An-Nadhr (Vows) and their Evidence – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 25 Part C
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link


An-Nadhr (Vows) and their Evidence

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

And the proof for vows:

يُوفُونَ بِالنَّذْرِ وَيَخَافُونَ يَوْمًا كَانَ شَرُّهُ مُسْتَطِيرًا

They fulfill their vows and they fear a Day whose evil will be widespread [76:7] 26


[26]: Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan’s Explanation:

An-Nadhr (making a vow): it is that a person makes something binding upon himself which was not originally binding upon him in the legislation, such as his making a vow that he will perform a fast, or his making a vow that he will give such and such in charity – then it becomes binding upon him to carry out his vow, because of the saying of the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam:

من نذر أن يطيع الله فليطعه

Whoever makes a vow that he will obey Allaah, then let him obey Him

[Reported by al-Bukhaaree (6696 & 6700) from a hadeeth of Aa’ishah radiy Allaahu ‘anhaa.]

And making a vow is a type from the types of worship, it is not permissible to do it except for Allaah. So whoever makes a vow for a grave or for an idol or for other than that, then he has committed shirk with Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and it will be a vow of sin and shirk. And the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

ومن نذر أن يعصي الله فلا يعصه

And whoever makes a vow that he will commit an act of disobedience to Allaah, then let him not disobey Him”.

PS: Dawud Burbank (rahimahullah) covers some more benefits from the Explanation of Shaykh Uthaymeen rahimahullah at the end of this short clip ( this is not transcribed)

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Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

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Related Links:

Oaths (Qasam) in the Qur’an – Shaykh Uthaymeen |Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Audio|En]


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Principles of Tafseer – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Audio Sourcehttp://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=113&Itemid=59

Impermissible Vows : If Allaah cures me from my illness then I will give such and such in charity

The Dislike of Making a vow

478 – “Allaah Azza wa jal said: Making a vow does not earn anything for the son of Adam except that which I have destined for him. Rather, making a vow is something which makes a miserly person give. He comes to Me with that which he would not offer due to his miserliness. “

And in another narration: ‘He offers that which he never offered before.”

From The Fiqh of the hadeeth

This hadeeth, with all its different wordings, indicates that it is not legislated to make a vow, rather it is disliked.

The apparent meaning of this prohibition in some of its narrations is that making a vow is haram as some of the scholars have said. However, the saying of Allaah Ta’ala: “Rather, making a vow is something which makes a miserly person give.” One feels that this dislike or prohibition is specific to making a vow which is offered to Allaah as a recompense or which is done in exchange for a reward rather than a vow which, from the onset, is done out of obedience to Allaah. This (second type of) vow is purely a means of coming closer to Allaah.

This is because the one who is making the (second type of) vow has the correct intent with it, i.e. that he wants to receive an obligatory reward, which is better than the optional reward. This is the vow which is intended – and Allaah knows best – with the saying of Allaah Ta’ala: <<They fulfil their vows>> rather than the meaning of the vow which is offered as a recompense to Allaah or which is done in exchange for a reward.

Al-Hafidh said in ‘al- Fath (11/ 5000) that at -Tabari narrated an athar with an authentic chain on the authority of Qatadah who said regarding the saying of Allaah Ta’ala: <<They fulfil their vows>>

‘They would make vows in obedience to Allaah in their prayer and their Fasting, Zakaat, Hajj, Umra and in those things that Allaah had made obligatory upon them. Allaah labelled them as righteous people. It is clear that this praise is not for the making a vow which is offered as a recompense to Allaah.’

Before this he said:

‘That Qurtubi mentioned in his book ‘al- Mufhim’, that the prohibition in the hadeeth regarding the vow was that vow offered as a reward to Allaah, and he said:

An example of this prohibition is to say for instance, “If Allaah cures me from my illness then I will give such and such in charity.” The point of objection here is when the goal of coming closer to Allaah is given a condition, this then makes it clear that the action was not done with the pure intention of coming closer to Allaah Ta’ala rather he did it in exchange for recompense.

What shows us this is that if he was not cured -from his illness- then he would not give charity. So he attached the act of giving charity to (Allaah) curing him. This is the condition of the miserly person. Surely he does not give anything from his wealth unless he has a quick, increased return on what he gave.

So this is the meaning which is referred to in the hadeeth when the Messenger of Allaah said “Making a vow is something which extracts from a miserly person, that which a miserly person would not give”

Sometimes what is added to this ignorant belief is the idea that a vow means that the goal will be achieved or that Allaah gives him this goal due to this vow. This is also indicated in the hadeeth: “Without doubt, a vow cannot repel whatever Allaah has destined”. The first situation is close to disbelief and the second is a clear mistake.’

Al- Hafidh said: “I say: rather that the second type is also close to disbelief.” Then he brings a quote from al-Qurtubi in which the scholars regarded the prohibition mentioned in the narration is understood to be of disapproval. Then he says: “what is apparent to me is that, it is held to be prohibited for the one whom you fear has corrupt belief. Therefore it would be haram for this person to make this vow, and it would be regarded as disapproval for the one who does not have that corrupted belief.”

This is a good explanation and what supports this is the story of Ibn Umar, who is the narrator of the hadeeth regarding the prohibition of vows, since they are vows offered as recompense.

I say: what he intends by this story is what has been narrated by Hakim (4/304) by way of Faleeh bin Sulayman on the authority of Sa’eed bin Harith that he heard Abdullaah bin Umar when he was asked by a man called Mas’ood bin ‘Amr, from the tribe of Bani Ka’b, say: o Abu Abdur Rahman my son was in the lands of the Persians, from those who were with Umar bin UbaydAllaah in Basra. There fell a severe plague, so when this reached me I made a vow that if Allaah brought my son to me I would walk to the ka’ba. My son came, but he was sick and died, so what do you think? ‘

Ibn Umar said: Were we not prohibited from making vows?! Certainly the Messenger of Allaah -alayhis-sallat wa sallam- said; “A vow doesn’t bring anything forward nor does it delay anything, rather it takes something out of a miserly person.” Fulfil your vow.”

So, summing up, there is a warning in this hadeeth for the Muslim not to approach a vow which is offered as a reward. Therefore it is for the people to know this so that they do not fall into this prohibition whilst they thought that they were acquiring good by their deeds!

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his Family, his Companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Posted from: The Ahadeeth of Tawheed, Explained By the Muhaaddith, the Allaamah, Shaykh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimullaah), Source: Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani (rahimahullaah), Translated by: Abbas Abu Yahya (hafidhahullaah)

Rulings on Vows – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Rulings Related To Vows – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/rulings-related-to-vows-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Intro to Islam – Making Vows – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/intro-to-islam-making-vows-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Rulings on Oaths – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

  1. Rulings on Oaths – 01- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  2. Rulings on Oaths – 02- Saleh-As-Saleh
  3. Rulings on Oaths – 03- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  4. Rulings on Oaths – 04- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  5. Rulings on Oaths – 05- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  6. Rulings on Oaths – 06- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  7. Rulings on Oaths – 07- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  8. Rulings on Oaths – 08- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  9. Rulings on Oaths – 09- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  10. Rulings on Oaths – 10- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  11. Rulings on Oaths – 11- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  12. Rulings on Oaths – 12- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  13. Rulings on Oaths – 13- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  14. Rulings on Oaths – 14- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  15. Rulings on Oaths – 15- Saleh-As-Saleh 
  16. Rulings on Oaths – 16- Saleh-As-Saleh 

Some Ahadeeth Pertaining to taking Oaths, Vows and Expiations – Shaykh al Albaani

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah  
By the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasir uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

1 – 1175 – From Hudayfah that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid:

‘Do not say: whatever Allaah wills and whatever so and so wills, but you should say: whatever Allaah wills then whatever so and so wills.’

No. 137

2- 1176 – From Sahl bin Haneef that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamnarrated to him, where he said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to me:

‘You are my messenger to Makkah; so convey my Salam to them, and tell them: that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam orders you with three things:

‘Do not swear by your fathers –[and in another narration: with other than Allaah]– and if you relieve yourselves then do not face the Qiblah nor face your back to it, and do not clean yourselves using bones, nor with dung.’

No. 3953

3 – 1178 – From Abdullaah bin Buraidah from his father who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Whoever swears by a trust then he is not from us, and whoever causes a wife to hate her husband or a slave to hate his master then he is not from us.’

No. 325

4 – 1180 – From Abu Umamah bin Thalabah who said: I heard the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying:

‘Whoever acquires wealth of a Muslim by swearing a false oath; then it will be a black speck on his heart, and nothing will change it until the Day of Judgement.’

No. 3364

5 – 1183 – From Abdullaah bin ‘Amr bin al-Aaas: that the wife of Abu Dharr came on (al-Qaswa, the camel) the ride of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, until the camel knelt down at the Masjid, and she said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah! I took an oath that if Allaah saved me/delivered me upon this, then I would eat from its liver and its hump!

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘What a wretched reward you have given it, this is not an oath, indeed an oath is what is done desiring the Face of Allaah.’

The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said this about the wife of Abu Dharr who had taken an oath, that if she was saved from the kuffar upon the ride of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam then she would slaughter it.’

No.3309

6 – 1184 – From Thabit bin ad-Dhihaak who said: a man at the time of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam took an oath that he would slaughter an animal atBoowana (a certain place), when the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamcame he said: I have taken an oath that I would slaughter at Boowana, so the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to him:

‘Was there an idol from the idols of Jahileeyah worshipped there?’

He answered: ‘No.’

The Messenger asked: ‘Was there an Eid (a day of celebration) from the days of celebration at that place?’

He answered: ‘No.’

So the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Fulfil your oath, indeed an oath is not fulfilled in sinning against Allaah, nor in breaking relations, nor in that which the son of Adam does not possess.’

No. 2872

7 – 1185 – From Ibn Abbas Radi Allaahu anhu from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said:

‘There are two types of vows, firstly, that which was for Allaah, so its expiation is fulfilling it. Secondly that which was for Shaytaan then there is no fulfilment of that but the expiation is the penalty of the unfulfilled vow.’

No. 479

8 – 1186 – From Abu Hurairah from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said:

‘Allaah -Azza wa Jal- said: Making a vow does not earn anything for the son of Adam except that which I have destined for him.  Rather, making a vow is something which makes a miserly person give.  He comes to Me with that which he would not offer due to his miserliness.’

No. 478

9 – 1187 – From Uqbah bin ‘Aamir al-Jahnee who said: my sister made an oath that she would walk to the Ka’aba barefooted, and with her head uncovered, when the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saw her he asked:

‘What is wrong with her?’

They answered that she took an oath that she would walk to the Ka’aba barefooted, and with her head uncovered.

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘Order her to get a ride, and cover herself, perform the Hajj and slaughter a sacrificial animal.’

No. 2930

10 – From Ibn Abbas: that a man came to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: last night I saw in a dream, shaded clouds trickling with clarified butter and honey, and I saw people taking handfuls from it, there were those who were taking a lot and there were those who were taking a little and there was a rope connected from the earth to the sky.  I saw you take it and ascend with it, then another man took it and ascended with it, then another man took it and ascended with it, then a man took it and it was cut off, then connected.

Abu Bakr said O Messenger of Allaah! May my father be sacrificed for you, I swear by Allaah if you allow me I will interpret it for you.

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said to him: ‘Go ahead interpret it.’

He said: ‘As for the shaded clouds then that is Islaam, as for the trickling of clarified butter and honey, then that is the Qur’aan and its sweetness trickles for the one who reads a lot of Qur’aan and for the one who reads a little of the Qur’aan.

As for the connected rope from the sky to the earth, then that is the truth which you are upon so you take it then Allaah caused you to ascend, then another man held on and ascended, then another man took it and ascended, then another man took it then it cuts off, then it connects and ascended with it, so tell me O Messenger of Allaah – may my father be sacrificed for you – was I right or wrong?’

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘You were right in some of it and wrong in some.’

Then Abu Bakr said: ‘I swear by Allaah that you will narrate to me of that which I made a mistake in.’

The Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Do not take an oath.’

No.121

Expiation of Oaths

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 317
Expiation of Oaths

Allah, the Exalted, says:

Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths, but He will punish you for your deliberate oaths; for its expiation (a deliberate oath) feed ten Masakin (poor persons), on a scale of the average of that with which you feed your own families, or clothe them or manumit a slave. But whosoever cannot afford (that), then he should observe fast for three days. That is the expiation for the oaths when you have sworn. And protect your oaths (i.e., do not swear much).” (5:89)

1719. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Ayah: “Allah will not punish you for what is unintentional in your oaths …” was revealed in respect of those persons who are in the habit of repeating: `No, by Allah’; and `Yes, by Allah.’
[Al-Bukhari].

Desirability of Expiating the Oath taken by a Person who afterwards Breaks it for a better Alternative

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 316
Desirability of Expiating the Oath taken by a Person who afterwards Breaks it
for a better Alternative

1715. `Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me, “When you take an oath and consider something else to be better than it, make expiation for your oath and choose the better alternative.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1716. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When you swear an oath and consider something else to be better than it, make expiation for your oath and do the thing that is better.”
[Muslim].

1717. Abu Musa (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily, I swear by Allah, if Allah wills, I shall not swear to do something but that if I consider something else to be better than it, then I shall make expiation for my oath and adopt the thing that is better.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1718. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Persistence in respect of his oath about his family is more sinful with Allah than the payment of its expiation prescribed by Allah.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Abomination of Swearing in Transaction

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 318
Abomination of Swearing in Transaction

1720. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Swearing produces a ready sale for a commodity, but blots out the blessing.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1721. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Beware of excessive swearing in sale, because it may promote trade but this practice will eliminate the blessing.
[Muslim].

Illegality of Swearing Falsely

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 315
Illegality of Swearing Falsely

1712. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who takes oath to acquire the property of a Muslim unjustly will meet Allah and He will be angry with him” then he recited:
Verily, those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their oaths, they shall have no portion in the Hereafter. Neither will Allah speak to them nor look at them on the Day of Resurrection nor will He purify them, and they shall have a painful torment.” (3:77)
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1713. Abu Umamah Iyas bin Tha`labah Al-Harithi (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who misappropriates the right of a Muslim by taking a false oath, Allah will condemn him to the fire of Hell and will forbid Jannah for him.” A person asked: “O Messenger of Allah, even if it is something insignificant?” He replied, “Yes, even if it is the twig of the Arak tree.”
[Muslim].

1714. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-As (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Of the major sins are: Associating anything in worship with Allah, disobedience to the parents, killing without justification and taking a false oath (intentionally).
[Al-Bukhari].

Another narration is: A bedouin came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and asked him: “O Messenger of Allah, what are the cardinal sins?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Associating anything with Allah in worship.” The man asked: “(What is) next?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus.” He asked: “What do you mean by Al-Yamin Al-Ghamus?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Swearing falsely to usurp the property of a Muslim.

Prohibition of Swearing in the name of anything besides Allah

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 314
Prohibition of Swearing in the name of anything besides Allah

1707. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah has prohibited you from taking an oath by your fathers. He who must take an oath, may do so by swearing in the Name of Allah or he should remain silent.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1708. `Abdur-Rahman bin Samurah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Swear neither by the name of Taghut (i.e., false deities, false leaders, etc.) nor by your fathers.
[Muslim].

1709. Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who swears by Amanah (trust) is not one of us.
[Abu Dawud with authentic Isnad].

1710. Buraidah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If anyone swears that in such and such case he will be free from Islam and afterwards he turns out to be a liar, he will be as he has sworn; but if he is speaking the truth, he will not revert safely to Islam.
[Abu Dawud].

1711. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard a man saying: “No, by the Ka`bah.” I admonished him: “Do not swear by any thing besides Allah, for I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, `He who swears by anyone or anything other than Allah, has indeed committed an act of Kufr or Shirk’.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

Sahih Muslim : Book 15: The Book of Oaths (Kitab Al-Aiman)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 15:

The Book of Oaths (Kitab Al-Aiman)

Chapter 1: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO TAKE THE OATHS IN THE NAME OF ANYONE ELSE BESIDES ALLAH


Book 015, Number 4035:

 

‘Umar b. al-Khattib reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Great and Majestic, forbids you to swear by your fathers. Umar said: By Allah. I have never sworn (by my father) since I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding it mentioning them” on my behalf” nor on behalf of someone else.


