Funeral Prayer (Janaazah) over the Muslims who committed Major Sins – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 31 : Point 40
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

والصلاة على من مات من أهل القبلة سنة والمرجوم والزاني والزانية والذي يقتل نفسه وغيره من أهل القبلة والسكران وغيرهم الصلاة عليهم سنة

And to pray over whoever dies from the People of the Qiblah is the Sunnah and over the one who has been stoned to death and the male fornicator and the female fornicator and the one who commits suicide and other than him from the People of the Qiblah and the drunkard and other than them, the funeral prayer over them is the Sunnah.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

This is just as has preceded that whoever manifests eemaan and Islaam, we pray funeral prayer over him and he is from the People of the Qiblah and they are those who pray towards the Ka’bah (the direction of prayer of the Muslims), those people we deal with them in accordance with what is apparent so we judge them to be Muslims and we treat them as we treat the Muslims whilst they are alive and when they are dead.

His saying, “and likewise the one who has been stoned to death and the male fornicator and the female fornicator and the one who has committed suicide and other than him from the People of the Qiblah”, the sinful believer who does not exit from Islaam on account of his major sin is treated as a Muslim and supplication is made for him just like the person who commits suicide and just like the one who is stoned for fornication and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam prayed funeral prayer over those who were stoned to death. He prayed over Maa`iz radiyAllaahu `anhu and over Al-Ghaamidiyyah; the woman of the Ghaamidiyyah tribe radiyAllaahu `anhaa.[1] [2]

And he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam would withhold from praying over some people such as the one who committed suicide and such as the person who misappropriated something from the booty in Allaah’s cause in order to discipline the people not because he was a disbeliever and therefore he gave permission to the companions to pray upon him and he did not prevent them from prayer over him because he is still a Muslim.

His saying, “and the drunkard and other than them, the prayer over them is Sunnah”, the one who drinks alcohol is a faasiq (sinner), the hadd (prescribed punishment) is established upon him. However, he does not exit from Islaam. So, if he dies then he is prayed over even if he used to drink alcohol because he is still from the People of the Qibla.

And his saying, “it is the Sunnah”, meaning it is from the Sunnah of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, which it is obligatory to follow.[3]

Footnotes:

[1] This incident of Maa`iz with the long story connected to it; he came and he admitted what he had done and sought that he should be stoned to death is reported in Al-Bukhaariyy (6,820) in the book of hudood (prescribed punishments), Chapter 25 ‘Stoning to Death at the Musallaa (outdoor place of prayer)’ from the hadeeth of Jaabir.

Side point: contains the wording there when it mentions his story and that he was stoned to death and then at the end of it occurs that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam prayed over him.

Side point: Shaykh Al-Albaaniyy said with regard to that wording there it is quoted at the end of the narration in a disconnected form and Shaykh Al-Albaaniyy said in IrwaAl Ghalil Volume 7, page 353 that this narration is actually shaaddah (contrary to what’s authentic) that the fact that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam himself prayed over Maa`iz is contrary to the correct reports. It’s only reported by one narrator Mahmood ibn Gheelaan to the exclusion of all other narrators of this hadeeth and Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar mentions their names in Fathul Baari Volume 12, page 115-116. Likewise, in addition Aboo Daawood reports in his Sunan hadeeth 3,186 from Aboo Burdah Al-Aslami that Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam did not pray over Maa`iz ibn Malik and he did not forbid prayer over him.  Shaykh Al-Albaaniyy said this report by Aboo Daawood is hasan, saheeh (good, authentic), Allaahu A’lam.

[2] This hadeeth that she was stoned to death and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam prayed over her, hadeeth being reported by Muslim (1,695) from hadeeth of Buraydah radiyAllaahu `anh.

[3] Side point: Shaykh as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah said,

“The author affirming that the prayer is said over all of them, there is tafseel  (detail) here  that needs to be mentioned, which is that he is to be prayed over by everyone except for the Imaam (ruler) because it is not befitting that the ruler should pray over those people so that the sinful people should not become emboldened to commit those sins and crimes. Rather, what is befitting is that they should be deterred from that. So, the ruler should not pray the funeral prayer over them. Rather, his deputy should pray over him so that the people should know that the ruler not praying over those people who have died, they should recognise it, it will be a deterrent for them and the people should recognise how despicable that action is, which has led the ruler to stay back from praying the funeral prayer over him. As for the rest of the nation then they should pray over those people.”

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

We do not hold using the sword against anyone from the Ummah of Muhammad except upon those whom it becomes obligatory to use it upon – Aqeedah Tahawiyyah

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 38  : Point [156]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

156. And we do not hold using the sword against anyone from the Ummah of Muhammad  (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم ) except upon those whom it becomes obligatory to use it upon.

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Narrated Ibn `Umar: The Prophet (ﷺ) said at Mina, “Do you know what day is today?” They (the people) replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better,” He said “Today is 10th of Dhul-Hijja, the sacred (forbidden) day. Do you know what town is this town?” They (the people) replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, “This is the (forbidden) Sacred town (Mecca a sanctuary).” And do you know which month is this month?” They (the People) replied, “Allah and His Apostle know better.” He said, ”This is the Sacred (forbidden) month .” He added, “Allah has made your blood, your properties and your honor Sacred to one another (i.e. Muslims) like the sanctity of this day of yours in this month of yours, in this town of yours.” (See Hadith No. 797, Vol. 2.)

