, ‘I have agreed with my masters to pay them nine Uqiyas (of gold) (in installments) one Uqiya per year; please help me.’ I said, ‘I am ready to pay the whole amount now provided your masters agree that your Wala will be for me.’ So, Buraira went to her masters and told them about that offer but they refused to accept it. She returned, and at that time, Allah’s Apostle was sitting (present). Buraira said, ‘I told them of the offer but they did not accept it and insisted on having the Wala.’.’ The Prophet heard that.” ‘Aisha narrated the whole story to the Prophet . He said to her, “Buy her and stipulate that her Wala’ would be yours as the Wala’ is for the manumitted.” ‘Aisha did so. Then Allah’s Apostle stood up in front of the people, and after glorifying Allah he said, “Amma Badu (i.e. then after)! What about the people who impose conditions which are not in Allah’s Book (Laws)? Any condition that is not in Allah’s Book (Laws) is invalid even if they were one hundred conditions, for Allah’s decisions are the right ones and His conditions are the strong ones (firmer) and the Wala’ will be for the manumitted.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 378:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Aisha, (mother of the faithful believers) wanted to buy a slave girl and manumit her, but her masters said that they would sell her only on the condition that her Wala’ would be for them. ‘Aisha told Allah’s Apostle of that. He said, “What they stipulate should not hinder you from buying her, as the Wala’ is for the manumitted.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 379:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “The selling of wheat for wheat is Riba (usury) except if it is handed from hand to hand and equal in amount. Similarly the selling of barley for barley, is Riba except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates is usury except if it is from hand to hand and equal in amount. (See Riba-Fadl in the glossary).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 380:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana is the selling of fresh dates for dried old dates by measure, and the selling of fresh grapes for dried grapes by measure.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 381:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana is the selling of fresh fruit (without measuring it) for something by measure on the basis that if that thing turns to be more than the fruit, the increase would be for the seller of the fruit, and if it turns to be less, that would be of his lot.

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar from Zaid bin Thabit that the Prophet allowed the selling of the fruits on the trees after estimation (when they are ripe).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 382:

Narrated Ibn Shihab:

that Malik bin Aus said, “I was in need of change for one-hundred Dinars. Talha bin ‘Ubaid-Ullah called me and we discussed the matter, and he agreed to change (my Dinars). He took the gold pieces in his hands and fidgeted with them, and then said, “Wait till my storekeeper comes from the forest.” ‘Umar was listening to that and said, “By Allah! You should not separate from Talha till you get the money from him, for Allah’s Apostle said, ‘The selling of gold for gold is Riba (usury) except if the exchange is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and similarly, the selling of wheat for wheat is Riba (usury) unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and the selling of barley for barley is usury unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount, and dates for dates, is usury unless it is from hand to hand and equal in amount”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 383:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Don’t sell gold for gold unless equal in weight, nor silver for silver unless equal in weight, but you could sell gold for silver or silver for gold as you like.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 384:

Narrated Abu Said:

(Concerning exchange) that he heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “Do not sell gold for gold unless equal in weight, and do not sell silver unless equal in weight.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 385:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not sell gold for gold unless equivalent in weight, and do not sell less amount for greater amount or vice versa; and do not sell silver for silver unless equivalent in weight, and do not sell less amount for greater amount or vice versa and do not sell gold or silver that is not present at the moment of exchange for gold or silver that is present.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 386:

Narrated Abu Salih Az-Zaiyat:

I heard Abu Said Al-Khudri saying, “The selling of a Dinar for a Dinar, and a Dirham for a Dirham (is permissible).” I said to him, “Ibn ‘Abbas does not say the same.” Abu Said replied, “I asked Ibn ‘Abbas whether he had heard it from the Prophet s or seen it in the Holy Book. Ibn ‘Abbas replied, “I do not claim that, and you know Allah’s Apostle better than I, but Usama informed me that the Prophet had said, ‘There is no Riba (in money exchange) except when it is not done from hand to hand (i.e. when there is delay in payment).’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 387:

Narrated Abu Al-Minhal:

I asked Al-Bara’ bin ‘Azib and Zaid bin Arqam about money exchanges. Each of them said, “This is better than I,” and both of them said, “Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling of silver for gold on credit. ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 388:

Narrated Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakra:

that his father said, “The Prophet forbade the selling of gold for gold and silver for silver except if they are equivalent in weight, and allowed us to sell gold for silver and vice versa as we wished.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 389:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not sell fruits of dates until they become free from all the dangers of being spoilt or blighted; and do not sell fresh dates for dry dates.”