Book 015, Number 4036:

 

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Zuhri except that in the hadith narrated on the authority of Uqail the words are:” I did not take oath by (anyone else except Allah) since I heard Allah’s Messenger forbidding it. nor did I speak in such terms, and the narrator did not say,” on my own behalf or on behalf of someone else”.


Book 015, Number 4037:

 

Salim reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) heard ‘Umar while he was taking oath by his father. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4038:

 

‘Abdullah (b. Umar) reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) found, Umar b. al-Khattab amongst the riders and he was taking oath by his father Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called them (saying) ; Our Allah, the Exated and Majestic, has forbidden you that you take oath by your father. He who bag to take an oath, he must take it by Allah or keep quiet.


Book 015, Number 4039:

 

This hadith is narrated on the authority of Ibn Umar through another chain of transmitters.


Book 015, Number 4040:

 

Ibn ‘Umar heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who has to take an oath, he must not take oath but by Allah. The Quraish used to take oath by their fathers. So he (the Holy Prophet) said: Do not take oath by your fathers.

Chapter 2: HE WHO TAKES AN OATH BY LAT AND UZZA, HE SHOULD SAY: THERE IS NO GOD BUT ALLAH


Book 015, Number 4041:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who takes an oath in the course of which he says: By Lat (and al-‘Uzza), he should say: There is no god but Allah; and that it anyone says to his friend:” Come and I will gamble with you,” he should pay sadaqa.


Book 015, Number 4042:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri.


Book 015, Number 4043:

 

Abd al-Rahman b. Samura reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not swear by idols, nor by your fathers.

Chapter 3: IT IS EXCELLENT TO BREAK THE VOW IF ONE FINDS IT BETTER DOING THAT WHICH IS AGAINST THIS VOW ONE SHOULD EXPIATE IT


Book 015, Number 4044:

 

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported: I came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) along with a group of Ash’arites requesting to give us a mount. He (the Holy Prophet) said: By Allah, I cannot provide you with a mount, and there is nothing with me which I should give you as a ride. He (the narrator) said: We stayed there as long as Allah willed. Then there were brought to him (to the Holy Prophet) camels. He (the Holy Prophet) then ordered to give us three white humped camels, We started and said (or some of us said to the others): Allah will not bless us. We came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) begging him to provide us with riding camels. He swore that he could not provide us with a mount, but later on he provided us with that. They (some of the Prophet’s Companions) came and informed him about this (rankling of theirs), whereupon he said: It was not I who provided you with a mount, but Allah has provided you with that. So far as I am concerned, by Allah, if He so wills, I would not swear, but if, later on, I would see better than it, I (would break the vow) and expiate it and do that which is better.


Book 015, Number 4045:

 

Abu Musa reported: My friends sent me to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) asking him to provide them with mounts as they were going along with him in jaish al-‘Usrah (the army of destitutes or of meagre means or army setting out during the hard times and that is the occasion of the expedition of Tabuk) I said: Apostle of Allah, my friends have sent me to you so that you may provide them with mounts. He (the Holy Prophet) said: By Allah, I cannot provide you with anything to ride. And it so happened that he was at that time much perturbed. I little knew of it, so I came back with a heavy heart on account of the refusal of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and the fear that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) might have some feelings against me. I returned to my friends and informed them about what Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) had said. I had hardly stayed for a little that I heard Bilal calling: ‘Abdullah b. Qais. I responded to his call. He said: Hasten to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), he is calling you, When I came to the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) he said: Take this pair, this pair, and this pair (i. e. six camels which he had bought from Sa’d), and take them to y, our friends and say: Verily Allah (or he said: Verily Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) has provided you with these animals. So ride upon them. Abu Musa said: I went along with them to my friends and said: Verily Allah’s messenger (may peace be upon him) has provided you with these animals for riding; but by Allah, I shall not leave you until some of you go along with me to him who had heard the talk of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) then I asked him for you, and his refusal for the first time, and then his granting them to me subsequently; so you should not think that I narrated to you something which he did not say. They said to me: By Allah, in our opinion you are certainly truthful, and we would do as you like. So Abu Musa went along withsome of the menfrom them until they came to those who had heard the words of Allah’s Messenger (may, peace be upon him) and his refusal to (provide) them with (animals) ; and subsequently his granting (the animals) to them; and they narrated to them exactly as Abu Masa had narrated to them.


Book 015, Number 4046:

 

Ayyub said: We were sitting in the company of Abu Musa that he called for food and it consisted of flesh of fowl. It was then that a person from Banu Tamim visited him. His complexion was red having the resemblance of a slave. He said to him: Come and (join me in food). He showed reluctance. He (Abu Masa) said: Come on, for I saw Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) eating it (fowl’s meat), whereupon that person said: I saw it eating something (of filth and rubbish) and I found it repugnant and took an oath that I would never eat that. He (Abu Muds) said: Come, so that I would narrate to you about that (the incident pertaining to vow). (And he narrated thus): I came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) along with a group of people belonging to the tribe of Ash’ari, asking him to provide us with riding camels. He (the Holy Prophet) said: By Allah, I cannot provide you with riding animals. And there is nothing with me with which I can provide you a mount. We stayed (for some time) there as Allah willed, and there was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) booty of camels. He called us and commanded that we should be given five white humped camels. As we were about to go back, some of us said to the other: As we made Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forget oath, there would be no blessing for us (in his gift). We went back to him and said: Allah’s Messenger, we came to you to provide us with riding animals and you took an oath that you would never equip us with mounts and then you have provided us with the riding beasts Allali’s Messenger, have you forgotten? Thereupon he said: I swear by Allah that if Allah so wills, I shall not swear an oath, and then consider something else to be better than it without making atonement for my oath and doing the thing that is better. So you go; Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, has given you riding animals.


Book 015, Number 4047:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Musa al-Ash’ari with a slight variation of words.


Book 015, Number 4048:

 

Zahdam al-Jarmi reported: We were in the company of Abu Musa. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4049:

 

Zahdam al-Jarmi reported: I visited Abu Musa and lie was eating fowl’s meat. The rest of the hadith is the same with this addition that he (the Holy Prophet) said: By Allah, I did not forget it.


Book 015, Number 4050:

 

Abu Musa al-Ash’ari reported: We came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) requesting him to provide us with riding camels. He (the Holy Prophet) said: There is nothing with me with which I should equip you. By Allah, I would not provide you with (riding camels). Then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) sent to us three camels with spotted bumps. We said: We came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) asking him to equip us with riding animals. He took an oath that he could not equip us. We came to him and informed him. He said: By Allah, I do not take an oath, but when I find the other thing better than that, I do that which is better.


Book 015, Number 4051:

 

Abu Musa reported: We walked on foot and came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace he upon him) asking him to provide us with mounts. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4052:

 

Abu Huraira reported: A person sat late in the night with Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), and then came to his family and found that his children had gone to sleep. His wife brought food for him. but he took an oath that he would not eat because of his children (having gone to sleep without food) He then gave precedence (of breaking the vow and then expiating it) and ate the food He then came to Allah s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and made mention of that to him, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) said: He who took an oath and (later on) found something better than that should do that, and expiate for (breaking) his vow.


Book 015, Number 4053:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who took an oath and then found another thing better than (this) should expiate for the oath (broken) by him and do (the better thing).


Book 015, Number 4054:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who took an oath and (later on) found another thing better than that, he should do that which is better, and expiate for the vow (broken by him).


Book 015, Number 4055:

 

This hadith is narrated on the authority of Suhail with the same chain of transmitters (with these words):” He should expiate for (breaking) the vow and do that which is better.”


Book 015, Number 4056:

 

Tamim b. Tarafa reported: A beggar came to ‘Adi b. Hatim and he begged him to give him the price of a slave, or some portion of the price of the slave. He (‘Adi) said: I have nothing to give you except my coat-of-mail and helmet. I will, however, write to my family to give that to you, but he did not agree to that. Thereupon ‘Adi was enraged, and said: By Allah, I will not give you anything. The person (then) agreed to accept that, whereupon he said: By Allah, had I not heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying:” He who took an oath, but then found something more pious in the sight of Allah, he should (break the oath) and do that which is more pious,” I would not have broken the oath (and thus paid you anything).


Book 015, Number 4057:

 

‘Adi b. Hatim reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who took an oath, but he found something else better than that, should do that which is better and break his oath.


Book 015, Number 4058:

 

‘Adi reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When anyone amongst you takes an oath, but he finds (something) better than that he should expiate (the breaking of the oath), and do that which is better.


Book 015, Number 4059:

 

This hadith is reported on the authority of Adi b. Hatim through another chain of transmitters.


Book 015, Number 4060:

 

Tamim b. Tarafa reported that he beard ‘Adi b. Hatim say that a person came to him and asked for one hundred dirhams. He (‘Adi) said: You asked Me for one hundred dirhams and I am the son of Hatim; by Allah, I will not give you. But then he said: (I would have done that) if I had not heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) say: He who takes an oath, but then finds something better than that, should do that which is better.


Book 015, Number 4061:

 

Tamim b. Tarafa reported: I heard ‘Adi b. Hatim say that a person asked that and then narrated (the hadith) like one (mentioned above), but he made this addition:” Here are four hundred (dirhams) for you out of my gift.”


Book 015, Number 4062:

 

Abd al-Rahman b. Samura reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to me: Abd al-Rahman b. Samura, don’t ask for authority for if it is granted to you for asking for it, you would be commissioned for it (without having the support of Allah), but if you are granted it without your asking for it. You would be helped (by Allah) in it. And when you take an oath and find something else better than that, expiate for (breaking) your oath, and do that which is better. This hadith has also been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Farrukh.


Book 015, Number 4063:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Samura through another chain of transmitters but there is no mention of the word” authority”.

Chapter 4: THE OATH WOULD BE CONSIDERED ON THE BASIS OF THE INTENTION OF ONE WHO TAKES AN OATH


Book 015, Number 4064:

 

Abu Haraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Your oath should be about something regarding which your companion will believe you. ‘Amr said: By which your companion will believe you.


Book 015, Number 4065:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: An oath is to be interpreted according to the intention of the one who takes it.

Chapter 5: EXPRESSING THE WORDS” GOD WILLING” IN THE OATH


Book 015, Number 4066:

 

Abu Huraira reported that (Hadrat) Sulaiman had sixty wives. He (one day) said: I will visit each one of them every night, and every one of them will become pregnant and give birth to a male child who will be a horseman and fight in the cause of Allah. But (it so happened) that none of them became pregnant except one, but she gave birth to an incomplete child. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Had he said Insha’ Allah (if God so wills), then every one of them would have given birth to a child who would have been a horseman and fought in the cause of Allah


Book 015, Number 4067:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Prophet (may peace be upon him) as saying that Sulaiman b. Dawud, the Apostle of Allah, observed: I will have an intercourse with seventy wives during the night; all of them will give birth to a male child who will fight in the cause of Allah. His companion or the ang I said to him: Say,” If God wills.” But he (Hadrat Sulaimin) did not say so, and he forgot it. And none of his wives gave birth to a child, but one who gave birth to a premature child. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Had he said Insha’ Allah (if God so will). he would not have failed and his desire would have been materialised.


Book 015, Number 4068:

 

Abu Huraira reported this hadith from the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) through another chain of transmitters.


Book 015, Number 4069:

 

Abu Huraira reported that Sulaiman b. Dawud said: I will certainly have intercourse with seventy wives during the night, and every wife amongst them will give birth to a child, who will fight in the cause of Allah. It was said to him: Say:” Insha’ Allah” (God willing), but he did not say so and forgot it. He went round them but none of them give birth to a child except one woman and that too was an incomplete person. Upon this Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If he had said” Insha’ Allah.” he would not have failed, and his desire must have been fulfilled.


Book 015, Number 4070:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying that Sulaiman b. Dawud (once) said: I will go round in the night to my ninety wives, and every one of them will give birth to a child (who will grow up) as a horseman and fight in the cause of Allah His companions said to him: Say” Insha’ Allah.” but he did not say Inshii’ Allah. He went round all of them but none of them became pregnant but one, and she gave birth to a premature child. And by Him in Whose hand is the life of Muhammad, if he had said, Insha’ Allah (his wives would have given birth to the children who would all have grown up into horsemen and fought in the way of Allah). This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Zinad with the same chain of transmitters with a variation of (these words):” Every one of them giving birth to a child, who would have fought in the cause of Allah.”

Chapter 6: IT IS FORBIDDEN TO PERSIST IN AN OATH WHICH CAUSES TROUBLE TO THE FAMILY, AND IS NOT LAWFUL


Book 015, Number 4071:

 

Hammam b. Munabbih reported: This is what Abu Huraira reported to us from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he narrated a hadith and (one) of them is that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: I swear by Allah, it is more sinful in Allah’s sight for one of you to persist in an oath regarding his family than payment of its expiation which Allah has imposed upon him (for breaking the oath).

Chapter 7: WHAT A NON-BELIEVER SHOULD DO WITH HIS VOW WHEN HE EMBRACES ISLAM


Book 015, Number 4072:

 

Ibn ‘Umar reported that Umar (b. Khattab) said: Messenger of Allah, I had taken a vow during the days of Ignorance (Jahiliyya) that I would observe I’tikaf for a night in the Sacred Mosque. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Fulfil your vow.


Book 015, Number 4073:

 

This hadith is transmitted on the authority of Ibn Umar with a slight variation of words.


Book 015, Number 4074:

 

‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported that ‘Umar b. Khattab asked the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) as he was at ji’rana (a town near Mecca) on his way back from Ta’if: Messenger of Allah, I had taken a vow during the days of Ignorance that I would observe I’tikaf for one day in the Sacred Mosque. So what is your opinion? He said: Go and observe I’tikaf for a day. And Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave him a slave girl out of the one-fifth (of the spoils of war meant for the Holy Prophet). And when Allah’s Messenger (inay peace be upon him) set the war prisoners free. ‘Umar b. Khattab heard their voice as they were saying: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) has set as free. He (Hadrat ‘Umar) said: What is this? They said: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) has set free the prisoners of war (which had fallen to the lot of people). Thereupon he (Hadrat ‘Umar) said: Abdullah, go to that slave-girl and set her free.


Book 015, Number 4075:

 

lbn ‘Umar reported: When Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) came back from the Battle of Hunain, Umar asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about the vow he had taken during the days of Ignorance that he would observe I’tikaf for a day. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4076:

 

Nafi’ reported: A mention of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) observing ‘Umra from ja’rina was made before Ibn ‘Umar. He said: He did not enter into the state of Ihram from that (place), and Umar had taken a vow of observing I’tikaf for a night during the days of Ignorance. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4077:

 

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ibn Umar through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of words.

Chapter 8: HOW SHOULD THE MASTERS TREAT THEIR SLAVES AND EXPIATION IF THEY SHOW HIGH-HANDEDNESS


Book 015, Number 4078:

 

Zadhan Abl Umar reported: I came to Ibn ‘Umar as he had granted freedom to a stave. He (the narrator further) said: He took hold of a wood or something like it from the earth and said: It (freedom of a slave) has not the reward evert equal to it, but the fact that I heard Allah’s Messenger (way peace be upon him) say: He who slaps his slave or beats him, the expiation for it is that he should set him free.


Book 015, Number 4079:

 

Zadhan reported that Ibn Umar called his slave and he found the marks (of beating) upon his back. He said to him: I have caused you pain. He said: No. But he (Ibn Umar) said: You are free. He then took hold of something from the earth and said: There is no reward for me even to the weight equal to it. I heard Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who beats a slave without cognizable offence of his or slaps him (without any serious fault), then expiation for it is that he should set him free.


Book 015, Number 4080:

 

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words.


