Sitting with the Sinful is better than Sitting with an Innovator – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]


Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 83 : Point 150A
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

If you see a man whose manner and behavior is despicable such that he is wicked, sinful, a person of acts of disobedience and oppressor yet he is from the people of sunnah then keep company with him and sit with him since his sin will not harm you.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

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The Lawful is clear and the Unlawful is clear, but between them are certain Doubtful things – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]


Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 80 : Points 140
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

The lawful is that which you would witness and swear to be lawful, likewise the prohibited (haraam). That which causes uneasiness in your heart is something doubtful [1].


[1] An-Nu’maan ibn Basheer said: Messenger of Allah (ﷺ) said,

“What is lawful is clear and what is unlawful is clear, but between them are certain doubtful things which many people do not know. So he who guards against doubtful things keeps his religion and his honour blameless. But he who falls into doubtful things falls into that which is unlawful, just as a shepherd who grazes his cattle in the vicinity of a pasture declared prohibited (by the king); he is likely to stray into the pasture. Mind you, every king has a protected pasture and Allah’s involved limits is that which He has declared unlawful. Verily, there is a piece of flesh in the body, if it is healthy, the whole body is healthy, and if it is corrupt, the whole body is corrupt. Verily, it is the heart.”

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. 1/44/no.49) and Muslim (Eng. trans. 3/840/no.3882).

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:

Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desires): 50 Matters to free Oneself from it – Imam Ibn al Qayyim


It is said that Al-Hawaa is a hidden trap that one must not feel secure from. Ash-Sha’bee [34] said: “It is called Hawaa because it throws down its’ adherent.” In its general and unrestricted meaning, it demands ready pleasure without thinking about the outcome. It incites the immediate obtainment of lusts even though it is, sooner or later, the cause of greater sufferings. This life has an outcome before that of the Hereafter, and Al-Hawaa blinds its follower from giving notice to this.

Man’s Muroo’ah, [35] religion, and rationalism all forbid the pleasure whose outcome will be painful and prohibit lust whose legacy is sorrow and regret, each telling the self when it desires [pleasure and lust], “Don’t do it!” The self would obey the winner.[36] Don’t you see because of the weakness of the rationalistic restraint in a child, he prefers what he desires even though it may lead to his own destruction. On the other hand, the one who does not abide by the Deen prefers and likes what he desires even if it would lead to his destruction in the Hereafter because of the weakness in compliance to the Deen’s prohibitive code. The one who does not respect his Muroo’ah prefers what he likes even if he injures [or shatters] or even loses his Muroo’ah because of the weakness in adhering to its prohibitive code. What place does this hold in comparison with the saying of Ash-Shaafi’ee [37]: “If I knew that cold water would injure my Muroo’ah, I would not drink it.”

Since man has been distinguished from other forms of creation by being subjected to the trials of Al-Hawaa, and because at all times he encounters all kinds of events and occurrences, two references of judgment have been established in order to deal with him: The Deen and reasoning. He is always commanded to refer all of Al-Hawaa related incidents to these judges [Deen and reasoning] and to submit to their ruling. He should train himself to ward off Al-Hawaa whose consequences are safe in order to train himself to abandon Al-Hawaa, which have harmful consequences.

Let the reasonable person know that lust addicts reach a state in which they do not find pleasure therein. Yet, they are unable to give it up, because it becomes to them like an indispensable form of living.

That is why you see the alcoholic and Al-Jimaa’ [38] addict does not reach one tenth of the enjoyment achieved by those who sometimes infrequently drink [39] or engage in Al-Jimaa‘. However, it is the habit which requires that of him. Consequently, he drives himself into destructive paths to attain what is demanded by the habit. Had he been relieved from the Rayn [40] of Al-Hawaa, he would have known that he was miserable wherefore he anticipated happiness, depressed wherefore he thought he was glad, and in pain where from he sought pleasure. He is like a bird that was deceived by a grain of wheat, neither he was able to get it, nor he was able to free himself from the trap he got caught in.

So, if it is asked: “How could a person who fell in Al-Hawaa free himself from it?

The response is: “By the help and success granted by Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى), he will be able to liberate himself from Al-Hawaa by holding to the following matters:

1. A determined free will: having a vigilant care and sense of honor for himself, jealously protecting it.

2. A dose of patience making himself endure the bitter taste of the moment (i.e. the time his Hawaa is active).

3. Strength and self-determination that encourages him to drink that dose [of patience]. His courage is a moment of forbearance, and the best of living attained by an ‘Abd is through his perseverance.

4. Being aware of the splendid impression of the outcome and the cure achieved by that dose [of perseverance].

5. Being aware of the pain that exceeds the pleasure arising from following his Hawaa.

6. Keeping his good standing before Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) and in the hearts of Allaah’s ‘Ibaad. Certainly this is better and more beneficial to this than taking pleasure in following his Hawaa.

7. Preferring the joy of ‘Iffaah [41] and its honor and sweetness over the pleasure of disobedience and wrong-doing.

8. Having delight in overcoming his enemy and driving him away disgraced in his rage, grief, and worry, being unable to get hold of him as he wishes. In fact, Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) loves for His ‘Abd to abandon and enrage his enemy as He has said in his noble Book:

 وَلَا يَطَئُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَّيْلًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُم بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ

Nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. [Qur’aan,SooratAt-Tawbah. 9:120].

لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّار

That He may enrage the disbelievers with them (i.e. the Sahaabah). [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Falh, 48:29].

وَمَن يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً

He who emigrates [from his home] in the Cause of Allaah, will find on earth many dwelling places and plenty to live by. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Nisaa’. 4:100],

Which means, “A place where he abandons and assails the enemies of Allaah.” The sign of true love is to enrage the enemies of the Beloved and to forsake them.

9. Contemplating the fact that he has not been created to [be a slave of] Al-Hawaa, but that he has been prepared for a great task that will not be achieved unless he disobeys his Hawaa, as it was said:

“Indeed they have prepared you for a task such that if you are aware of it (i.e. its importance and great outcome);

Then you would hold yourself above giving respect to the negligent.”

10. That he should not choose for himself a state such that the unintelligible animal is better than him. Indeed the animal is able by means of his natural instincts to distinguish between beneficial and harmful situations, preferring the beneficial above the harmful. For the same purpose, man has been endowed with the faculty of reason. If he does not differentiate between what hurts or benefits him, or, in the case he realizes this but prefers what is harmful to him, then the status of an unintelligible animal is better than his. The evidence for this lies in the fact that an animal takes a share of enjoyment in the taste of food, drinks, and sexual relations that is not attainable by man, and that it lives a comfortable life free from thought and worry. Hence it is driven to its slaughtering place preoccupied with its lusts [42] due to the lack of knowledge about the consequences. Man will not procure the same damage done to the animal because of the intensity of the preoccupying thought, and the weakness of the used male organ, and so forth. Had the attainment of what is desired been a virtue, the right of man, who is the pure extract of the world, to it would have not been diminished while making it abundant to the animals. In the augmentation of man’s share of reasoning, knowledge, and cognition is a substitute for that (i.e. animalistic lust).

11. Let him lead his heart through the consequences of Al-Hawaa and contemplate:

  • How many virtues were missed because of his disobedience? And how much Ratheelah (vices) did it make him commit?
  • How many meals became inaccessible because of few meals?
  • How often a pleasure caused the loss of many?
  • How often did a desire break a rank, lower a head, [43] render a good reputation bad, inherit blame, leave behind it humiliation and dishonor that water cannot wash away. Yet, the eye of the follower of Hawaa is blind!

12. The intelligent person should imagine the attainment of his desire, his condition after his wish was fulfilled, what did he miss, and what occurred to him?

“The most excellent of people is the one who does not embark upon a means to accomplish something [44]
Until he distinguishes (the evil,harms) that may be incurred by its consequences.”

13. The intelligent person should really imagine what would the situation of another person be after he fulfills his desire then think of himself as being in the same standing. Indeed, the judgment respect of a thing is the same as respecting the like.

14. He should give a thought as to what his self really demands from him regarding the thing he desires. He should then question his Deen and rationale about it, they will inform him that it is nothing.

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’oud [45] said:

If anyone of you admires a woman, let him remember Manatinaha…” [46]

15. He should keep himself far from the humiliation of Al-Hawaa because whenever someone obeys his Hawaa he will sense disgrace within himself. He should not be deceived by the force, assault, and pride of the followers of Al-Hawaa, for they have the most lowly internal character of men; they have mustered both arrogance and humiliation.

16. He should compare the safety of Deen, honor, and property, and rank to the attainment of the desired pleasure. He will not find any suitability whatsoever between them. Thus he should be aware that he is from the most ignorant of men if he would trade this (Deen, honor, property, rank, etc..) for that (i.e. Hawaa).

17. He should keep himself far from being under the subdual of his enemy, the Shaytaan, who, if he sees the ‘Abd in a state of weak determination and motivation and having an inclination towards his Hawaa, he would eagerly hope to overcome and possess him and control him with the bridle of Al-Hawaa leading him wherever he wants. And whenever he senses in him a strong determination, self-honor, and high motivation, he would not hope to get hold of him except secretly and by the way of deceit or circumvention. [47]

18. He should realize that Al-Hawaa does not associate with any affair except that it corrupts it. If it gets to the knowledge, it causes him to go to Bid’ah and Dhalaalah [48] and its follower will become from amongst Ahlul Ahwaa’ [49] If it affects Al-Zuhd [50], it will lead its adherent to Ar-Riyaa’ [51] and to stand in opposition to As-Sunnah.[52] If it gets in a legal judgment, it leads its follower to injustice and hinders him from the truth. If it gets to the division of Al-Qismah,[53] it changes from a just into an unjust division. If it gets to the decisions of Wilaayah [54] and ‘Azl [55] it leads its adherent to commit treason against Allaah  (سبحانه و تعالى) and against the Muslims whereby he puts in charge or removes from duty according to his Hawaa. If it enters into worship it will deviate him from obedience and means of closeness [to Allaah]. Thus it associates not with anything but renders it corrupt.

19. He should realize that there is no way for the Shaytaan to come in upon the son of Adam except from the gate of his Hawaa. He goes around him trying to find how to invade him so that he renders his heart and deeds corrupt. The only means of entrance he finds is that of Al-Hawaa, and so he creeps along with it like poison creeping in the body.

20. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) has made Al-Hawaa an opposite to what He has revealed to His Messenger. He has made its following directly opposite to the following of His Messengers, and He classified mankind into two groups: The followers of Revelation and the followers of Al-Hawaa, And this is found in many places in the Qur’aan, as in His saying:

فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ

And if they answer you not (i.e. do not follow the doctrine of Tawheed, nor follow you), then know that they only follow Ahwaa’ahum (i.e. their evil inclinations: lust, desire, etc.) [Qur’aan, Soorat AI-Qasas, 28:50].

وَلَن تَرْضَىٰ عَنكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللَّهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىٰ

And if you [O Muhammad] were to follow their [Jews and Christians] desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. Qur’aan), then you would find neither a Waliy [protector or guardian] nor any helper against Allaah. [Qur’aan, Soorat Ai-Baqarah. 2-120].

And there are other Aayaat of similar meaning.

21. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) likened the followers of Al-Hawaa to the most contemptible animals in form and in concept. Sometimes He compared them to a dog, as in His saying:

وَلَٰكِنَّهُ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث

But he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desires. So his description is the description of a dog: If you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he [still] lolls his tongue out. [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-‘Araaf, 7:176].

