Allaah commanded the whole of mankind with Al-Haneefiyyah and He created them for it – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 13 Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Previous ClassAl-Haneefiyyah (The Straight and True Religion)

 Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

وبذلك أَمَرَ اللهُ جميعَ الناس وخلَقهم لها

And that is what Allaah commanded the whole of mankind with and He created them for it.15


[15]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “And that is what Allaah commanded”: the indication refers to his saying, “That you worship Allaah making the religion purely and sincerely for Him”. And Allaah commanded the whole of the creation with the worship of Allaah making the whole of the religion purely and sincerely for Him, Allaah commanded the whole of mankind the Arabs from them and the non-Arabs, the white and the black from them, all of mankind from the time of Aadam until the last of mankind in the world, Allaah commanded all of them to worship Him, along with making the worship purely and solely for Him. Allaah the most High said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

الَّذِي جَعَلَ لَكُمُ الْأَرْضَ فِرَاشًا وَالسَّمَاءَ بِنَاءً وَأَنزَلَ مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً فَأَخْرَجَ بِهِ مِنَ الثَّمَرَاتِ رِزْقًا لَّكُمْ ۖ فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَندَادًا وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

O mankind single out your Lord with all worship, He Who created you and all those who came before you so that you may be from those who fear and are dutiful to Allaah (who avoid His punishment). He Who made the earth a resting-place for you and made the sky a ceiling and He sent down from the clouds rain and He brought out with it from the earth crops and fruits as provision for you. So do not set up rivals to Allaah whilst you know. [2:21-22]

That there is no rival for Him and there is no-one resembling Him, and there is no-one like Him, and there is no equal for Him. So this is a prohibition of major shirk and lesser shirk. Allaah commanded all of mankind with that from the first of them to the last of them.

His saying, “And He created them for it”: meaning to worship Him alone associating no partners with Him, He the one free of all imperfections, they were created for that purpose, that is just as occurs in His saying He the Most High:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except so that they should worship Me alone. [51:56]

And they were commanded with that in His saying, He the Most High:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّاسُ اعْبُدُوا رَبَّكُمُ الَّذِي خَلَقَكُمْ وَالَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكُمْ لَعَلَّكُمْ تَتَّقُونَ

O mankind single out your Lord with all worship, the one who created you [2:21]

This is the meaning of the saying of the Shaikh, ‘He created them for it, and He commanded them with it’, he combined the two matters in his saying, “And Allaah commanded the whole of mankind with that and He created them for it”, just as He the Most High said:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except so that they should worship Me alone. [51:56]

So His saying, He the Most High:

.. وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ

And I did not create the Jinn and mankind .. [51:56]

So Allaah, He is the Creator, He is the one who created all things, and from that is that He created the Jinn and mankind, and He gave them intellect, and He gave them the duty of worshipping Him alone and not associating anything along with Him. He particularized them with the command to worship Him because Allaah gave them intellects, and He gave them that by means of which they can they can distinguish between what is harmful and what is of benefit, and between the truth and falsehood, and He created all things for their welfare and benefit.

He the Most High said:

وَسَخَّرَ لَكُم مَّا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا مِّنْهُ

And He has made subservient for you whatever is in the heavens and whatever is upon the earth all of it is a favour from Him. [45:13]

Everything has been made subservient for the descendants of Aadam in order that they should use it as an aid upon that which they were created for, and it is the worship of Allaah the Perfect and Most High:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except so that they should worship Me alone. [51:56]

The Jinn are a species of beings from the realms of the hidden and unseen, we do not see them, and they have the duty of performing worship and they are forbidden from committing shirk and from sin, just like the descendents of Aadam. However they differ from the descendents of Aadam in their created form.

As for with regard to commands and prohibitions, then they are just like the descendants of Aadam, they are bound by commands and prohibitions, and the Jinn are a species of beings from the world of the hidden and unseen, we do not see them, however they are present. And mankind, they are the descendants of Aadam. They are called Al-Ins because they are sociable with each other, they come together and they enjoy each others’ company.

And the Jinn are called Jinn from Al-Ijtinaan, which means the state of being hidden. And from it is Al-Janeen (the embryo) in the womb, because it is hidden, and it is said about a person jannahul-layl (the night covered him) when it covers him over, and it is also said Al-Mijann (a shield), that which is taken for protection in war for arrows and so on, so it covers the one who carries it. So Al-Ijtinaan and Al-Janaan, is something which is hidden and concealed. So the Jinn are hidden from us, we do not see them. And they are a species of beings who exist, whoever denies them then he is a disbeliever, since he is denying the truth of what Allaah and His Messenger have said, and denying the consensus of the Muslims, since Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has made clear that He did not create Jinn and mankind except to worship Him, not for anything else.

So He did not create them in order for them to benefit Him or to harm Him nor in order to feel powerful because of them and not feel lowly nor in order to seek increase through them in place of having little because He is Ghaniyy (Independent), having no need of the creation, and He did not create them because of any need for them, He did not create them in order that they should provide for Him or that they should earn wealth for Him:

مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ

إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

I do not want provision from them, and I do not want that they should feed Me. Allaah, He is the Great Provider, the Possessor of Tremendous Power, the Strong. [51:57-58]

So Allaah is not in need of the creation rather He created the Jinn and mankind for one thing alone and it is that they should worship Him, and He is not in need of their worship, rather they are in need of it, since if they worship Allaah, then He honours them and enters them into Paradise. So the benefit of worship returns to them, and the harmful effect of sins is upon them, as for Allaah the Majestic and Most High, then He is not harmed by the obedience of the obedient one nor by the sin of the sinful one.

He the Perfect and Most High said:

 إِن تَكْفُرُوا أَنتُمْ وَمَن فِي الْأَرْضِ جَمِيعًا فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ لَغَنِيٌّ حَمِيدٌ

If you people disbelieve, you and everyone upon the earth together, then Allaah is the Independent One, free of all needs, the One deserving of all praise. [14:8]

Allaah is not harmed by the sinning of the one who sins and He is not benefitted by the one who is obedient, rather this returns to the creation themselves. If they obey Him then they benefit, and if they disobey Him then they are harmed by sinning against Him.


 Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

Just as He the Most High said:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except that they should worship Me alone [51:56]

And the meaning of, “they should worship”, is, “they should single Me out with all worship.”16


[16]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “And the meaning of ya‘budoon is yuwahhidoon”: meaning they single Me out with all worship. So worship and tawheed have one and the same meaning. Tawheed can be explained to mean worship, and worship can be explained to mean tawheed, and the meaning of these two is one. So this contains a refutation of those who explain tawheed to be affirming that Allaah is the Creator, the Provider, the One who gives life, the One who gives death, the One who is in control of affairs. This is not the tawheed for which the creation were created, rather the creation were created for the tawheed of worship which is Tawheed-ul-Uloohiyyah.

As for one who only affirms Tawheed-ur-Ruboobiyyah (Tawheed of Allaah’s Lordship), then he is not a muwahhid (person of tawheed) and he will not be from the people of Paradise, rather he will be from the people of the Hell-Fire, because he has not come with the tawheed which he was created for, and with worship.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Al-Haneefiyyah (The Straight and True Religion) – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 12
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

The Third Treatise :
Al-Haneefiyyah (The Straight and True Religion), the Religious Way Followed by Ibraaheem

 The Definition of Al-Haneefiyyah


 Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

إنَّ الحنيفيةَ: مِلَّةُ إبراهيمَ

That Al-Haneefiyyah (The straight and true religion) the religious way followed by Ibraaheem13


[13]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “That Al-Haneefiyyah the religious way followed by Ibraaheem”: meaning that which is obligatory that you should know and be aware of is that Al-Haneefiyyah is the religious way of Ibraaheem, and Al-Hanf in the language means inclination.

So the meaning of Al-Haneefiyyah is the religious way which turns away from shirk towards tawheed. And Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam was a Haneef, a Muslim. Haneef meaning one who inclined away from shirk and turned away from it towards tawheed and making his religion purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. He the Most High said:

إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ كَانَ أُمَّةً قَانِتًا لِّلَّهِ حَنِيفًا وَلَمْ يَكُ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Ibraaheem was an Ummah (a teacher of good, and a leader followed upon guidance), obedient to Allaah, Haneef (upright upon the true religion of Islaam), and he was not from those who associate others with Allaah [16:120]

So al-Haneef was one of the attributes of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaam with the meaning that he turned away from shirk and inclined away from it totally in favour of tawheed, turning totally towards tawheed and making worship purely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. Allaah the Most High said:

ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا

Then we revealed to you that you should follow the religious way of Ibraaheem the Haneef  (the one who was upon the true religion, tawheed turning away from shirk). [16:123]

And He the One free of all imperfections said:

مَا كَانَ إِبْرَاهِيمُ يَهُودِيًّا وَلَا نَصْرَانِيًّا وَلَٰكِن كَانَ حَنِيفًا مُّسْلِمًا وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Ibraaheem was neither a Jew nor a Christian, but rather he was a Haneef, a Muslim, and he was not from those who associated others with Allaah [3:67]

These are the tremendous characteristics of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaam, from them is that he was Haneef, and that his religious way is Haneefiyyah, and it is the religion which is purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic which has no shirk in it. And Allaah commanded His Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam that he should follow this religious way by His saying:

ثُمَّ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ أَنِ اتَّبِعْ مِلَّةَ إِبْرَاهِيمَ حَنِيفًا ۖ وَمَا كَانَ مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Then We revealed to you that you should follow the religious way of Ibraaheem who was Haneef, and he was not from those who associated others with Allaah. [16:123]

And we have been commanded likewise that we should follow the religious way of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaam. He the Most High said:

هُوَ اجْتَبَاكُمْ وَمَا جَعَلَ عَلَيْكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ مِنْ حَرَجٍ ۚ مِّلَّةَ أَبِيكُمْ إِبْرَاهِيمَ ۚ هُوَ سَمَّاكُمُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ

He has chosen you for His religion, and He has not placed any unbearable difficulty upon you in the religion. So follow the religious way of your forefather Ibraaheem. Allaah it is who has named you the Muslims [22:78]

And it was the religion of all of the Messengers.

However because of the fact that Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam is the most excellent one of the Prophets after our Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam because he encountered in the path of calling to tawheed such torment and trials as were not encountered by anyone else, and he had patience upon that. And because he was the father of the Prophets, because the Prophets who came after him, all of them were descendants of his ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam. So therefore Al-Haneefiyyah was the religious way of all of the Prophets and it is the call to tawheed and the prohibition of shirk this was the religious way of all of the Messengers. However because Ibraaheem took notable stances for this religious way, it was ascribed to him and for those who came after him. And the Prophets all of them after him, they were upon the religious way of Ibraaheem, and it is the religion of tawheed and ikhlaas making the religion purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

What is this religious way which our Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was commanded to follow, and which we have been ordered to follow? It is obligatory upon us that we should be aware of it, because the Muslim, it is obligatory that he should be aware of whatever Allaah has made obligatory upon him, so that he can comply with it, and in order that he will not violate it. It is not sufficient to merely ascribe oneself to it without awareness, it is not sufficient to ascribe oneself to Islaam when he does not know what it is, and he does not know what are those things which nullify Islaam, and what are the religious duties of Islaam and the rulings of Islaam, and it is not sufficient to merely ascribe yourself to the religious way of Ibraaheem and you do not know what it is, and if you are asked about it you say, “I don’t know”. This is not permissible, it is obligatory that you are well aware of it so that you can proceed upon it upon clear insight and so that you do not violate anything from it.


Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

أنْ تعبدَ اللهَ وحدَهُ مخلصًا له الدِّين

Is that you worship Allaah alone, making the religion purely and sincerely for Him14


[14]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “Is that you worship Allaah alone, making the religion purely and sincerely for Him”: this is the religious way of Ibraaheem, that you worship Allaah making the religion purely and sincerely for Him. That you combine two matters: worship and making the worship purely for Allaah. So whoever worships Allaah but does not make the whole of religion purely for Him, then his worship will be nothing at all. So whoever worships Allaah and fasts and performs the Hajj (pilgrimage) and prays and performs ‘Umrah, and gives in voluntary charity and pays the Zakaat and does a great number of acts of obedience, however he does not do so making it purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, either because he does that for show or for repute, or because he mixed his deeds with something from shirk, such as calling upon other that Allaah, and calling for aid upon other than Allaah, and slaughtering for other than Allaah, then this person will not be mukhlis one who is acting purely and sincerely for Allaah in his worship, rather he will be a mushrik, and he will not be upon the religious way of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam. 

Many of those who ascribe themselves to Islaam today fall into major shirk, into calling upon other than Allaah and worshipping the graves and the tombs and sacrificing for them and performing vows for them and making tawaaf around them and seeking blessing from them and calling for aid to the dead and other than that, and they say that they are Muslims. Those people do not know the religious way of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam which their Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam was upon, they do not know of it or they know of it but then contradict it knowingly, and Allaah’s refuge is sought, and this is even worse.

So the religious way of Ibraheem does not accept shirk in any form and whoever mixes his actions with shirk then he is not upon the religious way of Ibraaheem, even if he ascribes himself to it and claims that he is a Muslim. So what is obligatory is that you should have awareness of the religious way of Ibraaheem and that you act upon it and that you adhere to it by worshipping Allaah making the whole of the religion purely and sincerely for Him, that there is not in your worship anything from lesser shirk or greater shirk. 

This is the religious way of Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaam: Al-Haneefiyyah, which turns away from shirk totally and turns to tawheed totally, that you worship Allaah making the religion purely and sincerely for Him.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (Alliance and Dissociation) – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 10 Part B & Lesson 11
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

 Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (Alliance and Dissociation)

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

 الثَّالِثَةُ: أَنَّ مَنْ أَطَاعَ الرَّسُوْلَ وَوَحَّدَ اللهَ لاَ يَجُوزُ لَهُ مُوَالاَةُ مَنْ حَادَّ اللهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانَ أَقْرَبَ قَرِيبٍ

The third: that whoever obeys the Messenger and singles out Allaah, then it is not permissible for him to love and ally himself with those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger, even if they be those most closely related to him.10


[10]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

It is not permissible for those who do that to have love and alliance to those who oppose Allaah and his Messenger, even if they be those most closely related to him. This is the matter of Al-Walaa’ wal-Baraa’ (Alliance and Dissociation), and it follows on from tawheed, from the rights of tawheed is to have love and alliance for the beloved servants of Allaah and to have dissociation from the enemies of Allaah.

And the words, “Al-Muwaalaat”, and, “Al-Walaa’”, have one and the same meaning, and, “Al-Walaa”, means having love in the heart, and it means aiding and assisting, and it means, in the matter of inheriting and payment of blood-monies.

So the Muslim he loves and has alliance for the beloved servants of Allaah, meaning that he restricts his love to those who are beloved and obedient servants of Allaah, and he aids them, so the Muslim is with the Muslims, they are allies to each other. Just as He the Most High said:

وَأُولُو الْأَرْحَامِ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلَىٰ بِبَعْضٍ فِي كِتَابِ اللَّهِ

And blood-relations are more entitled to inheritance from each other as decreed by Allaah. [8:75]

So payment of blood-monies for accidental killing occurs between the Muslims, and it is what is called mutual responsibility. All of this enters into alliance, so there is no alliance between a Muslim and an unbeliever, and love and aiding and inheriting and payment of blood-money and guardianship in marriage and guardianship in legal matters and so on, this does not occur between a Muslim and a disbeliever, rather this is between the Muslims, because of his saying, He the Most High:

وَلَن يَجْعَلَ اللَّهُ لِلْكَافِرِينَ عَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ سَبِيلًا

And Allaah will never give a way to the unbelievers over the believers. [4:141]

So it is obligatory that the believers are distinguished from the disbelievers, so it is not permissible for one who singles out Allaah and obeys the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam to have love and alliance with those who oppose Allaah.

And, Al-Muhaaddah(opposing), means that the person is upon one side, and Allaah and His Messenger and the believers are on the other side, and those who oppose are upon the side of the unbelievers in this opposition.

His saying, “Even if that person is the most closely related to him”: meaning in lineage. So if your close relative is one who opposes Allaah and His Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you to oppose him and to cut off from him, and whoever is an obedient servant of Allaah and an ally to His Messenger, then it is obligatory upon you that you should love him and have alliance with him, even if he be far removed from you in lineage, even if he be a non-arab, or a black person, or a white person, or a red person, it is obligatory upon you to have love and alliance for him and that you love him, whether he is from your land, or whether he is from the farthest place in the East, or the farthest place in the West. He the Most High said:

وَالْمُؤْمِنُونَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتُ بَعْضُهُمْ أَوْلِيَاءُ بَعْضٍ

And the believing men and the believing women are friends and allies to each other. [9:71]

Meaning: between them there is love and mutual help and mutual aid, and between them there is to be affection, this is between the believers.


Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

And the proof is His saying, He the Most High:

لَّا تَجِدُ قَوْمًا يُؤْمِنُونَ بِاللَّهِ وَالْيَوْمِ الْآخِرِ يُوَادُّونَ مَنْ حَادَّ اللَّهَ وَرَسُولَهُ وَلَوْ كَانُوا آبَاءَهُمْ أَوْ أَبْنَاءَهُمْ أَوْ إِخْوَانَهُمْ أَوْ عَشِيرَتَهُمْ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ وَأَيَّدَهُم بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ ۖ وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا ۚ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ ۚ أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّهِ ۚ أَلَا إِنَّ حِزْبَ اللَّهِ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ

You will not find a people who truly believe in Allaah and the Last Day loving those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger even if they are their fathers or their sons or their brothers or their kinsfolk. Rather Allaah has ordained true faith for their hearts and has strengthened them with strength from Him and He will enter them into gardens which have rivers flowing beneath their trees they shall remain forever therein. Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him. They are the party of Allaah. Indeed the party of Allaah are the ones who will be successful. [58:22]11


[11]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, He the Most High,

لَّا تَجِدُ You will not find”: this is an address to the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam meaning: this will not happen and will never exist, that one who is a true believer in Allaah and His Messenger will love the disbelievers, so if a person does love them, then he is not a true believer, even if he claims to be.

Ibn-ul-Qayyim rahimahullaah said in Al-Kaafiyat-ush-Shaafiyah:

Do you love the enemies of the beloved One and still claim,

That you love Him? That is not possible 

And likewise you strive hard to oppose those He loves,

Where is the love O brother of Satan?

So this is not possible ever, that he loves the disbelievers, whilst he says, “I love Allaah and His Messenger”, because of His saying, He the Most High:

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا لَا تَتَّخِذُوا عَدُوِّي وَعَدُوَّكُمْ أَوْلِيَاءَ تُلْقُونَ إِلَيْهِم بِالْمَوَدَّةِ

O you who believe do not take My enemies and your enemies as friends and allies, for whom you have affection [60:1]

Up until His saying:

قَدْ كَانَتْ لَكُمْ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ فِي إِبْرَاهِيمَ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ إِذْ قَالُوا لِقَوْمِهِمْ إِنَّا بُرَآءُ مِنكُمْ وَمِمَّا تَعْبُدُونَ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ كَفَرْنَا بِكُمْ وَبَدَا بَيْنَنَا وَبَيْنَكُمُ الْعَدَاوَةُ وَالْبَغْضَاءُ أَبَدًا حَتَّىٰ تُؤْمِنُوا بِاللَّهِ وَحْدَهُ

There is for you a fine example in Ibraaheem and those with him, when they said to their people, “We are free of you and whatever you worship besides Allaah, we have rejected you, and there has appeared between us and you enmity and hatred forever until you truly believe in Allaah and single Him out with all worship. [60:4]

And His saying:

وَمَا كَانَ اسْتِغْفَارُ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لِأَبِيهِ إِلَّا عَن مَّوْعِدَةٍ وَعَدَهَا إِيَّاهُ فَلَمَّا تَبَيَّنَ لَهُ أَنَّهُ عَدُوٌّ لِّلَّهِ تَبَرَّأَ مِنْهُ ۚ إِنَّ إِبْرَاهِيمَ لَأَوَّاهٌ حَلِيمٌ

And Ibraaheem’s seeking forgiveness for his father was only because of a promise which he had made to him. So when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allaah, then he dissociated himself from him. Indeed Ibraaheem is one who frequently supplicated to His Lord and who was forbearing. [9:114]

This is the religious way of Ibraaheem. He dissociated himself from his father, the closest of the people to him, when it became clear to him that he was an enemy to Allaah.

