Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desires): 50 Matters to free Oneself from it – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

Bismillaah

It is said that Al-Hawaa is a hidden trap that one must not feel secure from. Ash-Sha’bee [34] said: “It is called Hawaa because it throws down its’ adherent.” In its general and unrestricted meaning, it demands ready pleasure without thinking about the outcome. It incites the immediate obtainment of lusts even though it is, sooner or later, the cause of greater sufferings. This life has an outcome before that of the Hereafter, and Al-Hawaa blinds its follower from giving notice to this.

Man’s Muroo’ah, [35] religion, and rationalism all forbid the pleasure whose outcome will be painful and prohibit lust whose legacy is sorrow and regret, each telling the self when it desires [pleasure and lust], “Don’t do it!” The self would obey the winner.[36] Don’t you see because of the weakness of the rationalistic restraint in a child, he prefers what he desires even though it may lead to his own destruction. On the other hand, the one who does not abide by the Deen prefers and likes what he desires even if it would lead to his destruction in the Hereafter because of the weakness in compliance to the Deen’s prohibitive code. The one who does not respect his Muroo’ah prefers what he likes even if he injures [or shatters] or even loses his Muroo’ah because of the weakness in adhering to its prohibitive code. What place does this hold in comparison with the saying of Ash-Shaafi’ee [37]: “If I knew that cold water would injure my Muroo’ah, I would not drink it.”

Since man has been distinguished from other forms of creation by being subjected to the trials of Al-Hawaa, and because at all times he encounters all kinds of events and occurrences, two references of judgment have been established in order to deal with him: The Deen and reasoning. He is always commanded to refer all of Al-Hawaa related incidents to these judges [Deen and reasoning] and to submit to their ruling. He should train himself to ward off Al-Hawaa whose consequences are safe in order to train himself to abandon Al-Hawaa, which have harmful consequences.

Let the reasonable person know that lust addicts reach a state in which they do not find pleasure therein. Yet, they are unable to give it up, because it becomes to them like an indispensable form of living.

That is why you see the alcoholic and Al-Jimaa’ [38] addict does not reach one tenth of the enjoyment achieved by those who sometimes infrequently drink [39] or engage in Al-Jimaa‘. However, it is the habit which requires that of him. Consequently, he drives himself into destructive paths to attain what is demanded by the habit. Had he been relieved from the Rayn [40] of Al-Hawaa, he would have known that he was miserable wherefore he anticipated happiness, depressed wherefore he thought he was glad, and in pain where from he sought pleasure. He is like a bird that was deceived by a grain of wheat, neither he was able to get it, nor he was able to free himself from the trap he got caught in.

So, if it is asked: “How could a person who fell in Al-Hawaa free himself from it?

The response is: “By the help and success granted by Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى), he will be able to liberate himself from Al-Hawaa by holding to the following matters:

1. A determined free will: having a vigilant care and sense of honor for himself, jealously protecting it.

2. A dose of patience making himself endure the bitter taste of the moment (i.e. the time his Hawaa is active).

3. Strength and self-determination that encourages him to drink that dose [of patience]. His courage is a moment of forbearance, and the best of living attained by an ‘Abd is through his perseverance.

4. Being aware of the splendid impression of the outcome and the cure achieved by that dose [of perseverance].

5. Being aware of the pain that exceeds the pleasure arising from following his Hawaa.

6. Keeping his good standing before Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) and in the hearts of Allaah’s ‘Ibaad. Certainly this is better and more beneficial to this than taking pleasure in following his Hawaa.

7. Preferring the joy of ‘Iffaah [41] and its honor and sweetness over the pleasure of disobedience and wrong-doing.

8. Having delight in overcoming his enemy and driving him away disgraced in his rage, grief, and worry, being unable to get hold of him as he wishes. In fact, Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) loves for His ‘Abd to abandon and enrage his enemy as He has said in his noble Book:

 وَلَا يَطَئُونَ مَوْطِئًا يَغِيظُ الْكُفَّارَ وَلَا يَنَالُونَ مِنْ عَدُوٍّ نَّيْلًا إِلَّا كُتِبَ لَهُم بِهِ عَمَلٌ صَالِحٌ

Nor they take any step to raise the anger of disbelievers nor inflict any injury upon an enemy but is written to their credit as a deed of righteousness. [Qur’aan,SooratAt-Tawbah. 9:120].

لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّار

That He may enrage the disbelievers with them (i.e. the Sahaabah). [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Falh, 48:29].

وَمَن يُهَاجِرْ فِي سَبِيلِ اللَّهِ يَجِدْ فِي الْأَرْضِ مُرَاغَمًا كَثِيرًا وَسَعَةً

He who emigrates [from his home] in the Cause of Allaah, will find on earth many dwelling places and plenty to live by. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Nisaa’. 4:100],

Which means, “A place where he abandons and assails the enemies of Allaah.” The sign of true love is to enrage the enemies of the Beloved and to forsake them.

9. Contemplating the fact that he has not been created to [be a slave of] Al-Hawaa, but that he has been prepared for a great task that will not be achieved unless he disobeys his Hawaa, as it was said:

“Indeed they have prepared you for a task such that if you are aware of it (i.e. its importance and great outcome);

Then you would hold yourself above giving respect to the negligent.”

10. That he should not choose for himself a state such that the unintelligible animal is better than him. Indeed the animal is able by means of his natural instincts to distinguish between beneficial and harmful situations, preferring the beneficial above the harmful. For the same purpose, man has been endowed with the faculty of reason. If he does not differentiate between what hurts or benefits him, or, in the case he realizes this but prefers what is harmful to him, then the status of an unintelligible animal is better than his. The evidence for this lies in the fact that an animal takes a share of enjoyment in the taste of food, drinks, and sexual relations that is not attainable by man, and that it lives a comfortable life free from thought and worry. Hence it is driven to its slaughtering place preoccupied with its lusts [42] due to the lack of knowledge about the consequences. Man will not procure the same damage done to the animal because of the intensity of the preoccupying thought, and the weakness of the used male organ, and so forth. Had the attainment of what is desired been a virtue, the right of man, who is the pure extract of the world, to it would have not been diminished while making it abundant to the animals. In the augmentation of man’s share of reasoning, knowledge, and cognition is a substitute for that (i.e. animalistic lust).

11. Let him lead his heart through the consequences of Al-Hawaa and contemplate:

  • How many virtues were missed because of his disobedience? And how much Ratheelah (vices) did it make him commit?
  • How many meals became inaccessible because of few meals?
  • How often a pleasure caused the loss of many?
  • How often did a desire break a rank, lower a head, [43] render a good reputation bad, inherit blame, leave behind it humiliation and dishonor that water cannot wash away. Yet, the eye of the follower of Hawaa is blind!

12. The intelligent person should imagine the attainment of his desire, his condition after his wish was fulfilled, what did he miss, and what occurred to him?

“The most excellent of people is the one who does not embark upon a means to accomplish something [44]
Until he distinguishes (the evil,harms) that may be incurred by its consequences.”

13. The intelligent person should really imagine what would the situation of another person be after he fulfills his desire then think of himself as being in the same standing. Indeed, the judgment respect of a thing is the same as respecting the like.

14. He should give a thought as to what his self really demands from him regarding the thing he desires. He should then question his Deen and rationale about it, they will inform him that it is nothing.

‘Abdullaah Ibn Mas’oud [45] said:

If anyone of you admires a woman, let him remember Manatinaha…” [46]

15. He should keep himself far from the humiliation of Al-Hawaa because whenever someone obeys his Hawaa he will sense disgrace within himself. He should not be deceived by the force, assault, and pride of the followers of Al-Hawaa, for they have the most lowly internal character of men; they have mustered both arrogance and humiliation.

16. He should compare the safety of Deen, honor, and property, and rank to the attainment of the desired pleasure. He will not find any suitability whatsoever between them. Thus he should be aware that he is from the most ignorant of men if he would trade this (Deen, honor, property, rank, etc..) for that (i.e. Hawaa).

17. He should keep himself far from being under the subdual of his enemy, the Shaytaan, who, if he sees the ‘Abd in a state of weak determination and motivation and having an inclination towards his Hawaa, he would eagerly hope to overcome and possess him and control him with the bridle of Al-Hawaa leading him wherever he wants. And whenever he senses in him a strong determination, self-honor, and high motivation, he would not hope to get hold of him except secretly and by the way of deceit or circumvention. [47]

18. He should realize that Al-Hawaa does not associate with any affair except that it corrupts it. If it gets to the knowledge, it causes him to go to Bid’ah and Dhalaalah [48] and its follower will become from amongst Ahlul Ahwaa’ [49] If it affects Al-Zuhd [50], it will lead its adherent to Ar-Riyaa’ [51] and to stand in opposition to As-Sunnah.[52] If it gets in a legal judgment, it leads its follower to injustice and hinders him from the truth. If it gets to the division of Al-Qismah,[53] it changes from a just into an unjust division. If it gets to the decisions of Wilaayah [54] and ‘Azl [55] it leads its adherent to commit treason against Allaah  (سبحانه و تعالى) and against the Muslims whereby he puts in charge or removes from duty according to his Hawaa. If it enters into worship it will deviate him from obedience and means of closeness [to Allaah]. Thus it associates not with anything but renders it corrupt.

19. He should realize that there is no way for the Shaytaan to come in upon the son of Adam except from the gate of his Hawaa. He goes around him trying to find how to invade him so that he renders his heart and deeds corrupt. The only means of entrance he finds is that of Al-Hawaa, and so he creeps along with it like poison creeping in the body.

20. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) has made Al-Hawaa an opposite to what He has revealed to His Messenger. He has made its following directly opposite to the following of His Messengers, and He classified mankind into two groups: The followers of Revelation and the followers of Al-Hawaa, And this is found in many places in the Qur’aan, as in His saying:

فَإِن لَّمْ يَسْتَجِيبُوا لَكَ فَاعْلَمْ أَنَّمَا يَتَّبِعُونَ أَهْوَاءَهُمْ

And if they answer you not (i.e. do not follow the doctrine of Tawheed, nor follow you), then know that they only follow Ahwaa’ahum (i.e. their evil inclinations: lust, desire, etc.) [Qur’aan, Soorat AI-Qasas, 28:50].

وَلَن تَرْضَىٰ عَنكَ الْيَهُودُ وَلَا النَّصَارَىٰ حَتَّىٰ تَتَّبِعَ مِلَّتَهُمْ ۗ قُلْ إِنَّ هُدَى اللَّهِ هُوَ الْهُدَىٰ

And if you [O Muhammad] were to follow their [Jews and Christians] desires after what you have received of Knowledge (i.e. Qur’aan), then you would find neither a Waliy [protector or guardian] nor any helper against Allaah. [Qur’aan, Soorat Ai-Baqarah. 2-120].

And there are other Aayaat of similar meaning.

21. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) likened the followers of Al-Hawaa to the most contemptible animals in form and in concept. Sometimes He compared them to a dog, as in His saying:

وَلَٰكِنَّهُ أَخْلَدَ إِلَى الْأَرْضِ وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ ۚ فَمَثَلُهُ كَمَثَلِ الْكَلْبِ إِن تَحْمِلْ عَلَيْهِ يَلْهَثْ أَوْ تَتْرُكْهُ يَلْهَث

But he clung to the earth and followed his own vain desires. So his description is the description of a dog: If you drive him away, he lolls his tongue out, or if you leave him alone, he [still] lolls his tongue out. [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-‘Araaf, 7:176].

Sometimes He compared them to wild donkeys:

كَأَنَّهُمْ حُمُرٌ مُّسْتَنفِرَةٌ
فَرَّتْ مِن قَسْوَرَةٍ

As if they were frightened [wild] donkeys. Fleeing from a hunter, or a lion, Or a beast Of prey. [Qur’aan, Soorat At-Muddaththir, 74:50-51].

Sometimes He changed their forms into that of monkeys and pigs.

22. The one who follows Al-Hawaa neither deserves to be obeyed, nor to be an Imaam or to be followed, because Allaah removed him away from Imaamah (leading as an Imaam) and forbade obedience to him. As to his removal, it is because Allaah said to His Khaleel [56] Ibraaheem:

إِنِّي جَاعِلُكَ لِلنَّاسِ إِمَامًا ۖ قَالَ وَمِن ذُرِّيَّتِي ۖ قَالَ لَا يَنَالُ عَهْدِي الظَّالِمِينَ

“Verily, I am going to make you a leader [Prophet] of mankind.” [Ibraaheem] said: “And of my offspring [to make leaders].” [Allaah] said: “My Covenant includes not Ath-Thaalimeen (polythe’ists and wrong-doers).” [Qur’aan Soorat Al-Baqarah, 2:124).

Which means that “My Covenant regarding Imaamah (Prophethood, leadership, etc.) does not include a Thaalim (polytheist and wrongdoer}.” Anyone who follows his Hawaa is a Thaalim as Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

بَلِ اتَّبَعَ الَّذِينَ ظَلَمُوا أَهْوَاءَهُم بِغَيْرِ عِلْمٍ

Nay, but those who do wrong follow their own Ahwaa’ahum Without knowledge. [Qur’aan, Soorat Ar-Room, 30:29].

The prohibition to obey the follower of Al-Hawaa because of Allaah’s (سبحانه و تعالى) saying:

وَلَا تُطِعْ مَنْ أَغْفَلْنَا قَلْبَهُ عَن ذِكْرِنَا وَاتَّبَعَ هَوَاهُ وَكَانَ أَمْرُهُ فُرُطًا

And obey not him whose heart We have made heedless of Our Remembrance, one who followed his Hawaa and whose affair [deeds] has been lost. [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Kahf, 18:28],

23. Allaah has made the one who follows Al-Hawaa at the same rank as that of the image-worshipper. He said in two places of His Book:

أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ

Have you [O Muhammad] seen him who has taken as his Ilaah [god] his own Hawaa? [57] {Qur’aan,Soorat Al-Furqaan, 25:43].

Al-Hasan [58] commented: “He is the hypocrite; there is nothing that he desires except that he follows it.”

He also said: “The hypocrite is a slave of his Hawaa: there is nothing that he desires except that he commits it.”