Sometimes He compared them to wild donkeys:

كَأَنَّهُمْ حُمُرٌ مُّسْتَنفِرَةٌ
فَرَّتْ مِن قَسْوَرَةٍ

As if they were frightened [wild] donkeys. Fleeing from a hunter, or a lion, Or a beast Of prey. [Qur’aan, Soorat At-Muddaththir, 74:50-51].

Sometimes He changed their forms into that of monkeys and pigs.

22. The one who follows Al-Hawaa neither deserves to be obeyed, nor to be an Imaam or to be followed, because Allaah removed him away from Imaamah (leading as an Imaam) and forbade obedience to him. As to his removal, it is because Allaah said to His Khaleel [56] Ibraaheem:

إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ

“Verily, I am going to make you a leader [Prophet] of mankind.” [Ibraaheem] said: “And of my offspring [to make leaders].” [Allaah] said: “My Covenant includes not Ath-Thaalimeen (polythe’ists and wrong-doers).” [Qur’aan Soorat Al-Baqarah, 2:124).

Which means that “My Covenant regarding Imaamah (Prophethood, leadership, etc.) does not include a Thaalim (polytheist and wrongdoer}.” Anyone who follows his Hawaa is a Thaalim as Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

بَلِ اتَّبَعَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَهْوَاءَهُم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

Nay, but those who do wrong follow their own Ahwaa’ahum Without knowledge. [Qur’aan, Soorat Ar-Room, 30:29].

The prohibition to obey the follower of Al-Hawaa because of Allaah’s (سبحانه و تعالى) saying:

وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا

And obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our Remembrance, one who followed his Hawaa and whose affair [deeds] has been lost. [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Kahf, 18:28],

23. Allaah has made the one who follows Al-Hawaa at the same rank as that of the image-worshipper. He said in two places of His Book:

أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ

Have you [O Muhammad] seen him who has taken as his Ilaah [god] his own Hawaa? [57] {Qur’aan,Soorat Al-Furqaan, 25:43].

Al-Hasan [58] commented: “He is the hypocrite; there is nothing that he desires except that he follows it.”

He also said: “The hypocrite is a slave of his Hawaa: there is nothing that he desires except that he commits it.”

24. Verily, Al-Hawaa is the Hithaar [59] of Hell-Fire which surrounds it, he who walks across it will fall in Hell, just as the Prophet  (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said in the hadeeth reported in As-Saheehain:

“Al-Jannah is surrounded by all kinds of disliked and undesirable things, while the Fire (Hell) is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions.” [60]

And in the “Sunan” of At-Tirmithee in the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah which he attributed to the Prophet  (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) [he said]:

“When Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) created Al-Jannah and An-Naar [the (Hell) Fire], He send Jibreel to Al-Jannah and said: Go and look at it and at what I have prepared therein for its people. He went and looked at it and at what Allaah has prepared therein for its people, then came to Him and said: By Your Might, no one who hears of it will fail to enter it. He gave an order respecting it, and accordingly it was surrounded with undesirable things, and said [to Jibreel]: Go and look at it and at [the things] which I have prepared therein for its people. He went and looked at it, and found that it was surrounded with disliked and undesirable things, then came to Him and said: By Your Might, I am afraid that no one will enter it.

He, [Allaah] then said: Go to An-Naar and look at it and at [the things] which I have prepared therein for its people. [He went] and found that it was heaped up, one part upon another, then he came to Him and said: By Your Might, no one who hears of it will enter it. He gave a command respecting it, and it was surrounded with desirable things and passions and then said: Go back to it. He went and said: By Your Might, I am afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it.” [61]

25. It is feared that he who follows Al-Hawaa may become altogether detached from Eemaan (Faith) while being unaware. In fact, it has been confirmed that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

None of you is a true believer until his Hawaa is in accordance with what I have brought forth. ” [62]

The most dreadful thing I fear in regard to you is the seductive lusts in your bellies and in your private parts, and the misleading ways of Al-Hawaa” [63]

26. The following of Al-Hawaa is from the destructive sins. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Three [things} lead to safety and three cause destruction. Those that lead to safety are: fearing Allaah in secrecy and in the open, uttering the truth at times of satisfaction and anger, and moderation at times of poverty and wealth. As to the [three] that cause destruction, they are: the Hawaa being followed, niggardliness being obeyed, and conceitedness.” [64]

27. The opposing of Al-Hawaa inherits strength in the heart, tongue and body of [Allaah’s] ‘Abd. Some of As-Salaf (righteous predecessors) said: “The one who overcomes his Hawaa is like him who conquers a city by himself.” And in the authentic hadeeth attributed to the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) :

“The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself-while in anger.” [65]

Whenever he trains himself on opposing his Hawaa, he would gain additional strength to his own.

28. The most enriched in Al-Muroo’ah of the people is him who has the strongest opposition to his Hawaa. Mu’aawiyah [66] said:

Al-Muroo’ah is the abandonment of desires and passions, and the disobedience of Al-Hawaa. The following of Al-Hawaa weakens the Al-Muroo’ah, and its opposition strengthen it.”

29. There isn’t a day that passes except that Al-Hawaa and the mind fight within its follower. Whoever of them overpowers its master, it will expel the other and take full control; and the decision will be its. Abu Ad-Dardaa’ [67] said:

“When a man wakes up, both his Hawaa and deeds meet; if his deeds are in accordance with his Hawaa, then his day is an evil one; and if his Hawaa is pursuant to his deeds, then his day is a good one.”

30. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) has made the wrong and the following of Al-Hawaa .associates of each other, and has made the right and the opposition of Al-Hawaa as associates. As some of As-Salaf said:

“If two affairs were dubious to you and you don’t know which one is right, then oppose the one close to your Hawaa for it is more likely that error is committed when Al-Hawaa is being pursued.”

31. Al-Hawaa is a disease and its remedy is in opposing it. Some learned men said:

“If you wish, I will inform you of your illness, and if you wish I will tell you of your remedy: Your disease is your Hawaa, and your treatment is to abandon and oppose it.” Bishr Al-Haafee, [68]  “All kinds of affliction are manifested in your Hawaa, and the complete healing is in your opposition of it.”

32. The Jihaad against Al-Hawaa, if it is not more important than the Jihaad against the Kuffaar, certainly it is not less in importance. A man told Al-Hasan Al Basree “O Abaa Sa’eed! What kind of Jihaad is the best? He said: “It is the Jihaad of your Hawaa” I heard my Shaykh [69] saying: “The Jihaad against one’s self and against Al-Hawaa constitutes the basis for the Jihaad against the Kuffaar and the Munaafiqeen (hypocrites), because one is unable to make Jihaad against them until he makes Jihaad against himself and his Hawaa first, so that he can go out to [confront] them.”

33. Al-Hawaa is Takhleel (disorder and confusion of the intellect) and opposing it is Himiyyah [70] It is feared for the one who became excessive in Takhleet and retired himself from Al-Himiyyah, that his disease [mental sickness] may cause him to fall in a state of Sara’.[71] ‘Abdul Malik Ibn Quraib [72] said: “I passed by a bedouin who was suffering from an intensive inflammation in his eyes and his tears were shedding on his cheeks. I said: “Why don’t you wipe off your eyes?”

He said: “The doctor prevented me from doing this, and there is no good in him who if urged to refrain [from doing something wrong] does not abstain, and if he is being commanded [to do something good] does not comply.” I said then: “Would you like something?” He said: “Yes! But I am in a state of Hitniyyah; the lusts of the people of [Hell] Fire overcame their Himiyyah, and thus they were destroyed.”

34. The pursuing of Al-Hawaa renders the doors of success closed for the ‘Abd, and opens for him the doors of failure. So you see him often repeating the [following statement]: “Had Allaah bestowed His success, then it [the affair] would have been as such and such,” while in fact he barred himself from the ways of success by pursuing his Hawaa. Al-Fudayyl Bin ‘lyaad [73] said; “Whoever has been overtaken by his Hawaa and by the following of lusts, the sources of success will be severed from him.”

One of the scholars said: “Al-Kufr [74] originates from four things: anger, lust, hope, and fear.” He then added, “I have seen two of them manifested: a man who got angry and then killed his mother, and another who fell in love and became a Christian…”

35. The one who stands by his Hawaa, his intelligence and mental perception will become corrupt because he acted unfaithfully towards Allaah in his mind and, consequently, Allaah perverted it for him. This is the way He deals with anyone who betrays Him in any affair: He renders it in a bad state for him.

36. The one who broadens for his self the scope of pursuing Al-Hawaa, will put it under restriction in his grave and on the Day of his Return, The one who restrains it by opposing Al-Hawaa, brings ease upon it in his grave and on the Day of his Return. Allaah pointed to this in His saying:

And their recompense shall be Al-Jannah and silken garments, because they were patient. [Qur’aan: Soorat Al-lnsaan, 76:12],

Since patience, which is holding oneself from pursuing Al-Hawaa, includes harshness and restrictions, accordingly Allaah will recompense them with the smoothness of silk and the wideness of Al-Jannah, Abu Sulaimaan Ad Daaraanee [75] commented on the above Aayah:

“Allaah shall recompense them for taking patience against lusts.”

37. The following of Al-Hawaa throws down the ‘Abd preventing him to stand up and walk with those saved on the Day of Resurrection, just like when his heart fell [in a state of Sara’] in this life which kept him from their company. Muhammad Bin Abee Al-Ward said:

“There is one of Allaah’s days when no one who pursues his Hawaa shall be saved of its evil. The slowest in his ability to stand up amongst those thrown down on the Day of the Resurrection is the one whose thrown in a state of Sara’ by his lusts…”

38. The pursuing of Al-Hawaa breaks up and weakens one’s resolution, and opposing [Al-Hawaa] solidifies and strengthens it. Resolution is the thing upon which one rides upon in his journey to Allaah and the Last Day. If that which is ridden became inactive, the traveler would almost be disabled to proceed in his journey.

Yahyaa Bin Mu’aath [77] was asked: “Who is most sound in resolution of men?” He answered: “The one who overcomes his Hawaa”

39. The parable of the one who follows his own whim is like that who rides on a tough, strong-tempered, Jamooh [78] horse without a bridle, about to be thrown down by his horse during its run or it would lead him to his death. A learned man said: “The most rapid means to ride onto Al-Jannnah is the Zuhd respecting this life, and the most rapid means to get on to An-Naar is the love of lusts. And him who boards his Hawaa, it will hastily take him to the valley of perdition.” Another said: “The most endowed with honor of the scholars is the one who flees with his Deen from this Dunya [79] and who is hard to be led to follow Al-Hawaa.” ‘Ataa’ [80] said: “The one whose Hawaa overtakes his rationale causing him to become affected with grief and agitation because of lacking the strength to be patient, would be put to shame.”

40. The Tawheed and the following of Al-Hawaa are two contrary matters: because Al-Hawaa is an idol, and each ‘Abd has an idol in his heart, the magnitude of which depends upon his Hawaa; Rather, Allaah sent His Messengers to destroy the idols and to call for His worship Alone, having no partners or associates. Nay, Allaah’s intent is not just to demolish the corporeal images and leave the images imbedded in the heart, but rather to destroy those in the heart first.

Al-Hasan Bin ‘AH Al-Muttawwi’ee [81] said:

“The idol of each person is his Hawaa, he who breaks it by the way of opposition deserves the title of honourableness.”

Just contemplate about the saying of AlKhaleel (Ibraaheem to his people [as Allaah said]:

مَا هَٰذِهِ التَّمَاثِيلُ الَّتِي أَنتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ

What Are these images, to which you are devoted? [Qur’aan,Soorat Al-Anbiyaa’, 21:52],

and you will certainly find it identical to those images which the heart likes and devotes itself to and worships it besides Allaah. He, Allaah, said:

أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ أَفَأَنتَ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ وَكِيلًا
أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ ۚ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ ۖ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا

Have you [O Muhammad] seen him who has taken his illaah (god) as his own desire? Would you be then a Wakeel [a protecting guide] over him? Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle. Nay, they are even farther astray from the Path [i.e. even worst than Cattle] [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Furqaan, 25:43-44].

41. Opposing Al-Hawaa is the means to drive away diseases from the heart and from the body, and its following brings forth diseases to the heart and to the body. Heart diseases are all from following of Al-Hawaa. If you search for the causes behind diseases of the body, you will find that most of it are because of preferring Al-Hawaa over what should be abandoned.

42. The origin for the enmity, evil, and envy that occurs between people is from the following of Al-Hawaa. The one who opposes his Hawaa relieves his heart, body, and limbs, putting himself to ease and thus relieves others. Abu Bakr Al-Warraaq [83] said:

“When the Hawaa prevails, the heart turns dark and when it does so, the breast becomes straitened and when that happens, the moral character deteriorates and consequently people will hate him and he will hate them. Then think of the evil, enmity, neglect of rights, etc. that arise from this mutual hatred!”

43. Allaah has created in man an intellect and a Hawaa; whichever of the two becomes manifest, the other will hide, as Abu ‘Ali Ath- Thaqafee said;

“Whoever is overcome by his Hawaa, his intellect will be hidden from him. So, look at the end of him whose intellect is masked from him and became overpowered by something else.”

‘Ali Bin Sahl [84] said:

“The intellect and Al-Hawaa are in conflict. Success is the associate of the intellect and defeat is the associate of Al-Hawaa. The self stands between both; whichever of the two prevails, the self will side with it.”

44. Allaah has made the heart the king of the limbs and the place of the origination of knowledge, love, and ‘Uboodiyyah of Him. He tested him with two kinds of authority, two armies, two aids, and two sets of preparations. The truth, Zuhd, and guidance is one authority. Its aids are the angels, and its army is truthfulness and sincerity, and its preparation is in avoiding Al-Hawaa. The other authority is falsehood. Its aids are the Shayaateen and its troops and the preparation is the following of Al-Hawaa. The self stands between the two armies. The army of falsehood will have access to the heart only from its direction and frontier breaches, for it pervades the heart and aligns itself with its enemy against it (the heart) and thus the calamity will overtake it. It is the self, therefore, that offers its enemy from its own preparations, and opens for him the gate of the city and thus he enters and takes full control, and the heart takes the defeat.

45. The worst of enemies to man is his Shaytaan and his Hawaa, and the best friend he has is his intellect and his associate angel who gives him advice. If he follows his Hawaa, he gives his hand in surrender to his enemy, submitting himself as a captive to him, making him [the enemy] rejoice at his affliction, and causing displeasure to his friends and supporters. These are precisely the difficult moments of a calamity, wretchedness, the manifested divine decree of an evil ending, and the malicious joy of enemies. [86]

46. Each ‘Abd has a beginning and an end. He whose start is the following of AlHawaa, shall end up in a state of disgrace, humiliation, bereavement, and trials. What is being followed commensurate with the [‘Abd’s] degree of dependency upon his Hawaa. Rather, at the end, the followed turns to a suffering that agonizes him in his heart as one poet put it:

“Desires that were, at the age of youthfulness, sweet to those who wished
then, became a suffering at Al-Masheeb (an old age)” [87]

If you contemplate about the case of everyone who is in a bad and miserable state, you would find that it began with him embracing his Hawaa and giving it preference over his intellect. Anyone who begins by opposing his Hawaa and obeying the call of his Rushd,[88] his end will be that of honor, might, richness, and high rank before Allaah and before the people. Abu ‘Ali Ad-Daqqaaq89 said: “The one who controls his lust in his youthfulness, Allaah will honor him when he is in his age of maturity.” AlMuhallab Bin Abee Sufrah90 was asked: “How did you attain this status of yours? He said: “Through firm obedience and rebellion against Al-Hawaa.”

So these are the situations regarding the stand against Al-Hawaa in the beginning and in the end of one’s life in this world. With respect to the Hereafter, however, Allaah has made Al-Jannah the end for him who opposed his Hawaa and An-Naar the end for the one who followed his Hawaa [91]

47. Al-Hawaa is slavery to the heart, an iron chain round the neck, and a fetter to the leg. Its follower is a captive to everyone with a bad character. Thus whoever opposes it, liberates himself from slavery and becomes free, and takes off the chain round his neck and becomes in a state similar to that of a man belonging entirely to one master after belonging to many partners disputing one another.[92]

48. Opposing Al-Hawaa puts the ‘Abd in the rank of the one whose oath Allaah fulfills. The goals that He will accomplish for him will be many-fold that which he was unable to attain as a result of neglecting his Hawaa. He is like the one who relinquished a Ba’arah and was given a pearl as a compensation for it.

Whatever he is able to gain from the way of following Al-Hawaa is incomparable with what he looses from present and future benefits and from good living. So try to comprehend the stretching forth of the hand of Yoosuf, theSiddeeq95 in expenditure, the unconstriction with his tongue, the establishment of his feet [in power], and the rejoice that touched him after he came out of the jail because he restrained himself from the Haraam [unlawful].

49. Opposing Al-Hawaa entitles the honor in this world and in the Hereafter and self-esteem, outwardly and inwardly. Following it, however, lowers the rank of the ‘Abd in this life and in the Hereafter and humiliates him, outwardly and inwardly. When Allaah gathers mankind on one plane [on the Day of Resurrection], an announcer will call, “This day the people of generosity will be distinguished from those who amassed wealth. Now let the pious stand.” [97] They will stand and walk toward the place of honor while the followers of Al-Hawaa bending their heads down before Allaah] in the Mawqif [98] amidst the “heat of AI-Hawaa” its sweat and its suffering. The others [the pious] will be in the shade of the ‘Arsh. [99]

50. If you contemplate about the seven whom Allaah will shade in the shade of His ‘Arsh wherein there is no shade but His,[100] you will find that they deserved that shade because of their opposition to Al-Hawaa. Indeed the Imaam having authority and power will not be able to establish justice except by opposing his Hawaa. And with respect to the youth who prefers the sincere worship of Allaah over the urge of his youthfulness, had it not been for the opposition of his Hawaa, he would not be able to accomplish this state of worship. As to the person whose heart is attached to the mosques, the thing that drove him to this condition is the opposition of Al-Hawaa which invites him to the places of lusts. Concerning the person who gives charitable gifts secretly so that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, had it not been for his subduing of his Hawaa, he would have not been able to attain this state.

And the person who was invited by a charming woman of noble birth [to have illegal sexual intercourse with her], feared Allaah and opposed his Hawaa. As to the one who remembers Allaah in seclusion and his eyes becomes flooded with tears for fearing Him, the thing that made him reach this state is the opposing of his Hawaa. Consequently, they were saved from being affected by the intense heat of the Al-Mawqif on the Day of Resurrection and the sweating therein. The people [adhering to] Al-Hawaa will experience the utmost degree of intense heat and sweating while they are still waiting to enter the “Prison of Al-Hawaa” Allaah is the One to be petitioned to grant us protection from the Ahwaa’ (Sing. Hawaa) of ourselves which are inclined to evil, and that He makes our Hawaa in accordance with what He loves and is acceptable to Him. He has power over all things, and He is most worthy of answering our petition.


[34] Ash-Sha’bee, ‘Aamir Bin Sharaaheel, Abu ‘Amr Al-Hamadaanee (21 (or 28)-105/642(650)- 724), the Imaam, trustworthy, and renowned Faqeeh (jurist). He met Ali Ibn Abee Taalib & and prayed behind him. He reported Ahaadeeth from Sa’d Ali Abee Waqaas, Abu Hurairah, Abee Sa’eed, ‘Aa’ishah, Ibn ‘Umar and others from the Sahaabah (radi Allaahu anhum)

[35] Muroo’ah: Moral goodness, comprising all virtues, especially manliness, valor, generosity, sense of honor, etc.

[36] The winner in the struggle between the call for prohibition by Muroo’ah, religion, or rationalism and the self’s inclination

[37] Imaam Ash-Shaafl’ee: (150/767-204/820): Muhammad Ibn Idrees Ash-Shaaf’ee, was born in Ghazza, Palestine, and traveled to Al-Madeenah in his youth to study under Imaam Maalik. He also studied in ‘Iraaq under Imaam Muhammad Ibn al-Hassan, the famous student of Imaam Abu Haneefah. Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee holds the distinction of being the first Imaam to systematize the principles of Islaamic Law or Fiqh (Jurisprudence).

[38] Al-Jimaa‘: Legal sexual intercourse between a man and his wife.

[39] Islaam prohibits all forms of intoxication. The evil associated with alcoholic drinks is much greater than the little enjoyment that may be felt by few drinks. In fact the few drinks demand more of it until the person feels high. Then the demand grows to reach a state higher than with his first one. Addiction slowly creeps to destroy the drinker’s life and in many cases his family. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

They ask you [O Muhammad صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم] concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin, and [some] benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.” [Qur’aan,SooratAl-Baqarah, 2:219].

[40] Rayn: Much dirtiness from rust, or simply, dirt, filth, etc.

[41] ‘Iffah: Abstinence from what is unlawful and base, virtuousness and decency.

[42] Eating, drinking, etc

[43] By reason of abasement

[44] And then regrets it.

[45] ‘Abdullaah Bin Mas’oud, the honorable companion who accepted Islaam early when Faatimah (the daughter of ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab radiAllaahu anhu) and her husband became Muslims. He was the first to openly recite the Qur’aan in Makkah. The Mushrikeen harmed him for his recitation. He prayed to the first Qiblah (Al-Quds, Jerusalem) and to the second and last Qiblah (Makkah). He migrated twice, once to Abyssinia (the first migration) and the second to Al-Madeenah. He attended the battle of Badr, Uhud and all the other confrontations with the Mushrikeen. The Khaleefah ‘Umar Ibn AI-Khattaab assigned him to teach Islaam to the people of Al-Khoofah in ‘Iraaq. Later ‘Uthmaan (radiAllaahu anhu) called him to Al-Madeenah where he died in the year 32/654. He was known for his great knowledge in Qur’aan and its Tafseer. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) attested to ‘Abdullaah’s knowledge.

[46] That is when he is inclined by his desire and lust to indulge in an unlawful act with her, let him remember something that may turn off his desire, like manatinaha: all forms of her menses and the odor associated with that. [I asked Shaykh Muhammad Bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen about this explanation of Ibn Mas’oud’s saying and, alhamdulilaah, he affirmed it.]

[47] Especially at times of unawareness. ‘Abdullaah Bin Mas’oud said: “You are at a time when the truth leads Al-Hawaa and there shall come a time when Al-Hawaa will lead the truth. So, we seek refuge in Allaah from that time to come.” [See Al-Jaami’ li Ahkaam Al-Qur ‘aan by Al-Qurtubee (Beirut, Lebanon: Daarul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, 1413/1993), V. 19, p. 135.]

[48] Deviation from the right path.

[49] Ahlul-Ahwaa’ (The People of Corrupt Desires): The people who follow concepts of belief and methodologies of understanding and practices deviating from the right path, or from the truth, thus following their [corrupt] desires. [Some of their qualities are presented in the Appendix],

[50] Zuhd: To lead a pious life devoted to Allaah taking the least that is sufficient of the lawful things of life. It does not mean to abandon lawful means of earning, property, children, etc., nor exaggerating in performing acts of worship. [See a discussion on this subject in the Appendix],

[51] Ar-Riyaa’: Showing off, and not doing an action solely for the sake of Allaah.

