The one who Reviles the Companions actually Reviles the Prophet ﷺ – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 83 : Points 148-149
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

[148] Know that whoever speaks against anyone from the companions of Muhammad (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم), then know that he seeks really to attack Muhammad (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) and he has caused harm towards him in his grave.

[149] If some innovations become apparent to you from a person, then beware of him since what he conceals from you will be more than what he makes apparent.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:

..Then know that he is a Person of the Sunnah – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 81 : Points 144
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

If you see a man having love for Abū Hurayrah, Anas ibn Mālik and Usayd ibn al-Hudayr (radi Allaahu anhum) then know that he is a person of the Sunnah, if Allaah wills. And if you see a man having love for Ayyūb, Ibn Awn, Yūnus bin Ubayd, Abdullāh ibn Idrīs al-Awdī, ash-Sha’bī, Mālik ibn Mighwal, Yazīd bin Zuray, Mu’ādh bin Mu’ādh, Wahb bin Jarīr, Hammād bin Salamah, Hammād bin Zayd, Mālik ibn Anas, al-Awzā’i, and Zā’idah bin Qudāmah, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah. And if you see   a man having love for Ahmad ibn Hanbal, al-Hajjāj ibn al-Minhāl, Ahmad ibn Nasr – and who speaks favorably about them and holds their sayings, then know that he is a person of the Sunnah.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:

Do not speak about the Companions except good – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 78 : Points 134
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

If you see a man criticizing anyone from the Companions of  Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam), then know that he is a follower of desires and a person of evil speech because of the saying of Allaah’s  Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam), “When my Companions are mentioned then withhold”

The Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) knew of any slips that they were going to make after his death, yet still he did not say about them except good. And his saying , “Leave my Companions and do not say about them anything except good”

Do not discuss anything from their slips or their wars, nor that which you do not have knowledge of. Do not listen to it  from anyone who speaks with it, for  your heart will not be secure if you listen to it.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Link: 

If you come to the Grave of Abu Bakr and ‘Umar, Greet them with the Salaam – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 74 : Point 125
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

To have eemaan that Abu Bakr and ‘Umar (rahmatullaahi alaihima) are within the apartment of ‘Aaishah (radi Allaahu anha) along with Allaah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam). They were buried there along with him. So if you come to their graves, then it is binding to give salutation (salaam) to them after Allah’s Messenger (sallallaahu alihi wa sallam).

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links: 

Mu’aawiyah did not seek to take over the Khilaafah from ‘Ali – Dr Saleh as-Saleh

Mu’aawiyah (رضي الله عنه) is the Sahaabee Sakhr Bin Harb Bin Umayyah Bin ‘Abd Shams Bin ‘Abd Manaaf Bin Qusay Bin Kilaab, Abu’Abdur Rahmaan. The Ameer of Al-Mu’mineen, and the King of Islaam. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“O Allaah! Bestow upon him the knowledge of the Book (i.e. the Qur’aan) and save him from torment.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad in Fadaa ‘il As-Sahaabah, V. 2, p. 913.]

The checker said its Isnaad is hasan because of other narrations]. He also invoked Allaah saying:

“O Allaah! Make of him (i.e. Mu’aawiyah) a guide (to the truth), cause him to be rightly directed, and cause others to be rightly directed by him.”

[Reported by Imaam Ahmad, V. 5 #17438, and by At-Tirmithee. Al-A!baanee said it is saheeh (see Saheeh Sunan At-Tirmithee, #3018).]

He was one of the Sahaabah who recorded the Revelation.

Contrary to many false reports, Mu’aawiyah (رضي الله عنه) did not seek to take over the Khilaafah from ‘Ali (رضي الله عنه).

Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah, Imaam Ath-Thahabee, At-Tabaree, and many other scholars from the Salaf asserted that Mu’aawiyah (رضي الله عنه) used to acknowledge that ‘Ali is better than him and that he [Mu’aawiyah] does not deserve the Khilaafah. His position, however, was that he wanted ‘Ali to punish the assassins of ‘Uthmaan (رضي الله عنه) before he would give his loyalty to him. He thought that he was on the truth regarding this matter. ‘Ali on the other hand, conditioned that Mu’aawiyah must give the pledge of loyalty to him because he was the Khaalefah and that he thought it is wise to wait until he consolidates his power and then seek ‘Uthmaan’s assassins. ‘Ali had nothing to do with the killing of ‘Uthmaan. Based upon many authentic narrations and prophecies from the Prophet Ahlus-Sunnah consider to be on the side of the truth.

The fitnah was ignited by a group of dissidents known as As-Saba’iyyah whose leader, ‘Abdullah Bin Saba’, was a Jew who considered ‘Ali to be Allaah incarnate! Most of the Sahaabah kept themselves away from the fitnah and only a few, not exceeding thirty, shared in the fighting between the army of ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyah.

The Islamic rule at the time of Mu’aawiyah’s Kingdom was very strong whereby the Muslims ruled a vast area extending from Khurasaan in the East to the West African coast, and from Cyprus in the Mediterranean to the Yemen in the South. [See Tahqeeq Mawaaqif AsSahaabah Fee Al-Fitnah; Establishing the (True) Position of the Sahaabah During the Fitnah (i.e. Between ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyahby Dr. Muhammad Amakhzoon, V. 2, pp. 93-130, published by Daar Tayebah and Maktabat Al-Khawthar, Riyaadh, KSA, 1415/1994.]

The reason why that I have highlighted some of these important facts is that most of what had been written about this fitnah is either

a) fully historical and not authenticated,
b) compiled by orientalists, or
c) promoting baseless accounts by the Raafidhah (the rejectionists of the Shee ‘ah).

The fully documented and authenticated reports from the Muhadditheen regarding the fitnah gave us the true positions of the Sahaabah regarding this matter. An excellent source is Al- ‘Awaasim Minal Qawaasim by Abu Bakr Bin ‘Al-Arabi AI-Maalikee (not the infamous mystic Sufi Ibn ‘Arabi) with commentary by Muhib-ed-Deen AI-Khateeb, 5th edition, Maktabat AsSunnah, Cairo, 1408. See also Tahtheeb Siyar ‘Alaam An-Nubalaa’, V. 1, #257. And Allaah knows best.

Source: By Dr. Saleh as-Saleh in a footnote #66 in  Al-Hawaa (Lowly Desires): 50 Matters to free Oneself from it – Imam Ibn al Qayyim

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/sahaba

To withhold Regarding the Fighting between ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyah – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 72 : Point 121
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

To withhold regarding the fighting between ‘Ali and Mu’aawiyah, ‘Aaishah, Talhah and az-Zubayr. May Allah have mercy upon them all and upon those who are with them. Do not dispute concerning them, and consign their affair to Allah, the Exalted and Most High, for Allah’s Messenger  (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Beware of speaking about my Companions and my in-laws” [1] and his saying, “Allah, the Exalted and the Most High, looked upon the people who fought at Badr and said: Do whatever you wish, for I have forgiven you” [2].

NOTES

[1] The hadeeth with this wording is not authentic. However, what is authentic is the hadeeth of Abu Sa’eed (radiallaahu anhu), who reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said,

Do not abuse my Companions for, if any of you were to spend gold equal to Uhud in charity, it would not equal a handful of one of them or even half of that.”

Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans 5/17/no.22) and Muslim (Eng. trans. 4/1349/no.6168).

[2] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (Eng. trans. 5/212-214/no.318) and Muslim (Eng. trans. 4/1331/no.6087).

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/sahaba

Excellent Generations – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 66 : Point 113 (Part A)
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

Everything that I have described to you in this book is from Allah, the Most High, from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam), from his Companions, from the Tabi’een and from the third generation to the fourth generation.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:

Success Lies in Clinging to the Sunnah and the Way of the Early Generations – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 62 : Point 107
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

He who limits himself to the Sunnah of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa salam) and that which his Companions and the Jamaa’ah were upon is successful and triumphs over all the people of innovation and his body is relaxed and his religion is safe, if Allah wills, since the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “My Ummah will split…” and the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) told us which would be the saved sect, saying, “That which I and my Companions are upon[1]. This is the cure, the explanation, the clear affair and the straight and distinct road. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Beware of going to extremes and harshness. Beware of exaggeration and cling to the ancient religion” [2].

NOTES

[1] Reported by at-Tirmidhee (no.2643) and others and it is hasan, as has preceded.

[2] This is not a hadeeth of the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam), but is a saying of Ibn Mas’ood (radiallaahu anhu) as reported by ad-Daarimee in his Sunan (1/50/nos.144. 145), ‘Abdur-Razzaaq in his Musannaf (10/252) and Ibn Nasr in as-Sunnah (no.85) and others and is saheeh as such.

Ibn ‘Abbaas (radiallaahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “Beware of exaggeration in the religion for, indeed, those before you were destroyed due to exaggeration in the religion.” Reported by Ahmad, an-Nasaa’ee and Ibn Maajah and it is saheeh.

Ibn Mas’ood (radiallaahu anhu) reports that the Prophet (sallallaahu alaihi wa sallam) said, “ Those who go to extremes are destroyed.” Reported by Ahmad, Muslim and Abu Daawood (Eng. trans. 3/1294/no.4591) and it is saheeh

[Souncloud Audio Link

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Acknowledge the Virtue of the Ansaar – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 55: Point 98
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And acknowledge the rights of the Ansaar and the advice given by Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam concerning them and the family of the Messenger. Do not abuse them, acknowledge their virtue and their deeds of excellence. And acknowledge the virtue of his neighbours from the people of Al-Madinah. 

[Souncloud Audio Link

Shaykh Fawzan’s Explanation:

His saying, And acknowledge the virtue of the Ansaar,” from the tribes of the Aws and the Khazraj and the companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, the most excellent of the generations. They are the most excellent of the generations because of his saying:

“The best of you is my generation.”[1]

And because Allaah chose them to be companions of his Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and because they gave the Bay`ah (pledge) to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they fought Jihaad along with him and they carried the knowledge from him and conveyed it to mankind. So the sahaabah (companions) are the most excellent of the generations and no-one can catch them with respect to their virtue. He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Do not abuse my companions for by the One in whose Hand is my soul, if one of you were to spend in charity the like of Mount Uhud in gold, it would not reach the handsful of one of them nor even a half of it.”[2]

Meaning; if a person were to spend in charity with the like of the mountain of Uhud, it would not equal a handsful of barley, which was given by a companion. So this shows the virtue of the companions radiyAllaahu `anhum. So this is tremendous virtue, which must be acknowledged for them radiyAllaahu `anhum.

And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, said:

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ

And the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajireen and from the Ansaar and those who followed them upon good. Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him and He has prepared for them gardens in Paradise beneath which rivers flow. (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah 100)

And He, the Majestic and Most High, said:

لَّقَدْ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَنزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا

Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave you the pledge beneath the tree. So, He knew what was in their hearts and He sent down tranquility upon them and He rewarded them with a victory close at hand. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 18)

And He, the Most High, said:

مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah and those who are with him are stern against the disbelievers, merciful amongst themselves. You will see them bowing and prostrating seeking bounty from Allaah and His pleasure. Their sign is upon their faces from the traces of prostration. That is their description in the Towraah. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)

Meaning, their description in the Towraat.

وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ

And their description in the Injeel is that of a plant which sends out side-shoots, which support it so that it becomes firm and strong, upright upon its stalk; it pleases those who have planted it so that the disbelievers may become enraged at them. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)

These aayahs are with regard to the companions radiyAllaahu `anhum, which shows their virtue and their status with Allaah and with His Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they have different levels of excellence amongst themselves.

So the four Khulafaa` (Caliphs); they are the most excellent ones from the companions, then the rest of the ten who are promised Paradise then, the Muhaajiroon because Allaah mentioned them first ahead of the Ansaar and because they (the Muhaajireen) left their homes and their wealth and their homelands for the sake of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic and they migrated in Allaah’s cause. So they have excellence over the Ansaar. Then the Ansaar radiyAllaahu `anhum because they sheltered the Messenger and they gave shelter to the Muslims and supported them and they assisted them with their wealth and they lived in harmony along with them and they loved them.

And those who were present at Badr also, they have virtue and specific excellence and those who were present at the pledge of Ridwaan; Bay`atur-ridwaan. He, the Most High, said:

لَّقَدْ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ

Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave you (Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) the pledge beneath the tree. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 18)

Then those who accepted Islaam before the Conquest are more excellent than those who accepted Islaam after the Conquest of Makkah. So they have different degrees of virtue amongst them. However, overall they are more excellent than others besides them from all generations until the Hour is established. No-one can match them.

His saying, “and the council given by Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with regard to them,” meaning: the strong advice given by the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with regard to the Ansaar. He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“No-one will love the Ansaar except for a believer and
no-one will hate them except for a hypocrite (munaafiq).”
[3]

And his saying, And his neighbours from the people of Al-Madinah; acknowledge their virtue.” Meaning, the person who lives in Al-Madinah and has patience with it, hoping for reward and he has patience upon its hardships, hoping for reward and is constant upon prayer in the mosque of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, he will have reward for that. There is no doubt about it but as for the person who lives therein and he commits evil and he commits shirk along with Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, and he propagates innovations then his punishment will be multiplied for he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Whoever commits innovations in it or who gives shelter to an innovator then upon him will be the curse of Allaah and the angels and all of mankind.”[4]

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (3,650) and Muslim (2,535) from a hadeeth of `Imraan ibn al-Husayn radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[2] Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (3,673) and Muslim in his Saheeh (2,541) from Aboo Sa`eed al-Khudriyy radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[3] Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (3,783) and Muslim (75) from a hadeeth of Al-Baraa` radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[4] Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (7,300) and Muslim (1,370) from a hadeeth of `Aliyy radiyAllaahu `anhu.


Translator’s side point: Briefly with regard to the explanation of Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee rahimahullaah, then he said with regard to the point; “And his neighbours from the people of Al-Madinah; acknowledge their virtue.” What is meant by the neighbours here are those people who are not from the Ansaar (Aws and the Khazraj) nor were they from Quraysh but they were Muslims so they have the right of Islaam and they have virtue for their having patience upon the difficulties in Al-Madinah. So it is obligatory to acknowledge the virtue of the people of virtue and Allaah is the one who grants success.


That’s the end of the first of the 2 volumes.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

The Killing of Uthmaan ibn ʻAffān (radiyAllaahu anhu) – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 53: Point 90B
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

This is how the religion was until the Khilaafah of `Umar ibn al-Khattaab; the single Jamaa`ah. And likewise in the time of `Uthmaan. Then when `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu was killed, schism; splitting and differing and innovations came about. The people split into parties and sects. Amongst the people were those who remained upon the truth when the changes first started to occur; they spoke with it, acted upon it and called the people to it.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

His saying, “This is how the religion was till the time of `Umar ibn al-Khattaab radiyAllaahu `anhu; the single Jamaa`ah. And likewise in the time of `Uthmaan.” In the lives of the companions and the taabi`een (the next generation after companions), those who opposed the truth kept themselves hidden and they concealed themselves amongst the people such as the Qadariyyah and other than them and that was on account of the strength of Islaam and the strength of the Muslims until the Jews infiltrated. A Jewish man from Yemen who was called Ibn As Sawdaa` `Abdullaah ibn Sabaa`; the Jew. So, he came to Al-Madeenah and he manifested Islaam in the caliphate of `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu and he began speaking ill of `Uthmaan in gatherings because he was just claiming to be a Muslim as a plot against Islaam.[1]

Then he started spitting out his poison in gatherings and the foolish people attended and the scoundrels, evildoers and the ignorant ones. And some people or indeed many people desire vilification, they like to hear people being abused, been spoken ill of and they like qeel wa qaal (rumour mongering). So therefore they gathered around him.

And when his reality became known and he was expelled from Al-Madeenah, he went off to Egypt and he found a village in Egypt, which was famous for dissension, splits and the like. So he immersed himself in it and he spread his poison in it and he vilified; spoke ill of `Uthmaan. Then in the end, he organised a group of them having weapons and strength. So they came to `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu and raised objections to him and declared him to be in error. So `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu responded to them and refuted them; refuted their doubts. Then they went back.

Then they rebuked themselves whilst they were on the way and they said we have achieved nothing then they went back to `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu and they encircled him whilst he was in his house and the companions wanted to defend the Khaleefah. However, `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu forbade that for fear of fitnah (discord) and for fear of shedding blood hoping that the affair could be dealt with upon the basis of discussion and examination. He wanted to convince them. However, when they saw that they could not reach anything by using evidence then they sprang upon him during the night whilst the rest of the people were sleeping and they killed him radiyAllaahu `anhu.

When they saw that their false doubts had been refuted and that they were not going to be accepted then they ceased the opportunity at a time of inattentiveness. And most of the people were performing Hajj and the people still in Madinah were asleep in security and the matter was under discussion and being examined. So they sprang upon him by night, may Allaah disfigure them. They sprang upon in his house and they killed him as a martyr radiyAllaahu `anhu whilst he was reciting the Qur’aan and he had the mushaf; the written copy of the Qur’aan so that his blood spilled onto the mushaf radiyAllaahu `anhu. So then fitnah (discord) occurred.[2]

And this filthy one (Abdullaah ibn Sabaa), he claims that the Khilaafah should’ve been for `Aliyy and that it was not for Aboo Bakr nor for `Umar nor for `Uthmaan. Rather, that it should’ve been just for `Aliyy and that `Aliyy was the wasiyy (the one personally appointed to take over) by Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and that those people had wrongfully seized the Khilaafah and taken it by force from `Aliyy. And the amazing thing is that `Aliyy radiyAllaahu `anhu did not claim this nor did he seek the Khilaafah nor did he say “I have more right to it”; rather, he gave the bay`ah (the pledge) and he heard and obeyed his brothers, the rightly guided Khulafaa· radiyAllaahu `anhum ajma`een jamee`an; all of them.

So then al-fitnah discord occurred between the Muslims and fighting occurred between the Muslims on account of this filthy one, this one who infiltrated the ranks of the Muslims. However, Allaah caused his hopes to become frustrated. It is correct that tribulations occurred between the Muslims, some of them were killed. However, this did not do anything to Islaam. Islaam and all praise is for Allaah remained strong and established and he did not damage Islaam at all.

And he and the Jews did not damage this religion and all praise is for Allaah. Yes, some calamities occurred for the companions and discord and fighting, however, this was all in the cause of Allaah, radiyAllaahu `anhum wa ardaahum (may Allaah be pleased with them and cause them to be pleased). And this filthy one did not really achieve anything and all praise is for Allaah.

So this is a summary of the affair of the fitnah (discord), which came about on the killing of `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu. And this is something which shows that it’s not permissible to rebel against the ruler and that rebelling against him brings about evil in the nation and the shedding of blood and the people have continued to suffer from fitan (discord) from that time till this time of ours now; and you know about the callers to discord, those who call to fitnah (discord) and to rebellion against the rulers and with the excuse of correcting the evil. The Mu`tazilah arose and the Khawaarij, all of them from this aspect and they still continue until this time.

His saying, “So when `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu was killed then schism; splitting and differing came about and innovations.” It is obligatory to beware of the callers to misguidance and their affair should not be treated lightly and that it is not permissible to speak against the rulers. And therefore he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam enjoined hearing and obeying and not rebelling against those in charge of the affairs even if they are tyrannical and even if they oppress and even if they are sinful as long as they do not reach the level of clear and open kufr (disbelief). This is how Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam enjoined this.

His saying, “And the people became sects. So from the people were those who remained firm upon the truth when things first changed; and who spoke with it and acted upon it and called to it.” When the firq (sects) came about and differing, then Allaah caused the people of the truth to remain firm upon the truth and upon the Sunnah and they preceded upon that which the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and his companions radiyAllaahu `anhum had been upon. And the other sects contradict it, what the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and his companions had been upon. So therefore they became deserving of the threat of the Fire in accordance with the degree of what occurred from them.

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s side point: `Abdullaah ibn Sabaa`; founder of the religion of the Raafidah Shee`ah.

[2]  You can refer to two books here;

(1) Itihaaf al Jamaa`ah of the noble Shaykh Hamood at-Tuwayjiree rahimahullaah and

(2) Fitnat Maqtal ‘Uthmaan of Dr. Muhammad al-Gabaan – a book of research about this whole issue of the killing of `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharh as-Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:

https://abdurrahman.org/rulers/

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Do not Deny or Speak against the Narrations of the Messenger of Allaah – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 42 : Point 66
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And if you hear a man speaking against the narrations and not accepting them or denying anything from the narrations of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, then doubt his Islaam since he is a person having a despicable opinion and saying. No attack may be made upon Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam nor upon his companions since we have only come to know of Allaah and His Messenger and the Qur’aan and what is good and what is bad in this world and the Hereafter by way of the narrations. So, the Qur’aan needs the Sunnah more than the Sunnah needs the Qur’aan.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

His saying, “And if you hear a man speaking against the narrations and not accepting them or denying anything from the narrations of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam then doubt his Islaam,”[1] Since from the meaning of the testification that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah is to obey him with regard to whatever he commanded and to believe him regarding whatever he informed of and to avoid whatever he forbade and prohibited and that Allaah is not worshipped except with that which He legislated. This is the meaning of the testification that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah.

And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:

وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا ۚ وَاتَّقُوا اللَّهَ ۖ إِنَّ اللَّهَ شَدِيدُ الْعِقَابِ

And whatever the Messenger gives you then accept it and take it and whatever he forbids you from then keep away from it. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 7)

يَا أَيُّهَا الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا أَطِيعُوا اللَّهَ وَأَطِيعُوا الرَّسُولَ 

O you who believe, obey Allaah and obey the Messenger.
(Sooratun-Nisaa· 4, aayah 59)

So what is obligatory upon the Muslim is that he complies with whatever occurs in the ahaadeeth from Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam since they are the second revelation after the Qur’aan. Because the fundamental evidences in Islaam upon which there is agreement are:

Firstly, the Qur’aan;

Secondly, the Prophetic Sunnah,

And thirdly, consensus; Al-Ijmaa`.

These evidences, it is not permissible for a person to say, “I will not accept as evidence except the Qur’aan alone and I will not accept the Sunnah as evidence,” as is said by the Khawaarij and whoever follows their way and they say that the Qur’aan is mutawaatir (reported by huge numbers of people at every level of transmission so huge that they cannot be gathered together upon a lie) so they say, “the Qur’aan is mutawaatir and is rendered secure from deficiencies but as for the Sunnah then it is what is narrated by narrators and is therefore open to deficiencies.”

This is to accuse the whole Ummah (nation) and its scholars and the companions and the taabi`een (those who conveyed the narrations) in lacking in reliability and of lacking in trustworthiness whereas the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam informed about those people in his saying:

“It will soon occur that a man who is full (belly) will be reclining upon his couch and will say “Between us and you is the Book of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic. So, whatever we find in it to be permissible then we will take it to be permissible and whatever we find in it to be forbidden then we will take it as being forbidden.” Then He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “Indeed, I have been given the Qur’aan and the like of it along with it.”[2]

And he `alayhissalaatu wassalaam said:

“May Allaah make bright the face of a person who hears my saying and he retains it and he coveys it just as he heard it or sometimes one who has something conveyed to him may better comprehend it than one who actually heard it.”[3]

And he `alayhissalaatu wassalaam said when he gave the khutbah (address) in Arafah:

“Let the one who witnesses amongst you convey to the one who is absent.”[4]

So, the one who heard conveys from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. This is a trust; amaanah, which was established by the narrators of hadeeth and by the men of hadeeth, may Allaah reward them with good, Aameen. And they protected the Prophetic Sunnah from foreign things and from lies and they conveyed it pure and clear just as it came from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam faithfully and this is from the miracles of this Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So, the Sunnah is not an arena for withholding or for making accusations. Rather, it is obligatory to believe it and it is obligatory to act upon it just as it is obligatory to act upon the Qur’aan because it is wahiyy (revelation) from Allaah.

He, the Most High, said with regard to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ – 53:3

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ – 53:4

He (the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) does not speak from his desires, it is just revelation inspired. (Sooratun-Najm (53), aayah 3-4)

So the ahaadeeth are revelation from Allaah even though their wordings are from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. As for the Qur’aan then its wording and meaning is from Allaah, the Majestic and Most High and as for the Sunnah and the Prophetic ahaadeeth then their meanings is from Allaah and their wordings are from the speech of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam who does not speak from his own desires. So, his sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam wordings are preserved from error and are true and are not open to doubt. So, whoever denies the Sunnah then he is a kaafir (disbeliever) because he has discontinued the second fundamental. And the Qur’aan must have the Sunnah because it explains it and clarifies the meaning of the Qur’aan.

 وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ 

And We have sent down to you the reminder (the Qur’aan) for you to then explain to the people that which was sent down to them. (Sooratun-Nahl (16), aayah 44)

So, the Sunnah clarifies the Qur’aan and explains the Qur’aan because the Qur’aan comes with some things, which are mujmalah (unspecified) such as the prayer (Salaah) and the Zakaah and the Hajj and Siyyaam (fasting), the command for these is in the Qur’aan but how to perform them is not mentioned in the Qur’aan. So, the Qur’aan comes with some things, which are unspecified such as the prayer and the Zakaah and the Hajj and fasting, the Sunnah explains them and clarifies them. It explains the Zakaat and its amounts and fasting when it is to begin and when it is to end and the rights of Hajj; how a person should perform Hajj. So, he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“Take your rights of Hajj from me.”[5]

And the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam also said:

“Pray just as you have seen me praying.”[6]

Allaah, the Most High said:

لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ  

There is indeed for you in Allaah’s Messenger a fine pattern of conduct to follow. (Sooratul-Ahzaab (33), aayah 21)

So the Sunnah therefore explains the Qur’aan and clarifies it and indicates it and the person who says, “I will act upon the Qur’aan but I will not act upon the Sunnah” he is a kathaab (liar) for he has not acted upon the Qur’aan because the Qur’aan has within it:

وَمَا آتَاكُمُ الرَّسُولُ فَخُذُوهُ وَمَا نَهَاكُمْ عَنْهُ فَانتَهُوا

And whatever the Messenger gives you then take it and whatever he forbids you from then desist. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 7)

And there is within it:

وَمَا يَنطِقُ عَنِ الْهَوَىٰ – 53:3

إِنْ هُوَ إِلَّا وَحْيٌ يُوحَىٰ – 53:4

And he (the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) does not speak from his desires, it is just revelation inspired. (Sooratun-Najm (53), aayah 3-4)

The Qur’aan, it is stated that the Sunnah clarifies it.

 وَأَنزَلْنَا إِلَيْكَ الذِّكْرَ لِتُبَيِّنَ لِلنَّاسِ مَا نُزِّلَ إِلَيْهِمْ  

And We sent down to you (Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) the reminder (Qur’aan) so that you should clarify to the people what has been sent down to them. (Sooratun-Nahl (16), aayah 44)

So when he leaves off acting upon the Sunnah then he has not acted upon the Qur’aan, which he claims that he acts upon.

And from the people are some who make a distinction between the ahaadeeth and who say – “the hadeeth which is mutawaatir (hadeeth which has so many narrators at every level of transmission that it is impossible they could have got together and invented it) brings about knowledge (ilm) but the hadeeth which are aahaad (which doesn’t reach that level), it only amounts to dhann (surmise/uncerainity)”. And this is baatil (false and futile) because everything which is authentic from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and which is established, it brings about `ilm (knowledge) whether it’s mutawaatir or aahaad. So, there is no distinction to be made between the level of proof of the hadeeth which is authentic. It is obligatory to comply with all of it and to act upon it without any distinction.

And the Soofees also do not act upon the Sunnah, indeed not even upon the Qur’aan. They only act upon their own tastes and their own feelings and they say, “We take from Allaah directly and we do not take by way of the Messenger because we have reached Allaah so therefore, we have no need of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And the Messenger is just for the common folk, those who have not yet reached Allaah.” And this is from the most baseless falsehood and the most open disbelief and Allaah’s refuge is sought. Aameen.

His saying, “Or he denies anything,” whoever denies the Sunnah in general and says, “The Sunnah is not to be acted upon, only the Qur’aan is to be acted upon” or who denies a part of the Sunnah, which are the authentic ahaadeeth and says, “They are not to be acted upon” and some of them say, “Hadeeth is not acted upon except with the condition that it conforms to the Qur’aan” and this is baatil (false and futile) and is an accusation against the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam that he may bring something which contradicts the Qur’aan. So, this saying is not permissible.

The Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam sometimes came with things, which were not in the Qur’aan such as the prohibition of being married to a woman along with her paternal aunt and her maternal aunt. The Qur’aan contains the prohibition of being married to two sisters, whereas, the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“A man may not combine a woman and her paternal aunt nor between a woman and her maternal aunt.”[7]

So, it is obligatory to act upon whatever the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said.

His saying, “And if you see a person doing any of this; rejecting the authentic narrations from Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam or denying anything from them then accuse his Islaam for he is a man who is despicable in his position and his saying.” The person who says this, either he will be from the Khawaarij or he will be from the Jahmiyyah and the Mu’tazilah or he will be from the Soofees; those who claim that they have no need of the ahaadeeth because they have reached Allaah and they take from Allaah directly and they say, “You people take your religion from someone who is dead but we take from the Everliving One Who never dies.”

His saying, “And no accusation may be made against Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam nor against his companions,” No accusation may be made against Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam because he is rendered secure from error by Allaah, the Majestic and Most High. So, the person who accuses the Messenger or attacks him and says that he follows his desires or that he behaves unjustly or that he oppresses and the like of that then this one is a kaafir (disbeliever) in Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic.[8]

And likewise the person who makes an attack upon the companions of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam because Allaah is pleased with them and has praised them and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was pleased with them and praised them and repeated words of praise upon them and they were the best of generations. He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“The best of you are my generation…”[9]

And he alayhissalaatu wassalaam said:

“Do not abuse my companions for by the one in Whose hand is my soul, if one of you were to spend the like of Uhud in gold, it would not reach even a handsful amount of one of them nor even a half of it.”[10]

He, the Most High, said:

وَالسَّابِقُونَ الْأَوَّلُونَ مِنَ الْمُهَاجِرِينَ وَالْأَنصَارِ وَالَّذِينَ اتَّبَعُوهُم بِإِحْسَانٍ رَّضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنْهُمْ وَرَضُوا عَنْهُ وَأَعَدَّ لَهُمْ جَنَّاتٍ تَجْرِي تَحْتَهَا الْأَنْهَارُ خَالِدِينَ فِيهَا أَبَدًا ۚ ذَٰلِكَ الْفَوْزُ الْعَظِيمُ – 9:100

And the First and Foremost ones from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar and those who followed them upon good, Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him and He has prepared for them gardens of Paradise beneath which rivers flow, they will remain forever therein, that is the tremendous success. (Sooratut–Towbah (9), aayah 100)

لَّقَدْ رَضِيَ اللَّهُ عَنِ الْمُؤْمِنِينَ إِذْ يُبَايِعُونَكَ تَحْتَ الشَّجَرَةِ 

Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave you the pledge beneath the tree. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 18)

The tree is the tree where the pledge; bay`ah was given at Hudaybiyyah; the pledge that the companions gave to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam in the 6th year after the Hijrah, pledge of Hudaybiyyah, Bay’atu Ridwaan.

فَعَلِمَ مَا فِي قُلُوبِهِمْ فَأَنزَلَ السَّكِينَةَ عَلَيْهِمْ وَأَثَابَهُمْ فَتْحًا قَرِيبًا

So, He knew what was in their hearts and He sent down tranquillity upon them and He rewarded them with a victory close at hand. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 18)

And He said at the end of the Soorah:

مُّحَمَّدٌ رَّسُولُ اللَّهِ ۚ وَالَّذِينَ مَعَهُ أَشِدَّاءُ عَلَى الْكُفَّارِ رُحَمَاءُ بَيْنَهُمْ ۖ تَرَاهُمْ رُكَّعًا سُجَّدًا يَبْتَغُونَ فَضْلًا مِّنَ اللَّهِ وَرِضْوَانًا ۖ سِيمَاهُمْ فِي وُجُوهِهِم مِّنْ أَثَرِ السُّجُودِ ۚ ذَٰلِكَ مَثَلُهُمْ فِي التَّوْرَاةِ ۚ وَمَثَلُهُمْ فِي الْإِنجِيلِ كَزَرْعٍ أَخْرَجَ شَطْأَهُ فَآزَرَهُ فَاسْتَغْلَظَ فَاسْتَوَىٰ عَلَىٰ سُوقِهِ يُعْجِبُ الزُّرَّاعَ لِيَغِيظَ بِهِمُ الْكُفَّارَ ۗ وَعَدَ اللَّهُ الَّذِينَ آمَنُوا وَعَمِلُوا الصَّالِحَاتِ مِنْهُم مَّغْفِرَةً وَأَجْرًا عَظِيمًا – 48:29

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah and those who are with him…
(Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29) 

Meaning the companions (sahaabah)

…those who are with the Messenger (the companions) are stern against the disbelievers, merciful amongst themselves, you will see them bowing and prostrating seeking the bounty of Allaah and His pleasure. Their sign will be upon their faces from the trace of prostration, that is their description in the Towraat… (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)

Meaning, their description, which is mentioned in the Towraat.

…and their description in the Injeel. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)

Meaning their description in the Injeel, which was sent down to ‘Eesaa is:

They are like a plant, which sends out a side shoot, which strengthens it and it becomes firm and stands straight upon its stalk, the sowers are pleased at it so that the disbelievers should become enraged at them. (Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)

So, this aayah is an example about the description of the companions. So, this shows that the person that becomes enraged at the companions or who hates them, he is a kaafir (disbeliever) as is shown by the end of the aayah:

…so that the disbelievers should become enraged at them.
(Sooratul-Fath (48), aayah 29)[11]

His saying, “Because we have only come to know of Allaah and we have come to know of His Messenger and we have come to know of the Qur’aan and we know of good and evil in this world and the Hereafter by way of the aathaar (narrations).” By way of the narrations, which they narrated and they are the ahaadeeth, which they reported from Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So, whoever makes an attack upon the narrations is making an attack upon the Islamic legislation because it was narrated in that case by narrators who were liars and who are not trustworthy and this is the intent of the Jews and the Magians to plot against the Muslims. So, a group of them abuse the companions and their intent is to abolish the sharee`ah (Islamic legislation) for if they can abolish its carriers and its narrators and they can attack the best ones of this nation then their attacking other than the companions is even more likely.

His saying, “For indeed the Qur’aan has more need of the Sunnah than the Sunnah has for the Qur’aan.” The Qur’aan has more need of the Sunnah as we have mentioned because the Sunnah explains and gives explanation of the Qur’aan. So, there are some things left unexplained in the Qur’aan, which have been explained in the Sunnah. So, Allaah has commanded the prayer but He has not made clear the number of its rak`ahs and He has not made clear the description of the prayer and this was made clear by the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and he said:

“Pray as you have seen me praying.”[12]

The Hajj comes in the Qur’aan mujmalan (unexplained) and its explanation was left to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So, he performed Hajj with the Muslims in the Farewell Hajj and he said:

“Take your rights of Hajj from me.”[13]

Meaning, learn from my actions and my sayings what will enable you to carry out your rights of pilgrimage and Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says:

لَّقَدْ كَانَ لَكُمْ فِي رَسُولِ اللَّهِ أُسْوَةٌ حَسَنَةٌ لِّمَن كَانَ يَرْجُو اللَّهَ وَالْيَوْمَ الْآخِرَ وَذَكَرَ اللَّهَ كَثِيرًا 

There is for you in Allaah’s Messenger a fine example for whomever has hope in Allaah and in the Last Day and who makes mention of Allaah a great deal. (Sooratul-Ahzaab (33), aayah 21)

So, the Qur’aan has need of the Sunnah for it to clarify it. So, the person who accepts Qur’aan only then he will cut off the Qur’aan from that which explains and clarifies it and this is the goal of the people of misguidance and those who have deviation in their hearts. Because the people of deviation accept one part of the evidences and they leave the other part which explains it and clarifies it off and they take one part of the evidences, which are unclear and they leave the clear and decisive part, which clarifies it and explains it. This is the way of the people of deviation and the way of those who pretend to have knowledge and the ignorant ones; those who claim knowledge and those who do not know the correct way of deriving evidence nor the principles of establishing proof. So, they make forbidden and declare things lawful without any insight and Allaah’s refuge is sought, aameen, because they have not followed al-manhaj al-`ilm (the correct knowledge based methodology). Rather, they have just learned by themselves or from their own books or with those who are ignorant like themselves.

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s side point: Shaykh as-Suhaymi hafizahullaah mentions in with regard to the narrations; means the authentic narrations of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

[2] Reported by Imaam Ahmad and ad-Daarimiyy and Aboo Daawood and at-Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and Ibn Hibbaan and al-Haakim from a hadeeth of al-Muqadaam ibn Ma`dee Karb radiyAllaahu `anhu. At-Tirmithee said the hadeeth is hasan ghareeb and it has one chain of narration which is hasan (good) and al-Haakim said its chain of narration is saheeh (authentic). Shaykh al-Albaaniyy in his checking of Aboo Daawood declared this hadeeth to be saheeh (authentic).

[3] Reported by Imaam Ahmad and Ibn Maajah and Ibn Abee `Aasim in his book As-Sunnah and Ibn Hibbaan and others besides from a hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit radiyAllaahu `anhu and declared saheeh (authentic) by Al-Busayriyy in Misbaah Az-Zujaajah and again Shaykh al-Albaaniyy declared this hadeeth saheeh (authentic).

[4] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy and Muslim; both of them from a hadeeth of Abu Bakra radiyAllaahu `anhu and Muslim (1,679).

Translator’s side point: Al-Bukhaariyy, it mentions the number (67), which may or may not be correct W`Allaahu A`lam.

[5] Reported by Muslim in his saheeh (1,297) from the hadeeth of Jaabir radiyAllaahu `anhu, the long and famous hadeeth of Jaabir explaining the Hajj.

[6] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy (631) and that being the wording of al-Bukhaariyy and reported by Muslim (674) from Maalik ibn al-Huwayrith radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[7] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy in his saheeh (5,109) and Muslim (1,408) from Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[8] Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee rahimahullaah said,

“I say no-one makes an attack upon Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam except one who is a disbeliever or a hypocrite. And the Qur’aan has recorded for us from the hypocrites and likewise the disbelievers, the attacks that they made upon Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.”

[9] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy (3,650) and reported by Muslim (2,535) from a hadeeth of Imraan ibn al Husayn radiyAllaahu `anhu and the wording being that of al-Bukhaariyy.

[10] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy and Muslim (2,540) from a hadeeth of Aboo Sa`eed al-Khudriyy radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[11] Translator’s side point: Shaykh al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah, he mentions the same evidence as was used by Imaam Maalik rahimahullaah that this aayah is a proof of the disbelief of the Raafidah Shee`ah; those who hate the companions because they no doubt have hatred for the companions.

[12] Hadeeth which has preceded reported by Bukhaariyy and Muslim.

[13] Reported by Muslim (1,297) as came before from a hadeeth of Jaabir radiyAllaahu `anhu

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
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Refraining from Abusing the Companions – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 23 : Point 25 (Part C)
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

(Imaam al-Barbahaaree continued)

Then the best of the people after them are those who accompanied Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for a day, a month or a year or for less than that or more than that. We supplicate for mercy upon them and we mention their virtues and we withhold from speaking about any slips they made. We do not mention a single one of them except favourably because of the saying of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam,

“When my Companions are mentioned then withhold.”

Sufyaan ibn `Uyaynah said, “Whoever speaks against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with a single word then he is a person following desires.”

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Transcribed Audio:

As-suhbah (Companionship) varies; so from it there was long Companionship and being constantly with the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for a long time. Or whoever accompanied him for a short time; however such a person still has the virtue of Companionship even if his Companionship was short in length.

His saying, “We supplicate for mercy for them and we mention their virtues and we withhold from speaking about any slips they made.” Their haqq (right) upon us is that we supplicate for Allaah’s Pleasure upon them, and that we supplicate for Allaah’s Mercy upon them, and that we take them as examples to follow, and that we praise them. And we withhold our tongues from attacking them or a single one of them, or from delving into whatever occurred between them with regard to tribulations and wars; because each one of them was a mujtahid (striving to the best of his ability to attain the Truth). So some of them were a mujtahid (one who strove) and attained what was correct, then he will receive two rewards. And others from them were a mujtahid (one who strove to attain the Truth) but made a mistake, and for him there will be a single reward and the mistake is forgiven. Then also they have tremendous deeds which wipe away whatever occurred from some of them with regard to mistakes.

His saying, “We do not mention anyone of them except favourably…” because they intended the Truth and they strove to attain it; each one of them acted upon his own ijtihaad (striving). So some of them attained what was correct and some of them made a mistake, for which he will be forgiven, and all of them were Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and we do not enter into what occurred between them.

Carefully reflect upon this aayah,

And those who come after them. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 10)

Meaning after the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar.

They say, “O our Lord! Forgive us and our brothers who preceded us upon eemaan and do not place in our hearts any ill-feeling towards those who believed.” (Sooratul-Hashr (59) aayah 10)

And therefore Shaykhul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah rahimahullaah said in that regard, “From the usool (fundamental principles) of the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah is the sincerity, secureness, the soundness of their hearts and their tongues towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.” [01]

‘The soundness of their hearts’; so they do not hate a single one of them. And ‘the sincerity and soundness of their tongues’ means that they do not speak against a single one of them and they do not belittle him. And the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said in the authentic hadeeth, “Do not abuse my Companions for, by the One in whose Hand is my soul, if one of you were to spend the like of Mount Uhud in gold in charity, it would not reach the hands full of one of them, nor even a half of it.” [02]

“Do not abuse my Companions,” but then there comes one who is defective in intellect, whose eemaan is shaky, who is following his desires and he speaks against the Companions of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So this person if he is from the deviant sects then we would not speak at length about him. However, the problem is when he ascribes himself to the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah and yet says, “This is from historical verification.” And do you have the duty put upon you of historical verification such that you have to enter into something which you do not know about and which results in dangerous consequences, and such that you cause the people to have doubts about the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and you provoke the hearts of the people against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam? So what is obligatory is to withhold about whatever disputes occurred between them.

His saying “because of the saying of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, “When my Companions are mentioned then withhold.” [03]

And even more explicit than it is his sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam’s saying, “Do not abuse my Companions.”

This is a prohibition of abusing any one of the Companions. So what is obligatory is that we supplicate for mercy for them and that we supplicate for forgiveness for them, acting upon His saying, He the Most High:

And those who come after them, they say, “O our Lord! Forgive us and our brothers who preceded us upon eemaan.” (Sooratul-Hashr (59) aayah10)

And that we withhold our tongues and our pens from speaking against the Companions of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam; and that we defend them and we refute whoever belittles a single one of the Companions, and we nullify his saying because it is contrary to the correct `aqeedah (creed and belief), the `aqeedah of Ahlus-Sunnah walJamaa`ah.

And Shaykhul-Islaam says in al-Waasitiyyah, “What is related from them is either not authentic, so that is just lies and reports added with an evil intent; and what is authentic from it, then that person is a mujtahid; one striving to attain the truth. And a mujtahid, if he attains what is correct, then he receives two rewards, and if he makes a mistake then he will still get the one reward. And also they have such virtues that will drown out and cover over whatever occurred from some of them with regard to mistakes. [04]

The Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said regarding Haatib ibn Abee Balta`ah radiyAllaahu `anhu when he applied his own ijtihaad and he wrote a letter to the people of Makkah, and `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhu said, “Let me strike off the neck of this hypocrite!” So he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam responded, “You do not know O `Umar, perhaps Allaah looked upon the people of Badr and said ‘Do whatever you wish for I have forgiven you.’” [05] This Companion was one of those who was present at Badr.

His saying, “Sufyaan ibn `Uyaynah said, ‘Whoever speaks against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with a single word then he is a person following desires.’’’ Because no-one speaks against them except a person of desires and one who is trying to render the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam open to attack.

What is obligatory towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam is to have love and respect and honour for them, and to recognise their value, and to take them as a role model to follow because they are the best of generations, and because they saw the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they believed in him, and they accompanied him and they aided him and they fought jihaad along with him, and they carried the knowledge from him. So they are the most excellent ones of this nation. Indeed, they are the most excellent ones of the whole of the creation after the Prophets because Allaah specifically chose them for Companionship of His Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, the last of the Prophets and the most excellent one of the Messengers. So no-one attacks them except one who has in his heart ghill (ill-feeling) and hiqd (hidden hatred) towards Islaam. So he does not attack them because of their persons; rather, he will only attack them because of what they did with regard to aiding this Religion and conveying it faithfully to mankind.

So the one who attacks them is only attacking on that account, because he has hidden hatred towards Islaam and feelings of vengeance towards Islaam, so he seeks to use this means to vent his anger, in order to sever the link of this nation with its Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam; because they (Companions) are the intermediary between us and between the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So, this is the intent of those who attack them And therefore when He mentioned the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar in Sooratul-Hashr, He said;

And those who come after them, they say, “O our Lord! Forgive us and our brothers who preceded us upon eemaan and do not place any ill-feeling in our hearts towards those who believed. (Sooratul-Hashr (59) aayah 10)

So this shows that those who attack them, or a single one of them, then it is just on account of ghill (ill-feeling), which he finds in his heart against them. And therefore Sufyaan ibn `Uyaynah, the great imaam, said, “Whoever speaks against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam with a single word, then he is a person following desires.”

Al-Hawaa (Desires) is what leads him to do this, and the desire is their hatred and their malice towards them. So therefore you’ll find the worst of the people are those who make attacks upon the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and they have been exposed by their lies and by being made hated amongst the people. So no-one will see one of them except that he will have strong dislike for him because Allaah has placed hatred for them upon the earth. So no-one will see one of those who has hatred towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam except that he will find himself having hatred towards them and loathing of them.

This will not harm the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and it will not harm Islaam. So the Companions, their worth and their reward is fully intact for them; and Islaam will persist and will be victorious, and all praise is for Allaah, and those people they only harm themselves. However, fear is for those people who read their books from those who do not have knowledge, so that something falls into his self against the Companions of Allah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and he is affected by that. So how many of the sons of the Muslims have fallen prey to this on account of reading the books of those people? Because if he reads them, then he will be affected by them and he will find himself having some hatred towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, or at the very least their value with him will be diminished and they will decrease in his estimation.

So this is what is to be feared for the youth of the Muslims and for those who are not firmly established with knowledge, that they will be influenced by these books which attack the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, especially since they are propagated now and they are embellished and they are brought out in the finest form with regard to printing and binding and they are promoted at book fairs. So they find that as an opportunity for them to spread and circulate attacks upon the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

And there is no doubt that an attack upon the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) is an attack upon the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam; for how could his Companions have been from those people when they describe them with the evil characteristics that they give to them? So this is indeed is an attack upon the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

And also it is a denial of the Book of Allaah, for Allaah praised the Companions in the tremendous Qur·aan in a number of aayahs, from them His Saying, He, the Most High:

And the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar and those who followed them upon good, Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him; and He has prepared for them gardens beneath which rivers flow; they will dwell therein forever. That is a tremendous success. (Sooratut-Towbah (9) aayah 100)

He, the Most High, said:

Allaah was pleased with those believers when they gave the pledge beneath the tree. So He knew what was in their hearts and therefore He sent down tranquility upon them and He rewarded them with a victory close at hand and with plentiful booty for them to take. (Sooratul-Fat.h (48) aayahs 18-19)

And He, the Most High, said:

Muhammad is the Messenger of Allaah. And those who are with him are stern against the disbelievers, merciful amongst themselves. You will see them bowing and prostrating, seeking Bounty from Allaah and His Pleasure. Their sign is upon their faces from the effect of prostration. That was their example in the Towraat. (Sooratul-Fat.h (48) aayah 29)

Meaning: That was their description in the Towraat. So they are mentioned in the Towraat, just as their Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was mentioned.

And their description in the Injeel
(Sooratul-Fat.h (48) aayah 29)

that which came down to `Eesaa,

(Their description in the Injeel) is that of a plant which puts forth a side shoot so that it strengthens it and it grows strong and stands straight upon its stalk. It delights the sowers; so that Allaah, through them, enrages the disbelievers. (Sooratul-Fat.h (48) aayah 29)

So this shows that no one feels rage towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger and no-one hates them except for a disbeliever, because of His Saying, He, the Most High:

So that Allaah causes the disbelievers to be enraged at them. (Sooratul-Fat.h (48) aayah 29)

So this is a sign of kufr (disbelief). So having hatred towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam is disbelief and nifaaq (hypocrisy), and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

His saying, “(Whoever speaks against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) with a single word then he is a follower of desires.” Meaning if he speaks in belittlement of the Companions with a single word then he is a person of desires.

So if this is the case on account of a single word then how about a person who writes whole books in abuse of them and in maligning/speaking ill of them, and seeks out places where they could have erred and seeks to inflate their seriousness? How about this; if that is the case when a person who speaks a single word against the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam), that he is a person who is a follower of desires, meaning he follows his desires? Because he does not speak except for some desire which he has in his soul and because of his having hatred towards the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam).

Footnotes:

[01] Al-`Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah p.40

[02] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy (no. 3673) and reported by Muslim (no. 2541) from a hadeeth of Aboo Sa`eed al-Khudriyy radiyAllaahu `anhu.

[03] Reported by at-Tabaraaniyy in al-Mu`jamul-Kabeer and Aboo Nu`aym in Hilyatul-Owliyaa· as a hadeeth of `Abdullaah ibn Mas`ood radiyAllaahu `anhu and al-Haafiz al-`Iraaqiyy said in his Takhreejul-Ihyaa·, “Reported by at-Tabaraaniyy as a hadeeth of Ibn Mas`ood with a hasan (good) chain of narration.”

Translator’s side point: Shaykh al-Albaaniyy declared it saheeh (authentic) due to its supports in AsSaheehah (no. 34).

[04] Al-`Aqeedatul-Waasitiyyah p.40

[05] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy (no. 3007) and reported by Muslim as (no. 2494) as a hadeeth of `Aliyy radiyAllaahu `anhu.

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 23

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/sahaba/

The Best of the Companions after the Khulafaa – Sharhu Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 22 : Point 25 (Part B)
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

(Imaam al-Barbahaaree continued)

Then the most excellent of the people after them were: `Aliyy and Talhah and AzZubayr and Sa`d ibn Abee Waqqaas and Sa`eed ibn Zayd and `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Owf and Aboo `Ubaydah `Aamir ibnul-Jarraah. And all of them were suitable to be the khaleefah.

Then the most excellent of the people after them were the rest of the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, the first generation amongst whom he was sent, the first Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar; and they are those who prayed towards the two qiblahs (directions of Prayer).

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Transcribed Audio:

Meaning the most excellent of the Companions after the three khulafaa are the rest of those ten who were given the glad tidings of Paradise, and they are those whom the author mentioned.

His saying, “All of them were suitable to be the khaleefah” – meaning the people of the shoorah (council) whom `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhu entrusted with choosing the next khaleefah after him. Because `Umar, when he was dying, appointed a council to choose the caliph so that the matter would rest with those who remained. Because each one of them was fitting to be a khaleefah, so he referred the affair to them, and they chose `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu.

His saying, “The first generation,” from the most excellent generations, and they were the generation in which the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was sent and they believed in him.

And the word al-as.haab (Companions) is the plural of sahaabiyyun; and a sahaabiyy (a Companion) is whoever met the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam as a believer in him and he died upon that.

• So a person who believed in the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam but he did not meet him, then he is not a Companion such as an-Najjaashiyy [07] (the King of Abyssinia). He is counted as being from the taabi`een, the Successors.

• As for one who met him but did not believe in him then he is not a Companion because the mushrikeen (people of shirk) and the disbelievers met the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam but they did not believe in him.

• And a person who met him and believed in him but then left Islaam then his Companionship is annulled/rendered null and void if he dies upon apostasy. As for if he repented, then Allaah accepted his repentance and his Companionship is restored.

And therefore al-Haafiz ibn Hajar rahimahullaah, in his book an-Nukhbah [08], said, in definition of a Companion, “(He is) whoever met the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam whilst believing in him and he died upon that, even if apostasy occurred in between (his meeting the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and his dying), in the correct saying.” [09] Meaning in the most correct of the two sayings of the scholars. The second saying is that it abolishes his Companionship even if he repents because apostasy renders deeds which are before it null and void.

His saying “The first generation, those amongst whom he was sent amongst the first Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar and they are those who prayed towards the two qiblahs.” The Muhaajiroon (those who emigrated from Makkah) have precedence in mention over the Ansaar, so this shows that the Muhaajiroon have greater excellence through the excellence of performing hijrah (migration) in the cause of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, because they left their homelands and their wealth. And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, mentions the Muhaajiroon before the Ansaar in many aayahs just as He, the Most High, said:

And the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar. (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah100)

For the poor and needy ones from the Muhaajireen, those who were forced out from their homes and their wealth; they left seeking the bounty from Allaah and His pleasure and they aid the Religion of Allaah and His Messenger. They are the true ones. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 8)

Up until His saying:

And also those who resided before them in al-Madeenah and believed. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 9)

Meaning the Ansaar. So He gives precedence to a mention of the Muhaajireen over the Ansaar.

Allaah certainly guided the Prophet and the Muhaajiroon and the Ansaar to turn to Him. (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah117)

This shows that the Muhaajiroon have greater excellence than the Ansaar. And Ansaar is the plural of Ansaariyy, and they are believers from (the tribes of) Ows and Khazraj, the people of Madeenah, those who gave the pledge to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam at al-`Aqabah. He (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) migrated to them and they aided him and supported him and sheltered him and sheltered the Companions radiyAllaahu `anhum along with him. He, the Most High, said with regard to them, the Ansaar:

And those who resided in al-Madeenah before them and believed, they love those who emigrate to them and they do not find in their chests any resentment on account of what they had been given and they give precedence to them over themselves even though they themselves were in need. And whoever is saved from the avarice of his self then they are the successful ones. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 9)

To begin with they were called al-Ows wal-Khazraj (the tribes of Ows and Khazraj). Then when they gave the pledge to the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam to aid him (nusrah), he called them al-Ansaar (the aiders or the helpers), meaning the aiders of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

Footnotes:

[07] Translator’s side point: He lived in the time of the Prophet but he was in a separate land. He heard about the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and he believed in him but he was not able to get to him and meet him.

[08] Translator’s side point: a book regarding sciences of hadeeth

[09] Nukhbatul-Fikr with the explanation Mullaa `Aliyy al-Qaaree

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 22

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

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Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/sahaba/

The Best of this Ummah and all Umam after the Prophets is Aboo Bakr then `Umar then `Uthmaan – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 22 : Point 25 (Part A)
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

And the most excellent one of this nation and of all nations after the Prophets [01] salawaatullaahi `alayhim ajma`een is Aboo Bakr then `Umar then `Uthmaan. This is what is reported to us from Ibn `Umar that he said, “We used to say whilst Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was amongst us that the best of the people after Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam is Aboo Bakr and `Umar and `Uthmaan and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam would hear that and he would not criticise it.” [02]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

The most excellent generation is the generation in which Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was raised, then those who followed them, then those who followed them. And they are al-quroon al-mufaddalah (the most excellent generations).

And the most excellent ones from the most excellent generations were: the sahaabah (Companions) radiyAllaahu `anhum. Then the Companions themselves, they vary in degree of excellence. And the most excellent of them was Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq, the one who believed in him when he first came (as a Messenger). He supported him and defended him and he spent from his money to help him, and he would accompany him until his death. Then he became the khaleefah (caliph) after him and he fulfilled this role in the best way, and Allaah established the Religion through him after the feet of the people had been shaken by the death of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So Allaah made him as firm as the mountains so that the nation became firm on account of him, and He rebutted the apostates through him and the disbelievers, and he consolidated Islaam after the passing away of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. Then he passed away and he was buried along with the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So he was his Companion in life and in death and he was his companion in the cave.

He the Most High said:

When the two of them were in the cave, when he said to his companion, do not grieve, Allaah is with us. (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah 40)

So he is the most excellent one of the nation. Then he is followed by `Umar ibn alKhattaab radiyAllaahu `anhu, the second of the khulafaa·; then he is followed by `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu; then he is followed by `Aliyy radiyAllaahu `anhu. They are the four Rightly Guided Khulafaa·, may Allaah be pleased with them and cause them to be pleased.

Then the rest of the ten most excellent ones about whom it was testified that they will be in Paradise. And they are the four Rightly Guided Khulafaa· and Sa`d ibn Abee Waqqaas, Sa`eed ibn Zayd ibn `Amr ibn Nufayl and Talhah ibn `Ubaydillaah and AzZubayr ibn `Awwaam and Aboo `Ubaydah `Aamir ibnul-Jarraah and `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Owf. So they are the ten who are promised Paradise. The Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam bore witness for them of Paradise, so they are the most excellent ones from the Companions.

The Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“Aboo Bakr will be in Paradise and `Umar will be in Paradise and `Aliyy will be in Paradise and `Uthmaan will be in Paradise and Talhah will be in Paradise and AzZubayr will be in Paradise and `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Owf will be in Paradise and Sa`d ibn Abee Waqqaas will be in Paradise and Sa`eed ibn Zayd ibn `Amr ibn Nufayl will be in Paradise and Aboo `Ubaydah ibnul-Jarraah will be in Paradise.’’ [03]

Then after them: those who were the people of the Battle of Badr, then those who were present at the Bay`atur-Ridwaan (the ‘pledge of those who earned Allaah’s pleasure’) from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar [04], then those who accepted Islaam and performed the hijrah before the Conquest, they are more excellent than those who accepted Islaam and migrated after the Conquest. So they vary in degree of excellence radiyAllaahu `anhum in accordance with their precedence in accepting Islaam and with their position in Islaam. And they (all of the Companions) have the general virtue which cannot be reached by anyone else, and it is as-suhbah (Companionship) to Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and al-hijrah (to perform the emigration). And the Muhaajiroon (those who were in Makkah and then they emigrated to al-Madeenah) they are more excellent than the Ansaar (the Muslims of al-Madeenah). This is a virtue which is general to all of them (Companionship); no-one who came after them can reach it. So they are the most excellent of the generations and the best of the generations, may Allaah be pleased with them and may He cause them to be pleased.

So whoever attacks them or hates them then he is a disbeliever in Allaah, because Allaah has extolled them, Allaah has praised them and chose them for Companionship of His Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So the person who makes an attack upon the Companions or declares them to be disbelievers or belittles them is a disbeliever in Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, denying the truth of Allaah and His Messenger; because Allaah, the Most High, said:

And the first and foremost [in believing in Allaah and His Messenger] from the Muhaajiroon (emigrants) and Ansaar (helpers) and those who followed them exactly [in faith and in emigrating, seeking His Pleasure], Allaah is pleased with all of them, and they are pleased with Him. (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah 100)

Indeed, Allaah was pleased with the believers when they gave their bay’ah (pledge) to you (O Muhammad) under the tree. (Sooratul-Fat.h (48), aayah 18)

His saying, “This is what is reported to us from Ibn `Umar that he said, ‘We used to say whilst Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam was amongst us that the best of the people after Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam is Aboo Bakr and `Umar and then `Uthmaan.’” [05]

As for Aboo Bakr and `Umar then this is ijmaa` (consensus) about that. As for the level of excellence between `Uthmaan and `Aliyy then that is a point of disagreement. Some of them preferred `Uthmaan and some of them preferred `Aliyy radiyAllaahu ta`aalaa `anhumaa wa ardaahumaa (may Allaah be pleased with both of them and cause them to be pleased). But as for Aboo Bakr and `Umar then these two are the most excellent of this nation by consensus, ijmaa` of the Muslims; this is with regard to virtue. As for with regard to the khilaafah (Caliphate) then there has to be this (correct) order: Aboo Bakr and then `Umar and then `Uthmaan and then `Aliyy. So whoever accuses the khilaafah (Caliphate) of one of them then he is astray (daal).

Shaykhul-Islaam (Ibn Taymiyyah) said in al-Waasitiyyah: “Whoever attacks the khilaafah of one of those then he is more astray than a domesticated donkey,” because he has gone against the ijmaa’ (consensus) of the Muslims. Because the Muslims agreed in consensus upon giving precedence to Aboo Bakr for the khilaafah, then upon giving precedence to `Umar after him, then to `Uthmaan and then to `Aliyy. So a person who gives precedence to `Aliyy and says he had more right to the khilaafah even than Aboo Bakr, and who says that khilaafah after the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam should have gone to `Aliyy because he was the appointed successor of the Messenger and he was the real khaleefah but Aboo Bakr and the Companions, they wronged him and seized the khilaafah from him, this is to declare the whole nation astray – and Allaah’s refuge is sought – and it is contrary to the texts which occur with regard to the order of those khulafaa·.

So the order with regard to the khilaafah is a point of ijmaa` (consensus), but as for the order with regard to superiority between `Aliyy and `Uthmaan, that is a point of disagreement. And what is correct is that `Uthmaan was more excellent because the Companions, and amongst them was `Aliyy radiyAllaahu `anhu, they chose him as a khaleefah; they chose `Uthmaan as a khaleefah to succeed Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And `Aliyy was present and the Companions chose `Uthmaan. The fact that the Companions chose `Uthmaan is a proof that he was more excellent. `Abdur-Rahmaan ibn `Owf said “I saw that the people do not take anyone else as being the equal of ‘Uthmaan (after passing away of Umar radiyAllaahu `anhu) .” [06] So this shows he was more excellent.

Footnotes:

[01] Translator’s side point: There is a slightly different wording in some of the editions. Some versions have: “The best of this nation after the passing away of its Prophet.”

[02] Translator’s side point: This statement is reported by al-Bukhaariyy (no. 3,655 and 3,698) reported from Ibn `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhumaa.

[03] This is reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad and At-Tirmithiyy in his Sunan and Ibn Hibbaan in his Saheeh and by others.

Translator’s side point: This hadeeth was declared Saheeh (authentic) by Shaykh al-Albaaniyy in his checking of al-Mishkaat (no. 6109 and 6110).

[04] Translator’s side point: The Bay`atur-Ridwaan happened in the 11th month Thul-Qa`dah of the 6th year

[05] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy (no. 3698) as a narration of Ibn `Umar radiyAllaahu `anhumaa.

[06] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy in his Saheeh (no. 7207) from al-Miswar ibn Makhrama radiyAllaahu `anhu

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 22

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/sahaba/

Whoever claims that there remains anything from Islaam not sufficiently explained by the Companions then he has lied against them – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 12 : Point 08
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

The author Imam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said,

And know, may Allaah have mercy upon you, that a person’s Islaam will not be complete until he is one who follows, one who attests and one who submits (to the Book and the Sunnah). So whoever claims that there remains anything from Islaam not sufficiently explained by the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam then he has lied against them. And this is sufficient for a person as a separation from them, and as an attack upon them. So he is an innovator, astray, leading others astray, introducing into Islaam that which is not from it.

[Souncloud Audio Link

The Explanation (Transcription of above Audio):

This is a completion of the previous speech. So his saying, “A person’s Islaam will not be complete until he is one who is a follower (of the Book and the Sunnah), one who attests to it, one who submits to it.” He is one who follows, not one who innovates. He should be one who believes and attests to the Truth, not one who has doubts and is uncertain. “One who submits” meaning one who submits to the Book and the Sunnah, because these matters require submission. They are not matters were argumentation is acceptable. So we submit to Allaah and to his Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and we do not argue about this matter, or we do not give our own opinion, as they say, along with the Speech of Allaah and the speech of His Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.

His saying, “So whoever claims that anything remains from the affair of Islaam which the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam have not sufficed us with regard to (not sufficiently explained to us) then he has lied against them.” Meaning whoever claims that the Companions fell short in clearly explaining and in clarifying and in conveying it to the people from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and claims that he has scope to speak or to add something, then he intends evil for the people. Because the Companions radiyAllaahu`anhum did not leave anything from that which they heard from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam or anything which they saw from him except that they conveyed it to the nation faithfully; and they made it clear to the nation.

And therefore for this reason the tafseer (explanation of the Qur’aan) of the Companions is given precedence over the tafseer of anyone after them. Because they were the students of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they heard the Qur’aan from him sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they heard the ahaadeeth (his sayings) from him and they heard the explanation of the Qur’aan from him, and they saw his sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam actions and they conveyed that faithfully. So they did not leave out anything at all.

So whoever claims that they fell short and left something out that they did not convey then he is a liar and an inventor of falsehood. He is astray/misguided, leading others astray, trying to cause the people to have doubts of the Religion of Allaah and about its carriers from the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger, sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And he is acting treacherously towards the Companions, as is the way with the people of innovation. They betray the Companions and make false accusations against them in order to remove the intermediary link between us and between Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So it is obligatory to beware of those people and that we should know the true worth of the Companions and their status radiyAllaahu `anhum.

Where did this Qur’aan come to us from? And these ahaadeeth (sayings of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) and this fiqh (knowledge of the Religion). It did not come except through them taking it and carrying it from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. They are the ones who carried it to us and they narrated it to us completely, each one in accordance with the amount which Allaah gifted him with and each one in accordance with his own ability. They did not leave anything from the Religion of Allaah except that they conveyed it just as they took it from Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And they are fully trustworthy because Allaah chose them to be Companions of His Prophet and to take from him and to narrate from him. Allaah chose them for that, and then people come along and accuse them of falling short or accuse them of having deficiency. No one says this except one who is astray, trying to lead other people astray. He wants to cut off the link of this nation with the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and therefore to cut off their link with Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. We were not present at the gatherings of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and we didn’t hear him; and between us and him there are many centuries. So the honourable Companions radiyAllaahu`anhum, they are the ones who conveyed to us from the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So the status of the Companions in the Religion is a tremendous status and they cannot be accused of having concealed anything or having hidden anything, and of not bringing it out openly.

His saying, “Then he is an innovator. He is astray, leading others astray, introducing into Islaam that which is not from it.” This is his intent, to introduce into Islaam that which is not from it, and he will not be able to do this unless he makes attacks upon the Companions and he betrays them and lies against them. Then he will be able to bring things from himself and say, “This is the religion which it is obligatory for us to proceed upon.” This is their goal in lying against the Companions and in betraying them and in belittling them. So that they can take the opportunity to establish for the people a religion from themselves, and in accordance with their intellects and their opinions; and so that we should take from shaykhs of misguidance and imaams of misguidance; those who change the Sunnah of the Messenger, sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam by lying/falsehood and who falsely bring about shaykhs and chains [01] from themselves in contradiction to sources of Islaam. This is something which is clear, which is present in what they pass on and in their thinking.

However, and all praise is for Allaah, any misguidance which may persist with them is surrounded and restricted and is exposed by the light of the truth and the light of revelation. These expose the many lies which they are guilty of and which are written in their books. [02]

Footnotes:

[01] Editor’s note: meaning chains of narration

[02] Translator’s side point: Shaykh Saalih ibn Sa`d as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah said in his taped explanation,

“It is related from Imaam Maalik, rahimahullaah ta`aalaa, that he used to say, ‘Whoever introduces an innovation into the Religion, thinking that it is something good, then he has claimed that Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam betrayed his duty to convey the Message, because Allaah, the Most High, says:

This day have I completed your Religion for you, and perfected My favour upon you, and am pleased with Islaam as your Religion.’ (Sooratul-Maa·idah (5), aayah 3)

Shaykh as-Suhaymee said, “Refer for the references of this report to al-I`tisaam of ash-Shaatibee, alBida` of Ibn Waddaah, Sharh Usool `Itiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah of al-Laalikaa·ee.

And it is related from Imaam ash-Shaafi`ee rahimahullaah that he said, ‘Whoever sanctions an action as being something good then he has legislated (brought about Islaamic legislation).’ Meaning: whoever holds something to be good from himself, and introduces it into the Religion as an innovation, then he has set himself up as one who can legislate besides Allaah.

And Imaam Maalik rahimahullaah also said  when a man came to him and said, ‘O Aboo `Abdillaah! Where should I enter the state of ihraam from?’ (the state which you enter when you want to perform `Umrah or Hajj) So he replied, ‘You enter the state of ihraam from Thul-Hulayfah, from the place where Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam entered the state of ihraam.’ (Imaam Maalik was the Imaam of Madeenah, and the man who was asking him in the city of Madeenah) So then the man said, ‘But I want to enter the state of ihraam from Madeenah itself, from the vicinity of the grave.’ So Imaam Maalik said, ‘But I fear for you fitnah (evil, tribulation).’ The man said, ‘And what fitnah can there be? It’s just some miles which I’m adding.’ So Imaam Maalik said, ‘I fear for you fitnah, because Allaah, the Most High says:

So let those who contradict the command of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam beware, lest a fitnah (trial/tribulation) befall them or a painful punishment.’ (Sooratun-Noor (24), aayah 63)

Shaykh as-Suhaymee said, “So the affair is dangerous; that a person introduces innovation into the Religion. He is dangerous, and introduces that which is not from it. The affair is at the limit of danger.”

Transcribed by Fawad Abu Zaid Al Afghaani. Download PDF of Lesson 12

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

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Related Links :

The foundation which the Jamaa’ah is built upon is the Companions of Muhammad ﷺ – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 04 : Point 3A
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam al-Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said,

And the foundation which the Jamaa`ah is built upon is the Companions of Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, may Allaah have mercy upon all of them. And they are the Ahlus-Sunnah walJamaa`ah, the People of the Sunnah and the United Body upon the Truth. So whoever does not take from them then he has gone astray and innovated, and every innovation is misguidance, and misguidance and its people will be in the Fire.

[Souncloud Audio Link

The Explanation (Transcription of above Audio):

His saying, “And the foundation upon which the Jamaa`ah is built upon” – who are the Jamaa`ah who have this status? They are the Companions of Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and those who come after them from the Taabi`een (their successors) and from the successors of the Taabi`een, and the most excellent generations. They are the Jamaa`ah and whoever follows them from the later peoples, they are the Jamaa`ah; those whom it is obligatory upon the Muslims to be with, whatever harm comes upon him and whatever threats and whatever blame and whatever attacks – he should still have patience upon that and he should bear it, as long as he is upon the Truth. So he should not deviate away from the Truth, rather he should have patience upon whatever befalls him, otherwise he will just be a target for those people with evil intentions and the callers to evil and the callers to misguidance.

He the Most High said:

And the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajireen (the Muslims who emigrated from Makkah) and the Ansaar (the Muslims of Madeenah who gave them shelter) and those who followed them upon good. Allaah is pleased with them and they are pleased with Him.[1] (Sooratut-Towbah (9), aayah 100)

And He the Most High, when He mentioned the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar in Sooratul-Hashr, He said:

And those who come after them they say, O our Lord forgive us and our brothers who preceded us in Eemaan and do not place any ill feeling in our hearts towards those who truly believe. O our Lord, you are Compassionate, Merciful. (Sooratul-Hashr (59), aayah 10)

So the one who comes later he follows the earlier one from the people of the Truth and good even if there is a long period of time between him and them, he adheres to what they were upon no matter what it costs him, he should have patience.

His saying, “the Companions of Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam” – from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar because they were the ones who accompanied the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and they fought jihaad along with him and they aided him and they bore the Religion and they conveyed it to us; so they are the intermediaries between us and between Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So those people who abuse the Companions or belittle them, they only want to demolish Islaam; however they come with this ploy. So when they speak against the Companions and they devalue them, then what will remain at that time from the intermediary that is between us and the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam? Their intent is to cut off the connection with the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajireen and the Ansaar so that the nation will go astray; otherwise what else could lead them to abusing the Companions? Did they have any dispute with the Companions with regard to money or something else? Have the Companions caused them any personal harm when there are many centuries between them and the Companions?

So what led them to this is hatred in the hearts, because the Companions they are the ones who bore this Religion. So they want to cut off the link between the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and his nation so that this Religion falls. This is their intent.[2]

His saying, “and they (the Companions of Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) are the People of the Sunnah and of the Jamaa`ah (the United Body of the Muslims upon the Truth).” The Companions of Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and those who came after them, those who followed them upon good, they are the People of the Sunnah, meaning the people of the correct path; and it is the ‘Sunnah’ which we have explained in this book (the Sunnah referring to the path that which the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and his Companions were upon).

And they are the true Jamaa`ah; but as for the uniting of others besides them, upon false and futile matters then they are not called the Jamaa`ah even if they are many in number.

You think that they are all together but their hearts are actually divided.
(Sooratul-Hashr 59, aayah 14)

So the Jamaa`ah is whoever is upon the Truth. So the person who says, “I am with such-and-such hizb (party); this group is a jamaa`ah and you people say, “Adhere to the Jamaa`ah” and they are a jamaa`ah.” So we say to them, “Who said to you that those people are the Jamaa`ah. The Jamaa`ah is those who are upon the Truth; whoever is upon the Sunnah, they are the Jamaa`ah.”

His saying, “So whoever does not take from them (the Companions radiyAllaahu `anhum) then he has gone astray and has innovated.” Whoever does not take his Religion from the Companions, those who are the conveyers of the Book and the Sunnah, then he is not upon the Truth. So if they are attacked and accused then what they convey is nullified, and Allaah’s refuge is sought. And the intent of the enemies of Allaah and His Messenger is indeed to nullify Islaam, however they came with this filthy trick in order to cause a separation between the later people and the early people from the Muslims, so that it will be easy for them to devour the later people and easy to chew them up. But as for if the people tie themselves to the first Jamaa`ah and to the Book and the Sunnah then that will never be easy for them to do, indeed it will be impossible for them to chew them up by the permission of Allaah. His saying, “then he has gone astray” – meaning he has strayed away from the Truth and become lost.

“and he has innovated”– Innovation is whatever is from the matters of worship or from matters of creed and beliefs or from sayings and it does not have a proof from the Book and the Sunnah (that is an innovation). He sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“Whoever does an action which our affair is not in accordance with, it is rejected.” [3]

And in a narration,

“Whoever introduces into this affair of ours that which is not from it then it is rejected.” [4]

And he said,

“And beware of newly introduced matters for every newly introduced matter is a bid`ah (an innovation) and every innovation is misguidance” [5].

So innovation is whatever has been introduced into the Religion and it is not from it. And how can it be known that it is not from it?

If it does not have a daleel, a proof, then it is not from the Religion, because Allaah the Majestic and Most High says:

This day have I completed your Religion for you [6]
(Sooratul-Maa·idah (5), aayah 3)

So the Religion is complete, and all praise is for Allaah; it does not accept any additions. So it is just upon us to come to know of the Religion which Allaah the Mighty and Majestic completed, and to cling to it and that we abandon whatever is besides it from additions and from things which people deem to be good introductions and from supplements and from other than that, because these things only take people farther away from Allaah the Majestic and Most High. And there will follow a clarification that: No people introduce an innovation except that its like (a like amount of it) will be taken away from the Sunnah.[7]

So this is the correct and straight path, adhering to the Jamaa`ah, adhering to the Sunnah and abandoning innovations.

His saying, “And every innovation is misguidance” – so there is no such thing as bid`ah hasanah, ‘good innovation’, as some people say. Rather all innovations are misguidance by the textual statement of the hadeeth of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam when he said,

“For every newly invented matter is an innovation (bid`ah) and every innovation is misguidance.” [8]

So innovations in the Religion, there is nothing good from them at all, rather all of them are misguidance and this is the speech of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam who did not speak from desires.

His saying, “And misguidance and its people will be in the Hell Fire” – Misguidance and the people of misguidance will be in the Fire, either on account of their disbelief or on account of sin. So innovations are not of one level only. Some of them are kufr, disbelief, such that its person will be forever in the Fire, such as seeking aid from the dead and making supplication to the dead and making sacrifice to other than Allaah and making vows to other than Allaah – so these are innovations which are disbelief, kufr. And likewise denying the Names of Allaah and His and Attributes as is said by the Jahmiyyah, those who deny the Names and Attributes. So this is kufr, disbelief, and Allaah’s refuge is sought, because they describe Allaah as not having names or attributes; so in that case He would be nonexistent! Because that which exists must have attributes and the one who has no attributes does not exist. And therefore the Imaams judged that the Jahmiyyah are disbelievers, those who said that the Qur·aan is a created thing. So they made the Qur·aan which is the Speech of Allaah and His Revelation and that which He sent down, they made it a created thing, such as the rest of the created things. And they said Allaah does not speak so therefore they likened Him to an inanimate object; and one who does not speak cannot be a god/one deserving of worship. He the Most High said:

And the people of Moosaa in his absence made out of the jewellery of the Copts a calf in bodily form which produced a mooing sound. Do they not then see that it could not speak to them and nor could it guide them upon the way? (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 148)

So this shows that the one who does not speak cannot be an ilaah, one deserving of worship; whereas the Jahmiyyah say Allaah does not speak, so therefore He would not be one deserving of worship, High and Exalted is Allaah above what they say. And there occurs in Soorah Taahaa:

Do they not see that it cannot respond to them with any saying and it does not possess any power to harm or benefit them. (Soorah Taahaa (20), aayah 89)

Meaning the calf – if they were to speak to it, it could not respond to them, so therefore was it befitting that it could be one deserving of worship? [9] And Ibraaheem `alayhissalaam said to the worshippers of the idols:

So ask them if they are able to speak.

So they said to him:

You already know that they (these idols) can’t speak.

So then he said to them:

Then will you worship besides Allaah that which cannot benefit you at all and cannot harm you. Uff (word of anger and disgust) to you and to that which you worship besides Allaah! Do you have no intellect which prevents you from this? (Sooratul-Anbiyaa· (21), aayahs 66-67)

Allaah, the Majestic and Most High says:

And your Lord said, call upon Me, I will respond to you.
(Soorah Ghaafir (40), aayah 60)

He described Himself that He says and He speaks. So the one who does not speak He is not one deserving of worship. So therefore many of the Imaams declared the heads of the Jahmiyyah to be disbelievers, but not their blind followers or those who were just followers, those to whom the Truth had not become clear, but rather they were just blindly following upon ignorance. Those people are a case for examination and the matter must be clarified to them, and then if they persist, then judgement that they are disbelievers will be passed.

Foot notes:

[1] Translator’s side point: In tafseer of this aayah ‘And the first and foremost ones’ the people of tafseer such as at-Tabaree and those who came after them like al-Baghawee, as-Sam`aanee, Ibn Katheer and others mention a number of different sayings with regard to who are those actually meant by ‘the first and foremost ones’ (from the Muslims). Amongst what at-Tabaree brings, he brings with an authentic chain of narration from the noble Taabi`ee Sa`eed ibnul-Musayyib that he said, “The first Muhaajireen (referred to here) they are the ones who prayed towards both qiblahs” meaning the ones who accepted Islaam before the qiblah was changed, so they prayed toward Jerusalem then when the qiblah was changed they prayed towards Makkah afterwards.

Likewise the great Salafee mufassir Aboo Muzaffar as-Sam`aanee in his tafseer, he mentioned four saying in explanation of this aayah. One of the sayings, he mentioned this same saying as Sa`eed ibnul Musayyib and he mentioned it also from Ibn Sireen and a group. Then he mentioned three further saying as well with regards to who are ‘the first and foremost ones’. The first saying he mentioned was that they are the people of Badr, meaning the people who fought at Badr; they had accepted Islaam by that time, in the second year. The second saying he quotes is that they are the people of Bay`atur-Ridwaan, the people who gave the pledge at the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah in Thul-Qa`dah in the sixth year. The third saying he quoted is that the first and foremost ones from the Muhaajireen are the ones who accepted Islaam before the Hijrah, and the first and foremost ones from the Ansaar are those who gave the pledge to Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam on the night of `Aqabah just before the Hijrah, those who accepted Islaam in Madeenah and they came for the Hajj and gave the pledge of `Aqabah to Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. Shaykul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah preferred the view that they were those who accepted Islaam before the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah, and as it is known that those at the treaty of Hudaybiyyah were one thousand and four hundred and more in number. Likewise Shaykh al-Fowzaan said the same thing in his explanation of al-Waasitiyyah, that ‘the first and foremost ones’ refers to those who had accepted Islaam before the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah in the eleventh month of the sixth year. An evidence for that is an aayah from Sooratul-Hadeed (57), aayah 10:

They are not equal, those who spent in charity before the Conquest (meaning the Treaty of Hudaybiyyah) and who fought…(to the end of the aayah)

[2] Translator’s side point: Shaykh Saalih as-Suhaymee hafizahullaah said in his explanation, “The author rahimahullaah explained the importance of following and of adhering to this methodology, and that the foundation of that methodology is what we have explained a short while ago, that the foundation of the Jamaa`ah is, after Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, the Companions ridwaanullaahi `alayhim ajma`een (may Allaah be pleased with them all). So whoever makes an attack upon the Companions then he has made an attack upon the whole of Islaam and whoever abuses the Companions then he has abused Islaam and whoever maligns and attacks the Companions, then he has spoken against and accused Islaam and whoever belittles the Companions then he has belittled Islaam. Why is this the case? Because they are the ones who conveyed Islaam to us so if it were not for them Islaam would not have reached us, if it were not for the Companions, Islaam would not have reached us, for Islaam only came to us by way of them. They are the ones who conveyed the Qur·aan to us and they are the ones who conveyed the Sunnah to us and therefore Allaah praised them for that… So whoever claims that they left Islaam, became apostates (the same as the Raafidah Shee`ah say) or that they changed and altered then he is the apostate and he is the one who is changing and altering and he is the one who is making a change in the Religion.”

[3] Reported by Muslim in his Saheeh (no. 1718) and reported by al-Bukhaaree in disconnected form in his Saheeh from a hadeeth of Aa`ishah radiyAllaahu `anhaa.

[4] Reported by al-Bukhaaree in his Saheeh (no.2 550) and by Muslim in his Saheeh (no. 1718) from Aa`ishah radiyAllaahu `anhaa.

[5] This is part of a hadeeth of al-`Irbaad ibn Saariyah radiyAllaahu `anhu, and its checking has preceded. Translator’s side point: The checking of this hadeeth is reported by Imaam Ahmad and Aboo Daawood and at-Tirmithee and Ibn Maajah and it was declared authentic by Shaykh al-Albaanee.

[6] Translator’s side point: This aayah came down on the day of `Arafah on the 10th year of the Hijrah.

(There is) a famous saying from Imaam Maalik: So whatever was not Religion on that day it will never be Religion today.

[7] Hassaan ibn `Atiyyah (from the Taabi`een) rahimahullaah said, “A people never introduce an innovation in their Religion except that Allaah takes away from their Sunnah its like and then He does not return it to them right until the Day of Resurrection.” Reported by ad-Daarimee and Aboo Nu`aym in al-Hilyah and al-Laalikaa·ee in Sharh Usool I`tiqaad Ahlis-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah.

Translator’s side point: With regards to this Taabi`ee, Hassaan ibn Atiyyah, Shaykh al-Albaanee said in his notes to al-Mishkaat, “He was a great and noble Taabi`ee who died in the year 130.” Shaykh alAlbaanee said with regard to this report from him, “Its chain of narration is saheeh and its like is also reported as a saying of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu reported by Abul-`Abbaas ibn al-Assam in his hadeeth.”

[8] This occurs in a number of ahaadeeth, from them the hadeeth of al-`Irbaad ibn Saariyah which has just preceded, also a hadeeth of Jaabir reported by an-Nasaa·ee (no. 1578) and also by Ibn Khuzaymah in his Saheeh; and the basis of this hadeeth occurs in Saheeh Muslim (no. 768).

[9] Translator’s note: Of course not!

Points discussed by Shaykh Saalih al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah :

  • Who are the Jam`aah whom it is obligatory for the Muslims to follow?
  • The intent of those who speak against the Companions
  • The meaning of the term Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah
  • The definition of bid`ah, innovation in the Religion
  • Every (religious) innovation is misguidance
  • The people of misguidance will be in the Fire
  • Denying Allaah’s Names and Attributes is kufr, disbelief
  • A refutation of the Jahmiyyah who deny Allaah’s Speech

Transcribed by Umm Safiyyah Madeehah Ahmad. Download PDF of Lesson 04

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah – Imam Barbaharee

Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/sahaba/

The Torture Endured by the Companions Because of their Adherence to Tawheed – Shaykh Rabee ibn Hadee

The Companions of Allaah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)   suffered the worst forms of torture because of their adherence to the correct ‘aqeedah, and their making all worship purely and sincerely for Allaah alone, and their rejection of shirk and kufr.

From ’Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood, radiyallaahu ‘anhu, who said, “The first people to openly proclaim their Islaam were seven: Allaah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)  , Aboo Bakr, ’Ammaar and his mother Sumayyah, Suhayb, Bilaal and al-Miqdaad. So as for Allaah’s Messenger (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)  , Allaah gave him protection through his uncle Aboo Taalib. As for Aboo Bakr, Allaah gave him protection through his people. But as for the rest of them, the Mushriks would take hold of them and dress them in iron armour and place them to scorch and roast in the sun. There was not one of them except that they responded to them except Bilaal, for his soul became as nothing to him for Allaah’s sake, and his people had no respect for him. So they gave him to the children who used to drag him around the streets of Makkah and he would say repeatedly, ‘(He who has the right to worship is) One, One.’”[1]

In the Seerah of Ibn Hishaam [2] there occurs: ’Umayyah ibn Khalf used to take him (Bilaal) out in the midday heat of the sun, and throw him down upon his back, on the ground of the flat valley bed of Makkah, and he would order for a large rock to be placed on his chest. Then he would say, “By Allaah, you will stay like this until you die, unless you disbelieve in Muhammad (صلّى الله عليه وسلّم)   and you worship al-Laat and al-’Uzzaa.” So he would say, whilst he was in that condition, “(He who alone has the right to worship is) One, One.”

Sumayyah was tortured until death because of the ‘aqeedah of tawheed not becasue she was a political leader. So from Mujaahid who said, “The first martyr in Islaam was Sumayyah the mother of ’Ammaar. Aboo Jahl thrust a spear into her abdomen.”[3]

Ibn Sa’d said, “She accepted Islaam early on in Makkah and she was one of those who was tortured to force them to abandon their religion. But she bore and endured it until Aboo Jahl came to her and thrust a spear into her abdomen and she died.”[4]

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by al-Haakim in al-Mustadrak (3/284) and he declared it saheeh and adh-Dhahabee mentioned it in Siyar A’laamin-Nubalaa (1/348) and he said, “It has a saheeh chain of narration…”

[2] Seerah of Ibn Hishaam (1/318).

[3] At-Tabaqaat of Ibn Sa’d (8/264/265). He said, “Ismaa’eel ibn ’Umar, Abul-Mundhir related to us that Sufyaan ath-Thawree narrated to us from Mansoor from Mujaahid who said…” This is a saheeh chain of narration to Mujaahid.

[4] Tabaqaat Ibn Sa’d (8/264).

The above is excerpted from  the book : “The Methodology of the Prophets in Calling to Allaah – that is the way of wisdom and intelligence” – by Shaykh Rabee’ ibn Haadee al-Madkhalee hafidhahullaah, translated by Dawud Burbank rahimahullah

The Rightly Guided Caliphs (al-Khulafaa ur-Raashideen) – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 54 : Point [200]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

200. And we affirm the Caliphate after Allaah’s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) : firstly for Aboo Bakr as-Siddeeq (radiyallaahu anhu), affirming his excellence and precedence over the whole of the Ummah; then for Umar ibn al-Khattaab (radiyallaahu anhu); then for Uthmaan (radiyallaahu anhu) ; then for Alee ibn Abee Taalib (radiyallaahu anhu); and they are the rightly guided Caliphs (al-Khulafaa ur-Raashideen), and the rightly guided Imaams.

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Index Page of Companions – https://abdurrahman.org/sahaba

We do not go beyond the due limits in love of any one of Companions – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 53 : Points [195-199]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

195. And we do not go beyond the due limits in love of any one of them.

196. And we do not disown and free ourselves from anyone of them.

197. And we hate whoever hates them,

198. And (we hate) whoever mentions them with other than good; and we do not mention them except with good.

199. And love of them is Religion (Deen), true-Faith(Eemaan), and goodness (Ihsaan); and hatred of them is Unbelief (Kufr), Hypocrisy (Nifaaq) and Transgression (Tughyaan).

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Index Page of Companions – https://abdurrahman.org/sahaba

We love the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger – Aqeedah Tahawiyyah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 53 : Point [194]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

194. And we love the Companions of Allaah’s Messenger صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم 

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Other useful resources:

Index Page of Companions – https://abdurrahman.org/sahaba