From ‘Saheeh Targheeb wa Tarheeb’
by The Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasur uddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya
Book of Fasting
Chapter: Persuasion to Fast the Day of ‘Ashura
(1) -1017 – Saheeh
On the authority of Abu Qataada -RadhiAllaahu anhu- that the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– was asked about the fast of the day of‘Ashura, so he answered: ‘It expiates the sins of the previous year.’
Narrated by Muslim and other than him, and by Ibn Majah and his wording is: ‘The fast of the day of ‘Ashura; Indeed the reward that Irequest from Allaah is that He expiates the sins of the year before this year.’
(2) -1018 – Saheeh
On the authority of Ibn Abbas -RadhiAllaahu anhu- ‘that the Messenger of Allaah–sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– fasted the day of ‘Ashura, and he ordered for it to be fasted.’
Narrated by Bukhari and Muslim
(3) – 1019 –
On the authority of Ibn Abbas – RadhiAllaahu anhu – was asked about the fast of the day of ‘Ashura, so he answered: ‘I do not know of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam -fasting a day, wanting the excellence of that fast above that of other days, nor any other month other than this month. i.e. Ramadan.’
Narrated by Muslim
(4) – 1020- Hasan li ghayreehi’
On the authority of Ibn Abbas – RadhiAllaahu anhu – ‘That the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – never aspired for the excellence of a day after ramadan; except the day of ‘Ashura.’
Narrated by Tabaranee in ‘al-Awasat’, and its isnaad is Hasan with the isnad before it.
(5) – 1021 – Saheeh li ghayreehi’
On the authority of Abu sa’eed al-khudaree -RadhiAllaahu anhu- said that the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said; ‘Whoever fasts the day of Arafat he is forgiven for the following year and the previous year. And whoever fasts ‘Ashura then he is forgiven the year.’
Narrated by Tabaranee with an isnaad which is Hasan.
The day of ‘Ashura is the tenth day of Muharram.