24. Verily, Al-Hawaa is the Hithaar [59] of Hell-Fire which surrounds it, he who walks across it will fall in Hell, just as the Prophet  (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said in the hadeeth reported in As-Saheehain:

“Al-Jannah is surrounded by all kinds of disliked and undesirable things, while the Fire (Hell) is surrounded by all kinds of desires and passions.” [60]

And in the “Sunan” of At-Tirmithee in the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah which he attributed to the Prophet  (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) [he said]:

“When Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) created Al-Jannah and An-Naar [the (Hell) Fire], He send Jibreel to Al-Jannah and said: Go and look at it and at what I have prepared therein for its people. He went and looked at it and at what Allaah has prepared therein for its people, then came to Him and said: By Your Might, no one who hears of it will fail to enter it. He gave an order respecting it, and accordingly it was surrounded with undesirable things, and said [to Jibreel]: Go and look at it and at [the things] which I have prepared therein for its people. He went and looked at it, and found that it was surrounded with disliked and undesirable things, then came to Him and said: By Your Might, I am afraid that no one will enter it.

He, [Allaah] then said: Go to An-Naar and look at it and at [the things] which I have prepared therein for its people. [He went] and found that it was heaped up, one part upon another, then he came to Him and said: By Your Might, no one who hears of it will enter it. He gave a command respecting it, and it was surrounded with desirable things and passions and then said: Go back to it. He went and said: By Your Might, I am afraid that no one will remain who does not enter it.” [61]

25. It is feared that he who follows Al-Hawaa may become altogether detached from Eemaan (Faith) while being unaware. In fact, it has been confirmed that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

None of you is a true believer until his Hawaa is in accordance with what I have brought forth. ” [62]

The most dreadful thing I fear in regard to you is the seductive lusts in your bellies and in your private parts, and the misleading ways of Al-Hawaa” [63]

26. The following of Al-Hawaa is from the destructive sins. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Three [things} lead to safety and three cause destruction. Those that lead to safety are: fearing Allaah in secrecy and in the open, uttering the truth at times of satisfaction and anger, and moderation at times of poverty and wealth. As to the [three] that cause destruction, they are: the Hawaa being followed, niggardliness being obeyed, and conceitedness.” [64]

27. The opposing of Al-Hawaa inherits strength in the heart, tongue and body of [Allaah’s] ‘Abd. Some of As-Salaf (righteous predecessors) said: “The one who overcomes his Hawaa is like him who conquers a city by himself.” And in the authentic hadeeth attributed to the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) :

“The strong is not the one who overcomes the people by his strength, but the strong is the one who controls himself-while in anger.” [65]

Whenever he trains himself on opposing his Hawaa, he would gain additional strength to his own.

28. The most enriched in Al-Muroo’ah of the people is him who has the strongest opposition to his Hawaa. Mu’aawiyah [66] said:

Al-Muroo’ah is the abandonment of desires and passions, and the disobedience of Al-Hawaa. The following of Al-Hawaa weakens the Al-Muroo’ah, and its opposition strengthen it.”

29. There isn’t a day that passes except that Al-Hawaa and the mind fight within its follower. Whoever of them overpowers its master, it will expel the other and take full control; and the decision will be its. Abu Ad-Dardaa’ [67] said:

“When a man wakes up, both his Hawaa and deeds meet; if his deeds are in accordance with his Hawaa, then his day is an evil one; and if his Hawaa is pursuant to his deeds, then his day is a good one.”

30. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) has made the wrong and the following of Al-Hawaa .associates of each other, and has made the right and the opposition of Al-Hawaa as associates. As some of As-Salaf said:

“If two affairs were dubious to you and you don’t know which one is right, then oppose the one close to your Hawaa for it is more likely that error is committed when Al-Hawaa is being pursued.”

31. Al-Hawaa is a disease and its remedy is in opposing it. Some learned men said:

“If you wish, I will inform you of your illness, and if you wish I will tell you of your remedy: Your disease is your Hawaa, and your treatment is to abandon and oppose it.” Bishr Al-Haafee, [68]  “All kinds of affliction are manifested in your Hawaa, and the complete healing is in your opposition of it.”

32. The Jihaad against Al-Hawaa, if it is not more important than the Jihaad against the Kuffaar, certainly it is not less in importance. A man told Al-Hasan Al Basree “O Abaa Sa’eed! What kind of Jihaad is the best? He said: “It is the Jihaad of your Hawaa” I heard my Shaykh [69] saying: “The Jihaad against one’s self and against Al-Hawaa constitutes the basis for the Jihaad against the Kuffaar and the Munaafiqeen (hypocrites), because one is unable to make Jihaad against them until he makes Jihaad against himself and his Hawaa first, so that he can go out to [confront] them.”

33. Al-Hawaa is Takhleel (disorder and confusion of the intellect) and opposing it is Himiyyah [70] It is feared for the one who became excessive in Takhleet and retired himself from Al-Himiyyah, that his disease [mental sickness] may cause him to fall in a state of Sara’.[71] ‘Abdul Malik Ibn Quraib [72] said: “I passed by a bedouin who was suffering from an intensive inflammation in his eyes and his tears were shedding on his cheeks. I said: “Why don’t you wipe off your eyes?”

He said: “The doctor prevented me from doing this, and there is no good in him who if urged to refrain [from doing something wrong] does not abstain, and if he is being commanded [to do something good] does not comply.” I said then: “Would you like something?” He said: “Yes! But I am in a state of Hitniyyah; the lusts of the people of [Hell] Fire overcame their Himiyyah, and thus they were destroyed.”

34. The pursuing of Al-Hawaa renders the doors of success closed for the ‘Abd, and opens for him the doors of failure. So you see him often repeating the [following statement]: “Had Allaah bestowed His success, then it [the affair] would have been as such and such,” while in fact he barred himself from the ways of success by pursuing his Hawaa. Al-Fudayyl Bin ‘lyaad [73] said; “Whoever has been overtaken by his Hawaa and by the following of lusts, the sources of success will be severed from him.”

One of the scholars said: “Al-Kufr [74] originates from four things: anger, lust, hope, and fear.” He then added, “I have seen two of them manifested: a man who got angry and then killed his mother, and another who fell in love and became a Christian…”

35. The one who stands by his Hawaa, his intelligence and mental perception will become corrupt because he acted unfaithfully towards Allaah in his mind and, consequently, Allaah perverted it for him. This is the way He deals with anyone who betrays Him in any affair: He renders it in a bad state for him.

36. The one who broadens for his self the scope of pursuing Al-Hawaa, will put it under restriction in his grave and on the Day of his Return, The one who restrains it by opposing Al-Hawaa, brings ease upon it in his grave and on the Day of his Return. Allaah pointed to this in His saying:

And their recompense shall be Al-Jannah and silken garments, because they were patient. [Qur’aan: Soorat Al-lnsaan, 76:12],

Since patience, which is holding oneself from pursuing Al-Hawaa, includes harshness and restrictions, accordingly Allaah will recompense them with the smoothness of silk and the wideness of Al-Jannah, Abu Sulaimaan Ad Daaraanee [75] commented on the above Aayah:

“Allaah shall recompense them for taking patience against lusts.”

37. The following of Al-Hawaa throws down the ‘Abd preventing him to stand up and walk with those saved on the Day of Resurrection, just like when his heart fell [in a state of Sara’] in this life which kept him from their company. Muhammad Bin Abee Al-Ward said:

“There is one of Allaah’s days when no one who pursues his Hawaa shall be saved of its evil. The slowest in his ability to stand up amongst those thrown down on the Day of the Resurrection is the one whose thrown in a state of Sara’ by his lusts…”

38. The pursuing of Al-Hawaa breaks up and weakens one’s resolution, and opposing [Al-Hawaa] solidifies and strengthens it. Resolution is the thing upon which one rides upon in his journey to Allaah and the Last Day. If that which is ridden became inactive, the traveler would almost be disabled to proceed in his journey.

Yahyaa Bin Mu’aath [77] was asked: “Who is most sound in resolution of men?” He answered: “The one who overcomes his Hawaa”

39. The parable of the one who follows his own whim is like that who rides on a tough, strong-tempered, Jamooh [78] horse without a bridle, about to be thrown down by his horse during its run or it would lead him to his death. A learned man said: “The most rapid means to ride onto Al-Jannnah is the Zuhd respecting this life, and the most rapid means to get on to An-Naar is the love of lusts. And him who boards his Hawaa, it will hastily take him to the valley of perdition.” Another said: “The most endowed with honor of the scholars is the one who flees with his Deen from this Dunya [79] and who is hard to be led to follow Al-Hawaa.” ‘Ataa’ [80] said: “The one whose Hawaa overtakes his rationale causing him to become affected with grief and agitation because of lacking the strength to be patient, would be put to shame.”

40. The Tawheed and the following of Al-Hawaa are two contrary matters: because Al-Hawaa is an idol, and each ‘Abd has an idol in his heart, the magnitude of which depends upon his Hawaa; Rather, Allaah sent His Messengers to destroy the idols and to call for His worship Alone, having no partners or associates. Nay, Allaah’s intent is not just to demolish the corporeal images and leave the images imbedded in the heart, but rather to destroy those in the heart first.

Al-Hasan Bin ‘AH Al-Muttawwi’ee [81] said:

“The idol of each person is his Hawaa, he who breaks it by the way of opposition deserves the title of honourableness.”

Just contemplate about the saying of AlKhaleel (Ibraaheem to his people [as Allaah said]:

مَا هَٰذِهِ التَّمَاثِيلُ الَّتِي أَنتُمْ لَهَا عَاكِفُونَ

What Are these images, to which you are devoted? [Qur’aan,Soorat Al-Anbiyaa’, 21:52],

and you will certainly find it identical to those images which the heart likes and devotes itself to and worships it besides Allaah. He, Allaah, said:

أَرَأَيْتَ مَنِ اتَّخَذَ إِلَٰهَهُ هَوَاهُ أَفَأَنتَ تَكُونُ عَلَيْهِ وَكِيلًا
أَمْ تَحْسَبُ أَنَّ أَكْثَرَهُمْ يَسْمَعُونَ أَوْ يَعْقِلُونَ ۚ إِنْ هُمْ إِلَّا كَالْأَنْعَامِ ۖ بَلْ هُمْ أَضَلُّ سَبِيلًا

Have you [O Muhammad] seen him who has taken his illaah (god) as his own desire? Would you be then a Wakeel [a protecting guide] over him? Or do you think that most of them hear or understand? They are only like cattle. Nay, they are even farther astray from the Path [i.e. even worst than Cattle] [Qur’aan, Soorat Al-Furqaan, 25:43-44].

41. Opposing Al-Hawaa is the means to drive away diseases from the heart and from the body, and its following brings forth diseases to the heart and to the body. Heart diseases are all from following of Al-Hawaa. If you search for the causes behind diseases of the body, you will find that most of it are because of preferring Al-Hawaa over what should be abandoned.

42. The origin for the enmity, evil, and envy that occurs between people is from the following of Al-Hawaa. The one who opposes his Hawaa relieves his heart, body, and limbs, putting himself to ease and thus relieves others. Abu Bakr Al-Warraaq [83] said:

“When the Hawaa prevails, the heart turns dark and when it does so, the breast becomes straitened and when that happens, the moral character deteriorates and consequently people will hate him and he will hate them. Then think of the evil, enmity, neglect of rights, etc. that arise from this mutual hatred!”

43. Allaah has created in man an intellect and a Hawaa; whichever of the two becomes manifest, the other will hide, as Abu ‘Ali Ath- Thaqafee said;

“Whoever is overcome by his Hawaa, his intellect will be hidden from him. So, look at the end of him whose intellect is masked from him and became overpowered by something else.”

‘Ali Bin Sahl [84] said:

“The intellect and Al-Hawaa are in conflict. Success is the associate of the intellect and defeat is the associate of Al-Hawaa. The self stands between both; whichever of the two prevails, the self will side with it.”

44. Allaah has made the heart the king of the limbs and the place of the origination of knowledge, love, and ‘Uboodiyyah of Him. He tested him with two kinds of authority, two armies, two aids, and two sets of preparations. The truth, Zuhd, and guidance is one authority. Its aids are the angels, and its army is truthfulness and sincerity, and its preparation is in avoiding Al-Hawaa. The other authority is falsehood. Its aids are the Shayaateen and its troops and the preparation is the following of Al-Hawaa. The self stands between the two armies. The army of falsehood will have access to the heart only from its direction and frontier breaches, for it pervades the heart and aligns itself with its enemy against it (the heart) and thus the calamity will overtake it. It is the self, therefore, that offers its enemy from its own preparations, and opens for him the gate of the city and thus he enters and takes full control, and the heart takes the defeat.

45. The worst of enemies to man is his Shaytaan and his Hawaa, and the best friend he has is his intellect and his associate angel who gives him advice. If he follows his Hawaa, he gives his hand in surrender to his enemy, submitting himself as a captive to him, making him [the enemy] rejoice at his affliction, and causing displeasure to his friends and supporters. These are precisely the difficult moments of a calamity, wretchedness, the manifested divine decree of an evil ending, and the malicious joy of enemies. [86]

46. Each ‘Abd has a beginning and an end. He whose start is the following of AlHawaa, shall end up in a state of disgrace, humiliation, bereavement, and trials. What is being followed commensurate with the [‘Abd’s] degree of dependency upon his Hawaa. Rather, at the end, the followed turns to a suffering that agonizes him in his heart as one poet put it:

“Desires that were, at the age of youthfulness, sweet to those who wished
then, became a suffering at Al-Masheeb (an old age)” [87]

If you contemplate about the case of everyone who is in a bad and miserable state, you would find that it began with him embracing his Hawaa and giving it preference over his intellect. Anyone who begins by opposing his Hawaa and obeying the call of his Rushd,[88] his end will be that of honor, might, richness, and high rank before Allaah and before the people. Abu ‘Ali Ad-Daqqaaq89 said: “The one who controls his lust in his youthfulness, Allaah will honor him when he is in his age of maturity.” AlMuhallab Bin Abee Sufrah90 was asked: “How did you attain this status of yours? He said: “Through firm obedience and rebellion against Al-Hawaa.”