[52] Mystic Sufism adopted ways of Zuhd that stand in direct opposition to the guidance of the Prophet’s Sunnah. [See the Appendix under Zuhd]

[53] Al-Qismah: Generally it refers to the division of property, shares, booties, profits, etc. In the Qur’aan it refers to the division of the deceased’s property in accordance with the laws of inheritance.

[54] Wilaayah: Appointing a person in charge of an office or an authority over a thing (town, district, country, province or the like).

[55] ‘Azl: Removal of someone from his office or exercise of authority.

[56] Khaleel, i.e. Allaah’s Khaleel: The one whom Allaah has distinguished by love and honor. Ibraaheem Al-Khaleel is Prophet Ibraaheem whom, like Prophet Muhammad (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) Allaah has distinguished by love and honor.

[57] The other place is in Soorat Al-Jaathiyah 45, Aayah 23.

[58] Al-Hasan Al-Basree is Al-Hasan Bin Abee Al-Hasan and his name is Abee Al-Hasan Yisaar Al-Basree Al-Ansaaree, born in Al-Madeenah (21/642). A learned Faqeeh, devout, and respected scholar. He died in Basra in 110/728.

[59] Hithaar: Anything forming a barrier, an obstruction, a partition, or a fence.

[60] An agreed upon hadeeth. [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #494.]

[61] Reported by At-Tirmithee who said that it is “hasan-saheeh”.- It is also reported by An-Nasaa’ee and Abu Daawood. Shaykh Al-Albaanee concluded that it is authentic in Saheeh Al-Jaami’ #5210 and in Mishkaatul Masaabeeh #5696. The terminology “hasan-saheeh ” used by At-Tirmithee refers to one of two situations regarding the hadeeth:

1-That it is reported through one way of narration and there is a disagreement regarding the status of one narrator in the chain: Some consider him sound while others consider him “hasan,”

2-It is reported via two chains of narration, one “Hasan” and the other “saheeh”. (See Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar’s An-Nukal ‘Alaa Nuzhatin-Nalhar fee Tawdeeh Nukhbatul-Fikar (Dammaam, KSA: Daar Ibnul-Jawzee, 1414/1994)], pp. 93-94.

The “hasan” (fine) is itself authentic but does not reach the level of authenticity of the “saheeh”.

[62] Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee, may Allaah protect him, said: The Isnaad (chain of narration) of this hadeeth is weak because of the status of weakness of Nu’aim Bin Hammaad (a narrator). See Shaykh Al-Albaanee’s comments on Al-Tabreezee’s Mishkaatul Masaabeeh [Beirut, Lebanon: AI-Maktab Al-Islaamee, 1405/1985], V. l,p. 59. Al-Haafith Ibn Rajab observed another cause of weakness of this hadeeth in his commentary on An-Nawawee’s authentication of the same hadeeth. [See Ibn Rajab’s Jaami’ Al-‘Uloom wal Hikam (Beirut, Lebanon; Muassasatur-Risaalah, checked by Shu’ayeb Al-Ama’out and Ibraaheem Baajis, 1412/1991], V. 2, p. 394.

[63] Reported by Imaam Ahmad, and Al-Haithamee said: “It was reported by Ahmad, Al-Bazzaar, and At-Tabaraanee in his  Ma’aajim: As-Sagheer, Al-Awsat. and Al-Kabeer, and its narrators are ‘men of Saheeh1 [i.e. generally classified in the category of sound, reliable, or even less. This does not necessarily mean that the rest of conditions required to authenticate the Isnaad (chain of narration), not to mention the hadeeth itself, are usually met.] [See Shaykh Al-Albaanee’s introduction to Saheeh At-Targheeb war Tarheeb by AlMunthiree, pp. 43-50.]

[64] Al-Muhaddith Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee said that the hadeeth is hasan. See As~Silsi!ah As-Saheehah, #1802, and Saheeh Al-Jaami’, #3045.

[65] An agreed upon hadeeth, [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #135.]

[66] Mu’aawiyah is the Sahaabee Sakhr Bin Harb Bin Umayyah Bin ‘Abd Shams Bin ‘Abd Manaaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilaab, Abu’Abdur Rahmaan. The Ameer of Al-Mu’mineen, and the King of Islaam. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“O Allaah! Bestow upon him the knowledge of the Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) and save him from torment.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad in Fadaa ‘il As-Sahaabah, V. 2, p. 913.]

The checker said its Isnaad is hasan because of other narrations]. He also invoked Allaah saying:

“O Allaah! Make of him (i.e. Mu’aawiyah) a guide (to the truth), cause him to be rightly directed, and cause others to be rightly directed by him.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad, V. 5 #17438, and by At-Tirmithee. Al-A!baanee said it is saheeh (see Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee, #3018).] He was one of the Sahaabah who recorded the Revelation.

Contrary to many false reports, Mu’aawiyah did not seek to take over the Khilaafah from ‘Ali Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah, Imaam Ath-Thahabee, AtTabaree, and many other scholars from the Salaf asserted that Mu’aawiyah used to acknowledge that ‘Ali is better than him and that he [Mu’aawiyah] does not deserve the Khilaafah. His position, however, was that he wanted ‘Ali to punish the assassins of ‘Uthmaan^ before he would give his loyalty to him. He thought that he was on the truth regarding this matter. ‘Ali on the other hand, conditioned that Mu’aawiyah must give the pledge of loyalty to him because he was the Khaalefah and that he thought it is wise to wait until he consolidates his power and then seek ‘Uthmaan’s assassins. ‘Ali had nothing to do with the killing of ‘Uthmaan Based upon many authentic narrations and prophecies from the Prophet Ahlus-Sunnah consider to be on the side of the truth.

The fitnah was ignited by a group of dissidents known as As-Saba’iyyah whose leader, ‘Abdullah Bin Saba’, was a Jew who considered ‘Ali to be Allaah incarnate! Most of the Sahaabah kept themselves away from the fitnah and only a few, not exceeding thirty, shared in the fighting between the army of ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyah.

The Islamic rule at the time of Mu’aawiyah’s Kingdom was very strong whereby the Muslims ruled a vast area extending from Khurasaan in the East to the West African coast, and from Cyprus in the Mediterranean to the Yemen in the South. [See Tahqeeq Mawaaqif AsSahaabah Fee Al-Fitnah; Establishing the (True) Position of the Sahaabah During the Fitnah (i.e. Between ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyahby Dr. Muhammad Amakhzoon, V. 2, pp. 93-130, published by Daar Tayebah and Maktabat Al-Khawthar, Riyaadh, KSA, 1415/1994.]

The reason why that I have highlighted some of these important facts is that most of what had been written about this fitnah is either a) fully historical and not authenticated, b) compiled by orientalists, or c) promoting baseless accounts by the Raafidhah (the rejectionists of the Shee ‘ah). The fully documented and authenticated reports from the Muhadditheen regarding the fitnah gave us the true positions of the Sahaabah regarding this matter. An excellent source is Al- ‘Awaasim Minal Qawaasim by Abu Bakr Bin ‘Al-Arabi AI-Maalikee (not the infamous mystic Sufi Ibn ‘Arabi) with commentary by Muhib-ed-Deen AI-Khateeb, 5th edition, Maktabat AsSunnah, Cairo, 1408. See also Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #257. And Allaah knows best.

[67] Abu Ad-Dardaa’ is ‘Uwaymir Bin Zayed (or Bin ‘Aamir, or Bin ‘Abdullaah) Bin Qays, the Judge of Damascus, and one of the Sahaabah; the master of Qur’aanic recitation in Damascus before and during the Khilaafah of Uthmaan . He is known as the Hakeem (the wise man) of this Ummah. He was from the few amongst the Sahaabah who collected the Noble Qur’aan. He reported one hundred and ninety seven Ahaadeeth. It is reported that he died in the year 32 of Hijrah/652. [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #172.]

[68] Bishr Al-Haafee is Bishr Bin Al-Haarith Bin ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Ataa’ Bin Hilaal AI-Marwazee, the renowned, righteous, and trustworthy. A resident of Baghdaad. He died in 227/840 at an age of seventy six. [See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb by Al-Haqfith Ibn Hajar, p. 168, checked by Abul Ashbaal Sagheer Ahmad Shaaghif AlPakistani, Daar AI-‘Aasimah, Riyaadh, KSA, I416.]

[69] Referring to Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah.

[70] Himiyyah: Guarding, prelecting, and absenting from what is harmful. In case of sickness it means, abstaining from things [including food] that are injurious.

[71] Sara‘: A well known state arising, in some cases, from mental disorder whereby the person falls to the ground in a state that resembles madness.

[72] ‘Abdul Maalik Bin Quraib Bin ‘Abdul Maalik Bin ‘Ali Bin Asmaa’, Abu Sa’eed Al-Baahilee, Al-Asma’ee, Al-Basree. A truthful Sim-nee; died in the 16th year of Hijrah and others said differently. He lived close to ninety years of age. [See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, p. 626.]

[73] AI-Fudayyl Bin ‘lyaad Bin Mas’oud At-Tameemee, Abu ‘All, the renowned, trustworthy, and an Imaam who devoted himself to the worship of Allaah. Originally from Khurasaan (a province in NE Iran). He became a resident of Makkaah and died in 187/803, or earlier. [See Taqreeb At-Tahlheeb, p. 786.]

[74] Al-Kufr here includes disbelief and Kufr which means ingratitude, being ungrateful for Allaah’s Ni ‘mah (Favour or Blessing).

[75] Abu Sulaimaan Ad-Daaraanee is ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin Ahmad (or it is said ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Atiyyah) born around 140/758. A great Imaam and the great Zaahid (see below) of his times. He related the hadeeth from Suiyaan Ath-Thawree and others. As safa (see below) who died in the year 215/831 or 205/821. [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa’by Imaam Ath-Thahabee, V. 1, #1592.]

[76] Muhammad Bin Abee Al-Ward, is Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin’Eesa Bin ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Abdus Samad Abul Hasan, known as Ibn Abee Al-Ward. He died in 263/847. See Ibnul Jawzee’s Safwat As-Sajwah [Cairo, Egypt: Daar As-Safa(lst edition) 1411/1990], V. 1, #281, p. 570.

[77] Yahya Bin Mu’aath Ar-Raazi, the Zaahid, the wise and the admonisher of his times. He died in Naisapoor in the year 258/872.

[See Tahiheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #2247 and Ath-Thahabbe’s Al-‘Ibar Fee Khabar Man Ghabar, V.I, p. 371, published by DaarAl-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.]


He is considered a Sufi in the context of the early practice of sufism in which some of its followers were mostly interested in leading a pious life of Zuhd (an abstemious way of life), patience, clemency, sincerity, truthfulness, etc.. Overall they were close to the teachings of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, although some of them exaggerated and (or) introduced innovated forms of worship and concepts. [See Majmoo’ Fataawaa Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah, 10:366-367, and Ibnul Jawzee in Talbees Iblees, p. 156.]

