Rectifying False Notions on an Important Issue – Shaykh Saalih bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez As-Sindee

AUTHOR: Saalih bin ‘Abdil-‘Azeez As-Sindee
TRANSLATED: Al-Ibaanah.Com
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

In this treatise, the author dispels many of the false claims and accusations that are spread and circulated about Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab died 1206H] by using the Imaam’s own testimony from statements he made in his writings. The author brings seven of the most popular misconceptions that surround Imaam Ibn Abdil-Wahhaab and his da’wah and refutes them through the words of the Imaam, as has been recorded in his writings and collected by reliable sources into compilations.

By doing this we clearly see the Imaam’s position with regard to these fundamental issues based on his own testimony and not having to rely on someone else’s explanation in his defense. We hope that through this treatise, those who have doubt about Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab and his call, can gain clarity about the true state of affairs and not listen to the lies and slander of his opponents who seek and strive to discredit the tremendous efforts of this great reformer.

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INTRODUCTION

For many years and long decades now, there has been much talk and debate going on about Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (rahimahullaah) and his da’wah between those who agree and those who disagree, and those who accuse him and those who defend him.

But anyone who looks at the words of those who oppose the Shaikh, those who attach all kinds of accusations to him, will find that their words are void of any proof. This is since there can’t be found any basis for what they claim either in his statements or in his books. Rather, they are just allegations mentioned by those in the past and repeated by those in later times, nothing more.

I think a fair and just person would only agree that the best and most correct way to find out the truth about him would be by returning to and taking from the main source (i.e. the Shaikh himself).

So the books of the Shaikh are present and his words are preserved. And by looking into them, one can find out the truth or falsehood of what is being spread about him. And as for the claims that are void of evidences then they are just a mirage and not real.

In these following pages, I will present brief excerpts from the speech of Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, using quotes from him, which I relied on from the trustworthy books that have collected all of his statements. And I have not added anything to them except for arranging them in order.

These quotes consist of responses from the Shaikh himself against the most popular accusations that his opponents launch against him, in which he asserts the opposite of what they claim. I am certain that, by Allaah’s Guidance, these responses will suffice in clarifying the truth to those who seek it.

As for those who reject the Shaikh and oppose his Da’wah, those who spend their time spreading falsehood and circulating lies, then I say to them: Lie against your own selves for indeed the truth is clear and indeed the Religion of Allaah is victorious, and the sun shines bright, one cannot cover it with his hands.

So here is the speech of the Shaikh, which disproves these claims and refutes all of your accusations. So if you have some speech from him that contradicts it then bring it out in the open and do not conceal it. And if you can’t do this, and you will not be able to do it, then I counsel you with one piece of advice: That you stand up for Allaah, free from every vain desire or bigotry, and ask Him sincerely to show you the truth and to guide you to it. Then reflect on what this man said – did he bring forth something better than the Speech of Allaah and the speech of His Messenger?

Then reflect a second time: Is there any other way to salvation than speaking the truth and believing in the truth? So if the truth becomes clear to you, then return to your guidance and go back to the truth, for that is better than lingering upon falsehood. And to Allaah return all the affairs.

THE REALITY OF THE DA’WAH OF SHAIKH MUHAMMAD BIN ‘ABDIL-WAHHAAB

It is proper to begin this discussion by relaying some brief words from Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, may Allaah have mercy on him, in which he explains the reality of what he was calling to, far removed from the dark clouds of propaganda that his opponents have placed as an obstacle between many people and that Da’wah. He said:

“I say, and to Allaah belongs the Praise and the Blessing, and all might is by Him, that my Lord has guided me to a Straight Path, an upright religion, the pure monotheistic way of Ibraaheem, and he wasn’t from the polytheists. And I, all praise be to Allaah, do not call to a madh-hab (way) of Sufism or (a madh-hab) of a Fiqh scholar or a speaker or one of the Imaams that they magnify.

On the contrary, I call to Allaah alone and with no partner. And I call to the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger, which he advised the first part of his ummah and the last part of it to abide by. And I hope that I will not reject the truth if it comes to me. In fact, I call on Allaah, His angels and all of His creation to bear witness that if one of you brings one word of truth to me that I should accept it immediately and throw against the wall everything that opposes it, from the statements of my Imaams, with the exception of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) for indeed he doesn’t speak anything but the truth.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/37-38]

“And I, all praise be to Allaah, am a follower (muttabi’) and not an innovator (mubtadi’).” [Mu’allafaat ash-Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab: 5/36]

“The correct representation of the affair is that I say: No one should be supplicated to except Allaah, alone and with no partner, as Allaah says in His Book: ‘So do not call unto anyone along with Allaah.’ [Surah Al-Jinn: 18] And He said about the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

‘Say: It is not in my power to cause you harm or to bring you to the Right Path.’ [Surah Al-Jinn: 21] So this is the Speech of Allaah, which the Messenger of Allaah mentioned to us and counseled us with. And this is what stands between me and you, for if he mentioned something besides this, then it is a lie and a slander.” [Ad-Durar as- Saniyyah: 1/90-91]

THE FIRST ISSUE: THE SHAIKH’S BELIEF WITH REGARD TO THE PROPHET

The Shaikh is charged by his enemies with terrible accusations related to his belief concerning the Prophet. These accusations are as follows:

First: That he didn’t believe he was the last of the Prophets. This is what is claimed (!), but yet all the books of the Shaikh are filled with a refutation of this misconception and they testify that this claim is a lie. Some examples are:

“I believe that our Prophet Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) is the seal (last) of the prophets and messengers. And the Eemaan (Faith) of a servant (person) is not valid unless he believes in his messengership and bears witness to his prophethood.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/32]

“So the most prosperous of creatures and those who will have the greatest blessing and highest level are those who are foremost in following him (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and in conforming with him in knowledge and action.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 2/21]

Second: That he violates the right of the Prophet and doesn’t give him the position he deserves. In order to find out the reality of this claim, I will quote some of his statements in which he clearly asserts what his belief is with regard to the Prophet (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam):

“Because Allaah wanted His Tawheed to be supreme and His Religion to be completed and because He wanted His Word to be the highest and the Word of the disbelievers to be the lowest, He sent Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), the last of the prophets and the loved one of the Lord of creation. So he did not cease to be known throughout every generation, being mentioned in the Torah of Moosaa and the Gospel of ‘Eesaa, until Allaah brought forth that pearl from between the tribes of Kinaanah and Zahra.

So he brought him out during a period of time that was void of messengers, and guided him to the most upright of paths. So he had signs and indicators that proved his prophethood before he was even sent forth (with the message), which amazed the people of his time. And Allaah brought him up in a good manner. That’s why he was the noblest, the best mannered, the nicest neighbor, the most lenient and the most truthful in speech amongst his people. This was such that his people would call him ‘Al-Ameen’ (The Trustworthy One), because of what Allaah gave him from righteous conditions and praiseworthy characteristics.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 2/19, 90]

“He is the chief of the intercessors, possessor of the most praiseworthy station, and Aadam as well as those besides him will be under his banner.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/86]

“The first of the messengers was Nooh, and the last and most virtuous of them was Muhammad.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/143]

“He clarified with the most profound of clarifications (i.e. the Religion) and he completed and finalized it. He was the most sincere of creatures towards the servants of Allaah, and he was compassionate and merciful to the believers. He conveyed the message and fulfilled the trust, and he made true Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah. And he worshipped Allaah until certainty (i.e. death) reached him.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 2/21]

Likewise, he (rahimahullaah) mentioned that one of the benefits derived from the Prophet’s statement: “None of you truly believes until I become more beloved to him than his father, his son, and all of mankind” is the obligation of loving him above loving one’s self, family and wealth. [Kitaab at-Tawheed: 108]

Third: They claim that he rejected the Prophet’s intercession. The Shaikh responds to this misconception by saying:

“They claim that we reject the Prophet’s intercession. Far removed is Allaah from imperfections, this is a great slander. Rather, we bear witness before Allaah that the Messenger of Allaah is the intercessor and possessor of the praiseworthy station. We ask Allaah, the Most Generous, Lord of the Mighty Throne, that He allow him to intercede for us and that he resurrect us under his banner.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/63-64]

“No one rejects the Prophet’s intercession except for the people of innovation and misguidance. However, the intercession will not occur unless permission is granted first (by Allaah) and He is pleased with it, as Allaah says:

‘And no one will intercede except for he whom He is pleased with.’ [Surah Al- Anbiyaa: 28]

And He says:

‘Who is it that will intercede in His presence except by His permission.’ [Surah Al-Baqarah: 255]” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/13]

The Shaikh explains the reason why this false claim was spread about him:

“These people, when I mentioned to them what Allaah and His Messenger, as well as the scholars from all the groups, stated about the obligation of making the worship solely for Allaah and the prohibition of resembling the People of the Scripture who came before us in the aspect of taking their priests and rabbis as lords besides Allaah, they said to us: ‘You have degraded the status of the prophets, righteous people and the awliyaa (friends of Allaah)!’” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 2/50]

THE SECOND ISSUE: THE PROPHET’S HOUSEHOLD MEMBERS

From the many accusations directed at the Shaikh is that he didn’t love the members of the Prophet’s Household and that he violated their rights. The response to this is that what is claimed is in contradiction to the true state of affairs. In fact, he, may Allaah have mercy on him, fully acknowledged the right that they had of being loved and honored, and he abided by it. In fact, he would even rebuke those who didn’t abide by this, as he said:

“Allaah has obligated certain rights for the members of the household of Allaah’s Messenger, which they have over the people. So it is not permissible for a Muslim to abandon their rights thinking that to be part of Tawheed. Rather this is from extremism. The only thing we reject is honoring them for the sake of the (false) claim that they have the right to be worshipped, as well as honoring those who claim this.” [Mu’allafaat ash-Shaikh: 5/284]

Whoever reflects on the life and history of the Shaikh will realize the truthfulness of what he stated here. It is enough to know that the Shaikh named six of his seven children with names from the Prophet’s Household, may Allaah be pleased with them: ‘Alee, ‘Abdullaah, Husayn, Hasan, Ibraaheem and Faatimah. This is a clear proof of the great love and respect he had for them.

THE THIRD ISSUE: THE WONDROUS OCCURRENCES OF THE AWLIYAA

Some people spread around that Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab denied the extraordinary occurrences (karaamaat) of the awliyaa (close friends of Allaah). What disproves this false claim is that the Shaikh has clearly affirmed in several places of his Creed the opposite of what is spread around about him concerning this issue. An example of this is the statements he makes in some of his speech in which he explains his belief and creed:

“And I affirm the karaamaat (wondrous occurrences) of the awliyaa.” [Ad-Durar As- Saniyyah: 1/32]

I wonder how the Shaikh can be accused of such a claim when he is the one who described those who deny the wondrous occurrences of the awliyaa as people of innovation and misguidance, when he said:

“And no one rejects the wondrous occurrences of the awliyaa except for the people of innovation and misguidance.” [Ad-Durar As-Saniyyah: 1/32]

THE FOURTH ISSUE: TAKFEER

From the greatest of misconceptions that are spread about the Shaikh and his followers is that they declare the general masses of Muslims to be disbelievers (i.e. takfeer), and that they claim that marrying them is not valid except for those who are part of them or those who join their group.

