The Hajj and fighting Jihaad along with the ruler continue. Jumu’ah Prayer behind faasiq Ruler is allowed – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 25 : Point 27
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

And the Hajj and fighting jihaad along with the ruler continue. And the Jumu`ah Prayer behind them is allowed; and after it six rak`ahs are prayed, separating each pair of rak`ahs. This was the saying of Ahmad ibn Hanbal.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

The functions carried out by the ruler are many, and the place to find them enumerated and to find them mentioned together, and where you can acquaint yourself with them is the books on the rulings relating to rulership (al-ahkaamus-sultaaniyyah) such as alAhkaamus-Sultaaniyyah of al-Maawardiyy and al-Ahkaamus-Sultaaniyyah of Aboo Ya`laa al-Hanbaliyy and books which have been written on this topic which explain the functions of the ruler. And it is mentioned in the books of fiqh and in the books of `aqaa∙id (creed and belief) also as occurs here.

Firstly (from these functions), is that he (the ruler) is in charge of carrying out the Jumu`ah Prayer and the two `Eed Prayers and the Muslims pray behind him unless he chooses to appoint someone from the Scholars or from the Students of Knowledge to lead the people in Prayer. However, the basic principle is that he (the ruler) has more right to leading the Prayer with regard to the Jumu`ah Prayer (Friday Prayer) and the two `Eed Prayers. So if he appoints someone to do this then he may do so, and this is what action is upon at present.

Secondly, is that he is the one who establishes the Hajj and he leads the people performing Hajj. And he is in charge of them and he looks into any problems they may have.

Thirdly, is establishment of jihaad in Allaah’s cause; this is from the functions carried out by the ruler. He is the one who gives command for it and he is the one who organises the flags and he is the one who chooses the armies and those who are going to fight. And he appoints the commanders and he appoints the squadrons (army units) and he appoints the armies and he provides the fighters with weaponry. And he gives them directions with regard to fighting the enemy and he specifies the direction in which they are to attack.

So jihaad is from the roles of the ruler; and jihaad is not fowdaa (chaos or anarchy) such that everyone who wants to take up arms and go and fight and attack does so and says, “I am fighting jihaad in Allaah’s cause!” This is not jihaad in Allaah’s cause. Jihaad in Allaah’s cause is properly arranged and it is regulated by legislated regulations (of the Sharee`ah, the Islaamic Law). But as for when it is opened up to chaos then it becomes mere destruction, and its harm becomes more than its benefit, if there is actually any benefit in it at all. So the harm resulting from it is greater. So affairs have regulating principles and jihaad is a tremendous affair. It requires that it is correctly regulated and it needs to be restricted by the rulings which are mentioned for jihaad in the Book and the Sunnah and in the speech of the People of Knowledge. The matter is not of fowdaa (chaos or anarchy) such that a person comes from the callers to fitnah (discord) and sets himself up as the leader for those people who are extremists or radicals or ignorant people, those who do not know, he becomes their leader and he says, “We will fight jihaad in Allaah’s cause.” This is counted as being one of the things that cause harm to Islaam and to the Muslims; and this is not jihaad because it is not restricted by the regulating principles which govern jihaad. And if it is not restricted by the regulating principles of jihaad then it just becomes fasaad (corruption) and it is not jihaad. And everything which exceeds its due limits then it turns over and it becomes its opposite. So they now say to those who criticise them, “You are preventing jihaad in Allaah’s cause.”

So we say, “We are not preventing jihaad in Allaah’s cause. However, we say that it is essential that jihaad is regulated by its legislated regulating principles, whereas what you people are doing is fowdaa (chaos) and it is not jihaad and Allaah did not command with it.”

So establishment of the Hajj and fighting jihaad and the Jumu`ah and the `Eed Prayer, these are from the functions of the waleeul-amr (the person in authority).

His saying, “And praying the Jumu`ah Prayer behind them is permissible,” meaning, even if they have fisq (they commit open sins), even if they have acts of disobedience, still the person prays behind them because Prayer behind them retains unity and also a faasiq (an open sinner), if he does something that is good then you do good along with him. And for this reason when they said to `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu whilst he was being besieged, “So and so leads the people in Prayer and he is not the imaam (the ruler), rather he is just an imaam of fitnah (he is just the leader of discord/tribulation).”

So `Uthmaan radiyAllaahu `anhu said, “O son of my brother, if the people do what is good then do that which is good along with them and if they do something evil then avoid their evil.” [01]

So if he prays then we pray along with him if he is the one in authority, even if he has open sins or acts of disobedience, because of the welfare which lies in doing that. Because the Prayer is worship and the sinful person, faasiq, if he prays then he should be encouraged upon that, supplication made for him. And the Companions they prayed behind rulers who had points against them such as al-Hajjaaj and others. The Companions of Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam prayed behind them in compliance with command of the Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and in order to retain unity.