Book 015, Number 4081:

 

Mu’awiya b. Suwaid reported: I slapped a slave belonging to us and then fled away. I came back just before noon and offered prayer behind my father. He called him (the slave) and me and said: Do as he has done to you. He granted pardon. He (my father) then said: We belonged to the family of Muqarrin during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him. and had only one slave-girl and one of us slapped her. This news reached Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he said: Set her free. They (the members of the family) said: There is no other servant except she. Thereupon he said: Then employ her and when you can afford to dispense with her services, then set her free.


Book 015, Number 4082:

 

Hilal b. Yasaf reported that a person got angry and slapped his slave-girl. Thereupon Suwaid b. Muqarrin said to him: You could find no other part (to slap) but the prominent part of her face. See I was one of the seven sons of Muqarrin, and we had but only one slave-girl. The youngest of us slapped her, and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded us to set her free. 2097


Book 015, Number 4083:

 

Hilal b. Yasaf reported: We used to sell cloth in the house of Suwaid b. Muqarrin, the brother of Nu’man b. Muqarrin. There came out a slave-girl, and she said something to a person amongst us, and he slapped her. Suwaid was enraged-the rest of the hadlth is the same.


Book 015, Number 4084:

 

Suwaid b. Muqarrin reported that he had a slave-girl and a person (one of the members of the family) slapped her, whereupon Suwaid said to him: Don’t you know that it is forbidden (to strike the) face. He said: You see I was the seventh one amongst my brothers during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and we had but only one servant. One of us got enraged and slapped him. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded us to set him free.


Book 015, Number 4085:

 

Wahb b. Jarir reported: Shu’ba informed that Muhammad b. Munkadir said to me: What is your name? The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 015, Number 4086:

 

Abu Mas’ud al-Badri reported: I was beating my slave with a whip when I heard a voice behind me: Understand, Abu Masud; but I did not recognise the voice due to intense anger. He (Abu Mas’ud) reported: As he came near me (I found) that he was the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he was saying: Bear in mind, Abu Mas’ud; bear in mind. Abu Mas’ud. He (Aba Maslad) said: threw the whip from my hand. Thereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Bear in mind, Abu Mas’ud; verily Allah has more dominance upon you than you have upon your slave. I (then) said: I would never beat my servant in future.


Book 015, Number 4087:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authorityo A’mash but with this variation of words:” There fell from my hand the whip on account of his (the Prophet’s) awe.”


Book 015, Number 4088:

 

Abu Mas’ud al-Ansari reported: When I was beating my servant, I heard a voice behind me (saying): Abu Mas’ud, bear in mind Allah has more dominance over you than you have upon him. I turned and (found him) to be Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). I said: Allah’s Messenger, I set him free for the sake of Allah. Thereupon he said: Had you not done that, (the gates of) Hell would have opened for you, or the fire would have burnt you.


Book 015, Number 4089:

 

Abu Mas’ud reported that he had been beating his slave and he had been saying: I seek refuge with Allah, but he continued beating him, whereupon he said: I seek refuge with Allah’s Messenger, and he spared him. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: By Allah, God has more dominance over you than you have over him (the slave). He said that he set him free. This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters, but made no mention of (these words) of his: I seek refuge with Allah, I seek refuge with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).

Chapter 9: IT IS IMPROPER TO ACCUSE THE SLAVE OF ADULTERY


Book 015, Number 4090:

 

Abu Huraira reported that Abu’l-Qasim (one of the names of Allah’s Messenger [may peace be upon him]) said: He who accused his slave of adultery, punishment would be imposed upon him on the Day of Resurrection, except in case the accusation was as he had said.


Book 015, Number 4091:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Ghazwan (and the words are):” I heard Abu’l-Qasim (may peace be upon him) as the Prophet of repentance.”

Chapter 10: FEEDING OF SLAVE WITH WHAT THE MASTER EATS HIMSELF AND CLOTHING HIM WITH WHAT HE WEARS HIMSELF AND NOT TO BURDEN HIM BEYOND CAPACITY


Book 015, Number 4092:

 

Al-Ma’rur b. Suwaid said: We went to Abu Dharr (Ghifari) in Rabadha and he had a mantle over him, and his slave had one like it. We said: Abu Dharr, had you joined them together, it would have been a complete garment. Thereupon he said: There was an altercation between me and one of the persons among my brothers. His mother was a non-Arab. I reproached him for his mother. He complained against me to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). As I met Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) he said: Abu Dharr, you are a person who still has (in him the remnants) of the days (of Ignorance). Thereupon I said: Allah’s Messenger, he who abuses (other) persons, they abuse (in return) his father and mother. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Abu Dharr, you are a person who still has (the remnants) of Ignorance in him They (your servants and slaves) are your brothers. Allah has put them in your care, so feed them with what you eat, clothe them with what you wear. and do not burden them beyond their capacities; but if you burden them (with an unbearable burden), then help them (by sharing their extra burden).


Book 015, Number 4093:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash but with a slight variation of words, e. g. in the hadith transmitted on the authority of Zuhair and Abu Mu’awiya after his words (these words of the Holy Prophet):” You are a person having the remnants of Ignorance in him.” (these words also occur, that Abu Dharr) said: Even up to this time of my old age? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Yes. In the tradition transmitted on the authority of Abu Mu’awiya (the words are):” Yes, in this time of your old age.” In the tradition transmitted on the authority of ‘Isa (the words are):” If you burden him (with an unbearable burden), you should sell him (and get another slave who can easily undertake this burden).” In the hadith transmitted on the authority of Zuhair (the words are):” Help him in that (work).” In the hadith transmitted by Abu Mu’awiya (separately) there is no such word: Then sell him or help him.” This hadith concludes with these words:” Do not burden him beyond his capacity.”


Book 015, Number 4094:

 

Ma’rur b. Suwaid reported: I saw Abu Dharr wearing clothes, and his slave wearing similar ones. I asked him about it, and he narrated that he had abused a person during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upoe. him) and he reproached him for his mother. That person came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and made mention of that to him. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: You are a person who has (remnants of) Ignorance in him. Your slaves are brothers of yours. Allah has placed them in your hand, and he who has his brother under him, he should feed him with what he eats, and dress him with what he dresses himself, and do not burden them beyond their capacities, and if you burden them, (beyond their capacities), then help them.


Book 015, Number 4095:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is essential to feed the slave, clothe him (properly) and not burden him with work which is beyond his power.


Book 015, Number 4096:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When the slave of anyone amongst you prepares food for him and he serves him after having sat close to (and undergoing the hardship of) heat and smoke, he should make him (the slave) sit along with him and make him eat (along with him), and if the food seems to run short, then he should spare some portion for him (from his own share) – (another narrator) Dawud said:” i. e. a morsel or two”. 4097

Chapter 11: REWARD OF THE SALVE WHEN HE IS LOYAL TO HIS MASTER AND IS GOOD IN WORSHIPPING ALLAH


Book 015, Number 4097:

 

Ibn Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a slave looks to the welfare of his master and worships Allah well, he has two rewards for him.


Book 015, Number 4098:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn ‘Umar through another chain of transmitters.


Book 015, Number 4099:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: For a faithful slave there are two rewards. By him in Whose hand is the life of Abu Huraira, but for Jibad in the cause of Allah, and Pilgrimage and kindness to my mother, I would have preferred to die as a slave. He (one of the narrators in the chain of transmitters) said: This news reached us that Abu Huraira did not perform Pilgrimage until his mother died for (keeping himself constantly) in her service. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Tahir but with a slight variation of words.


Book 015, Number 4100:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: When a slave fulfils obligation of Allah and obligation of his master, he has two rewards for him. I narrated this to Ka’b, and Ka’b said: (Such a slave) has no accountability, nor has a poor believer.


Book 015, Number 4101:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is good for a slave that he worships Allah well, and serves his master (well). It is good for him.

Chapter 12: HE WHO EMANCIPATES HIS SHARE IN THE SLAVE


Book 015, Number 4102:

 

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, and has enough money to pay the full price of the slave, then full emancipation devolves upon him; but if he has not the money, then he emancipated what he emancipated.


Book 015, Number 4103:

 

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who emancipates his share in the slave, it is his responsibility to secure full freedom for him provided he (the slave) has enough money to pay the (remaining) price, but it he has not so much money he would be emancipated to the extent that the first man emancipated.


Book 015, Number 4104:

 

‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, and he has money enough to meet the full price, a fair price for him should be fixed; otherwise be has emancipated him to the extent that he has emancipated.


Book 015, Number 4105:

 

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words.


Book 015, Number 4106:

 

Salim b. ‘Abdullah reported on the authority of his father that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: He who emancipates a slave (shared) by him and another one, his full price may be justly assessed from his wealth, neither less nor more, and he (the slave) would be emancipated if he (the partner) would be solvent enough (to forgo the amount of his share).


Book 015, Number 4107:

 

Ibn ‘Umar reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who gives up his share in a slave, the remaining (share) will be paid out of his riches if his riches are enough to meet the price of the slave.


Book 015, Number 4108:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: In case the slave is owned by two persons, and one of them emancipates him, he will guarantee (his full freedom).


Book 015, Number 4109:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters (and the words are):” He who emancipates a portion in a slave, he should (secure full) freedom for him from his property.”


Book 015, Number 4110:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: He who emancipates his portion in a slave, full emancipation may be secured for him out of his property (if he has money) if he has enough property to meet (the required expenses), but if he has not enough property, the slave should be put to extra labour (in order to earn money for buying his freedom), but he should not be overburdened.


Book 015, Number 4111:

 

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):” He will be required to work (in order to secure freedom) for that por- tion in which he has not been emancipated, without overburdening him.”


Book 015, Number 4112:

 

‘Imran b. Husain reported that a person who had no other property emancipated six slaves of his at the time of his death. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) called for them and divided them into three sections, cast lots amongst them, and set two free and kept four in slavery; and he (the Holy Prophet) spoke severely of him.


Book 015, Number 4113:

 

This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):” A person from among the Ansar willed away the freedom of six slaves of his at the time of his death.”


Book 015, Number 4114:

 

This hadith has been reported on the authority of Imran b. Husain through another chain of narrators.

Chapter 13: THE PERMISSIBILITY OF BUYING A MUDABBAR SLAVE


Book 015, Number 4115:

 

Jabir b. ‘Abdullah said that a person among the Ansar declared his slave free after his death, as he had no other property. This news reached the Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) and he said: Who will buy him from me? And Nu’aim b. al-Nahham bought him for eight hundred dirhams and he handed them over to him, ‘Amr (one of the narrators) said: I heard Jabir b. ‘Abdullah as saying: He was a Coptic slave, and he died in the first year (of the Caliphate of ‘Abdullah b. Zubair).


Book 015, Number 4116:

 

Jabir is reported to have said: A person amongst the Ansar who had no other property declared a slave free after his death. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) sold him, and Ibn al-Nahham bought him and he was a Coptic slave (who) died in the first year of the Caliphate of Ibn Zubair.


Book 015, Number 4117:

 

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of Jabir through another chain of transmitters.


Book 015, Number 4118:

 

This hadith has been narrated from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) through other chains of transmitters.


 

[ Index Page ]

Sahih Muslim : Book 16: The Book Pertaining to the Oath, for Establishing the Responsibility of Murders, Fighting, Requital and Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Kitab Al-Qasama wa’l-Muharaba wa’l-Qisas wa’l-Diyat)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 16:

The Book Pertaining to the Oath, for Establishing the Responsibility of Murders, Fighting, Requital and Blood-Wit (Kitab Al-Kitab Al-Qasama wa’l-Muharaba wa’l-Qisas wa’l-Diyat)

Chapter 1: AL-OASAMAH


Book 016, Number 4119:

 

Sahl b. Abu Hathma and Rafi’ b. Khadij reported that ‘Abdullah b. Sahl b. Zaid and Muhayyisa b. Mas’ud b. Zaid went out and as they reached Khaibar they were separated. Then Muhayyisa found ‘Abdullah b. Sahl having been killed. He buried him, and then came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). They were Huwayyisa b. Mas’ud and ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Sahl, and he (the latter one) was the youngest of the people (those three who had come to seek an interview with the Holy Prophet) began to talk before his Companions (had spoken). Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The eldest one (eldest in regard to age should speak). So he kept quiet, and his companions (Muhayyisa and Huwayyisa) began to speak, and he (‘Abd al Rahman) spoke along with them and they narrated to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) the murder of ‘Abdullah b. Sahl. Thereupon he said to them: Are you prepared to take fifty oaths so that you may be entitled (to blood-wit) of your companion (or your man who has murdered)? They said: How can we take an oath on a matter which we have not witnessed? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Then the Jews will exonerate themselves by fifty oaths. They said: How can we accept the oaths of people who are unbelievers? When Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saw that, he himself paid his blood-wit.


Book 016, Number 4120:

 

Sahl. b. Abu Hathma and Rafi’ b. Khadij reported that Muhayyisa b. Mas’ud and ‘Abdullah b. Sahl went towards Khaibar and they separated near the palm-trees. ‘Abdullah b. Sahl was killed. They accused the Jews (for this act). And there came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) his brother (the brother of the slain person) ‘Abd al-Rahman and his cousins Huwayyisa and Muhayyisa; and ‘Abd al-Rahman talked to him about the matter pertaining to (the murder of) his brother, and he was the youngest among them. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Show regard for the greatness of the old, or he said: Let the eldest begin speaking. Then they (Huwayyisa and Muhayyisa) spoke about the matter of their companion (murder of their cousin, ‘Abdullah b. Sahl). Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Let fifty (persons) among you take oath for levelling the charge (of murder) against a person amongst them, and he would be surrendered to you. They said: We have not witnessed this matter ourselves. How can we then take oath? He (the Holy Prophet) said: The Jews will exonerate themselves by the oaths of fifty of them. They said: Messenger of Allah, they are non-believing people. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) paid the blood wit for him. Sahl said: As one day I entered the fold a she-camel amongst those camels hit me with its leg.


Book 016, Number 4121:

 

Sahl b. Abu Hathma has narrated this hadith through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words, but no mention has been made of the hitting by the she-camel.


Book 016, Number 4122:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Sahl b. Abu Hathma through another chain of transmitters.


Book 016, Number 4123:

 

Bushair b. Yasar reported that ‘Abdullah b. Sahl b. Zaid and Muhayyisa b. Mas’ud b. Zaid, both of them were Ansar belonging to the tribe of Banu Haritha, set out to Khaibar during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). There was peace during those days and (this place) was inhabited by the Jews. They parted company for their (respective) needs. ‘Abdullab b. Sahl was killed, and his dead body was found in a tank. His companion (Muhayyisa) buried him and came to Medina, and the brothers of the slain ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Sahl. and Muhayyisa and Huwayyisa told Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) the case of ‘Abdullah and the place where he had been murdered. Bushair reported on the authority of one who had seen Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he had said to them: You take fifty oaths and you are entitled to blood-wit of (one) slain among you (or your companion). They said: Messenger of Allah, we neither saw (with our own eyes this murder) nor were we present there. Thereupon (Allah’s Messenger is reported to have said): Then the Jews will exonerate themselves by taking fifty oaths. They said: Allah’s Messenger, how can we accept the oath of unbelieving people? Bushair said that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) paid the blood-wit himself.


Book 016, Number 4124:

 

Bushair b. Yasar reported that a person from the Ansar belonging to the tribe of Banu Haritha who was called ‘Abdullah b. Sahl b. Zaid set out and the son of his uncle called Muhayyisa b. Mas’ud b. Zaid, the rest of the hadith is the same up to the words:” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) paid the blood-wit himself.” Bushair b. Yasar reported that Sahl b. Abu Hathma said: One camel amongst the camels paid as blood-wit kicked me while I was in the (camel) enclosure.


Book 016, Number 4125:

 

Bushair b. Yasar al-Ansari reported on the authority of Sahl b. Abu Hathma al-Ansari that some men (of his tribe went to Khaibar, and they were separated from one another, and they found one of them slain. The rest of the hadith is the same. And it was said in this connection: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be him) did not approve of his blood go waste. He paid blood-wit of one hundred camels of Sadaqa.


