Priority to make up for missed days of Ramadan over fasting the six days of Shawwal – alifta

Fatwas > Shawwal Fatwas > Priority to make up for missed days of Ramadan over fasting the six days of Shawwal

It is prescribed to give priority to make up for missed days of Ramadan over fasting the six days of Shawwal

Q: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fasting) for six days in Shawwal before making up for the missed days of the previous month of Ramadan?

A: Scholars differ regarding this issue; however, the soundest opinion is that it is prescribed to give precedence to observing Sawm of the missed days of Ramadan over the six days of Shawwal and other supererogatory Sawm, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Muslim in his Sahih [Authentic Hadith Book]) If one chooses to observe Sawm of the six days of Shawwal first, it will not be considered as one who fasts these six days after fasting all of Ramadan, but after some days of Ramadan. Making up for the missed days of Ramadan is a Fard (obligatory act of worship) while fasting the six days of Shawwal is voluntary, and a Fard is more important to fulfill. May Allah grant us success!

Q: I was unable to fast during Ramadan due to post-partum bleeding. I became ritually pure during the days of ‘Eid and I really wish to fast the six days of Shawwal. Is it permissible for me to fast these days and then begin making up the missed days of Ramadan? Please give us your Fatwa (legal opinion issued by a qualified Muslim scholar). May Allah guide you to all goodness!

A: It is prescribed to first make up for the missed days of fasting in Ramadan, because the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Anyone who fasts Ramadan and then follows it with six days of Shawwal it is as if they fasted the whole year. (Related by Muslim in his Sahih) Thus, the Prophet (peace be upon him) clarified that fasting six days of Shawwal comes after fasting Ramadan. It is your duty to start by making up for your missed days of fasting, even if you miss fasting the six days of Shawwal, for the previous Hadith. Moreover, Fard (obligatory act of worship) take precedence over Nafl (supererogatory act of worship). May Allah guide us all to success!

Source: Islamic Research Journal

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=71&PageNo=1&BookID=10

The Virtue of Fasting Six Days in Shawwal – Imam Ibn Baaz rahimahullaah [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Translated by Owais al Hashimi hafidhahullaah

Must the six days of Shawwal be fasted directly after Eid day? – Permanent Committee

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 3475

Q 4: Should the voluntary Sawm (Fast) of the six days of Shawwal be observed directly after Ramadan, following the day of `Eid-ul-Fitr (the Festival of Breaking the Fast), or is it permissible to start observing it several days after `Eid-ul-Fitr, during the month of Shawwal?

A: It is not necessary to observe this Sawm directly after `Eid-ul-Fitr.

It is permissible to start observing it one or more days afterwards.

The six days can be observed either consecutively or non-consecutively during the month of Shawwal, whichever is easier.

This matter is open to choice, as this Sawm is Sunnah and not Faridah (obligatory act).May Allah grant us success.

May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta

’Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: Fatwas of the Permanent Committee

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=69&PageNo=1&BookID=10

The Encouragement to Fast the Day of ‘Ashura (10th of Muharram) – Shaykh Al Albaani

From ‘Saheeh Targheeb  wa Tarheeb’
by The Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasur uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya 

Book of Fasting

Chapter:  Persuasion to Fast the Day of ‘Ashura

(1) -1017 – Saheeh

On the authority of Abu Qataada -RadhiAllaahu anhu- that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam was asked about the fast of the day of‘Ashura, so he answered: ‘It expiates the sins of the previous year.’

Narrated by Muslim and other than him, and by Ibn Majah and his wording is: ‘The fast of the day of ‘Ashura; Indeed the reward that Irequest from Allaah is that He expiates the sins of the year before this year.’

(2) -1018 – Saheeh

On the authority of Ibn Abbas -RadhiAllaahu anhu- ‘that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam fasted the day of ‘Ashura, and he ordered for it to be fasted.’

Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim

(3) – 1019 –

On the authority of Ibn Abbas – RadhiAllaahu anhu – was asked about the fast of the day of ‘Ashura, so he answered: ‘I do not know of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam -fasting a day, wanting  the excellence of that fast above  that of other days, nor any other month other than this month. i.e. Ramadan.’

Narrated by Muslim

(4) – 1020- Hasan li ghayreehi’

On the authority of Ibn Abbas – RadhiAllaahu anhu – ‘That the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – never aspired for the excellence of a day after ramadan; except the day of ‘Ashura.’

Narrated by Tabaranee in ‘al-Awasat’, and its isnaad is Hasan with the isnad before it.

(5) – 1021 – Saheeh  li ghayreehi’

On the authority of Abu sa’eed al-khudaree -RadhiAllaahu anhu- said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said; ‘Whoever fasts the day of Arafat he is forgiven for the following year and the previous year. And whoever fasts ‘Ashura then he is forgiven the year.’

Narrated by Tabaranee with an isnaad which is Hasan.

______________________

The day of ‘Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram.

Prohibition of Observing an Optional Saum (Fast) by a Woman without thePermission of her Husband

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 336
Prohibition of Observing an Optional Saum (Fast) by a Woman without the
Permission of her Husband

1750. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “It is not lawful for a woman to observe an optional Saum (fast) without the permission of her husband when he is at home. Nor should she allow anyone to enter his house without his permission.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

Prohibition of Extending Fast beyond one Day

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 346
Prohibition of Extending Fast beyond one Day

1764. Abu Hurairah and `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited observing continuous voluntary fasts beyond one day.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1765. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibited observing continuous fasts beyond one day. The Companions submitted: “But you do it.” He replied, “I am not like you. I am given to eat and to drink (from Allah).”

Abomination of Selecting Friday for Fasting

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 345
Abomination of Selecting Friday for Fasting

1760. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not choose the Friday night among all other nights for standing in (Tahajjud) prayer, and do not choose Friday among all other days for Saum (fasting) except that one you have accustomed to.”
[Muslim].

1761. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) as saying: “None of you should observe fast on Friday except that he should observe fast either one day before it or one day after it.’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1762. Muhammad bin `Abbad (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I asked Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him). Did the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) prohibit fasting on Friday?” He said, “Yes.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1763. Juwairiyah bint Al-Harith (May Allah be pleased with her), the Mother of the Believers, said that the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) visited her on a Friday and she was observing fast. He asked, “Did you observe fast yesterday?” She said, “No.” He asked, “Do you intend to observe fast tomorrow?” She said, “No.” He said, “In that case, give up your fast today.”
[Al-Bukhari].

 

The Desirability of Observing Saum (Fasting) on Monday and Thursday

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 229
The Desirability of Observing Saum (Fasting) on Monday and Thursday

1255. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on Mondays. He said, “That is the day on which I was born and the day on which I received Revelation.”
[Muslim].

1256. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Deeds of people are presented (to Allah) on Mondays and Thursdays. So I like that my actions be presented while I am fasting.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1257. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her)u reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to observe fast on Mondays and Thursdays.
[At-Tirmidhi].

The Excellence of As-Saum (The Fast) during the first ten Days ofDhul-Hijjah

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 226
The Excellence of As-Saum (The Fast) during the first ten Days of Dhul-Hijjah

1249. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “There are no days during which the righteous action is so pleasing to Allah than these days (i.e., the first ten days of Dhul-Hijjah).” He was asked: “O Messenger of Allah, not even Jihad in the Cause of Allah?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Not even Jihad in the Cause of Allah, except in case one goes forth with his life and his property and does not return with either of it.”
[Al-Bukhari].

 

The Prohibition of Observing Saum (Fasting) after the Middle of Sha’ban

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 219

The Prohibition of Observing Saum (Fasting) after the Middle of Sha’ban

1224. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not observe Saum (fasting) for a day or two days preceding Ramadan. However, if a person is in the habit of observing Saum on a particular day (which may fall on these dates), he may fast on that day.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1225. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do not observe Saum (fasting) before the advent of Ramadan. Observe Saum at sighting of the crescent of Ramadan and terminate it at sighting the crescent (of Shawwal). If the sky is overcast, complete (the month as) thirty (days).”

[At-Tirmidhi].

1226. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When there comes the middle of Sha`ban, don’t observe Saum (fasting).”

[At-Tirmidhi].

1227. `Ammar bin Yasir (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: He who observes the fast on a doubtful day, has in fact disobeyed Abul-Qasim, (i.e., Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)).

[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

The Excellence of Observing Saum on the Day of ‘Arafah, ‘Ashura’ andTasu’a (i.e., 9th of Muharram)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 227
The Excellence of Observing Saum on the Day of ‘Arafah, ‘Ashura’ and Tasu’a
(i.e., 9th of Muharram)

1250. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about the observance of Saum (fasting) on the day of `Arafah. He said, “It is an expiation for the sins of the preceding year and the current year.”
[Muslim].

1251. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) observed Saum (fasting) on the day of `Ashura’ and commanded us to fast on this day.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1252. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about observing As-Saum (the fast) on the tenth day of Muharram, and he replied, “It is an expiation for the sins of the preceding year.”
[Muslim].

1253. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If I remain alive till the next year, I shall also observe fast on the ninth of Muharram.”
[Muslim].