Narrated Salim and ‘Abdullah from Zaid bin Habit’ “Later on Allah’s Apostle permitted the selling of ripe fruits on trees for fresh dates or dried dates in Bai’-l-‘Araya, and did not allow it for any other kind of sale.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 390:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Muzabana; and Muzabana means the selling of fresh dates (on the trees) for dried dates by measure and also the selling of fresh grapes for dried grapes by measure.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 391:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Muzabana and Muhaqala; and Muzabana means the selling of ripe dates for dates still on the trees.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 392:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet forbade Muzabana and Muhaqala.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 393:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:

Allah’s Apostle al lowed the owner of ‘Araya to sell the fruits on the trees by means of estimation.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 394:

Narrated Jabir:

The Prophet forbade the selling of fruits unless they get ripe, and none of them should be sold except for Dinar or Dirham (i.e. money), except the ‘Araya trees (the dates of which could be sold for dates).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 395:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet allowed the sale of the dates of ‘Araya provided they were about five Awsuq (singular: Wasaq which means sixty Sa’s) or less (in amount).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 396:

Narrated Sahl bin Abu Hathma:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the selling of fruits (fresh dates) for dried dates but allowed the sale of fruits on the ‘Araya by estimation and their new owners might eat their dates fresh. Sufyan (in another narration) said, “I told Yahya (a sub-narrator) when I was a mere boy, ‘Meccans say that the Prophet allowed them the sale of the fruits on ‘Araya by estimation.’ Yahya asked, ‘How do the Meccans know about it?’ I replied, ‘They narrated it (from the Prophet ) through Jabir.’ On that, Yahya kept quiet.” Sufyan said, “I meant that Jabir belonged to Medina.” Sufyan was asked whether in Jabir’s narration there was any prohibition of selling fruits before their benefit is evident (i.e. no dangers of being spoilt or blighted). He replied that there was none.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 397:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar from Zaid bin Thabit:

Allah’s Apostle allowed the sale of ‘Araya by estimating the dates on them for measured amounts of dried dates. Musa bin ‘Uqba said, “Al- ‘Araya were distinguished date palms; one could come and buy them (i.e. their fruits).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 398:

Narrated Zaid:

Same as above (Hadith 397).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 399:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the sale of fruits till their benefit is evident. He forbade both the seller and the buyer (such sale).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 400:

Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the sale of date fruits till they were ripe. Abu ‘Abdullah (Al-Bukhari) said, “That means till they were red (can be eaten).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 401:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet forbade the s of (date) fruits till they were red or yellow and fit for eating.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 402:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet forbade the sale of fruits till their benefit is evident; and the sale of date palms till the dates are almost ripe. He was asked what ‘are almost ripe’ meant. He replied, “Got red and yellow.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 403:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle forbade the sale of fruits till they are almost ripe. He was asked what is meant by ‘are almost ripe.’ He replied, “Till they become red.” Allah’s Apostle further said, “If Allah spoiled the fruits, what right would one have to take the money of one’s brother (i.e. other people)?”

Narrated Ibn Shihab: If somebody bought fruits before their benefit is evident and then the fruits were spoiled with blights, the loss would be suffered by the owner (not the buyer).

Narrated Salim bin ‘Abdullah from Ibn Umar: Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not sell or buy fruits before their benefit was evident and do not sell fresh fruits (dates) for dried dates.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 404:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet bought some foodstuff from a Jew on credit and mortgaged his armor to him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 405:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri and Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle appointed somebody as a governor of Khaibar. That governor brought to him an excellent kind of dates (from Khaibar). The Prophet asked, “Are all the dates of Khaibar like this?” He replied, “By Allah, no, O Allah’s Apostle! But we barter one Sa of this (type of dates) for two Sas of dates of ours and two Sas of it for three of ours.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not do so (as that is a kind of usury) but sell the mixed dates (of inferior quality) for money, and then buy good dates with that money.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 406:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If somebody sells pollinated date palms, the fruits will be for the seller unless the buyer stipulates that they will be for himself (and the seller agrees).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 407:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Al-Muzabana, i.e. to sell ungathered dates of one’s garden for measured dried dates or fresh ungathered grapes for measured dried grapes; or standing crops for measured quantity of foodstuff. He forbade all such bargains.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 408:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “Whoever pollinates date palms and then sells them, the fruits will belong to him unless the buyer stipulates that the fruits should belong to him (and the seller agrees).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 409:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle forbade Muhaqala, Mukhadara, Mulamasa, Munabadha and Muzabana. (See glossary and previous Hadiths for the meanings of these terms.)


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 410:

Narrated Humaid:

Anas said, “The Prophet forbade the selling of dates till they were almost ripe.” We asked Anas, “What does ‘almost ripe’ mean?” He replied, “They get red and yellow. The Prophet added, ‘If Allah destroyed the fruits present on the trees, what right would the seller have to take the money of his brother (somebody else)?’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 411:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

I was with the Prophet while he was eating spadix. He said, “From the trees there is a tree which resembles a faithful believer.” I wanted to say that it was the date palm, but I was the youngest among them (so I kept quiet). He added, “It is the date palm.” Shuraih told the weavers, “You are permitted to follow your own conventions to solve your problems (it is legal for you to stick to your traditions in bargain) . ”

Narrated ‘Abdul Wahab: Aiyub said: Muhammad said, “There is no harm in selling for eleven what you buy for ten, and you are allowed to take a profit for expenses . ”

The Prophet told Hind, “Take what is reasonable and sufficient for you and your sons.” Allah says: Whoever is poor, can eat (from the orphan’s property) reasonably (according to his labors).

Al-Hasan hired a donkey from ‘Abdullah bin Mirdas and asked him about the hire. The latter replied that it was for two Daniqs (a Daniq equals 116th Dirham). So Al-Hasan rode away. Another time, Al-Hasan came to ‘Abdullah bin Mirdas and asked him to hire the donkey to him and rode away without asking him about the hire, but he sent him half a Dirham.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 412:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Abu Taiba cupped Allah’s Apostle and so Allah’s Apostle ordered that a Sa of dates be paid to him and ordered his masters (for he was a slave) to reduce his tax.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 413:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Hind, the mother of Mu’awiya said to Allah’s Apostle, “Abu Sufyan (her husband) is a miser. Am I allowed to take from his money secretly?” The Prophet said to her, “You and your sons may take what is sufficient reasonably and fairly.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 414:

Narrated Hisham bin ‘Urwa from his father:

who heard Aisha saying, “The Holy Verse; ‘Whoever amongst the guardians is rich, he should take no wages (from the property of the orphans) but If he is poor, let him have for himself what is just and reasonable (according to his labors)’ (4.6) was revealed concerning the guardian of the orphans who looks after them and manages favorably their financial affairs; If the guardian Is poor, he could have from It what Is just and reasonable, (according to his labors).”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 415:

Narrated Jabir:

Allah’s Apostle gave pre-emption (to the partner) in every joint property, but if the boundaries of the property were demarcated or the ways and streets were fixed, then there was no pre-emption.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 416:

Narrated Jabir bin Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle decided the validity of pre-emption in every joint undivided property, but if the boundaries were well marked or the ways and streets were fixed, then there was no pre-emption.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 417:

Narrated Mussaddad from ‘Abdul Wahid:

the same as above but said, “… in every joint undivided thing…” Narrated Hisham from Ma’mar the same as above but said, ” … in every property… ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 418:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The Prophet said, “While three persons were walking, rain began to fall and they had to enter a cave in a mountain. A big rock rolled over and blocked the mouth of the cave. They said to each other, ‘Invoke Allah with the best deed you have performed (so Allah might remove the rock)’. One of them said, ‘O Allah! My parents were old and I used to go out for grazing (my animals). On my return I would milk (the animals) and take the milk in a vessel to my parents to drink. After they had drunk from it, I would give it to my children, family and wife. One day I was delayed and on my return I found my parents sleeping, and I disliked to wake them up. The children were crying at my feet (because of hunger). That state of affairs continued till it was dawn. O Allah! If You regard that I did it for Your sake, then please remove this rock so that we may see the sky.’ So, the rock was moved a bit. The second said, ‘O Allah! You know that I was in love with a cousin of mine, like the deepest love a man may have for a woman, and she told me that I would not get my desire fulfilled unless I paid her one-hundred Dinars (gold pieces). So, I struggled for it till I gathered the desired amount, and when I sat in between her legs, she told me to be afraid of Allah, and asked me not to deflower her except rightfully (by marriage). So, I got up and left her. O Allah! If You regard that I did if for Your sake, kindly remove this rock.’ So, two-thirds of the rock was removed. Then the third man said, ‘O Allah! No doubt You know that once I employed a worker for one Faraq (three Sa’s) of millet, and when I wanted to pay him, he refused to take it, so I sowed it and from its yield I bought cows and a shepherd. After a time that man came and demanded his money. I said to him: Go to those cows and the shepherd and take them for they are for you. He asked me whether I was joking with him. I told him that I was not joking with him, and all that belonged to him. O Allah! If You regard that I did it sincerely for Your sake, then please remove the rock.’ So, the rock was removed completely from the mouth of the cave.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 419:

Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Abu Bakr:

We were with the Prophet when a tall pagan with long matted unkempt hair came driving his sheep. The Prophet asked him, “Are those sheep for sale or for gifts?” The pagan replied, “They are for sale.” The Prophet bought one sheep from him.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 420:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “The Prophet Abraham emigrated with Sarah and entered a village where there was a king or a tyrant. (The king) was told that Abraham had entered (the village) accompanied by a woman who was one of the most charming women. So, the king sent for Abraham and asked, ‘O Abraham! Who is this lady accompanying you?’ Abraham replied, ‘She is my sister (i.e. in religion).’ Then Abraham returned to her and said, ‘Do not contradict my statement, for I have informed them that you are my sister. By Allah, there are no true believers on this land except you and 1.’ Then Abraham sent her to the king. When the king got to her, she got up and performed ablution, prayed and said, ‘O Allah! If I have believed in You and Your Apostle, and have saved my private parts from everybody except my husband, then please do not let this pagan overpower me.’ On that the king fell in a mood of agitation and started moving his legs. Seeing the condition of the king, Sarah said, ‘O Allah! If he should die, the people will say that I have killed him.’ The king regained his power, and proceeded towards her but she got up again and performed ablution, prayed and said, ‘O Allah! If I have believed in You and Your Apostle and have kept my private parts safe from all except my husband, then please do not let this pagan overpower me.’ The king again fell in a mood of agitation and started moving his legs. On seeing that state of the king, Sarah said, ‘O Allah! If he should die, the people will say that I have killed him.’ The king got either two or three attacks, and after recovering from the last attack he said, ‘By Allah! You have sent a satan to me. Take her to Abraham and give her Ajar.’ So she came back to Abraham and said, ‘Allah humiliated the pagan and gave us a slavegirl for service.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 421:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Sad bin Abi Waqqas and ‘Abu bin Zam’a quarreled over a boy. Sad said, “O Allah’s Apostle! This boy is the son of my brother (‘Utba bin Abi Waqqas) who took a promise from me that I would take him as he was his (illegal) son. Look at him and see whom he resembles.” ‘Abu bin Zam’a said, “O Allah’s Apostle! This is my brother and was born on my father’s bed from his slave-girl.” Allah’s Apostle cast a look at the boy and found definite resemblance to ‘Utba and then said, “The boy is for you, O ‘Abu bin Zam’a. The child goes to the owner of the bed and the adulterer gets nothing but the stones (despair, i.e. to be stoned to death). Then the Prophet said, “O Sauda bint Zama! Screen yourself from this boy.” So, Sauda never saw him again.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 422:

Narrated Sad that his father said:

Abdur-Rahman bin Auf said to Suhaib, ‘Fear Allah and do not ascribe yourself to somebody other than your father.’ Suhaib replied, ‘I would not like to say it even if I were given large amounts of money, but I say I was kidnapped in my childhood.’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 423:

Narrated ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair:

