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Excellence of Fair Bargaining and Matters Relation to it

September 4, 2014
Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 240
Excellence of Fair Bargaining and Matters Relation to it

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And whatever you do of good deeds, truly, Allah knows it well.” (2:215)

“And O my people! Give full measure and weight in justice and reduce not the things that are due to the people.” (11:85)

“Woe to Al-Mutaffifun (those who give less in measure and weight). Those who, when they have to receive by measure from men, demand full measure. And when they have to give by measure or weight to (other) men, give less than due. Do they not think that they will be resurrected (for reckoning). On a Great Day? The Day when (all) mankind will stand before the Rubb of the `Alamin (mankind, jinn and all that exists)?” (83:1-6)

1367.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man demanded of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) for repayment of a loan and was harsh to him. His Companions were about to attack him, but he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Leave him, as the creditor is entitled to make a demand. Give him a camel of the same age as the camel that is due to him.” They said: “We find a better camel senior to it in age.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then buy it and give it to him; verily the best of you is the one who is the best in discharging his obligations (repayment of loans).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1368.   Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “May Allah show mercy to a man who adopts a kind attitude when he sells, buys and demands for the repayment of loans.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1369.  Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who likes Allah to deliver him from the calamities of the Day of Resurrection, let him either give respite to a debtor or grant him remission (of loans) in straitened circumstances.”
[Muslim].

1370.  Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There was a person who used to loan money to the people and he used to say to his servant: `When an insolvent person comes to you, show him leniency so that Allah may forbear our faults.’ So when he met Allah (i.e., when he died), Allah forgave him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1371.  Abu Mas`ud Al-Badri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A person from amongst the people who lived before you was called to account by Allah on the Day of Resurrection. No good deeds were found in his credit except that he being a rich man had (financial) dealings with people and had commanded his servants to show leniency to those who were in straitened circumstances. Upon this Allah, the Exalted, and Majestic said: `I am more entitled to this attribute, so waive (his faults).”’
[Muslim].

1372.  Hudhaifah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A slave of Allah whom He had endowed with wealth, will be brought before Him. Allah will ask him: `What did you do in the world?’ (They cannot conceal anything from Allah.) He will say: `O my Rubb, You endowed me with Your wealth; I used to enter into transactions with people and it was my nature to be lenient to the insolvent ones. I used to give respite to those who were in straitened circumstances.’ Whereupon Allah will say: `I am more entitled than you to do this. So forgive my slave‘.” `Uqbah bin `Amir and Abu Mas`ud Al-Ansari (May Allah be pleased with them) said, “Thus we heard it from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).”
[Muslim].

1373.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who gives respite to someone who is in straitened circumstances, or grants him remission, Allah will shelter him in the shade of His Throne, on the Day of Resurrection, when there will be no shade except its shade.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1374.   Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) purchased a camel from me and weighed more than its price.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1375.   Abu Safwan Suwaid bin Qais (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Makhramah Al-`Abdi and I procured some drapery from Hajar and brought them to Makkah. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came and bargained with us for some trousers and we sold them to him. We had a person who weighed the cloth in order to fix the price. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to him, “Weigh and add a little to it.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

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