The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha’ban and the Sacred Months (Rajab, Dhul-Qa’dah, and Dhul-Hijjah)

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 225
The Excellence of Observing Saum (Fasting) in the months of Muharram and Sha’ban
and the Sacred Months

1246. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The best month for observing Saum (fasting) next after Ramadan is the month of Allah, the Muharram; and the best Salat (prayer) next after the prescribed Salat is Salat at night (Tahajjud prayers).”
[Muslim].

1247. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) did not observe voluntary Saum (fasting) so frequently during any other month as he did during Sha`ban. He observed Saum throughout the month of Sha`ban.

    Another narration is: He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) observed Saum during the whole month of Sha`ban except a few days.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1248.  Reported Mujibah Al-Bahiliyah on the authority of her father or uncle that he visited the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) once and then went to see him again after a year. His appearance had totally changed. He asked the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) if he had recognized him. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Who are you?” He replied: “I am Al-Bahili who visited you last year.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “You were quite handsome, what has changed your appearance so much?” He replied, “Since my departure from here, I have not eaten anything except at night.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) remarked, “You have put yourself to torture. Observe Saum (fasting) during the Month of Patience (i.e., Ramadan) and fast one day from each month.” He submitted, “Permit me to observe more voluntary fasts because I have capacity to do so.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then observe fasts for two days in every month.” He said, “Permit me to observe more.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Observe fasts on three days in every month.” He requested that he should be allowed to observe more fasts. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Fast three days during the sacred months and omit fasting for three days alternately.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) joined his three fingers together and left them apart while repeating this sentence thrice.
[Abu Dawud].

The Desirability of Observing Three Days of Fasting in Every Month

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 230
The Desirability of Observing Three Days of Fasting in Every Month

1258. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: My friend (the Messenger of Allah) (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed me to observe fast for three days in every month, to perform two Rak`ah (optional) Duha prayer at forenoon and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1259. Abud-Darda (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: My friend (the Messenger of Allah) (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed me to observe Saum (fasting) for three days in every month, to perform two Rak`ah (optional) Duha prayer at forenoon, and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1260. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Observing Saum (fasting) on three days of every month is equivalent to a full month’s fasting.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1261. Mu`adhah Al-`Adawiyah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: I asked `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her). Did the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) use to observe three days of Saum (fasting) in every month?” She replied, “Yes.” I asked, “On which days in the month did he observed fast?” She replied that he did not mind on which days of the month he observed fast.
[Muslim].

1262. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “If you want to observe Saum on three days in a month, then fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month.”
[At-Tirmidhi].

1263. Qatadah bin Milhan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed us to observe Saum (fasting) on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month.
[Abu Dawud].

1264. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: It was the practice of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to not to omit fast on `bright days’ whether he was staying at a place or on a journey.
[An-Nasa’i].

The Desirability of Fasting six Days in the Month of Shawwal

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 228
The Desirability of Fasting six Days in the Month of Shawwal

1254. Abu Ayyub (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who observes As-Saum (the fasts) in the month of Ramadan, and also observes As-Saum for six days in the month of Shawwal, it is as if he has observed As-Saum for the whole year.”
[Muslim].

* Fasting on Mondays and Thursdays after the 15th of Sha‘ban

Q 4: Is it permissible to observe Sawm (Fasting) on Mondays and Thursdays of Rajab and Sha‘ban? Is it permissible to observe Sawm after the fifteenth of Sha‘ban?

A: Observing Sawm on Mondays and Thursdays is not only restricted to Rajab or Sha‘ban, rather it is a Mandub (commendable) act during all the months of the year. It is also permissible for whoever is in the habit of fasting them all year to observe fasting them after the fifteenth of Sha‘ban, even if one of these days coincides with the Day of Doubt (so called because there is doubt concerning it – is it the last day of Sha‘ban or the first day of Ramadan), for the Prophet (peace be upon him) said: Do not observe fast for a day or two days ahead of Ramadan, except a person who is in the habit of observing a particular Sawm; they may fast on that day. (Agreed upon its authenticity by Al-Bukhari and Muslim)

May Allah grant us success! May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions!

Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Chairman: Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz (rahimahullaah)
http://alifta.com

Upcoming Fast of three Ayyam al-Beed (3 White Days) in the month of Dhu Al-Qa`dah

Inshaa’Allaahu ta’ala, for this month of Dhu Al-Qa`dah 1437H ,
Ayyam al-Beed (The White Days for Fasting) will fall on:

13th Dhul Qa’dah – (Tuesday), August 16th 2016
14th Dhul Qa’dah – (Wednesday), August 17th 2016
15th Dhul Qa’dah – (Thursday), August 18th 2016

1258. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

My friend (the Messenger of Allah) (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed me to observe fast for three days in every month, to perform two Rak`ah (optional) Duha prayer at forenoon and to perform the Witr prayer before going to bed.