The Shaikh has refuted this misconception in numerous places, amongst them are: “The statement that we declare the Muslims to be disbelievers generally is from the lies of the enemies who wish to prevent people from this Religion. So we say: ‘Glorified and far removed are You (O Allaah), this is a tremendous slander!’ [Surah An-Noor: 16]” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/100]

“They have ascribed to us various lies, and so the fitnah has increased. Amongst these lies are: Spreading slander, which any sane person would be shy to transmit, not to mention be fooled by. An example of this is what you have mentioned that I deem all people to be disbelievers except for those who follow me, and that I claim that marrying them is not valid! How strange that such a notion could enter into the mind of a sane person! Would a Muslim say such a thing?! I absolve myself before Allaah from this claim, which only emanates from one with deficient intellect and no understanding. So may Allaah curse the people of evil and false objectives.” [Ad- Durar As-Saniyyah: 1/80]

“The person I deem to be a disbeliever is the one who knows the Religion of the Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), but then after coming to know it, turns to reviling it and forbidding the people from it and making enmity with those who adhere to it. This is the person that I declare to be a disbeliever. And the majority of the ummah (i.e. Muslims), all praise be to Allaah, are not like this.” [Ad-Durar As-Saniyyah: 1/73]

THE FIFTH ISSUE: THE WAY OF THE KHAWAARIJ

There are some people who accuse the Shaikh of being upon the beliefs of the Khawaarij, those who declare Muslims disbelievers because of sins. The response to this from the words of the Shaikh is as follows: He, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “I do not testify for any of the Muslims that he is in Paradise or the Hellfire except for those who Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) testified it for. However, I wish well for the good-doer and I fear for the evildoer. And I do not deem anyone amongst the Muslims to be a disbeliever due to a sin, nor do I extract him from the fold of Islaam.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/32]

THE SIXTH ISSUE: TAJSEEM

What is also spread about the Shaikh is that he was a mujassim, i.e. that he likened Allaah’s attributes to the creation’s attributes.[1]

The Shaikh has mentioned his belief concerning this aspect, and he is far removed from the lies his opponents accuse him of. He says:

“From the Belief (Eemaan) in Allaah, is that one believes in what Allaah has described Himself with in His Book and upon the tongue of His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), without committing tahreef (distortion) or ta’teel (denial). Rather, he must believe that there is nothing equal to Allaah and that he is the All-Hearer, the All-Seer. So he must not negate what Allaah described Himself with, nor should he distort the words from their true state, nor should he deny His Names and Attributes, nor should he say how Allaah’s Attributes are or resemble them to the creation’s attributes. This is because Allaah has no equals or rivals or similars, nor can He be compared to His creation.

Indeed Allaah is the most knowledgeable about Himself and about others, and He is the most truthful in words and the best in speech. So He has removed Himself from what His opponents from the people who commit takyeef and tamtheel have described Him with, and from what those who commit tahreef and ta’teel have negated from Him, as He says:

‘Far removed is your Lord, the Lord of Glory and Might, from what they ascribe to Him, and peace be on the Messengers. And all praise belongs to Allah, Lord of all that is created.’ [Surah As-Saafaat: 180-182]” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/29] “It is well known that ta’teel is the opposite of tajseem, and those who commit this (ta’teel) are enemies of those who commit that (tajseem). The truth lies in between these two (extremes).” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 3/11]

THE SEVENTH ISSUE: OPPOSING THE SCHOLARS

Some people say that Shaikh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab opposed the rest of the scholars in what he called to, not turning to their statements or relying on their books. Rather, he introduced something new and brought forth a fifth madh-hab. The best person to clarify the reality of this issue is the Shaikh himself. He (rahimahullaah) said:

“We are blind followers of the Book and the Sunnah and the righteous predecessors of this ummah, as well as what is relied on from the opinions of the four Imaams: Abu Haneefah An-Nu’maan bin Thaabit, Maalik bin Anas, Muhammad bin Idrees and Ahmad bin Hanbal, may Allaah have mercy on all of them.” [Mu’allafaat ash-Shaikh: 5/96]

“So if you hear that I have issued a ruling on something that does not conform with the unanimous agreement of the scholars, then reject my opinion.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/53]

“If you claim that the scholars are upon something different than what I am upon, then here are their books present.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 2/58]

“I challenge the follower of Abu Haneefah with the opinions of the old Hanafee scholars and also the followers of Maalik, Shaafi’ee and Hanbal with the opinions of the previous scholars of each madh-hab, who are relied upon.” [Ad-Durar as- Saniyyah: 1/82]

“In summary, the thing that I forbid is when one believes that someone other than Allaah can do things that it is not possible for anyone to do except Allaah. So if I said something to this effect from myself, then accuse me of that, or in a book you find, which doesn’t adhere to this, then accuse me with that also. Or if I quoted it from the people of my madh-hab, then accuse me of that. But if I stated it based on the Command of Allaah and His Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) and based on what the scholars in every madh-hab have unanimously agreed on, then it is not appropriate for a person who believes in Allaah and the Last Day to reject it due to the people of his time or the people of his country or because most of the people in his time reject it.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/76]

CONCLUSION

To conclude this discussion, we present two pieces of advice from the Shaikh:

First: For those who strive against this da’wah and its followers, conspiring against it and attaching all kinds of accusations and falsehoods to it, the Shaikh says to these people:

“I remind those who oppose me that the obligation upon the people is to follow what the Prophet counseled his ummah with (i.e. the Sunnah). And I say to them: The books are with you. Look in them and do not take any of my speech. However, when you come to know the words of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) that are in your books then follow it even though most of the people oppose it…Do not (unconditionally) obey me or anyone else except for the command of Allaah’s Messenger, which is found in your books. And know that nothing can save you except for following Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam). This worldly life is temporary and it is not proper for someone with common sense to be forgetful about Paradise and Hell.” [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/89-90]

“I call those who oppose me to four things: Either the Book of Allaah or the Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger or to the Ijmaa’ (consensus) of the scholars. And if he refuses this then I call him to a mubaahalah.” [2] [Ad-Durar as-Saniyyah: 1/55]

Second: To those who are confused about this matter, the Shaikh says: “You must constantly supplicate to Allaah and humble yourself before Him, especially during the times in which the invocations are answered, such as: the last part of the night, the last portion of the prayer and after the Adhaan.

And you must also use the supplications reported in the texts, especially the one that has been reported in the Saheeh, that he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) would say: ‘O Allaah, Lord of Jibraa’eel, Mikaa’eel and Israa’eel, Originator of the heavens and the earth, All-Knower of the Hidden and the Apparent, You will judge between Your servants in those matters which they differed on. Guide me in that which is differed on from the truth, by Your Will. Verily, You guide whom You will to a Straight Path.’

You must be persistent in saying this supplication before the One who answers the call of the distressed when he calls, and the One who guided Ibraaheem to oppose all of the people. And say: ‘O teacher of Ibraaheem, teach me.’

And if you find difficulty in opposing the people, then reflect on Allaah’s statement: ‘Then we placed you upon a Legislation from Our Command, so follow it, and do not follow the vain desires of those who know not. Verily, they can avail you nothing before Allaah.’ [Surah Al-Jaathiyah: 18-19]

‘And if you obey most of those on the earth, they will mislead you far away from Allaah’s Path.’ [Surah Al-An’aam: 116]

And reflect on the Prophet’s words found in the Saheeh: ‘Islaam began strange and it will return to being strange as it began’ and his (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) statement: ‘Verily Allaah will not snatch away knowledge…’ and his statement: ‘Stick to my Sunnah and the Sunnah of the rightly guided Khaleefahs who come after me’ and his statement: ‘And beware of newly invented matters, for indeed every innovation is a misguidance.’” [Ad-Durar As-Saniyyah: 1/42-43]

“And if it becomes clear to you that this is the truth in which there is no doubt, and that it is an obligation to spread it amongst the people and to teach it to the women and men, then may Allaah have mercy on the one fulfills his duty, repents to Allaah and acknowledges this to himself, for indeed a person who repents from a sin is like one who has no sin at all. May Allaah guide us and you and our brothers to that which He loves and is pleased with, and peace be on you.” [Ad-Durar As-Saniyyah: 2/43]

May Allaah send His peace and blessings on His slave and messenger, our prophet and loved one, Muhammad, as well as His family and all of his Companions.

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Note: Tajseem comes from the word jism (body), and it literally means to make something into a body. This is the term applied when someone gives anthropomorphic (i.e. human-like) qualities to Allaah, by saying His hand is like my hand, and His seeing is like my seeing, etc.

[2] Translator’s Note: A Mubaahalah is when two people who are in opposition to one another come together to invoke Allaah’s curses on the one who is lying and upon falsehood between the two disputants.

Blind Following and its Dangers – Shaikh Saalih Al-Fawzaan

The Fourth Aspect: Blind Following and its Dangers

Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab said:

[4] Their religion was built upon certain principles, the greatest of which was taqleed (blind following). So this was the biggest principle for all of the disbelievers – the first and last of them – as Allaah says:

“And similarly, We sent not a warner before you (Muhammad) to any town (people), except that the luxurious ones among them said: ‘Verily, we found our forefathers following a certain way and religion, and we will indeed follow in their footsteps.'” [Surah Az-Zukhruf: 23]

And He says: “And when it is said to them: ‘Follow that which Allaah has sent down’, they say: ‘Nay, we shall follow that which we found our forefathers (following).’ Would they do so even if the Devil invites them to the torment of the Fire?” [Surah Luqmaan: 21]

So He revealed to them His saying: “Say: ‘I exhort you to one thing only – that you stand up for Allaah’s sake in pairs and singly – and then reflect (upon the life of the Prophet). There is no madness in your companion (Muhammad).'” [Surah As-Saba`: 46]

And His saying: “(Say to the disbelievers): ‘Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow not any partners besides Him.’ Little do you remember!” [Surah Al-A`raaf: 3]

– the explanation –

From the characteristics of people of the Days of Ignorance is that they would not base their religion on what the Messengers came with. Rather, they would only base their religion on principles that they innovated from their own selves. And they would not accept any change or abandonment of these principles, of which one was: Taqleed (Blind Following). Taqleed means to imitate another person to the point that one resembles him, even though the one being imitated is not fit to be followed. Allaah says:

“And likewise, We did not send before you a warner to any town except that the extravagant ones amongst them said: ‘Verily, we found our forefathers upon a certain way and we will follow in their footsteps.'” [Surah Az-Zukhruf: 23]

What is meant by the “extravagant” are those who live in luxury and possess lots of wealth, since for the most part they are evil people who do not accept the truth. This is contrary to the weak and the poor, for indeed, for the most part, they are humble and more likely to accept the truth. So the people of extravagance are those who possess status and wealth. “Except that the extravagant ones amongst them said” – i.e. those amongst them who had affluence and position in the society –“Verily, we found our forefathers upon a certain way” – meaning: upon a religion and practice.“And we will follow in their footsteps” means: “We have no need for you Messengers.” They thought that this sufficed them over having to follow the Messengers. This is an example of Blind-Following, and it is from the characteristics of the Days of Ignorance.

As for performing taqleed in matters of good, this is called Ittibaa¡¦ (Following) and Iqtidaa (Taking example). Allaah said on behalf of Prophet Yoosuf:

“And I follow the Religion of my forefathers – Ibraaheem, Ishaaq and Ya’qoob. It is not befitting for us to ascribe anything in worship with Allaah.” [Surah Yoosuf: 38]

And Allaah says:

“And the first and the foremost from among the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar and those who followed them in goodness, Allaah is pleased with them and they with Him. And He ha sprepared for themgardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever. That is the supreme success.” [Surah At-Tawbah: 100]

This is why Allaah said about the people of the Days of Ignorance:

“And when it is said to them: ‘Follow what Allaah has revealed’, they respond: ¡¥Rather, we will follow what we found our forefathers upon!’ Would they do that even though their forefathers did not understand anything and were not guided?” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 170]

So one who doesn’t understand and is not guided cannot be taken as a role-model. Rather, the true role-model is only he who comprehends and is guided. Therefore, blind-following is from the characteristics of the people of the Days of Ignorance, and it is also known as fanatical attachment, since the only true role-model is the Messenger of Allaah and those who follow him.