And the aayah shows that having love for an unbeliever negates true faith in Allaah and in the Last Day, either in its very origin, or with regards to its completion. However, if love of them has with it supporting what they are upon and their unbelief, then this is to exit from the fold of Islaam, but if it is just having love without aiding them, then this is counted as something which causes a person’s eemaan (belief) to be deficient and is fisq (open sin) and something which weakens eemaan.

It is said that this aayah came down with regard to Aboo ‘Ubaidah ibn al-Jarraah radiy Allaahu ‘anhu, when he killed his father on the day of Badr, because his father was upon unbelief, and he wanted to kill his son Aboo ‘Ubaidah, but Aboo ‘Ubaidah radiy Allaahu ‘anhu killed him, because he was an enemy to Allaah and he was not prevented by that fact that it was his father, that did not prevent him from killing him out of anger for the sake of Allaah the Perfect and Most High.

His saying, “Those ones”: meaning those who keep away from loving and having affection for those oppose Allaah and His Messenger.

His saying, He the Most High:

كَتَبَ فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْإِيمَانَ

He (Allaah) ordained eemaan for their hearts [58:22]

Meaning Allaah confirmed and firmly planted eemaan in their hearts.

His saying, He the Most High:

وَأَيَّدَهُم بِرُوحٍ مِّنْهُ ۖ وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ

And He strengthened them with a Rooh from Him, and He willl enter them into gardens beneath which rivers flow.[58:22]

At-Ta’yeed means strengthening, He strengthened them with a Rooh from Him.

And the word Ar-Rooh has a number of different usages in the Qur’aan, from them is Ar-Rooh which is the spirit through which there is life, and from them is revelation as occurs in His saying, He the Most High:

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَوْحَيْنَا إِلَيْكَ رُوحًا مِّنْ أَمْرِنَا

And likewise We sent down by revelation to you a Rooh (revelation) by Our command. [42:52]

And from them is Jibreel ‘alaihissalaam, that he is Rooh-ul-Qudus (the Pure Spirit), and Ar-Rooh-ul-’Ameen (the Trustworthy Spirit).

He the Most High said:

قُلْ نَزَّلَهُ رُوحُ الْقُدُسِ مِن رَّبِّكَ بِالْحَقِّ لِيُثَبِّتَ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَهُدًى وَبُشْرَىٰ لِلْمُسْلِمِينَ

Say: the Pure Spirit (Jibreel ‘alaihissalaam) brought it (the Qur’aan) down from your Lord in truth, to make those who believe firm and as guidance and as good news for the Muslims (those who submit to Allaah’s commands) [16:102]

And He the Most High said:

نَزَلَ بِهِ الرُّوحُ الْأَمِينُ

The Trustworthy Spirit (Jibreel ‘alaihissalaam) descended with it (the Qur’aan). [26:193]

And from them is what occurs in this aayah and it is strength.

So, “Ayyadahum bi roohimminh”, meaning with strength from Him, He the Perfect and Most High, strength of true faith in the world, and in the hereafter:

وَيُدْخِلُهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ

And He will enter them into gardens [58:22] 

The plural of jannaah, and the jannah in the language, it means a garden. It is called a jannaah because it is mujtannun bil-ashjaar (hidden or concealed by trees), meaning hidden and covered by intertwined trees, because paradise contains shade and trees and rivers and palaces, and its highest part and its ceiling is the Throne of the Most Merciful, the Perfect and Most High.

His saying, He the Most High:

تَجْرِي مِن تَحْتِهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا

With rivers flowing beneath it they will remain therein forever [58:22] 

Meaning, they will remain in it and will not move away from it. He the Most High said:

 لَا يَبْغُونَ عَنْهَا حِوَلًا

They will not want to move away from it [18:108]

They will not fear death and they will not have to fear anyone forcing them out or evicting them, as occurs in this world. A person in this world may live in palaces, however he is not secure from death so that he has to depart from them, nor is he secure from enemies overcoming him and expelling him. A person in this world is always fearful.

And His saying, He the Most High:

رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ

Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him [58:22]

Since they angered their close relatives who were unbelievers and had enmity towards them, so they will receive in replacement the pleasure of Allaah the Perfect and Most  High, Allaah will be pleased with them and they are pleased with him.

His saying, He the Most High:

أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ اللَّهِ

They are the party of Allaah [58:22]

Meaning: the group of people for Allaah, and as for the disbelievers, then they are the party of Satan, just as Allaah the Most High said about them:

 أُولَٰئِكَ حِزْبُ الشَّيْطَانِ

They are the party of Satan [58:19] 

Meaning the group of people for Satan and the helpers of Satan. As for those people (i.e. the believers) then they are the supporters of the Lord.

So this matter relates to having enmity towards the disbelievers and not having love and alliance for them. And it does not necessitate that we cut off from the disbelievers in social matters and matters of worldly benefit. Rather a number of affairs are an exception to that:

The first one is: that along with our hatred of them and our enmity to them, then it is obligatory that we call them to Allaah the Perfect and Most High. It is obligatory that we call them to Allaah and we do not leave them and just say, “They are enemies of Allaah and our enemies.” It is obligatory upon us that we call them to Allaah so perhaps Allaah may guide them. And if they do not respond, then we fight them along with the ability.[1] So either then they will enter into Islaam, or they will pay the jizyah (an amount of money that is given over to the Muslims), if they are from the Jews and Christians or the Magians, whilst they are humbled and submitting to the rule of Islaam, and they are then left upon what they are upon. However, with the condition that they jizyah is handed over and that they submit to the rule of Islaam. However, if they are not people of the Two Books and they are not Magians, then there is disagreement between the scholars about taking jizyah from them.

[1] [Meaning the Muslims united under a Muslim ruler, i.e. the army of Muslims, with the ability to do so.]

Secondly: there is nothing to prevent having a truce with the unbelievers when there is a need, if the Muslims have need of it, because of the fact that the Muslims are not able to fight against them, and there is fear for the Muslims from their evil, then there is no harm in having a truce until the Muslims become strong enough to fight them, or if they request a truce:

وَإِن جَنَحُوا لِلسَّلْمِ فَاجْنَحْ لَهَا

And if they incline towards peace, then you incline to it [8:61]

Then a truce is made with them. However it will not be a perpetual truce, rather a temporary peace with a time-limit in accordance with the view of the ruler of the Muslims regarding what is beneficial.

Thirdly: there is nothing to prevent returning their fine treatment, if they treat the Muslims well, there is nothing to prevent returning their fine treatment. Allaah the Most High said:

لَّا يَنْهَاكُمُ اللَّهُ عَنِ الَّذِينَ لَمْ يُقَاتِلُوكُمْ فِي الدِّينِ وَلَمْ يُخْرِجُوكُم مِّن دِيَارِكُمْ أَن تَبَرُّوهُمْ وَتُقْسِطُوا إِلَيْهِمْ ۚ إِنَّ اللَّهَ يُحِبُّ الْمُقْسِطِينَ

Allaah does not forbid you from those who do not fight against you with regard to the religion and who do not expel you from your homes from treating them well and treating them with justice. Allaah loves those who treat the people justly. [60:8]

Fourthly: the father who is a disbeliever, it is obligatory upon his son who is Muslim to treat him well. However he should not obey him with regard to unbelief, because of His saying, He the Most High:

وَوَصَّيْنَا الْإِنسَانَ بِوَالِدَيْهِ حَمَلَتْهُ أُمُّهُ وَهْنًا عَلَىٰ وَهْنٍ وَفِصَالُهُ فِي عَامَيْنِ أَنِ اشْكُرْ لِي وَلِوَالِدَيْكَ إِلَيَّ الْمَصِيرُ

وَإِن جَاهَدَاكَ عَلَىٰ أَن تُشْرِكَ بِي مَا لَيْسَ لَكَ بِهِ عِلْمٌ فَلَا تُطِعْهُمَا ۖ وَصَاحِبْهُمَا فِي الدُّنْيَا مَعْرُوفًا ۖ وَاتَّبِعْ سَبِيلَ مَنْ أَنَابَ إِلَيَّ ۚ ثُمَّ إِلَيَّ مَرْجِعُكُمْ فَأُنَبِّئُكُم بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَعْمَلُونَ

And We commanded man to treat his parents well, his mother bore him upon a state of weakness and hardship upon weakness and hardship, and his weaning was in two years. We enjoin him to give thanks to Me and to your parents, to Me is your return. And if they strive to make you associate something along with Me, that which you have no knowledge of, then do not obey them, but live along with them in this world in a good manner and follow the path of those who turn to Me. [31:14-15]

The parent has a right, even if he is an unbeliever. However, you should not love him with love of the heart, rather you recompense him for having brought you up and for the fact that he is a father and he has a right,so you recompense him for that.

Fifthly: having mutual business dealings with them, and buying needs from them, and importing goods and weapons from them by paying their price, there is no harm in that. And the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam used to have dealings with the disbelievers. Likewise he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam dealt with the people of Khaibar and they were Jews upon the basis that they would farm the land in exchange for a part of its produce. This is not from alliance and love, rather it is affairs of mutual benefit. It is obligatory that we are aware of these matters, and that they do not enter into love and alliance and are not something prohibited.

And likewise taking a loan from them, the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam took some food from a Jew as a debt and he left his coat of armour as a surety with him and he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam died and his coat of armour was left as a surety with the Jew, for some food which he bought for his family. There is nothing to prevent this because these are worldly matters and matters of welfare and it does not indicate love and affection in the hearts. So we must differentiate between this and this, because there are some people, who when he hears the texts of enmity towards the unbelievers and not loving them, then he may understand that he cannot have any dealings with them and cannot have any connection with them whatsoever, and that there is to be a total cut-off from them. No, this is something limited by rulings and limits and conditions which are well known with the people of knowledge, which are taken from the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

Sixthly: Allaah has permitted marriage to the women of the people of the Book with the condition that they are chaste with regard to their honour and dignity. And Allaah has made permissible for us to eat the meat slaughtered by them.

Seventhly: that there is no harm in responding to their invitations and eating their food which is permissible, just as the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam did.

Eighthly: is treating neighbours who are disbelievers well, because they have the right of being neighbours.

Ninthly: it is not permissible to wrong or oppress them. He the Most High said:

وَلَا يَجْرِمَنَّكُمْ شَنَآنُ قَوْمٍ عَلَىٰ أَلَّا تَعْدِلُوا ۚ اعْدِلُوا هُوَ أَقْرَبُ لِلتَّقْوَىٰ

And let not hatred of a people prevent you from treating them justly. Do justice, it is closer to taqwaa (dutifulness to Allaah). [5:8]

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

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The Masaajid are to be for Allaah alone, so do not invoke anyone along with Allaah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 10 : Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

And the proof is His saying, He the Most High:

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا

And that masaajid (the places of prayer) are to be for Allaah alone, so do not invoke anyone along with Allaah. [72:18] 9


[9]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

Allaah is not pleased that anyone should be associated with Him, no matter who it is, and this is stated clearly in the Book and in the Sunnah, however, to one who uses the intellect and who thinks carefully, and who discards blind following and the use of false and futile excuses, and who is alert to his own benefit. And the proof that Allaah is not pleased that anyone else besides Him should be associated with Him no matter who it is, is His saying, He the Most High:

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا

And that the places of prayer are to be for Allaah alone, so do not invoke anyone along with Allaah. [72:18] 

Al-Masaajid (the mosques), are the houses of Allaah and they are the places which are prepared for the Salaah (prayer) and they are the most beloved of places to Allaah, and they are houses which Allaah has commanded should be raised and in which His Name should be mentioned. Then these mosques must be made a place for the worship of Allaah alone, nothing for other than Allaah must occur within them, so graves are not to be built in them, nor tombs because the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam cursed those who did that, and he informed that this is the practice of the Jews and the Christians and he forbade us from that at the end of his life, whilst he was in the throes of death ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam with his saying:

ألا إن من كان قبلكم كانوا يتخذون القبور مساجد

 ألا فلا تتخذوا القبور مساجد فإني أﻧﻬاكم عن ذلك

“Indeed those who came before you used to take the graves as places of prayer…”  (he said this whilst he was dying), “…Indeed do not take the graves as places of prayer, for I certainly forbid you from that.”[1]

And he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

لعنة الله على اليهود والنصارى اتخذوا قبور أنبيائهم مساجد

“Allaah’s curse is upon the Jews and the Christians, they took the graves of their Prophets as places of prayer.”[2]

So the mosques, it is obligatory that they be purified from traces of shirk and idolatory and that they not be built upon the graves, nor should the dead be buried in them after they have been built, rather they should be places for the worship of Allaah alone, the prayer should be established in them, and the Name of Allaah should be mentioned in them, and the Qur’aan should be recited in them, and beneficial lessons should be established in them, and people should remain in them for worship. This is the role of the mosques.

As for having in them idols which are worshipped besides Allaah, then these are not mosques, these are shrines of shirk, even if their people call them mosques, because Allaah says:

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ

And that the mosques, the places of prayer, are for Allaah [72:18]

Meaning: not for anyone else besides Him. And because the mosques, they are the places where the people gather and meet, so it is obligatory that they should be pure and free of shirk and bid‘ah (innovations) and false superstitions, because the people acquire knowledge in them and worship, so if anything from shirk and false superstitions are found in the mosques, then they will be influenced by that and they will propagate it upon earth, so it is obligatory that mosques should be purified from shirk.

And the greatest of them is al-Masjid-ul-Haraam (the Sacred Mosque, in Makkaah), just as Allaah, the Majestic and Most High commanded that it should be purified, He the Most High said:

وَإِذْ بَوَّأْنَا لِإِبْرَاهِيمَ مَكَانَ الْبَيْتِ أَن لَّا تُشْرِكْ بِي شَيْئًا وَطَهِّرْ بَيْتِيَ لِلطَّائِفِينَ وَالْقَائِمِينَ وَالرُّكَّعِ السُّجُودِ

And remember when We showed the site for the House to Ibraaheem and commanded him, that you should not associate anything with Me, and purify My house, for those people who are performing Tawaaf and for those who are standing in prayer and performing the bowing and prostration. [22:26]

Purify it from what? Purify it from shirk, and from innovations and false superstitions, just as it is also to be purified from impurities and filthy things.

So His saying, He the Most High:

 لَا تَدْعُو

Do not call upon or invoke [72:18]

The, “laa”, is the, ‘no of prohibition’. And the, “tad‘oo”, is a present tense verb which is in the jussive form because of the prohibiting, “laa”, and the sign that it is the jussive form is the removal of the, ‘noon’. So the factor which makes it jussive is the, ‘no of prohibition’.

So do not invoke, O people, anyone along with Allaah, do not supplicate for help from anyone along with Allaah, such as saying, “O Allaah, O Muhammad”, “O Allaah, O Abd-ul-Qaadir”, or saying, “O Abd-ul-Qaadir, O Muhammad”, or the like of that, because Allaah is not pleased with that and will not accept it.

And His saying He the Most High, “ahadan”, (anyone): is in indefinite form in the context of a prohibition, so therefore it is general to everyone, no-one is excepted, neither any angel drawn close nor any prophet sent, nor any idol, nor any object of worship, nor any grave, nor any Shaikh, nor any beloved servant of Allaah, nor any living person, nor any dead person, no matter who it is.

So it is general covering everyone who is called upon besides Allaah

فَلَا تَدْعُوا مَعَ اللَّهِ أَحَدًا

So do not call upon, do not invoke anyone along with Allaah. [72:18]

So this aayah shows that worship will not benefit except with tawheed, and that if shirk is mixed with it, then it becomes null and void and it will be an affliction for the person. Then He the Most High said:

وَأَنَّ الْمَسَاجِدَ لِلَّهِ

And the places of prayer are for Allaah [72:18]

It is obligatory that they be built purely and sincerely, that the intention of the one building them should not be to show off or to be heard of or to be remembered as they say, or to be just Islamic antiquities, all of this is futile.

Mosques should be built for worship and with the intention of worship, and the intention in them should be purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and also they should be built from good and pure earnings, they should not be built from forbidden earnings because they are for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and:

الله لا يقبل إلا طيبا

Allah does not accept except what is good and pure[3]

So the mosques are to be built from lawful spending and the intention of their builders is that it is to be done purely and sincerely seeking the Face of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, he should not intend by building it to obtain praise from the people, or to be remembered, or for show of, or to be heard of, because building the mosques is worship and worship, it is obligatory that it should be done purely and sincerely for Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

Footnotes

[1]  Reported by Muslim as hadeeth 532 from a hadeeth of Jundub ibn ‘Abdillaah al-Bajalee radiy Allaahu ‘anhu.

[2] Reported by al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 435 and 436 and by Muslim as hadeeth 531 from a hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah and of Ibn ‘Abbaas radiy Allaahu ‘anhuma.

[3]  Reported by Muslim hadeeth 1015 from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiy Allaahu ‘anhu with the wording that Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said, “O mankind, Allaah is Pure, He does not accept except what is good and pure.”

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

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Neither any Angel brought near, nor any Messenger sent – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 09 : Part B
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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[Pevious Class]

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

المَسْأَلَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ:  أَنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَرْضَى أَنْ يُشْرَكَ مَعَهُ أَحَدٌ غَيرُهُ فِي عِبَادَتِهِ

The second matter: that Allaah is not pleased that anyone else should be associated with Him in worship of Him

[In this Audio]

لاَ مَلَكٌ مُقَرَّبٌ وَلاَ نَبِيٌّ مُرْسَلٌ

Neither any angel brought near, nor any Messenger sent.8


[8]: Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “Neither any angel brought near, nor any Messenger sent”: the angel brought near – this is the most excellent ones from the angels such as Jibreel ‘alaihissalaam, and the bearers of the Throne, and those around it, and the angels drawn close to Allaah the Perfect and Most High. So despite the closeness of their place to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and their drawing close to Him with worship and their status with Allaah, if anyone were to associate them along with Allaah in worship then Allaah will not be pleased that an angel drawn close is associated with Him, nor any Prophet sent, such as Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, and ‘Eesaa and Nooh and Ibraaheem, those Messengers who are firmest in resolve. He is not pleased that anyone should be associated with Him even if it be one of the most excellent of the angels, even if it be one of the most excellent of mankind.