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1260. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said,

“Observing Saum (fasting) on three days of every month is equivalent to a full month’s fasting.”

[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1262. Abu Dharr (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said,

“If you want to observe Saum on three days in a month, then fast on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month.” 

[At-Tirmidhi].

1263. Qatadah bin Milhan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported:

The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) directed us to observe Saum (fasting) on the thirteenth, fourteenth and fifteenth of the (lunar) month.

[Abu Dawud].

1264. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) reported:

It was the practice of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to not to omit fast on `bright days’ whether he was staying at a place or on a journey.

[An-Nasa’i].

Translation of above Ahadeeth : from Dar-us-salam’s english translation of Riyad-us-Saliheen

Beneficial Read:

The Best way to Fast the Day of Aashoora (10th Muharram) – Explained by Shaykh Fawzan

Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee
http://mtws.posthaven.com/the-best-way-to-fast-the-day-of-aashoora-explained-by-shaykh-fawzan

Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

Rulings on Fasting on Saturday – Various Scholars

Bismillahi-rRahmani-Raheem

As there is difference of opinion among scholars concerning Fasting on Saturday, please find the attached documents with ruling on this subject and their proofs presented…

Attachments: ( Click on the Below Links to read the documents)

  1. Summarized points of – Fasting on Saturday – By Shaykh Uthaymeen
  2. Shaykh Al Albani and Shaykh Abdul Muhsin Al Abbad debate on fasting
  3. Permanent committee ruling on Fasting on SaturDay

Praying that Allah guide us all and give us better understanding of His deen…

Rajeef via KSA_Dawah group

Which is better: Sawm on the 10th with the 9th or the 10th with the 11th of Muharram?

Alifta.net Fatwas > Al-Muharram Fatwas > Which is better: Sawm on the 10th with the 9th or the 10th with the 11th of Muharram?

Observing Sawm on the ninth and tenth of Muharram is better than on the tenth and eleventh

Question:

What is the ruling on observing Sawm (Fast) on the Day of ‘Ashura’ (10th of Muharram)? Is it better to observe Sawm on the day that precedes it, the day that succeeds it, all the three days, or on the Day of ‘Ashura’ only? Please clarify the matter. May Allah reward you with the best!

Answer:

It is a Sunnah (supererogatory act of worship following the example of the Prophet) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ for the authentic Hadiths in which the Prophet (peace be upon him) stated so. The Prophet (peace be upon him) mentioned that the Jews used to observe Sawm on that Day because it was the day on which Allah (may He be Exalted) rescued Prophet Musa (Moses, peace be upon him) and his people and destroyed Pharaoh and his people. Our Prophet Muhammad thus, observed Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ to express his gratitude to Allah, advised Muslims to do so, and directed us as well to observe Sawm on the day preceding or succeeding it. However, observing Sawm on the ninth and tenth of Muharram is better than doing so on the tenth and eleventh. The latter form is also sufficient for it contradicts the practice of the Jews as well. One may also observe Sawm on all three days, i.e. the ninth, the tenth, and the eleventh of Muharram as is reported in some narrations: Fast a day before (the Day of ‘Ashura’) and a day after it. But, it is Makruh (reprehensible) to observe Sawm on the Day of ‘Ashura’ only, i.e. without accompanying it by the preceding or the succeeding day. May Allah grant us success!

Source: Fatwas of Ibn Baz

Excellence of Fasting on the Day of Arafah – Al-Istiqaamah Magazine

FASTING THE DAY OF ’ARAFAH:

The ninth day of Dhul-Hijjah is the day of ’Arafah, since it is on this day that the pilgrims gather at the mountain plain of ’Arafah, praying and supplicating to their Lord.

It is mustahabb (highly recommended) for those who are not pilgrims to fast on this day, since the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was asked about fasting on the day of ’Arafah, so he said, “It expiates the sins of the past year and the coming year.” [4]

Likewise, the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, ‘There is no day on which Allaah frees people from the Fire more so than on the day of ’Arafah. He comes close to those (people standing on ’Arafah), and then He revels before His Angels saying, ‘What are these people seeking.” [5]

Imaam at-Tirmidhee (d.275H) – rahimahullaah – said, “The People of Knowledge consider it recommended to fast on the day of ’Arafah, except for those at ’Arafah.” [6]

[4] Related by Muslim (no. 1162), from Aboo Qataadah (radiyallaahu ’anhu).

[5] Related by Muslim (no. 1348), from ’Aa‘ishah (radiyallaahu ’anhaa).

[6] Refer to Jaami’ut-Tirmidhee (3/377).

Source for the above :

The Month of Dhul-Hijjah – Al-Istiqaamah Magazine, Issue No.6