Historically the process started in Basra, ‘Iraaq by the time when the majority of Taabi’ee (the followers of) At-Taabi’een passed away (Ibid, 10:358). Many of them used to wear woollen (suf) clothing a sign of disassociation from the wordly life. The first to establish a “house for the sufiyyah” was a man by the name of ‘Abdul Waahid Bin Zayed (Ibid, 10:359). In their works there is a blend of truth and falsehood. The majority of the scholars, including Imaam Shaafi’ee, Ahmad, Maalik, and others from Ahl-ul-Hadeeth, criticized their ways especially their so-called Samoa‘ [singing aimed to stimulating a state of Wajd (ecstasy)] and excessive worship. Whatever opposes the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the way of the Salafis to be rejected and whatever is in agreement is accepted because it is not innovated. The acceptance is not an approval of the terminology or the essence of Sufism in any of its stages. It remains to be remembered that it is not true that every pious and Zaahid Muslim is necessarily a Sufi. The Zuhaad (Sing. Zaahid) of the later times were more influenced by scholastic theology (Ilm Al-Kalaam) which began to creep into the Ummah following the translations of many of the philosophical concepts of the Hindus, Greeks, Romans, and Persians (Ibid, 10:367). Consequently, they deviated from the way of the Sahaabah and their followers from At-Taabi’een (Ibid, 10:358;366-367). It is known that Zuhd practices developed into organized forms of hunger, poverty, self-strive, seclusion, sleeplessness, wandering, handclapping, dancing, going to the markets in strange ways, abandoning the interest in hadeeth knowledge, and other extremes. Sufism further developed into a school of mysticism and corrupt creed and methodology. [See Talbees Iblees, pp. 156-165, published by Maktabat-ul Qur’aan, Cairo, Egypt.]

[78] Jamooh: A horse is called Jamooh when it overcomes its rider and runs away so as to be ungovernable by him.

[79] The life of this world with its temptations and means of seduction.

[80] ‘Ataa’ Bin Yasaar Al-Hilaalee, Abu Muhammad Al-Mudanee. A trustworthy and honourable Taab ‘iee known for his worship and admonitions. He died in the year 94/713 (or after). See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, p. 679, #4638.

[8l] AI-Hasan Bin ‘Ali Al-Muttawwi’ee: Within my resources, I didn’t find a biographical history for him.

[82] Abu Bakr Muhammad Bin ‘Umar Bin’Ali Bin Khalaf Bin Zanboor, known as AI-Hakeem (The wise man). Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee said: “He was weak (in terms of Hadeeth transmission)”. He died in Baghdaad in 396/1006. [See Ibnul Jawzee’s Safawt AsSafwah, V.2, pp.351-352, #707. See also Al-‘/barbyAth-Thahabee, V.2, p. 189.]

[83] Abu ‘Ali Ath-Thaqafee is Muhammad Bin ‘Abd Al-Wahaab An-Naisapoori. He was an Imaam in most of the Islaamic disciplines, Muhaddith, Faqeeh, and an admonisher. According to Ash-Sha’raanee, he abandoned most of his knowledge and engaged in the “Sufi knowledge”! (Tabaqaat-M(Ftn.l6Q), 1:107). He died in 328/940. [See Al- ‘Ibar, V. 2, p. 3, and Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 2, #2996.]

[84] ‘Ali Bin Sahl Bin Al-‘Abbaas, the Imaam, Mufassir (scholar of Tafseer), the Zaahid, known for his devotion in worship. He died in 491/1098. [See Al-Muntakhab min Kitaab As-Siyaaq litaareekh Naisapoor, by Al-Haafith Taqyee-ed Deen As-Sayyzafeenee, p. 431, #1337. Published by Al-Maktabah At-Tijaariyyah, Makkah.]

“The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“There is none amongst you with whom is not an companion from amongst the jinn [devils]. They [the Sahaabah] said: “Allaah’s Messenger, with you too?” Thereupon he said: “Yes, but Allaah helps me against him and as such he surrendered [to Allaah in Islaam] and commands me not except for good. “

[Reported by Muslim. See Saheeh Muslim, V. 4, Hadeeth #6757.] In another narration by Muslim and Ahmad, the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)  said:

“There is none amongst you with whom there is not an companion from amongst the jinn [devils] and an attache from amongst the angels.”

This companion from the angels may be different from those assigned by Allaah to write the record of deeds of the children of Adam. [See Al-Ashqar’s book ‘Aalam Al-Malaa’ikah AlAbraar (Kuwait, State of Kuwait: Maktabat Al-Falaah and Daar An-Nafaa’is, 1411/1991), p. 44.]

[86] These are the moments of difficulty which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) used to seek refuge with Allaah from: Abu Huraira narrated that:

“he Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) used to seek refuge with Allaah from the difficult moments of calamity and from being overtaken by Ash-Shaqaa’ (wretchedness in the Hereafter or destruction etc.) and from being destined to an evil end, and from the malicious joy of enemies.”

Sufyaan (Bin ‘Uyainah) said: “This narration contained three items only, but I added one. I do not know which one that was.”[Reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, and An-Nasaa’ee. See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #358.]

[87] Al-Masheeb: The period of whiteness of the hair, or hoariness.

[88] Rushd: Maturity of intellect enabling the person lo follow a right course of action and providing a good management of affairs.

[89] Abu ‘Ali Ad-Daqqaaq is Al-Hasan Bin ‘Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Ishaaq Bin ‘Abdur Raheem Bin Ahmad, a Zaahid Sufi who excelled in fiqh, Islaamic Fundamentals, and Arabic language. According to some reports, he died around 406/1016. See Al-‘Ibar, V. 2, p. 212, and ShatharaatAth-Thahab,V.3,p. 180. Daar Ihyaa’ At-Turaath Al-‘Arabi.

[90] Al-Muhallab Bin Abee Sufrah is Thaalim Ibn Saariq Al-‘Aatakee Al-Azdee, Abu Sa’eed AI-Basree, One of the trustworthy leaders and heroes who was knowledgeable about war plans and strategies. He reported Hadeeth transmissions from ‘Abdullaah Bin ‘Amr Bin Al-‘Aas, Samrah Bin Jundhub, Ibn ‘Umar, Al-Baraa’ Bin ‘Aazib, and others from the Sahaabah [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa‘, V. 1, #532, and Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, #6986.]

[91] Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

فَأَمَّا مَن طَغَىٰ
وَآثَرَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا
فَإِنَّ الْجَحِيمَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

Then, for him who Taghaa [transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds of disobedience to Allaah], and preferred the life of this world [by following his evil desires and lusts], verily, his abode will be Hell-Fire. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Naazi’aal, 79:37-39).

He also said:

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ
فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Rabb [Allaah], and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lusts, verily, Al-Jannah will be his abode. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Naazi ‘aat, 79:40-41].

[92] Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Allaah puts forth a similitude: A [slave] man belonging to many partners [like those who worship others along with Allaah] disputing with one another, and a [slave] man belonging entirely to one master [like those who worship Allaah Alone], Are those two equal in comparison? All the praises and thanks are due to Allaah! But most of them know not. [Qur’aan, Soorat Az-Zumar (39:29)].

[93] Ba’rah(Pl. Ba’r) A piece of animal dung. This signifies what is low.

[94] Signifying what is precious.

[95] The man of truth.

[96] In his eloquent and clear speech with the people.

[97] “This is from the Ghaybiyaat ( matters of Al-Ghayb) and it is not confirmed by an authentic evidence.”

[98] The standing before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection awaiting His Judgment.

[99] Know, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon you, that the shade sometimes is mentioned in relation to Allaah and sometimes in relation to His ‘Arsh. Many authentic narrations reported by Imaam Ahmad, Ad-Daarimee, Al-Baghawee, At-Tirmithee, Al-Haakira, At-Tabaraanee and others state that the shade is that of the ‘Arsh. As Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar explained, these narrations when related to the context of the agreed upon hadeeth: “Allaah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there would be no shade but His…” preponderates that the shade is that of the ‘Arsh.

Shaykh Muhammad Al-‘Uthaymeen commented that the Prophet’s statement: “On the Day when there would be no shade but His…” means that there would be no shade except that which He creates and that the belief that the shade is that of Allaah’s Essence is false, because this would imply that the sun is above Allaah the Most Majestic and Most High.

[See Fathul Baaree V. 2, p. 144, and Sifaatullaah Al-Waaridah Fil Kitaabi-wasSunnah, by ‘Alawee Bin ‘Abdul QaadirAs-Saqqaaf pp. 171-174, and Sharhul ‘Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen, V. 2, p. 136.]

[100] The seven were mentioned in the hadeeth in which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Allaah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. [These seven persons are]:

  • (1) a just ruler,
  • (2) a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allaah [i.e. worships Allaah sincerely from his childhood},
  • (3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosques [i.e. he offers the five compulsory Salaat (prayers) in the mosques],
  • (4) two persons who love each other only for Allaah’s sake and they meet and part in Allaah’s Cause only.
  • (5) a man who refuses the call of a charming women of noble birth for illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allaah.
  • (6) a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given [i. e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity}, and
  • (7) a person who remembers Allaah in seclusion and his eyes become flooded with tears, “

[Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. The text is that of Al-Bukhaaree: Saheeh AI-Bukhaaree, V. 1, Hadeeth #629.]

SourceThe Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desire) – Imaam Ibn al Qayyim | Dr Saleh as Saleh

Stoning (the adulterer or adulteress) is True – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 28 : Point 33
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And stoning is true.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, has forbidden some things relating to matters affecting peoples’ honour or relating to dealings and other than that.; and these forbidden matters are divided into categories.

– Forbidden things which are major sins
– Forbidden matters which are lesser sins

And then with regard to the punishment upon the one who commits them, they are divided into three categories.

The first category: forbidden things for which Allaah has laid down prescribed punishments. They are called al-hudood prescribed punishments from the word al-hadd (limit); it means prevention. They are called that because they prevent from falling into these sins.

The second category: forbidden things which Allaah has not laid down prescribed punishments for, however there is ta`zeer (discretionary) punishments for them; and it is left to the discretion of the ruler in accordance with whatever he sees will be a deterrent from them. And this is called ta`zeer and it is a correctional punishment.

The third category: that which does not have a laid down prescribed punishment nor does it have a discretionary punishment from those forbidden things. However, there does occur with regard to it a threat and a mention of anger and curse and Fire and other than that from the types of threat; such as consuming usury and gambling and other than that. With regard to this there is a severe threat which will deter whoever has eemaan (true faith) in his heart. And whoever does not have eemaan in his heart or he is weak in faith, then in front of him there will be a reckoning and a punishment in the Hereafter. So Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, has made forbidden these forbidden matters.

The Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

Allaah made obligatory duties obligatory, so do not neglect them. And He made some things forbidden, so do not commit them. And He remained silent about some things as a mercy upon you, not out of forgetfulness, so do not ask about them. [01]

And from these prescribed punishments is the prescribed punishment for fornication. And fornication is to commit illicit sexual intercourse in the private part of one not lawful for him, except through correct legislated marriage contract.

He, the Most High, said:

And those who guard their private parts, except upon their wives or the slaves whom their right hands possess. For they are not blameworthy. And whoever seeks something beyond that, then they are the transgressors. (Sooratul- Ma`aarij (70), aayah 29 – 31)

Meaning those who go beyond what is lawful and enter into that which is forbidden. So whoever enters into fornication, then he will be one of two categories. Either if he is a virgin, meaning he has not had relations with a woman in a lawful marriage which kept him chaste, he is a virgin, then his punishment will be that he will be lashed one hundred times.