So these are the situations regarding the stand against Al-Hawaa in the beginning and in the end of one’s life in this world. With respect to the Hereafter, however, Allaah has made Al-Jannah the end for him who opposed his Hawaa and An-Naar the end for the one who followed his Hawaa [91]

47. Al-Hawaa is slavery to the heart, an iron chain round the neck, and a fetter to the leg. Its follower is a captive to everyone with a bad character. Thus whoever opposes it, liberates himself from slavery and becomes free, and takes off the chain round his neck and becomes in a state similar to that of a man belonging entirely to one master after belonging to many partners disputing one another.[92]

48. Opposing Al-Hawaa puts the ‘Abd in the rank of the one whose oath Allaah fulfills. The goals that He will accomplish for him will be many-fold that which he was unable to attain as a result of neglecting his Hawaa. He is like the one who relinquished a Ba’arah and was given a pearl as a compensation for it.

Whatever he is able to gain from the way of following Al-Hawaa is incomparable with what he looses from present and future benefits and from good living. So try to comprehend the stretching forth of the hand of Yoosuf, theSiddeeq95 in expenditure, the unconstriction with his tongue, the establishment of his feet [in power], and the rejoice that touched him after he came out of the jail because he restrained himself from the Haraam [unlawful].

49. Opposing Al-Hawaa entitles the honor in this world and in the Hereafter and self-esteem, outwardly and inwardly. Following it, however, lowers the rank of the ‘Abd in this life and in the Hereafter and humiliates him, outwardly and inwardly. When Allaah gathers mankind on one plane [on the Day of Resurrection], an announcer will call, “This day the people of generosity will be distinguished from those who amassed wealth. Now let the pious stand.” [97] They will stand and walk toward the place of honor while the followers of Al-Hawaa bending their heads down before Allaah] in the Mawqif [98] amidst the “heat of AI-Hawaa” its sweat and its suffering. The others [the pious] will be in the shade of the ‘Arsh. [99]

50. If you contemplate about the seven whom Allaah will shade in the shade of His ‘Arsh wherein there is no shade but His,[100] you will find that they deserved that shade because of their opposition to Al-Hawaa. Indeed the Imaam having authority and power will not be able to establish justice except by opposing his Hawaa. And with respect to the youth who prefers the sincere worship of Allaah over the urge of his youthfulness, had it not been for the opposition of his Hawaa, he would not be able to accomplish this state of worship. As to the person whose heart is attached to the mosques, the thing that drove him to this condition is the opposition of Al-Hawaa which invites him to the places of lusts. Concerning the person who gives charitable gifts secretly so that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given, had it not been for his subduing of his Hawaa, he would have not been able to attain this state.

And the person who was invited by a charming woman of noble birth [to have illegal sexual intercourse with her], feared Allaah and opposed his Hawaa. As to the one who remembers Allaah in seclusion and his eyes becomes flooded with tears for fearing Him, the thing that made him reach this state is the opposing of his Hawaa. Consequently, they were saved from being affected by the intense heat of the Al-Mawqif on the Day of Resurrection and the sweating therein. The people [adhering to] Al-Hawaa will experience the utmost degree of intense heat and sweating while they are still waiting to enter the “Prison of Al-Hawaa” Allaah is the One to be petitioned to grant us protection from the Ahwaa’ (Sing. Hawaa) of ourselves which are inclined to evil, and that He makes our Hawaa in accordance with what He loves and is acceptable to Him. He has power over all things, and He is most worthy of answering our petition.

Footnotes:

[34] Ash-Sha’bee, ‘Aamir Bin Sharaaheel, Abu ‘Amr Al-Hamadaanee (21 (or 28)-105/642(650)- 724), the Imaam, trustworthy, and renowned Faqeeh (jurist). He met Ali Ibn Abee Taalib & and prayed behind him. He reported Ahaadeeth from Sa’d Ali Abee Waqaas, Abu Hurairah, Abee Sa’eed, ‘Aa’ishah, Ibn ‘Umar and others from the Sahaabah (radi Allaahu anhum)

[35] Muroo’ah: Moral goodness, comprising all virtues, especially manliness, valor, generosity, sense of honor, etc.

[36] The winner in the struggle between the call for prohibition by Muroo’ah, religion, or rationalism and the self’s inclination

[37] Imaam Ash-Shaafl’ee: (150/767-204/820): Muhammad Ibn Idrees Ash-Shaaf’ee, was born in Ghazza, Palestine, and traveled to Al-Madeenah in his youth to study under Imaam Maalik. He also studied in ‘Iraaq under Imaam Muhammad Ibn al-Hassan, the famous student of Imaam Abu Haneefah. Imaam Ash-Shaafi’ee holds the distinction of being the first Imaam to systematize the principles of Islaamic Law or Fiqh (Jurisprudence).

[38] Al-Jimaa‘: Legal sexual intercourse between a man and his wife.

[39] Islaam prohibits all forms of intoxication. The evil associated with alcoholic drinks is much greater than the little enjoyment that may be felt by few drinks. In fact the few drinks demand more of it until the person feels high. Then the demand grows to reach a state higher than with his first one. Addiction slowly creeps to destroy the drinker’s life and in many cases his family. Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

They ask you [O Muhammad صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم] concerning alcoholic drink and gambling. Say: “In them is a great sin, and [some] benefit for men, but the sin of them is greater than their benefit.” [Qur’aan,SooratAl-Baqarah, 2:219].

[40] Rayn: Much dirtiness from rust, or simply, dirt, filth, etc.

[41] ‘Iffah: Abstinence from what is unlawful and base, virtuousness and decency.

[42] Eating, drinking, etc

[43] By reason of abasement

[44] And then regrets it.

[45] ‘Abdullaah Bin Mas’oud, the honorable companion who accepted Islaam early when Faatimah (the daughter of ‘Umar Ibn Al-Khattaab radiAllaahu anhu) and her husband became Muslims. He was the first to openly recite the Qur’aan in Makkah. The Mushrikeen harmed him for his recitation. He prayed to the first Qiblah (Al-Quds, Jerusalem) and to the second and last Qiblah (Makkah). He migrated twice, once to Abyssinia (the first migration) and the second to Al-Madeenah. He attended the battle of Badr, Uhud and all the other confrontations with the Mushrikeen. The Khaleefah ‘Umar Ibn AI-Khattaab assigned him to teach Islaam to the people of Al-Khoofah in ‘Iraaq. Later ‘Uthmaan (radiAllaahu anhu) called him to Al-Madeenah where he died in the year 32/654. He was known for his great knowledge in Qur’aan and its Tafseer. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) attested to ‘Abdullaah’s knowledge.

[46] That is when he is inclined by his desire and lust to indulge in an unlawful act with her, let him remember something that may turn off his desire, like manatinaha: all forms of her menses and the odor associated with that. [I asked Shaykh Muhammad Bin Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen about this explanation of Ibn Mas’oud’s saying and, alhamdulilaah, he affirmed it.]

[47] Especially at times of unawareness. ‘Abdullaah Bin Mas’oud said: “You are at a time when the truth leads Al-Hawaa and there shall come a time when Al-Hawaa will lead the truth. So, we seek refuge in Allaah from that time to come.” [See Al-Jaami’ li Ahkaam Al-Qur ‘aan by Al-Qurtubee (Beirut, Lebanon: Daarul-Kutub Al-Ilmiyyah, 1413/1993), V. 19, p. 135.]

[48] Deviation from the right path.

[49] Ahlul-Ahwaa’ (The People of Corrupt Desires): The people who follow concepts of belief and methodologies of understanding and practices deviating from the right path, or from the truth, thus following their [corrupt] desires. [Some of their qualities are presented in the Appendix],

[50] Zuhd: To lead a pious life devoted to Allaah taking the least that is sufficient of the lawful things of life. It does not mean to abandon lawful means of earning, property, children, etc., nor exaggerating in performing acts of worship. [See a discussion on this subject in the Appendix],

[51] Ar-Riyaa’: Showing off, and not doing an action solely for the sake of Allaah.

[52] Mystic Sufism adopted ways of Zuhd that stand in direct opposition to the guidance of the Prophet’s Sunnah. [See the Appendix under Zuhd]

[53] Al-Qismah: Generally it refers to the division of property, shares, booties, profits, etc. In the Qur’aan it refers to the division of the deceased’s property in accordance with the laws of inheritance.

[54] Wilaayah: Appointing a person in charge of an office or an authority over a thing (town, district, country, province or the like).

[55] ‘Azl: Removal of someone from his office or exercise of authority.

[56] Khaleel, i.e. Allaah’s Khaleel: The one whom Allaah has distinguished by love and honor. Ibraaheem Al-Khaleel is Prophet Ibraaheem whom, like Prophet Muhammad (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) Allaah has distinguished by love and honor.

[57] The other place is in Soorat Al-Jaathiyah 45, Aayah 23.

[58] Al-Hasan Al-Basree is Al-Hasan Bin Abee Al-Hasan and his name is Abee Al-Hasan Yisaar Al-Basree Al-Ansaaree, born in Al-Madeenah (21/642). A learned Faqeeh, devout, and respected scholar. He died in Basra in 110/728.

[59] Hithaar: Anything forming a barrier, an obstruction, a partition, or a fence.

[60] An agreed upon hadeeth. [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #494.]

[61] Reported by At-Tirmithee who said that it is “hasan-saheeh”.- It is also reported by An-Nasaa’ee and Abu Daawood. Shaykh Al-Albaanee concluded that it is authentic in Saheeh Al-Jaami’ #5210 and in Mishkaatul Masaabeeh #5696. The terminology “hasan-saheeh ” used by At-Tirmithee refers to one of two situations regarding the hadeeth:

1-That it is reported through one way of narration and there is a disagreement regarding the status of one narrator in the chain: Some consider him sound while others consider him “hasan,”

2-It is reported via two chains of narration, one “Hasan” and the other “saheeh”. (See Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar’s An-Nukal ‘Alaa Nuzhatin-Nalhar fee Tawdeeh Nukhbatul-Fikar (Dammaam, KSA: Daar Ibnul-Jawzee, 1414/1994)], pp. 93-94.

The “hasan” (fine) is itself authentic but does not reach the level of authenticity of the “saheeh”.

[62] Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee, may Allaah protect him, said: The Isnaad (chain of narration) of this hadeeth is weak because of the status of weakness of Nu’aim Bin Hammaad (a narrator). See Shaykh Al-Albaanee’s comments on Al-Tabreezee’s Mishkaatul Masaabeeh [Beirut, Lebanon: AI-Maktab Al-Islaamee, 1405/1985], V. l,p. 59. Al-Haafith Ibn Rajab observed another cause of weakness of this hadeeth in his commentary on An-Nawawee’s authentication of the same hadeeth. [See Ibn Rajab’s Jaami’ Al-‘Uloom wal Hikam (Beirut, Lebanon; Muassasatur-Risaalah, checked by Shu’ayeb Al-Ama’out and Ibraaheem Baajis, 1412/1991], V. 2, p. 394.

[63] Reported by Imaam Ahmad, and Al-Haithamee said: “It was reported by Ahmad, Al-Bazzaar, and At-Tabaraanee in his  Ma’aajim: As-Sagheer, Al-Awsat. and Al-Kabeer, and its narrators are ‘men of Saheeh1 [i.e. generally classified in the category of sound, reliable, or even less. This does not necessarily mean that the rest of conditions required to authenticate the Isnaad (chain of narration), not to mention the hadeeth itself, are usually met.] [See Shaykh Al-Albaanee’s introduction to Saheeh At-Targheeb war Tarheeb by AlMunthiree, pp. 43-50.]

[64] Al-Muhaddith Shaykh Muhammad Naasir-ud-Deen Al-Albaanee said that the hadeeth is hasan. See As~Silsi!ah As-Saheehah, #1802, and Saheeh Al-Jaami’, #3045.

[65] An agreed upon hadeeth, [See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #135.]

[66] Mu’aawiyah is the Sahaabee Sakhr Bin Harb Bin Umayyah Bin ‘Abd Shams Bin ‘Abd Manaaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilaab, Abu’Abdur Rahmaan. The Ameer of Al-Mu’mineen, and the King of Islaam. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“O Allaah! Bestow upon him the knowledge of the Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) and save him from torment.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad in Fadaa ‘il As-Sahaabah, V. 2, p. 913.]

The checker said its Isnaad is hasan because of other narrations]. He also invoked Allaah saying:

“O Allaah! Make of him (i.e. Mu’aawiyah) a guide (to the truth), cause him to be rightly directed, and cause others to be rightly directed by him.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad, V. 5 #17438, and by At-Tirmithee. Al-A!baanee said it is saheeh (see Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee, #3018).] He was one of the Sahaabah who recorded the Revelation.

Contrary to many false reports, Mu’aawiyah did not seek to take over the Khilaafah from ‘Ali Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah, Imaam Ath-Thahabee, AtTabaree, and many other scholars from the Salaf asserted that Mu’aawiyah used to acknowledge that ‘Ali is better than him and that he [Mu’aawiyah] does not deserve the Khilaafah. His position, however, was that he wanted ‘Ali to punish the assassins of ‘Uthmaan^ before he would give his loyalty to him. He thought that he was on the truth regarding this matter. ‘Ali on the other hand, conditioned that Mu’aawiyah must give the pledge of loyalty to him because he was the Khaalefah and that he thought it is wise to wait until he consolidates his power and then seek ‘Uthmaan’s assassins. ‘Ali had nothing to do with the killing of ‘Uthmaan Based upon many authentic narrations and prophecies from the Prophet Ahlus-Sunnah consider to be on the side of the truth.

The fitnah was ignited by a group of dissidents known as As-Saba’iyyah whose leader, ‘Abdullah Bin Saba’, was a Jew who considered ‘Ali to be Allaah incarnate! Most of the Sahaabah kept themselves away from the fitnah and only a few, not exceeding thirty, shared in the fighting between the army of ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyah.

The Islamic rule at the time of Mu’aawiyah’s Kingdom was very strong whereby the Muslims ruled a vast area extending from Khurasaan in the East to the West African coast, and from Cyprus in the Mediterranean to the Yemen in the South. [See Tahqeeq Mawaaqif AsSahaabah Fee Al-Fitnah; Establishing the (True) Position of the Sahaabah During the Fitnah (i.e. Between ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyahby Dr. Muhammad Amakhzoon, V. 2, pp. 93-130, published by Daar Tayebah and Maktabat Al-Khawthar, Riyaadh, KSA, 1415/1994.]

The reason why that I have highlighted some of these important facts is that most of what had been written about this fitnah is either a) fully historical and not authenticated, b) compiled by orientalists, or c) promoting baseless accounts by the Raafidhah (the rejectionists of the Shee ‘ah). The fully documented and authenticated reports from the Muhadditheen regarding the fitnah gave us the true positions of the Sahaabah regarding this matter. An excellent source is Al- ‘Awaasim Minal Qawaasim by Abu Bakr Bin ‘Al-Arabi AI-Maalikee (not the infamous mystic Sufi Ibn ‘Arabi) with commentary by Muhib-ed-Deen AI-Khateeb, 5th edition, Maktabat AsSunnah, Cairo, 1408. See also Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #257. And Allaah knows best.

[67] Abu Ad-Dardaa’ is ‘Uwaymir Bin Zayed (or Bin ‘Aamir, or Bin ‘Abdullaah) Bin Qays, the Judge of Damascus, and one of the Sahaabah; the master of Qur’aanic recitation in Damascus before and during the Khilaafah of Uthmaan . He is known as the Hakeem (the wise man) of this Ummah. He was from the few amongst the Sahaabah who collected the Noble Qur’aan. He reported one hundred and ninety seven Ahaadeeth. It is reported that he died in the year 32 of Hijrah/652. [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #172.]

[68] Bishr Al-Haafee is Bishr Bin Al-Haarith Bin ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Ataa’ Bin Hilaal AI-Marwazee, the renowned, righteous, and trustworthy. A resident of Baghdaad. He died in 227/840 at an age of seventy six. [See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb by Al-Haqfith Ibn Hajar, p. 168, checked by Abul Ashbaal Sagheer Ahmad Shaaghif AlPakistani, Daar AI-‘Aasimah, Riyaadh, KSA, I416.]

[69] Referring to Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah.

[70] Himiyyah: Guarding, prelecting, and absenting from what is harmful. In case of sickness it means, abstaining from things [including food] that are injurious.

[71] Sara‘: A well known state arising, in some cases, from mental disorder whereby the person falls to the ground in a state that resembles madness.

[72] ‘Abdul Maalik Bin Quraib Bin ‘Abdul Maalik Bin ‘Ali Bin Asmaa’, Abu Sa’eed Al-Baahilee, Al-Asma’ee, Al-Basree. A truthful Sim-nee; died in the 16th year of Hijrah and others said differently. He lived close to ninety years of age. [See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, p. 626.]

[73] AI-Fudayyl Bin ‘lyaad Bin Mas’oud At-Tameemee, Abu ‘All, the renowned, trustworthy, and an Imaam who devoted himself to the worship of Allaah. Originally from Khurasaan (a province in NE Iran). He became a resident of Makkaah and died in 187/803, or earlier. [See Taqreeb At-Tahlheeb, p. 786.]

[74] Al-Kufr here includes disbelief and Kufr which means ingratitude, being ungrateful for Allaah’s Ni ‘mah (Favour or Blessing).

[75] Abu Sulaimaan Ad-Daaraanee is ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin Ahmad (or it is said ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Atiyyah) born around 140/758. A great Imaam and the great Zaahid (see below) of his times. He related the hadeeth from Suiyaan Ath-Thawree and others. As safa (see below) who died in the year 215/831 or 205/821. [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa’by Imaam Ath-Thahabee, V. 1, #1592.]

[76] Muhammad Bin Abee Al-Ward, is Muhammad Bin Muhammad Bin’Eesa Bin ‘Abdur Rahmaan Bin ‘Abdus Samad Abul Hasan, known as Ibn Abee Al-Ward. He died in 263/847. See Ibnul Jawzee’s Safwat As-Sajwah [Cairo, Egypt: Daar As-Safa(lst edition) 1411/1990], V. 1, #281, p. 570.

[77] Yahya Bin Mu’aath Ar-Raazi, the Zaahid, the wise and the admonisher of his times. He died in Naisapoor in the year 258/872.

[See Tahiheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #2247 and Ath-Thahabbe’s Al-‘Ibar Fee Khabar Man Ghabar, V.I, p. 371, published by DaarAl-Kutub Al-‘Ilmiyyah, Beirut, Lebanon.]

Note:

He is considered a Sufi in the context of the early practice of sufism in which some of its followers were mostly interested in leading a pious life of Zuhd (an abstemious way of life), patience, clemency, sincerity, truthfulness, etc.. Overall they were close to the teachings of the Qur’aan and Sunnah, although some of them exaggerated and (or) introduced innovated forms of worship and concepts. [See Majmoo’ Fataawaa Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah, 10:366-367, and Ibnul Jawzee in Talbees Iblees, p. 156.]

Historically the process started in Basra, ‘Iraaq by the time when the majority of Taabi’ee (the followers of) At-Taabi’een passed away (Ibid, 10:358). Many of them used to wear woollen (suf) clothing a sign of disassociation from the wordly life. The first to establish a “house for the sufiyyah” was a man by the name of ‘Abdul Waahid Bin Zayed (Ibid, 10:359). In their works there is a blend of truth and falsehood. The majority of the scholars, including Imaam Shaafi’ee, Ahmad, Maalik, and others from Ahl-ul-Hadeeth, criticized their ways especially their so-called Samoa‘ [singing aimed to stimulating a state of Wajd (ecstasy)] and excessive worship. Whatever opposes the Qur’aan and Sunnah and the way of the Salafis to be rejected and whatever is in agreement is accepted because it is not innovated. The acceptance is not an approval of the terminology or the essence of Sufism in any of its stages. It remains to be remembered that it is not true that every pious and Zaahid Muslim is necessarily a Sufi. The Zuhaad (Sing. Zaahid) of the later times were more influenced by scholastic theology (Ilm Al-Kalaam) which began to creep into the Ummah following the translations of many of the philosophical concepts of the Hindus, Greeks, Romans, and Persians (Ibid, 10:367). Consequently, they deviated from the way of the Sahaabah and their followers from At-Taabi’een (Ibid, 10:358;366-367). It is known that Zuhd practices developed into organized forms of hunger, poverty, self-strive, seclusion, sleeplessness, wandering, handclapping, dancing, going to the markets in strange ways, abandoning the interest in hadeeth knowledge, and other extremes. Sufism further developed into a school of mysticism and corrupt creed and methodology. [See Talbees Iblees, pp. 156-165, published by Maktabat-ul Qur’aan, Cairo, Egypt.]

[78] Jamooh: A horse is called Jamooh when it overcomes its rider and runs away so as to be ungovernable by him.

[79] The life of this world with its temptations and means of seduction.

[80] ‘Ataa’ Bin Yasaar Al-Hilaalee, Abu Muhammad Al-Mudanee. A trustworthy and honourable Taab ‘iee known for his worship and admonitions. He died in the year 94/713 (or after). See Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, p. 679, #4638.

[8l] AI-Hasan Bin ‘Ali Al-Muttawwi’ee: Within my resources, I didn’t find a biographical history for him.

[82] Abu Bakr Muhammad Bin ‘Umar Bin’Ali Bin Khalaf Bin Zanboor, known as AI-Hakeem (The wise man). Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee said: “He was weak (in terms of Hadeeth transmission)”. He died in Baghdaad in 396/1006. [See Ibnul Jawzee’s Safawt AsSafwah, V.2, pp.351-352, #707. See also Al-‘/barbyAth-Thahabee, V.2, p. 189.]

[83] Abu ‘Ali Ath-Thaqafee is Muhammad Bin ‘Abd Al-Wahaab An-Naisapoori. He was an Imaam in most of the Islaamic disciplines, Muhaddith, Faqeeh, and an admonisher. According to Ash-Sha’raanee, he abandoned most of his knowledge and engaged in the “Sufi knowledge”! (Tabaqaat-M(Ftn.l6Q), 1:107). He died in 328/940. [See Al- ‘Ibar, V. 2, p. 3, and Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 2, #2996.]

[84] ‘Ali Bin Sahl Bin Al-‘Abbaas, the Imaam, Mufassir (scholar of Tafseer), the Zaahid, known for his devotion in worship. He died in 491/1098. [See Al-Muntakhab min Kitaab As-Siyaaq litaareekh Naisapoor, by Al-Haafith Taqyee-ed Deen As-Sayyzafeenee, p. 431, #1337. Published by Al-Maktabah At-Tijaariyyah, Makkah.]

“The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“There is none amongst you with whom is not an companion from amongst the jinn [devils]. They [the Sahaabah] said: “Allaah’s Messenger, with you too?” Thereupon he said: “Yes, but Allaah helps me against him and as such he surrendered [to Allaah in Islaam] and commands me not except for good. “

[Reported by Muslim. See Saheeh Muslim, V. 4, Hadeeth #6757.] In another narration by Muslim and Ahmad, the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)  said:

“There is none amongst you with whom there is not an companion from amongst the jinn [devils] and an attache from amongst the angels.”

This companion from the angels may be different from those assigned by Allaah to write the record of deeds of the children of Adam. [See Al-Ashqar’s book ‘Aalam Al-Malaa’ikah AlAbraar (Kuwait, State of Kuwait: Maktabat Al-Falaah and Daar An-Nafaa’is, 1411/1991), p. 44.]

[86] These are the moments of difficulty which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) used to seek refuge with Allaah from: Abu Huraira narrated that:

“he Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) used to seek refuge with Allaah from the difficult moments of calamity and from being overtaken by Ash-Shaqaa’ (wretchedness in the Hereafter or destruction etc.) and from being destined to an evil end, and from the malicious joy of enemies.”

Sufyaan (Bin ‘Uyainah) said: “This narration contained three items only, but I added one. I do not know which one that was.”[Reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, and An-Nasaa’ee. See Saheeh Al-Bukhaaree, V. 8, Hadeeth #358.]

[87] Al-Masheeb: The period of whiteness of the hair, or hoariness.

[88] Rushd: Maturity of intellect enabling the person lo follow a right course of action and providing a good management of affairs.

[89] Abu ‘Ali Ad-Daqqaaq is Al-Hasan Bin ‘Ali Bin Muhammad Bin Ishaaq Bin ‘Abdur Raheem Bin Ahmad, a Zaahid Sufi who excelled in fiqh, Islaamic Fundamentals, and Arabic language. According to some reports, he died around 406/1016. See Al-‘Ibar, V. 2, p. 212, and ShatharaatAth-Thahab,V.3,p. 180. Daar Ihyaa’ At-Turaath Al-‘Arabi.

[90] Al-Muhallab Bin Abee Sufrah is Thaalim Ibn Saariq Al-‘Aatakee Al-Azdee, Abu Sa’eed AI-Basree, One of the trustworthy leaders and heroes who was knowledgeable about war plans and strategies. He reported Hadeeth transmissions from ‘Abdullaah Bin ‘Amr Bin Al-‘Aas, Samrah Bin Jundhub, Ibn ‘Umar, Al-Baraa’ Bin ‘Aazib, and others from the Sahaabah [See Tahtheeb Siyar ‘AlaamAn-Nubalaa‘, V. 1, #532, and Taqreeb At-Tahtheeb, #6986.]

[91] Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

فَأَمَّا مَن طَغَىٰ
وَآثَرَ الْحَيَاةَ الدُّنْيَا
فَإِنَّ الْجَحِيمَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

Then, for him who Taghaa [transgressed all bounds, in disbelief, oppression, and evil deeds of disobedience to Allaah], and preferred the life of this world [by following his evil desires and lusts], verily, his abode will be Hell-Fire. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Naazi’aal, 79:37-39).

He also said:

وَأَمَّا مَنْ خَافَ مَقَامَ رَبِّهِ وَنَهَى النَّفْسَ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ
فَإِنَّ الْجَنَّةَ هِيَ الْمَأْوَىٰ

But as for him who feared standing before his Rabb [Allaah], and restrained himself from impure evil desires and lusts, verily, Al-Jannah will be his abode. [Qur’aan, Soorat An-Naazi ‘aat, 79:40-41].

[92] Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) said:

ضَرَبَ اللَّهُ مَثَلًا رَّجُلًا فِيهِ شُرَكَاءُ مُتَشَاكِسُونَ وَرَجُلًا سَلَمًا لِّرَجُلٍ هَلْ يَسْتَوِيَانِ مَثَلًا ۚ الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ۚ بَلْ أَكْثَرُهُمْ لَا يَعْلَمُونَ

Allaah puts forth a similitude: A [slave] man belonging to many partners [like those who worship others along with Allaah] disputing with one another, and a [slave] man belonging entirely to one master [like those who worship Allaah Alone], Are those two equal in comparison? All the praises and thanks are due to Allaah! But most of them know not. [Qur’aan, Soorat Az-Zumar (39:29)].

[93] Ba’rah(Pl. Ba’r) A piece of animal dung. This signifies what is low.

[94] Signifying what is precious.

[95] The man of truth.

[96] In his eloquent and clear speech with the people.

[97] “This is from the Ghaybiyaat ( matters of Al-Ghayb) and it is not confirmed by an authentic evidence.”

[98] The standing before Allaah on the Day of Resurrection awaiting His Judgment.

[99] Know, may Allaah’s Mercy be upon you, that the shade sometimes is mentioned in relation to Allaah and sometimes in relation to His ‘Arsh. Many authentic narrations reported by Imaam Ahmad, Ad-Daarimee, Al-Baghawee, At-Tirmithee, Al-Haakira, At-Tabaraanee and others state that the shade is that of the ‘Arsh. As Al-Haafith Ibn Hajar explained, these narrations when related to the context of the agreed upon hadeeth: “Allaah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there would be no shade but His…” preponderates that the shade is that of the ‘Arsh.

Shaykh Muhammad Al-‘Uthaymeen commented that the Prophet’s statement: “On the Day when there would be no shade but His…” means that there would be no shade except that which He creates and that the belief that the shade is that of Allaah’s Essence is false, because this would imply that the sun is above Allaah the Most Majestic and Most High.