Book 016, Number 4126:

 

Abu Laila ‘Abdullah b. ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Sahl reported that the elderly persons of (the tribe) had informed Sahl b. Abu Hathma that ‘Abdullah b. Sahl and Muhayyisa went out to Khaibar under some distress which had afflicted them. Muhayyisa came and informed that Abdutlah b. Sahl had been killed, and (his dead body) had been thrown in a well or in a ditch. He came to the Jews and said: By Allah, it is you who have killed him. They said: By Allah, we have not killed him. He then came to his people, and made mention of that to them. Then came he and his brother Huwayyisa, and he was older than he, and ‘Abd al-Rahman b. Sahl. Then Muhayyisa went to speak, and it was he who had accompanied (‘Abdullah) to Khaibar, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to Muhayyisa: Observe greatness of the great (he meant the seniority of age). Then Huwayyisa spoke and then Muhayyisa also spoke. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: They should either pay blood-wit for your companion, or be prepared for war. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) wrote about it to them (to the Jews). They wrote: Verily, by Allah, we have not killed him. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to Huwayyisa and Muhayyisa and Abd al-Rahman: Are you prepared to take oath in order to entitle yourselves for the blood-wit of your companion? They said: No. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Then the Jews will take oath (of their innocence). They said: They are not Muslims. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), however, himself paid the blood-wit to them and sent to them one hundred camels until they entered into their houses, Sahl said: One red she-camel among them kicked me.


Book 016, Number 4127:

 

Sulaiman b. Yasar, the freed slave of Maimuna, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), narrated from one of the Ansari Companions of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) retained (the practice) of Qasama as it was in the pre-Islamic days.


Book 016, Number 4128:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Shihab with the same chain of transmitters but with this addition:” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) decided (according to Qasama) between the persons of Ansar (and yours) about a slain (Muslim) for which they made claim against the Jews


Book 016, Number 4129:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Salama b. ‘Abd al-Rahman and Sulaiman b. Yasar.

Chapter 2: PERTAINING TO THE COMBATANTS AND APOSTATES


Book 016, Number 4130:

 

Anas b. Malik reported that some people belonging (to the tribe) of ‘Uraina came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) at Medina, but they found its climate uncogenial. So Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to them: If you so like, you may go to the camels of Sadaqa and drink their milk and urine. They did so and were all right. They then fell upon the shepherds and killed them and turned apostates from Islam and drove off the camels of the Prophet (may peace be upon him). This news reached Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he sent (people) on their track and they were (brought) and handed over to him. He (the Holy Prophet) got their hands cut off, and their feet, and put out their eyes, and threw them on the stony ground until they died.


Book 016, Number 4131:

 

Anas reported: Eight men of the tribe of ‘Ukl came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and swore allegiance to him on Islam, but found the climate of that land uncogenial to their health and thus they became sick, and they made complaint of that to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he said: Why don’t you go to (the fold) of our camels along with our shepherd, and make use of their milk and urine. They said: Yes. They set out and drank their (camels’) milk and urine and regained their health. They killed the shepherd and drove away the camels. This (news) reached Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he sent them on their track and they were caught and brought to him (the Holy Prophet). He commanded about them, and (thus) their hands and feet were cut off and their eyes were gouged and then they were thrown in the sun, until they died.

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn al-Sabbah with a slight variation of words.


Book 016, Number 4132:

 

Anas b. Malik reported that some people of the tribe of ‘Ukl or ‘Uraina came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and they found the climate of Medina uncogenial. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded them to the milch she-camels and commanded them to drink their urine and their milk. The rest of the hadith is the same (and the concluding words are):” Their eyes were pierced, and they were thrown on the stony ground. They were asking for water, but they were not given water.”


Book 016, Number 4133:

 

Abu Qilaba reported: I was sitting behind ‘Umar b. ‘Abd al-‘Aziz and he said to the people: What do you say about al-Qasama? Thereupon ‘Anbasa said: Anas b Malik narrated to us such and such (hadith pertaining to al-Qasama). I said: This is what Anas had narrated to me: People came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), and the rest of the hadith is the same. When I (Abu Qilaba) finished (the narration of this hadith), ‘Anbasa said: Hallowed be Allah. I said: Do you blame me (for telling a lie)? He (‘Anbasa) said: No. This is how Anas b Malik narrated to us. O people of Syria, you would not be deprived of good, so long as such (a person) or one like him lives amongst you.


Book 016, Number 4134:

 

Anas b. Malik reported: There came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) eight persons from the tribe of ‘Ukl, but with this addition that he did not cauterise (the wounds which hid been inflicted upon them while punishing them).


Book 016, Number 4135:

 

Anas reported: There came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) some ponple from ‘Uraina. They embraced Islam and swore allegiance to him and there had spread at that time pleurisy. The rest of the hadith is the same (but with this addition):” There were by his (the Prophet’s) side about twenty young men of the Ansar; he sent them (behind) them (culprits), and he also sent along with them one expert in following the track so that he might trace their footprints.”


Book 016, Number 4136:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik through another chain of transmitters.


Book 016, Number 4137:

 

Anas reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) pierced their eyes because they had pierced the eyes of the shepherds.

Chapter 3: THE JUSTIFICATION OF QISAS (RETRIBUTION) WHEN ONE IS KILLED WITH STONE OR ANY OTHER HEAVY THING AND KILLING OF A MALE FOR THE MURDER OF A FEMALE


Book 016, Number 4138:

 

Anas b. Malik reported that a Jew killed a girl with a stone for her silver ornaments. She was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) when there was yet some life in her. He (the Holy Prophet) said to her: Has so and so killed you? She indicated with the nod of her head: No. He said for the second time, and she again said: No with the nod of her head. He asked for the third time, and she said: Yes with the nod of her head and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded to crush his head between two stones.


Book 016, Number 4139:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Shu’ba with the same chain of transmitters and in the hadith narrated on the authority of Ibn Idris (the words are):” He (commanded) to crush his head between two stones.”


Book 016, Number 4140:

 

Anas reported that a Jew killed a girl of the Ansar for her ornaments and then threw her in a well and smashed her head with a stone. He was caught and brought to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and he commanded that he should be stoned to death. So he was stoned until he died.


Book 016, Number 4141:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ayyub with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 016, Number 4142:

 

Anas b. Malik reported: A girl was found with her head crushed between two stones. They asked her as to who had done that-has so and so (done it) until they mentioned a Jew. She indicated with the nod of her head (that it was so). So the Jew was caught, and he made confession (of his guilt). And Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) commanded that his head be smashed with stones.

Chapter 4: WHEN ANYONE ATTACKS THE LIFE OF A PERSON, OR HIS LIMB, AND THE VICTIM WARDS OFF THE ATTACK AND IN SELFDEFENCE EITHER THE LIFE OF THE ASSAILANT IS LOST OR HIS LIMB BROKEN, THERE WOULD BE NO PENALTY ON THE VICTIM


Book 016, Number 4143:

 

Imran b. Husain reported: Ya’la b. Munya or Ibn Umayya fought with a person, and the one bit the hand of the other. And he tried to draw his hand from his mouth and thus his foreteeth ware pulled out. They referred their dispute to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), whereupon he said: Does any one of you bite as the camel bites? So there is no blood-wit for it.


Book 016, Number 4144:

 

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Ya’la.


Book 016, Number 4145:

 

‘Imran b. Husain reported that a person bit the arm of another person; he pulled it out and his foretooth fell down. This matter was taken to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), and he turned it down saying: Did you want to eat his flesh?


Book 016, Number 4146:

 

Safwan b. Ya’la reported that a person bit the arm of the servant of Ya’la b. Munya. He pulled it and his foretooth fell. The matter was referred to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he turned it down and said: Did you intend to bite his hand, as the camel bites?


Book 016, Number 4147:

 

‘Imran b. Husain reported that a person bit the hand of a person. He withdrew his hand and his foretooth or foreteeth fell down. He (the man who lost his teeth) referred the matter to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he said, What do you want me to do? Do you ask me that I should order him to put his hand in your month, and you should bite it as the camel bites? (If you want retaliation, then the only way out is) that you put your hand in his mouth (allow him) to bite that and then draw it away.


Book 016, Number 4148:

 

Safwan b. Ya’la b. Munya reported on the authority of his father that there came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) a person who had bitten the hand of another person and who had withdrawn his hand (and as a result thereof) his foreteeth had fallen (those which had bitten). The Apostle of Allah (may peace be upon him) turned down his (claim), and said: Do you wish to bite as the camel bites?


Book 016, Number 4149:

 

Safwan b. Ya’la b. Umayya thus reported from his father: I participated in the expedition to Tabuk with Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). And Ya’la used to say: That was the most weighty of my deeds, in my opinion. Safwan said that Ya’la had stated: I had a servant; he quarrelled with another person, and the one bit the hand of the other. (‘Ata’ said that Safwan had told him which one had bitten the hand of the other.) So he whose hand was bitten drew ill from (the mouth) of the one who had bitten it and (in this scuffle) one of his foreteeth was also drawn out. They both came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and he declared his (claim for the compensation of) tooth as invalid.


Book 016, Number 4150:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Juraij with the same chain of transmitters.

Chapter 5: THE VERACITY OF RFTRIBUTION IN CASE OF TOOTH


Book 016, Number 4151:

 

Anas reported that Umm Haritha, the sister of Rubayyi’ (she was the father’s sister of Hadrat Anas) injured a person (she broke his teeth). The dispute was referred to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him). Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Retribution, retribution. Umm Rubayyi’ said: Messenger of Allah, will retribution be taken from so and so? By Allah, it shall not be taken from her (i. e. from Umm Haritha). Thereupon Allah’s Apostle said: Hallowed be Allah. O Umm Rubayyi’, Qisas (retribution is a command, prescribed) in the Book of Allah. She said: No, by Allah, Qisas will never be taken from her; and she went on saying this until they (the relatives of the one who had been injured) accepted the blood-wit. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Verily there are amongst the servants of Allah (such pious persons) who, if they take oath of Allah, He honours it.

Chapter 6: WHEN IT IS PERMISSIBLE TO TAKE THE LIFE OF A MUSLIM


Book 016, Number 4152:

 

‘Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: It is not permissible to take the life of a Muslim who bears testimony (to the fact that there is no god but Allah, and I am the Messenger of Allah, but in one of the three cases: the married adulterer, a life for life, and the deserter of his Din (Islam), abandoning the community.


Book 016, Number 4153:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash.


Book 016, Number 4154:

 

‘Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) stood up and said: By Him besides Whom there is no god but He, the blood of a Muslim who bears the testimony that there is no god but Allah, and I am His Messenger, may be lawfully shed only in case of three persons: the one who abandons Islam, and deserts the community [Ahmad, one of the narrators, is doubtful whether the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) used the word li’l-jama’ah or al-jama’ah), and the married adulterer, and life for life.


Book 016, Number 4155:

 

This hadith has been reported on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of narrators but with a slight variation of words, i. e. he did not say: By Him besides Whom there is no god.

Chapter 7: HE WHO SHEDS THE BLOOD FIRST OF ALL BEARS THE BURDEN OF ALL SUBSEQUENT MURDERS


Book 016, Number 4156:

 

‘Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) having said: No person who is killed unjustly, but the share of (this offence of his also) falls upon the first son of Adam, for he was the first to introduce killing.


Book 016, Number 4157:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jarir and ‘Isa b. Yunus with a slight variation of words.

Chapter 8: THE (CASES OF) BLOODSHED WOULD BE DECIDED FIRST OF ALL ON THE DAY OF JUDGMENT


Book 016, Number 4158:

 

‘Abdullah b. (Mas’ud) reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The first (thing) that will be decided among people on the Day of Judgment will pertain to bloodshed.


Book 016, Number 4159:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah through another chain of transmitters with a slight variation of words.


Book 016, Number 4160:

 

Abu Bakra reported that (in the Farewell Address) Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Time has completed a cycle and come to the state of the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year is constituted of twelve months, of which four are sacred; three of them consecutive, viz. Dhu’l-Qa’da, Dhu’l- Hijja and Muharram, and also Rajab the month of Mudar which comes between Jumada and Sha’ban. He (the Holy Prophet) then said: which month is this? We said Allah and His Messenger know best. He (the narrator) said: He (the Holy Prophet) remained silent for some time until we thought that he would give it a name other than that (by which it was known). He said: Is it not Dha’l-Hijja? We said: Yes. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Which city is this? We said: Allah and His Messenger know best. He (the Holy Prophety remained silent until we thought that he would give it another name. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Is it not the Balda (the city of Mecca)? We said: Yes. He said: What day is this? We said: Allah and His Messenger know best. He (the Holy Prophet) remained silent until we thought that he would give it another name. He said: Is it not the Day of Sacrifice? We said: Allah’s Messenger. yes. Thereupon he said: Your blood, your property (Muhammad, one of the narrators, said: I think, he also said this) and your honour are sacred to you like the sacredness of this day of yours, in this city of yours, and in this month of yours. You will soon meet your Lord and He will ask you about your deeds. So do not turn after me unbelievers (or misguided), some of you striking the necks of the others. Behold I let him who is present convey to him who is absent, for many a one whom a message is conveyed has a more retentive memory than one who hears. He again said: Behold! have I not delivered (the message) to you? This hadith has been narrated through another chain of transmitters, but with a slight variation of words.


Book 016, Number 4161:

 

Abu Bakra reported that when it was that day (the 10th of Dhu’l-Hijja) he mounted his camel and a person caught its nosestring, whereupon he said: Do you know which day is this? They said: Allah and His Messenger know best. (The Holy Prophet [may peace be upon him] kept silent) until we thought that he would give that another name. He said: Is it not the day of Nahr (Sacrifice) (10th of Dhu’l- Hijja)? We said: Allah’s Messenger, yes. He (again) said: Which month is it? We said: Allah and His Messenger knows best. He said: Is it not Dhu’l-Hijja? We said: Allah’s Messenger, yes. He said: Which city is this? We said: Allah and His Messenger know best. He (the narrator) said (that the Holy Prophet kept silent until we thought that he would give it another name besides its (original) name. He said: Is it not Balda (the city of Mecca)? We said: Yes, Allah’s Messenger. He (then) said: Verily your blood (lives) and your property and your honour are as sacred unto you as sacred is this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours. Let him who is present convey it to one who is absent. He then turned his attention towards two multicoloured (black and white) rams and slaughtered them, and two goats, and distributed them amongst us.


Book 016, Number 4162:

 

Abu Bakra reported that when it was the day of (Dhu’l-Hijja) Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) mounted the camel and addressed and a person had been holding its nosestring. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 016, Number 4163:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Bakra through another chain of transmitters (and the words are):” Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) addressed us on the day of Nahr (Sacrifice) and said: What day is this? And the rest of the hadith is the same except that he did not make mention of” your honour,” and also did not make mention of this: He then turned his attention towards two rams and what follows, and in a hadith (the words pertaining to sacred- ness are recorded in this way):” Like the sacredness of this day of yours, in this month of yours, in this city of yours to the day when you will meet your Lord. Behold, have I not conveyed (the Message of God)? They said: Yes. He said: O Allah, bear witness.”

Chapter 9: THE CONFESSION OF MURDER IS HELD VALID AND THE PERSON WHOSE MAN IS KILLED IS ENTITLED TO GET RETRIBUTION. THE OFFENDER HAS A RIGHT TO BEG FOR REMISSION


Book 016, Number 4164:

 

‘Alqama b. Wa’il reported on the authority of his-father: While I was sitting in the company of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), a person came there dragging another one with the help of a strap and said: Allah’s Messenger, this man has killed my brother. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said to him: Did you kill him? And the other man said: (In case he did not make a confession of this, I shall brine, a witness against him). He (the murderer) said: Yes, I have killed him. He (the Holy Prophet) said: Why did you kill him? He said: I and he won striking down the leaves of a tree and he abused me and enraged me, and to I struck his head with an axe and killed him, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Have you anything with you to pay blood-wit on your behalf? He said: I do not possess any property but this robe of mine and this axe of mine. He (the Holy, Prophet) said: Do you think your people will pay ransom for you? He said: I am more insignificant among my people than this (that I would not be able to get this benefit from my tribe). He (the Holy Prophet) threw the strap towards him (the claimant of the blood-wit) saying: Take away your man. The man took him away, and as he returned, Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: If he kills him, he will be like him. He returned and said: Allah’s Messenger, it has reached me that you have said that” If he killed him, he would be like him.” I caught hold of him according to your command, whereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Don’t you like that he should take upon him (the burden) of your sin and the sin of your companion (your brother)? He said: Allah’s Apostle, why not? The Messenger of Allah (may peace be. upon him) said: If it is so, then let it be. He threw away the strap (around the offender) and set him free.