His saying, “And he should pray after it six rak`ahs.” This is a matter of fiqh; it comes here in accordance with the mention of the Jumu`ah Prayer. So the Jumu`ah Prayer has no raatibah (regular Sunnah Prayer) before it. So whoever comes to the mosque then he should pray whatever is easy for him and then sit and wait (for the imaam to come out). And if he continues praying until the imaam attends then that is more excellent upon the basis that this is unrestricted optional Prayer; it has no connection to the Jumu`ah Prayer itself. As for the raatibah (regular Sunnah Prayer) of the Jumu`ah then it comes after it. Its least amount is two rak`ahs and its greatest amount, in what is famous, is four rak`ahs with two salutations (two salaams). And there comes in one saying (within the Hanbaliyy math.hab) that it is six rak`ahs with three salutations. Therefore, its least amount will be two rak`ahs and its greatest amount is six rak`ahs, or four rak`ahs as is what is famous.

His saying “He separates between each pair of two rak`ahs. This was the saying of Ahmad ibn Hanbal.”[02] Meaning, that does not mean that he prays six rak`ahs altogether with one salaam (salutation at the end of it). Rather six rak`ahs; every two rak`ahs with one salaam (after it); or four rak`ahs with each pair of rak`ahs before the salaam, and this is better. And it’s being ascribed to Imaam Ahmad is because the author (Imaam alBarbahaaree) was a Hanbaliyy (meaning from the students of the students of Imaam Ahmad ibn Hanbal) and he was well acquainted with the position of Imaam Ahmad. This was a report from Ahmad that it is six rak`ahs. What is famous is that it is four rak`ahs. [03]

Footnotes:

[01] Reported by al-Bukhaariyy in his Saheeh (no. 695) from `Ubaydillaah ibn `Adiyy ibn Khiyaar with it (this narration)

[02] There occurs in the Masaa·il of `Abdullaah, son of Imaam Ahmad, that `Abdullaah said, “I asked my father, ‘How many rak`ahs should a man pray after Jumu`ah?’ I said, ‘What is more beloved to you (that he should pray)?’

So he said, ‘If he wishes, he can pray four after the Jumu`ah and if he wishes he can pray six; except that he should give the salutation after each two rak`ahs. That is the saying with regard to all of the (optional) Prayers of the day; all of them are in pairs.’”

Translator’s side point: There are a number of books of the students of Imaam Ahmad that report matters of fiqh from him and there are a number of separate books in that regard. There is the Masaa·il of his son `Abdullaah and Masaa·il of his student Aboo Daawood and Masaa·il of a number of other of his students. Each one is called the Masaa·il of Imaam Ahmad by such and such from his students. This one referred to here is the Masaa·il (The Questions of Fiqh) put to Imaam Ahmad, collected by his son `Abdullaah.

[03] Translator’s side point: In Riyaadus-Saaliheen we had the hadeeth of Ibn `Umar reported by alBukhaariyy and Muslim that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam after the Jumu`ah entered his house and prayed two rak`ahs. Likewise in Saheeh Muslim there’s a hadeeth that Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “When one of you has prayed the Jumu`ah let him pray four after it.”

Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmiyy rahimahullaah mentioned this issue in his explanation and mentioned there are evidences for two and there are evidences of four.

Then he said, “And the six (praying six) is one report from Imaam Ahmad and it was the saying, from the Companions, of `Aliyy ibn Abee Taalib and Aboo Moosaa radiyAllaahu `anhumaa; and from the taabi`een (it was the saying of) `Ataa and Mujaahid (the two great imaams of Makkah from the taabi`een; `Ataa bin Abee Rabaah and Mujaahid ibn Jabr) and of Humayd ibn `Abdir-Rahmaan and it was the saying of Sufyaan ath-Thowree, great imaam.

Shaykh Ahmad preferred the saying, as is the view of Shaykhul-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah, that what is preferred in his view is: if a person prays it in his house he prays two rak`ahs and if he prays it in the mosque he prays four. (He said,) “That is more established with regard to the evidence behind it.”

Transcribed by Saima Zaher. Download PDF of Lesson 25

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Links:
https://abdurrahman.org/rulers/
https://abdurrahman.org/jihad/
https://abdurrahman.org/salah/friday-jumuah/

Hajj and Jihaad continue along with those in authority over the Muslims – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 44 : Point [167]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Based on Shaykh Fawzan & Shaykh Albani’s Explanation

167. And the Hajj and Jihaad continue along with those in authority over the Muslims: those (leaders) who are righteous and those who are sinners, until the establishment of the Hour; nothing abolishes it or cancels it.

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Related Links :

Praying behind every righteous or sinful Rulers from the people of the Qiblah, and upon whoever dies from them – Aqeedah Tahawiyyah [Audio|En]

Muslim Rulers :  abdurrahman.org/rulers

Some People go to Hajj without any provisions claiming they are putting trust in Allaah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzan

Some people would go on the pilgrimage (Hajj) with Muslims and not bring any provisions or supplies with them. They would do this claiming that they were putting their trust in Allaah and that they would be provided for without them having to bring provisions along with them. So Allaah said: “And take provision with you for the journey, but indeed the best provision is Taqwaa (righteousness)” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 197], ordering them to take provisions.