[See Fathul Baaree V. 2, p. 144, and Sifaatullaah Al-Waaridah Fil Kitaabi-wasSunnah, by ‘Alawee Bin ‘Abdul QaadirAs-Saqqaaf pp. 171-174, and Sharhul ‘Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah by Shaykh Muhammad Ibn Saalih Al-‘Uthaymeen, V. 2, p. 136.]

[100] The seven were mentioned in the hadeeth in which the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Allaah will give shade to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. [These seven persons are]:

  • (1) a just ruler,
  • (2) a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allaah [i.e. worships Allaah sincerely from his childhood},
  • (3) a man whose heart is attached to the mosques [i.e. he offers the five compulsory Salaat (prayers) in the mosques],
  • (4) two persons who love each other only for Allaah’s sake and they meet and part in Allaah’s Cause only.
  • (5) a man who refuses the call of a charming women of noble birth for illegal sexual intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allaah.
  • (6) a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given [i. e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity}, and
  • (7) a person who remembers Allaah in seclusion and his eyes become flooded with tears, “

[Reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim. The text is that of Al-Bukhaaree: Saheeh AI-Bukhaaree, V. 1, Hadeeth #629.]

SourceThe Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desire) – Imaam Ibn al Qayyim | Dr Saleh as Saleh

[Book Study] One Hundred Pieces Of Advice – Imam Ibn al-Qayyim

One Hundred Pieces Of Advice By Ibn al-Qayyim

100 Pieces of Advice from Imam Ibnul-Qayyim

One hundred treasured advices extracted from the writings of the illustrious scholar, Imām Ibn al-Qayyim (may Allāh have mercy upon him):

Topics include:

Ten ways to acquire Allāh’s love
Ten ways to be patient and avoid sins
Ten ways to be patient during a calamity
Ten benefits to lowering your gaze
Ten ways sins are expiated
Ten barriers between the slave and his Lord
Ten reasons knowledge is not put into action
Ten ways to open your heart
Ten ways to protect against envy
Ten ways to protect against the plots of the Shayṭān

Classes are based on the book translated into English by Ustaadh Rasheed Barbee and is available for purchase at AuthenticStatements.com
http://www.authenticstatements.com/one-hundred-pieces-of-advice-by-ibn-al-qayyim/

Taught at Masjid Tawheed on Wednesdays after between Maghrib and Ishaa Salah by Abu Muhammad al-Maghribi.   Listen to the available audio @ the link below (classes are in progress..)
https://www.spreaker.com/show/100-advices-by-imam-ibnul-qayyim

Related Links:
Check other Book Study Resources – https://abdurrahman.org/islamic-book-study/

Some Of The Names Of The Prophet Muhammad SallAllaahu Alayhi Wa Sallam – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahawiyyah : Point # 41

         وأن محمدًا عبده المصطفى، ونبيه المجتبى، ورسوله المرتضى‏.

[41]     And that Muhammad is His chosen slave and His selected Prophet and His Messenger whom He is pleased with.

The Explanation – Point [41] continued [1][2]


Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Side Point: Ibn Al-Qayyim rahimahullaah in his book Jalaa.ul-Afhaam (جلاء الأفهام) made an important point that with regard to the names of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, that just as we have a principle with regard to the Names of Allaah the Most High, that all of Allaah’s Names have along with them an Attribute (contrary to what some of the Mu`tazilah and the Jahmiyyah and their like say); the same point applies to the names of the Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam – his names are not just merely names; all his names are also characteristics found in him.

[2] Translator’s Side Point: Some of the names of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam are as follows:

  1. Muhammad (محمد) sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam – the praiseworthy one and also the one who praises abundantly. Amongst the evidences is the aayah,

Muhammad is but a Messenger and many Messengers have passed away before him
(Soorah Aal-`Imraan (3), aayah 144)

And likewise the aayah,

Muhammad is not the father of any of your men
(Sooratul-Ahzaab (33), aayah 40)

And likewise, in Soorah Muhammad (47), aayah 2 and Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29 the name Muhammad is mentioned for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and in many, many ahaadeeth.

  1. Ahmad (أحمد) – the most praiseworthy one. An evidence for that is one aayah in the Qur.aan, in the saying of `Eesaa `alayhis-salaam when he foretold of the coming of a Prophet that would come after him,

a Messenger bringing glad tidings, who will come after me; his name will be Ahmad
(Sooratus-Saff (61), aayah 6)

  1. Al-Maahee (الماحي) – the one who eliminates or wipes away; meaning, the one through whom Allaah wipes away unbelief. The evidence for this name is the hadeeth of Jubayr ibn Mut`im radiyAllaahu `anh.
  2. Al-Haashir (الحاشر) – the first one to be resurrected and the one after whom the rest of the people would be resurrected. The evidence is the same hadeeth of Jubayr ibn Mut`im radiyAllaahu `anh reported by Al-Bukhaaree and Muslim.
  3. Al-`Aaqib (العاقب) – the last Prophet. The proof being the same hadeeth.
  4. Al-Muqaffaa (المقفى) or Al-Muqaffee (المقفي) – the one who follows on from the previous Messengers and is the final one of them. The evidence for that is the hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash`aree radiyAllaahu `anh, reported by Muslim.
  5. Nabeeut-Tawbah (نبي التوبة) – the Prophet of repentance; the one through whom Allaah opened the gate of repentance to His servants. The proof being the same hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash`aree radiyAllaahu `anh.
  6. Nabeeur-Rahmah (نبي الرحمة) – the Prophet of mercy; the one whom Allaah sent as a mercy to the creation. The evidence is the hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash`aree radiyAllaahu `anh.
  7. Nabeeul-Malhamah (نبي الملحمة) – the Prophet of slaughter or wars; the one sent to fight against the enemies of Allaah. The evidence of this is the hadeeth of Hudhayfah radiyAllaahu `anh reported by Tirmidhee in his Shil.
  8. An-Nabeeul-Mustafaa (النبي المصطفى) – the chosen Prophet. The evidence being a hadeeth of `Awf ibn Maalik Al-Ashjaa`ee radiyAllaahu `anh.

Along with these names, some of the scholars mention that Allaah has described the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with a number of attributes and titles in the Qur.aan.  Amongst the titles given to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam in the Qur.aan are:

  • `Abdullaah (عبد الله) – the slave of Allaah
  • `abd (عبد) – a slave
  • rasool (رسول) – a Messenger
  • nabee (نبي) – a Prophet
  • ummee (أمي) – unlettered
  • shaahid (شاهد) – a witness,
  • mubashshir (مبشر) – a bringer of glad tidings
  • nadheer (نذير) – a warner and a caller to Allaah by His Permission
  • siraajan muneeraa (سراجا منيرا) – a shining lamp
  • ra’oofan raheemaa (رؤوفا، رحيما) – compassionate and merciful
  • mudhakkiran (مذكّرا) – one who reminded the people of their Lord
  • rahmah (رحمة) – a mercy
  • ni`mah (نعمة) – a favor
  • haadee (هادي) – a guide

These are titles and attributes mentioned in the Qur.aan with regard to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and other scholars mention many others besides these.

With regard to the ahaadeeth that were evidences for the names, they are:

  1. The hadeeth of Jubayr ibn Mut`im radiyAllaahu `anh who said, “Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

لي خمسة أسماء: أنا محمد، وأحمد، وأنا الماحي الذي يمحو الله بي الكفر، وأنا الحاشر الذي يحشر الناس على قدمي، وأنا العاقب

‘I have five names: I am Muhammad and Ahmad and I am Al-Maahee – the one through whom Allaah wipes away unbelief, and I am Al-Haashir – the one whom the people will be resurrected after me, and I am Al-`Aaqib – the last Prophet.’”

 Reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 3532 and also by Muslim.

  1. The hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa Al-Ash`aree radiyAllaahu `anh who said,

كان رسول الله صلى الله عليه وسلم يسمي لنا نفسه أسماء.  فقال: “أنا محمد، وأحمد، والمقفي، والحاشر، ونبي التوبة، ونبي الرحمة”

“Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam used to call himself different names to us.  So he said, ‘I am Muhammad and Ahmad and Al-Muqaffee (the one who came at the end of all the Prophets before) and Al-Haashir (the first one to be resurrected) and Nabeeut-tawbah (the Prophet of repentance) and Nabeeur-rahmah (the Prophet of mercy).’”

Reported by Muslim.

  1. The hadeeth of Hudhayfah radiyAllaahu `anh who said, “I met the Prophet sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam on one of the paths of Al-Madeenah; so he said,

أنا محمد وأنا أحمد وأنا نبي الرحمة ونبي التوبة وأنا المقفي وأنا الحاشر ونبي الملاحم

“I am Muhammad and I am Ahmad and I am the Prophet of mercy and the Prophet of repentance and I am the one who comes last after the other Prophets and I am the one who will be resurrected first and the Prophet of wars or slaughter.”

Reported by Tirmidhee in his Shamaa.il and declared Hasan (Good) by Shaykh Al-Albaanee.

  1. The evidence for the last name, “An-Nabee Al-Mustafaa” (the chosen Prophet) is a slightly longer hadeeth. It is an incident which happened in Al-Madeenah.  Shaykh Al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth authentic (Saheeh) in his checking of Ibn Katheer’s Seerah.  The hadeeth is reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad from `Awf ibn Maalik Al-Ashjaa`ee radiyAllaahu `anh who said,

“The Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam went off one day and I was with him until we entered a church (synagogue) of the Jews in Al-Madeenah on a festival day of theirs and they disliked that we should enter upon them.  So he, sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, said to them,

‘O company of Jews, show me twelve men who bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped except Allaah and that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah, and then Allaah will remove the anger that He has upon them from every Jew beneath the sky.’

So they were silent, none of them answered him.

Then he repeated it to them but none of them answered him. So he said, ‘You have refused.  So by Allaah, I am certainly Al-Haashir (the one who will be resurrected first) and I am Al-`Aaqib (the last Prophet), and I am An-Nabeeul-Mustafaa (the chosen Prophet) whether you believe or whether you reject me’.”

The companion said, “Then he departed and I was with him until we had almost gone out (of the church of the Jews) when a man said from behind us, ‘Remain where you are O Muhammad.’ So that man said, ‘O company of Jews, what sort of person do you know me to be amongst you?’

They said, ‘By Allaah, we do not know there to have been any man amongst us who knew the Book of Allaah better than you do, nor anyone having more religious knowledge than you do, nor than your father before you, nor than your grandfather before your father.’

He said, ‘Then I testify in his favor that By Allaah! He is the Prophet of Allaah who you find mentioned in the Tawraat.’

So then they said, ‘You have lied’ and they rebutted his saying and spoke evil of him.

So Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said, ‘You people have lied; your speech will never be accepted.  You have just been praising him as you have done with good, but when he believed then you declared him to be a liar and you said about him what you said.  So you speech will never be accepted.’”

The companion said, “So the three of us went out – Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, myself and `Abdullaah ibn Salaam (the Jew who just entered into Islaam). No one else from the Jews believed.

And Allaah the Most High sent down concerning him,

Say, “Do you see, if it is indeed from Allaah and you disbelieve in it, when a witness from Banoo Israa.eel witnesses to the like of it and he believes in it, but you people reject haughtily.” Then Allaah does not guide an unbelieving, wrongdoing people.

(Sooratul-Ahqaaf (46), aayah 10)

Shaykh Al-Albaanee said the hadeeth is Saheeh (authentic).

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

The Secrets of Salaah : Imaam Ibnul Qayyim – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Audio|En]

[Alternative Download Link]

Posted from: Importance, Distinction & Merits of Salah – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Remembrance of Allaah – 20 Points of Benefit – Imam Ibn al Qayyim – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Audio|En]

The following is based from the book Al-Wabil al-Sayyib by Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya


[Download Part 01Part 02]

Posted from: http://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126&Itemid=76

Ibn Al-Qayyim on which is better: reciting Quran slowly with contemplation or faster in greater amount?

Translation and notes by Owais Al-Hāshimī
19 Ramaḍān 1437

Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawzīyah – Allāh have mercy on him – said while describing the way of the Prophet صلى الله عليه وسلم in reciting the Qurān:

People have differed as to which is best: tartīl (slower) recitation covering less (of the Qurān), or faster recitation with more covered; which of them is better? They had two opinions on this.

[Read or downlaod the Full article here]

The above google docs document embedded below

The Pillars of Kufr (Disbelief) – Imam Ibn al Qayyim | Dr Saleh as Saleh [Short Audio|En]

Based on Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah rahimahullaah

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 14:51)

Transcription of the Audio:

Bismillaah hir Rahman nir Raheem. Alhumdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen
Wa sallallahu ala Muhammadin wa ala aalihi wa sahbihi wa sallam

The pillars of Kufr are four, they are,

  • Haughtiness and disdainfullnes : This prevents the person from submission i.e. yielding.
  • Envy (Al Hasad) : This prevents him from accepting the naseehah i.e. the advice and from exerting it.
  • Anger (Al Ghadab) : This prevents him from being just.
  • Lusts : This prevents him from giving himself to worship.

If the pillar of false pride and haughtiness is demolished, then submission will become easy for him. If the pillar of envy is demolished, then it becomes easier for him to accept advice and to offer it. If the pillar of anger is demolished, it becomes easy for him to be just and humble. If the pillar of lust is demolished, it becomes easy for him to be patient and ready for worship.

The demolishing of mountains is much more easier than demolishing these four pillars for the one who is  afflicted with it, specially if they are entrenched in him and became as a firmed attribute, because no action can be upright with the presence of these pillars and no soul can be sanctified and purified having these established in it and whenever the person wants to exert himself to do or to act, these four pillars come and corrupt his work. And all other defects originate from these four and if these four are established in the heart it will make him see falsehood in the form of the truth and truth in the form of falsehood and good in the form of wrong and wrong in the form of good and it will make this life grow nearer to him and make the hereafter far removed from him.

If you contemplate the Kufr of the nations before, you will see that the Kufr of the nations originated from these four pillars and upon these four pillars the punishment will befall. The intensity of the punishment and it’s severity will depend upon how these four and entrenched. So whoever opens for himself these four pillars is indeed has opened all the doors of evil, sooner or later and whoever has closed the doors of these then he indeed has closed all the doors of evil because these four prevents submissiveness, sincerity, repentance and longing and turning to Allah, acceptance of the truth, the advice to the Muslims, humbleness to Allah and to his creation. This is what these four pillars can do.