Book 016, Number 4165:

 

‘Alaqama b. Wa’il reported on the authority of his father that a person was brought to the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him) who had killed another person, and the heir of the person slain had dragged him (to the Holy Prophet) with a strap around his neck. As he turned away Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The killer and the killed are (doomed) to fire. A person came to the other person (the heir of the deceased) and he reported to him the words of the Messenger of Allah (may peace be upon him), and so he let him off. Isma’il b. Salim said: I made a mention of it to Habib b. Abu Thabit and he said: Ibn Ashwa’ reported to me that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) had asked him to pardon him, but he refused.

Chapter 10: BLOOD-WIT OF THE CHILD IN THE WOMB, AND THE ESSENTIALITY OF BLOOD-WIT IN CASE OF UNINTENTIONAL MURDER AND IN CASE OF THE QUASI-INTENTIONAL MURDER


Book 016, Number 4166:

 

Abu Huraira reported that among two women of the tribe of Hudhail one flung a stone upon the other causing an abortion to her Allah’s Apostle (may peace he upon him) gave judgment that a male or a female slave of best quality be given as compensation.


Book 016, Number 4167:

 

Abu Huraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave judgment in case of the abortion of a woman of Banu Lihyan (that the offender and near relative should give compensation in the form of) good quality of a slave or a slave-girl. And the woman about whom the judgment was given for compensation died and thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave judgment that her inheritance goes to her sons and her husband, and the payment of the blood-wit lies with the family of (one who struck her).


Book 016, Number 4168:

 

Abu Huraira reported that two women of the tribe of Hudhail fought with each other and one of them flung a stone at the other, killing her and what was in her womb. The case was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and he gave judgment that the diyat (indemnity) of her unborn child is a male or a female slave of the best quality, and he also decided that the diyat of the woman is to be paid by her relative on the father’s side, and he (the Holy Prophet) made her sons and those who were with them her heirs. Hamal b. al-Nabigha al-Hudhali said: Messenger of Allah, why should I play blood-wit for one who neither drank, nor ate, nor spoke, nor made any noise; it is like a nonentity (it is, therefore, not justifiable to demand blood-wit for it). Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He seems to be one of the brothers of soothsavers on account of the rhymed speech which he has composed.


Book 016, Number 4169:

 

Abu Huraira reported that two women fought-the rest of the hadith is the same but herein no mention has been made of: He made her son and those who were with them her heirs. Someone said: Why should we pay blood-wit? And he did not name Hamal b. Malik.


Book 016, Number 4170:

 

Al-Mughira b. Shu’ba reported that a woman struck her co-wife with a tent-pole and she was pregnant and she killed her. One of them belonged to the tribe of Lihyan. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) made the relatives of the murderer responsible for the payment of blood-wit on her behalf, and fixed a slave or a female slave as the indemnity for what was in her womb. One of the persons amongst the relatives of the murderer said: Should we pay indemnity for one who, neither ate, nor drank, nor made any noise, who was just like a nonentity? Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) remarked: He speaks rhymed phrases like the people of the desert. He did impose indemnity upon them.


Book 016, Number 4171:

 

Al-Mughira b. Shu’ba reported: A woman killed her fellow-wife with a tent-pole. Her case was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him), and he gave judgment that blood-wit should be paid by the relatives (of the offender) on the father’s side. And as she was pregnant, he decided regarding her unborn child that a male or a female slave of good quality be given. Some of her offender’s) relatives said: Should we make compensation for one who never ate, nor drank, nor made any noise, who was like a nonentity? Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: He was talking rhymed phrases like the rhymed phrases of desert Arabs.


Book 016, Number 4172:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 016, Number 4173:

 

Mansur transmitted this hadith with a slight variation of words.


Book 016, Number 4174:

 

Miswar b. Makhrama reported that ‘Umar b. Khattab consulted people about the diyat of abortion of an unboam child. Mughira b. Shu’ba said: I bear witness to the fact that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) gave judgment about it that a good quality of slave or female slave should be given for it. Thereupon ‘Umar said: Bring one who may bear witness to you. Then Muhammad b. Maslama bore witness to him.


 

[ Index Page ]

Sahih Muslim : Book 14: The Book of Vows (Kitab Al-Nadhr)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 14:

The Book of Vows (Kitab Al-Nadhr)

Chapter 1:



Book 014, Number 4017:

 

Ibn Abbas reported that Sa’d b. Ubida asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) for a decision about a vow taken by his mother who had died before fulfilling it. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Fulfil it on her behalf.



Book 014, Number 4018:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with a different chains of transmitters.



Book 014, Number 4019:

 

‘Abdullah b. Umar reported: Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) singled out one day forbidding us to take vows and said: It would not avert anything; it is by which something is extracted from the miserly person.



Book 014, Number 4020:

 

Ibn Umar reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The vow neither hastens anything nor defers anything, but is the means whereby (something) is extracted from the miserly person.



Book 014, Number 4021:

 

Ibn Umar reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) forbade (people) taking vows, and said: It does not (necessarily) bring good (in the form of substantial, and tangible results), but it is the meant whereby something is extracted from the miserly persons.



Book 014, Number 4022:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of transmitters.



Book 014, Number 4023:

 

Abu Heraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Do not take vows, for a vow has no effect against Fate; it is only from the miserly that something is extracted.



Book 014, Number 4024:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) forbidding taking of vows, and said: It does not avert Fate, but is the means by which something is extracted from the miser.



Book 014, Number 4025:

 

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: The vow does not bring anything near to the son of Adam which Allah has not ordained for him, but (at times) the vow coincides with Destiny, and this is how something is extracted from the miserly person, which that miser was not willing to give.



Book 014, Number 4026:

 

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of ‘Amr b. Abu ‘Amr.

Chapter 2: THE VOW IS NOT TO BE FULFILLED WHICH IS MADE IN DISOBEDIENCE TO ALLAH, NOR THAT OVER WHICH A MAN HAS NO CONTROL



Book 014, Number 4027:

 

Imran b. Husain reported that the tribe of Thaqif was the ally of Banu ‘Uqail. Thaqif took two persons from amongst the Companiobs of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as prisoners. The Campanions of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took one person at Banu Uqail as prisoner, and captured al-‘Adbi (the she-camel of the Holy Prophet) along with him. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came to him and he was tied with ropes. He said: Muhammad. He came near him and said: What is the matter with you? Thereupon he (the prisoner) said: Why have you taken me as prisoner and why have you caught hold of one proceeding the pilgrims (the she-camel as she carried the Holy Prophet on her back and walked ahead of the multitude)? He (the Holy Prophet) said: (Yours is a great fault). I (my men) have caught hold of you for the crime of your allies, Banu Thaqif. He (the Holy Prophet) then turned away. He again called him and said: Muhammad, Muhammad, and since Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) was very compassionate, and tenderhearted, he returned to him, and said: What is the matter with you? He said: I am a Muslim, whereupon he (the Holy Prophet) said: Had you said this when you had been the master of yourself, you would have gained every success. He then turned away. He (the prisoner) called him again saying: Muhammad, Muhammad. He came to him and said: What is the matter with you? He said: I am hungry, feed me, and I am thirsty, so provide me with drink. He (the Holy Prophet) said: That is (to satisfy) your want. He was then ransomed for two persons (who had been taken prisoner by Thaqif). He (the narrator) said: A woman of the Ansar had been taken prisoner and also al-Adbi’ was caught. The woman had been tied with ropes. The people were giving rest to their animals before their houses. She escaped one night from the bondage and came to the camels. As she drew near the camels, they fretted and fumed and so she left them until she came to al-, Adbi’. It did not fret and fume; it was docile She rode upon its back and drove it away and she went off. When they (the enemies of Islam) were warned of this, they went in search of it, but it (the she-camel) exhausted them. She (the woman) took vow for Allah, that in case He would save her through it, she would offer that as a sacrifice. As she reached Medina, the people saw her and they said: Here is al-Adbi, the she-camel of Allah’s Messanger (may peace be upon him). She (the woman) said that she had taken a vow that if Allah would save her on its back, she would sacrifice it. They (the Prophet’s Companions) came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) and made a mention of that to him, whereupon he said: Hallowed be Allah, how ill she rewarded it that she took vow to Allah that if He saves her on its back, she would sacrifice it! There is no fulfilment of the vow in an act of disobedience, nor in an act over which a person has no control. In the version of Ibn Hujr (the words are):” There is no vow in disobedience to Allah.”



Book 014, Number 4028:

 

This hadith is narrated on the authority of Ayyub with the same chain of transmitters and a slight variation of words.

Chapter 3: HE WHO TOOK THE VOW THAT HE WOULD GO ON FOOT TO THE KA’BA



Book 014, Number 4029:

 

Anas reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) saw an old man being supported between his two sons. He (the Holy Prophet) said: What is the matter with him? They said: He had taken the vow to walk (on foot to the Ka’ba). Thereupon he (Allah’s Apoitle) said: Allah is indifferent to his inflicting upon himself chastisement, and he commanded him to ride.



Book 014, Number 4030:

 

Abu Huraira reported: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) found an old man walking between his two sons supported by them, whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: What is the matter with him? He (the narrator) said: Allah’s Messenger, they are his sons and there is upon him the (fulfilment) of the vow, whereupon Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) said: Ride, old man, for Allah is not in need of you and your vow.



Book 014, Number 4031:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Amr b. Abu ‘Amr with the same chain of transmitters.



Book 014, Number 4032:

 

‘Uqba b. Amir reported: My sister took a vow that she would walk bare foot to the house of Allah (Ka’ba). She asked me to inquire from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about it. I sought his decision and he said: She should walk on foot and ride also.



Book 014, Number 4033:

 

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Uqba b. Amir Juhani. but in this no mention has been made of” barefoot”.



Book 014, Number 4034:

 

‘Uqba. b. Amir reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The expiation of the (breach of) a vow is the same as that of the (breach of an oath).



 

[ Index Page ]

Sahih Bukhari : Book 79: Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 79:

Expiation for Unfulfilled Oaths

Volume 8, Book 79, Number 699:

Narrated Ka’b bin ‘Ujra:

I came to the Prophet and he said to me, “Come near.” So I went near to him and he said, “Are your lice troubling you?” I replied, “Yes.” He said, “(Shave your head and) make expiation in the form of fasting, Sadaqa (giving in charity), or offering a sacrifice.” (The sub-narrator) Aiyub said, “Fasting should be for three days, and the Nusuk (sacrifice) is to be a sheep, and the Sadaqa is to be given to six poor persons.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 700:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

A man came to the Prophet and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said, “What is the matter with you?” He said, “I had sexual relation with my wife (while I was fasting) in Ramadan.” The Prophet said, “Have you got enough to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” The man said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” The man said, “No.” Then the Prophet said to him, “Sit down,” and he sat down. Afterwards an ‘Irq, i.e., a big basket containing dates was brought to the Prophet and the Prophet said to him, “Take this and give it in charity.” The man said, “To poorer people than we?” On that, the Prophet smiled till his premolar teeth became visible, and then told him, “Feed your family with it.” (See Hadith No. 157, Vol 3)


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 701:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

A man came to Allah’s Apostle and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said to him, “What is the matter?” He said, “I have done a sexual relation with my wife (while fasting) in Ramadan.” The Prophet said to him?” “Can you afford to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He said, “No.” Then an Ansari man came with an Irq (a big basket full of dates). The Prophet said (to the man), “Take this (basket) and give it in charity.” That man said, “To poorer people than we, O Allah’s Apostle? By Him Who has sent you with the Truth! There is no house in between the two mountains (of the city of Medina) poorer than we.” So the Prophet said (to him), “Go and feed it to your family.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 702:

Narrated Abu Huraira :

A man came to the Prophets and said, “I am ruined!” The Prophet said, “What is the matter with you?” He said, “I have done a sexual relation with my wife (while fasting) in Ramadan” The Prophet said to him, “Can you afford to manumit a slave?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you fast for two successive months?” He said, “No.” The Prophet said, “Can you feed sixty poor persons?” He said, “I have nothing.” Later on an Irq (big basket) containing dates was given to the Prophet, and the Prophet said (to him), “Take this basket and give it in charity.” The man said, “To poorer people than we? Indeed, there is nobody between its (i.e., Medina’s) two mountains who is poorer than we.” The Prophet then said, “Take it and feed your family with it.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 703:

Narrated Al-Ju’aid bin Abdur-Rahman:

As-Sa’ib bin Yazid said, “The Sa’ at the time of the Prophet was equal to one Mudd plus one-third of a Mudd of your time, and then it was increased in the time of Caliph ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul Aziz.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 704:

Narrated Nafi:

Ibn Umar used to give the Zakat of Ramadan (Zakat-al-Fitr) according to the Mudd of the Prophet, the first Mudd, and he also used to give things for expiation for oaths according to the Mudd of the Prophet. Abu Qutaiba said, “Malik said to us, ‘Our Mudd (i.e., of Medina) is better than yours and we do not see any superiority except in the Mudd of the Prophet!’ Malik further said, to me, ‘If a ruler came to you and fixed a Mudd smaller than the one of the Prophet, by what Mudd would you measure what you give (for expiation or Zakat-al-Fitr?’ I replied, ‘We would give it according to the Mudd of the Prophet’ On that, Malik said, ‘Then, don’t you see that we have to revert to the Mudd of the Prophet ultimately?'”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 705:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle said, “O Allah! Bestow Your Blessings on their measures, Sa’ and Mudd (i.e., of the people of Medina) “


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 706:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “If somebody manumits a Muslim slave, Allah will save from the Fire every part of his body for freeing the corresponding parts of the slave’s body, even his private parts will be saved from the Fire) because of freeing the slave’s private parts.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 707:

Narrated ‘Amr:

Jabir said: An Ansari man made his slave a Mudabbar and he had no other property than him. When the Prophet heard of that, he said (to his companions), “Who wants to buy him (i.e., the slave) for me?” Nu’aim bin An-Nahham bought him for eight hundred Dirhams. I heard Jabir saying, “That was a coptic slave who died in the same year.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 708:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

that she intended to buy Barira (a slave girl) and her masters stipulated that they would have her Wala’. When ‘Aisha mentioned that to the Prophet ; he said, “Buy her, for the Wala’ is for the one who manumits.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 709:

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari:

I went to Allah’s Apostle along with a group of people from (the tribe of) Al-Ash’ari, asking for mounts. The Prophet said, “By Allah, I will not give you anything to ride, and I have nothing to mount you on.” We stayed there as long as Allah wished, and after that, some camels were brought to the Prophet and he ordered that we be given three camels. When we set out, some of us said to others, “Allah will not bless us, as we all went to Allah’s Apostle asking him for mounts, and although he had sworn that he would not give us mounts, he did give us.” So we returned to the Prophet; and mentioned that to him. He said, “I have not provided you with mounts, but Allah has. By Allah, Allah willing, if I ever take an oath, and then see that another is better than the first, I make expiration for my (dissolved) oath, and do what is better and make expiration.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 710:

Narrated Hammad:

the same narration above (i.e. 709), “I make expiation for my dissolved oath, and I do what is better, or do what is better and make expiation.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 711:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

(The Prophet) Solomon said, “Tonight I will sleep with (my) ninety wives, each of whom will get a male child who will fight for Allah’s Cause.” On that, his companion (Sufyan said that his companion was an angel) said to him, “Say, “If Allah will (Allah willing).” But Solomon forgot (to say it). He slept with all his wives, but none of the women gave birth to a child, except one who gave birth to a halfboy. Abu Huraira added: The Prophet said, “If Solomon had said, “If Allah will” (Allah willing), he would not have been unsuccessful in his action, and would have attained what he had desired.” Once Abu Huraira added: Allah apostle said, “If he had accepted.”