Then the author, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “And He says:

‘And when it is said to them: ‘Follow that which Allaah has sent down’, they say: ‘Nay, we shall follow that which we found our forefathers (following).’ Would they do so even if the Devil invites them to the torment of the Fire?’ [Surah Luqmaan: 21]”

When it is said to the polytheists and the disbelievers: ‘Follow that which Allaah has sent down’ – i.e. the Qur’aan, they say: ‘Nay, we shall follow that which we found our forefathers (following).’ “Would they do so even if the Devil invites them” – i.e. calls these forefathers “to the torment of the Fire?” Would you follow them into the torment of the Fire? This means: Would you follow your forefathers even if they were followers of the Devil and he led them to the Hellfire? Everyone with common sense and intellect must investigate into his affair and look to whom he is following. The author, may Allaah have mercy on him, continued: “So He revealed to them His saying:

‘Say: ‘I exhort you to one thing only – that you stand up for Allaah’s sake in pairs and singly – and then reflect (upon the life of the Prophet). There is no madness in your companion (i.e. Muhammad).’ [Surah As-Saba`: 46] And His saying:

‘(Say to the disbelievers): ‘Follow what has been sent down unto you from your Lord, and follow not any partners besides Him.’ Little do you remember!’ [Surah Al-A`raaf: 3]”

Meaning: When the Messenger of Allaah countered them with this ayah, they said: We will stick to what our forefathers practiced, and we will not obey this man, referring to Muhammad. But Allaah is telling them: “Look and reflect on what this man is saying to you. Think about it and do not let fanaticism overtake you.” “That you stand up for Allaah’s sake in pairs and singly.” – meaning: in groups and individually. You must look at what Muhammad is calling you to. If it is the truth, you are then obligated to follow it and it is not permissible for you to remain upon what your fathers and grandfathers were upon.

“That you stand up for Allaah’s sake” and not for the sake of desires or fanaticism. Rather, your standing up should be for the sake of Allaah, desiring the truth. “In pairs and singly” meaning two by two. Reflect, come together and set up a gathering. This is since when there is cooperation between two people that sit together or a group of people, it is more likely that the truth will be achieved. Or this can be done individually, such as when someone isolates himself to reflect and contemplate on what the Messenger of Allaah came with. And he will find it to be the truth and thus it will be incumbent for him to follow it.

“Then reflect. There is no madness in your companion.” This refers to Muhammad of whom they claimed was mad (i.e. insane). But he had no madness in him. Rather, he was the most intellectual of mankind and the most understanding amongst creation. And he was the most sincere and knowledgeable amongst creation. So how can you say that he was mad? Think about it. Look at his intellect. Look at his actions. Is it the actions of someone who is crazy?

“There is no madness in your companion. He is only a warner to you in the face of a severe torment.” [Surah Saba: 46]

If you don’t believe in him and follow him, a severe torment will befall you. So he came to you in order to sincerely advise you. He wants good for you and he wants salvation for you. He desires rectification and success for you in this worldly life and the Hereafter. So how can you describe him with this characteristic, saying that he is mad without looking at, reflecting on and contemplating on what he came with? Likewise, it is obligatory upon everyone with intellect to investigate the statements of people, discerning and scrutinizing them, and distinguishing between the erroneous and the correct. So he should then accept the truth and reject the error. And blind-following should not cause him to remain upon falsehood.


Al-Ibaanah.com – Published: August 30, 2005 | Modified: August 30, 2005

The Meaning of Taaghoot – Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab

AUTHOR: Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab
SOURCE: His short treatise “Ma’anaa at-Taaghoot wa Ru’oos Anwaa’ihi”
PRODUCED BY: Al-Ibaanah.com

Know, may Allaah have mercy on you, that the first thing Allaah obligated on the Son of Adam is to reject the Taaghoot and believe in Allaah. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “And We have indeed sent to every nation a messenger (saying to his people): ‘Worship Allaah alone and avoid the Taaghoot (false deities).” [Surah An-Nahl: 36]

As for the description of Rejecting the Taaghoot, then it is that you believe in the futility of worshipping other than Allaah, and that you abandon doing so and hate it, and that you reject and make enmity with does who do it. And as for the meaning of Believing in Allaah, then it is that you believe that Allaah is the only true God who deserves to be worshipped alone, apart from everything else besides Him. And it is that you make all types of worship – every act – sincerely for Allaah alone, while negating and rejecting that from everything else that is worshipped besides Him.

It also entails that you love and show friendship to the people of Ikhlaas (i.e. Islaam), while hating and showing enmity to the people of Shirk. This is the Religion of Ibraaheem, of which those who turn away from it only fool themselves. And this is the good example that Allaah informs us of in His saying: “There has indeed been an excellent example for you in Ibraaheem and those with him, when they said to their people: ‘Verily, we are free from you and whatever you worship besides Allaah. We have rejected you and there has commenced between us and you, enmity and hatred forever, until you believe in Allaah alone.’” [Surah Al-Mumtahanah: 4]

The word Taaghoot is general. So everything that is worshipped besides Allaah, while being pleased with this worship – whether it is something worshipped, someone followed, or someone obeyed in the absence of obedience to Allaah and His Messenger, then that is considered Taaghoot. The Tawaagheet (pl. of Taaghoot) are many, but their heads are five:

The First: The Devil who calls the people to worship other than Allaah. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “Did I not command you O children of Aadam, that you should not worship the Devil. Verily, he is a plain enemy to you.” [Surah YaaSeen: 60]

The Second: The tyrannical and oppressive ruler who changes Allaah’s rulings. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “Have you not seen those (hypocrites) who claim to believe in that which has been revealed to you, and that which was revealed before you, and they wish to go for judgement (in their disputes) to the Taaghoot, when they have been ordered to reject them? But the Devil wishes to lead them far astray.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 60]

The Third: The one who judges by other than what Allaah has revealed, and the proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “And whoever does not judge by what Allaah has revealed, then they are the disbelievers.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah: 44]

The Fourth: The one who claims to have knowledge of the Unseen, apart from Allaah. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “He alone is the All-Knower of the Unseen, and He does not disclose His Unseen matters to anyone.” [Surah Al-Jinn: 26-27] And He says: “And with Him lie the keys to the Unseen, no one knows them but He. And He knows whatever there is in the land and in the sea; not a leaf falls except that He knows about it. There is not a grain in the darkness of the earth, nor anything fresh or dry, but that it is written in a Clear Record.” [Surah Al-Ana’aam: 59]

The Fifth: The one who is worshipped apart from Allaah, while being pleased with being worshipped. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “And whoever amongst them says: ‘Verily, I am a God besides Him (Allaah)’, then this person’s recompense will be the Hellfire. That is the way we recompense the wrongdoers.” [Surah Al-Anbiyaa: 29]

And know that man will never become a believer in Allaah unless he rejects and disbelieves in the Taaghoot. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying: “There is no compulsion in the Religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. So whoever disbelieves in the Taaghoot and believes in Allaah, then he has taken hold of the firmest handhold, that will never break. And Allaah is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 256]

The “right path” here refers to the Religion of Muhammad (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam), while the “wrong path” refers to the Religion of Abu Jahl. The “firmest handhold” refers to the testimony that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah {Laa Ilaaha Illallaah). This testimony consists of a negation and an affirmation. It negates all types of worship from those worshipped besides Allaah, while affirming all types of worship done for Allaah alone, free from any partner.

Beneficial Sayings from Kitaab ut-Tawheed – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Book by Shaykh Muhammaad bin AbdulWahhaab at-Tamimi rahimahullaah

Explanation is based upon that of Shaykh Ibn Al-‘Uthaymeen rahimahullaah

01- Meaning of Tawheed
02- Purpose of our Existence
03- Ch 02 – Excellence of Tawheed – It Expiates Sins
04- Right of Allaah – Right of the Slave
05- Hadeeth of Mu’adh Ibn Jabal – part 2
06- Hadeeth of ‘Ubadah Ibn As Saamit – part 1
07- Jesus – Spirit FROM Allaah – hadeeth part 2
08- Hadeeth of ‘itban bin Malik
09- Ch 03 – Purifying Tawheed From Shirk
10- Hadeeth of Husayn Ibn Abdur Rahmaan
11- Hadeeth of Ibn Abbas
12- Ch 04 – Fear of Shirk
13- Hadeeth of Ibn Mas’ud
14- Hadeeth of Jaabir
15- Ch 05 – The Call To Tawheed
16- Hadeeth of Sa’ad Ibn Sahl
17- Ch 06 – Explanation of Tawheed and the Testimony
18- Tawheed Requires Negation and Affirmation
19- Hadeeth Whoever Says laa ilaaha illallaah
20- Ch 07 – Wearing Rings For Protection Is Shirk
21- Ch 07 – Hadeeth – ‘Uqbah Ibn Amir – Abu Hatim
22- Ch 08 – Incantations – Talisman – 1
23- Ch 08 – Incantations – Talisman – 2
24- Ch 09 – Seeking Blessings From Tree or Stone – 1
25- Ch 09 – Seeking Blessings From Tree or Stone – 2
26- Ch 10 – Slaughtering For Other Than Allaah – 1
27- Ch 10 – Slaughtering For Other Than Allaah – 2
28- Ch 11 – Forbidden Places of Slaughtering – 1
29- Ch 11 – Forbidden Places of Slaughtering – 2
30- Ch 12 – Making Vow to Other Than Allaah is Shirk
31- Ch 13 – Seeking Refuge in Other than Allaah is Shirk
32- Ch 14 – Seeking Help From Other Than Allaah is Shirk -1
33- Ch 14 – Seeking Help From Other Than Allaah is Shirk -2
34- Ch 15 – Incapacity of Partners Man Gives to Allaah – 1
35- Ch 15 – Incapacity of Partners Man Gives to Allaah – 2
36- Ch 16 – No One Deserves to Be Partner With Allaah – 1
37- Ch 16 – No One Deserves to Be Partner With Allaah – 2
38- Ch 17 – Allaah Has No Need of an Intercessor – 1
39- Ch 17 – Allaah Has No Need for an Intercessor – 2
40- Ch 18 – Guidance of Direction – Guidance of Success
41- Ch 19 – Excessive Praise of the Righteous – 1
42- Ch 19 – Excessive Praise of the Righteous – 2
43- Ch 19 – Excessive Praise of the Righteous – 3
44- Ch 20 – Acts of Worship at a Grave – 1
45- Ch 20 – Acts of Worship at a Grave – 2
46- Ch 21 – Excess in Raising up Graves of Righteous -1
47- Ch 21 – Excess in Raising up Graves of Righteous – 2
48- Ch 22 – The Prophet Protected Tawheed and Blocked Shirk
49- Ch 23 – Those of This Ummah Who Worship idols – 1
50- Ch 23 – Those of This Ummah Who Worship Idols – 2
51- Ch 23 – Those of This Ummah Who Worship Idols – 3
52- Ch 23 – Those of This Ummah Who Worship Idols – 4
53- Ch 24 – What Is Mentioned Concerning Magic – 1
54- Ch 24 – What Is Mentioned Concerning Magic – 2
55- Ch 25 – Types of Magic – 1
56- Ch 25 – Types of Magic – 2
57- Ch 26 – Concerning Fortune Tellers and the Like – 1
58- Ch 26 – Concerning Fortune Tellers and the Like – 2
59- Ch 27 – Counteracting Magic with Magic

The following benefits are extracted from these series:

Avoid Ten Ways That Nullify Islam (Nawaaqid-ul-Islaam) – by Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

Bismillaah

Based Upon Shaykh Muhammad At-Tameemi’s (rahimahullaah) Classification.

Prepared  By  Dr. Saleh As-Saleh

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Read the Article:

Know, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon you, that Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala: Far is He removed from every imperfection, the Most High) made it very clear that mankind must follow Islaam, hold to it and dissociate from whatever contradicts it. The declaration that Laa Ilaaha Illallaah “There is none worthy of worship except Allaah” not only negates all false deities and confirms worship only to Allaah, it also requires the complete dissociation from any form of worship to any false deity;

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says:

لَا إِكْرَاهَ فِي الدِّينِ ۖ قَد تَّبَيَّنَ الرُّشْدُ مِنَ الْغَيِّ ۚ فَمَن يَكْفُرْ بِالطَّاغُوتِ وَيُؤْمِن بِاللَّهِ فَقَدِ اسْتَمْسَكَ بِالْعُرْوَةِ الْوُثْقَىٰ لَا انفِصَامَ لَهَا

“There is no compulsion in religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. Whoever disbelieves in Taaghut (false deities) and believes in Allaah, then he has grasped the most trustworthy handhold that will never break.”(Qur’an 2: 256)

Furthermore, to declare that Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam: may Allaah Exalt his mention and safeguard him and his message) is the Messenger and slave of Allaah requires the belief that Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is trusted by Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) to deliver the Message of Islaam, and that Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is to be followed and obeyed because Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) decreed in the Qur’an:

وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

“And whatsoever the Messenger gives you, take it. And whatsoever he forbids you, abstain (from it) and fear Allaah. Verily, Allaah is severe in punishment.” (Qur’an 59: 7)

All the ways and methods that are needed by the Muslim to fulfill this declaration of Tawheed [2] are explained in the Qur’an and by the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam).