The origin of these four pillars is from man’s ignorance concerning his Lord and ignorance concerning himself.  Had he known of his Lord qualified with the most perfect and magnificent attributes and had he known himself qualified with all forms of defects, he wouldn’t be haughty, angry, envious of others because envy in fact is one form of opposition to Allah because he dislikes the favour and blessing of Allah which he bestowed upon his slave while Allah loves that. Not only that, he likes that it to be rifted from his brother and Allah does not like that. So he is opposing Allah in his pre-decree and what Allah loves and his honour and that is why Iblees (Satan) is enemy  because his sin was due to haughtiness, arrogance and envy.

How can these be removed?

These two qualities, knowing Allah and Tawheed, and content with him and pleased with him and turning to him, takes away these two qualities of haughtiness and envy and taking anger away by knowing oneself that the self does not deserve all that so that to be angry for it and to avenge for its all sake. In this case this will prompt it to be contempt once this is taken out. Otherwise then this will be preference for the self over its creator and originator. The greatest thing to repel this defect is to train the self to get angry for Allah’s sake and whatever at any time enters the self this type of anger for Allah’s sake, there will exit the anger for its self and the opposite is true. As to the lust, its cure, its healing is in the correct knowledge. Yielding to the self’s lust deprives it from the correct knowledge and putting it on a diet in that respect puts it on the linkage with the correct knowledge. The more you are open the door for lusts, the more you are trying to deprive the self  from the correct knowledge and the more you close it, the more you will be linked to the correct knowledge.

Anger is like the wild animal. If its owner releases it, it starts by eating him up first. Lust is like the fire when the person ignites it it begins by burning him there in first. Al-Kibr, haughtiness, false pride, arrogance is like confronting the king regarding the king’s possession and kingdom, if he does not destroy you he will expel you. Envy is like opposing someone who is more powerful and more stronger than you.

This is based on Imam Ibn Al Qayim’s (rahimahAllah) specification of these four pillars of Kufr.

Transcribed by brother AbdulRazak bin AbdulAleem for AbdurRahman.org, May Allah reward him, ameen.

 

Seeking The Forgiveness Of Allaah & His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم)

وَلَوْ أَنَّهُمْ إِذ ظَّلَمُوا أَنفُسَهُمْ جَاءُوكَ فَاسْتَغْفَرُوا اللَّهَ وَاسْتَغْفَرَ لَهُمُ الرَّسُولُ لَوَجَدُوا اللَّهَ تَوَّابًا رَّحِيمًا

If, when they had wronged themselves, they had come to you – O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) – and had sought Allaah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked for Allaah’s forgiveness for them, then they would have found that Allaah would have accepted their repentance and had mercy upon them.

[Sooratun-Nisaa (4): 64]

Ibnul-Qayyim (rahimahullaah) said:

“Since Allaah – the One free of all imperfections – knew that those to whom the Messenger was sent would certainly wrong themselves and follow their desires, He guided them to that which would repel the evil of that wrong and remove its causes. This lay in two things: Firstly, there was something that they themselves were to do, which was to seek forgiveness of their Lord – the Mighty and Majestic.

Secondly, there was something for someone else to do, and this was that the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) should ask forgiveness for them when they came to him, submitted obediently to him and acknowledged their wrong-doing. So, if they were to do these two things, they would find that Allaah would accept their repentance and forgive them. He would accept their repentance, thus wiping away the effect of their sins and protecting them from their evils. In addition to this, He would grant them His Mercy, His favourable and fine treatment.

So, what share of this Aayah is there for a person who wrongs himself after the death of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) ? Does the use of the Aayah support those people who claim that the person should go to his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) grave; ask for forgiveness there, and for his intercession?

The reply is that, as for the share of the person who wrongs himself after the death of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) with regard to this Aayah, he should ask for Allaah’s forgiveness, with sincere repentance and this applies in every time and place. It is not a condition for the correctness of his repentance that he should go to his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) grave, and ask for forgiveness there. (By consensus- Ijmaa”).

As for going to his grave and seeking forgiveness there and seeking his intercession, using this Aayah as an evidence, then the Aayah does not indicate this in any sense at all. It only refers to going to him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) ; not going to his grave; nor does it state that he will seek forgiveness for them if they seek intercession from him after his death.

This is thus shown to be a false and futile argument which is further clarified by the fact that the Companions, those who of all people knew best about the Book of Allaah and the Sunnah of His Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) , did not understand the Aayah in this way. So it is known that this is an innovation. That which is most frequently used as evidence by those who permit it, is the narration of al-`Utabee from an unknown Bedouin, even though we do not know any chain of narration for it. If this disconnected report, or it’s like, were a hadeeth or a report from a Companion, then it would not be permissible to use it as a proof, and its ruling would not be binding upon us because of its lack of authenticity. How then can it be permissible to use as proof for this a story that is not authentic, concerning a Bedouin who is unknown!? [1]

Shaikh ‘Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir as-Sa`dee (rahimahullaah) said:

“Allaah said:

Meaning: If, when they had wronged themselves, they had come to you – O Muhammad (صلى الله عليه و سلم) i.e. acknowledging their sins, and fully confessing them.

“…and had sought Allaah’s forgiveness, and the Messenger had asked for Allaah’s forgiveness for them, then they would have found that Allaah would have accepted their repentance and had mercy upon them”

i.e. He would have turned to them, forgiven their wrongdoing, and been Merciful to them; by accepting their repentance, guiding them to it and granting it to them, and rewarding them for it. This coming to the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was something specific to his lifetime. This is what the context indicates, because seeking forgiveness from the Messenger cannot occur except in his lifetime. As for after his death, then nothing can be sought from him; rather that would be shirk.” [2]

***

Footnotes:

[1] Tayseerul-‘Azeezil Hameed Sharh Kitaabit-Tawheed of Shaikh Sulaymaan ibn `Abdillaah ibn Muhammad bin `Abdul-Wahhaab (pp. 561-562)
[2] Tayseerul-Kareemir-Rahmaan fee tafseer Kalaamil-Mannaan of Shaikh “Abdur-Rahmaan ibn Naasir asSa”dee.

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank -rahimahullaah]

Posted from: www.alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

Forty Benefits arising from sending Salaat upon Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) – Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim

بسم الله الرحمن الرحيم

Sending Salaat* Upon The Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم)
[* i.e. saying “Allaahumma salli ‘alaa Muhammad…”)

Imaam an-Nasaa·ee –rahimahullaah- reported in his “Sunan” (no.1297):

“Ishaaq ibn Mansoor related to us, saying: Muhammad ibn Yoosuf narrated to us, saying: Yoonus ibn Abee Ishaaq narrated to us: from Burayd ibn Abee Maryam who said: Anas ibn Maalik narrated to us, saying: Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:

<<Whoever sends a single salaat upon me, then Allaah will send ten salawaaat upon Him, and ten sins will be removed from him, and he will be raised by ten ranks >>.”

Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah- declared it “Saheeh”.

Shaikh al-Albaanee said in “Sifatus-Salaat” (p.165): ‘‘The most correct saying about the meaning of salaat upon the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is the saying of Abul-‘Aaliyah:

“Allaah’s salaat upon His Prophet is His extolling him [[to the Angels]] and exalting him; and the salaat of the Angels and others upon him is to request this from Allaah -the Most High”; and what is meant is seeking increase, not the initiation of salaat al-Haafiz [Ibn Hajr] mentioned it in “al-Fath”.”

Imaam Ibnul-Qayyim -rahimahullaah, in his book “Jalaa·ul-Afhaam fee Fadlis-Salaati was-Salaam ‘alaa khayril anaam (صلى الله عليه و سلم)”, mentions forty benefits arising from sending salaat upon Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم):

1. Compliance with the Command of Allaah-the Perfect and Most High. [i.e. in Aayah 65 of Sooratul-Ahzaab].

2. Conformity with Him- He the Perfect- in sending salaat upon him, even though the two forms of salaat are different. So our salaat upon him is a supplication and a request, whereas the salaat of Allaah-the Most High-upon him is extolling and ennobling….

3. Conformity with the Angels in it.

4. Attaining ten salawaat [[plural of salaat]] from Allaah by the person who sends salaat upon him once.

5. That he is raised by ten levels.

6. That he has ten good deeds written for him.

7. That ten sins are erased from him.

8. That it is to be hoped that his supplication will be responded to if he precedes it with that. So it causes the supplication to ascend to the Lord of creation, when prior to this it was suspended between the heavens and the earth.

9. It is a means to attain his (صلى الله عليه و سلم) Intercession, if it is accompanied by a request for alwaseelah (a singular station in Paradise) for him, or even if it is on its own…

10. It is a means for forgiveness of sins …

11. It is a cause for Allaah to suffice the servant with regard to whatever concerns him.

12. It is a means for the person to gain nearness to him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) on the Day of Resurrection…

13.( It has the position of being like an act of charity upon a needy person.)**

14. It is a cause for the fulfillment of your needs.

15. It is a cause for Allaah to send salaat upon the person, and for the salaat of His Angels upon him.

16. It is a cleansing (zakaat) and purification for the person.

17. (It is a cause for the servant to receive glad tidings of Paradise before his death…) **

18. (It is a means for salvation from the terrors of the Day of Resurrection…) **

19. It is a cause for the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to respond to the one who sends salaat and salaam upon him.

20. (It is a cause for the servant to remember that which he has forgotten.) **

21. It is a cause of good for the gathering, and for its not becoming a source of regret for its people on the Day of Resurrection.

22. (It is a means to repel poverty…) **

23. It repels from the person the description of being a miser, if he sends salaat upon him whenever he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is mentioned.

24. He becomes saved from being supplicated against that his nose should be cleaved in dust, for abandoning it when he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) was mentioned.

25. It puts its companion upon the path to Paradise, and it causes the one who abandons it to err with regard to it.

26. It saves from the stench of a gathering wherein Allaah and His Messenger are not mentioned, and where Allaah-the Most High- is not praised and extolled, and where salaat is not sent upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

27. It is a means for the completion of the speech which was begun with praise of Allaah and salaat upon His Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

28. (It is a cause for the servant”s light to be increased upon the Bridge (as-Siraat).) **

29. It takes the servant away from coarseness.

30. It is a cause for Allaah –the Perfect- to bestow favourable praise upon the one who sends salaat upon him, praising him to the inhabitants of the Heavens and the earth. This is because the one who sends salaat upon him is asking Allaah to extol His Messenger, and to honour, and ennoble him. So recompense conforms to the type of deed, so the one who sends salaat must in turn receive some form of this.

31. It is a cause of blessing for the one who sends salaat, in his self, his deeds, and his life, and the means of his welfare. This is because the one who sends salaat is supplicating to his Lord that He should bless him and his true followers; and this supplication will be answered; and recompense conforms to the deed.

32. It is a means for his attaining the Mercy of Allaah, since mercy is either the meaning of the salaat –upon the saying of some; or it is otherwise something necessitated by it, and required from it-upon the correct saying. So the one who sends salaat upon him must certainly receive Mercy.

33. It is a means to perpetuate his love of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم),and to increase it, and to multiply it; and that is one of the essential fundamentals of Eemaan, which it will not be complete without; since the more a servant mentions the one he loves, and remembers him in his heart, and remembers his fine qualities, and those things which instill love of him, then his love of him will increase, and yearning for him will grow, and this will overcome his whole heart. But if he turns away from mentioning him and from thinking of him and of his fine qualities in his heart, then love of him will be reduced in his heart. So there is nothing more pleasing to the one who loves than seeing the one whom he loves, and nothing gives greater pleasure to his heart than mentioning him, and thinking of him and of his fine qualities. So when this becomes strong in his heart, then his tongue will praise and extol him…

34. That salaat upon him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) is a cause of his loving that person. So because it is a cause for the one who sends salaat upon him to increase in love of him, likewise it is a cause for him to love the one who sends salaat upon him (صلى الله عليه و سلم).

35. It is a means for the guidance of the person and for his heart to have life…

36. (It is a cause for the one who sends salaat upon him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) to have his name presented to him, and for his being mentioned to him…) **

37. (It is a cause for the feet to be planted firmly upon the Siraat, and for the person”s passing over it…) **

38. That sending salaat upon him fulfils the slightest part of his right…

39. That it comprises remembrance of Allaah and thankfulness to Him, and recognition of His Favour upon His servants in sending him. So the one who sends salaat upon him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) includes in his salaat upon him remembrance of Allaah and remembrance of His Messenger…

40. That salaat upon him from the person is supplication (du’aa), and the persons du’aa. to his Lord and his requests to his Lord are of two types:

(i) His requesting his own needs and concerns, and whatever he requires throughout the night and the day. So this is supplication and request, and is to give precedence to that which the servant loves and seeks;

(ii) His requesting that He should extol His chosen and beloved servant, and increase him in nobility and honour, and make mention of him, and elevate him. So there is no doubt that Allaah-the Most High-loves that, and his Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) loves it. So the one who sends salaat upon him (صلى الله عليه و سلم) has turned his requests, that which he desires, and that which he seeks towards that which is loved by Allaah-the Most High- and His Messenger; and he has given preference to that over his own needs and requirements. Indeed this that he seeks has become the most beloved of things to him, and that which he most prefers. So he has given preference to that which Allaah and His Messenger love over that which he himself loves. So he has given preference to Allaah and to what He loves over everything else, and recompense conforms to the action. So whoever gives preference to Allaah over everything else, then Allaah will give preference to him over others…””

[(**) The verifier of the book (Zaa·id an-Nushayree) indicates that these points (nos.13, 17, 18, 20, 22, 28, 36, & 37) are based upon weak ahaadeeth.]

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank]

[Download PDF Here ]

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All Posts related to Durood (Sending Salaat on the Messenger صلى الله عليه و سلم) :

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – Shaykh Abdur Razzaq | Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

This is the weekly Saturday evening class on the book Asharatu asbaab lil wiqaayah min as-sihr wal ayn by Shaykh Abdur Razzaq al-Badr. The sheikh’s book is based on the book of Ibn al Qayyim rahimahullaah

As with all of our classes at Masjid Tawheed in Stone Mountain, GA, we encourage you to join us.  If you are not able to attend in person, please feel free to listen in via our Spreaker channel or our telelink line at 712-432-2856.