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 712:

Narrated Zahdam al-Jarmi:

We were sitting with Abu Musa Al-Ash’sari, and as there were ties of friendship and mutual favors between us and his tribe. His meal was presented before him and there was chicken meat in it. Among those who were present there was a man from Bani Taimillah having a red complexion as a non-Arab freed slave, and that man did not approach the meal. Abu Musa said to him, “Come along! I have seen Allah’s Apostle eating of that (i.e., chicken).” The man said, “I have seen it (chickens) eating something I regarded as dirty, and so I have taken an oath that I shall not eat (its meat) chicken.” Abu Musa said, “Come along! I will inform you about it (i.e., your oath).

Once we went to Allah’s Apostle in company with a group of Ash’airiyin, asking him for mounts while he was distributing some camels from the camels of Zakat. (Aiyub said, “I think he said that the Prophet was in an angry mood at the time.”) The Prophet said, ‘By Allah! I will not give you mounts, and I have nothing to mount you on.’ After we had left, some camels of booty were brought to Allah’s Apostle and he said, “Where are those Ash’ariyin? Where are those Ash’ariyin?” So we went (to him) and he gave us five very fat good-looking camels. We mounted them and went away, and then I said to my companions, ‘We went to Allah’s Apostle to give us mounts, but he took an oath that he would not give us mounts, and then later on he sent for us and gave us mounts, perhaps Allah’s Apostle forgot his oath. By Allah, we will never be successful, for we have taken advantage of the fact that Allah’s Apostle forgot to fulfill his oath. So let us return to Allah’s Apostle to remind him of his oath.’ We returned and said, ‘O Allah’s Apostle! We came to you and asked you for mounts, but you took an oath that you would not give us mounts) but later on you gave us mounts, and we thought or considered that you have forgotten your oath.’ The Prophet said, ‘Depart, for Allah has given you Mounts. By Allah, Allah willing, if I take an oath and then later find another thing better than that, I do what is better, and make expiation for the oath.’ “


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 713:

Narrated Zahdam:

the same narration as above (i.e. No. 712).


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 714:

Narrated Zahdam:

the same narration as above (i.e. No. 712).


Volume 8, Book 79, Number 715:

Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samura:

Allah’s Apostle said, “(O ‘Abdur-Rahman!) Do not seek to be a ruler, for, if you are given the authority of ruling without your asking for it, then Allah will help you; but if you are given it by your asking, then you will be held responsible for it (i.e. Allah will not help you ) . And if you take an oath to do something and later on find another thing, better than that, then do what is better and make expiation for (the dissolution of) your oath.”


Sahih Bukhari : Book 78: Oaths and Vows

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 78:

Oaths and Vows

Volume 8, Book 78, Number 618:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Abu Bakr As-Siddiq had never broken his oaths till Allah revealed the expiation for the oaths. Then he said, “If I take an oath to do something and later on I find something else better than the first one, then I do what is better and make expiation for my oath.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 619:

Narrated ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samura:

The Prophet said, “O ‘Abdur-Rahman bin Samura! Do not seek to be a ruler, because if you are given authority for it, then you will be held responsible for it, but if you are given it without asking for it, then you will be helped in it (by Allah): and whenever you take an oath to do something and later you find that something else is better than the first, then do the better one and make expiation for your oath.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 620:

Narrated Abu Musa:

I went to the Prophet along with a group of Al-Ash’ariyin in order to request him to provide us with mounts. He said, “By Allah, I will not provide you with mounts and I haven’t got anything to mount you on.” Then we stayed there as long as Allah wished us to stay, and then three very nice looking she-camels were brought to him and he made us ride them. When we left, we, or some of us, said, “By Allah, we will not be blessed, as we came to the Prophet asking him for mounts, and he swore that he would not give us any mounts but then he did give us. So let us go back to the Prophet and remind him (of his oath).” When we returned to him (and reminded him of the fact), he said, “I did not give you mounts, but it is Allah Who gave you. By Allah, Allah willing, if I ever take an oath to do something and then I find something else than the first, I will make expiation for my oath and do the thing which is better (or do something which is better and give the expiation for my oath).”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 621:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “We (Muslims) are the last in the world, but will be foremost on the Day of Resurrection.” Allah’s Apostle also said, “By Allah, if anyone of you insists on fulfilling an oath by which he may harm his family, he commits a greater sin in Allah’s sight than that of dissolving his oath and making expiation for it.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 622:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Anyone who takes an oath through which his family may be harmed, and insists on keeping it, he surely commits a sin greater (than that of dissolving his oath). He should rather compensate for that oath by making expiation.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 623:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle sent an army detachment and made Usama bin Zaid its commander. Some people criticized (spoke badly of) Usama’s leadership. So Allah’s Apostle got up saying, “If you people are criticizing Usama’s leadership, you have already criticized the leadership of his father before. But Wa-aimullah (i.e., By Allah), he (i.e. Zaid) deserved the leadership, and he was one of the most beloved persons to me; and now this (his son Usama) is one of the dearest persons to me after him.” (See Hadith No. 745, Vol. 5)


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 624:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

The oath of the Prophet used to be: “No, by Him who turns the hearts.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 625:

Narrated Jabir bin Samura:

The Prophet said, “If Caesar is ruined, there will be no Caesar after him; and if Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau, after him; and, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, surely you will spend their treasures in Allah’s Cause.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 626:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If Khosrau is ruined, there will be no Khosrau after him; and if Caesar is ruined, there will be no Caesar after him. By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, surely you will spend their treasures in Allah’s Cause.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 627:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “O followers of Muhammad! By Allah, if you knew what I know, you would weep much and laugh little.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 628:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Hisham:

We were with the Prophet and he was holding the hand of ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab. ‘Umar said to Him, “O Allah’s Apostle! You are dearer to me than everything except my own self.” The Prophet said, “No, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, (you will not have complete faith) till I am dearer to you than your own self.” Then ‘Umar said to him, “However, now, by Allah, you are dearer to me than my own self.” The Prophet said, “Now, O ‘Umar, (now you are a believer).”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 629:

Narrated Abu Huraira and Zaid bin Khalid:

Two men had a dispute in the presence of Allah’s Apostle. One of them said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Judge between us according to Allah’s Laws.” The other who was wiser, said, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle! Judge between us according to Allah’s Laws and allow me to speak. The Prophet said, “Speak.” He said, “My son was a laborer serving this (person) and he committed illegal sexual intercourse with his wife, The people said that my son is to be stoned to death, but I ransomed him with one-hundred sheep and a slave girl. Then I asked the learned people, who informed me that my son should receive one hundred lashes and will be exiled for one year, and stoning will be the lot for the man’s wife.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Indeed, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I will judge between you according to Allah’s Laws: As for your sheep and slave girl, they are to be returned to you.” Then he scourged his son one hundred lashes and exiled him for one year. Then Unais Al-Aslami was ordered to go to the wife of the second man, and if she confessed (the crime), then stone her to death. She did confess, so he stoned her to death.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 630:

Narrated Abu Bakra:

The Prophet said, “Do you think if the tribes of Aslam, Ghifar, Muzaina and Juhaina are better than the tribes of Tamim, ‘Amir bin Sa’sa’a, Ghatfan and Asad, they (the second group) are despairing and losing?” They (the Prophet’s companions) said, “Yes, (they are).” He said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, they (the first group) are better than them (the second group).”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 631:

Narrated Abu Humaid As-Sa’idi:

Allah’s Apostle employed an employee (to collect Zakat). The employee returned after completing his job and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! This (amount of Zakat) is for you, and this (other amount) was given to me as a present.” The Prophet said to him, “Why didn’t you stay at your father’s or mother’s house and see if you would be given presents or not?” Then Allah’s Apostle got up in the evening after the prayer, and having testified that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah and praised and glorified Allah as He deserved, he said, “Now then ! What about an employee whom we employ and then he comes and says, ‘This amount (of Zakat) is for you, and this (amount) was given to me as a present’? Why didn’t he stay at the house of his father and mother to see if he would be given presents or not? By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, none of you will steal anything of it (i.e. Zakat) but will bring it by carrying it over his neck on the Day of Resurrection. If it has been a camel, he will bring it (over his neck) while it will be grunting, and if it has been a cow, he will bring it (over his neck), while it will be mooing; and if it has been a sheep, he will bring it (over his neck) while it will be bleeding.” The Prophet added, “I have preached you (Allah’s Message).” Abu Humaid said, “Then Allah’s Apostle raised his hands so high that we saw the whiteness of his armpits.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 632:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Abu-l-Qasim (the Prophet) said, “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, if you know that which I know, you would weep much and laugh little.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 633:

Narrated Abu Dhar:

I reached him (the Prophet ) while in the shade of the Ka’ba; he was saying, “They are the losers, by the Lord of the Ka’ba! They are the losers, by the Lord of the Ka’ba!” I said (to myself ), “What is wrong with me? Is anything improper detected in me? What is wrong with me? Then I sat beside him and he kept on saying his statement. I could not remain quiet, and Allah knows in what sorrowful state I was at that time. So I said, ‘ Who are they (the losers)? Let My father and mother be sacrificed for you, O Allah’s Apostle!” He said, “They are the wealthy people, except the one who does like this and like this and like this (i.e., spends of his wealth in Allah’s Cause).”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 634:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “(The Prophet) Solomon once said, ‘Tonight I will sleep with ninety women, each of whom will bring forth a (would-be) cavalier who will fight in Allah’s Cause.” On this, his companion said to him, “Say: Allah willing!” But he did not say Allah willing. Solomon then slept with all the women, but none of them became pregnant but one woman who later delivered a half-man. By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, if he (Solomon) had said, ‘Allah willing’ (all his wives would have brought forth boys) and they would have fought in Allah’s Cause as cavaliers. “


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 635:

Narrated Al-Bara ‘bin ‘Azib:

A piece of silken cloth was given to the Prophet as a present and the people handed it over amongst themselves and were astonished at its beauty and softness. Allah’s Apostle said, “Are you astonished at it?” They said, “Yes, O Allah’s Apostle!” He said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, the handkerchiefs of Sa’d in Paradise are better than it.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 636:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Hind bint ‘Utba bin Rabi ‘a said, “O Allah ‘s Apostle! (Before I embraced Islam), there was no family on the surface of the earth, I wish to have degraded more than I did your family. But today there is no family whom I wish to have honored more than I did yours.” Allah’s Apostle said, “I thought similarly, by Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is!” Hind said, “O Allah’s Apostle! (My husband) Abu Sufyan is a miser. Is it sinful of me to feed my children from his property?” The Prophet said, “No, unless you take it for your needs what is just and reasonable.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 637:

Narrated Abdullah bin Masud:

While Allah’s Apostle was sitting, reclining his back against a Yemenite leather tent he said to his companions, “Will you be pleased to be one-fourth of the people of Paradise?” They said, ‘Yes.’ He said “Won’t you be pleased to be one-third of the people of Paradise” They said, “Yes.” He said, “By Him in Whose Hand Muhammad’s soul is, I hope that you will be one-half of the people of Paradise.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 638:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:

A man heard another man reciting: Surat-ul-Ikhlas (The Unity) ‘Say: He is Allah, the One (112) and he was repeating it. The next morning he came to Allah’s Apostle and mentioned the whole story to him as if he regarded the recitation of that Sura as insufficient On that, Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is! That (Sura No. 112) equals one-third of the Qur’an.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 639:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

I heard the Prophet saying, “Perform the bowing and the prostration properly (with peace of mind), for, by Him in Whose Hand my soul is, I see you from behind my back when you bow and when you prostrate.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 640:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

An Ansari woman came to the Prophet in the company of her children, and the Prophet said to her, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, you are the most beloved people to me!” And he repeated the statement thrice.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 641:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle met ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab while the latter was going with a group of camel-riders, and he was swearing by his father. The Prophet said, “Lo! Allah forbids you to swear by your fathers, so whoever has to take an oath, he should swear by Allah or keep quiet.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 642:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 643:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Do not swear by your fathers.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 644:

Narrated Zahdam:

There was a relation of love and brotherhood between this tribe of Jarm and Al-Ash’ariyin. Once we were with Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari, and then a meal containing chicken was brought to Abu Musa, and there was present, a man from the tribe of Taimillah who was of red complexion as if he were from non-Arab freed slaves. Abu Musa invited him to the meal. He said, “I have seen chickens eating dirty things, so I deemed it filthy and took an oath that I would never eat chicken.” On that, Abu Musa said, “Get up, I will narrate to you about that. Once a group of the Ash’ariyin and I went to Allah’s Apostle and asked him to provide us with mounts; he said, ‘By Allah, I will never give you any mounts nor do I have anything to mount you on.’ Then a few camels of war booty were brought to Allah’s Apostle , and he asked about us, saying, ‘Where are the Ash-‘ariyin?’ He then ordered five nice camels to be given to us, and when we had departed, we said, ‘What have we done? Allah’s Apostle had taken the oath not to give us any mounts, and that he had nothing to mount us on, and later he gave us that we might ride? Did we take advantage of the fact that Allah’s Apostle had forgotten his oath? By Allah, we will never succeed.’ So we went back to him and said to him, ‘We came to you to give us mounts, and you took an oath that you would not give us any mounts and that you had nothing to mount us on.’ On that he said, ‘I did not provide you with mounts, but Allah did. By Allah, if I take an oath to do something, and then find something else better than it, I do that which is better and make expiation for the dissolution of the oath.’ “


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 645:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Whoever swears saying in his oath. ‘By Al-Lat and Al’Uzza,’ should say, ‘None has the right to be worshipped but Allah; and whoever says to his friend, ‘Come, let me gamble with you,’ should give something in charity.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 646:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle had a gold ring made for himself, and he used to wear it with the stone towards the inner part of his hand. Consequently, the people had similar rings made for themselves. Afterwards the Prophet; sat on the pulpit and took it off, saying, “I used to wear this ring and keep its stone towards the palm of my hand.” He then threw it away and said, “By Allah, I will never wear it.” Therefore all the people threw away their rings as well.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 647:

Narrated Thabit bin Ad-Dahhak:

The Prophet said, “Whoever swears by a religion other than Islam, is, as he says; and whoever commits suicide with something, will be punished with the same thing in the (Hell) Fire; and cursing a believer is like murdering him; and whoever accuses a believer of disbelief, then it is as if he had killed him.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 648:

Narrated Al-Bara:

The Prophet ordered us to help others to fulfill the oaths.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 649:

Narrated Usama:

Once a daughter of Allah’s Apostle sent a message to Allah’s Apostle while Usama, Sa’d, and my father or Ubai were (sitting there) with him. She said, (in the message); My child is going to die; please come to us.” Allah’s Apostle returned the messenger and told him to convey his greetings to her, and say, “Whatever Allah takes, is for Him and whatever He gives is for Him, and everything with Him has a limited fixed term (in this world): so she should be patient and hope for Allah’s reward.” Then she again sent for him swearing that he should come; so The Prophet got up, and so did we. When he sat there (at the house of his daughter), the child was brought to him, and he took him into his lap while the child’s breath was disturbed in his chest. The eyes of Allah’s Apostle started shedding tears. Sa’d said, “What is this, O Allah’s Apostle?” The Prophet said, “This is the mercy which Allah has lodged in the hearts of whoever He wants of His slaves, and verily Allah is merciful only to those of His slaves who are merciful (to others).’


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 650:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Any Muslim who has lost three of his children will not be touched by the Fire except that which will render Allah’s oath fulfilled.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 651:

Narrated Haritha bin Wahb:

I heard the Prophet saying, “Shall I tell you of the people of Paradise? They comprise every poor humble person, and if he swears by Allah to do something, Allah will fulfill it; while the people of the fire comprise every violent, cruel arrogant person.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 652:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet was asked, “Who are the best people?” He replied: The people of my generation, and then those who will follow (come after) them, and then those who will come after the later; after that there will come some people whose witness will precede their oaths and their oaths will go ahead of their witness.” Ibrahim (a sub-narrator) said, “When we were young, our elder friends used to prohibit us from taking oaths by saying, ‘I bear witness swearing by Allah, or by Allah’s Covenant.”‘


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 653:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

The Prophet said, “Whoever swears falsely in order to grab the property of a Muslim (or of his brother), Allah will be angry with him when he meets Him.” Allah then revealed in confirmation of the above statement:–‘Verily those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s Covenant and their own oaths.’ (3.77) Al-Ash’ath said, “This Verse was revealed regarding me and a companion of mine when we had a dispute about a well.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 654:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said, “The Hell Fire will keep on saying: ‘Are there anymore (people to come)?’ Till the Lord of Power and Honor will put His Foot over it and then it will say, ‘Qat! Qat! (sufficient! sufficient!) by Your Power and Honor. And its various sides will come close to each other (i.e., it will contract). “


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 655:

Narrated Az-Zuhri:

I heard ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Said bin Al-Musaiyab, ‘Alqama bin Waqqas and ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah narrating from ‘Aisha, the wife of the Prophet, the story about the liars who said what they said about her and how Allah revealed her innocence afterwards. Each one of the above four narrators narrated to me a portion of her narration. (It was said in it), “The Prophet stood up, saying, ‘Is there anyone who can relieve me from ‘Abdullah bin Ubai?’ On that, Usaid bin Hudair got up and said to Sa’d bin ‘Ubada, La’amrullahi (By the Eternity of Allah), we will kill him!’ “


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 656:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

regarding: ‘Allah will not call you to account for that which is unintentional in your oaths…’ (2.225) This Verse was revealed concerning such oath formulas as: ‘No, by Allah!’ and ‘Yes, by Allah!’ something against his oath due to forgetfulness should he make expiation?). And the Statement of Allah: ‘And there is no blame on you if you make a mistake therein.’ (33.5) And Allah said:– ‘(Moses said to Khadir): Call me not to account for what I forgot.’ (18.73)


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 657:

Narrated Abu Huraira: The Prophet said, “Allah forgives my followers those (evil deeds) the


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 658:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr bin Al-As:

While the Prophet was delivering a sermon on the Day of Nahr (i.e., 10th Dhul-Hijja-Day of slaughtering the sacrifice), a man got up saying, “I thought, O Allah’s Apostle, such-and-such a thing was to be done before such-and-such a thing.” Another man got up, saying, “O Allah’s Apostle! As regards these three (acts of Hajj), thought so-and-so.” The Prophet said, “Do, and there is no harm,” concerning all those matters on that day. And so, on that day, whatever question he was asked, he said, “Do it, do it, and there is no harm therein.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 659:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

A man said to the Prophet (while he was delivering a sermon on the Day of Nahr), “I have performed the Tawaf round the Ka’ba before the Rami (throwing pebbles) at the Jamra.” The Prophet said, “There is no harm (therein).” Another man said, “I had my head shaved before slaughtering (the sacrifice).” The Prophet said, “There is no harm.” A third said, “I have slaughtered (the sacrifice) before the Rami (throwing pebbles) at the Jamra.” The Prophet said, “There is no harm.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 660:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

A man entered the mosque and started praying while Allah’s Apostle was sitting somewhere in the mosque. Then (after finishing the prayer) the man came to the Prophet and greeted him. The Prophet said to him, “Go back and pray, for you have not prayed. The man went back, and having prayed, he came and greeted the Prophet. The Prophet after returning his greetings said, “Go back and pray, for you did not pray.” On the third time the man said, “(O Allah’s Apostle!) teach me (how to pray).” The Prophet said, “When you get up for the prayer, perform the ablution properly and then face the Qibla and say Takbir (Allahu Akbar), and then recite of what you know of the Quran, and then bow, and remain in this state till you feel at rest in bowing, and then raise your head and stand straight; and then prostrate till you feel at rest in prostration, and then sit up till you feel at rest while sitting; and then prostrate again till you feel at rest in prostration; and then get up and stand straight, and do all this in all your prayers.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 661:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

When the pagans were defeated during the (first stage) of the battle of Uhud, Satan shouted, “O Allah’s slaves! Beware of what is behind you!” So the front files of the Muslims attacked their own back files. Hudhaifa bin Al-Yaman looked and on seeing his father he shouted: “My father! My father!” By Allah! The people did not stop till they killed his father. Hudhaifa then said, “May Allah forgive you.” ‘Urwa (the sub-narrator) added, “Hudhaifa continued asking Allah forgiveness for the killers of his father till he met Allah (till he died).”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 662:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “If somebody eats something forgetfully while he is fasting, then he should complete his fast, for Allah has made him eat and drink.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 663:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Buhaina:

Once Allah’s Apostle led us in prayer, and after finishing the first two Rakat, got up (instead of sitting for At-Tahiyyat) and then carried on with the prayer. When he had finished his prayer, the people were waiting for him to say Taslim, but before saying Tasiim, he said Takbir and prostrated; then he raised his head, and saying Takbir, he prostrated (SAHU) and then raised his head and finished his prayer with Taslim.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 664:

Narrated Ibn Mas’ud:

that Allah’s Prophet led them in the Zuhr prayer and he offered either more or less Rakat, and it was said to him, “O Allah’s Apostle ! Has the prayer been reduced, or have you forgotten?” He asked, “What is that?” They said, “You have prayed so many Rak’at.” So he performed with them two more prostrations and said, “These two prostrations are to be performed by the person who does not know whether he has prayed more or less (Rakat) in which case he should seek to follow what is right. And then complete the rest (of the prayer) and perform two extra prostrations.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 665:

Narrated Ubai bin Ka’b:

that he heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “(Moses) said, ‘Call me not to account for what I forget and be not hard upon me for my affair (with you)’ (18.73) the first excuse of Moses was his forgetfulness.”

Narrated Al-Bara bin Azib that once he had a guest, so he told his family (on the Day of Id-ul-Adha) that they should slaughter the animal for sacrifice before he returned from the (‘Id) prayer in order that their guest could take his meal. So his family slaughtered (the animal ) before the prayer. Then they mentioned that event to the Prophet who ordered Al-Bara to slaughter another sacrifice. Al-Bara’ said to the Prophet , “I have a young milch she-goat which is better than two sheep for slaughtering.” (The sub-narrator, Ibn ‘Aun used to say, “I don’t know whether the permission (to slaughter a she-goat as a sacrifice) was especially given to Al-Bara’ or if it was in general for all the Muslims.”) (See Hadith No. 99, Vol. 2.)


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 666:

Narrated Jundub:

I witnessed the Prophet offering the ‘Id prayer (and after finishing it) he delivered a sermon and said, “Whoever has slaughtered his sacrifice (before the prayer) should make up for it (i.e. slaughter another animal) and whoever has not slaughtered his sacrifice yet, should slaughter it by mentioning Allah’s Name over it.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 667:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Amr:

The Prophet said, “The biggest sins are: To join others in worship with Allah; to be undutiful to one’s parents; to kill somebody unlawfully; and to take an oath Al-Ghamus.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 668:

Narrated ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If somebody is ordered (by the ruler or the judge) to take an oath, and he takes a false oath in order to grab the property of a Muslim, then he will incur Allah’s Wrath when he will meet Him.” And Allah revealed in its confirmation: ‘Verily! Those who purchase a small gain at the cost of Allah’s covenants and their own oaths.’ (3.77) (The sub-narrator added:) Al-Ash’ath bin Qais entered, saying, “What did Abu ‘Abdur-Rahman narrate to you?” They said, “So-and-so,” Al-Ash’ath said, “This verse was revealed in my connection. I had a well on the land of my cousin (and we had a dispute about it). I reported him to Allah ‘s Apostle who said (to me). “You should give evidence (i.e. witness) otherwise the oath of your opponent will render your claim invalid.” I said, “Then he (my opponent) will take the oath, O Allah’s Apostle.” Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever is ordered (by the ruler or the judge) to give an oath, and he takes a false oath in order to grab the property of a Muslim, then he will incur Allah’s Wrath when he meets Him on the Day of Resurrection.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 669:

Narrated Abu Musa:

My companions sent me to the Prophet to ask him for some mounts. He said, “By Allah! I will not mount you on anything!” When I met him, he was in an angry mood, but when I met him (again), he said, “Tell your companions that Allah or Allah’s Apostle will provide you with mounts.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 670:

Narrated Az-Zuhri:

I heard ‘Urwa bin Az-Zubair, Said bin Al-Musaiyab, ‘Alqama bin Waqqas and ‘Ubaidullah bin ‘Abdullah bin ‘Uqba relating from ‘Aisha, the wife of the Prophet the narration of the people (i.e. the liars) who spread the slander against her and they said what they said, and how Allah revealed her innocence. Each of them related to me a portion of that narration. (They said that ‘Aisha said), ”Then Allah revealed the ten Verses starting with:–‘Verily! Those who spread the slander..’ (24.11-21)

All these verses were in proof of my innocence. Abu Bakr As-Siddiq who used to provide for Mistah some financial aid because of his relation to him, said, “By Allah, I will never give anything (in charity) to Mistah, after what he has said about ‘Aisha” Then Allah revealed:– ‘And let not those among you who are good and are wealthy swear not to give (any sort of help) to their kins men….’ (24.22) On that, Abu Bakr said, “Yes, by Allah, I like that Allah should forgive me.” and then resumed giving Mistah the aid he used to give him and said, “By Allah! I will never withhold it from him.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 671:

Narrated Abu Musa Al-Ash’ari:

I went along with some men from the Ash-ariyin to Allah’s Apostle and it happened that I met him while he was in an angry mood. We asked him to provide us with mounts, but he swore that he would not give us any. Later on he said, “By Allah, Allah willing, if ever I take an oath (to do something) and later on I find something else better than the first, then I do the better one and give expiation for the dissolution of my oath.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 672:

Narrated Al-Musaiyab:

When the death of Abu Talib approached, Allah’s Apostle came to him and said, “Say: La ilaha illallah, a word with which I will be able to defend you before Allah.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 673:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “(Following are) two words (sentences or utterances that are very easy for the tongue to say, and very heavy in the balance (of reward,) and the must beloved to the Gracious Almighty (And they are): Subhan Allah wa bi-hamdihi; Subhan Allahi-l-‘Azim,”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 674:

Narrated ‘Abdullah: Allah’s Apostle said a sentence and I said another. He said, “Whoever dies while he is setting up rivals along with Allah (i.e. worshipping others along with Allah) shall be admitted into the (Hell) Fire.” And I said the other: “W


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 675:

Narrated Anas:

Allah’s Apostle took an oath for abstention from h is wives (for one month), and during those days he had a sprain in his foot. He stayed in a Mashrubah (an upper room) for twenty-nine nights and then came down. Then the people said, “O Allah’s Apostle! You took an oath for abstention (from your wives) for one month.” On that he said, A month can be of twenty-nine days ‘


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 676:

Narrated Abu Hazim:

Sahl bin Sa’d said, “Abu Usaid, the companion of the Prophet, got married, so he invited the Prophet to his wedding party, and the bride herself served them. Sahl said to the People, ‘Do you know what drink she served him with? She infused some dates in a pot at night and the next morning she served him with the infusion.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 677:

Narrated Sauda:

(the wife of the Prophet) One of our sheep died and we tanned its skin and kept on infusing dates in it till it was a worn out water skin.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 678:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The family of (the Prophet) Muhammad never ate wheat-bread with meat for three consecutive days to their fill, till he met Allah.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 679:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Abu Talha said to Um Sulaim, “I heard the voice of Allah’s Apostle rather weak, and I knew that it was because of hunger. Have you anything (to present to the Prophet)?” She said, “Yes.” Then she took out a few loaves of barley bread and took a veil of hers and wrapped the bread with a part of it and sent me to Allah’s Apostle. I went and found Allah’s Apostle sitting in the mosque with some people. I stood up before him. Allah’s Apostle said to me, “Has Abu Talha sent you?” I said, ‘ Yes. Then Allah’s Apostle said to those who were with him. “Get up and proceed.” I went ahead of them (as their forerunner) and came to Abu Talha and informed him about it. Abu Talha said, “O Um Sulaim! Allah’s Apostle has come and we have no food to feed them.” Um Sulaim said, “Allah and His Apostle know best.” So Abu Talha went out (to receive them) till he met Allah’s Apostle.

Allah’s Apostle came in company with Abu Talha and they entered the house. Allah’s Apostle said, “O Um Sulaim! Bring whatever you have.” So she brought that (barley) bread and Allah’s Apostle ordered that bread to be broken into small pieces, and then Um Sulaim poured over it some butter from a leather butter container, and then Allah’s Apostle said what Allah wanted him to say, (i.e. blessing the food). Allah’s Apostle then said, “Admit ten men.” Abu Talha admitted them and they ate to their fill and went out. He again said, “Admit ten men.” He admitted them, and in this way all the people ate to their fill, and they were seventy or eighty men.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 680:

Narrated ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab:

I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, “The (reward of) deeds, depend upon the intentions and every person will get the reward according to what he has intended. So whoever emigrated for the sake of Allah and His Apostle, then his emigration will be considered to be for Allah and His Apostle, and whoever emigrated for the sake of worldly gain or for a woman to marry, then his emigration will be considered to be for what he emigrated for.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 681:

Narrated Ka’b bin Malik:

In the last part of his narration about the three who remained behind (from the battle of Tabuk). (I said) “As a proof of my true repentance (for not joining the Holy battle of Tabuk), I shall give up all my property for the sake of Allah and His Apostle (as an expiation for that sin).” The Prophet said (to me), “Keep some of your wealth, for that is better for you.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 682:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet used to stay (for a period) in the house of Zainab bint Jahsh (one of the wives of the Prophet ) and he used to drink honey in her house. Hafsa and I decided that when the Prophet entered upon either of us, she would say, “I smell in you the bad smell of Maghafir (a bad smelling raisin). Have you eaten Maghafir?” When he entered upon one of us, she said that to him. He replied (to her), “No, but I have drunk honey in the house of Zainab bint Jahsh, and I will never drink it again.” Then the following verse was revealed: ‘O Prophet ! Why do you ban (for you) that which Allah has made lawful for you?. ..(up to) If you two (wives of the Prophet turn in repentance to Allah.’ (66.1-4) The two were ‘Aisha and Hafsa And also the Statement of Allah: ‘And (Remember) when the Prophet disclosed a matter in confidence to one of his wives!’ (66.3) i.e., his saying, “But I have drunk honey.” Hisham said: It also meant his saying, “I will not drink anymore, and I have taken an oath, so do not inform anybody of that ‘


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 683:

Narrated Sa’id bin Al-Harith:

that he heard Ibn ‘Umar saying, “Weren’t people forbidden to make vows?” The Prophet said, ‘A vow neither hastens nor delays anything, but by the making of vows, some of the wealth of a miser is taken out.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 684:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

The Prophet forbade the making of vows and said, “It (a vow) does not prevent anything (that has to take place), but the property of a miser is spent (taken out) with it.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 685:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Allah says, ‘The vow, does not bring about for the son of Adam anything I have not decreed for him, but his vow may coincide with what has been decided for him, and by this way I cause a miser to spend of his wealth. So he gives Me (spends in charity) for the fulfillment of what has been decreed for him what he would not give Me before but for his vow.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 686:

Narrated Zahdam bin Mudarrab:

‘Imran bin Hussain said, “The Prophet said, ‘The best of you (people) are my generation, and the second best will be those who will follow them, and then those who will follow the second generation.” Imran added, “I do not remember whether he mentioned two or three (generations) after his generation. He added, ‘Then will come some people who will make vows but will not fulfill them; and they will be dishonest and will not be trustworthy, and they will give their witness without being asked to give their witness, and fatness will appear among them.’ “


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 687:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “Whoever vows that he will be obedient to Allah, should remain obedient to Him; and whoever made a vow that he will disobey Allah, should not disobey Him.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 688:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

‘Umar said “O Allah’s Apostle! I vowed to perform I’tikaf for one night in Al-Masjid-al-Haram, during the Pre-Islamic Period of ignorance (before embracing Islam). “The Prophet said, “Fulfill your vow.” Ibn ‘Umar said to the lady, “Pray on her behalf.” Ibn ‘Abbas said the same.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 689:

Narrated Sa’id bin ‘Ubada Al-Ansari:

that he consulted the Prophet about a vow that had been made by his mother who died without fulfilling it. The Prophet gave his verdict that he should fulfill it on her behalf. The verdict became Sunna (i.e. the Prophet’s tradition).