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) and His Messenger (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) warned that there are ways that lead to Shirk,[3] Kufr [4] and rejection of Faith. The Muslim must be very knowledgeable about Tawheed so that he does not indulge in practices and concepts that contradict the essence of Islaam. The most dangerous and widely existing ways that breach Tawheed are:


ONE: Shirk in the worship of Allah: to associate something and/or anyone in the worship of Allaah:

إِنَّ اللَّهَ لَا يَغْفِرُ أَن يُشْرَكَ بِهِ وَيَغْفِرُ مَا دُونَ ذَٰلِكَ لِمَن يَشَاءُ

“Verily Allaah forgives not setting up rivals in worship with Him, but He forgives whom He pleases other sins than that.” (Qur’an 4: 116)

إِنَّهُ مَن يُشْرِكْ بِاللَّهِ فَقَدْ حَرَّمَ اللَّهُ عَلَيْهِ الْجَنَّةَ وَمَأْوَاهُ النَّارُ

“Verily, whosoever sets up rivals in worship with Allaah, then Allaah has forbidden Al-Jannah for him, and the Fire will be his abode.” (Qur’an 5: 72)


TWO: Setting up intermediaries between a person and Allaah is Kufr (disbelief): calling upon them and seeking their intercession and depending upon them. Those who do this are taking “associates” with Allaah and this is Shirk.

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

فَلَا تَجْعَلُوا لِلَّهِ أَندَادًا وَأَنتُمْ تَعْلَمُونَ

“Then set not up rivals unto Allaah (in worship) while you know (that He Alone has the right to be worshiped). (Qur’an 2: 22)

The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) was asked: ‘Which sin is the Gravest? He said: “That you set up rivals unto Allaah (despite the fact) that He has created you.”[5]

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

وَلَا تَدْعُ مِن دُونِ اللَّهِ مَا لَا يَنفَعُكَ وَلَا يَضُرُّكَ ۖ فَإِن فَعَلْتَ فَإِنَّكَ إِذًا مِّنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

“And call not on other than Allaah, any that will neither profit you, nor hurt you but if (in case) you did so, you shall certainly be one of Ath-thalimeen (who commit Shirk)”. (Qur’an 10:106)


THREE: Believing that the Mushrikeen (those who commit Shirk) are not Kufar or doubting their Kufr or defending and correcting the beliefs of the Kufar, is Kufr.

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

 وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ

“And if any amongst you who take them (wholeheartedly) as friends, then surely he is one of them.”(Qur’an 5: 51)

This is one of the greatest contradictions to Tawheed. Here it is important to caution that many Muslims are reluctant (and feel ashamed) to say the word “Kufr” to describe a disbeliever or to point out their acts of Shirk. Some even look at the Kufar with great deal of admiration, fear and obedience. Those have an inferiority complex that leads them to become blind followers and defenders of the Kufar and their ways. They are at grave danger since this may “melt” their identity.

The Muslim’s position about these matters must be dissociation from Kufr and Shirk, but Love for Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), His Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) and the believers:

لَّا يَتَّخِذِ الْمُؤْمِنُونَ الْكَافِرِينَ أَوْلِيَاءَ مِن دُونِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ ۖ وَمَن يَفْعَلْ ذَٰلِكَ فَلَيْسَ مِنَ اللَّهِ فِي شَيْءٍ إِلَّا أَن تَتَّقُوا مِنْهُمْ تُقَاةً ۗ وَيُحَذِّرُكُمُ اللَّهُ نَفْسَهُ ۗ وَإِلَى اللَّهِ الْمَصِيرُ  

“Let not the believers take the disbelievers as Awliyaa’ (supporters, helpers, etc.) instead of believers, and whoever does that will never be helped by Allaah in any way, except if you indeed fear a danger from them. And Allaah warns you against Himself (His punishment), and to Allaah is the final return.” (Qur’an 3: 28)


FOUR: The belief that guidance by someone other than the Prophet Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is better or that ruling by other than the rule of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is better, then this is Kufr. The rule of Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is the rule of Allaah:

فَلَا وَرَبِّكَ لَا يُؤْمِنُونَ حَتَّىٰ يُحَكِّمُوكَ فِيمَا شَجَرَ بَيْنَهُمْ ثُمَّ لَا يَجِدُوا فِي أَنفُسِهِمْ حَرَجًا مِّمَّا قَضَيْتَ وَيُسَلِّمُوا تَسْلِيمًا

“But no, by your Lord, they can have no true Faith (al-waajib: which is dutiful upon them), until they make you judge in all disputes between them, and find in their souls no resistance against your decisions, but accept (them) fully with submission.”(Qur’an 4: 65)

Some examples of this are:

(a) The belief that systems and laws made by human beings are better than, or equal to the Sharee’ah of Islaam; or that Islamic system is not suitable for the contemporary times, and that Islaam is the cause of backwardness of the Muslims.

(b) The belief that enforcing the punishments prescribed by Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala), such as cutting of the hand of the thief or the stoning of an adulterer, is not suitable for this day and age.


FIVE: Hating any command or anything of the Prophet’s (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) Message despite practicing it is Kufr.

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

ذَٰلِكَ بِأَنَّهُمْ كَرِهُوا مَا أَنزَلَ اللَّهُ فَأَحْبَطَ أَعْمَالَهُمْ

“That is because they hate that which Allaah has sent down, so He has made their deeds fruitless.” (Qur’an 47: 9)


SIX: Mocking any part of Islaam or any of Allaah’s Names and Attributes is Kufr. Allaah, the Most High, says (what means):

وَلَئِن سَأَلْتَهُمْ لَيَقُولُنَّ إِنَّمَا كُنَّا نَخُوضُ وَنَلْعَبُ ۚ قُلْ أَبِاللَّهِ وَآيَاتِهِ وَرَسُولِهِ كُنتُمْ تَسْتَهْزِئُونَ لَا تَعْتَذِرُوا قَدْ كَفَرْتُم بَعْدَ إِيمَانِكُمْ ۚ إِن نَّعْفُ عَن طَائِفَةٍ مِّنكُمْ نُعَذِّبْ طَائِفَةً بِأَنَّهُمْ كَانُوا مُجْرِمِينَ

“Was it at Allaah, and His signs, and His Messenger that you were mocking? Make no excuse, you have disbelieved (became Kufar) after you had believed.”(Qur’an 9: 65-66)


SEVEN: Involvement in Magic: considering it permissible to practice and spread ways that may (i) sway man from the good things he likes (e.g., using magic to sow discord between a man and his wife) or (ii) reduce man to do what he dislikes or is bad for him. These ways of magic are Satanic.

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

وَمَا كَفَرَ سُلَيْمَانُ وَلَٰكِنَّ الشَّيَاطِينَ كَفَرُوا يُعَلِّمُونَ النَّاسَ السِّحْرَ وَمَا أُنزِلَ عَلَى الْمَلَكَيْنِ بِبَابِلَ هَارُوتَ وَمَارُوتَ ۚ وَمَا يُعَلِّمَانِ مِنْ أَحَدٍ حَتَّىٰ يَقُولَا إِنَّمَا نَحْنُ فِتْنَةٌ فَلَا تَكْفُرْ

“Solomon did not disbelieve but the devils disbelieved, teaching men magic and such things that came down at Babylon to the two angels (put coma after the word angels) Harut and Marut, but neither of these two (angels) taught anyone (such things) till they had said: We are only for trial, so disbelieve not (by learning the magic from us).”(Qur’an 2: 102)

Today, we see many people seek help from the so called fortunetellers. They believe that these tellers know what will happen. This is Kufr. The Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) warned that:

“Whoever goes to a priest (soothsayer or a fortuneteller), and believes him in what he says has committed Kufr and denied what was revealed to Muhammad (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam)”


EIGHT: Standing by the Mushrikeen, supporting them and helping them against the Muslims (so that mushrikeen will be the prevalent ones) is Kufr.

Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

وَمَن يَتَوَلَّهُم مِّنكُمْ فَإِنَّهُ مِنْهُمْ

“And he amongst you who take them as friends (WHOLEHEARTEDLY), then surely he is one of them.” (Qur’an 5: 51)


NINE: Believing that some “special” people don’t have to follow the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhe wa sallam) is Kufr because this negates the second part of the declaration of Tawheed ‘Muhammad is the slave and Messenger of Allaah,” since this constitutes desiring a “religion” other than Islaam. Allaah (subhanahu wa ta’ala) says (what means):

وَمَن يَبْتَغِ غَيْرَ الْإِسْلَامِ دِينًا فَلَن يُقْبَلَ مِنْهُ وَهُوَ فِي الْآخِرَةِ مِنَ الْخَاسِرِينَ

“And whoever desires a religion other than Islaam, it will never be accepted from him, and in the Hereafter he will be one of the losers.” (Qur’an 3: 85)


TEN: Completely turning away from the religion of Allaah, not learning it and practicing it, is Kufr.

وَمَنْ أَظْلَمُ مِمَّن ذُكِّرَ بِآيَاتِ رَبِّهِ ثُمَّ أَعْرَضَ عَنْهَا ۚ إِنَّا مِنَ الْمُجْرِمِينَ مُنتَقِمُونَ

“And who does wrong than the one to whom are recited the Aayat (proofs, evidences, verses, revelations, etc.) of his Lord, then he turns aside therefrom? Verily, We shall exact retribution from the Mujrimin (criminals, disbelievers, polytheists, sinners etc.)” (Qur’an 32: 22)

and He, the Most High, also says (what means):

وَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا عَمَّا أُنذِرُوا مُعْرِضُونَ

“But those who disbelieve turn away from that about which they are warned.” (Qur’an 46:3).

An authentic hadeeth reported in Saheeh Al-Jaami’ (a collection of authentic narrations verified by the Scholar of hadeeth Sheikh Muhammad Nassir Ad-Deen al-Albaani) V.2 # 5939. Believing in sorcery and horoscopy is as setting up rivals with Allaah. This is Shirk.


Finally, it must be pointed out that there is no difference (in accountability) between the one who seriously commits any of the above acts or the one who claims to be just “joking”, “playing” or “mocking”! The only exception is when someone commits any of these acts under compulsion; even then his heart must be filled with faith and Tawheed of Allaah.

Another serious matter is that the issue of declaring someone Kufr (rulers or ruled). This is not left for the unlearned of the common Muslims or heads of hizbee-groups or the like. It is to be left to the reliable scholars who follow the Qur’an, authentic Sunnah in the context of the Salaf’s way of understanding the Deen, not to innovators and the politically and emotionally driven ones. We must fear Allah in this matter which had caused and is still causing deviation in the Ummah at large.

We seek refuge in Allaah from such deeds and we ask Him to make the truth clear to us all.

Appendix
Definition of Taaghut

Taaghut: Derived from Tughyaan, exceeding the limits. So:

1. Whatever is worshipped instead of or to the exclusion of Allaah is a Taaghut. So, any human being who is pleased to be set as an object of worship is a Taaghut.

2. The one who exceeds the limits concerning following and obedience to other than Allaah, and sets others as rivals with Allaah, then himself is a Taaghut.

3- Those who make Istihlaal, making the unlawful lawful or vice versa, and are obeyed for that are Taaghut, because they are being set as Lords besides Allah. Here it must be known that obeying them on their Istihlaal is divided into three categories:

(i) The person obeys them while pleased and content by their saying, giving precedence to their judgments, and discontent with Allaah’s ruling, then he is a Kufr.

(ii) The person obeys them while accepting Allaah’s ruling and knowing that it is the best and the most fitting to man, but due to lowly desire in himself he chooses otherwise. For example, he may be seeking a job, and so forth. In this case it is not Kufr, rather he is a Faasiq (rebellion, disobedient).