Classes Completed on this book.

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2014-12-06  (Time 52:51)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-141206-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2014-12-13  (Time 47:37)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-141213-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2014-12-20  (Time 48:59)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-141220-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2015-01-03  (Time 53:52)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-150103-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2015-01-10  (Time 45:57)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-150110-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2015-01-17  (Time 53:36)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-150117-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Ten Means That Protect From Magic & Evil Eye – 2015-01-31  (Time 45:06)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/05/ten-means-that-protect-from-magic-evil-eye-150131-sh-abdur-razzaq-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

Posted fromhttp://followthesalaf.com/blog/?tag=Magic+and+Evil+Eye

The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desire) – Imaam Ibn al Qayyim / Dr Saleh as Saleh

Read the Book

The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desire) – Imaam Ibn al Qayyim [PDF]

Listen to the Audio

01- The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa – Lowly Desires – part 1 – 48:35

02- The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa – Lowly Desires – part 2 – 37:10

03- The Dispraise of Al-Hawaa – Lowly Desires – part 3 – 39:28

The below articles were extracted from the Book :

Al-Uboodiyyah: Slavery to Allaah – by Imam Ibn ul Qayyim Jawziyyah

 

Inverted Priorities – “Our Main Problem is in Our Leaders…!!!” Is this the case? – Dr Saleh as Saleh

Inverted Priorities - Prepared by Saleh As-Saleh

In the Name of Allaah, the Most Beneficent the Most Merciful

Allaah, the Most High says:

“Verily! Allaah will not change the good (or bad condition) of a people as long as they don’t change their state of goodness (or sins and wrong doings etc) themselves.” [13:11].

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim, rahimahullahs, said:

“Ponder upon the Hikmah (Wisdom) of Allaah, the most High, where He has made people’s kings, leaders, and those of authority over them, of the same kind as their own deeds. It is as if the people’s deeds appeared in the forms of their kings and leaders.

If the people are upright, then their kings and rulers will be upright, and if they turn away (from uprightness), then their leaders will turn against them. And if they oppress and tyrannize, then their kings and rulers will tyrannize and oppress. And if deception and treachery becomes manifest amongst them, then the same will appear in their rulers.

If the people refrain from fulfilling the rights of Allaah upon them and become niggardly (regarding their execution), then their kings and rulers will refuse to give them their rights and will become niggardly (withhold their rights from them). And if they take away from those whom they oppress that which they deserve not to take, then the kings will take away from the people that which they deserve not to take and will levy taxes and impose tasks upon them. And whatever the people unjustly take from the oppressed, their kings take the same by force from them.

So those in charge of the people appear in the forms of their (the ruled) deeds. And it befits not the Divine Wisdom that the evil and wicked be ruled except by those of the same kind.

And since the early [Muslims] were the best and most righteous of generations, their rulers were of the same standing. But when the people turned weak, their rulers turned to be of their own rank.

So it befits not the Hikmah (Wisdom) of Allaah in these times (Ibnul Qayyim times [1] ) that rulers the like of Mu’aawiyah and ‘Umar bin ‘Addil ‘Azeez, be in charge over us, and even less the like of Abee Bakr and ‘Umar. Rather, our rulers are in accordance with our own rank and standing, and the ones who ruled those before us were (also) in accordance with these people own rank and standing. And both matters (the status of the former rulers and those of this time) are as necessitated and entailed by [Allaah’s] Hikmah.” [2]

It is very evident that from the legal perspective and by the consensus of the early Muslims, as well as by way of intellect and experience, that the true change of the status of the Ummah occurs when it turns to Allaah and follows the ways that made the early generations successful. Imaam Maalik, rahimahullah, summed it in words few in number, profound in meaning:

“Nothing will benefit the Ummah to come except that which benefited the early Ummah.”

Those who adopt the path of confrontation with the rulers, thinking that the change comes through this way, are trailing the path of misguidance and a path whose consequences proved it wrong by all perspectives. This is the same path taken by the early dissidents (khawaarij) who followed the mutashaabih (not entirely clear) texts instead of following the muhkam (clear) texts and referring whatever may be not entirely clear to that which is mukham. The following of the mutashaabih is a path of fitan (afflictions) that led to the rebellion against the leaders of the sahaabah, and in our times has caused bloodshed and suffering and retardation of da’wah. Allaahul Must’aan.

This matter is a matter of Deen and not a matter of emotions. And since the textual proofs are replete commanding the believers that they must obey those in authority, even if they oppress and take ones wealth, etc As long as they do not command the believer to do sin, then we have no choice but to comply and obey. Otherwise, we will be inventing a new Deen. Allaah, the One Free of all imperfection, the most High says:

“Let those beware who withstand the Rasool’s (صلى الله عليه و سلم) orders, unless some fitnah befalls them or a grievous penalty be inflicted on them” [24:63]

“Whatever was not Deen at the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) cannot be considered to be a part of the Deen today.” [Imaam Maalik].

So if the person choses to contend the way of the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم), then let him remember the following aayah:

If anyone contends with and opposes the Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) after the right path has been shown clearly to him, and follows other than the believers way, We shall keep him in the path he has chosen, and burn him in Hell- what an evil destination! [4:115]

May Allaah, the most Merciful, guide us all to the truth and make us hold to it and may He, the most High and Majestic, save us all from fitan and guide us (ruled and rulers) to His Path. Aameen.

Saleh As-Saleh
22/7/1426
27/8/2005.

[1] Ibnul Qayyim was born in 691 AH/1292 CE, and died in 751 AH/ 1350 CE. May Allaah’s Mercy be upon him
[2] In Muftaah Daarus-Sa’aadah, vol. 1, pp. 177-178. Published by Daar Ibn ‘Affan (1416/1996, Al-Khubar, KSA).

[Download PDF]

Posted from : “The Inverted Priorities” – http://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=102

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 13:04)

The Heart and Its Diseases – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

The Heart and Its Diseases – Based upon the work of Ibn Taymiyyah and Ibnul Qayyim rahimahumullaah

01- The Heart – Ibn Taymiyah and Ibnul Qayyim – 5:04

02- The Heart – Its Three Types – 19:31

03- The Heart – Its Diseases – 67:40

04- The Heart – Benefit In Seeking Guidance (audio corrupted..)

Blame Ourselves or Blame the Rulers – Imaam Ibnul Qayyim / Dr Saleh as Saleh

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 10:04)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/blame-on-us-or-blame-on-rulers-imaam-ibnul-qayyim-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah) talked about what people think is the fitnah of “our times”, i.e. meaning his own times, but this applies just as well to the contemporary fitnah of our own times. About the ways of Allaah (Azza wa Jal) in this creation vis-a-vis the rulers and the ruled, he said :

“And contemplate Allaah’s (Azza wa Jal) Wisdom when He made people of authority, making them a reflection of the ruled. It is as if the deeds of the ruled appear in the form and deeds of their rulers :

if the ruled are upright, then their rulers will be upright

if the ruled incline away from uprightness, then their rulers will do the same to them

if the ruled transgress and oppress, then their rulers will do the same to them

if there appears deception and plotting from the ruled, then it will be the same from their rulers

if the ruled take away the rights of the people and become miser as to the rights of others, then their rulers will do the same to them and deprive them of their rights

if the ruled take away from the oppressed /weak among them that which they deserve not to take in their transactions with them, then their rulers will do that towards the ruled’s wealth and take what they deserve not, and impose on the ruled taxes and assignments

and whenever the ruled take from the oppressed and weak unjustly, then their rulers will do the same to them and take it by force

so the actions of the ruled appear in the actions of the rulers and it is not in the Divine Wisdom that Allaah (Azza wa Jal) assigns authority over the wicked and evils ones, EXCEPT to the ones who are of their own kind

Since the first generation was of the best generation and of the most righteous, … so were their leaders righteous

It is not befitting Allaah’s Wisdom that in “our times” (Ibnul Qayyim’s times) that those assigned to authority over us be the like of Muawwiya and ‘Umar bin ‘Abdul ‘Aziz, not to mention Abu Bakr and ‘Umar. The leaders of those before us were in accordance with their own conditions and ranks. Our leaders are in accordance with our own condition and rank. In both cases, this is entailed by the Wisdom of Allaah (Azza wa Jal).”

Such is the conclusion of Imaam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullah) concerning his times, i.e. the 8th century A.H., so what do you think about our own times?

The Wisdom of Allaah (Azza wa Jal) pertains to His Attributes. He puts things in accordance with His Hikmah and puts them in their proper places with what fits. The Wisdom of Allaah (Azza wa Jal) has a noble and most perfect objective.

As for those who hasten in making these roads for “deliverance” and see getting rid of the rulers as the solution to their problems, they confuse symptoms and disease.

The rulers are seen as being the causes when in reality they are only the symptoms. The true illness is within the ruled. Therefore, all endeavors towards finding a solution should focus on the ruled themselves.

The deeds of the ruled are reflected in the deeds of the people having authority over them. When the people are not ready and are away from the deen of Allaah, who would you expect them to deserve as rulers?

Contemplate this very carefully!

Dr Saleh As-Saleh(rahimahullaah)

Posted from : http://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_wrapper&view=wrapper&Itemid=110

The Virtues of the Truthful : Abu Bakr – Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah

The Virtues of the Truthful – Abu Bakr radhi Allaahu anhu
يف مناقب الصدِّيق :Original Title
Original Author: Ibn Al-Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah
Source: Al-Fawaaid, No. 51
Translated by: Abu az-Zubayr Harrison – authentic-translations.com

Click the below link to read or download the full document
The Virtues of the Truthful – Abu Bakr-Ibn al Qayyim- Authentic-Translations.com [PDF]

Happiness, Misery, and Signs of Their People – Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah

Original Title : السعادة والشقاوة وعالمة أهلها )الفواْئد)
Original Author: Ibn Qayyim Al-Jawziyyah
Translator : Abu az-Zubayr Harrison –  authentic-translations.com
This article is taken from Ibn Qayyim Al-JAwziyyah’s famous book, “Al-Fawaaid” (no. 112)

Click below link to read or download article PDF

Happiness, Misery, and Signs of Their People-Ibn al Qayyim [PDF]

From the signs of happiness and joy is that whenever a worshipper increases in knowledge, his humbleness and mercy increases. Whenever he increases in acts of worship, his fear and caution increases. Whenever he increases in age, his greed decreases. Whenever he increases in wealth, his generosity and spending increases. And whenever he increases in status and position, his nearness to the people increases as does his fulfilling their needs and being humble with them.

And from the signs of misery is that whenever a worshipper increases in knowledge, his pride and arrogance increases. Whenever he increases in acts of worship, his bragging increases as does his belittling of people while always giving himself the benefit of the doubt. And whenever he increases in status and position, his arrogance and ego increases.

All of these things are trials from Allaah and a test by which He tests His servants, and because of them, some people attain happiness and others become miserable.

Similarly, some things people honor and admire are also trials like possessions, authority, and wealth. Allaah says about His prophet, Sulaymaan, when he saw the throne of Bilqees in front of
him:

“هَذَا مِنْ فَضْلِ رَبِّي لِيَبْلُوَنِي أَأَشْكُرُ أَمْ أَكْفُرُ “

This is from the favor of My Lord to test me whether I will be grateful or ungrateful. [Soorah An-Naml, 27:40]

So, blessings are tests from Allaah that make apparent the gratitude of the grateful, and the ingratitude of the ungrateful. In the same way, hardhips are also trials from Him سُبْحَانَه .He tests by way of blessings and hardships.

Allaah says:

“فَأَمَّا الإِنْسَانُ إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ رَبُّهُ فَأَكْرَمَهُ وَنَعَّمَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَكْرَمَنِ وَأَمَّا إِذَا مَا ابْتَلاهُ فَقَدَرَ عَلَيْهِ
رِزْقَهُ فَيَقُولُ رَبِّي أَهَانَنِ “

And as for man, when his Lord tests him and is generous to him and favors him, he says, “My Lord has honored me!” But when He tests him and restricts his provision, he says, “My Lord has humiliated me!” [Soorah Al-Fajr, 89:15-16]

In other words, it’s not the case that everyone I increase with honor and blessings, that’s My way of honoring him. And everyone I tighten his sustenance and test him, it’s not necessarily that I’m humiliating him.

Ten Ways That Protect from the Evil of Envy – Ibn al Qayyim – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Part 01 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 29:42)

Part 02 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 10:39)

Based upon the work of Imam Ibnul Qayyim (rahimahullaah)

The 10 Ways – point-by-point – to escape the envy of the envious person:

1– Seeking refuge in Allaah from the evil of the haasid (the envious one).

2– Fearing Allaah, Subhanahu wa Ta’aala.

3– Being patient when dealing with this enemy, and not wasting time via confronting him or arguing with him.

4– Tawakkul (relying on Allaah).

5– Don’t even allow your heart to become occuppied with the envier’s foolishness, and try your best to erase it from your thoughts.

6– Turning to Allaah and being sincere to Allaah, and making the love of seeking Allaah’s Pleasure and repenting to Allaah one’s main primary concern.

7– Repenting to Allaah for sins which allowed the enemy to gain asendancy over him; no one is given the ability to overpower a slave except due to that’s slave’s sins (sins he knows of and the sins he may not know of).

8– Giving sadaqah and treating others well.

9– Repelling the evil with good – and this is from the most difficult upon the soul.

10– Implementing and actualizing Tawheed, which in reality encompasses everything that has preceded, and it revolves around it. And for one to actualize Tawheed, he must learn it. One should learn Tawheed and the right of Allaah upon His slaves.

Following the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- Shaykh al Albaani

By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah as-Salafi -Rahimullaah-
From his book  ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah as-Salafi -Rahimullaah- said:

Allaah’s slave cannot implement <<You (Alone) we worship>> except with two great principles.

One of which is following the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

The second is Ikhlaas (sincerity) for the One worshipped.

This is then implementing <<You (Alone) we worship>>

The people are divided into four categories in relation to these two principles.