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 690:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

A man came to the Prophet and said to him, “My sister vowed to perform the Hajj, but she died (before fulfilling it).” The Prophet said, “Would you not have paid her debts if she had any?” The man said, “Yes.” The Prophet said, “So pay Allah’s Rights, as He is more entitled to receive His rights.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 691:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “Whoever vowed to be obedient to Allah, must be obedient to Him; and whoever vowed to be disobedient to Allah, should not be disobedient to Him.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 692:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Allah is not in need of this man) torturing himself,” when he saw the man walking between his two sons (who were supporting him).


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 693:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

The Prophet saw a man performing Tawaf around the Ka’ba, tied with a rope or something else (while another person was holding him). The Prophet cut that rope off.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 694:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

While performing the Tawaf around the Ka’ba, the Prophet passed by a person leading another person by a hair-rope nose-ring in his nose. The Prophet cut the hair-rope nose-ring off with his hand and ordered the man to lead him by the hand.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 695:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

While the Prophet was delivering a sermon, he saw a man standing, so he asked about that man. They (the people) said, “It is Abu Israil who has vowed that he will stand and never sit down, and he will never come in the shade, nor speak to anybody, and will fast.” The Prophet said, “Order him to speak and let him come in the shade, and make him sit down, but let him complete his fast.”


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 696:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

that he was asked about a man who had vowed that he would fast all the days of his life then the day of ‘Id al Adha or ‘Id-al-Fitr came. ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar said: You have indeed a good example in Allah’s Apostle. He did not fast on the day of ‘Id al Adha or the day of ‘Id-al-Fitr, and we do not intend fasting on these two days.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 697:

Narrated Ziyad bin Jubair:

I was with Ibn ‘Umar when a man asked him, “I have vowed to fast every Tuesday or Wednesday throughout my life and if the day of my fasting coincided with the day of Nahr (the first day of ‘Id-al-Adha), (What shall I do?)” Ibn ‘Umar said, “Allah has ordered the vows to be fulfilled, and we are forbidden to fast on the day of Nahr.” The man repeated his question and Ibn ‘Umar repeated his former answer, adding nothing more.


Volume 8, Book 78, Number 698:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

We went out in the company of Allah’s Apostle on the day of (the battle of) Khaibar, and we did not get any gold or silver as war booty, but we got property in the form of things and clothes. Then a man called Rifa’a bin Zaid, from the tribe of Bani Ad-Dubaib, presented a slave named Mid’am to Allah’s Apostle. Allah’s Apostle headed towards the valley of Al-Qura, and when he was in the valley of Al-Qura an arrow was thrown by an unidentified person, struck and killed Mid’am who was making a she-camel of Allah’s Apostle kneel down. The people said, “Congratulations to him (the slave) for gaining Paradise.” Allah’s Apostle said, “No! By Him in Whose Hand my soul is, for the sheet which he stole from the war booty before its distribution on the day of Khaibar, is now burning over him.” When the people heard that, a man brought one or two Shiraks (leather straps of shoes) to the Prophet. The Prophet said, “A Shirak of fire, or two Shiraks of fire.”


"Whoever takes an oath by al-Amaanah (the trust), then he is not from us"

From Buraydah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah ( peace be upon him) said,

((Whoever takes an oath by al-Amaanah (the trust), then he is not from us)).

Reported by Aboo Daawud, no. 3253 with an authentic chain, authenticated by ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah, no. 94, and also authenticated by ash-Shaykh Muqbil in al-Jaami’ as-Saheeh 1/291.

Regarding the third hadeeth of Buraydah, Shaykh Ahmed mentioned that this great test and tribulation has affected the general people in the lands of the Muslims, such that they have become accustomed to this (i.e. swearing by al-Amaanah), and it has become widespread on their tongues to swear by al-Amaanah. And the trust (al-Amaanah) is a great thing to them, and they use as a proof for their action of this the statement of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa):

Truly, We did offer AlAmaanah (the trust or moral responsibility or honesty and all the duties which Allaah has ordained) to the heavens and the earth, and the mountains, but they declined to bear it and were afraid of it (i.e. afraid of Allaah’s Torment). But man bore it. Verily, he was unjust (to himself) and ignorant (of itsresults). (Al-Ahzaab 33:72)

And Shaykh Ahmed mentioned that in this verse is the affirmation that al-Amaanah, the trust, isa great thing. A great thing which Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa) has sent down upon the creation. A thing which mankind took and bore it. But if the person who swears by al-Amaanah is asked what is greater than al-Amaanah, he would say: ‘Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).’ So why not swear by Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa), who is greater than all things, and he is the One who is entitled to glorification. And the promise of punishment that the Prophet ( peace be upon him) mentioned for the one who swears by al-Amaanah is that ‘he is not from us,’ which means that he is not from our path, our clear path and Manhaj (way /methodology).

And it is upon the person who due to accustom and habitual habits finds himself swearing by al-Amaanah, it is upon him to take note and to be careful of what comes out of his tongue, and that he must be truthful in his swearing, and that he must swear only by Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).

And in regards to being truthful when swearing, the shaykh mentioned the hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ood (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu): The Prophet ( peace be upon him ) said, “Whoever swears falsely in order to grab the property of a Muslim (or of his brother), Allaah will be angry with him when he meets Him.” Reported by al-Bukhaaree, no. 6238.

This Post Extracted from:
Lessons on Tawhid – Approximately 50 Classes – from Dar-ul-Hadith, Dammaj, Yemen
Class 31 : January – 21 – 06 – The Prohibition of Swearing by Other Than Allaah

The Prohibition of Swearing by Other Than Allaah – Shaykh Ahmed Wasabi

Shaykh Ahmed Wasabi then read to us from the book of Shaykh Muhammad ibn Saalih al-‘Uthaymeen, al- Qawl ul-Mufeed Sharh Kitaab ut-Tawheed, Beneficial Speech in Explaining the Book of Tawheed, which is an explanation of Kitaab ut-Tawheed of Shaykhul-Islaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul Wahhaab an- Najdee (rahimahullaah). He read to us from the chapter ‘Swearing by Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa)’:

“The meaning of this is the glorification of the one that is being sweared by. And the reason of doing this action of swearing is to certify an issue by the remembrance of the one that is glorified. And it has specific terminology that is used in the Arabic language, certain words and phrases that are used to swear by, and they are known as Huroof al-Qasam, which consists of the harf baa, waav, and taa (billaahi, wallaahi, and tallaahi).

And a person who numerously swears by Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa), and is consistently and in all times found swearing by Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa), then this is a proof that his glorification of Allaah is weak.

And the reason for mentioning these chapters in Kitaab ut-Tawheed is that from the perfection and completion of Tawheed is that a person glorifies Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa). And the fact that a person swears by Allaah numerously, without taking heed of what he is swearing about, then this is a proof that shows the weakness in his glorification of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).”

From ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar ibnul-Khattaab (radiyAllaahu ‘anhumaa) that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) met ‘Umar ibnul-Khattaab (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) while the latter was going with a group of camel-riders, and he was swearing by his father. So Allaah’s Messenger ( Peace be upon him) said, ((Behold! Allaah (‘azza wa jall) forbids you to swear by your fathers, so whoever has to take an oath, he should swear by Allaah or keep quiet)). Reported by al- Bukhaaree, no. 6270 and Muslim, no. 1646. Also from him [‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar] (radiyAllaahu ‘anhumaa), who said, Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said, ((Whosoever wishes to take an oath then he should not take an oath except by Allaah)).

  • In this hadeeth is the proof that it is not allowable to swear by other than Allaah, and that it is forbidden to swear by the created things.
  • And the thing that is sweared by, this is in actuality glorification of that which is sweared by, so the one who swears by the creation is glorifying it, and Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa) is greater than everything and He deserves glorification more than anything else that is in existence. 
  • And the one who swears by other than Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa) has committed an act of shirk (association).

From Abee Hurayrah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said, Allaah’s Messenger ( peace be upon him) said, ((Whoever amongst you swears, (saying by error) in his oath “By al-Laat and al-‘Uzzaa,” then he should say, “Laa Ilaaha illaAllaah (None has the right to be worshipped but Allaah).” And whoever says to his companions, “Come let me gamble with you,” then he must give something in charity (as an expiation for such a sin).)) Reported by al-Bukhaaree, no. 4579 and Muslim, no. 1647.

  • The one who swears by other than Allaah without intentionally intending this, and the ones who become accustomed to this due to the fact that they have been brought up in Jaahiliyyah, then the Prophet (peace be upon him) has made clear to them the atonement of doing this act (i.e. swearing by other than Allaah in error), and it is by saying the statement of Laa Ilaaha illaAllaah.
  • The atonement for the one who swears by other than Allaah (i.e. in error) by saying the statement of Laa Ilaaha illaAllaah is the affirmation of worship to Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa) and its negation to other than Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).

From Buraydah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah ( peace be upon him) said, ((Whoever takes an oath by al-Amaanah (the trust), then he is not from us)). Reported by Aboo Daawud, no. 3253 with an authentic chain, authenticated by ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah, no. 94, and also authenticated by ash-Shaykh Muqbil in al-Jaami’ as-Saheeh 1/291.

Read Here for more details

From Qutaylah, the woman from Juhaynah, (radiyAllaahu ‘anhaa) that a Jew came to the Prophet (peace be upon him) and said: “Verily you make equal and verily you associate, you say: ‘What Allaah Wills and what you will,’ and you swear: ‘By al-Ka’bah.’ So the Prophet () ordered them: (If they want to swear, they should say: ‘By the Lord of al-Ka’bah,’ and they should say: ‘What Allaah Wills then what you will.’).” Narrated by an-Nisaa’ee 7/6, and authenticated by ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee in as-Saheehah: 1166, and also by ash-Shaykh Muqbil in the book as-Saheeh al-Musnad Mimmaa Laysa Fee as-Saheehayn 2/515.

  • It is allowable to swear by the attributes of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).
  • Therefore, it is allowable for someone to swear by the Qur’aan, the Qur’aan being the speech of Allaah (jalla wa ‘alaa), and speech is an attribute of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa).
  • As for al- Ka’bah, then it is not from the attributes of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’aalaa), and therefore it is not allowable for a person to swear by al-Ka’bah. So it is upon us to say as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said, ‘By the Lord of al-Ka’bah.’

From ‘Umar ibnul-Khattaab (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said, “The Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said to me: ((Verily, Allaah (‘azza wa jall) prohibits you to swear by your fathers)).” Reported by al-Bukhaaree, no. 6271 and Muslim, no. 1646.

From Thaabit ibn ad-Dahhaak (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: ((Whosoever swears to be on a religion other than the religion of al- Islaam, then he is as he says)). Reported by al-Bukhaaree, no. 1297 and Muslim, no. 110.

From Buraydah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah ( peace be upon him) said: ((Whosoever swears and says: “Verily, I am free from al-Islaam,” and if he was a liar, then he is as he says, and if he was truthful, then he will not return back to al-Islaam in a perfect manner)). Narrated by Aboo Daawud, no. 3258 and Ahmed, no. 5/355 and an-Nisaa’ee 7/6 and ibn Maajah, no. 2100, and authenticated by ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee in al-‘Irwaa’, no. 2576, and also by ash-Shaykh Muqbil in al-Jaami’ as-Saheeh 1/290.

From ‘Abdur Rahmaan ibn Samurah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah ( peace be upon him) said: ((Do not swear by idols and by your fathers)). Narrated by Muslim, no. 1648.

From Abee Hurayrah (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: ((Do not swear by your fathers, or by your mothers, or by idols, and do not swear except by Allaah, and do not swear except that you are truthful)). An authentic hadeeth, narrated by Aboo Daawud, no. 3248 and an-Nisaa’ee, no. 3769 and ibn Hibbaan, mo. 4357 and al-Bayhaqee 10/29, and authenticated by ash-Shaykh al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) in Saheeh al-Jaami’, no. 7249, and also by ash-Shaykh Muqbil in as-Saheeh al-Musnad 2/341.

From ‘Abdullaah ibn ‘Umar (radiyAllaahu ‘anhumaa) who said that the Messenger of Allaah (peace be upon him) said: ((Whosoever swears by other than Allaah, then he has committed (an action of) disbelief or association)). Narrated by Aboo Daawud, no. 3251 and at-Tirmidhee, no. 1535 and al-Haakim 1/18 and 4/297; and authenticated by adh-Dhahabee, and also by al-Albaanee in al-‘Irwaa’, no. 2561, and al-Bayhaqee 10/29, and at-Tayaalisee, no. 1896, and Ahmed 2/34 and 69 and 86 and 125, and ibn Hibbaan 10/199-200, and see al-Jaami’ as-Saheeh 1/279 and 6/321 of ash-Shaykh Muqbil ibn Haadee (rahimahullaahu ta’aalaa).

From ‘Umar ibnul-Khattaab (radiyAllaahu ‘anhu) that he said: “No, by my father,” so the Messenger of Allaah ( peace be upon him) said: ((What is this? Verily, whosoever swears by something other than Allaah has associated)). Narrated by Ahmed 1/413-414 with an authentic chain.

This Post Extracted from:
Lessons on Tawhid – Approximately 50 Classes – from Dar-ul-Hadith, Dammaj, Yemen
Class 31 : January – 21 – 06 – The Prohibition of Swearing by Other Than Allaah

Swearing by the Sifaat of Allaah – Shaykh Al-Albaani

The Ahadeeth of Tawheed from the Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of  Shaykh Al-Albaani

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

1168- “The person who was most severely trialed in the world will be brought forward from the people of Paradise. Allaah will say: immerse him deep into Paradise, so they will dip him into Paradise.

Then Allaah Azza wa Jal will ask: O son of Adam did you ever see any suffering or anything that you disliked?

He will answer: No, I swear by Your (Izzah) honour I never ever saw anything that I disliked.

Then the most blessed person in the world will be brought forward from the people of the Hell-fire. Allaah will say: dip him into Hell-fire.

Then Allaah will ask: O son of Adam did you ever see any good, or ever see anything pleasing to the eyes?

He will answer: No, I swear by Your (Izzah) honour I never ever saw any good, nor anything pleasing to the eyes.”

Benefit:

This hadeeth shows the permissibility of swearing by a Sifah (characteristic) from the Sifaat of Allaah Ta’ala, and from what al-Bayhaaqi mentioned in a chapter heading in ‘Sunaan al-kubra’ (10/41) ‘Chapter : What is mentioned regarding swearing by the Sifaat of Allaah Ta’ala like al-Izzah(Honour), al-Qudrah (Capability), al-Jalaal (Magnificence), al-Kubreeyah (Pride), al-Uthma (Greatness), al-Kalam (Speech) and as-Sama’ (Hearing) and those similar to it.’

Then he mentioned some Ahadeeth under this chapter, and he pointed to this hadeeth. He also used, for evidence, some narrations on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood and other than him. Then he mentioned: “this narration is evidence that swearing by the Qur’aan is considered taking an oath……’

Then he narrated with an authentic chain on the trustworthy Tabi’ee (successor) Amroo bin Dinaar who said; ‘I met people for 70 years saying: Allaah is the Creator, everything other than Him is created and the Qur’aan is the speech of Allaah Azza wa Jal.’

Source : Blog of Abbas Abu Yahya @  FollowingTheSunnah.wordpress.com