He, the Most High said:

And the female fornicator and the male fornicator, lash each one of them with a hundred lashes. And let not pity deter you from obedience to Allaah, if you truly believe in Allaah and in the Last Day. And let a group of the believers witness their punishment. (Sooratun-Noor (24), aayah 2)

And there occurs in the authentic Sunnah that he should be exiled, meaning banished from his land where he committed the illicit sexual relations and sent to another land for a the period of one year. He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said: For a virgin committing it with a virgin, then the punishment is one hundred lashes and exile for one year. [02]

So exile is confirmed in the Sunnah. As for lashing then it is established in the Qur’aan. And the scholars are agreed in consensus upon lashing, and the majority of them also agree upon exile. This is with regard to the punishment for the virgin.

As for the previously married person, and he is the one who has had relations already with the wife in a correct marriage, and he recognizes the value of peoples honour and the sanctity of peoples honour. And this person, he is stoned with stones until he dies. And this is established in the Qur’aan whose wording was abrogated, but whose ruling remained.

Just as `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhu said upon the mimbar of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam,

“The aayah of stoning came down and we comprehended it and we preserved it. And Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam stoned. And I fear that if a time becomes prolonged for the people, that they will start to say, ‘We do not find stoning in the Book of Allaah’. Indeed it is in the Book of Allaah. [03]

This was Qur’aan whose wording was abrogated, but whose ruling remained. And Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam stoned and he commanded stoning. And the Muslims are agreed in consensus upon that. And no one disagreed about it, except for the people of innovations, those whose disagreement is not taken account of such as the Khawaarij.

So stoning is established in the Book and in the Sunnah of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam sayings (Sunnah qawliyyah) and his actions (Sunnah `amaliyyah) and by consensus. So whoever denies it is a disbeliever, because he is denying that which Allaah has said and His Messenger and the consensus of the Muslims. So stoning is established. There is no scope for speech about it. And therefore he stated it here and said “Stoning is true”. This is the creed and belief of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah in refutation of the innovators, those who deny stoning without knowledge and without clear insight, because of their ignorance and because of their childishness in regards to knowledge; and they are relying upon their intellects and their own thinking. And those people are not counted. No notice is taken of them and their sayings are not looked at.

So sometimes an ignorant person can come claiming awareness and to have researched and say, “There is disagreement about this.” So it is said to him, “Is it the case that every disagreement is taken account of?! There are matters of disagreement which are totally discarded and not counted. And from them is this disagreement.

And therefore the writer of the lines of poetry said:

Not every disagreement that comes about is taken account of, except that which has of correct examination.

So the matter is not just claims of disagreement. The matter is one of verification of what is correct and tying it to the proof. So whoever goes against the proof, then he is defeated in the argument and there is no weight given to his disagreeing, and he is not counted.

And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:

So if you disagree about anything, then refer it back to Allaah and the Messenger, if you truly believe in Allaah and the last day, that is the better and finer in its outcome.(Sooratun-Nisaa· (4), aayah 59)

So we do not just remain upon there being disagreement, rather we refer back to the proof, because of His saying, He, the Most High:

Then refer it back to Allaah and the Messenger, if you truly believe in Allaah and in the last day, that is the better and finer regarding its outcome. (Sooratun-Nisaa· (4), aayah 59)

So therefore the author rahimahullaah he stated the issue of stoning even though this book is a book of creeds and beliefs, because it is obligatory to believe in the obligation of stoning; and whoever denies it has become a disbeliever. So therefore he stated it as a refutation of the innovators who deny stoning. [04]


[01] This hadeeth occurs as no. 30 in an-Nawawiyy’s Forty Hadeeth. It is reported by at-Tabaraaniyy in alMu`jamul-Kabeer, Ibn Jareer in his Tafseer, ad-Daaraqutniyy in his Sunan, al-Haakim in his Mustadrak, al-Bayhaqiyy in as-Sunanul-Kubraa and others. It was declared hasan good by an-Nawawiyy in RiyaadusSaaliheen.

Translators side point: It occurs as a hadeeth of Aboo Tha`labah al-Khushaniyy radiyAllaahu `anhu and Shaykh al-Albaaniyy rahimahullaah said with regard to this narration in Ghaayatul-Maraam (no. 4), “This narration is actually da`eef (weak). Makhool did not meet Aboo Tha`labah.” However in the same book Shaykh al-Albaaniyy declares hasan (good) the narration which bears some resemblance with this one, which is the hadeeth of Abud-Dardaa· radiyAllaahu `anhu that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“Whatever Allaah made lawful in His book, then it is lawful. And whatever He made forbidden, then it is forbidden. And whatever He remained silent about, then it is pardoned. So accept from Allaah that which He has pardoned for Allaah would not forget anything.”

And he recited:

And your Lord never forgets. (Soorah Maryam (19), aayah 64)

Hadeeth reported by al-Haakim and declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albaaniyy.

[02] Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh (no. 1690) as a hadeeth of `Ubaadah ibnus-Saamit radiyAllaahu `anhu.

Translator’s side point: You also find that same narration from a different Companion reported by alBukhaariyy, also by Aboo Daawood, at-Timithiyy and Ibn Maajah. This wording actually occurring in the text is the wording of Ibn Maajah. Shaykh al-Albaaniyy declared it likewise saheeh.

[03] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy in his Saheeh (no. 6829). Also reported by Muslim in his Saheeh (no. 1691) from a narration of `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[04] Translator’s side point: Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmiyy rahimahullaah said in his explanation that from the established Sunnah of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam is that:

Indeed he stoned Maa`iz [reported by al-Bukhaariyy (no. 6824)] and the woman connected with the employee [al-Bukhaariyy (no. 6828)] and the woman of the Juhaniyy tribe, al-Juhaniyyah [Muslim (no. 1696)]. And he stoned two Jews who had committed fornication [al-Bukhaariyy (no. 6841)].

And the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam passed away and this ruling remained being acted upon. And the khulafaa· stoned after him.”

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 28

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Link:

O Messenger of Allah! Give me permission to commit Zina (unlawful sex)

“Come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is Fahishah (immoral sin) and an evil way.” –  Surah No.17 Al-Isra , Aaayat 32

Allah says, forbidding His servants to commit Zina or to approach it or to do anything that may lead to it:

(And come not near to unlawful sex. Verily, it is a Fahishah (immoral sin)) meaning a major sin,

(and an evil way.) meaning, a terrible way to behave.

Imam Ahmad recorded Abu Umamah saying that a young man came to the Prophet ﷺ and said, “O Messenger of Allah! Give me permission to commit Zina (unlawful sex).” The people surrounded him and rebuked him, saying, “Stop! Stop!” But the Prophet ﷺ said,

(Come close) The young man came to him, and he ﷺ said,

(Sit down) so he sat down. The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Would you like it (unlawful sex) for your mother) He said, “No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.” The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Neither do the people like it for their mothers.) The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Would you like it for your daughter) He said, “No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.” The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Neither do the people like it for their daughters. ) The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Would you like it for your sister) He said, “No, by Allah, may I be ransomed for you.” The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Neither do the people like it for their sisters.) The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Would you like it for your paternal aunt) He said, “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger! may I be ransomed for you.” The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Neither do the people like it for their paternal aunts.) The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Would you like it for your maternal aunt) He said, “No, by Allah, O Allah’s Messenger! may I be ransomed for you.” The Prophet ﷺ said,

(Neither do the people like it for their maternal aunts.) Then the Prophet ﷺ put his hand on him and said,

(O Allah, forgive his sin, purify his heart and guard his chastity.) After that the young man never paid attention to anything of that nature.

Source: Tafseer Ibn Katheer (Surah No.17 Al-Isra , Aaayat 32), Darussalam English Publication

Related Link :

Declaring the People of Qiblah to be Unbelievers because of a Sin – Aqeedah Tahawiyyah | Dawud Burbank

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 33B  : Point [131] 

131. And we do not declare anyone from the people of the Qiblah to be Unbelievers because of a sin – as long as the person does not consider the sin to be lawful.

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Takfeer  & People of Takfeer –

Opening Du’a in Prayer : O Allah , separate me from my sins as You have separated the East from the West – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Excellent Explanation of the Opening Supplication in Salah (Prayer)

[Alternative Mp3 Download Link]

Posted from Audio series: Salah – Described – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Du’a at the start of the prayer :

Narrated Abu Huraira: Allah’s Messenger ﷺ used to keep silent between the Takbir and the recitation of Qur’an and that interval of silence used to be a short one. I said to the Prophetﷺ  “May my parents be sacrificed for you! What do you say in the pause between Takbir and recitation?” The Prophet ﷺ said, “I say,

اللَّهُمَّ بَاعِدْ بَيْنِي وَبَيْنَ خَطَايَايَ كَمَا بَاعَدْتَ بَيْنَ الْمَشْرِقِ وَالْمَغْرِبِ، اللَّهُمَّ نَقِّنِي مِنْ خَطَايَايَ، كَمَا يُنَقَّى الثَّوْبُ الْأَ بْيَضُ مِنَ الدَّنَسِ، اللَّهُمَّ اغْسِلْنِي مِنْ خَطَايَايَ بِالثَّلْجِ وَالْمَاءِ وَالْبَرَدِ

Allaahumma baa’id baynee wa bayna khataayaaya kamaa baa’adta baynal-mashriqi walmaghribi, Allaahumma naqqinee min khataayaaya kamaa yunaqqath-thawbul-‘abyadhu minad-danasi, Allaahum-maghsilnee min khataayaaya, bith-thalji walmaa’i walbarad

O Allah , separate me from my sins as You have separated the East from the West. O Allah, cleanse me of my transgressions as the white garment is cleansed of stains . O Allah , wash away my sins with ice and water and frost.

Al-Bukhari 1/181, Muslim 1/419

Translation Source: From the Book “Fortress of the Muslim” ,
Dr. Sa’eed bin Ali Al-Qahtani, Dar-us-Salam Publication

The Aqeedah of the Salaf: We do not Call a Muslim an Unbeliever Due to his Sins – Abu Muhamamd al Maghribee [Audio|En]

The Explanation of the Creed of the Salaf,  by Imaam Abee Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin Abdir-Rahmaan As-Saaboonee,rahimahullaah, as explained by our noble sheikh al-Allaamah Rabee’ bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee, hafidhahullaah.

Audio Lecture by: Abu Muhammad al Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)

[The below is the Text from the Book]

Chapter 14: We do not Call a Muslim an Unbeliever Due to his Sins

[100] Ahl us-Sunnab believe that if a Believer commits sins, however small or large they may be, he does not become an unbeliever. If he leaves this world without making any repentance from them and he dies upon Tawheed and Ikhlaas, then his affair is entirely up to Allaah, The Most Mighty and The Most Majestic. If He wills, He may forgive him and enter him into Paradise on the Day of judgement, safe and sound without being afflicted by the fire and without being punished for his perpetration of the sins.

He will be brought on the Day of judgement with his sins and misdeeds. If Allaah wills, He will punish him for a period in the Fire. If He punishes him, he will not however remain in the Fire forever, but he will eventually be freed and taken out from it, to the place of tranquility and content.

[101] Our Shaykh, the Imaam Aboo Tayyeb Sahl ibn Muhammad as- Sa’lookee, raheemahullaah, said:

“The sinning believer, even if he is punished by the fire, he will not be thrown in there the same way as the unbeliever is thrown in the fire. He will not remain there the same way as the unbeliever will remain there nor will he be wretched and miserable the same way the unbeliever is wretched and miserable.”