So He is not pleased that anyone should be associated along with Him from the angels nor from the Messengers. So how about other than them from the beloved servants of Allaah and righteous people, so other than the angels and the Messengers it will be even more the case that Allaah is not pleased that they be associated with Him in worship. And this is a refutation of those people who claim that they take the righteous people and the beloved servants of Allaah as intercessors with Allaah in order to draw them closer to Allaah, just as the people of the days of ignorance used to say:

مَا نَعْبُدُهُمْ إِلَّا لِيُقَرِّبُونَا إِلَى اللَّهِ زُلْفَىٰ

We do not worship them except so that they should draw us closer to Allaah (by interceding for us with Allaah) [39:3]

Otherwise they believed that those ones whom they took, they do not create and they do not give provision and they do not possess power over death nor life nor resurrection. Rather their intention was just to take them as intermediaries with Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and therefore they directed some worship towards them to draw them closer to them, so they made sacrifices for the graves, and they made vows for the graves and they supplicated for aid and called upon the dead.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Allaah is not pleased that anyone else should be associated with Him in worship of Him – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 09 : Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Allaah the Perfect and Most High is not pleased that anyone else should be associated in worship with Him

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

المَسْأَلَةُ الثَّانِيَةُ:  أَنَّ اللهَ لاَ يَرْضَى أَنْ يُشْرَكَ مَعَهُ أَحَدٌ غَيرُهُ فِي عِبَادَتِهِ

The second matter: that Allaah is not pleased that anyone else should be associated with Him in worship of Him7


[7]: Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzan’s Explanation

This matter is connected to the first matter, because the first one was an explanation of the obligation of worshipping Allaah, and of following the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam and it is the meaning of the shahaadatain (two testifications), the meaning of the testification that, ‘None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah’, and the testification that, ‘Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah’. And the second matter is that worship, if it has shirk mixed with it, then it will not be accepted, because it is essential that worship is done purely for the Face of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

So therefore whoever worships Allaah, and worships something else along with Him, then the worship of him is futile or null and void. Its presence is just the same as its absence, because worship will not benefit except with ikhlaas (i.e. it is done purely for Allaah) and tawheed. So if it is mixed with shirk then it is corrupted, just as he the Most High said:

وَلَقَدْ أُوحِيَ إِلَيْكَ وَإِلَى الَّذِينَ مِن قَبْلِكَ لَئِنْ أَشْرَكْتَ لَيَحْبَطَنَّ عَمَلُكَ وَلَتَكُونَنَّ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

And it was revealed to you (O Muhammad) and to those Messengers who came before you, that if you associate anything with Allaah then all your deeds will be rendered null and void, and then you would certainly be from the losers. [39:65]

And the Perfect said:

وَلَوْ أَشْرَكُوا لَحَبِطَ عَنْهُم مَّا كَانُوا يَعْمَلُونَ

And if they committed shirk (associated anything along with Allaah) then whatever deeds they had done would be rendered null and void. [6:88]

So worship is not called worship except along with tawheed, just as the salaah (prayer) is not called salaah except along with purification. So if shirk is mixed with worship, it corrupts it and nullifies it, just as is the case with purification, if it is mixed with one of those things which break the wudoo’ then that corrupts it and nullifies it, and therefore Allaah in many aayahs of the Qur’aan joins the command to worship Him and the prohibition of shirk.

He the Most High said:

وَاعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَلَا تُشْرِكُوا بِهِ شَيْئًا

And worship Allaah and do not associate anything along with Him [4:36]

وَمَا أُمِرُوا إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ مُخْلِصِينَ لَهُ الدِّينَ حُنَفَاءَ وَيُقِيمُوا الصَّلَاةَ وَيُؤْتُوا الزَّكَاةَ ۚ وَذَٰلِكَ دِينُ الْقَيِّمَةِ

And they were not commanded except that they should worship Allaah making the religion purely and sincerely for Him, upon the true religion of tawheed, turning away from shirk. [98:5]

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن قَبْلِكَ مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا نُوحِي إِلَيْهِ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ

And We did not send before you a Messenger except that We revealed to him that none has the right to be worshipped except Me so therefore worship Me alone. [21:25]

لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا أَنَا فَاعْبُدُونِ

None has the right to be worshipped except Me [21:25]

This contains two matters: it contains a negation of shirk and it contains affirmation of worship for Allaah the Most High.

وَقَضَىٰ رَبُّكَ أَلَّا تَعْبُدُوا إِلَّا إِيَّاهُ

And your Lord commanded that you should not worship except Him [17:23]

وَلَقَدْ بَعَثْنَا فِي كُلِّ أُمَّةٍ رَّسُولًا أَنِ اعْبُدُوا اللَّهَ وَاجْتَنِبُوا الطَّاغُوتَ

And We sent a Messenger to every nation, commanding worship Allaah and avoid atTaaghoot (all false objects of worship). [16:36]

So He joined between the worship of Allaah and avoiding the Taaghoot (all the false objects of worship), because the worship of Allaah will not be worship except with avoiding the Taaghoot, and that is shirk. He the Most High said:

فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا

So whoever rejects the Taaghoot and truly believes in Allaah, and that Allaah alone has the right to be worshipped, then he has clung on to the firmest hand-hold which will never break [2:256]

So truly believing in Allaah is not sufficient except with rejection of atTaaghoot, otherwise the mushrikoon (the people of shirk) they believed in Allaah, however they associated others in worship with Him:

وَمَا يُؤْمِنُ أَكْثَرُهُم بِاللَّهِ إِلَّا وَهُم مُّشْرِكُونَ

And most of them do not believe except that they associate others in their worship of Allaah [12:106]

So He the Perfect makes it clear that they had belief in Allaah, however they corrupted it with shirk (association of others in worship of Allaah), and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

This is meaning of the saying of the Shaikh (author), that whoever worshipped Allaah and obeyed the Messenger, then he may not associate anything in worship along with Allaah, because Allaah is not pleased that anything be associated with Him in His worship.

He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said in that which he reported from his Lord, the Mighty and Majestic, Allaah the Most High said:

أنا أغنى الشركاء عن الشرك ، من عمل عملا أشرك معي فيه غيري تركته وشركه

“I am the One having no need of any association of worship. Whoever does an action in which he associates anyone else along with Me, then I will abandon him and his shirk.”[1]

[1] Reported by Muslim as a hadeeth of Aboo Huraira (radiy Allaahu ‘anhu).

So there are people who pray the salaah, and they bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and they do that plentifully, and they fast and they perform the Hajj. However, they make supplication to tombs, and they perform worship of Al-Hasan and Al-Husain and Al-Badawee and so-and-so and so-and-so, and they call for relief from the dead. Those people their worship is false and futile, because they have associated others with Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, they have mixed worship with shirk so their deeds are futile and nullified, until they single out Allaah the Mighty and Majestic with worship and they make worship purely for Him and they abandon the worship of everything else besides Him.

Otherwise they will be upon nothing, so it is obligatory to draw attention to this, because Allaah is not pleased that anything should be associated with Him in His worship, anyone no matter who it is. He the Perfect is not pleased that anyone should be associated with Him no matter who it may be, so that no-one should say, “I take the beloved servants of Allaah, the righteous people and the good people as intercessors. I do not worship the idols and images as they used to do in the times of ignorance. I only take these ones as intercessors, I do not worship them.” So we say to him: This was the saying of the people in the times of ignorance, they took them as intercessors with Allaah because they were righteous people and beloved servants from the beloved servants of Allaah. But Allaah is not pleased with this.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Whoever obeys the Messenger will enter paradise, and whoever disobeys him will enter the fire – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 08
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Previous Classes:

[The first matter is that Allaah created us and gave us provision and did not leave us without purpose] – [Rather He sent a Messenger to us]

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

فَمَنْ أَطَاعَهُ دَخَلَ الجَنَّةَ وَمَنْ عَصَاهُ دَخَلَ النَّارَ

So whoever obeys him will enter paradise, and whoever disobeys him will enter the fire.5


[5]: Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “Whoever obeys him”: meaning in that which he commands, then he will enter paradise. And his saying, “And whoever disobeys him”: in that which he forbade, then he will enter the fire. This is something for which there is a great deal of confirmation in the Qur’aan. He the Most High said:

مَّن يُطِعِ الرَّسُولَ فَقَدْ أَطَاعَ اللَّهَ

Whoever obeys the Messenger, then he has indeed obeyed Allaah. [4:80]

وَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا مِن رَّسُولٍ إِلَّا لِيُطَاعَ بِإِذْنِ اللَّهِ

And We did not send any Messenger except that he should be obeyed by the permission of Allaah. [4:64]

وَإِن تُطِيعُوهُ تَهْتَدُوا

And if you obey him (the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) you will be rightly guided. [24:54]

 وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ لَعَلَّكُمْ تُرْحَمُونَ

And obey the Messenger that you may be shown mercy. [24:56]

So whoever obeys him is guided, and will enter paradise, and whoever disobeys him will be astray and will enter the fire. He sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

كلكم يدخل الجنة إلا من أبى ، قالوا : يا رسول الله ومن يأبى ؟ قال : من أطاعني دخل الجنة ومن عصاني فقد أبى

“All of you will enter paradise except for those who refuse.” They said, ‘O Messenger of Allaah, and who will refuse?’ He said, “Whoever obeys me enters paradise and whoever disobeys me has refused.”[1]

 So his sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam saying, “He has refused”: means he will have refused to enter paradise.

And he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

لا يسمع بي يهودي ولا نصراني ثم لا يؤمن بالذي جئت به إلا دخل النار

“No-one will hear of me, no Jew nor any Christian, and then not believe in that which I came with except that he will enter the fire.”[2]

So whoever obeys him will enter paradise and whoever disobeys him will enter the fire, and this is the distinguishing factor between the true believer and between the disbeliever.


Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

And the proof is His saying, He the Most High:

إِنَّا أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَيْكُمْ رَسُولًا شَاهِدًا عَلَيْكُمْ كَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ رَسُولًا

فَعَصَىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ الرَّسُولَ فَأَخَذْنَاهُ أَخْذًا وَبِيلًا

We sent a Messenger to you as a witness for or against you, just as we sent a Messenger to the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh disobeyed the Messenger so we seized him with a severe punishment. [73:15-16] 6


[6]: Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzan’s Explanation

His saying, “And the proof”: meaning for the sending of the Messenger is His saying, He the Most High:

We sent a Messenger to you as a witness for or against you, just as we sent a Messenger to the Pharaoh. But the Pharaoh disobeyed the Messenger so we seized him with a severe punishment. [73:15-16]

His saying, He the Most High, “Innaa”, the pronoun here (meaning ‘We’) refers to Allaah the Perfect and Most High and this is a pronoun of one declaring his own greatness, because He is indeed Tremendous, the Perfect and Most High.

“We sent”, likewise this pronoun is to show greatness, and the meaning of, “arsalnaa”, is We sent him and sent revelation to him.

The word, “ilaykum”, (to you people), meaning O two weighty species (mankind and the jinn). It is an address to the whole of mankind, because the risaalah (messengership) of this Messenger is universal to all of mankind until the Hour is established.

Rasoolan”, (a Messenger), he is Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam. 

And the phrase:

شَاهِدًا عَلَيْكُمْ كَمَا

As a witness upon you [73:15]

Meaning: with Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, on the Day of Resurrection, a witness that he conveyed to you the message of Allaah, and that he established the proof upon you, just as He the Most High said:

رُّسُلًا مُّبَشِّرِينَ وَمُنذِرِينَ لِئَلَّا يَكُونَ لِلنَّاسِ عَلَى اللَّهِ حُجَّةٌ بَعْدَ الرُّسُلِ

Allaah sent Messengers as bringers of glad tidings for the obedient ones, and as warners for the disobedient ones, so that no plea should remain with the people with Allaah, after the sending of the Messengers. [4:165]

So no-one on the Day of Resurrection will be able to say, “I did not know that I was created for worship, I did not know what was obligatory upon me, I did not know what was forbidden for me”. It will not be possible for someone to say this, because the Messengers ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam conveyed the message to them, and this nation of Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, it will bear witness against them. He the Most High said:

وَكَذَٰلِكَ جَعَلْنَاكُمْ أُمَّةً وَسَطًا لِّتَكُونُوا شُهَدَاءَ عَلَى النَّاسِ وَيَكُونَ الرَّسُولُ عَلَيْكُمْ شَهِيدًا

And likewise We made you the best and a justly balanced nation so that you should be witnesses against mankind, and the Messenger should be a witness upon you. [2:143]

So this nation will bear witness against the previous nations on the Day of Resurrection that their Messengers conveyed the messages of Allaah to them, based upon what they find in the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, because Allaah has narrated to us the news of the previous nations and of the Messengers and of what they said to their nations. All of this we know from the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, which is not approached by falsehood from in front nor from behind, which is revelation sent down by the One who is All-Wise, the One Deserving of All Praise.

And the Messenger he will be … [2:143]

He is Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, he will be upon you, O nation of Muhammad, a witness, he will witness upon you with Allaah that he indeed established the proof upon you and that he conveyed the message to you and that he sincerely advised you for Allaah’s sake. So no proof will remain on the Day of Resurrection for a person to say, “Nothing reached me. No warner came to me”. Even the unbelievers, they will confess when they are thrown into the fire. He the Most High said:

كُلَّمَا أُلْقِيَ فِيهَا فَوْجٌ سَأَلَهُمْ خَزَنَتُهَا أَلَمْ يَأْتِكُمْ نَذِيرٌ

قَالُوا بَلَىٰ قَدْ جَاءَنَا نَذِيرٌ فَكَذَّبْنَا وَقُلْنَا مَا نَزَّلَ اللَّهُ مِن شَيْءٍ إِنْ أَنتُمْ إِلَّا فِي ضَلَالٍ كَبِيرٍ

Whenever a crowd of them are thrown into the fire its keepers will ask them, “Did not a warner come to you?” They will say, “Yes indeed a warner came to us, but we denied, and we said Allaah did not send down anything, you are upon great misguidance.” [67:8-9]

They said to the Messengers, “You are upon misguidance.” So they denied the Messengers and they declared them to be upon misguidance.

This is the wisdom in the sending of the Messengers – to establish the proof upon the people, and to guide whomever Allaah wished to guide. The Messengers, Allaah guides through them whoever He wishes, and He establishes the proof upon those who obstinately refuse and deny and disbelieve.

كَمَا أَرْسَلْنَا إِلَىٰ فِرْعَوْنَ رَسُولًا

Just as we sent a Messenger to Pharaoh [73:15]

The Messenger here is Moosaa ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam and the Pharaoh, he was the tyrannical king in Egypt the one who claimed lordship for himself, and the Pharaoh was the title of every king of Egypt – he was called a Pharaoh. And what is meant by it here is the Pharaoh who claimed ruboobiyyah (lordship) for himself.

فَقَالَ أَنَا رَبُّكُمُ الْأَعْلَىٰ

That he said: “I am you highest lord.” [79:24]

فَعَصَىٰ فِرْعَوْنُ الرَّسُولَ

So the Pharaoh disobeyed the Messenger [73:16]

He was Moosaa, Pharaoh disbelieved in him just as Allaah has narrated in His Book, narrating what occurred between Moosaa and the Pharaoh, and how the affair of the Pharaoh and his people ended up.

فَأَخَذْنَاهُ أَخْذًا وَبِيلًا

So we seized him with punishment [73:16]

Meaning: We seized Pharaoh with punishement and it was that Allaah drowned him, him and his people, in the ocean. Then he entered him into the fire.

مِّمَّا خَطِيئَاتِهِمْ أُغْرِقُوا فَأُدْخِلُوا نَارًا

Because of their sins they were drowned, and they were entered into fire. [71:25]

So he is in the fire in the Barzakh (the intermediate life after death and before the Day of Resurrection). He the Most High said:

النَّارُ يُعْرَضُونَ عَلَيْهَا غُدُوًّا وَعَشِيًّا

The fire, they are exposed to it morning and evening [40:46]

This is in the Barzakh before the hereafter, they are exposed to the fire morning and evening, until the Hour is established, and this is a proof for ‘Adhaab-ul-Qabr (punishment of the grave), and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

وَيَوْمَ تَقُومُ السَّاعَةُ أَدْخِلُوا آلَ فِرْعَوْنَ أَشَدَّ الْعَذَابِ

And on the Day when the Hour is established it will be said, “Enter the people of Pharaoh into the severest torment. [40:46]

This is three punishments:

Firstly: that Allaah drowned them and wiped them out, all of them in a simgle moment.

Secondly: that they are being punished in the Barzakh until the hour is established.

Thirdly: that when they are raised up on the Day of Resurrection they will enter the severest torment, and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

And likewise will be the case with those who disobey Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam, for his outcome will be more severe than the outcome of the people of Pharaoh, because Muhammad is the most excellent one of the Messengers. So whoever disobeys him, his punishment will be worse.

أَخْذًا وَبِيلًا

With severe punishment [73:16]

It means severe and strong with no leniency.

وَكَذَٰلِكَ أَخْذُ رَبِّكَ إِذَا أَخَذَ الْقُرَىٰ وَهِيَ ظَالِمَةٌ ۚ إِنَّ أَخْذَهُ أَلِيمٌ شَدِيدٌ

And thus is the punishment of your Lord when He punishes the towns for their wrongdoing. His punishment is painful and severe. [11:102]

So this aayah is a proof for Allaah’s bestowing favour upon us by the sending of the Messenger Muhammad sallallaahu‘alaihiwasallam to us, and that the purpose behind his being sent is that he should make clear to us the way to worship. So whoever obeys him will enter paradise, and whoever disobeys him will enter the fire, just as the people of Pharoah entered the fire when the disobeyed their messenger Moosaa ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam. 

And likewise the enemies of the Messengers, all of them, this is their way and their path.

Footnotes

[1] Reported by al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 7280 from a hadeeth of Aboo Huraira radiy Allaahu ‘anhu in Kitaab-ul-I‘tisaam with the wording, “Everyone from my Ummah will enter paradise…”

[2] Reported by Muslim as hadeeth 153 from a hadeeth of Aboo Huraira radiyallaahu‘anhu.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Do not worship based upon what you think is good nor upon taqleed (blindly following) – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 07 – Part B
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

[Previous ClassThe first matter is that Allaah created us and gave us provision and did not leave us without purpose]

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

Rather He sent a Messenger to us.4


[4]: Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzan’s Explanation

Since it is the case that we may not carry out worship based upon what we think is good nor upon taqleed (blindly following) so-and-so and so-and-so from the people, then therefore Allaah sent to us Messengers to make clear to us how we are to worship him, because acts of worship are tawqeefiyyah (dependent upon text) it is not permissible that Allaah be worshipped except with that which He has legislated.

So acts of worship are tawqeefiyyah – restricted to text, to that which the Messengers ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam came with. So the wisdom behind sending the Messengers is that they should make clear to the people how they are to worship their Lord, and for them to forbid them from shirk (association of others along with Allaah) and from kufr (disbelief) in Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. This is the duty of the Messengers ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam. And therefore he ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam said:

من عمل عم لا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever does an action which our affair is not in accordance with, then it will be rejected”.[1] 

So worship is tawqeefiyyah (dependent upon text), and bid‘a (innovations) are rejected, and baseless superstitions and ideas are rejected and blind following is rejected. Acts of worship are not taken except from the sharee‘ah (revealed law) which the Messenger sallallaahu alaihi wa sallaam came with.

His saying, “Rather He sent to us a Messenger”: he is Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallaam the seal, the last one of the Prophets. He sent him to make clear to us why we were created, and to make clear to us how we are to worship Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and to forbid us from shirk and kufr (unbelief) and from sins. This was the duty of the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallaam, and he clearly conveyed the message and he fulfilled the trust which was given to him, and he gave sincere advice to the nation ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam, and he explained fully and made clear, and he left us upon a clear white ground, its night is just the same as its day, no-one deviates away from it except one who is destroyed, and this is just as is in His saying, He the Most High:

الْيَوْمَ أَكْمَلْتُ لَكُمْ دِينَكُمْ وَأَتْمَمْتُ عَلَيْكُمْ نِعْمَتِي وَرَضِيتُ لَكُمُ الْإِسْلَامَ دِينًا

This day have I completed your religion for you and perfected my favour upon you and are pleased for you with Islaam as your religion. [5:3]

Footnotes:

[1] Its checking has preceded. (Mentioned by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form as hadeeth 7350 in the Book of clinging to the Book and the Sunnah Chapter 20. And the Hadeeth is reported by Muslim with a fully connected chain as a hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah radiyallaahu ‘anhaa.)

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Allaah created us and gave us provision and Did not Leave us without Purpose – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 07 – Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Belief that Allaah created us and gave us provision and did not leave us without purpose. 

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

The first matter is that Allaah created us and gave us provision and did not leave us without purpose.3


[3]:

His saying, “The first: that Allaah created us”: meaning, He produced us from non-existence, so before we were created we were nothing, just as He the Most High said:

هَلْ أَتَىٰ عَلَى الْإِنسَانِ حِينٌ مِّنَ الدَّهْرِ لَمْ يَكُن شَيْئًا مَّذْكُورًا

Has there not come upon man a time-period when he was nothing worthy of mention. [76:1]

And He, the One free of all imperfections said: 

قَالَ كَذَٰلِكَ قَالَ رَبُّكَ هُوَ عَلَيَّ هَيِّنٌ وَقَدْ خَلَقْتُكَ مِن قَبْلُ وَلَمْ تَكُ شَيْئًا

He said: that is the case, however your Lord has said, “It is easy for Me and I have already created you before, when you were nothing.” [19:9]

Man, before he was created was nothing, and the One who brought him into existence and created him is Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. He the Most High said:

أَمْ خُلِقُوا مِنْ غَيْرِ شَيْءٍ أَمْ هُمُ الْخَالِقُونَ

Were they brought into existence without any creator, or are they themselves their own creators? [52:35]

His saying, “and He gave us provision”: since we need provision, we need food and drink and clothing and habitations and transport and requirements then He the Perfect, He knew our needs, so therefore He made subservient for us whatever is in the heavens and the earth all of it for our welfare in order for us to be able to remain alive, and in order for us to use that to help us upon the purpose for which we were created – which is the worship of Allaah, the Perfect and Most High.

His saying, “and He did not leave us without purpose”: Al-Haml it means something which is neglected and abandoned which no-one cares about. So Allaah created us and gave us provision for a wise purpose, He did not create us in vain, nor without purpose. He the Most High said:

أَفَحَسِبْتُمْ أَنَّمَا خَلَقْنَاكُمْ عَبَثًا وَأَنَّكُمْ إِلَيْنَا لَا تُرْجَعُونَ

Do you think that you were created uselessly and that you will not be returned to us? [23:115]

And He the Perfect said:

أَيَحْسَبُ الْإِنسَانُ أَن يُتْرَكَ سُدًى

أَلَمْ يَكُ نُطْفَةً مِّن مَّنِيٍّ يُمْنَىٰ

ثُمَّ كَانَ عَلَقَةً فَخَلَقَ فَسَوَّىٰ

Does man think that he will be left without any duties? Was he not previously a drop of semen emitted, then he became a clot, then Allaah created and fashioned him as a human in due proportion? [75:36-38] 

And He said:

وَمَا خَلَقْنَا السَّمَاءَ وَالْأَرْضَ وَمَا بَيْنَهُمَا بَاطِلًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ ظَنُّ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۚ فَوَيْلٌ لِّلَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا مِنَ النَّارِ

And We did not create the heavens and the earth and whatever is between them without purpose. That is the assumption of those who disbelieve, so woe to those who disbelieve from the Fire! [38:27]

Allaah only created us and created these provisions for us and these faculties for a tremendous wisdom and a tremendous purpose and it is that we should worship Him, He the Perfect and Most High.  And He did not create us like cattle, which were created for the welfare of the servants, then they will die and pass away because they are not duty-bound, they were not commanded and they were not forbidden. Rather He created us for His worship, just as He the Most High said:

وَمَا خَلَقْتُ الْجِنَّ وَالْإِنسَ إِلَّا لِيَعْبُدُونِ

مَا أُرِيدُ مِنْهُم مِّن رِّزْقٍ وَمَا أُرِيدُ أَن يُطْعِمُونِ

إِنَّ اللَّهَ هُوَ الرَّزَّاقُ ذُو الْقُوَّةِ الْمَتِينُ

And I did not create jinn and mankind except to worship Me alone. I do not desire from them any provision and I do not want that they should feed Me. Indeed Allaah, He is the Great Provider, the Possessor of Tremendous Power, the Strong. [51:56-58]

And He did not create us just for the life of this world that we should live in it and roam  around freely and make merry and eat and drink and make ourselves at home in it and that there is nothing after it. Rather life is a planting-ground and a market place for the next life so that we should equip ourselves in it with righteous deeds. Then we will die and move on from it, then we will be resurrected, then we will be taken account of, then we will be recompensed in accordance with our deeds.

This is the purpose behind the creation of the jinn and mankind. And the proof for that is many aayahs which prove al-Ba‘ath (the raising to life after death) and an-Nushoor (the resurrection) and al-Jazaa’ (the recompensing) and al-Hisaab (the reckoning). And the intellect proves this, because it would not befit the Wisdom of Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, that He should create this amazing creation, and that he should subject this creation to the descendents of Aadam, and then just leave them to die and pass away without any result, this would be futile play, so the results of these deeds must certainly appear in the next abode.

And therefore, there can be from the people those who spend their whole lives in the worship of Allaah and in obedience to Him, and yet he is in poverty and is needy and maybe he is one who is oppressed and hard-pressed and who suffers difficulty and he does not attain anything from the reward of his actions in this world. And vice versa, that from the people there can be a person who is an unbeliever, an evil atheist who roams around as he wishes and makes merry in this life. He enjoys a life of luxury and he is given whatever he desires, and he commits that which Allaah has made forbidden, and he oppresses the people, and he transgresses against them and he devours their wealth and he kills people without any right, and he overcomes and he behaves tyrannically, and then he dies upon that condition, he has not been struck with anything from punishment. Does it befit the Justice of Allaah the Perfect and Most High and His Wisdom that He should leave this obedient person without any reward and that he should leave this unbeliever without any recompense? This does not befit His Justice, the Perfect and Most High, and therefore He has made the next abode to recompense this doer of good for the good which he did, and this doer of evil for the evil which he did. So in it the fruits of deeds will become apparent.

So this world is the an abode of action, but as for the hereafter then it is an abode of recompense, either paradise or the fire, and he did not leave us without purpose as is thought by the atheists and the Duhriyyoon (those who think that death is the end of us). He the Most High said:

وَقَالُوا مَا هِيَ إِلَّا حَيَاتُنَا الدُّنْيَا نَمُوتُ وَنَحْيَا وَمَا يُهْلِكُنَا إِلَّا الدَّهْرُ ۚ وَمَا لَهُم بِذَٰلِكَ مِنْ عِلْمٍ ۖ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا يَظُنُّونَ

And they say, “There is no life except our life in this world, we die and our children live, and nothing brings an end to us except Time.” And they do not have certain knowledge, rather they just surmise. [45:24]

This is the saying of the atheists those who do not believe in the return to life and resurrection.

And Allaah the Mighty and Majestic rebutted them, so He said:

أَفَنَجْعَلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ كَالْمُجْرِمِينَ

مَا لَكُمْ كَيْفَ تَحْكُمُونَ

Shall we make the Muslims like the criminals just the same? What is wrong with you how do you judge? [68:35-36]

And He the Most High said:

أَمْ حَسِبَ الَّذِينَ اجْتَرَحُوا السَّيِّئَاتِ أَن نَّجْعَلَهُمْ كَالَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ سَوَاءً مَّحْيَاهُمْ وَمَمَاتُهُمْ ۚ سَاءَ مَا يَحْكُمُونَ

Do those who commit evil deeds think that We will treat them just the same as those who truly believe and work righteous deeds, the same in their life and after their deaths? What an evil judgement they make. [45:21]

And He the Most High said:

أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ كَالْمُفْسِدِينَ فِي الْأَرْضِ أَمْ نَجْعَلُ الْمُتَّقِينَ كَالْفُجَّارِ

Or shall We make those who truly believe and work righteous deeds like those who cause corruption upon the earth, or shall We treat those who are dutiful to Allaah just like the wicked unbelievers? [38:28] 

This is not possible and this will never be the case.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Knowledge Comes Before Speech and Action ( العِلْمُ قَبْلَ القَوْلِ وَالعَمَلِ ) – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 06 – Part A 
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

:وَقَالَ البُخَارِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: بَابٌ: العِلْمُ قَبْلَ القَوْلِ وَالعَمَلِ. وَالدَّلِيلُ قَوْلُهُ تَعَالَى

And al-Bukhaaree rahimahullaahuta‘aalaa said: “Chapter: Knowledge comes before speech and action; and the proof is:

فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ

Then know that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and seek forgiveness for your sin and for the believers. [47:19]

 So He began with knowledge”, before speech and action.13


[13]: Shaykh Salih Al-Fawzan’s Explanation:

Al-Bukhaaree: he was the Imaam Muhammad ibn Ismaa‘eel ibn Ibraaheem al-Bukhaaree. Al-Bukhaaree is an ascription to Bukhaaraa, a town in the East. He was the Imaam of the people of Hadeeth, and a mountain of memorization, may Allaah have mercy upon him, he was the compiler of the Saheeh, which is the most authentic of books after the Book of Allaah.

His saying, “Knowledge comes before speech and action”: because action will not benefit unless it is built upon knowledge. As for action which is built upon ignorance, then it will not benefit the person rather it will be an affliction and misguidance for him on the Day of Resurrection, so precedence must be given to learning knowledge before action.

His saying, “And the proof”: meaning for this heading is His saying, He the Most High:

فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّهُ لَا إِلَٰهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَاسْتَغْفِرْ لِذَنبِكَ وَلِلْمُؤْمِنِينَ وَالْمُؤْمِنَاتِ

Then know that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and seek forgiveness for your sin [47:19]

Since He began with knowledge, and His saying, He the Most High:

وَاسْتَغْفِرْ

And seek forgiveness … [47:19]

This is action. So He the Perfect began with knowledge before action, because action if it is built upon ignorance then it will not benefit the person, so a person should begin with knowledge first and then act upon what he has learnt, this is the foundation.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

By Time. Mankind is Certainly in Loss – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 04 – Part B & Lesson 05 
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

And the Proof is He the Most High’s saying:

وَالْعَصْرِ
إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ
إِلَّا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ

By Time. Mankind is certainly in loss. Except for those who have eemaan (those who truly believe) and perform righteous deeds, and enjoin one another with the truth and enjoin one another with patience. [103:1-3]11


[11]:

It is obligatory that you learn these four matters in detail – is there any proof for what the Shaikh has said? That it is obligatory upon us to learn these four matters, and he has promised us that he will not say anything except with a proof, so where is the proof? The proof upon that is His saying, He the Most High,

Bismillaahirrahmaanirraheem

By Time. Mankind is certainly in loss. Except for those who have eemaan (those who truly believe) and perform righteous deeds, and enjoin one another with the truth and enjoin one another with patience. [103:1-3]

“Except for those who have eemaan”, this is the first matter: knowledge, because eemaan cannot be except through knowledge, which is awareness of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, awareness of His Prophet and awareness of the religion of Islaam with the proofs.

The second matter: “And they perform the righteous deeds”, this is action upon the knowledge.

The third matter: “And they enjoin each other with the truth”, this is calling to the knowledge and action.

The fourth matter: “And they enjoin each other with patience”, upon harm in the path of calling to knowledge and action.

So His saying, He the One free of all imperfections:

وَالْعَصْرِ

By Time. [103:1]

The, “Waw”, is the waw-ul-qasm (the ‘waw’ of an oath). And Al-‘Asr is a noun upon which an oath is sworn and it is majroor, and the sign that it is majroor is that it has a kasrah upon it. And what is meant is Time and a time period.

Allaah, the Most High, swears by a time period and by Time, and it is something created. And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, swears by whatever He wishes from the creation, but the creation may not swear an oath except by Allaah. And Allaah does not swear an oath except by something which has importance, and which contains a Sign from His Signs, He the Perfect and Most High. So this Time, contains a lesson and has importance, and therefore Allaah swore an oath by Time, and He swore by the night when it covers, and He swore an oath by the daytime brightness.

But as for the creation, then he may not swear an oath except by Allaah. And it is not permissible for us to swear an oath by other than Allaah. He sallallaahu’ alaihi wa sallam said:

“Whoever swears an oath by other than Allaah, then he has committed unbelief or he has committed shirk.”[1]

And he said: 

“Whoever is going to swear an oath, then let him swear by Allaah or let him keep silent.”[2]

So Allaah swears by whatever he wishes and he does not swear except by something which has importance and which contains a lesson, so what is the lesson here in this Time? The lessons are tremendous, the succession of the night and the day, and how they interchange and take from each other, this one taking from that one, and that one taking from this one, and they succeed each other in this amazing ordered manner which does not vary or alter.

This is a proof for the Ability of Allaah the Perfect and Most High. And then, whatever occurs within this Time from events and catastrophies and calamities and from favours and blessings and good things, and whatever occurs within this Time, this is from the lessons. And likewise because night and day are an arena for righteous action to be performed in. He the Most High said:

 .. وَهُوَ الَّذِي جَعَلَ اللَّيْلَ وَالنَّهَارَ خِلْفَةً 

And He (Allaah) is the One who made the night and the day to follow each other in succession … 

Meaning they follow each other in succession, this one follows on from this one.

لِّمَنْ أَرَادَ أَن يَذَّكَّرَ أَوْ أَرَادَ شُكُورًا ..

… for whoever wants to be reminded of Allaah or whoever wants to give thanks for Allaah’s favours. [25:62]

And in some of the recitations of this aayah, it occurs:

… for the one who wants to remember Allaah … [25:62]

So the night and the day are a tremendous bounty to be earned for a person who utilizes them in obedience to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and the arena for action is the night and the day, you have nothing else besides the night and the day, they are the arena for action and for good and pure earning for this world and the hereafter. So in the night and the day there are lessons and there are benefits, so therefore Allaah swore an oath by Time.

What is this oath sworn upon? It is His saying:

إِنَّ الْإِنسَانَ لَفِي خُسْرٍ

Mankind is certainly in loss. [103:2]

It (Mankind) means all of the descendants of Aadam, He did not exclude anyone, neither the kings nor the leaders, nor the rich people nor the poor people, nor the free people nor the slaves, nor the males nor the females. So, “Al-”, in, “Al-Insaan”, is for istighraaq – to make the word all-inclusive. All of the descendants of Aadam are in loss, meaning they will be in loss and destruction if they waste this precious Time, and they utilize it in disobedience to Allaah and in doing that which will harm them.

And this Time which is very cheap with many people, time seems prolonged for them, they become weary and bored, and they say, “We want to kill some time”. So they bring amusements, or they travel abroad to spend a holiday and just to spend some time somewhere, or they laugh and joke to use up time. So those people, they use it up and waste it – then it will be loss and regret upon them on the Day of Resurrection. And it could be the source of their true happiness, if only they took care of it.

So all of the descendants of Aadam are in loss and destruction, except for those who have the four qualities which are: knowledge and action and calling to Allaah and having patience upon any harm which the person meets. So whoever has these four qualities will be saved from this loss.

And having eemaan in Allaah is not possible except through having knowledge, which is knowledge and awareness of Allaah.

وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ 

And they perform the righteous and correct deeds [103:3] 

Meaning they perform the righteous deeds from the obligatory duties and the recommended duties. So they utilize their time in performing the righteous deeds in that which will benefit them in their religion and in their worldly life, for even worldly action contains good and can contain reward if it is done with the intention of using it as an aid upon obedience. So how about action for the hereafter. So what is important is that you do not waste the time, rather you use it in something which will be to your advantage and benefit you.

وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالْحَقِّ

And they enjoin each other with the truth [103:3]

They command the good and they forbid the evil and they call to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and they teach beneficial knowledge and they propagate knowledge and good amongst the people. They become callers to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

وَتَوَاصَوْا بِالصَّبْرِ

And they enjoin each other with having patience. [103:3]

They have patience upon whatever strikes them. AsSabr in the language means restraining, and what is meant by it here is restraining oneself upon obedience to Allaah. And it is of three types:

  • The first one is: Patience upon obedience to Allaah.
  • The second one is: Patience in keeping away from those things which Allaah has forbidden.
  • The third one is: Having patience with those things which Allaah has Pre-decreed to occur.

So the first: patience upon obedience to Allaah, because the person’s soul desires laziness and desires relaxation, so therefore a person must force it to have patience upon obedience and upon the prayer and upon fasting and upon jihaad in Allaah’s cause even though it may dislike these matters, he should cause it to have patience and he should restrain it on obedience to Allaah.

And the second: patience in keeping away from those things Allaah has made forbidden. The soul desires forbidden things and desires. It inclines towards them and is attracted to them, so therefore the person must bind it and restrain it away from the forbidden things, and this requires patience, and it is not easy to prevent the soul from desires and forbidden things. Whoever does not have patience, then his soul will overcome him and incline towards forbidden things.

The third is: having patience with the painful things which Allaah has decreed, the calamities which strike a person, from the death of a close relative or loss of wealth or illness which befalls a person, he must have patience upon the pre-ordainment and pre-decree of Allaah and he should not become vexed and he should not become angry, rather he should restrain the tongue from wailing and forbidden lamenting and from displaying anger and he should withhold himself from vexation and he should withhold his limbs from striking the cheeks and from tearing the front-opening of the garments. This is patience upon calamities.

As for faults, then he should not have patience upon them, rather he should repent to Allaah and flee away from them. However, with regard to calamities which are not something which you yourself have done, rather they are from Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, He has decreed that they will occur to you as a test and a trial or as a punishment for you for sins which you have committed just as there occurs in His saying the Most High:

وَمَا أَصَابَكُم مِّن مُّصِيبَةٍ فَبِمَا كَسَبَتْ أَيْدِيكُمْ وَيَعْفُو عَن كَثِيرٍ

And whatever calamity strikes you then it is on account of the sins which your hands have committed and Allaah pardons and does not punish, a great deal. [42:30]

So if a calamity strikes the Muslim in his self or in his wealth or in his children or his close relative or one of his brothers from the Muslims, then it is upon him to have patience and to await reward. He, the Most High, said:

الَّذِينَ إِذَا أَصَابَتْهُم مُّصِيبَةٌ قَالُوا إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ

أُولَٰئِكَ عَلَيْهِمْ صَلَوَاتٌ مِّن رَّبِّهِمْ وَرَحْمَةٌ ۖ وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُهْتَدُونَ

Those who, when a calamity strikes them they say, “Indeed we belong to Allaah and we will certainly be returning to Him”. Those people, upon them is praise from their Lord and mercy, and they are the ones who are guided. [2:156-157] 

This is patience, and from that is having patience upon harm which comes in calling to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, for that is from the calamities. So it is upon you to have patience upon whatever you meet from harm upon the path of good. And do not turn away from doing good, because some people wish to do good, however, if something which he dislikes faces him he then says, “It is not obligatory upon me to enter myself into these matters”. Then he abandons teaching if he is a teacher, he abandons calling to Allaah, he abandons giving the khutbah if he is a khateeb (one who gives the khutbah in a mosque), he abandons leading the prayer in the mosque, he abandons commanding the good and forbidding the evil – this person has not had patience upon the harm which came to him.

And if you are upon error, then it is upon you to turn back to the truth and to correctness, but if you are upon  something true and you have not erred, then it is upon you to have patience and to await and expect reward and to be aware and to feel that this is in the cause of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and that you will receive reward for it, and that you remember the harm which occurred to the Prophets ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam and how they had patience and how they strove and fought in Allaah’s cause, until Allaah the Mighty and Majestic gave them victory.


Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

قَالَ الشَّافِعِيُّ رَحِمَهُ اللهُ: لَوْ مَا أَنْزَلَ اللهُ حُجَّةً عَلَى خَلْقِهِ إِلاَّ هَذِهِ السُّوْرَةَ لَكَفَتْهُمْ

Ash-Shaafi‘ee rahimahullaah said: “If Allaah had not sent down any proof upon his creation except this soorah, then that would have sufficed for them.”12


[12]:

His saying, “Ash-Shaafi‘ee”: He is the Imaam Muhammad ibn Idrees Ash-Shaafi‘ee and Ash-Shaafi‘ee is an ascription to his great great grandfather who was called Shaafi‘, and he was from Quraish from Banul-Muttalib. He died in the year 204 H, and he was one of the four Imaams. And he said this saying, because Allaah has made clear in this soorah the reasons for wretchedness and the means for true happiness and success.

So the means for true happiness and success is that the person has these four characteristics: knowledge, and action, and calling, and having patience upon harm in the cause of Allaah the Most High. So Allaah’s proof is established upon His creation through this soorah. Allaah the Perfect says to them – I have made clear to you the means for true happiness in this short and brief soorah.

And the Qur’aan, all of it, and the Sunnah are details for these four matters. However, this soorah has made clear the means to true happiness and success in general terms, through it the proof has been established upon the creation, and the texts of the Qur’aan and the Sunnah give the details and clarify these four matters. And the speech of Ash-Shaafi‘ee does not mean that this soorah is sufficient for mankind, even if Allaah had not sent down anything else. But rather it has established the proof upon them, because Allaah has made clear in it the means to true happiness and the reasons for total wretchedness, so on the Day of Resurrection no-one can say, “I did not know the means to true happiness and I did not know the reasons leading to total wretchedness”, when he has read this brief and short soorah.

Footnotes

[1] Reported by Aboo Daawood and At-Tirmidhee from a hadeeth of Ibn ‘Umar radiyallaahu ‘anhumaa [Al-Albaanee – saheeh].

[2] Reported by al Bukhaaree as hadeeth 6108 and by Muslim as hadeeth 1646/3 as a hadeeth also of Ibn ‘Umar radiyallaahu ‘anhumaa.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Calling to the Knowledge & Having Patience upon any Harm encountered – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 04 – Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Calling to the Knowledge

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said: 

الثَّالِثَةُ: الدَّعْوَةُ إِلَيْهِ  

The third is calling to it.9


[9]:

His saying, “Calling to it”: meaning, it is not sufficient that a person learns knowledge and acts himself and does not call to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. Rather he must call and invite others so that he benefits himself and benefits others, and because this knowledge is something he is entrusted with, it is not your personal property which you can hoard away and withhold from the people, when the people are in need of it. So what is obligatory upon you is to convey it and to explain it and to call the people to good. This knowledge, which Allaah has given you the task of carrying, is not an endowment for your benefit alone, rather it is for you and for others besides you, so do not keep it to yourself and prevent the people from benefiting from it. Rather it is essential that you convey it and you must clarify it to the people. He the Most High said:

وَإِذْ أَخَذَ اللَّهُ مِيثَاقَ الَّذِينَ أُوتُوا الْكِتَابَ لَتُبَيِّنُنَّهُ لِلنَّاسِ وَلَا تَكْتُمُونَهُ

And when Allaah took the solemn agreement from those who were given the scripture, you must make it clear to the people and not conceal it [3:187]

This is a solemn agreement which Allaah took from the ‘ulemaa (people of knowledge) that they would make clear to the people that which Allaah has taught them, in order that the good should spread, and to bring the people out from the depths of darkness into light, and this was the work of the Messengers and of those who followed them. He the Most High said:

قُلْ هَٰذِهِ سَبِيلِي أَدْعُو إِلَى اللَّهِ ۚ عَلَىٰ بَصِيرَةٍ أَنَا وَمَنِ اتَّبَعَنِي ۖ وَسُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَمَا أَنَا مِنَ الْمُشْرِكِينَ

Say: “This is my way, I call to Allaah upon clear knowledge, I and those who follow me, and Perfect is Allaah and I am not from the people of shirk (those who associate others with Allaah).” [12:108] 

This is the way of Messenger sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam and the way of his followers: knowledge, and action and calling to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. So whoever does not call, and he has the ability to call, and he has knowledge and he conceals it, then he will be given a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection as occurs in the hadeeth.[1]

[1] Reported by Aboo Daawood and At-Tirmidhee and Ibn Maajah from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah who said: Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam said,

“Whoever is asked about knowledge and he conceals it, then Allaah will give him a bridle of fire on the Day of Resurrection”.

[Al-Albaanee declared this hadeeth hasan saheeh].

And Ibn Maajah reports a longer wording from Aboo Sa‘eed Al-Khudree … [declared very weak by Al-Albaanee].


Having patience upon harm which is encountered whilst carrying this out.

 الرَّابِعَةُ: الصَّبْرُ عَلَى الأَذَى فِيهِ 

 The fourth is having patience upon any harm encountered whilst carrying it out.10


[10]:

His saying, “Having patience upon any harm encountered whilst carrying it out”: it is known that whoever calls the people, and commands the good and forbids the evil, then he will be exposed to harm from the evil-doers, because many of the people do not want good, rather they want desires and forbidden things and false whims, so when someone comes who calls them to Allaah and who deters them away from their desires, then there will certainly be a reaction from them either in speech or in action. So what is obligatory upon whoever calls to Allaah and desires the Face of Allaah is that he should have patience upon the harm, and he should persist in calling to Allaah, and his example in that regard will be the Messengers ‘alaihimussalaatu wassalaam, and the best of them and their seal is Muhammad sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam.

What did he encounter from the people, how much harm did he suffer in sayings and actions? They said he was a sorcerer and a liar, and they said he was a madman. They said those sayings about him which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic has mentioned in the Qur’aan. And they harmed him with physical harm, they threw stones at him until his heels ran with blood sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam when he called them to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. And they threw the after-birth of camels on his back whilst he was making prostration by the Ka‘bah, and they threatened to kill him and they tried to intimidate him, and in the battle of Uhud, there occurred to him and to his Companions that which occurred ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam – they broke his lateral incisor tooth and they wounded his head sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam and he fell into a ditch, and he was the Prophet of Allaah – all of this was harm in calling to Allaah the Mighty and Majestic. However he had patience and he bore it and he was the most excellent one of the creation ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam. So therefore whoever carries out this call will certainly face harm in accordance with the level of his eemaan and his call, however it is upon him to have patience as long as he is upon the truth, then he should have patience and bear it, for he is in Allaah’s cause, and whatever harm befalls him then it will be reward from Allaah the Perfect and Most High, upon the scale of his good deeds.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Acting upon the Knowledge – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 03 – Part B
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

 الثَّانِيَةُ: العَمَلُ بِهِ   

The second: Action upon it.8


[8]:

His saying, “Action upon it”: meaning upon the knowledge, since it is not sufficient that a person teaches and learns, rather he must act upon his knowledge. So knowledge without action is just a proof against the person, so knowledge will not be beneficial except with action. As for the person who has knowledge, and he does not act upon it, then he is one upon whom is Anger, because he knows the truth, but he abandons it upon knowledge and insight.

And the poet says:

The scholar who does not act upon his knowledge,
                        Will be punished before the worshippers of idols 

And this is mentioned in the noble hadeeth:

إن من أول من تسعر ﺑﻬم النار يوم القيامة ، عالم لم يعمل بعلمه 

“That from the first of those for whom the Fire will be made to blaze on the Day of Resurrection will be a scholar who does not act upon his knowledge”.[1]

Knowledge is joined to action, and action is the fruit of knowledge, so knowledge without action is like a tree without fruit, there is no benefit in it, and knowledge was sent down to bring about action.

Just as action without knowledge will be an affliction and misguidance for its person. If a person acts without knowledge, then his action will be affliction and a burden upon the person. He sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam said:

من عمل عملا ليس عليه أمرنا فهو رد

“Whoever does an action which our affair is not in accordance with, then it will be rejected”.[2]

And therefore we read in Al-Faatihah in every rak’ah:

اهْدِنَا الصِّرَاطَ الْمُسْتَقِيمَ
صِرَاطَ الَّذِينَ أَنْعَمْتَ عَلَيْهِمْ غَيْرِ الْمَغْضُوبِ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا الضَّالِّينَ

Guide us upon the straight path, the path of those whom You have favoured, not those upon whom is Your Anger, nor those who are astray. [1:6-7] 

So Allaah called those people who act without knowledge those who are astray; and those people who have knowledge, but do not act upon it as being those upon whom is Anger. So let us be attentive to that, because it is very important.

Footnotes:

[1]  A similar hadeeth is reported by At-Tirmidhee, and it is part of a long hadeeth, and it contains the wording, “Those three people will be  the first of the creation for whom Allaah will make the Fire blaze on the Day of Resurrection”, from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu ‘anhu.

[However the wording of the hadeeth mentions three men, who will be the first for whom the Fire will blaze – “So the first of these men will be a person who gathered the Qur’aan…”. Al-Albaanee declares this hadeeth saheeh]

[2]  Reported by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form as hadeeth 7350, and reported by Muslim as hadeeth 1718/18 from a hadeeth of ‘Aa’ishah radiyallaahu ‘anhaa. And also reported by al-Bukhaaree in connected form as hadeeth 2697 and Muslim as hadeeth 1718/17 from ‘Aa’ishah radiyallaahu ‘anhaa, that she said, Allaah’s Messenger sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam said, “Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not from it will have it rejected”.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Knowledge of Allaah, His Prophet and the Deen, with the Proofs – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 03 – Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

وَهُوَ مَعْرِفَةُ اللهِ ،  وَمَعْرِفَةُ نَبِيِّهِ   

 And it is knowledge and awareness of Allaah and knowledge of His Prophet5


[5]:

His saying, “And it is knowledge and awareness of Allaah”: How does the servant come to have knowledge and awareness of his Lord? He knows of Him through His Signs and His created things, so from His Signs are the night and the day, and from those things which He has created are the sun and the moon, as will be explained later on inshaa’ Allaah.

He knows of Allaah by means of His Aayaat-ul-Kawneeyah (Signs within the creation) and His Aayaat-ul-Qur’aaneeyah (The aayahs of His Qur’aan). If he recites the Qur’aan, then He knows that Allaah the Perfect and Most High – He is the One who created the heavens and the earth and that He is the One who made subservient whatever is within the heavens and the earth, and that He is the One who gives life and gives death, and that He has full Ability over everything, and that He is Ar-Rahmaan the Extremely Merciful One, and Ar-Raheem the One Who bestows mercy. So the Qur’aan provides knowledge and awareness of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, and that He is the One Who bestowed all favours upon us, and that He is the One who created us and gives us provision, so if you recite the Qur’aan, then you will know your Lord, the Perfect and Most High, by way of His Names and His Attributes and His Actions.

And if you look into the creation, then you will know and be aware of your Lord, the Perfect and Most High – that He is the One Who created this creation, and who made this creation subservient, and Who caused it to proceed by His Wisdom and His Knowledge – He the Perfect and Most High; this is knowledge of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.

His saying, “And knowledge of His Prophet”: he is Muhammad sallallaahu ’alaihi wa sallam, because he was the one who conveyed the message from Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, he is the intermediary between us and Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, with regard to conveying the message, so therefore it is essential that you know him, you know who he is, and you know his lineage, and you know his city, and you know that which he sallallaahu ’alaihi wa sallam came with. That you know how the revelation first came to him, and how he established the call to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, in Makkah and in Al-Madeenah. That you know the life history of the Messenger sallallaahu ’alaihi wa sallam  even if it is in abridged form.

The Messenger sallallaahu ’alaihi wa sallam, he is Muhammad the son of ‘Abdullaah, the son of ‘Abdul-Muttalib, the son of Haashim, the son of ‘Abd-Manaaf, all the way to the end of the noble Prophetic lineage, which goes all the way back to Ibraaheem ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam. And you know how he lived before he was raised as a Prophet, and how the revelation came to him from Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and what did he ‘alaihissalaatu wassalaam do after his being raised as a Prophet – you know that through study of his seerah (of his life), and it is not befitting for the Muslim that he should be ignorant of the Messenger sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam. For how can you follow a person when you do not have knowledge of him? This cannot be comprehended.


وَمَعْرِفَةُ دِينِ الإِسْلامِ

And knowledge of the religion of Islaam6

[6]:

His saying, “Knowledge of the religion of Islaam”: which is the religion of this Messenger sallallaahu ’alaihi wasallam. Indeed, it is the religion of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, which He commanded His servants with, and which He commanded you to follow, and you are required to follow it, so you must have knowledge and awareness of this religion. And Islaam is the religion of all of the Messengers. All of the Messengers, their religion was Islaam, with the general meaning. So everyone who followed a Messenger from the Messengers, then he is a Muslim, one who submits in Islaam to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, one who submitted to Him and one who singled Him out with all worship – this is Islaam with the general meaning, that it is the religion of all the Messengers. So Islaam is:

الاستسلام لله بالتوحيد والانقياد له بالطاعة والخلوص من الشرك وأهله

“To submit to Allaah with tawheed, and to comply to Him with obedience, and remaining free of shirk and its people” 

As for Islaam with the specific meaning, then it is that which Allaah sent His Prophet Muhammad sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam with, since after the sending of the Messenger sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam then there is no religion except for his religion ‘alaihissalaatuwassalaam. And Islaam is confined to following him sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam, so it is not possible for a Jew to now say, “I am a Muslim”, or a Christian to say, “I am a Muslim”, after the sending of the Prophet sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam, if he does not follow him. So Islaam, after the sending of the Prophet, is following him sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam. He the Most High said:

Say: If you people truly love Allaah, then follow Me, then Allaah will love you [3:31] 

This is Islaam with its general meaning and with its specific meaning.


بِالأَدِلَّةِ   

With the proofs.7

[7]:

His saying, “With the proofs”: not due to taqleed (blind following), but rather with the proofs from the Qur’aan and from the Sunnah – this is knowledge.

Ibn ul-Qayyim said in Al-Kaafiyat-ush-Shaafiyah:

Knowledge is Allaah said, His Prophet said,

          The Companions said – they are the possessors of knowledge and awareness 

Knowledge is not that you foolishly raise up a disagreement

          Between the Messenger and the opinion of so-and-so.

This is what is knowledge, knowledge is the knowledge contained in the Book and the Sunnah. As for the sayings of the ’ulemaa (the scholars), then they only explain and clarify the speech of Allaah and the speech of the Messenger sallallaahu’alaihiwasallam, and some of them may contain a mistake, and the proofs are not the speech of the ’ulemaa, rather the proofs are the aayahs of the Qur’aan and the Prophetic ahadeeth. As for the speech of scholars, then it explains and clarifies that, except it is not a proof in itself.

This is the first matter, and it is the foundation, the Shaikh rahimahullaah began with it because it is the foundation, and one should begin with ‘aqeedah (creed and belief), and with the foundation in learning, and in teaching, and in calling to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. ‘Aqeedah should be begun with, because it is the fundamental basis, and it is the foundation.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

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Al-‘ilm ash-Shar‘ee : The Legislated Islamic Knowledge – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 02 : Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

That it is obligatory upon us to learn four matters

الأُوْلَى: العِلْمُ

The first is knowledge4


Shaykh Fawzan Explanation:

[4]:

His saying, “knowledge”: what is meant by knowledge here, is al-‘ilm ash-shar‘ee the legislated (islaamic) knowledge, because that is what it is obligatory to learn, and these matters are obligatory to learn upon every Muslim, male or female, free or slave, rich or poor, a king or a pauper, every Muslim, it is obligatory upon him that he should learn these four matters.

And this is what the scholars call al-waajib al-‘aynee, and it is what is obligatory upon every individual from the Muslims. So the five obligatory prayers which are upon the men and the  women, and the congregational prayer in the mosques, which is upon the men, this is obligatory upon every individual from the Muslims, that he learns about them. Therefore he said, “it is obligatory upon us”, and he did not say, “it is obligatory upon some of us”, rather he said, “it is obligatory upon us”, meaning upon us the Muslims. So it is from the knowledge which it is obligatory to learn upon all individuals, because knowledge is of two categories:

The first of them: that which it is obligatory upon all individuals to learn, such that there is no excuse for anyone to be ignorant of it, and it is that which is such that the religion cannot be correctly established except with it, such as the five pillars of Islaam which are the Two Testifications, and the establishment of the Prayer, and the giving of the Zakaat, and the fast of Ramadaan, and Hajj to the sacred House of Allaah. It is not permissible for the Muslim to be ignorant of that, rather he must learn it.

Since learning the meaning of the Two Testifications, is to learn the ‘aqeedah (creed and belief), so the Muslim learns the creed and belief in order to act upon it, and he learns whatever opposes it in order to keep away from it – this is what is contained in the Two Testifications.

Likewise he learns the pillars of the Prayer, and the conditions of the Prayer, and the obligations of the Prayer, and the sunnahs of the Prayer; he must learn these matters in detail. It is not just the case that he can pray when he does not know the rulings of the prayer. How can a person do an action when he does not have knowledge of the action which he is performing? How can he perform the Prayer when is ignorant of its rulings? So it is essential that he learns the rulings of the Prayer, and those things which nullify the Prayer, he must learn this.

Likewise he should learn the rulings of the Zakaat, and he should learn the rulings of the Fasting, and he should learn the rulings of the Hajj, so when he wants to perform Hajj, it becomes obligatory upon him to learn the rulings of the Hajj and the rulings of the ‘Umrah in order to perform these acts of worship in the prescribed and legislated manner.

And this category, no-one is excused for being ignorant of it, and it is what is called al-waajib al-‘aynee that which is obligatory upon every individual Muslim.

The second category from the categories of knowledge, is that which is additional to that, from the legislated rulings which the Ummah (Islaamic Nation) together has need of, and it may be the case that not every individual has a need of it, such as the rulings of trading, and the rulings of dealing and transactions, and the rulings of religious endowments, and laws of inheritance and bequests and the rulings of marriages, and the rulings relating to crimes. These are essential for the Ummah. However it is not obligatory upon every individual from the Ummah that he has to learn it. Rather, if these things are learnt by sufficient number of scholars, such that what is required is attained, then that will suffice so that they can fulfill the need of the Muslims for legal judgments and for religious verdicts and for teaching and other than this. This is called waajib al-kifaayah (the communal obligation), such that if a sufficient number of people carry it out, then sin falls away from the rest, and if all of them leave it, then they will all be sinful.

So the Ummah must have people who learn this category since they are in need of it. However, it is not said to every individual, “it is obligatory upon you to acquire knowledge of these matters”, because this may not  be possible for every individual. Rather this is specific to the people of ability and the people of capability from the Ummah. And if this is learnt by some of the Ummah, then the obligation has been established, contrary to the first category, for there, every individual is accountable for it himself, because it is not possible for him to perform these actions except with knowledge. And therefore the Shaikh said, “it is obligatory upon us”, and he did not say, “it is obligatory upon the Muslims”, or, “it is obligatory upon some of the Muslims”. Rather he said, “it is obligatory upon us”, meaning upon everyone from us as an individual obligation.

And we should know, before entering into the matters, that what is meant by knowledge, which it is obligatory upon the Ummah – whether it be that which is obligatory upon every individual, or whether it be that which is obligatory upon some, then it is al-‘ilm ash-shar‘ee the legislated (islaamic) knowledge, that which the Messenger sallallaahu‘alaihiwasallam came with.