[Sahih al-Bukhari 6043 (Book 78, Hadith 73). Translated by Dr. Muhamamd Muhsin Khan]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

People of Tawheed who are guilty of major sins will not remain forever in the Fire – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 36  : Point [146]

146. And those guilty of major sins (Ahlul-Kabaa’ir) [from the Ummah of Muhammad] will not remain forever in the Fire, if they die as people upon Tawheed

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

The Correct Creed Concerning the Ruling on Those who Commit Major Sins – Dr. Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

As for the Ahl-ul-Sunnah wal-Jammah, and they are the Companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– and those who followed them in goodness, they say that the sinner does not stay in the Hell-Fire for eternity as a long as he does not make something prohibited as permissible.  However, if he dies knowing that it is a sin, but the Shaytaan prompted him to commit the sin, then he does not stay in the Hell-Fire for eternity, in fact he is under the Will of Allaah, if Allaah wants He will pardon him and enter him into Paradise due to his Islaam and Eemaan and if Allaah wants, He will punish him in the Hell-Fire according to the amount of sin, then after he has been purified and cleared Allaah will take him out of the Hell-Fire to Paradise.

.. Therefore, whatever is less than Shirk then it is under the Will of Allaah, and committing suicide is less then Shirk, likewise is Zina (adultery & fornication), stealing and drinking alcohol.  All of these things are sins that are less than Shirk, and those who carry them out are under the Will of Allaah.  If a person dies while committing that sin then it is up to Allaah – Subhanahu – if He wants to forgive him due to righteous actions and the Islaam which is with him, or if Allaah wants, He will punish him in the Hell-Fire according to the amount of sins that he had committed.

– Ibn Baaz (Ref Here)

[Alternative Download Link]

Posted from : Audio Series : 
The Correct Creed – Based upon the book of Shaykh al Burjiss

Related Links:

  1. Rebelling with the Sword and Performing Takfeer Due to Major Sins – Imaam ad-Dhahabi
  2. The Ruling of Committing Suicide & not having Patience upon Trials – Ibn Baaz
  3. None of you should die Except while he is having good thoughts about Allah – Imam Nawawī’s & al-Manāwī
  4. The Fitnah of Takfeer (Imputing kufr on Muslims) – Dr Saleh as Saleh
  5. Hypocrisy in Belief (Nifaaq I’tiqaadee) and Hypocrisy in Action (Nifaaq ‘Amaliy) – Shaykh Salih Fawzaan

Can I use the Credit Card, if I duly pay the Bills without Paying Interest (Riba) ?

The first question of Fatwa no. 7425

Q 1: There is a card which facilitates financial transactions in Western countries, as it helps a person to do without carrying cash with them. A person can purchase any goods they want with this card, then at the end of each month they receive a bill with the sum of money they have to pay for what they bought using this card, and they pay the full amount without any increase. This process protects one’s money from being stolen. But there is a condition for receiving this card. Depending on the terms of the card, one may pay interest charges for every day of delay on the amount that they do not pay within twenty five days.

Is it permissible to deal with this card taking into account that a person can avoid dealing with Riba (usury/interest) if they pay the bill during the twenty five days grace period?

A: If the reality is as you have mentioned, then such dealing is not permissible as this contract contains Riba (usury/interest) because you stipulate paying Riba in case of delaying payment.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

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`Abdullah ibn Qa`ud – `Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan – `Abdul-Razzaq `Afify – `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=5036&PageNo=1&BookID=7

Also Read :

The affair of a Muslim who died upon Tawheed but he has purposely killed another Muslim – Sheikh ‘Ubaid al Jabiree

Ques. 1: How do we understand the affair of a Muslim who died upon Tawheed but he has purposely killed another Muslim? How can this person (murderer) leave the hellfire especially due to the fact that a severe punishment is mentioned in the Quran with the mentioning of the hellfire, and remaining in it, and the curse and anger of Allah upon such an individual? Please benefit us in this regard, may Allah reward you.

Ans: In the name of Allah, indeed all praise belongs to Allah. May the peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammed and upon him family members and all his companions. The answer to your question comprises several aspects,

the first of them: Murder with intent which takes place between two believers is considered from the major crimes and sins. The proof for this is the statement of Allah:

{And whoever intentionally kills a believer, then his punishment is remaining in the hellfire, the anger of Allah and His curse, and indeed Allah has prepared for him a tremendous punishment.} Surah al Nisa:93

The Sunnah has also warned the believer from purposely killing his believing brother. If a person does happen to fall into this action, then he will receive a legislated governed punishment (by way of the rulers) in this life as long as the guardian or relative of the murdered individual does not pardon the murderer. If, on the other hand, he pardons the murdered, he (the guardian or relative) will receive a reward, but if he chooses for the blood money to be paid, it would then be paid to him, but the murderer must still repent to Allah (even if the blood money is paid).

The next affair which relates to this answer is that Allah has named the killer the brother or companion to the guardian of the murdered individual. Allah said:

{So whosoever is pardoned by his brother…} Surah al Baqarah:178

Therefore Allah has named the killer and the guardian of the murdered individual brothers to one another. Consequently, if the killer was a disbeliever, Allah would have not named him a brother to the guardian of the murdered individual.

The third point which is related to this answer is what is mentioned concerning ‘khulood’ (remaining in the hell-fire). There are two meanings of ‘khulood’. The first meaning is to remain in the hell-fire for eternity; this meaning applies to the disbeliever and the polytheist. The second meaning indicates dwelling in the hell-fire for a long period of time. This applies to the person who meets Allah while indulging in a major sin which he has not repented from, such as purposely killing another believer.

There are two punishments for intentional killing; the first of these punishments is expiated by way of repentance, which expiates the punishment that a person would receive on the Day of Judgement. The second punishment, which is conducted by the ruler, this punishment can only be expiated if the guardian of the murdered individual pardons the killer.

And indeed Allah knows best.

Translated by Mustafa George (hafidhahullaah)

Posted fromQuestion and Answer session with Sheikh ‘Ubaid al Jabiree – Mustafa George DeBerry