Hakim bin Hizam said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I used to do good deeds in the Pre-lslamic period of Ignorance, e.g., keeping good relations with my Kith and kin, manumitting slaves and giving alms. Shall I receive a reward for all that?” Allah’s Apostle replied, “You embraced Islam with all the good deeds which you did in the past.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 424:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas:

Once Allah’s Apostle passed by a dead sheep and said to the people, “Wouldn’t you benefit by its skin?” The people replied that it was dead. The Prophet said, “But its eating only is illegal.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 425:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hands my soul is, son of Mary (Jesus) will shortly descend amongst you people (Muslims) as a just ruler and will break the Cross and kill the pig and abolish the Jizya (a tax taken from the non-Muslims, who are in the protection, of the Muslim government). Then there will be abundance of money and no-body will accept charitable gifts.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 426:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once ‘Umar was informed that a certain man sold alcohol. ‘Umar said, “May Allah curse him! Doesn’t he know that Allah’s Apostle said, ‘May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah had forbidden them to eat the fat of animals but they melted it and sold it.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 427:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “May Allah curse the Jews, because Allah made fat illegal for them but they sold it and ate its price. ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 428:

Narrated Said bin Abu Al-Hasan:

While I was with Ibn ‘Abbas a man came and said, “O father of ‘Abbas! My sustenance is from my manual profession and I make these pictures.” Ibn ‘Abbas said, “I will tell you only what I heard from Allah’s Apostle . I heard him saying, ‘Whoever makes a picture will be punished by Allah till he puts life in it, and he will never be able to put life in it.’ ” Hearing this, that man heaved a sigh and his face turned pale. Ibn ‘Abbas said to him, “What a pity! If you insist on making pictures I advise you to make pictures of trees and any other unanimated objects.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 429:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

When the last verses of Surat-al-Baqara were revealed, the Prophet went out (of his house to the Mosque) and said, “The trade of alcohol has become illegal.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 430:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Allah says, ‘I will be against three persons on the Day of Resurrection:

1. One who makes a covenant in My Name, but he proves treacherous.

2. One who sells a free person (as a slave) and eats the price,

3. And one who employs a laborer and gets the full work done by him but does not pay him his wages.’ ”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 431:

Narrated Anas:

Amongst the captives was Safiya. First she was given to Dihya Al-Kalbi and then to the Prophet.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 432:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

that while he was sitting with Allah’s Apostle he said, “O Allah’s Apostle! We get female captives as our share of booty, and we are interested in their prices, what is your opinion about coitus interrupt us?” The Prophet said, “Do you really do that? It is better for you not to do it. No soul that which Allah has destined to exist, but will surely come into existence.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 433:

Narrated Jabir:

The Prophet sold a Mudabbar (on behalf of his master who was still living and in need of money).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 434:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle sold a Mudabbar.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 435:

Narrated Zaid bin Khalid and Abu Huraira:

that Allah’s Apostle was asked about an unmarried slave-girl who committed illegal sexual intercourse. They heard him saying, “Flog her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse after that, flog her again, and on the third (or the fourth) offense, sell her.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 436:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

I heard the Prophet saying, “If a slave-girl of yours commits illegal sexual intercourse and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be lashed, and after that nobody should blame her, and if she commits illegal sexual intercourse the second time, she should be lashed and nobody should blame her after that, and if she does the offense for the third time and her illegal sexual intercourse is proved, she should be sold even for a hair rope.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 437:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet came to Khaibar and when Allah made him victorious and he conquered the town by breaking the enemy’s defense, the beauty of Safiya bint Huyai bin Akhtab was mentioned to him and her husband had been killed while she was a bride. Allah’s Apostle selected her for himself and he set out in her company till he reached Sadd-ar-Rawha’ where her menses were over and he married her. Then Hais (a kind of meal) was prepared and served on a small leather sheet (used for serving meals). Allah’s Apostle then said to me, “Inform those who are around you (about the wedding banquet).” So that was the marriage banquet given by Allah’s Apostle for (his marriage with) Safiya. After that we proceeded to Medina and I saw that Allah’s Apostle was covering her with a cloak while she was behind him. Then he would sit beside his camel and let Safiya put her feet on his knees to ride (the camel).