(iii) The person obeys them due to ignorance, thinking that their rulings are those of Allaah’s. This is subdivided into two cases:

(a) The person is able to know the truth by himself, but he is negligent. In this case he is sinful, because Allaah ordered to ask the people of knowledge when matters are not known.

(b) The person is not knowledgeable and unable to learn but he follows them by way of blind following believing that it is the truth. In this case there is nothing upon him, i.e not held blameworthy. [See Al-Qawlul Muffed ‘Alaa Kitaab at-Tawheed, by our Shayekh Muhammad bin Salih Al-‘Uthaimeen, v.2, pp. 157-158, with slight adaptation].

4. It covers also all that which opposes Allaah’s Judgment. And this is of different levels and ranks. Some may lead to exiting the fold of Islam, while others don’t.

Some examples on Taaghut:

Those followed, like soothsayers, magicians, and evil “scholars,” are Taaghut. Those pleased for being worshipped besides Allaah, as well as idols, are Taaghut

Very Important to Remember

(i) General Statements of Imputation of Kufr.

This is known as Itlaaq-ut-Takfeer: stating in the general sense, such as to say, “whoever does or says such and such,”from what is known to be Kufr then he is a Kafir.

(ii) Applicability on a particular person:

This is known at Takfeer-ul-Mu’ayyan It is to impute what is generally stated to be Kufr on a particular person. This can be established only after conditions of Takfeer (imputing Kufr) are met as well as all impediments which may hinder the imputing of Kufr are removed.

(iii) Who Are the Ones who advise on these Enormous Matters?

The Imputation of Kufr is very serious and it is not left for common Muslims or the student of knowledge to decide. Surely the reliable scholars following the path of the salaf are the ones who can advise concerning these immense issues. So people should refrain and hold themselves so as not to hasten to impute Kufr on a particular person before the evidences are established and impediments are removed.

And Allaah, the Most High, Knows best.

Footnotes:

[1] Taaghut: It may be Satan and/or anyone who is worshipped other than Allah and is pleased and/or calls for it. [See Appendix]. Here I relate a very important benefit explaining the issue of Taaghut which is often misunderstood by enthusiastic young Muslims and it is by Shayekh Sulaimaan Ibn Samhaan (rahimahullaah: may Allaah’s Mercy be upon him). He said: “It should be known that the one who seeks judgments from the Taaghut, or rules by other than Allaah’s rule while believing that (these) judgments are more perfect and better than the Judgment of Allaah and His Messenger, then this is disbelief (Kufr ‘aqadi: pertaining to creed) that takes the person out of the fold of Islam-as it is mentioned in the ten nullifiers of Islam. However, as to the one who does not believe as such but resorted to the Taaghut judgment while believing that it to be false, then this is of the practical type of disbelief (Kufr’amali: lesser type that does not take the person from Islam). [See Irshaadut-Taalib Ilaa Ahamadil-Mataalib, p. 19.] In addition, anyone (ruler or ruled) who equates the judgment of Allaah and His Messengers to that of man, or believes that the rules of man are more fitting to our times than the Islamic laws, commits Kufr [See Shayekh bin Baaz’s (rahimahullaah) details on this matter in Qadiyyatu-t-Takfeer bayna ahlis-sunnah wa ffiraqu-d-Dalaal, by Shayekh Sa’eed Ibn Wahf Al-Qahtaani, pp. 72-73.]

It is, therefore, concluded that the term Taaghut in itself does not necessarily translate into major disbelief and apostasy, since every Kufr is Taaghut, but not every Taaghut is Kufr. Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) considered that figurative interpretations of Allaah’s Names and Attributes through scholastic ways, and giving precedence to the intellect over the legal texts as Taaghuts (in as-Sawaa’iq alMursalah, v.2, 632-633). Certainly, none considers every level of these distortions as a major Kufr!!

[2] Tawheed: Belief in Oneness and Uniqueness of Allah. Allah is One in His Lordship, One in His God-ship, and One in His Actions, Names and Attributes.

[3] Shirk: Associating anyone/anything in the worship of Allaah (subhana wa ta’ala) or setting up rivals with Allaah (subhana wa ta’ala).

[4] Kufr: Disbelieving in Allah (subhana wa ta’ala) and His Messengers whether by denial, doubts, suspicion, aversion, jealousy, arrogance or following some whims which deters one from adhering to the Message.

[5] Collected by Al-Bukahari and Muslim.

Visit the Website of Dr. Saleh as Saleh Rahimahullaah : http://understand-islam.net

Explanation of “Four Rules of Shirk” – Shaykh Muhammad Al Khumayyis

An Explanation of Shaykhul-Islaam Muhammad Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab’s Four Principles of Shirk

Title: Explanation of “The Four Rules Regarding Shirk”
Author: Dr. Muhammad Bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Khumayyis
Translated: Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing
Produced By: Al-Ibaanah.Com

Click the Below link to read the PDF Book
Explanation of the Four Rules regarding shirk-  Al-Ibaanah.com (PDF)

About the Book:

Before you is a complete translation of a treatise written by Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab, “Al-Qawaa’id-ul-Arba’ah”, with an explanation by Dr. Muhammad bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Khumayyis. The treatise, along with its explanation, was printed in a larger book: “Jam’-ul-Funoon fee Sharh Jumlati Mutoon Li’’Aqaa’id Ahlis-Sunnah ‘alal-Madhaahib-il-Arba’ah” [A Compilation of Explanations of Treatises on the Creed of Ahlus-Sunnah according to the Four Madh-habs] by Daar Ilaaf Publishers. The treatise was then printed as a separate booklet in order to spread the benefit and facilitate the knowledge for readers.

The treatise “Al-Qawaa’id-ul-‘Arba’ah” [The Four Rules regarding Shirk] is well known throughout the Muslim world and needs no introduction. It is a basic discussion that provides fundamental principles regarding Shirk. Although short in size, it is an extremely valuable source of knowledge and a must–read for all students desiring to further their understanding of Islaam.

The commentator, Muhammad bin ‘Abdir-Rahmaan Al-Khumayyis, has added summaries and several test questions at the end of each section, in order to facilitate the study of the material for the readers and students.

The Following articles are extracted from this e-Book:

Thalaathat-ul-Usool: The Three Fundamental Principles [Complete Translation]

The Three Fundamental Principles
Of the Imaam and Mujaddid Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [Died 1206H]
– may Allaah have mercy on him –

Translated by Abu Maryam Isma’eel AlArcon,
al-Ibaanah e-books

[Read or Download Arabic Matn (Text) Here] [PDF] [27 Pages]

About the Book:

Before you is a complete translation of the great classical treatise “Thalaathat-ul-Usool” [The Three Fundamental Principles] of Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab. The source used for this translation was a booklet with the title “The Creed of the Saved Sect” printed by Maktab-ul-Islamee in 1993 [5th Edition] with checking by Zuhair Shawaish. This book is not to be confused with “al-Usool-uthThalaatha” which is another work written by Imaam Ibn ‘Abdul-Wahhaab.

This treatise needs no introduction, as it is one of the Islamic works that is most studied and taught throughout the world. In fact, many of the scholars recommend the students of knowledge to begin their path of learning by studying and mastering this booklet. The reason for this is because it was written by the author in a simple manner and comprising of the basic fundamentals of this Religion in brief. The material contained in the treatise was designed to be easily memorized and understood.

It is our intent, by producing this treatise, to provide the English audience with the source of this tremendous work so that they may study it in gatherings and use it as a reference. There are several explanations available for “The Three Fundamental Principles” that were written in recent times, such as that of Imaam Muhammad bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaimeen, Shaikh Zayd Al-Madkhalee and Shaikh Saalih Aali Shaikh.

[Download the PDF Here]

Read the Text Below :

The Three Fundamental Principles

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy.

Know, may Allaah have mercy on you, that we are obligated to learn four matters:

  1. First: Knowledge, which means: awareness of Allaah, awareness of His Prophet, and awareness of the Religion of Islaam, based on evidences.
  2. Second: Acting on this.
  3. Third: Calling to it.
  4. Fourth: Patience with the harm that befalls due to it.

The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, the Bestower of Mercy. By the time! Verily mankind is at loss – except for those who believe and perform righteous deeds, and advise one another towards the truth and advise one another towards patience.” [Surah Al-‘Asr]

Ash-Shaafi’ee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Had Allaah not sent down a proof to His creation other than this surah (chapter), it would have been sufficient for them.”

Al-Bukhaaree, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “Chapter: Knowledge comes before speech and action.”

The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“So know that there is no deity worthy of worship except Allaah, and seek forgiveness for your sins.” [Surah Muhammad: 19]

So He began by mentioning knowledge before speech and action.

Know, may Allaah have mercy on you, that it is obligatory upon every Muslim male and female to learn and act upon the following three things:

First: That Allaah created us, provided sustenance for us, and did not leave us neglected. Rather, He sent a Messenger to us. So whoever obeys him will enter Paradise, whereas whoever disobeys him will enter the Hellfire.

The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

“Verily, We sent to you a Messenger, to be a witness over you, just as we sent a Messenger to Pharaoh. But Pharaoh disobeyed the Messenger (i.e. Moosaa) so We seized him with a severe punishment” [Surah Al-Muzzammil: 15-16]

Second: Allaah is not pleased with anyone being mixed into worship with Him – neither an angel brought close nor a prophet that was sent.

The proof for this is:

“And verily the masaajid belong to Allaah, so do not call unto anyone along with Allaah.” [Surah Al-Jinn: 18]

Third: Whoever obeys the Messenger (i.e. Muhammad) and singles Allaah out (in worship), it is not permissible for him to take as allies those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger, not even if they are close relatives.

The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“You will not find any people who believe in Allaah and the Last Day making friendship with those who oppose Allaah and His Messenger, even if they are their fathers or their sons or their brothers or there kindred. For such He has written Faith in their hearts, and strengthened them with Rooh (light and guidance) from Himself. And He will admit them into Gardens under which rivers flow to dwell therein forever. Allaah is pleased with them and they with Him. They are the party of Allaah. Verily it is the party of Allaah that will be the successful.” [Surah Al-Mujaadilah: 22]

Know, may Allaah grant you the ability to obey Him, that Al-Haneefiyyah, the Religion of Ibraaheem, is that you worship Allaah alone, making the religion sincerely (i.e. solely) for Him. This is what Allaah ordered all of mankind to do, and this is the purpose for which He created them, as Allaah says:

“And I did not create the Jinn and mankind except to worship Me.” [Surah AdhDhaariyaat: 56]

The meaning of “to worship Me” is “to single Me out (in worship).”

The greatest thing that Allaah commanded is Tawheed, which means: Singling Allaah out in worship. And the greatest thing that Allaah warned against is Shirk, which is: Supplicating to others along with Him.

The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

“And worship Allaah (alone) and do not mix anything (in worship) with Him.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 36]

So if it said to you: What are the three fundamental principles that mankind is obligated to know?

Then say: That the servant knows his Lord, his Religion and his Prophet Muhammad, may the peace and blessings of Allaah be on him.

The First Fundamental Principle:

So if it is said: Who is your Lord?

Then say: My Lord is Allaah, the One who nurtured me and nurtured all of creation through His favors. And He is the One whom I worship, there being to me no (false) deity worshipped that is equal to Him.

The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

All praise be to Allaah, Lord of the ‘Alameen (i.e. all of creation).” [Surah AlFaatihah: 1]

The word ‘Aalam refers to everything apart from Allaah, and I am part of that creation. So if it is said to you: How did you come to know of your Lord?

