Sharh-ul-Usool ath-Thalaathah : Lesson 46 (Part A)
Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
The Hisaab (Account) and The Meezaan (the Balance)
Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) said:
After the Resurrection the people will be brought to hisaab (account) and will be rewarded or punished for their actions. And the proof is His saying, He the Most High:
وَلِلَّهِ مَا فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَا فِي الْأَرْضِ لِيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَسَاءُوا بِمَا عَمِلُوا وَيَجْزِيَ الَّذِينَ أَحْسَنُوا بِالْحُسْنَى
And to Allah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth,So that He may recompense those who did evil for what they did; and that He may reward those who did good with the best reward of Paradise. [53:31]
 Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan’s Explanation :
From the actions that will occur on the Day of Resurrection is al hisaab (the Reckoning) and al meezaan (the Balance). The hisaab has the meaning of munaaqashah (interrogation) of the people of sins.
So the Muslims will be of three categories on the Day of Resurrection:
The first category from them are those who will have no hisaab (reckoning) and will enter Paradise without any reckoning and without any punishment, just as occurs in the hadeeth of the seventy thousand who will enter Paradise without any reckoning and without any punishment.
 Hadeeth reported by al Bukhaaree (5705) and Muslim from the hadeeth of ‘Imraan ibn Husayn radi Allaahu ‘anhu
The second category of the people are those who will be given a light reckoning, and it is al-‘ard (presentation of the record) only. He is not taken to account with the reckoning of interrogation but rather will be reckoned such that the record is just presented to him. And this person is also (as well as the first category) one of the people of bliss. He, the Most High, said:
فَأَمَّا مَنْ أُوتِيَ كِتَابَهُ بِيَمِينِهِ – فَسَوْفَ يُحَاسَبُ حِسَابًا يَسِيرًا – وَيَنقَلِبُ إِلَىٰ أَهْلِهِ مَسْرُورًا
So as for the one who is given his record of deeds in his right hand, then he will soon receive a light reckoning and he will return to his family joyful. [84:7-9]
The third category: those who will receive a reckoning involving interrogation and this person is in great danger, because of his sall Allaahu ‘alaihi wa sallam saying:
Whoever has his record closely examined will be punished.
[Reported by al Bukhaaree (103) and Muslim (2876) from the hadeeth of ‘Aaishah radiAllaahu‘anhaa]
As for the kuffaar (disbelievers) then the scholars disagree regarding them: will they receive a reckoning or will they not receive a reckoning? So from the scholars are those who say that the disbelievers will not receive a reckoning because they (the disbelievers) do not have any good deeds. Rather they will be taken straight to the Fire because they have no good deeds. And from the scholars are those who say (that) they will receive a reckoning with a hisaab (reckoning) of taqreer (confession), meaning a (confession) of their deeds, their kufr (disbelief) and their apostasy. Then they will be taken to the Fire.
And the meezaan (the Balance) means the apparatus upon which the deeds of the people will be weighed. The good deeds will be placed on one scale and the evil deeds on one scale.
He, the Most High, said:
فَمَن ثَقُلَتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمُ الْمُفْلِحُونَ – وَمَنْ خَفَّتْ مَوَازِينُهُ فَأُولَٰئِكَ الَّذِينَ خَسِرُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ
So whoever’s balance of good deeds is heavy, then they will be the successful ones. And whoever’s balance of good deeds is light then they are the ones who have caused their own souls to be in loss. [23:102-103]
So if the evil deeds outweigh, then the person will lose; and if the good deeds outweigh, then the person will succeed.
This Balance is a balance for the deeds; and likewise, the person who is given the record in his right hand, then his reckoning will be easy. And whoever is given his record in his left hand, then his reckoning will be difficult and he will see the terrors and the huge dangers and he will go on from one danger to the next in the different stages of the Resurrection, and the Reckoning, and Gathering. These are terrifying matters if we reflect upon them.
Sharh-ul-Usool-ith-Thalaathah. Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
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Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank