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Prohibition of Malpractices in Commerce

September 4, 2014
Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 355
Prohibition of Malpractices in Commerce

1775. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade that a person in the city should make a deal on behalf of a villager on commission even if he is his real brother.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1776. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not meet the merchandise till they arrive in the market.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1777. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The caravans carrying merchandise should not be met on the way to purchase from them; a man in the city should not sell for a man of the desert.

Tawus asked him (Ibn `Abbas): “What do these words really imply?” He said: “He should not work as an agent on his behalf.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1778. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade that a man in the city should be the commission agent of a man from the desert and prohibited the practice of Najsh (i.e., offering a high price for something in order to allure another customer who is interested in the thing); and that a man should make an offer while the offer of his brother is pending; or that he should make a proposal of marriage while that of his brother is pending; or that a woman should try that a sister of hers might be divorced so that she might take her place.

     Another narration is: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) forbade the people from meeting the caravan on the way for entering into business transaction with them; and the selling of the goods by a dweller of the city on behalf of a man of the desert; and the seeking by a woman the divorce of her sister (from her husband); and the practice of Najsh and leaving the animals unmilked (for sometime for the purpose of accumulation of milk to deceive the buyer).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1779. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A person should not enter into a transaction when his (Muslim) brother has already negotiated, nor should he make a proposal of marriage when that of his brother is pending, except with the permission of the latter.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim]

1780. `Uqbah bin `Amir (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A Mu’min is the brother of another Mu’min; and thus it is not permissible for a Mu’min to make an offer while the offer of his brother is pending, nor should he make a proposal of marriage while that of his brother is pending till he withdraws his proposal.”
[Muslim].

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