As for worldly knowledge, such as the knowledge of industries, and professions, and arithmetic, and mathematics, and engineering, then this knowledge is permissible – it is permissible to learn it and it can be obligatory if the Ummah has need of it, then it will be obligatory on those who are capable. However, it is not the knowledge which is intended in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, that which Allaah the Most High has praised and commended its people, and that which the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said about it:

العلماء ورثة الأنبياء

“The ‘ulemaa, (the scholars, or the people of knowledge) are the inheritors of the Prophets.”[1] 

What is meant is al-‘ilm ash-shar‘ee the legislated (islaamic) knowledge.

As for worldly knowledge, then whoever is ignorant of it, then there is no sin upon him, and whoever learns it, then it is permissible for him, and if he utilises it to benefit the Ummah, then he is rewarded for it. And if a person died, and he was ignorant of this knowledge, then he would not be taken to account for it on the Day of Resurrection.

However, whoever died and he was ignorant of al-‘ilm ash-shar‘ee the legislated (islaamic) knowledge, particularly essential knowledge, then he will be asked about it on the Day of Resurrection, “Why didn’t you learn? Why didn’t you ask?”. The one who says when he is placed in his grave, “My Lord is Allaah, and Islaam is my religion, and my Prophet is Muhammad sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam”, this person will be saved.  It will be said to him, “Where did you acquire this from?”. So he will say, “I read the Book of Allaah and I learnt it”.

As for the person who turns away from that, then when he is questioned in his grave, then he will say, “Haa, haa, I don’t know, I heard the people saying something so I said it”. Then this person, his grave will be made to blaze with fire upon him – and Allaah’s refuge is sought – and it will be crushed upon him, to such an extent that his ribs will cross over, and he will come to be in a pit from the pits of the hell-fire, because he did not have knowledge and he did not read. So it will be said to him:

لا دريت ولا تليت )  أو لا تلوت )

“You did not know and you did not read (or you did not follow)”.[2]

 So he did not learn and he did not follow the example of the people of knowledge, rather he was wasted and lost in his life, so this is the person who ends up in wretchedness, and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

So his saying, “Knowledge”, this is the legislated knowledge that is required from us as a body and as individuals, and it is knowledge and awareness of Allaah through His Names and His Attributes, and knowledge of His right upon us, which is to worship Him alone ascribing no partner to Him, so the first thing that is obligatory upon the servant is knowledge and awareness of his Lord the Mighty and Majestic, and how to worship Him.

Footnotes:

[1] This is reported by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form in the Book of Knowledge, Chapter, “Knowledge comes before speech and action”, it follows on from hadeeth 67; and is reported by Aboo Daawood, and ibn Maajah and at-Tirmidhee from a hadeeth of Aboo Ad-Dardaa radiyallaahu‘anhu. [Al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth of Aboo Daawood saheeh].

[2] Reported by Al-Bukhaaree in abridged form as a hadeeth of Anas 1338, and also reported by Muslim in abridged form also as a hadeeth of Anas 2870, and reported by Aboo Daawood as a hadeeth of al-Baraa’ ibn ‘Aazib in a long hadeeth 4753. [Al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth of Aboo Daawood saheeh].

MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) for this Audio(Source)

The Shaykh Saalih al Fawzaan hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation that:

Q1). The ‘ilm (knowledge) mentioned by the Imaam here:

a) Refers to knowledge of politics
b) Refers to knowledge of Allaah’s Sharee’ah [23]
c) Is not obligatory for the women to gain
d) Is obligatory for the poor people as well as the rich people to gain

Answers: b) d)

Q2). Knowledge which is al waajib ul ‘aynee is:

a) Obligatory upon every single Muslim to gain [24]
b) Includes knowledge of how to pray the five daily prayers [25]
c) Includes knowledge of detailed inheritance issues
d) Is only obligatory for some of the Muslims to gain

Answers: a) b)

Q3). When Shaykh al Fawzaan divides knowledge into two categories, he mentions about the first category that:

a) it is obligatory upon every single person
b) a person’s religion cannot be upright and correct without this knowledge
c) this includes knowledge of the five pillars of Islaam
d) a person is not excused for remaining ignorant about this type of knowledge

Answers: a) b) c) d)

Q4). The five pillars of Islaam:

a) Include the two testimonies of faith, establishment of the prayer and giving the zakaat
b) Include changing the religion of Islaam to make it more relevant to the time we live in
c) Include the fasting in Ramadaan and the hajj (pilgrimage) to the House of Allaah
d) Are obligatory for every Muslim to learn about

Answers: a) c) d)

Q5). with regards to learning about the pillars of Islaam:

a) That a person should learn the correct Islaamic ‘aqeedah as well as those things which oppose it
b) That a person must learn about the pillars, obligations, conditions and recommended actions of the salaat (prayer) [26]
c) That this is necessary in order to be able to put these pillars into practice correctly
d) That a person need only learn about the first four pillars and not about the fifth

Answer: a) b) c)

Q6). when Shaykh al Fawzaan divides knowledge into two categories, he mentions about the second category that:

a) everyone in the Muslim nation needs to gain this second type of knowledge [27]
b) this includes knowledge of laws relating to inheritance, marriage and trade
c) it is called “waajib ul kifaayah” (communal obligation)
d) if no one gains this type of knowledge then all the community is sinful

Answers: b) c) and d)

Q7). the people who gain this second category of knowledge are:

a) Every single Muslim
b) Every male Muslim
c) Some of the Muslim children
d) Some of the Muslims, those with the ability to do so

Answers: d)

Q8). when the Imaam rahimahullaah said that it is obligatory upon “us” to learn the knowledge that he is about to discuss, to whom is he addressing this?

a) His fellow scholars
b) His fellow Arabs
c) His fellow Muslims
d) His fellow Muslim males

Answer: c)

Q9). the “worldly” knowledge such as knowledge of engineering and manufacturing:

a) Is something mubaah (permissible)
b) Is obligatory upon every Muslim to have
c) Is obligatory upon those who have the ability to gain it in all circumstances and all times
d) Is obligatory upon those who have the ability to gain it if the Muslim nation has need of this knowledge [28]

Answers: a) d)

Q10) with regards to gaining “worldly” knowledge such as knowledge of engineering and manufacturing:

a) The person who does not gain this knowledge has committed no sin
b) That the person who gains this knowledge and benefits the Muslim nation through this knowledge is rewarded for doing so
c) That the person who dies without gaining this knowledge will be taken to account for this in the Hereafter
d) That this takes precedence over gaining knowledge of a person’s religion

answers: a) b)

Q11). a person who dies and:

a) Has not gained the knowledge of Islaam that is necessary for him to know will be questioned about this on the Day of Resurrection
b) Has not learned about the affairs of engineering, medicine and other worldly knowledge will be questioned about this on the Day of Resurrection
c) Can answer the questioning in the Grave correctly will be one of those who are saved
d) Answers the questioning in the grave correctly will attribute this to reading the Book of Allaah and studying it

Answers: a) c) d)

Q12). the person who turned away from reading the Book of Allaah and studying it will:

a) be unable to answer the questions in the Grave
b) say when in his Grave that he merely said in his worldly life what he heard the other people saying
c) be punished in the Grave [29]
d) be given the Book to read after he has died

Answers: a) b) c)

Q13). when Imaam ibn ‘Abdil Wahhaab says al ‘ilm he is referring to ;

a) knowledge of Allaah and His Attributes
b) knowledge of Allaah’s right upon us
c) our worshipping Allaah alone and not associating any partner with Him in this [30]
d) worldly knowledge

Answers: a) b) c)

Footnotes for MCQ:

[23] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

And we should know also before entering into the matters (about to be discussed) that what is meant by al ‘ilm (knowledge) which is obligatory upon the nation – whether it be (knowledge) obligatory upon every individual or (knowledge) which is a communal obligation – is al ‘ilm ush shar’ee (the legislated knowledge) with which the Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam came.

[24] Shaykh Saalih ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez aale Shaykh hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool:

And this (refers) to ma’rifah (knowledge and awareness) of the Three Fundamental Principles:

The servant’s ma’rifah of his Lord
And the servant’s ma’rifah of his religion
And the servant’s ma’rifah of his Prophet

This is obligatory. So taqleed (blind following) does not bring benefit in the like of this (type of) knowledge; it is obligatory that the servant gains it with its proofs.

And the people of knowledge have a well known saying:

Taqleed (blind following) does not bring benefit in issues of creed and belief.

[25] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

So the five obligatory prayers which are upon the men and the women, and the congregational prayer in the mosques which are upon the men; this is obligatory upon every individual from the Muslims that he learn about them. Therefore he (the author) said:” it is obligatory upon us”, and he did not say ‘it is obligatory upon some of us’. He said it is “obligatory upon us”, meaning upon us, the Muslims.

[26] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

He must learn these matters in detail; it is not merely the case that he prays and he does not know the rulings of the prayer. How can a person do an action and he does not have knowledge of the action that he is performing?… So it is essential that he learns the rulings of the prayer and those things which nullify the prayer; he must learn this.

[27] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

It is that knowledge from the legislated rulings which is additional to that (knowledge from the first category) which the nation together has need of; and it may be the case that not every individual has a need of it. (This includes) the rulings of trading, and the rulings of dealings and transactions, and the rulings of religious endowments, and the laws of inheritance and bequests and the rulings of marriages and the rulings relating to crimes. These are essential for the nation.

However it is not obligatory upon every individual from the nation that he learn them. Rather if these things are learned by sufficient scholars such that what is required is attained then that will suffice.

[28] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

And this (worldly) knowledge may be something obligatory if the (Muslim) nation has need of it. Then it will be obligatory upon those who are capable.

However it (the worldly knowledge) is not the ‘ilm (knowledge) which is intended in the Qur’aan and the Sunnah, that which Allaah, the Most High, has praised and whose people He has praised and that about which the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

“The people of ‘ilm (the scholars) are the inheritors of the Prophets”

Reported by al Bukhaaree in ta’leeq (disconnected form) in the Book of Knowledge, Chapter: Knowledge comes before speech and action.

What is meant here is: al ‘ilm ush shar’ee (the legislated knowledge).

[29] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

He will say: “Haah, haah. I don’t know; I heard the people saying something so I said it.”

For this person, his grave will be made to blaze with fire upon him – and Allaah’s refuge is sought – and it will constrict upon him to the extent that his ribs interlock and he will come to be in a pit from the pits of the Hellfire.

[30] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

So the first thing which is obligatory upon the servant is knowledge and awareness of his Lord – the Mighty and Majestic – and he should worship Him.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

 

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 01 : Part C
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:

اِعْلَمْ  رَحِمَكَ اللهُ

Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you2


Shaykh Fawzan Explanation:

[2]:

His saying, “Know!”, it is a word which indicates giving importance to the topic, so when he said, “Know!”, then its meaning is that the matter which he is going to put before you is a matter which is important. So this word, “Know!”, indicates the importance of the topic which he is beginning it with.

And the meaning of, “Know!”, Is that it is a command from, ‘knowledge’, meaning, ‘learn!’. And knowledge means: to comprehend something as it actually is, or, to perceive something in accordance with how it actually is.

To comprehend something in a manner which is contrary to how it actually is in reality, or to perceive something contrary to the reality of it, this is ignorance, and it is the opposite of knowledge.

His saying, “May Allaah have Mercy upon you”, this is a supplication for the seeker of knowledge, so the shaikh makes supplication for the student of knowledge, that Allaah has Mercy upon him, and that He the Perfect and Most High should place Mercy upon them. So this shows the kindness of the teacher towards the student, and that he should begin with good and fine speech, and with righteous supplication, so that this has an effect upon him and so that he turns attentively to his teacher.

As for if the teacher begins with stern words, and with speech which is not appropriate, then this will alienate (i.e. will cause the student to flee). So what is obligatory upon the teacher and upon whoever calls to Allaah and whoever commands the good and forbids the evil is to be kind and gentle with those he addresses with making supplication for him and complimenting him and speaking with mild speech, because this is more likely to bring about acceptance.

As for the obstinate opponent and the person who proudly refuses to accept, then there is a different way of addressing this person. Allaah the Perfect said:

وَلَا تُجَادِلُوا أَهْلَ الْكِتَابِ إِلَّا بِالَّتِي هِيَ أَحْسَنُ إِلَّا الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا مِنْهُمْ ۖ وَقُولُوا آمَنَّا بِالَّذِي أُنزِلَ إِلَيْنَا وَأُنزِلَ إِلَيْكُمْ وَإِلَٰهُنَا وَإِلَٰهُكُمْ وَاحِدٌ وَنَحْنُ لَهُ مُسْلِمُونَ

And do not debate with the People of the Book except in a manner which is best, except those of them who transgress. And say we truly believe in what was sent down to us, and what was sent down to you, and our Lord whom we worship and your Lord is One, and we are Muslims in submission to Him. [29:46]

So those who transgressed from the People of the Book and knowingly and obstinately refused the truth, and rejected the truth with pride, those people are not addressed in the manner which is finest, rather they are addressed with that which will deter them. He the Most High said:

يَا أَيُّهَا النَّبِيُّ جَاهِدِ الْكُفَّارَ وَالْمُنَافِقِينَ وَاغْلُظْ عَلَيْهِمْ ۚ وَمَأْوَاهُمْ جَهَنَّمُ ۖ وَبِئْسَ الْمَصِيرُ

O Prophet, strive hard against the unbelievers and the hypocrites and be stern with them. And their final abode is the Hell-fire, and what an evil destination. [9:73] 

The hypocrites, they are not fought against with weapons, rather jihaad is waged against them with proof and speech and by refuting them with sternness as a deterrent for them, and in order to deter the rest of the people away from them. And He the Most High said with regard to them:

أُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ يَعْلَمُ اللَّهُ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَعْرِضْ عَنْهُمْ وَعِظْهُمْ وَقُل لَّهُمْ فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ قَوْلًا بَلِيغًا 

And admonish them with a saying which will have an effect upon them. [4:63]

There is a specific manner of addressing those people, because they are people who deliberately and obstinately reject, and reject from pride, and they do not want the truth, rather they want to misguide the people, so those people are addressed with that which befits them.

As for the student who seeks guidance, then he should be spoken to with gentleness and mercy, and kindness, because he desires the truth, and he desires knowledge and he desires benefit.

His saying, “Know! May Allaah have Mercy upon you”, is a supplication for you for mercy, for if Allaah truly has Mercy upon you, then through that you will be blissful in this life and in the hereafter, if you enter within the Mercy of Allaah – and this is a supplication from a great scholar and a righteous man, so it is to be hoped that it will be accepted, if Allaah wishes.

MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) for this Audio: (Source)

The Shaykh Saalih al Fawzaan hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation that:

Q1. when the Imaam says, “Know”:

a) he does so because he is assuming that the reader is ignorant of his own religion
b) he does so because he is assuming that the reader will not pay attention unless he is given a command like this
c) he does so because he wishes to draw attention to the importance of the topic he is about to discuss [9]
d) this word is a command, with meaning of “learn!”

Answers: c) d)

Q2) al ‘ilm (knowledge) is:

a) To perceive something in accordance to how that thing actually is [10]
b) Memorising many facts
c) To conceive of something in accordance to how it is
d) The opposite of al jahl (ignorance) [11]

Answers: a) d)

Q3) when the Imaam says, “May Allaah have mercy upon you”:[12]

a) He does so to remind the readers that death is close to all of us
b) He fears that the readers are people of sin, in great need of Allaah’s Mercy
c) He is making a du’aa (supplication) for the readers
d) He does so out of fear that the readers will curse him if he does not say this

Answer: c)

Q4) when the Imaam begins with a good word such as, “May Allaah have mercy upon you” [13]:

a) The student will be influenced by these good manners in a positive way
b) It will bring the student turn attentively to his teacher
c) It will prevent the student from being driven away from his teacher, such as would occur if the Imaam began with a harsh word instead
d) The student will blindly follow a teacher who begins his lesson in such a nice manner

Answers: a), b) c)

Q5) the scholar and the person who is calling to Allaah and enjoining the good and forbidding the evil should:

a) Call the people in a kind manner
b) Turn a blind eye to the sins of the people
c) Use gentle speech [14]
d) Constantly emphasise Allaah’s Punishment and Wrath and Anger

Answers: a) c)

Q6). when the scholars and callers are dealing with the hypocrites and people who stubbornly reject the Truth when it comes to them:

a) Then it is legislated to use sternness against them [15]
b) That one of the intentions is: to cause the rest of the people to have aversion to these hypocrites and disbelievers
c) That gentle words are used with them and gifts are given to them
d) That they ask the Muslim rulers to wage war on these hypocrites and disbelievers

Answers: a) b)

Q7). those people who stubbornly refuse to accept the Truth when it is presented to them:

a) Should be given money and gifts until they accept the Truth
b) Wish to misguide the rest of the people [16]
c) Should be dealt with in the same manner as those who are unaware of the Truth
d) Will definitely go to the Hellfire

Answers: b)

Footnotes for MCQ:

[9] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

When he says “know!” then its meaning is: the matter which he is going to put before you is an important matter ; so this word “know” indicates the importance of the topic which he is beginning with.

[10] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

Al ‘ilm (knowledge) is to comprehend something as it actually is or to perceive something in accordance with how it actually is.

[11] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

To comprehend something in a manner contrary to how it actually is in reality or to perceive something contrary to reality of it – this is al jahl (ignorance) and it is the opposite of al ‘ilm.

[12] Shaykh Zayd al Madkhalee rahimahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool :

Then he (the author) follows the tanbeeh (notification contained in the word “know”) with a supplication for every reader and for every listener. And (this) is the one of the manners of the scholars, those who give importance to the great affair of Islaam and of the Muslims and who love goodness for the person who seeks goodness, when he (the author) says: “may Allaah have mercy upon you”.

[13] Shaykh Saalih ibn ‘Abdil ‘Azeez aale Shaykh hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool about the statement “Know, may Allaah have mercy upon you”

And contained in this is talattuf (kindness), and it contains a notification that this knowledge is built upon kindness and upon mercy to the students – because it is a supplication for mercy for him..

The Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam said:

Ar Rahmaan (the Most Merciful) has mercy upon those who are merciful; have mercy upon those who are upon the Earth, the One who is above the Heaven will have mercy upon you.

The scholars said that the cause for this is that this knowledge is built upon mercy, and its result in this worldly life is mercy and its end outcome in the Hereafter is mercy. Therefore the Shaykh rahimahullaah drew attention to this in a kind and concise manner when he said:

Know – may Allah have mercy upon you
(this being) a supplication for mercy upon the student.

[14] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

So it is obligatory upon the teacher and upon the one who calls to Allaah and upon the one who commands with the good and prohibits the evil that they be kind and gentle to the person they are addressing with supplication for them and through complimenting them and using mild speech, because this is more likely to bring about acceptance.

[15] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

As for the mu’aanid (the one who stubbornly rejects the truth) and the one who mukaabir (the one who rejects it out of pride) then he is addressed in a different manner.

Allaah the Perfect says:

And do not debate with the People of the Book except in a way which is best – except with those of them who transgress. And say “We truly believe in what was sent down to us and in what was sent down to you. Our Lord whom we worship and your Lord is One and we are Muslims in submission to Him. [Soorah al ‘Ankaboot (29) aayah 46]

So those who transgressed from the People of the Book and who obstinately refused the Truth and rejected the Truth with pride – then those people are not addressed “billatee hiya ahsan”(in the manner which is best) – rather they are addressed with that which will deter them.