The first of which is the people who have Ikhlaas for the One worshipped and for following the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. They are, in reality, the people of << You (Alone) we worship>>

So all their actions are for Allaah, their sayings are for Allaah, their giving and their prohibiting are for Allaah, their loving is for Allaah and their hating is for Allaah.  Their apparent dealings and hidden dealings are for Allaah’s Face Alone.

They do not want reward from the people for this or thanks, nor do they desire position with them, nor do they request praise or status in their hearts or escape from their criticisms.

Rather they hold the people at the same status as those who are in graves. They do not possess any harm or benefit for them, neither life or death, nor the Day of Resurrection.

So, action done for the sake of the people, desiring refuge and status among them and hoping for harm and benefit from them, never emanates from the one who knows the people, but rather itemanates from the one who is ignorant of their affairs and one who is ignorant of his Lord.

The one who knows the people places them according to their status.  So whoever knows Allaah, then he makes his actions and sayings sincerely for Allaah, he obeys Him and prohibits for Him,loves for Him and hates for Him.

A person does not deal with any thing from the creation, to the exclusion of Allaah, except due to his ignorance of Allaah and his ignorance of the creation.  Otherwise, if he knew Allaah and knew the people, he would prefer his dealing with Allaah to his dealing with the people.

Likewise, all his actions and worship should be in agreement with the command of Allaah and with what Allaah loves and is pleased with.

These are the only actions which Allaah accepts from the one who performs them.

Due to this, He tries His worshippers with life and death.

Allaah –Ta’ala – said:

<< Who has created death and life, that He may test you which of you is best in deed. >> [Mulk: 2]

He made whatever is on the earth as beautification for it so He could test which of them is the best in action.

Fudayl bin ‘Aayaad said: ‘A good action is one that is sincere and correct.’

They said: ‘O Abu ‘Alee which one is sincere and correct?’

He answered: ‘If the action is sincere but is not correct, then it will not be accepted and if it is correct but not sincere it will not be accepted, until it is sincere and correct.’

Khaalis (sincere) is that which is for Allaah.

Sawaab (correct) is that which is according to the Sunnah.

This is what is mentioned in the saying of Allaah –Ta’ala-:

<< So whoever hopes for the Meeting with his Lord, let him work righteousness and associate none as a partner in the worship of his Lord.’  >> [Khaf: 110]

And in His saying:

<< And who can be better in religion than one who submits his face (himself) to Allaah (i.e. follows Allaah’s Religion of Islaamic Monotheism); and he is a good-doer. >> [Nisa: 125]

So Allaah does not accept actions except those that are sincerely for His Face, following His command. Anything other than these are rejected and returned to the one who performs them– even though he is in a great need of their being accepted – them being scattered in all directions.

In the Saheeh, from the hadeeth of ‘Aeysha, on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Every action which we have not commanded then it is rejected.’

Every action without a precedent does not increase the one performing it except in distance from Allaah.

Indeed Allaah –Ta’ala – is surely worshipped according to His commands and not by opinions and desires.

The second category is the one who neither has Ikhlaas nor does he follow.  His action is then not in accordance with the Sharia’ nor is it sincerely for the one worshipped, such as actions which are beautified for the people, those who show off hypocritically by other than what Allaah and His Messenger legislated.

These people are the most evil of creation, they are the most hated to Allaah –Azza wa Jal.  They have a greater share in the saying of Allaah:

<< Think not that those who rejoice in what they have done (or brought about), and love to be praised for what they have not done,- think not you that they are rescued from the torment, and for them is a painful torment.>>

[aal-Imraan:188]

They rejoice in what they have been given of Bida’, misguidance andShirk and they love being praised for falsely following the Sunnah and Ikhlaas.

There are many of this type – from those who ascribe themselves to knowledge, poverty and worship – from those who deviated away from the Sirat al-Mustaqeem (straight way).

Indeed they perform Bida’ and misguidance, they show off – boasting about their actions, loving to be praised for that which they have not done of Ittiba (following the Messenger), Ikhlaas (sincerity) and Ilm (knowledge). They are the people who have Allaah’s Anger upon them and are the people of misguidance.

The third category is he who is sincere in his actions, however he is not upon path of following the command, just like the ignorant worshippers and those who ascribe themselves to paths of Zuhudand poverty.

Everyone who worships Allaah without following Allaah’s command, believing that his act of worship is a form of drawing closer to Allaah, then his condition is like this.  Such as the one who thinks that listening to whistling and the clapping of hands is a form of drawing closer to Allaah or that being in isolation – which necessitates leaving the Jummah prayer and the congregational prayer – is a form of drawing closer to Allaah.

Or the one who thinks that continuous fasting, day and night, is a form of drawing closer to Allaah or fasting the day which all the people refrain from fasting is a form of drawing closer to Allaah or other similar examples.

The fourth category is when his actions follow Allaah’s command, but they are for other than Allaah, such as obedience to those who hypocritically show off or like a man who fights to show off, or fanatically or for bravery or performs Hajj so it can be said that he performs Hajj or reads Qur’aan so it can be said that he recites Qur’aan.

Outwardly, the actions of these people are righteous actions which have been commanded, however they are not righteous and so they will not be accepted.

<< And they were commanded not, but that they should worship Allaah, and worship none but Him Alone (abstaining from ascribing partners to Him), and perform prayer and give the Zakaat: and that is the right religion >>[al-Bayyinah: 5]

So everyone has been ordered not to worship other than Allaah except by what He has commanded, having Ikhlaas for Him in worship and these are the people of

<<You (Alone) we worship, and You (Alone) we ask for help (for each and everything) >>’

Taken from ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’ Volume 1, p.104-106

The Status of al-Istiqaama – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyyah as-Salafi -Rahimullaah-
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya 

Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘From the levels of << It is only You we worship and only You we ask for help>> is the level of al-Istiqaama (being steadfast on the right way).

Allaah –Ta’ala – said:

<< Indeed, those who have said, ‘Our Lord is Allaah’ and then remained steadfast – the angels will descend upon them, [saying], ‘Do not fear and do not grieve but receive good tidings of Paradise, which you were promised.>>

[Fussilat :30]

Allaah –Ta’ala – said:

<< Indeed, those who have said, ‘Our Lord is Allaah,’ and then remained steadfast – there will be no fear concerning them, nor will they grieve. Those are the companions of Paradise, abiding eternally therein as reward for what they used to do.>>

[al-Ahaqqaf : 13-14]

And Allaah said to His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

<< So remain steadfast as you have been commanded, [you] and those who have turned back with you [to Allaah], and do not transgress. Indeed, He Sees of what you do. >>

[Hood :112]

So He explained that Istiqaama is the opposite of oppression, which is overstepping the bounds in everything.

Allaah –Ta’ala – said:

<< Say, O [Muhammad], ‘I am only a man like you to whom it has been revealed that your god is but one God; so take a straight course to Him and seek His forgiveness. >>

 [Fussilat : 6]

Allaah –Ta’ala – said:

<< And [Allaah revealed] that if they had remained steadfast on the right way, We would have given them abundant provision So We might test them therein. >>

[Jinn:16-17]

The most truthful of this Ummah and the one who had the greatest Istiqaama – Abu Bakr as-Siddeeq Radi Allaahu anhu was asked about Istiqaama? He answered:

‘That you do not associate anything with Allaah.’

What he intended was Istiqaama upon pure Tawheed.

Umar bin al-Khattab Radi Allaahu anhu said:

Istiqaama is that you remain steadfast upon commands and prohibitions. And do not dodge them in the way that foxes swerve away.’

Uthmaan bin ‘Affan Radi Allaahu anhu said:

‘To be steadfast means that you make your actions purely and sincerely for Allaah.’

‘Ali bin Abee Taalib Radi Allaahu anhu and Ibn ‘Abbas Radi Allaahu anhu said:

‘To be steadfast means: to perform the obligatory worship.’

Al-Hasan said:

‘Be steadfast upon the command of Allaah, fulfil His obedience, and distance yourself from sinning against Him.’

Mujahid said:

‘Be steadfast upon the testification of La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’ (‘There is none worthy of worship, in truth, except Allaah’) until they meet Allaah.’

I heard Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah- say:

‘Be steadfast upon love for Allaah and His worship and do not turn away from Him to the right or to the left.’

In the Saheeh of Muslim from Sufyaan bin Abdullaah Radi Allaahu anhu who said: ‘I said O Messenger of Allaah tell me a statement about Islaam, which I can only ask of from you.’

He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – answered:

‘Say, I believe in Allaah, then be steadfast.’

Also in the Saheeh of Muslim from Thawbaan Radi Allaahu anhu from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘Be steadfast, and you will not be in loss, and know that the best of your actions is the prayer, and no one is continuous upon Wudoo except a believer.’

What is required from the slave of Allaah is to remain steadfast, and that is being steadfast and upright. If he is not capable of remaining steadfast, then he should do that what is close to remaining steadfast as possible, however, if he falls below that, then he is in loss and in a state of negligence.

As is mentioned in the Saheeh of Muslim from the hadeeth of Abu Huraira Radi Allaahu anhu from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – who said:

‘Adhere to the correct way and if you cannot then that which is nearest to it, and know that none of you will not succeed with just his actions alone.’

They asked: ‘Not even you O Messenger of Allaah?’

He -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – answered:

‘Not even me, only if Allaah encompasses me with mercy from Himself and His excellence.’

All the different levels and status of the Deen are gathered together in this hadeeth, so the command of being steadfast means to be correct, namely to be correct in intentions, statements and in actions.

The Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– mentioned in the hadeeth of Thawbaan that they would not be capable of continuously remaining steadfast, so he referred them to coming closer to being steadfast, namely that they come as close as possible to being steadfast according to their own capability, like the person who shoots at a target but he does not hit the target however he comes close to it.  Along with this he -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – informed them that being steadfast and coming close to being steadfast will not grant you success on the Day of Judgement by itself. Therefore, one should not just rely upon ones actions alone, or be amazed by his actions, nor should one view his success through his actions alone, rather his success is with the mercy of Allaah and His pardoning and His excellence.

Istiqaama is a comprehensive word, its meaning embodies the Deen. And it is to stand in front of Allaah with honesty and adhering to the reality of truth, and fulfilling Allaah’s covenant.

Istiqaama is linked to sayings, actions, situations and intentions, so to possessIstiqaama in these matters means that they are done for Allaah and for the sake of Allaah and upon the command of Allaah.

Some righteous people said:

‘Make Istiqaama your companion, not one who seeks a miracle, even though your inner self desires to seek a miracle, because your Lord requests Istiqaama from you.’

I heard Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah- saying:

‘The greatest of miracles is adhering to Istiqaama’.

[Taken from: ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’ vol 2 p.103]

Tranquility & Peace – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

By Shaykh ul –Islaam Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah as-Salafi -Rahimullaah-
From his book ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’

Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya 

Shamsuddeen Muhammad bin Abee Bakr Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

‘Indeed Allaah mentioned ‘as-Sakeenah’ (Tranquility) in His Book in six places:

1) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< وَقَالَ لَهُمْ نَبِيُّهُمْ إِنَّ آيَةَ مُلْكِهِ أَنْ يَأْتِيَكُمُ التَّابُوتُ فِيهِ سَكِينَةٌ مِنْ رَبِّكُمْ >>

<<  And their prophet said to them, Indeed, a sign of his kingship is that the chest will come to you in which is assurance from your Lord >>[al-Baqarah: 248]

2) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< ثُمَّ أَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ >>

<<  Then Allah sent down His tranquility upon His Messenger and upon the believers >>[Tawbah: 26]

3) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

إِذْ يَقُولُ لِصَاحِبِهِ لَا تَحْزَنْ إِنَّ اللَّهَ مَعَنَا فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَيْهِ وَأَيَّدَهُ بِجُنُودٍ لَمْ تَرَوْهَا

<<  and he said to his companion, ‘Do not grieve; indeed Allah is with us.’ And Allah sent down his tranquility upon him and supported him with Angels you did not see >>[Tawbah: 40]

4) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< هُوَ الَّذِي أَنْزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ فِي قُلُوبِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ لِيَزْدَادُوا إِيمَانًا مَعَ إِيمَانِهِمْ وَلِلَّهِ جُنُودُ السَّمَاوَاتِ وَالْأَرْضِ وَكَانَ اللَّهُ عَلِيمًا حَكِيمًا >>

<<  It is He who sent down tranquility into the hearts of the believers that they would increase in faith along with their [present] faith. And to Allah belong the soldiers of the heavens and the earth, and ever is Allah Knowing and Wise. >>[al-Fath: 4]

5) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< لَقَدْ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَنْزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا >>

<<  Certainly was Allah pleased with the believers when they pledged allegiance to you, [O Muhammad], under the tree, and He knew what was in their hearts, so He sent down tranquility upon them and rewarded them with an imminent conquest  >>[al-Fath: 18]

6) The saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< إِذْ جَعَلَ الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا فِي قُلُوبِهِمُ الْحَمِيَّةَ حَمِيَّةَ الْجَاهِلِيَّةِ فَأَنْزَلَ اللَّهُ سَكِينَتَهُ عَلَى رَسُولِهِ وَعَلَى الْمُؤْمِنِينَ >>

<< When those who disbelieved had put into their hearts chauvinism – the chauvinism of the time of ignorance. But Allah sent down His tranquility upon His Messenger and upon the believers >>[al-Fath: 26]

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- used to read the Ayaat ofas-Sakeenah (Tranquility) if matters became intense for him.

And I heard him talk about a great incident which occurred when he was sick, the general intellect is too deficient to comprehend how evil souls emerged and waged war against him in his state of weakness.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah (d.728 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said :

When this matter became intense, I said to my relatives and those around me: ‘Read the Ayaat of as-Sakeenah (Tranquility).

Then I would be free from this condition, and I would sit up as if a transformation had taken place and there was nothing wrong with me.’

Ibn Qayyim aj-Jawzeeyah (d.751 A.H.) -Rahimullaah- said:

I also tried this, and I read these Ayaat of as-Sakeenah (Tranquility) when the heart becomes agitated due to what affects it and I witnessed the amazing effects of theseAyaat on the tranquility of the heart and its peacefulness.’

[From: ‘Samma’aat Ibn al-Qayyim min Shaykh al-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah’ p.352-353 Quoted from: ‘Madarij as-Salikeen’ 2/502]