[102] This means that the unbeliever will be dragged to the Fire on his face, he will be thrown in there chained, and then hung upside down, shackled by having his hands tied to his neck with strong and heavy chains. However, the sinning believer, if he is afflicted by the Fire, he will enter it like a criminal enters a prison in this world on his feet, not upside down nor thrown in. The meaning of his statement:

“…he will not, be thrown in there the same way as the unbeliever is thrown in the fire…,” means that the unbeliever will have all his body burned and every time his skin is roasted through it will be replaced with another, so that he may taste the punishment again, as Allaah informs us in His Book:

“Indeed, those who have disbelieved in our signs, we shall burn them in a fire. We shall change their skins for other skins, so that they may taste the punishment again.” [Soorah an-Nisaa 4;56]

As for the believers they will not have their faces scorched by the Fire, and their limbs which they used for sujood will not be burned. For Allaah has forbidden the Fire from burning them. “ [113]

[103] His saying: “…he will not stay in the Fire like the unbeliever would…”, means that the unbeliever will remain in it forever and never come out of it. Allaah will never leave any sinning believer in the Fire forever.

His saying: “…he will not be afflicted like the unbeliever”, means that the unbeliever has no hope of the Mercy of Allah and no opportunity for reprieve from the punishment. As for the believer he will never be cut off from the hope of the Mercy of Allaah.

The final outcome for all the believers is Paradise, as they were created for it and it was created for them, as a Mercy and a Blessing from Allaah.


[113] The prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم said: “Allaah has forbidden the fire to eat up the traces of Sujood”. Related by al-Bukhaaree [806] and Muslim [182]

Listen to the full audio explanation of the Book:

Excellent advice to the one that returns to sins after repenting – By Shaykh ‘Abdullaah al-Bukhaaree



What should a servant do when he is tried with a sin and he repents from it with a repentence where these three affairs (conditions) are fulfilled. But (then) he struggles with his heart regarding that sin, only to find that he fell into it (again).

Shaykh ‘Abdullaah bin ‘Abdirraheem al-Bukhaaree:

May Allaah bless you. I say: a sincere tawbah (repentance) requires an effort. Now, there is no command or prohibition – as Imaam ibn al-Qayyim said – except that Shaytaan (the devil) has two incitements regarding it: either to extremism or to negligence. He (i.e. Shaytaan) doesn’t care by which of these two he becomes victorious [over the servant]! The important thing (to him) is that you leave the Straight Path. Also, from his ways is that he doesn’t want you to be steadfast upon tawbah. He doesn’t want this! Because if you – the one he (Shaytaan) led astray and made fall into sin – are steadfast upon sincere tawbah and you adhere to obedience, he (Shaytaan) loses! Right? And this makes him feel very outraged, because he swore by Allaah:

 (Iblees (Shaytaan)) said: “By Your Might, then I will surely mislead them all, except Your sincere slaves amongst them (faithful, obedient, true believers of Islamic Monotheism).”

[38: 82-83]

May Allaah bless you. Shaytaan beautifies the sin, this is why it has been narrated in the two Saheehs:

“Paradise is surrounded by things which are disliked and Hellfire is surrounded by desires (temptations).”

So this affair requires one to strive hard!

As for those who strive hard in Us (Our Cause), We will surely guide them to Our Paths.

[29: 69]

So you must show Allaah that you are truthful!! And this is a kind of test: you repent sincerely, and then the soul which commands evil entices you. So then you are in a struggle between your soul which commands evil and your self-reproaching soul. This is a test to see if your repentance is truthful, if your intention is correct and if you are sincere to Allaah in leaving [this sin]. Just as it is obligatory upon you to be sincere to Allaah in [performing] that which is commanded, it is also obligatory upon you to be sincere to Allaah in leaving [the prohibitions]. It is obligatory that you are sincere to Allaah in leaving [sins]!

And beware, O beloved one! From the greatest means that lead to the servant being deprived of succes, is commiting sins.

We supplicate to the One Who is worshipped (Allaah) during every distress, then we forget Him when the distresses are removed.

How can we hope for an answer to our supplications, while we closed its path with sins.

Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him, said:

“I consider a man to have forgotten the knowledge that he learned because of a sin he commits.”

[Al-Hilyah by Abu Nu’aym]

So a person should beware! This is why the look is an arrow from the arrows of Iblees, so a person should not continue looking, [listening to] whisperings, [listening to] suggestions [of Shaytaan], listening or other than that. So the more a person continues, the more he increases, and it is feared for him that Raan will cover his heart, about which Allaah said:

Nay! But on their hearts is the Raan (covering of sins and evil deeds) which they used to earn. [83:14]

We seek refuge with Allaah! So beware! Sins are dangerous, by Allaah, O brothers! Dangerous and significant! And do not belittle [sins] by saying: “This is an insignificant sin,” “Is it from the minor or major sins?” Beware! In al-Bukhaaree on the authority of Anas, may Allaah be pleased with him:

“You people do (bad) deeds (commit sins) which seem in your eyes tinier than hair, while we used to consider those (very deeds) during the life-time of the Prophet as destructive sins.”

Trust me completely: Whenever you are truthful to Allaah in seeking refuge with Him and throwing yourself with humility before Him with repentance and returning back, He will make you steadfast, He will help you, He will give you success and He will take away from you the most evil of evils, the plot of the sinners and the most evil calamities of the day and night. But whenever you continue [listening to] whisperings and suggestions [of Shaytaan], Shaytaan will cause you to backslide. So beware!

But, the fact that the servant always talks to himself (i.e. reviews himself), that he is aware that Allaah always watches over him in all of his deeds and movements and that he seeks nearness to Him by staying away from sins: this is a proof of his truthfulness, with the permission of Allaah. This heat that you feel because of this struggle in the inside, will result in coldness, certainty and security for you, if you are truthful to Allaah. This is why Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:

O you who believe! Be afraid of Allaah, and be with those who are truthful (in words and deeds). [9:119]

Being truthful in words and deeds is a must! In words and deeds! And from the greatest of this, is that we are truthful to Allaah when we seek His forgiveness and when we return back to Him, the Majestic and Mighty! Is this clear, O brothers? So beware of continuing! Strive against your soul!

Trust me completely: it is only a small amount of days. The Prophet – sallal-Laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – said, as mentioned in as-Saheeh:

“Victory is only an hour of patience.”

This Shaytaan requires struggle (Jihaad)! Right? He requires a great struggle! You have to struggle against him night and day! And the Prophet – sallal-Laahu ‘alayhi wa sallam – has informed us:

“When any one of you goes to sleep, Shaytaan ties three knots at the back of his neck, and says: “You have a long night, so sleep.””

So Shaytaan is with you! And he wages war against you from every place! It is not possible for you to be saved from him, except by seeking refuge with Allaah. This is why Allaah commanded you to seek help from Him and to seek refuge with Him:

Say: “I seek refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of the daybreak.” [113:1]

Say: “I seek refuge with (Allaah) the Lord of mankind.” [114:1]

And the noble, merciful Prophet – the one whom Allaah sent as a mercy to mankind – advised you, guided you, directed you and clarified to you the Path of salvation, which is adhering to the Sunnah:  the adhkaar (supplications) for the morning and the evening [1], the adhkaar for entering and leaving the toilet, sleeping, eating, drinking, etc.

Review yourself! I say: review yourself and examine yourself: are you from those who are steadfast upon the Sunnah or negligent regarding it? How should you call yourself to account except in this way? And praise and thank Allaah that you are alive! Praise and thank Allaah that you are alive! And I have mentioned this to the students and brothers, here or in a previous lesson – I don’t know.

How should this (calling oneself to account) happen? You have a notebook and a pen with you, and you want to know? Call yourself to account before you are called to account! You have a notebook with you [and you write]: Bismillaahi ar-Rahmaani ar-Raheem. Today, saturday or sunday. We start from Fajr; did you wake up before Fajr or after Fajr? [Mention this] to yourself, not in the radio! Did I wake up in time? Did I catch the Sunnah of Fajr or not? Of course before this [you mention]: have I prayed witr or not? Yes/no. Did I pray Fajr in congregation? Yes. Did I catch Takbeeratul-Ihraam? Yes/no. Have I said the adhkaar after the prayer [2]? Yes/no. The adhkaar for the morning and the evening? Yes/no. Did I recite my (daily) part of the Qur’aan? Etc, etc etc. Did I backbite? Have I commited something prohibited? Write down! You will see in the end of the day that you have [written] pages! Yes, no, yes, no… Review [yourself]!Yes: I stay upon the truth. No: review it the next day; are you still upon this or have you left it?

O brothers, this affair is significant! It is not trivial! a Day the measure whereof is fifty thousand years. [70:4]

Anyway, it is a must that we prepare an answer for this Day! We ask Allaah to be kind and gentle to us and you, to give us and you a good ending and to make us all steadfast upon Islaam and Sunnah. And may Allaah raise the rank of the Messenger of Allaah, his family and his Companions and grant them peace.

[1] Authentic adhkaar for the morning and the evening

[2] Authentic adhkaar to be said after the obligatory prayer


Translated by: Yâsîn Abû Ibrâhîm

Verified by: Raha Batts

How to know whether the Calamity/Trial is a Test or a Punishment? – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Audio Benefit|En]

[Alternative Download Link]


Read Also:

When Does a Slave Know that a Trial is a Test or a Punishment? – Ibn Baz

The first thing we will do on the day of Eid is to lower our gaze

It is reported on the authority of Al-Wakî’ b. Al-Jarrâh:

We went out one Eid with Sufyân Al-Thawrî and he said,

“The first thing we will do on this day of ours is to lower our gaze.”

Ibn Abî Al-Dunyâ, Kitâb Al-Wara’. article 66.

It is reported that Hassân b. Abî Sinân – Allâh have mercy on him – went out one Eid and when he returned home his wife said, “How many beautiful women have you looked at today?” After she kept asking him, he said, “Woe to you! I have looked at nothing but my toe from when I went out to when I returned to you.”

Ibn Abî Al-Dunyâ, Kitâb Al-Wara’. article 68.

Source: Extracted from the article on “Lowering the gaze,, Compiled and translated by Owais al Hashimi hafidhahullaah

Your share of adultery – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Muḥammad Ibn Ṣāliḥ al-‘Uthaymīn’s Explanation: [10]

[10] The selections here are from Ibn al-‘Uthaymīn’s explanation of Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn. Since the chapter in Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn where the ḥadīth under discussion appears includes preceding verses of the Quran related to lowering one’s gaze, his explanation of those verses have also been included here for the benefit it contains and its relevancy to this translated work.

The chapter in al-Nawawī’s Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn (in which the ḥadīth under discussion appears) begins with the following verses.

“Tell the believers to lower their gaze.” 

[Sūrah al-Nūr (24:30)]

Looking at non-relative women is forbidden as the author رحمه الله says and that is because Allah commanded that we lower our gaze as He says “Tell the believers to lower their gaze and preserve their private parts. That is purer for them. Allah is certainly aware of what you do.” He instructs us to lower our gaze and guard our private parts, and this indicates that when someone does not restrain his gaze, that becomes the very means by which he may fail to preserve his private parts.

When a person is liberal with his eyes, allowing them to roam freely, his heart becomes infatuated with women. He continues to look at them until he may approach a woman, speak to her, carry on a conversation with her, arrange a date with her, and then finally the immorality (of adultery) happens. We seek protection with Allah from this. This is why the look has been called “the messenger” or “delivery” of adultery; it invites to illegal sexual activity, and this is why Allah commands us to lower our gaze.

He عز وجلalso says:

“He knows the eyes’ deceit and what the breasts conceal”
[Sūrah al-Ghāfir (40:19)]

The “eyes’ deceit” is the visions a person’s sight may steal (when looking at impermissible things). In other words, a person may secretly look at something forbidden when people cannot observe him. However, Allah certainly knows what he is doing because “He knows the eyes’ deceit”.