Then say: By way of His signs and His creations. And among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. And among His creations are the seven (levels of) heaven and the seven (levels of) earth, as well as whoever [and whatever] lies in them and between them. The proof for this is Allaah’s statement:

“And from among His signs are the night and the day, and the sun and the moon. Do not prostrate yourselves to the sun or to the moon, but rather prostrate yourselves to Allaah who created them, if it is He whom you truly worship.” [Surah Fussilat: 37]

And His statement:

“Verily, your Lord is Allaah, who created the heavens and the earth in six days, and then rose over the Throne. He brings the night as a cover over the day, which it follows rapidly. And He made the sun, the moon and the stars subjected to His Command. Surely, to Him belongs the Creation and the Command. Blessed is Allaah, Lord of the Worlds.” [Surah Al-A’raaf: 54]

The word Rabb (Lord) means One who is worshipped. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“O mankind! Worship your Lord who created you and those before you, so that you may be dutiful to Him. He is the One who made the earth a resting place for you, and the sky as a canopy, and sent down water from the sky and brought forth therewith fruits as a provision for you. So do no set up rivals with Allaah in worship knowingly.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 21-22]

Ibn Katheer, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “The creator of these things is the One who truly deserves to be worshipped.”

The types of worship that Allaah commanded, such as Islaam, Eemaan and Ihsaan, which includes: Supplication (Du’aa), Fear (Khawf), Hope (Rajaa), Reliance (Tawakkul), Longing (Raghbah) and Dreading (Rahbah), Submissiveness (Khushoo’), Awe (Khashyah), Repentance (Inaabah), Seeking Assistance (Isti’aanah), Seeking Refuge (Isti’aadhah), Asking for Help (Istighaathah), Offering Sacrifices (Dhabah), Making Oaths (Nadhar) and all of the other types of worship that Allaah commanded – all of these belong to Allaah, alone. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“And the masaajid belong to Allaah, so do not call unto anyone along with Allaah.” [Surah Al-Jinn: 18]

So whoever directs any part of these (acts of worship) to other than Allaah, then he is a polytheist, disbeliever. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“And whoever calls unto another god besides Allaah, of which he has no proof for, his reckoning is only with his Lord. Surely, the disbelievers will not be successful.” [Surah Al-Mu’minoon: 117]

It is stated in a hadeeth: “The supplication is the core of worship.” [1]

The proof for this (i.e. supplication) is Allaah’s saying:

“And your Lord says: ‘Supplicate to Me, I will respond to you. Verily those who are to proud to worship Me will enter the Hellfire in disgrace.’” [Surah Ghaafir: 60]

The proof for Fear (khawf) is Allaah’s saying:

“So do not fear them, but fear Me if you are true believers.” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan:175]

The proof for Hope (Rajaa) is Allaah’s saying:

“So whoever hopes to meet his Lord, then let him perform righteous deeds, and not mix anyone into the worship of his Lord.” [Surah Al-Kahf: 110]

The proof for Reliance (Tawakkul) is Allaah’s saying:

“And upon Allaah (alone) put your reliance if you are truly believers.” [Surah AlMaa’idah: 23]

And His saying:

“And whoever relies upon Allaah, then He is sufficient for Him.” [Surah At-Talaaq:3]

The proof for Longing (Raghbah) and Dreading (Rahbah) and Submissiveness (Khusoo’) is Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, they used to rush to do good deeds, and they would call on Us, longing (His reward) and dreading (His punishment), and they used to humble themselves submissively before Us.” [Surah Al-Anbiyaa: 90]

The proof for Awe (Khashyah) is Allaah’s saying:

“So do not be in awe of them, but have awe of Me.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 150]

The proof for Repentance (Inaabah) is Allaah’s saying:

“And turn to your Lord in repentance and submit to Him (as Muslims).” [Surah Az-Zumar: 54]

The proof for Seeking Assistance (Isti’aanah) is Allaah’s saying:

“You alone do we worship and in You alone do we seek assistance.” [Surah AlFaatihah: 4]

And in the hadeeth: “When you ask for assistance then seek assistance in Allaah.” [02]

The proof for Seeking Refuge (Isti’aadhah) is Allaah’s saying:

“Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of the Daybreak.” [Surah Al-Falaq: 1] And:

“Say: I seek refuge in the Lord of Mankind.” [Surah An-Naas: 1]

The proof for Asking for Help (Istighaathah) is Allaah’s saying:

“And remember when you sought help from your Lord and He responded to you…” [Surah Al-Anfaal: 9]

The proof for offering sacrifices (Dhabah) is Allaah’s saying:

“Say: Verily my prayer, my sacrificial offerings, my living and my dying are for Allaah, Lord of the Worlds. He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.” [Surah Al-An’aam: 162-163]

And from the Sunnah is: “May Allaah curse the one who offers a sacrifice to other than Allaah.” [03]

The proof for Making Oaths (Nadhar) is Allaah’s saying:

“They are those who fulfill their vows and fear a Day whose evil will be widespread.” [Surah Al-Insaan: 7]

The Second Fundamental Principle:

Knowing the Religion of Islaam, based on evidences. This (i.e. Islaam) means submitting to Allaah by way of Tawheed, surrendering one’s (full) obedience to Him, and absolving oneself from Shirk and its people. This can be divided into three levels:

1. Islaam
2. Eemaan, and
3. Ihsaan

Each one of these levels has its own pillars.

The Level of Islaam:

The pillars of Islaam are five:

  1. The testimony that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah;
  2. Establishing the Prayer;
  3. Giving the Zakaat;
  4. Fasting in Ramadaan;
  5. Performing Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House.

The proof for the testimony of Faith is Allaah’s saying:

“Allaah bears witness that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Him, and so do the angels and those who possess knowledge. He is always maintaining His creation with justice. None has the right to be worshipped but Him – the All-Mighty, the All-Wise.” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 18]

The meaning of it (i.e. the testimony of Faith) is: There is no one that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone. Laa Ilaaha negates everything that is worshipped besides Allaah, while IllaaAllaah affirms the worship of only Allaah, free from any partner being mixed in with His worship, just as there is no partner mixed in with His Dominion.

An explanation of this, which will clarify it further, is found in Allaah’s saying:

“And remember when Ibraaheem said to his father and to his people: ‘Verily, I am free from all that you worship – except for He who created Me, and verily He will guide me.’ And He made it a statement that will endure among his offspring that they may turn back to.” [Surah Az-Zukhruf: 26-28]

And Allaah’s saying:

“Say: ‘O People of the Scripture (i.e. Jews and Christians)! Come to a word that is just between us and you – that we worship none but Allaah alone and that we associate no partners with Him; and that none of us shall take others as lords besides Allaah.’ Then if they turn away, say: ‘Bear witness that we are Muslims.’” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 64]

The proof for testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah is His saying:

“Verily there has come to you a Messenger from amongst yourselves. It grieves him that you should receive any injury or difficulty. He is anxious over you (to be guided) and he is full of kindness and mercy towards the believers.” [Surah AtTawbah: 128]

The meaning of testifying that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah is: Obeying him in what he has commanded, believing him in what he has informed us of, avoiding what he forbade and warned against, and not worshipping Allaah except by what he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) prescribed.

The proof for Prayer and Zakaat and the explanation of Tawheed is found in Allaah’s saying:

“And they were not commanded except that they should worship Allaah, making the religion (i.e. worship) solely for Him alone, and that they should perform the prayer and give the Zakaat. And that is the right Religion.” [Surah Al-Bayyinah: 5]

The proof for Fasting is Allaah’s saying:

“O you who believe! Fasting is prescribed for you just as it was prescribed for those before you, in order that you may acquire Taqwaa (dutifulness to Allaah).” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 183]

The proof for Hajj is Allaah’s saying:

“And the Hajj (pilgrimage) to the House (Ka’bah) is a duty that mankind owes to Allaah for those who are able to do it. And whoever disbelieves (by denying Hajj), then indeed Allaah is not in need of any of His creation.” [Surah Aali ‘Imraan: 97]

The Level of Eemaan:

Eemaan consists of more than seventy branches. The highest of them is saying Laa Ilaaha IllaaAllaah and the lowest of them is moving a harmful object from the road. And Hayaa (modesty) is a branch from Eemaan. [04]

Its pillars are six:

  1. That you believe in Allaah,
  2. His angels,
  3. His books,
  4. His Messengers,
  5. the Last Day, and that you believe in
  6. Al-Qadar (Divine PreDecree) – the good of it and the bad of it.

The proof for these six pillars is Allaah’s statement:

“Righteousness (birr) is not that you turn your faces towards the east and the west (in prayer), but rather righteousness (birr) is (for) the one who believes in Allaah, the Last Day, the Angels, the Books and the Prophets.” [Surah AlBaqarah: 177]

And the proof for Al-Qadar (Pre-Decree) is Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, We have created all things with Qadar (divine pre-decree ordained for it).” [Surah Al-Qamar: 49]

The Level of Ihsaan:

Ihsaan is one pillar, which means: To worship Allaah as if you see Him, but even if you don’t see Him, He indeed sees you. [05]

The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, Allaah is with those who have Taqwaa (dutifulness to Allaah) and those who have Ihsaan.” [Surah An-Nahl: 128]

And His saying:

“And put your trust in the All-Mighty, the Most Merciful, who sees you when you stand up (for prayer at night), and (who sees) your movements among those who prostrate themselves (to Him). Verily, He is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” [Surah Ash-Shu’araa: 217-220]

And His saying:

“There is no deed that you (O Muhammad) do, nor any portion of the Qur’aan that you recite, nor any deed that you (humans) do, except that We are witnesses to it, whilst you are doing it.” [Surah Yoonus: 61]

The proof from the Sunnah is the famous hadeeth of Jibreel, which is reported from ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab (رضي الله عنه) who said: “One day we were sitting with the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) when there appeared to us a man with extremely white garments and extremely black hair. No trace of journeying could be seen on him nor did any amongst us recognize him. Then he sat in front of the Prophet, lining up his knees with his (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) knees and placing his palms upon his (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) thighs, and said: ‘O Muhammad, inform me about Islaam.’ So he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘It is that you testify that there is no deity that has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. And that you establish the prayer, give the Zakaat, fast during Ramadaan and perform the Hajj (pilgrimage) to (Allaah’s) House, if you are able to do it.’ He said: ‘You have spoken truthfully.’ So we were amazed that he had asked him and then told him that he was truthful.

Then he said: ‘Now inform me about Eemaan.’ So he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘It is that you believe in Allaah, His angels, His (revealed) books, His messengers, the Last Day, and that you believe in Al-Qadar, the good of it and the bad of it.’ He said: ‘You have spoken truthfully. Now inform me about Ihsaan.

He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘It is that you worship Allaah as if you see Him, but even though you don’t see Him, He indeed sees you.’

He then said: ‘Now inform me about the (Final) Hour.’ He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘The one who is being asked does not have any more knowledge of it than the one who is asking.’ He said: ‘So then inform me about its signs.’ He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘It will be when the mother gives birth to her (female) master, when the barefooted, barren and lowly shepherds will compete with one another in constructing tall buildings.’

Then he left and we remained (seated) there for a while. Then he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘O ‘Umar, do you know who the questioner was?’ I said: ‘Allaah and His Messenger know best.’ He (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said: ‘That was Jibreel who came to you to teach you your Religion.’”

The Third Fundamental Principle

Knowledge of your Prophet, Muhammad: He is Muhammad, the son of ‘Abdullaah, the son of ‘Abdul-Mutallib bin Haashim. Haashim was from the (the tribe of) Quraysh and Quraysh was from the Arabs. And the Arabs are from the offspring of (Prophet) Isma’eel, son of (Prophet) Ibraaheem. May Allaah send the best of His peace and blessings on him and on our Prophet (Muhammad) (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم).

He lived for sixty-three years, forty of which was prior to his prophethood and twentythree of which he spent as a prophet, messenger. He became a prophet due to (Allaah’s saying): ْ“ اقْرَأ Read” [Surah ‘Alaq: 1] and a messenger due to: ُيَا أَيُّهَا الْمُدَّثِّر “O you wrapped in garments.” [Surah Al-Muddathir: 1]

His homeland was Makkah, and he (later) migrated to Madeenah. Allaah sent him to warn against Shirk (polytheism) and to call to Tawheed (pure monotheism). The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“O you wrapped in garments. Rise and warn! And magnify your Lord (Allaah). And purify your garments. And abandon ar-rujz (idols). And do not give away something in order to have more. And be patient for the sake of your Lord.” [Surah Al-Muddathir: 1-7]

The meaning of: “Rise and warn” is warn against Shirk and call to Tawheed. “And magnify your Lord” means glorify Him by way of Tawheed. “And purify your garments” means cleanse your actions from Shirk. “And abandon ar-rujz.” “Rujz” means statues, and “Abandon” means leave them and free yourself from them and those who worship them. He remained doing this for ten years, calling the people to Tawheed. And after ten years, he was ascended up to the heaven, where the five daily prayers were made obligatory on him. So he prayed in Makkah for three years and thereafter, he was ordered to make the Hijrah (migration) to Madeenah.