He the Most High said:

O Prophet! Strive hard against the kuffaar and the hypocrites and be stern with them. And their Final Abode is the Hellfire and what an evil destination. [Soorah at Tawbah (9) aayah 73]

[16] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

And He the Most High said about them (the hypocrites):

And admonish them with a saying that will have an effect upon them. [Soorah an Nisaa (4) aayah 63]

There is a specific manner for addressing them because they are people who reject out of stubbornness and pride and do not want the Truth; rather they only wish to misguide the people.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

Basmalah : It is Befitting to Begin With it in Every Important Affair – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 01 : Part B
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

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The Author’s Introduction

قال رحمه الله: بِسْمِ اللهِ الرَّحْمَـٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ

He, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said: In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.1


[1]: He began, may Allaah have mercy upon him, this treatise with the Basmalah, following the example of the Book of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, since the first thing which you see in the mus-haf (the printed copy of the Qur’aan), and before every soorah of it is, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm (In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy).

So therefore it is used to begin treatises, or letters and books and works following the example of the Book of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. And likewise the Prophet sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam used to write it at the start of his letters when he wrote to the governors and the chiefs and to those who were in the different regions of the earth, calling them to Islaam, he would begin his letter with,  Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm.

And he sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam used to begin his talks and his speech with,  Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm (“In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy”), which shows that beginning with,  Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm, is the sunnah of the Messenger sallallaahu ‘alaihi wasallam, just as Sulaymaan ‘alaihissalaam when he wrote to Bilqees, the Queen of Saba’, he began his letter with, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm:

قَالَتْ يَا أَيُّهَا الْمَلَأُ إِنِّي أُلْقِيَ إِلَيَّ كِتَابٌ كَرِيمٌ
إِنَّهُ مِن سُلَيْمَانَ وَإِنَّهُ بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الرَّحْمَٰنِ الرَّحِيمِ
أَلَّا تَعْلُوا عَلَيَّ وَأْتُونِي مُسْلِمِينَ

She said: O chiefs, a noble letter has been delivered to me, it is from Sulaymaan, and it reads, “In the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy”. Do not be haughty, and refuse what I call you to, but rather come to me in submission”. [27:29-31]

So it is befitting to begin with, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm, in every important affair and in every work which has importance and value, and in every letter.

So therefore those people who do not begin their works and their letters with, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm , those people have left the Prophetic sunnah and left following the example of the Book of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic and perhaps because of that these books of theirs and these letters of theirs do not contain blessing and do not contain benefit, because they are deprived of, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm. So therefore, they are deprived of benefit.

Why did they abandon, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm? They abandoned it because it is a sunnah, and they flee away from the sunnah, or they blindly follow those people who flee away from the sunnah. So it is befitting that attention is given to the like of this.

So the meaning of, Bismi Allāhi Ar-Raĥmāni Ar-Raĥīm, is seeking aid through the Name of Allaah.

So his saying, Bismi Allāh (With the Name of Allaah), this is a preposition, and a word which is governed by the preposition, connected to something which is left unmentioned, whose meaning is taken to be, “I seek aid through the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy”, or, “I begin with the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy”, seeking blessings by means of it and seeking the aid of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic.

So therefore it is a tremendous preface for speech and for books and for letters, so a person seeks the aid of Allaah in its beginning and seeks blessing by means of His Name, He the Perfect and Most High.

MCQ (Multiple Choice Questions) for this Audio: (Source)

The Shaykh Saalih al Fawzaan hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation that:

Q1. The Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil Wahhaab rahimahullaah is following which example in beginning with the statement bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem:

a) The example of the Qur’aan [4]
b) The example of the Sunnah of the Messenger sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam [5]
c) The example of the angels
d) The example of the people of Paradise

Answer: a) and b)

Q2, Beginning with the basmalah was the example of which prophet from earlier times:

a) Sulaymaan
b) Moosaa
c) Ibraaheem
d) Aadam
‘alaiyhimussalaatu was salaam

Answer: a)

Q3. This previous prophet was writing to whom when he used the phrase bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem: [6]

a) Daawood
b) The people of Loot
c) Fir’awn (Pharaoh)
d) Bilqees

Answer: d)

Q4. The people who do not begin those things which they have authored with bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem have done what:

a) Left the Prophetic Sunnah
b) Abandoned the example of the Book of Allaah
c) Committed a major sin
d) Committed an act of apostasy

Answers: a) b)

Q5, The consequences of not beginning that which a person has authored with bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem may be:

a) Entering the Hellfire
b) Those writings being deprived of blessing
c) Those writings be deprived of benefit
d) Being punished in the Grave

Answers: b) c)

Q6. The reason why a person might leave off beginning his writings with bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem is because:

a) He has an aversion to the Sunnah
b) He is a mushrik (person of shirk)
c) He has complete tawakkul (reliance) upon Allaah
d) He blindly follows someone else who has an aversion to the Sunnah

Answers: a) d)

Q7. A person ,when he begins with bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem, intends what? [7]

a) I testify that there is none worthy of worship except Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
b) In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy I live and I die
c) I seek the aid through the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy
d) I begin with the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy seeking blessing by doing so [8]

answer: c) and d)

Footnotes for MCQ:

[4] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

This is the first thing that you see in the mus-haf (the written copy of the Qur’aan) and before every soorah from it – bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem (in the Name of Allaah, the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.

[5] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

He (the Prophet sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam) used to write it (the basmalah) at the start of his letters when he wrote to the governors and to the chiefs and to those who were in the different regions of the Earth, calling them to Islaam…And he sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam used to begin his talks and his speech with “bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem”..

[6] Allaah, the Most High, states:

She said: O chiefs! There has been delivered to me a noble letter.
It is from Sulaymaan and it reads:
Bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem.
Do not be haughty and refuse what I call you to but come to me in submission. (Soorah an Naml (27) aayaat 29 to 31)

[7] Shaykh Zayd al Madkhalee hafidhahullaah mentions in his explanation of Thalaathat ul Usool :

.. bismillaah ir rahmaan ir raheem meaning: I begin this action of mine and my writing, seeking blessing in the Name of the Deity who alone is deserving of the right to be worshipped, to the exclusion of everything other than Him, the One who is described with the Attributes of Perfection and Majesty – and from them is the Attribute of ar Rahmah (Mercy) in the general sense and the Attribute of Mercy in the specific sense. The Attribute of Mercy in a general sense is that which is indicated by His statement, He the Most High: ar Rahmaan.. And the Attribute of Mercy specific to the believers is that which is indicated by His statement, He the Most High: ar Raheem..

[8] Shaykh al Fawzaan comments in his explanation of al Usool uth Thalaathah:

So therefore it(the basmalah) is a tremendous preface for speech and for books and for letters – so a person seeks the aid of Allaah in their beginning and seeks blessing by means of His Name.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Shaykh Fawzan’s Introduction to “Sharh Usool ath-Thalaathah” – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah : Lesson 01 : Part A
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

[Souncloud Audio Link

The Introduction to the Explanation (Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah)

In the Name of Allaah the Extremely Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.

All Praise is for Allaah the Lord of the whole of creation and may Allaah extol and grant peace and security to our prophet Muhammad and to his true followers and to his companions, all of them.

And to Proceed:

So before us is this treatise – the treatise “The Three Fundamental Principles” – and it is a tremendous treatise which is brief, supported by evidences from the Book of Allaah and the sunnah of his Messenger sallaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam.

And this small treatise is about a tremendous fundamental matter from the fundamentals of Islaam and it is al-‘aqeedah – creed and belief. And the scholars give importance to these brief works, authoring them and exerting themselves to shorten them and refine them, then they would encourage their students to memorize them so that they should remain fundamental assets for them and a store of provision for them which they can derive benefit from, and bring benefit to others by means of them.

And beginning with these shorter works is the foundation for the students of knowledge, so the student of knowledge should begin by learning little by little, taking from the initial points of knowledge and its fundamentals and then proceed in stages through it.

So these brief works are the path leading on to the longer works. So it is not possible for the longer works to be understood except after the brief works have been understood and then the person has proceeded on from them in stages. And therefore they said about the meaning of His saying, He the Most High:

وَلَٰكِن كُونُوا رَبَّانِيِّينَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تُعَلِّمُونَ الْكِتَابَ وَبِمَا كُنتُمْ تَدْرُسُونَ

But rather be rabbaaniyyoon (wise scholars who cultivate the people) by your teaching them the Book and your studying it [3:79]

The word rabbaaniyoon – they are those who begin with the small matters of knowledge before the greater ones. They cultivate themselves and their students beginning with the smaller matters and moving on to the larger matters, and this is something natural, because all things begin from their roots and their foundations and then they grow bigger and larger after that.

As for the person who pounces upon knowledge from its top, then this person will just tire himself out and will not attain anything. Whereas the one who begins with the fundamentals and proceeds in stages, this is the person, who by the permission of Allaah will be proceeding in the correct way and with sound direction.

He, the Most High, said:

يَسْأَلُونَكَ عَنِ الْأَهِلَّةِ ۖ قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ وَالْحَجِّ ۗ وَلَيْسَ الْبِرُّ بِأَن تَأْتُوا الْبُيُوتَ مِن ظُهُورِهَا وَلَٰكِنَّ الْبِرَّ مَنِ اتَّقَىٰ ۗ وَأْتُوا الْبُيُوتَ مِنْ أَبْوَابِهَا

They ask you about the crescent moons. Say: they are signs to mark periods of time for mankind and for the hajj. And righteousness in not that you enter the houses from their backs, but rather righteousness is the quality of the person who has taqwaa (who fears and is dutiful to Allaah). And enter houses through their proper doors. [2:189]

Those people asked a question about the crescent moons: why does the crescent moon begin as something small and then grow larger until it becomes full, then it grows smaller until it is again a crescent? So Allaah rebukes them, and directed them towards asking about that which will benefit them, and that they should come to the houses of knowledge from their correct doors.

As for asking about the crescent moon and it conditions and its smallness and its largeness, then this has no benefit in it for them, rather benefit is that they ask about what they are in need of and that is awareness of the benefits of the crescent moon, and therefore He said:

قُلْ هِيَ مَوَاقِيتُ لِلنَّاسِ

Say: they are signs to mark periods of time for mankind [2:189]

So He explained their benefits and that is that Allaah makes them signs marking periods of time for mankind by means of which they can become aware of acts of worship and dealings and time spans and other than that.

So He directed them to the benefits of the crescent moons and He did not respond to their question about the reality of the crescent moons, because there was no benefit for them in that, and so that He should direct them towards what is befitting for them to ask about and it is the doors to knowledge, not the back-doors of knowledge and the superfluous unnecessary matters which they have no need of. And if they do have some need of them, then it is only a slight need.

Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by  Daawood  Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series:
Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Book Study Resources – Three Fundamental Principles

Related Links:

The Ninety-Nine Names of Allaah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Taken from the Lessons of Kitaab at-Tawheed of Shaykh Muhammad bin AbdulWahhaab, rahimahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

List of The 99 Names of Allaah – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Dawud Burbank [PDF]

Download Complete Transcription of the the following Audio –  [PDF]

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Decsription of the Names are transcribed from above Audio:

1st Name: الله  Allaah

Concerning the name Allaah, Ibn ul-Qayyim said in Midaarij us-Saalikeen:

“The name Allaah indicates all of the perfect names and lofty attributes in all three ways of indication since it indicates His Divinity, which indicates affirmation of all the characteristics of divinity for Him along with negation of their opposites for Him. So, the attributes of divinity are the attributes of perfection being free from any likeness with the creation and free of any deficiency or imperfection.”

And the author of the explainer of Kitaab at-Tawheed in Tayseer ul-`Azeez al-Hameed, brings a quote from Ibn ul-Qayyim also with regard to the excellent qualities of the name Allaah that Ibn ul-Qayyim rahimahullaah said:

As for the particular virtues of the meaning of this name Allaah then in this regard the most knowledgeable of the creation sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam himself said:

“I could not praise You enough as You deserve, You are as You have praised Yourself.”[1]

He said, so how could we enumerate the special virtues of the name of the One Who comprises every perfection unrestrictedly and every praise and commendation and every laudation and exaltation and all splendour and all perfection and all glory and all beauty and all good and all eminence and all generosity, excellence and goodness is for Him and is from Him.

So, this name Allaah is not mentioned upon a small amount of something except that it causes it to increase. Nor is it mentioned in a state of fear except that it removes it. Nor is it mentioned upon any misfortune except that it relieves it. Nor in any state of anxiety and distress except that it brings relief. Nor upon any state of difficulty except that it brings ease to it. None who is weak resorts to it except that it brings strength to him. Nor anyone in a state of humiliation except that it brings honour to him. Nor anyone in poverty except that he is enriched. Nor anyone who feels estranged and uneasy except that it causes him to feel at ease. Nor is it mentioned by one who has been overcome except that it brings aid and victory for him. Nor by one who is in straitened circumstances except that his difficulty is removed. Nor is it mentioned by a fugitive except that he finds refuge.

So, it is the name, meaning Allaah’s name Allaah, it is the name through which distress is removed through which the descent of blessings is sought and through which supplications are answered. Through it slips are corrected, sins are warded away and good deeds are brought closer.

It is the name with which the earth and heavens were established and with which the revealed books were sent down and with which the messengers were sent. With it the legislated laws were prescribed, through it the prescribed punishments were established and with it jihaad was prescribed.

Through this name the creation will become divided into the fortunate and the wretched. With it the true and tremendous day is established and with it, the scales of justice are set up, the bridge laid down and the Paradise and the Fire established. With it, the Lord of all creation is worshipped and praised, for its right the messengers were sent and it will be asked about in the grave and for it, there will be the resurrection. Dispute is regarding it and judgement is to it and alliance and enmity are for it. Through it those who know it and establish its rights will be the fortunate ones and through it those who are ignorant of it and leave its rights will be the wretched ones.

So, it is the reason for creation and command and through it, they are established and confirmed and to it they arrive at a conclusion. So, the creation comes about through it, returns to it and exists because of it. So, there is nothing in creation and no command nor reward and no punishment except that it starts from it and ends with it. That is what brings it about and its reason. Then he quotes the aayah:

رَبَّنَا مَا خَلَقْتَ هَٰذَا بَاطِلًا سُبْحَانَكَ فَقِنَا عَذَابَ النَّارِ

O our Lord, You have not created all of this without purpose, free and far removed are You from that. So save us from the punishment of the Fire.  (Soorah Aali `Imraan (3), aayah 191)

Then with regard to the name الله  Allaah, brief indication of the meaning which is – the One Who is truly venerated and worshipped, the One deserving that He be singled out with all worship because of His perfect attributes of divinity.

With regard to the 2nd name that the Shaykh quotes, الأحَد  Al-Ahad (the Unique), the One Who is alone and unique in every sense, the One alone in His oneness, in His self and in His attributes, alone in His divinity.

The 3rd name; الأعْلَى  Al-A’laa (the Most High), the One Who is above everything, having power and control over everything and the One Who is exalted above every deficiency.

The 4th name;  الأكْرَم Al-Akram (the Most Generous), the One unequalled in His perfect generosity.

The 5th name; الإله Al-Ilaah, the One Who alone deserves to be worshipped.

The 6th name; الأوَّل  Al Awwal (the First) and this name, the 6th and the 7th and the 8th and the 9th Al-Awwalu, W`al Aakhiru W`al Dhaahiru W`al Baatin, the Shaykh has put most of the names as you can see in alphabetical order. These 4 names are out of alphabetical order and put together because they are all explained in an authentic hadeeth in Saheeh Muslim explained by Allaah’s Messenger himself sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

So Al Awwal (the First), is the One Who was before everything without any beginning.

The 7th name;  الآخِر Al-Aakhir (the Last), the One who remains after everything else without any end.

The 8th name; الظاهِر Adh-Dhaahir (the Uppermost One), the One such that nothing is above Him, He is above everything and He encompasses everything with His Knowledge.

The 9th name;  البَاطِن  Al-Baatin (the Innermost One), the One Who encompasses and knows the innermost secrets of everything.

The 10th name; البارِئ  Al-Baari` (the Originator) the One Who by His power originated and created and fashioned the created beings upon their separate forms without any prior example to follow and Who created and fashioned the souls in the wombs.

The 11th name;   البَرّ  Al-Barr with a baa and a raa and a shaddah on the raa, Al-Barr (the Most Benign and Kind), the One Who treats the creation in an excellent and kind manner, Who does not interrupt His fine treatment of them and Who rectifies their affairs for them.

The 12th name;  البَصِير Al-Baseer (the All-Seeing), the One Who sees everything such that nothing whatsoever is hidden from Him.

The 13th name;  التَّوَّاب  At-Tawwaab (the One Who guides His servants to repent and accepts their repentance), the One Who guides the servants that they should repent to Him, grants to them that they should repent and accepts their repentance again and again.

The 14th name;  الجَبَّار Al-Jabbaar (the Exalted and Almighty Compeller), the One to Whose might everything in the creation submits and the exalted One Who rectifies the affairs of His creation for them and Who restores the weak and the broken-hearted.

The 15th name;  الحافِظ  Al-Haafidh (the Protector), the One Who alone guards and protects the heavens and the earth and whatever they contain and Who protects His servants from destruction and from evil.

The 16th name;  الحَسِيب  Al-Haseeb (the Reckoner Who suffices), the One Who preserves the deeds of the creation and will bring them to account for them and the One Who suffices and protects His servants.

The 17th name;  الحَفِيظ  Al-Hafeedh (the Guardian), the One Who protects the servants from harm and Who perfectly preserves whatever deeds His servants have done, not losing any of their deeds and the One Who preserves and protects His beloved servants from falling into sins and from Satan.

The 18th name;  الحَفِيُّ  Al-Hafiyy (the Benevolent), the One Who is ever kind to His servants and ever responding to supplication.

The 19th name;  الحقّ Al-Haqq (the True One), the One true and certain in His existence in His self, in His attributes, in His sayings and in His actions.

The 20th name;  المُبِين  Al-Mubeen (the Clear and Manifest One), the One Whose sole Lordship and right to worship is clear and manifest.

The 21st name;  الحَكِيم  Al-Hakeem (the All-Wise), the One fully wise in everything He decrees and fully wise in His sayings and in His actions. There is no deficiency or error in anything He decrees, says or does.

The 22nd name;  الحَلِيم  Al-Haleem (the forbearing), the One Who does not immediately punish His servants for their sins, their shirk and their unbelief but rather He gives them the opportunity to repent.

The 23rd name;  الحَمِيد  Al-Hameed (the One Who is deservedly praised), the One Who is praised and fully deserves to be praised for His self, for His perfect names, for His attributes and for His perfect actions.

He 24th name;  الحَيّ Al-Hayy (the Everliving), the Everliving Who always remains without any beginning and any end with perfect and everlasting life Who never dies nor passes away.

The 25th name;  القَيُّوم  Al-Qayyoom (the Self-Subsisting One), upon Whom everything depends, the One Who sustains everything that exists, the One Who has no need whatever of anything but rather everything in existence has total need of Him.

The 26th name;  الخَبِير  Al-Khabeer (the Fully Aware), the One knowing fully everything that is, has been or will be, knowing whatever will bring harm or benefit, knowing the true condition of everything and the outcome of everything.

The 27th name;  الخَالِق Al-Khaaliq (the Creator and Maker of everything), the One Who brought everything into existence after it had previously not existed, the One Who has always had the attribute of being the Creator even when there was no creation in existence.

That’s a fine point that Shaykh ul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah brings out and makes clear, “This was Allaah’s attribute always that He did not become the Creator when the creation came into existence, rather He has always been the Creator. This has always been His attribute.”

The 28th name;  الخَلاّق Al Khallaaq (the Creator) who creates again and again, the One for Whom it is not difficult to create anything.

The 29th name;  الرَّؤُوف Ar-Ra’oof (the Compassionate and Kind), the One Who is kind and compassionate to His servants.

The 30th name;  الرَّحْمَان Ar-Rahmaan (the Extremely Merciful), the Merciful One Who has as His attribute mercy, the One possessing tremendous and extensive mercy.

The 31st name;  الرَّحِيم  Ar-Raheem (the Bestower of mercy), the One Who has mercy upon the creation.

As the verifier has mentioned, the difference between Ar-Rahmaan and Ar-Raheem is Ar-Rahmaan is with regard to the attribute of Allaah’s self, the attribute He has Himself of extreme mercy and Ar-Raheem is His bestowing mercy upon the creation with regard to His action.

The 32nd name;  الرَّزَّاق Ar-Razzaaq (the Great Provider), the One Who provides extensively for the whole of the creation whatever they need and Who also provides the provision of beneficial knowledge and eemaan for the hearts of His obedient servants indicating the rizq that is general, that which is for the whole creation that He provides whatever the whole creation needs with regard to provision and sustenance and the particular, that which He provides for His beloved servants, the provision in addition to the general provision, the particular provision, the special provision, that of beneficial knowledge and eemaan providing sustenance for the hearts of His believing servants.

The 33rd name;  الرَّقِيب  Ar-Raqeeb (the Ever Watchful Guardian), the One Who misses nothing whatsoever, being aware of all deeds and of whatever thoughts are contained in the hearts of the creation.

The 34th name;  السّلام As-Salaam (the Impeccable One or Flawless One without any defect), the One free of all imperfections and deficiencies because of His perfection in His self, His attributes and His actions and the One Who renders His creation safe from His punishing anyone who does not deserve punishment and Who renders the creation safe from His oppressing them.

The 35th name;  السَّمِيع  As Samee’ (the All-Hearing), the One Who has as His attribute perfect hearing, the One Who hears everything within the creation even that which is most quiet and secret.

The 36th name;  الشَاكِر  Ash-Shaakir (the Appreciative), the One Who rewards a small deed with a great reward as mentioned by AtTabaree and Ibn Katheer in their Tafseers in explanation of it.

The 37th name;  الشَّكُور  Ash-Shakoor (the One most ready to appreciate and reward abundantly). The One Who rewards abundantly and multiplies the rewards of His obedient servants for their deeds, deeds which He himself favoured them with, deeds which He Himself granted to them, the One Who does not allow any of their deeds to be lost.

The 38th name;  الشَّهِيد  Ash-Shaheed (the Witness), the One Who witnesses everything, that which is apparent and that which is hidden.

The 39th name; الصَّمَد  As-Samad (the Perfect Lord and Master upon Whom the whole of creation depends), the Lord and Master Whose control is complete, upon Whom the whole of the creation depends for its needs because of His perfection in His self, His names, His attributes and His actions. The One Who remains and never passes away, the One Who neither eats nor drinks, free of all needs.

The 40th name;  العَالِم  Al-`Aalim (the All-Knower of the seen and the unseen), the Knower of whatever is hidden and whatever is manifest.

The 41st name;  العَزِيز  Al-`Azeez (the Almighty or the Invincible), the Almighty One Whom nothing can overcome, the One mighty in vengeance when He punishes His enemies, the All-Powerful One Who overcomes all and before Whose Might all submit and Who has no need of anyone.

The 42nd name; العَظِيم  Al-`Adheem (the Tremendous One or the Magnificent), the One tremendous in greatness and the only One deservingly held in awe and venerated by the creation for His greatness in every sense.

The 43rd name;  العَفُوّ  Al-`Afuww with an `ain and a faa and a waaw with a shaddah on it (the One Who pardons again and again), the One Who continues to pardon the sins of His servants and leaves off punishment for them, the One Who pardons His slaves so that they do not suffer the consequences of their sins if they repent.

The 44th name;  العَلِيم Al-`Aleem (the All-Knowing) and here we’ll quote quite a longest saying from Imaam Ahmad in explanation of Al-`Aleem found in the book Ar-rad `ala al-Jahmiyyah that he said,

“He is the One Who knows everything in the seven heavens and the seven earths and whatever is between them and whatever is beneath the ground and whatever is in the depths of the oceans and who knows the place where every hair grows and every tree and the place where each leaf falls and the number of stones there are and the number of the grains of sand and the number of grains of soil and the weight of the mountains and all of the actions of the servants and the traces they leave behind and their speech and every breath they take, He knows everything, nothing is hidden from Him whilst He is upon the Throne above the seven heavens, He, the Perfect and Most High.”

So He knows whatever was, whatever is and whatever will be before it occurs and He knows the true and hidden reality of everything and He knows whatever is not going to be and how it would be if it were to exist and He has always been the All-Knowing, perfect in His knowledge.

The 45th name;  العَلِيّ  Al-`Aliyy (the Exalted), the Exalted One, Exalted in His attributes and His greatness, High Above what the wrongdoers say and the One Who is Himself above the creation ascended upon the Throne and the One Who has ascendancy over the creation by His might. The 3 meanings of Uluw are all affirmed for Allaah; the Uluw of His being exalted and far above what the wrongdoers say, Exalted in His attributes, the One Who is Himself above and is ascended upon the Throne and thirdly, the One Who has ascendancy by His Might over the creation.

The 46th name;  الغَفَّار Al-Ghaffaar (the Oft-forgiving), the One Who forgives the sins of His servants again and again whenever the servant repents and Who hides the sins of the servants and does not expose them.

The 47th name;  الغَفُور Al-Ghafoor (the One Who forgives extensively), the One Who covers up the sins of the servant to an extent that cannot even be comprehended and Who forgives them so that He does not punish them for those sins.

The 48th name;  الغَنِيّ Al-Ghaniyy (the Independent One Who is free of all need), the One Who has no need whatsoever of the creation, the One Who is free from any poverty or need, the One in Whose Hand lie the treasures of the heavens and the earth and of this world and the Hereafter.

The 49th name;  الفَتَّاح Al-Fattaah, with a faa and a taa with a shaddah on it and a alif and a haa, (the Judge and Opener Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood), the Judge Who judges between His servants with the truth and with justice, with His legislation and with His decree and Who is never unjust and the One Who opens the gates of mercy and provision and whatever is closed to His servants and Who opens the eyes and hearts of His servants for them to see the truth and the One Who aids and grants victory to His believing servants and Who distinguishes the truth from falsehood.

And the 50th name;  القَادِر Al-Qaadir (the Fully Able One), the One fully able to do anything He wills, nothing renders Him incapable or wearies him.

The 51st name;  القَاهِر Al-Qaahir (the Invincible Subduer), the One Who subdues His creation from above to Whom everything submits, none can repel what He ordains or depart from what He decrees.

The 52nd name;  القُدُّوس Al-Quddoos (the Pure and Perfect), the Pure and Exalted One, High Above every impurity, the One Whom the noble angels venerate, the One free of any opposites, rivals, consorts and children, having perfection as His attribute, the One declared free of all deficiencies and imperfections and free of having anyone with the like of His perfection or anyone close to it.

The 53rd name;  القَدِير Al-Qadeer (the All-Powerful), the One Who is able to do all things, nothing renders Him incapable or wearies Him, the One perfect in His power, the One Who by His power created everything in existence and with His power, He controls them, completes them and gives life and death to them and with His power, He will resurrect His servants and reward and punish them, whenever He wishes something, He says kun (be) and it is.

The 54th name;  القَرِيب Al-Qareeb (the One Who is near to the servants), He draws nearer to those who perform acts of worship and seek nearness to Him and He is close to their hearts, He is nearer to everyone who makes supplication to Him and also in addition, He is nearer to the people with His knowledge and awareness, witnessing and encompassing everything whilst He is above the Throne; `Arsh.

The 55th name;  القَوِيّ Al-Qawiyy (the One perfect in strength), the One fully able to do anything, none can overcome Him, none can repel His decrees.

The 56th name;  القَهَّار  Al-Qahhaar (the Overwhelming Subduer Who is never overcome), the One Who alone subdues the whole of the creation with His sovereign authority and power, nothing occurs except with His permission, everything submits to Him, the One Who subdues the most obstinate and renegade tyrants with His punishment and Who subdues the whole of the creation with death.

The 57th name; الكَبِير  Al-Kabeer (the Incomparably Great), the Tremendous One Who is greater than everything, everything else is insignificant before Him, He is greater than anything imagined by the creation.

The 58th name;  الكَرِيم  Al-Kareem (the Bountiful), the Generous One, abundant in good, the One Who causes and makes easy every good and Who bestows generously, the One so generous that He even bestows favours upon those Who reject His favours and then use them as a means to disobey Him.

The 59th name;  اللَّطِيف  Al-Lateef (the Subtle and Kind), the One Who is fully aware of the hidden details of all affairs and of that which will benefit the servants and Who is kind to them and causes that which is good for them to reach them by a means which they had no expectation of.

The 60th name; المُؤمِن   Al-Mu`min (the True and Trustworthy), the granter of security, the One Who is true in His words and true to the promise He has made to the servants and Who does not disappoint His believing servants, the One Who safeguards His servants in this world and the Hereafter and Who renders His beloved servants safe from His punishment and Who renders the whole of the creation safe from His oppressing them.

The 61st name,  المُتَعَالِي  Al-Muta’aalee (the Supreme and Exalted One), the One supremely exalted above everything by His power, the One exalted above His creation in His being above them, having power over them and His subduing them, the One High Above and far removed from having anything else like Him and the One free and far removed from the lies of those who invent lies against Him and free from the characteristics of the creation.

The 62nd name;  المُتَكَبِّر  Al-Mutakabbir (the One Supreme in Glory), the justly and rightfully proud, the One Who is alone truly High and Mighty, exalted in glory above everything, the One Who disdains and is exalted above all evil and oppression against His servants and above everything not befitting Him.

The 63rd name;  المَتِين  Al-Mateen (the Strong), the One mighty in strength, the Powerful One whose strength does not end and who does not experience any difficulty in His actions nor does He experience any tiredness.

The 64th name;  المُجِيب  Al-Mujeeb (the Responsive), the One who responds to supplications of those who call upon him wherever they are and whatever situation they are in, no matter how many they are in number and who responds in particular to those who submit to him and those in dire need.

The 65th name;  المَجِيد  Al-Majeed (the One Perfect in Glory and Honour), the One great in honour, the One greatly extolled and praised, the magnificent One, having the characteristics of glory, majesty, greatness and splendour, the One greater, more tremendous and more exalted than everything, the One glorified and venerated in the hearts of His beloved servants.

The 66th name;  المُحِيط  Al-Muheet (the All-Encompassing), the One Who encompasses everything with His power and with His knowledge and has fully enumerated everything and the One Who encompasses everything with His mercy and His subjugation.

The 67th name; المُصَوِّر   Al-Musawwir (the Bestower of forms), the One Who forms and fashions His creation however He wishes, the One Who gives form to everything in existence, giving each created thing a particular form and appearance, which distinguishes it from all other created things.

The 68th name;  المُقْتَدِر  Al-Muqtadir (the Omnipotent), the One Whose power is absolute, the One for Whom nothing is impossible, He is fully able to do whatever He wishes.

The 69th name;  المُقِيت  Al-Muqeet (the All-Powerful Maintainer), the All-Powerful, the Guardian Who witnesses everything, the One Who provides each created being with the sustenance it requires.

The 70th name;  المَلِك  Al-Malik (the King), the sole, absolute and true Sovereign King, complete and perfect in His Kingship, the One Whom there is no Kingship above His Kingship nor anywhere near it, everything being incomparable to Him and beneath Him, the Sovereign Owner of everything who does whatever He wishes with regard to the creation with nothing to prevent or hinder Him, whose commands are fully effective within His dominion, the king of all kings.

The 71st name;  المَلِيك  Al-Maleek (the Omnipotent Sovereign), the Sovereign Who is fully able to do whatever He wishes, the Tremendous King Who created and decreed everything.

The 72nd name;  المَولَى  Al-Mawlaa (the Patron Lord or the Master and Supporter), the One Who supports and aids the creation, supporting all of them in general and aiding the believers in particular, the Lord and Master who aids the believers against their enemies, the one who causes whatever will benefit His believing servants to reach them.

The 73rd name;  المُهَيْمِن  Al-Muhaymin (the Trustworthy and Ever Watchful Witness), the One Who witnesses all the deeds and sayings of the creation, the One Who sent down His book and is a witness to its truth, the trustworthy One Who confirms the truth of everything He says and the ever watching guardian over His creation.

The 74th name; النَّصِير   An-Naseer (the Helper), the One Who aids the believers against their enemies and makes their feet firm when they face the enemy and Who casts terror into the hearts of their enemies. [2]

The 75th name;  الوَاحِد  Al-Waahid (the One and Only), the One Who always has been and always will be One and alone with regard to His self, His dhaat, the One Who has no partner, no sharer and no equal.

The 76th name; الوَارِث  Al-Waarith (the Inheritor), the One Who remains forever, the One Who remains after everything else perishes, the One Who inherits the earth and everything upon it, the One Who remains forever and never passes away.

The 77th name;  الوَاسِع  Al Waasi’ (the Vast One), the One vast with regard to His attributes and characteristics such that none can fulfil and encompass the praise that is due to Him, the One vast and tremendous in His greatness, His authority and His sovereignty and the One Who encompasses the whole of creation with His generosity, His blessings and with the tremendous good which He grants to them and with His mercy.

The 78th name; الوَدُود  Al-Wadood (the Loving One and the Beloved One), the One Who loves His believing servants and the One Who is loved by them, the One Who loves His prophets and messengers and their followers and is loved by them such that nothing is more beloved to them than Him.

The 79th name;  الوَكِيل  Al-Wakeel (the Trustworthy Disposer of Affairs), the One Who is depended upon and is true to His promise, the all-encompassing guardian Who suffices those who place their trust and reliance in Him, the One Who takes care of the affairs of His creation with His perfect knowledge and power and so is the finest disposer of their affairs.

The 80th name;  الوَلِيّ Al-Waliyy (the Guardian Lord), the One Who aids, assists, guides and grants success to the believers, the Guardian, the Master of everything, in control of everything.

The 81st name;  الوَهَّاب  Al-Wahhaab (the Bestower), the One Who bestows His bounties universally and perpetually, giving them freely for no compensation, the One Who gives His bounties throughout the ages to all the inhabitants of the heavens and the earth, the One Who alone grants health, wellbeing and strength, the One Who grants guidance, successful attainment of what is correct; tawfeeq and firmness upon His religion to the believers.

Then with regard to the rest of the names then the Shaykh has taken them from the authentic Sunnah:

The 82nd name;  الجَمِيل  Al-Jameel (the Beautiful One), the One beautiful in His self, in His names, His attributes and His actions, the One such that everything beautiful in existence is a result and an effect of His beauty, the One so beautiful that when the people of Paradise see Him in Paradise, they forget all the delights and bliss which they enjoy in Paradise because of His beauty, the One perfect in beauty such that nothing is like Him.

The 83rd name; الجَوَاد   Al-Jawaad (the Munificent), the One Whose generosity covers everything in existence, the One Who gives liberally and generously to those in need even when they reject and disbelieve in Him, the One who from His generosity has prepared in Paradise for His believing servants that which no eye has ever seen, no ear has ever heard of and which has never been imagined by anyone.

The 84th name;  الحَكَم  Al-Hakam (the Judge), the One Who judges between the creation in this world by His revelation and Who judges between them in the Hereafter with His knowledge and Who establishes justice for those who have been wronged by others.

The 85th name;  الحَيِّي  Al-Hayyiyu (the One Who honourably disdains anything unbecoming His mercy and generosity), the One Who honourably disdains to leave the servants who supplicate to Him empty handed, the One Who covers up the sins of the servants and does not expose them, the One Who does not do anything unbecoming His extensive mercy, His perfect generosity and His forbearance, rather He pardons the faults of the servants and covers them.

The 86th name;  الرَّبّ  Ar-Rabb (the Lord and Nurturer) the Lord and Master who has none like Him in His Lordship, the One Who nurtures and rectifies the affairs of the creation by the favours which He showers upon them, the Sovereign Owner Who alone creates and commands, the One Who controls the affairs and grants blessings, the One Who nurtures, the Creator, the Provider, the One Who aids and the One Who guides.

The 87th name;  الرَّفِيق  Ar-Rafeeq (the Gentle), the One Who is gentle with His servants, gentle in His actions having created the creation in stages in accordance with His wisdom and gentleness.

The 88th name;  السُّبُّوح  As-Subbooh (the Venerated and Perfect), the One venerated and declared free of every deficiency, the One Whom the angels venerate.

The 89th name;  السَّيِّد As-Sayyid (the Lord and Master), the Owner of the whole creation, all of the creation are His slaves, the Lord Whom all of the creation are in total need of.

The 90th name;  الشَّافِي  Ash-Shaafee (the One Who cures), the One Who alone removes from the servants that which causes harm or pain to their hearts and their bodies, the One Who cures whomever He wills such that none can cure except Him.

The 91st name;  الطَّيِّب AtTayyib (the Pure One), the One perfect and rightly declared free of all deficiencies and shortcomings.

The 92nd name;  القابِض  Al-Qaabid and the 93rd name; البَاسِط  Al-Baasit  . It’s befitting that they are mentioned together. Al-Qaabid (the Withholder) and Al-Baasit (the Granter of ample provision). Then with regard to Al-Qaabid; the One Who withholds His provision and other than it from the servants in accordance with His wisdom and subtle kindness and the One Who takes the souls at the point of death and Al-Baasit; the One Who grants ample and extensive provision to His servants and the One Who diffuses the souls of the living in their bodies.

The 94th and the 95th name which again it is befitting that they are mentioned together.   المُقَدِّم Al-Muqaddim (the One Who gives precedence) and  المُؤَخِّر Al-Mu`akhkhir (the One Who puts back).Then with regard to Al-Muqaddim (the One Who gives precedence), the One Who gives precedence to whatever He loves should be given precedence to with regard to their status and their order in accordance with His wisdom and Al-Mu`akhkhir; the One Who puts back whatever He wishes, putting back whatever wisdom and rectitude necessitates should be put back.

The 96th name; المُحْسِن   Al-Muhsin, the One Who acts in a good and fine manner, the One such that all His actions are perfect.

The 97th name;  المُعْطِي  Al Mu’tee (the Giver), the One Who gives to whomever it is fitting should be given.

The 98th name; المَنَّان  Al-Mannaan (the Beneficent Bestower of bounties), the One such that all favours and blessings originate from Him, He is the One Who granted them and favoured the creation with them.

The 99th name; الوِتْر  Al-Witr (the One Who has no partner nor anyone like Him), He Who is One in His self, One in His attributes, One in His actions, having no partner and no helper, Subhaanahu Wata’ala.

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by Muslim from the hadeeth of A’ishah radiyAllaahu `anha.

[2] Translator’s side point: Al-Asbahaanee said in his book Al-Hujjah with regard to this name An-Naseer (the Helper) because of its meaning, he said “It is right and proper that every person when he sees an evil being done that he should forbid it and he should firmly believe that Allaah will help him because Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic said:

“If you give aid to Allaah’s religion, He will help you.”

Then he said “So everyone who wishes by his saying and his action to attain the pleasure of Allaah then Allaah will aid and help him.”

Transcribed by Saima Zaher
Reviewed, edited and formatted by AbdurRahman.Org

Related Link:

Kitaab-ut-Tawheed – Explanation of Imam al-Sa’di – Dawud Burbank [Audio Series|En]

https://abdurrahman.org/asma-wa-sifaat-com/

A Brief discussion of some points from the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah – Imam al-Sa’di | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

[Souncloud Audio Link]

This short audio clip has been extracted from the Class#01 of audio series:
Kitaab-ut-Tawheed – Expl of Imam al-Sa’di – Dawud Burbank [Audio Series|En]