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 438:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

I heard Allah’s Apostle, in the year of the Conquest of Mecca, saying, “Allah and His Apostle made illegal the trade of alcohol, dead animals, pigs and idols.” The people asked, “O Allah’s Apostle! What about the fat of dead animals, for it was used for greasing the boats and the hides; and people use it for lights?” He said, “No, it is illegal.” Allah’s Apostle further said, “May Allah curse the Jews, for Allah made the fat (of animals) illegal for them, yet they melted the fat and sold it and ate its price.”


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 439:

Narrated Abu Mas’ud Al-Ansari:

Allah’s Apostle forbade taking the price of a dog, money earned by prostitution and the earnings of a soothsayer.


Volume 3, Book 34, Number 440:

Narrated Aun bin Abu Juhaifa:

I saw my father buying a slave whose profession was cupping, and ordered that his instruments (of cupping) be broken. I asked him the reason for doing so. He replied, “Allah’s Apostle prohibited taking money for blood, the price of a dog, and the earnings of a slave-girl by prostitution; he cursed her who tattoos and her who gets tattooed, the eater of Riba (usury), and the maker of pictures.”


Repaying a debt in the same currency no matter whether its value increases or decreases – alifta

Browse by Volume Number > Group 1 > Volume 13: Transactions 1 > Buyu` > Payment of the price > Repaying a debt in the same currency no matter whether its value increases or decrease

Question:

I borrowed 20,000 Pakistani Rupees, which were worth 7,000 Saudi Riyals at that time, from my brother. I now want to settle my debt, but the debt of 20,000 Pakistani Rupees is now worth 2,000 Saudi Riyals. Is it permissible for me to repay him with 2,000 Riyals or do I have to give him 7,000 Riyals according to the value when I borrowed it, or is it obligatory on me to give it to him in Pakistani Rupees, the same currency that I borrowed from him?

Answer:

It is obligatory on you to return the money that you borrowed from your brother in the same currency you took it from him, regardless of whether its value has risen or fallen against other currencies.

You therefore have to give him 20,000 Pakistani Rupees, no more or less, for the 20,000 Pakistani Rupees you borrowed. You have to give him what equals its value at the time of the repayment in another currency, such as in Saudi Riyals or another currency, on the condition that it is done in one session. This is based on the answer which the Prophet (peace be upon him) gave to the inquirer who asked him whether it was permissible to sell Dirhams (a dirham of silver equals 2.975 grams of silver) for Dinars (old Arab coin that equals 2.975 grams of gold) or Dinars for Dirhams. He (peace be upon him) said, “There is nothing wrong with taking them at the current rate so long as you do not separate leaving something to be settled.”

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions. The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Permanent Committe . Source: http://alifta.net

Do not sell what you don’t have : Forbidden Business Transactions – Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan

And from the forbidden types of business transactions is: When a man sells something that he doesn’t own.

For example, a man goes to a businessman looking for a specific product, but this businessman doesn’t have this specific product. Yet they both agree to a contract (for the sale of the product) and agree on the extent of the price (on the item) presently or in the future. And all the while, the product is not found in the possession of the businessman or the buyer. Then the businessman goes and buys this product and hands it over to the buyer after they already agreed to a price and they made a contract and determined the value as it relates to present terms or in the future.

So this kind of business transaction is haraam. Why? Because he sold something he didn’t own and he sold something before gaining possession of it, if the product was specified. As for if the product was not specified and its price was delayed, he actually sold a debt on credit. The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) forbade us from doing that, as was the case when Hakeem bin Hazaam (radyAllaahu ‘anhu) came to him, saying: “O Messenger of Allaah, what if a man comes to me wanting to buy something from me, but I don’t have it. Then I go to the marketplace and buy it for him?” The Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said: “Do not sell what you don’t have.” This is a clear cut forbiddance, therefore it is not permissible for a person to sell some specified commodity unless he is in possession of it before making a contract on it, whether he will sell it right there or in the future.

It is not permissible to take this matter lightly. So whoever wants to sell something to the people, then he should store the products in his store or in his shop or in a warehouse or in the trunk of his car or in his office, so that he can have the products ready with him. Then if some people who want to buy the products come to him, he can sell it to them directly or at a later time.

Posted from: Forbidden Business Transactions– by Shaikh Saalih al-Fawzaan