Hijrah means Moving from a land of Shirk to a land of Islaam. It is obligatory upon this ummah to migrate from a land of Shirk to a land of Islaam, and this is everlasting until the (Final) Hour is established. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, as for those whom the angels take (in death) while they are wronging themselves (by not performing Hijrah), they (angels) will say (to them): ‘In what (condition) were you?’ They will reply: ‘We were weak and oppressed in the earth.’ They (angels) will say: ‘Was not the earth of Allaah spacious enough for you to migrate therein?’ Such men will find their abode in Hell – what an evil destination! Except the weak ones among men, and women and children – who cannot devise a plan, nor are they able to direct their way. These are the ones whom Allaah is (most) likely to forgive, and Allaah is Ever Oft-Pardoning, Most Forgiving.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 97-99]

And Allaah’s saying:

“O My servants who believe (in Me)! Verily, My earth is spacious so to Me alone, perform your worship.” [Surah Al-‘Ankaboot: 56]

Al-Baghawee, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “The reason for the revelation of this ayah was due to some Muslims who had resided in Makkah and did not migrate (to Madeenah). Allaah called out to them using the title of Eemaan (for them).”

The proof for Hijrah from the Sunnah is his (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) saying: “Hijrah will not cease until repentance ceases. And repentance will not cease (to be accepted) until the sun rises from where it sets (i.e. the west).” [07]

So when he settled in Madeenah, he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) commanded all of the remaining Laws of Islaam, such as Zakaat, Fasting, Hajj, Adhaan, Jihaad, commanding good and forbidding evil, as well as the other laws of Islaam. He remained doing this for ten years, and then passed away, peace and blessings of Allaah be on him, while his Religion remained.

This was his Religion – there was no good except that he directed his ummah towards it, and there was no evil except that he warned them against it. The good that he directed his ummah to was: Tawheed and everything that Allaah loves and is pleased with. The evil that he warned his ummah about was: Shirk and everything that Allaah hates and rejects.

Allaah sent him to all of mankind, and He made it an obligation upon everyone from the two species of Jinn and mankind to obey him. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“Say: ‘O people! Verily, I am the Messenger of Allaah sent to all of you.’” [Surah Al-A’raaf: 158]

Allaah perfected and completed his Religion through him (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“This day [08] I have completed your Religion for you, and perfected my Favor upon you. And I am pleased with Islaam as a Religion for you.” [Surah Al-Maa’idah: 3]

The proof that he (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) died is Allaah’s saying:

“You will surely die and they too will surely die. Then on the Day of Recompense, you will be disputing before your Lord.” [Surah Az-Zumar: 30-31]

When people die they will be resurrected. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“From it (the earth) We created you, and to it We shall return you, and from it We shall bring you out once again.” [Surah TaHa: 55]

And Allaah’s saying:

“Allaah has brought you forth from the earth. Afterwards, He will return you into it and (then) bring you forth (once again, i.e. resurrection).” [Surah Nooh: 17-18]

After being resurrected, they will be judged and recompensed for their actions. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“And to Allaah belongs all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth, that He may recompense those who do evil with that which they have done (i.e. Hellfire), and reward those who do good with what is best (i.e. Paradise).” [Surah An-Najm: 31]

Whoever rejects the resurrection, disbelieves. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“The disbelievers claim they will never be resurrected. Say (O Muhammad): ‘Yes, by my Lord! You will certainly be resurrected then you will be informed of what deeds you did.’ And that is easy for Allaah.” [Surah At-Taghaabun: 7]

Allaah sent all of the messengers, giving good tidings and warning. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“Messengers bearing good news and warning – in order that mankind could have no plea against Allaah after (the coming of) the Messengers.” [Surah AnNisaa: 165]

The first of them was Nooh and the last of them was Muhammad, who was the Seal of
the Prophets.

The proof that Nooh was the first of them is Allaah’s saying:

“Verily, We sent the revelation to you (O Muhammad), just as We sent the revelation to Nooh and the prophets after him.” [Surah An-Nisaa: 163]

Every nation that Allaah sent a messenger to, from Nooh up to Muhammad, he (i.e. the messenger) would command them to worship Allaah alone and forbid them from worshipping the Taaghoot. The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“And We have indeed sent a messenger to every nation (saying): ‘Worship Allaah (alone) and avoid the false deities (Taaghoot).” [Surah An-Nahl: 36]

Allaah obligated all of His servants to disbelieve in the Taaghoot and believe in Allaah. Ibn Al-Qayyim, may Allaah have mercy on him, said: “The meaning of Taaghoot is someone or thing for whose sake a worshipper transgresses limits, such as those who are worshipped, followed or obeyed.”

The Tawaagheet (pl. of Taaghoot) are many, but their heads are five:

(1) Iblees (the Devil), may Allaah curse him;
(2) whoever is worshipped while being pleased with that;
(3) whoever calls the people to worship himself;
(4) whoever claims to have knowledge of the Unseen, and
(5) whoever rules by other than what Allaah has revealed.

The proof for this is Allaah’s saying:

“There is no compulsion in the Religion. Verily, the right path has become distinct from the wrong path. So whoever disbelieves in the Taaghoot and believes in Allaah, then he has taken hold of the firmest handhold that will never break. And Allaah is the All-Hearer, the All-Knower.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 256]

This is what is meant by the statement Laa Ilaaha IllaaAllaah.

And in the hadeeth: “The head of the matter is Islaam and its main pillar is the Prayer. And its highest part is Jihaad in the Cause of Allaah.” [09]

And Allaah knows best. May Allaah send His peace and blessings on Muhammad, his family and his Companions.

[End of the Treatise]

Footnotes:

[01]Reported by At-Tirmidhee with a weak chain of narration. However it is authentically reported from An-Nu’maan bin Basheer with the wording: “The supplication is worship.” This was reported by Ahmad (18351), At-Tirmidhee and others with an authentic chain of narration. Refer to Saheeh alJaami’-us-Sagheer (3407) as well as Da’eef al-Jaami’-us-Sagheer (3003), both from Imaam AlAlbaanee, rahimahullaah.

[02] An authentic hadeeth based on its several paths of narration, reported by Ahmad and At-Tirmidhee.

The first part of it is: “O young lad. I will teach you some words: Safeguard Allaah and you will find Him before you; If you ask (for something), then ask (it from) Allaah; and when you ask for assistance, then seek assistance in Allaah.”

The remainder of the hadeeth as occurs in al-Mishkaat (5302) is: “And know that if the ummah were to gather together to benefit you with something, they would not be able to benefit you except with something that Allaah has already written for you. And if they were to gather together to harm you with something, they would not be able to harm you except with something that Allaah has already written against you. The pens have been lifted and the pages have dried.” Refer to Saheeh al-Jaami’-us-Sagheer (7957) and Saheeh Sunan AtTirmidhee (2043) of Imaam Al-Albaanee, rahimahullaah.

[03] This is a portion of a hadeeth found in Saheeh Muslim on the authority of ‘Alee (رضي الله عنه). The complete hadeeth reads: “May Allaah curse the one who curses his father. And may Allaah curse the one who offers a sacrifice to other than Allaah. And may Allaah curse the one who accommodates an innovator.” This hadeeth is found in the Musnad of Imaam Ahmad (no. 953 and 1305). Also refer to Saheeh Sunan An-Nasaa’ee (4119)

[04] This is based on an agreed upon hadeeth; i.e. reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.

[05] Part of a hadeeth reported by Muslim on the authority of ‘Umar (رضي الله عنه) and by Al-Bukhaaree from Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه).

[06] An authentic hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim

[07]Reported by Ahmad (16882) and Abu Dawood (See Saheeh Sunan Abee Dawood: 2166). The second part of it is found in Saheeh Muslim from the narration of Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه).

[08]Translator’s Note: What is meant by “This Day” is the day of Jumu’ah (Friday), which occurred on the Day of ‘Arafah after ‘Asr during the Prophet’s farewell pilgrimage. This is what has been related in the Saheeh of Imaam Al-Bukhaaree from ‘Umar bin Al-Khattaab (رضي الله عنه).

[09] Reported by At-Tabaraanee from Mu’aadh with the wording: “The head of this matter is Islaam. And whoever submits to Islaam is saved. Its main pillar is the Prayer. And its highest part is Jihaad. No one will attain it except for the best amongst them.” This is a weak hadeeth. Refer to Da’eef al-Jaami’-us-Sagheer (3077).

Related Link:

Book Study  Resources for “Three Fundamental Principles”
https://abdurrahman.org/islamic-book-study/thalaathat-ul-usool-the-three-fundamental-principles/

Some of the Benefits of Surah Al-Faatihah : Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab

Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab
His treatise “Ba’adu Fawaa’id Surat-il-Faatihah”
Al-Ibaanah.com

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Merciful, Bestower of Mercy.

[1] All praise is for Allaah, Lord of the worlds.

[2] The Most merciful, the Bestower of Mercy

[3] Owner of the Day of Recompense

These three verses contain three matters:

The First Verse: Consist of Love. This is since Allaah is the One who grants blessings, and the One who grants blessings is loved in accordance to His granting of blessings.

Love is divided into four types:

The First Love: The Polytheistic Type of Love: This applies to those about whom Allaah said: “And amongst mankind are those who take rivals apart from Allaah, loving them like the love that is due to Allaah…” up to where He said: “And they will not be able to get out from the Fire.”

The Second Love: Love for falsehood and its adherents while having hatred for the truth and its adherents. This is the characteristic of the hypocrites.

The Third Love: The Natural Type of Love: This applies to love for wealth and children. If such things do not preoccupy one from obeying Allaah or assist in disobeying Allaah, then they are allowable.

The Fourth Love: Love for the adherents of Tawheed (monotheism) and hatred for the adherents of Shirk (polytheism). This is the strongest handhold of Faith and the greatest thing a servant can worship his Lord by.

The Second Verse: Contains Hope

The Third Verse: Contains Fear.

“You alone do we worship…” meaning: “I worship You, O Lord, with what has preceded – i.e. the three things – with Love for You, Hope in You, and fear of You.”

These three things are the pillars of worship, and directing them to someone (or something) other than Allaah is Shirk (polytheism).

In these three things is a refutation against those who cling onto just one from amongst them, such as those who cling onto only Love, or cling onto only Hope or cling onto only Fear.

So whoever directs any of these three aspects to someone other than Allaah is a polytheist.

Amongst its benefits is:

A refutation against the three groups, each of which sticks to one aspect apart from the others, as is the case with those who worship Allaah with only Love. And as is the case with those who worship Allaah with just Hope, such as the Murji’ah, and those who worship Allaah with just Fear, such as the Khawaarij.

[4] You alone do we worship and in You alone do we seek assistance

This verse contains the Oneness of Allaah in the Worship due to Him and the Oneness of Allaah in His Lordship.

“You alone do we worship” contains the Oneness of Allaah in the Worship due to Him, i.e. Tawheed al-Uloohiyyah.

“And in You alone do we seek assistance” contains the Oneness of Allaah in His Lordship, i.e. Tawheed ar-Ruboobiyyah.

[5] Guide us to the Straight Path

This verse consists of a refutation against the innovators.

As for the last two verses,[1] then from among its benefits is that Allaah mentions the (various) conditions of the people. Allaah has divided them into three categories: (1) Those whom Allaah has bestowed His Blessing on; (2) Those whom have gained Allaah’s Anger; and (3) Those who are astray.

Those who have gained Allaah’s Anger are the people who have knowledge but no actions.