Allah جل وعلى also knows “what the breasts conceal” of both good and bad intentions. He even knows the ideas a person’s own soul may inwardly suggest to him and what he accepts of those suggestions.

Allah تعالى also says:

“Surely the hearing, the sight, and the heart – of each of those one will be questioned”
[Sūrah al-Isrā (17:36)]

A person is accountable for his hearing and will be questioned about it. What did he listen to with his ears? Did he listen to impermissible speech or to a woman, enjoying the sound of her voice? Likewise an individual is accountable for his sight and heart so it is critical that a person safeguards himself (regarding his senses). As for a woman relative or someone to whom it would be forbidden for him to marry anyway, there is no problem with looking at her. He may see her face, her head, her hands, her arms, her legs and feet; there is no problem with any of this unless there is some sort of temptation he fears for himself. If he feels there would be some temptation for him, then he should not even look at women that are religiously considered as his female kin.

For example, if a man had a “sister” because his mother breastfed another girl in infancy who was originally unrelated to him, if such a woman was considered beautiful in his eyes, then looking at her would not be permissible even though a sister of breastfeeding is considered by the religion to be of the same status of an actual, related sister. If he feels some kind of temptation by looking at her, he must then lower his gaze when with her. She must also cover up when she is with him because the origin and purpose behind the ḥijāb (the religious covering) is to prevent temptations. So if she finds some sort of temptation, then she too must cover her face even in front of related men.

However, if there is no such temptation present and a person is chaste with a normal, sound and un-perverted heart, then he is only forbidden to look at nonrelative women not in his immediate family, for example his cousins, his sisters-inlaw, etc. In conclusion, the important point is that a man may look at women religiously considered to be his immediate relatives as long as no sort of temptation is there. As for looking at unrelated women, they are never permissible for him to look at.

The following ḥadīth, with the wording from Ṣaḥīḥ Muslim, is the one mentioned in Riyāḍ al-Ṣāliḥīn (and the same one mentioned on pg. 2-3 of this work).

Abū Hurayrah رضي الله عنه narrated that the prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم said:

It has been written upon the Son of Adam his share of adultery which he will indulge in; there is no escaping it. The two eyes, their adultery is looking (at what is forbidden). The two ears, their adultery is listening. The tongue, its adultery is speaking. The hand, its adultery is the touching, and the foot, its adultery is walking (toward adultery). The heart desires and hopes (for adultery) but the private parts either confirm that or deny it. » which he will indulge in; there is no escaping it « means every individual will carry out and realize his inevitable share of adultery, and there is no escape from it unless Allah protects him from doing so.

The prophet صلّى الله عليه وسلّم then mentioned some examples such as,

» The two eyes, their adultery is looking « When a man looks at unrelated women, even if it is without desire, it is a form of adultery – adultery of the eye.

» The two ears, their adultery is listening « A man may listen to a woman speaking and become moved by her voice; this is the adultery of the ear. Similarly,

» The hand, its adultery is the touching « which is anything physically done with the hand like touching or similar physical actions.

» the foot, its adultery is walking « and this includes when someone walks to any place wherein immorality and sexual activity is being committed. It could also be when a man hears a woman’s voice and he walks over to her or sees a woman whom he then approaches. These are all types of adultery – adultery of the foot.

» The heart desires « and may be inclined toward adultery, becoming infatuated with women and this is the adultery of the heart.

» but the private parts either confirm that or deny it « In other words, if a person commits adultery with his private parts—we seek protection with Allah from that—he has then actualized the adultery of all his other senses and limbs. In contrast, if he does not commit adultery with his private part, choosing instead to safeguard and preserve himself, he then denies his other senses their forms of adultery.

This ḥadīth shows the extreme caution required to prevent one’s heart from being attached to women. A man must avoid becoming obsessed with their voices, looking at them, touching them, or approaching them. He has to prevent his own heart’s infatuation with the allure of women as all of these are types of adultery, and we seek protection from Allah.

Every individual of sound intellect and chastity must beware and take precautions to ensure nothing of his senses or body parts become obsessed with women. Anytime a person senses himself being allured to any of that, he must retreat and keep far away (from actualizing any forms of adultery) because Satan courses through the Son of Adam like blood runs through him.

Also, the initial glance can be a poisonous arrow from Iblīs. For example, a man may glance at a woman while unconcerned with her at first sight. However, with the second look then the third he finds his heart becoming attached to her, Allah forbid. He may become so in love with that woman that he thinks of nothing but her. Standing, sitting, when he sleeps and when he wakes up, he thinks of her. And this is how the evil and temptation begins.

We ask Allah for wellbeing and all success is from Him.

Excerpted from PDF. You can read the full PDF article Here

Courtesy of
Translated by Abu az-Zubayr Harrison hafidhahullaah

Related Link:

Verily I have sins which I do not see! – Shaykh Sulaymaan Ar-Ruhaylee [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Read the article @ :…
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

Rejuvenating the heart after repeatedly sinning – Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee

Question :

This questioner asks, ‘How does a person rejuvenate his heart after repeatedly sinning?

Shaykh Muhammad bin Haadee Al-Madkhali:

He rejuvenates it firstly by distancing himself from sinning. This is the first thing.

Secondly, distancing himself from the reasons for sinning like bad company or similar things, looking at prohibited things or similar actions, listening to prohibited things or travelling to do prohibited things, (he leaves) every reason which leads to this (sinning).

So he distances himself from sinning by making Towbah (repentance) and he distances himself from sins.

Also, he is to sit with righteous people, those whom we previously spoke about. From these people are those whose companionship is like air, if it is cut off, you die, you breathe with them, and thus it is upon you to sit with the righteous. Be companions with them and stick with them as you acquire an immense amount of good by sitting with them. They protect you, with the grace of Allah and His mercy, from returning to that which you were upon.

Also, it is upon you to increase your reading of the Quran and likewise it is upon you to beseech and supplicate to your Lord the Most High, the One who gives blessings, to protect you just as He gave you success to make Towbah (repentence), ask Him to protect you for as long as what remains from your life and put yourself before Allah frequently supplicating with this du’a. Ask Allah to have mercy upon you, to protect you and make you steadfast, and to make your heart firm. Increase making du’a for these things as verily Allah the Most High does not dissapoint the one who supplicates to Him.
Translated by Abu Afnaan Muhammad ‘Abdullah حفظه الله

Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

Sins – Talk Summer 2013 – Mustafa George [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 17:42)

The purpose of the lectures is reached without picture-making – Shaykh al-Fawzan

Scholar: ´Allâmah Sâlih bin Fawzân al-Fawzân
Source:…(site doesn’t exist now)
Date: 1431-05-27/2010-05-10
Reference: (site doesn’t exist now)

Question: Does the person who takes pictures during lectures and lessons fall under the Hadîth [about picture-making]…

Shaykh al-Fawzân: Yes, yes he does. There is no benefit in picture-making. Lectures are recorded, heard and written down. The purpose is reached without picture-making.

Read or Listen More at the Link below

The Sin of Listening to the Backbiting and not Prohibiting it – Imam Nawawi

Know that in the same way that backbiting is forbidden for the one who speaks it, it is likewise forbidden for the one who listens to it and approves of it.

Thus, it is obligatory on the one who hears an individual embarking on committing the prohibited form of backbiting, to forbid him from doing it as long as he does not fear any open harm resulting from that. But if he does fear (harm) from that, then he is obligated to reject the backbiting with his heart and to detach himself from that gathering if he is able to do so. If he has the ability to reject it with his tongue or to cut the backbiting off by changing the topic, then that becomes required of him. And if he does not do that, then he has committed an act of disobedience (i.e. sinned).

If he is forced to stay in that gathering in which backbiting is taking place, and he fears from forbidding it, or he forbids it but it is not accepted from him and he cannot find a way to separate himself from them, then he is prohibited from listening and paying attention to the backbiting. Instead, his way out should be by making remembrance of Allaah (dhikr) with both his tongue and heart or just his heart. Or he should think about something else in order to preoccupy himself from having to listen to it. After having done this, his hearing it without listening or paying attention to it will not harm him, while he is in this mentioned state. If he is able, after this, to withdraw from them and they are still backbiting, then separating oneself is an obligation. Allaah says:

“And when you see those who engage in false conversations about Our verses by mocking at them, then turn away from them until they engage in a different topic of speech. But if the Devil causes you to forget, then after remembering, do not sit in the company of those people who are the wrong-doers.” [Surah AlAn’aam: 68]

It has been reported that Ibraaheem bin Adham was once invited to a waleemah (wedding feast), so he attended it and found people there who were mentioning a man that didn’t come, saying: “He is truly lazy.” So Ibraaheem said: “I brought this upon myself, such that I attended a place in which people are backbiting one another.” So he left from there and did not eat for three days. What has been recited of poetry with regard to this is:

“And restrain your ears from hearing vile speech
Just as you restrain your tongue from speaking it
Because when you listen to this vile speech
You are a partner to the one saying it, so reflect.”

What Should One Do When He Hears His Shaikh, Friend Or Someone Else Being Backbitten?

Know that it is upon the one who hears a Muslim being backbitten to oppose it and prevent the one doing the backbiting. If he is not able to prevent him with his speech, then he should stop him with his hand. If he is neither able to do so with his hand or with his tongue, then he should get up and leave that gathering. And if he hears his teacher (shaikh) being backbitten – or anyone else who has a right over him, or if the person (being backbitten) is from the people of righteousness and nobility, then his concern with what we have mentioned above should be greater.

Posted From the e-Book : Guarding the Tongue – Imaam An-Nawawee

O you human being, who stands in need and who was created for a tremendous matter ! – Imam Ibn Qudaamah Al-Maqdisee

So O you human being, who stands in need and who was created for a tremendous matter, you for whom the Hellfire and the Gardens of Bliss were created, if you devote your attention to the musical instruments with your ears; and you look at what Allaah forbade with your eyes; and you eat doubtful matters with your mouth, allowing them to enter your stomach; and you are pleased with yourself dancing and swaying; and you waste all of your precious time engaged in these despicable acts; and you throw away your life, which has no value, in trying to attain these condemnable things; and you busy your body, which was created for worship, with that which Allaah forbade for His servants; and you sit in the gathering of the people of falsehood; and you perform the acts of the sinners and the ignorant.

You will come to know, when the cover has been lifted, and the Command (of Allaah) comes to pass, what will befall you from regret on the Day when you see the positions of those who have preceded (you) and the reward of those who did good deeds. While you will be with those who were left behind, the squanderers, and you will be counted as being in the company of the people of falsehood, the neglectful. You have stopped proceeding, the pains have befallen you, and your regrets have become tremendous. For on that Day, the one who cries will not be shown mercy, nor will the one who complains be listened to. Nor will the one who regrets be comforted. Nor will anyone be saved from the Torment of Allaah except for he who is granted mercy.

May Allaah awaken you and us from the sleep of heedlessness, and may He enable you and us to perform what He created us for (i.e. worship), by His mercy.

Posted from eBook – Condemning the Practices of those who claim Sufism – Imaam Ibn Qudaamah Al-Maqdisee (al-ibaanah publishing)

Wisdoms Behind Creation of Sins – Ibn Taymiyah | Saleh-As-Saleh [Audio|En]

Part 01 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 34:26)

Part 02 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 51:32)

Source: The Concise Admonition – Shaikal-Islam Ibn Taymiyah

Expiation of Sins – Ibn Taymiyah |Saleh-As-Saleh [Audio|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 21:18)

Source: The Concise Admonition – Shaikal-Islam Ibn Tayemmeyah