Those who are astray are the people who perform worship but no knowledge with it.

Even though the reason why this verse was revealed was with regard to the Jews and the Christians, it applies to everyone that characterizes himself with these attributes.

The third category consists of those who are characterized with knowledge and action. They are the ones whom Allaah has bestowed His Blessing on.

Another of the benefits derived from this surah is that an individual is freeing himself from any power or might since he is the one who is having the blessings bestowed on him. This surah also presents a complete awareness of Allaah and negates all defects from Him, Blessed and Exalted. The surah also contains a person’s aware ness of his Lord and awareness of himself.

This is since if there is a Lord, then there must also be one who is governed. If there is one who grants mercy, then there must also be one who is shown mercy. If there is an owner, then there must be that which is owned. If there is a worshipper, then there must also be one that is worshipped. If there is one that is guided then there must be one that guides. If there is one who bestows blessings, then there must also be one who receives the blessings. If there is one who obtains anger, then there must also be one who is angry. And if there is one who is astray, then there must also be one who leads astray.

So this surah consists of the Oneness of Allaah in His Worship and Lordship and a negation of deficiencies from Allaah. It also consists of the definition and pillars of worship. And Allaah knows best.

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Note: Meaning: “The Path of those upon whom You bestowed Your Blessing. Not of those who have gained Your Anger nor of those who are astray.”

Published: January 30, 2006

Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk – Shaykh Sālih bin Muhammad Al-Luhaydān [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Explanation of the Four Rules Regarding Shirk
Of Imām Muhammad bin ‘Abdul-Wahāb
By Shaykh Sālih bin Muhammad Al-Luhaydān
Translation adapted from Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing

شرح القواعد الأربع
الإسلام محمد بن عبد الوهاب
الشيخ صالح بن محمد اللحيدان

Abridged Seerah of Prophet Muhammad ﷺ – Imam Muhammad bin AbdulWahhaab | Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Series |En]

Abridged Biography of Prophet Muhammad (Peace be upon him)

Abridged Seerah of Prophet Muhammad sallallahu alaihi wasallam
by  Shaykh Muhammad bin AbdulWahhaab
Abu Muhammad al Maghribee
http://followthesalaf.com

The Book can be purchased at darussalam.com here

[Soundcloud Playlist Link]

Class # Contents:

  • Class 01: Who were the first to embrace Islaam and who was the first martyr of Islaam?
  • Class 02: Covered many topics, such as the first bloodshed in Islaam and the first Hijra
  • Class 03: Reviewed the Second Hijrah to Habasha and continued with discussing the request of the Quraish that an-Najaashee to return the Muslims to the Quraish.
  • Class 04: Ended the last class with the death of An-Najaashee and begin this class with the entrance of Hamza into Islaam, radiyallahu anhumaa.
  • Class 05: Death of Khadijah, the wife of the Messenger, sallallahu alaihi wasallam, and Abi Taalib.
  • Class 06: Questioning of the Quraysh to the messenger, sallallahu alaihi wasallam, regarding the soul and the people of the cave.
  • Class 07: In last class we read about the questions of the Quraysh regarding the Soul and the People of the Cave.  Today we continue reading about the questions and the blessing of being guided to al-Islaam
  • Class 08: Continue with the section “Their Request for Signs” (meaning the Quraysh)
  • Class 09: Departure of the Prophet, sallallahu alaihi wasallam, for Taif

Titles of the other classes will be added soon, inshaa’ Allaah

Ten Things That Nullify one’s Islam – Shaykh Muhammad ibn Abdul-Wahab [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Ten Things That Nullify one’s Islām – Shaykh Al-Islām, al-Mujadid, Muhammad ibn ‘Abdul-Wahāb ibn Sulaimān At-Tamimi – May Allāh have mercy upon him.
نواقض الإسلام العشرة لشيخ الإسلام محمد بن عبد الوهاب

Audio Download Link for the text: https://www.box.com/s/15d8372407bb92b…

Arabic Meten: http://www.ajurry.com/vb/showthread.p…

Then YES, I am a Wahhabi – Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzan

Scholar: ´Allâmah Sâlih bin Fawzân al-Fawzân
Source: sahab.net/forums/index.php?showtopic=120580
Reference: Darulhadith.com
Translated by afatwa.com

Question:

Why are all of those who call towards Tawhîd called as “Wahhâbiyyah” ever since Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhâb (rahimahullâh)? This word scares off many people from those who call towards Tawhîd.

Shaykh al-Fawzân:

No, it doesn’t scare off at all. We are proud of the fact that the one who calls towards Tawhîd is called as “Wahhâbî” and all praise is due to Allâh. What is the one who calls towards Shirk (idolatry, polytheism) called then? What is he called? Jâhilî!

We are proud of it. Let them then say “Wahhâbî”. They are thusly themselves witnessing that the call of Wahhâbiyyah is a call towards Tawhîd. The author of “al-Lanjah” (rahimahullâh) said:

“If the one who follows Ahmad is a Wahhâbî, then let the humans and Jinns witness that I am a Wahhâbî.”

Ahmad here is the messenger (sallâ Allâhu ‘alayhi wa sallam);

“If the one who follows Ahmad is a Wahhâbî, then let the humans and Jinns witness that I am a Wahhâbî.”

Notes: The Conditions (Shuroot), Pillars (Arkaan) and Requirements (Waajibaat) of the Prayer

A condition (sharat) is something that is required before the commencement of prayer in order for it to be valid.

The pillars (arkaan) are that which if one fails to perform any of them out of forgetfulness or intentionally, his prayer is rendered invalid because of his abandoning it. Sujood as Sahuw will not make up for someone neglecting one of these pillars – even out of forgetfulness. If, for example, someone realizes during the third rak’ah of the ‘Isha prayer that he left out a rukun (pillar) during each of the first two rak’ah, then he must make up those first two rak’ah. Additionally, before taslim, he should make Sujood as Sahuw. But if he were to say, “I’ll just make Sujood as Sahuw at the end” and not make up those first two rak’ah in which he left off a rukun, then his prayer would be null and void.

The requirements (waajibaat) are that which if one fails to perform any of them intentionally, his prayer is rendered invalid due to his abandoning it, but if he leaves any of them due to forgetfulness, he is obligated to perform the (extra) prostrations for forgetfulness. The Wajibaat (obligatory) matters are similar to the Arkaan (pillars) in that they cannot be left off on purpose. However, the wajibaat are different in that if left off unintentionally (out of forgetfulness), Sujood as Sahuw at the end make up for it; whereas the neglected arkaan (pillars) must be repeated even if unintentionally left off.

All these conditions and pillars are for the one who is saleem (able, normal). It is upon him to do what he is able to do. For example, if a person is not able to stand or is handicapped and cannot sit, then,

“Allaah does not place a burden on a soul more than it can bear.” (Al-Baqarah 2:286)

However, if he is able to stand and do rukoo’, but not sit or make sujood, then he is obligated to stand and do rukoo’, as these are pillars and he has the ability to do these. So whatever he is able to do, then these conditions, pillars (and obligations) are applicable to him.

 The Nine Conditions of the Prayer  The Fourteen Pillars of the Prayer  The Eight Requirements of the Prayer
1) One must be Muslim2) He must be sane and conscious3) He must be of the age of maturity4) He must have wudoo (ablution) and have taken ghusl if necessary

5) There must be no impurities on his body, clothes or place of prayer

6) He must cover his ‘awrah.

7) It must be the right time for the prayer he is performing

8) His entire body must be facing the Qiblah.

9) He must have the intention for the prayer in his heart

1) Standing, if one has the ability to do so2) The opening Takbeer3) Reciting Surah Al-Faatihah in every rak’ah4) Bowing

5) Rising from Bowing

6) Prostrating on all seven limbs

7) Erecting oneself from it

8) Sitting between the two prostrations

9) Remaining tranquil (i.e. not rushing) during all of these pillars)

10) Maintaining the same Sequence

11) The final Tashahhud

12) Sitting during the Tashahhud

13) Sending Salaat on the Prophet

14) The (final) two Tasleems

1) All the takbeers except the opening one2) Saying «Subhaana Rabby al-‘Adheem» when bowing3) Saying «Sami’a Allaahu Liman Hamidahu» – This applies to the one leading the prayer and the one praying alone

4) Saying «Rabbanaa wa Lakal-Hamd» – this applies to everyone praying

5) Saying «Subhaana Rabby al-A’alaa» when prostrating

6) Saying «Rabb Ighfir Lee» while in between the two prostrations

7) The first Tashahhud

8) Sitting during the first Tashahhud.

Book: The Conditions, Pillars and Requirements of the Prayer – Shuroot as-Salaat wa Arkaanuhaa wa Waajibaatuhaa
Author: Imaam Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab
Source: His treatise “Shuroot as-Salaat wa Arkaanuhaa wa Waajibaatuhaa”
Published by: Al-Ibaanah Book Publishing, USA
Translated by: Abu Maryam Isma’eel Alarcon

Whistling and Clapping Hands is from Jaahiliyyah – Shaykh Fawzan

[21] They performed worship by whistling and clapping their hands.

– the explanation –

From the aspects of the Days of Ignorance that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) opposed them in was their performance of worship to Allaah by means of whistling and clapping. Allaah says:

وَمَا كَانَ صَلاَتُهُمْ عِندَ الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ مُكَاء وَتَصْدِيَةً فَذُوقُواْ الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ

“And their prayer at the House (Ka’bah) was nothing but whistling and clapping of hands. So taste the torment because of what you used to disbelieve.” [Surah Al-Anfaal:35]

This means: The worship that the polytheists performed to Allaah at the sacred Ka’bah was nothing more than whistling and clapping.

The word mukaa means whistling, while tasdeeyah means clapping with the hands and palms. They would do this while at the House of Allaah and call it prayer, seeking nearness to Allaah through it. This is one of the things the devils among mankind and the jinn beautified to them, in order to deceive them.

Worship is not to be done except according to what Allaah has legislated – so it is dependent upon revelation. A person must not introduce something from his own self or take it from someone else when it is not according to what Allaah has legislated, thus worshipping Allaah by it even though it has no source in the religion.

Here, we can derive the prohibition of these two matters, which are: whistling and clapping. They are forbidden even though one may not intend to be performing worship by them, since there can be found imitation of the polytheists in it.

As for clapping, the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) only allowed it specifically1 for women at the time of a necessity, such as to notify the Imaam if he has omitted or added something to the prayer. This was due to the fitnah that could occur from their voice if there are men present. And it is not permissible for a man to imitate the disbelievers or to imitate a women by clapping.

وَمَا كَانَ صَلاَتُهُمْ عِندَ الْبَيْتِ إِلاَّ مُكَاء وَتَصْدِيَةً فَذُوقُواْ الْعَذَابَ بِمَا كُنتُمْ تَكْفُرُونَ1 Abu Hurairah (رضي الله عنه‏) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Saying Subhaanallaaah is for men and clapping is for women.” [Transmitted by Al-Bukhaaree (no. 1203) and Muslim (no. 422/106)] And in the hadeeth of Sahl bin Sa’ad, he reported that the Messenger of Allaah (صلى الله عليه وسلم) said: “Why is it that I see you clapping so much. Whoever is doubtful about something is the prayer, let him SubhanAllaah for if one says it, it will attract attention. Clapping is only for women.” Transmitted by Al-Bukhaaree (no. 684) and Muslim (no. 421)]

From the book Masaa’il-ul-Jaahiliyyah (Aspects of the Days of Ignorance) by Shaykh Muhammad bin ‘Abdil-Wahhaab (d.1206h) explained by Shaykh Saalih bin Fawzaan al-Fawzaan.

The Rulings on Tahara (Cleanliness) – Shaykh Abdullah al-Adeni [Audio|En]

The explanation of Imam Muhammad ibn Abdul Wahhab‘s treatise on tahaarah by Shaykh ‘Abdullah ibn Mari’ al-Adani hafidhahullah can be downloaded as mp3 or listened online. Only english Translation.

Click the below link to read or Download the mp3 lectures (11 lessons)

http://www.miraathpublications.net/the-rulings-on-tahara-cleanliness

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