Provisions are of two types: The Provision of this world and the provision of the Hereafter.

The provision of the worldly life comes in the form of food, drink, clothes, and all of the other things that a person needs when he travels.

As for the provision for the journey in the Hereafter, then it is Taqwaa. Allaah says: “But indeed the best provision is Taqwaa.” [Surah Al-Baqarah: 197]

So take provisions for your worldly life and take provisions for your Hereafter. Take provisions for your worldly life with food, drink and the necessary supplies for traveling so that you will not need to depend on others. And take provisions for your Hereafter with Taqwaa, which can be defined as implementing Allaah’s commandments while abandoning His prohibitions.

So what is meant by Taqwaa is taking a wiqaayah, or a defense that protects you from Allaah’s punishment and anger, and protects you from the Fire. Such a defense can only be achieved by performing righteous actions. And with the Taqwaa of Allaah you will be able to save yourself from the Hellfire, as Allaah says: “Then We shall save those who used to fear Allaah and were dutiful to Him. And We shall leave the wrongdoers therein (humbled) to their knees (in Hell).” [Surah Maryam: 72]

So therefore, nothing grants salvation except for righteous deeds. Faith in Allaah and righteous deeds are the provisions of the Hereafter, and they are a protection from His anger, His fire and His punishment. The servant is commanded to seek after the requirements of his religious and worldly affairs. He is obligated to seek after the requirements of his affairs of this life and the next. He is obligated to put his trust in Allaah and to implement the means. So there must be a combination of this and that.

No one should understand the meaning of relying upon Allaah to be: Abandoning the require means. This is wrong. Nor should anyone understand that implementing the means suffices over putting one’s trust in Allaah. Rather, both – (1) relying upon Allaah and (2) implementing the required means – must be present.

Source : Excerpted from the following excellent Article :
Relying on Allaah and Abiding by the Means : Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan
Haqeeqat-ut-Tawakkul (pg. 15-25). Al-Ibaanah.com

Fasalli li Rabbika wanhar (Therefore turn in Prayer to your Lord and Sacrifice) – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Clip]

fasalli-lirabbika-wanhar

 

Clip Extracted from the Tafseer of Surah Al-Kawthar

Tafseer – Explanation Surah 78-114 – Tafseer Juz Amma

The following is posted from Tafseer Ibn Kathir , Darussalam:

Allah says,

﴿فَصَلِّ لِرَبِّكَ وَانْحَرْ ﴾

(Therefore turn in prayer to your Lord and sacrifice.) meaning, `just as We have given you the abundant goodness in this life and the Hereafter — and from that is the river that has been described previously — then make your obligatory and optional prayer, and your sacrifice (of animals) solely and sincerely for your Lord. Woship Him alone and do not associate any partner with him. And sacrifice pronouncing His Name alone, without ascribing any partner to Him.’ This is as Allah says,

﴿قُلْ إِنَّ صَلاَتِى وَنُسُكِى وَمَحْيَاىَ وَمَمَاتِى للَّهِ رَبِّ الْعَـلَمِينَ – لاَ شَرِيكَ لَهُ وَبِذَلِكَ أُمِرْتُ وَأَنَاْ أَوَّلُ الْمُسْلِمِينَ ﴾

(Say: “Verily, my Salah, my sacrifice, my living, and my dying are for Allah, the Lord of all that exists. He has no partner. And of this I have been commanded, and I am the first of the Muslims.”) (6:162-163)

Ibn `Abbas, `Ata,’ Mujahid, `Ikrimah and Al-Hasan all said, “This means with this the Budn should be sacrificed.” Qatadah, Muhammad bin Ka`b Al-Qurazi, Ad-Dahhak, Ar-Rabi`, `Ata’ Al-Khurasani, Al-Hakam, Isma`il bin Abi Khalid and others from the Salaf have all said the same. This is the opposite of the way of the idolators, prostrating to other than Allah and sacrificing in other than His Name. Allah says,

﴿وَلاَ تَأْكُلُواْ مِمَّا لَمْ يُذْكَرِ اسْمُ اللَّهِ عَلَيْهِ وَإِنَّهُ لَفِسْقٌ﴾

(And do not eat from what Allah’s Name has not been pronounced over, indeed that is Fisq.) (6:121)

Al-Udhiyyah (Sacrificial Animal) : Merits and Rulings – Dr. Saleh-As-Saleh [Audio|En]

[Alternative Download Link]

Audio Source: Understand-Islam.net

Trading during Umrah & Hajj – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Short Clip]


Posted from: Pillar5 – Hajj – QA

Is Umrah & Hajj an Obligation on Jinn? and Where do they Perform it? – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Short Clip|En]


Posted from: Pillar5 – Hajj – QA

The Condemnation of the People of Knowledge for the Dome Built upon the Grave of the Messenger of Allaah صلى الله عليه و سلم – Shaykh Muqbil

Part 7 : The Condemnation of the People of Knowledge for this Dome

There is no doubt that the people of knowledge – may Allaah have mercy on them – condemn what has been prohibited by the Sharia’. Some of them have clearly mentioned their condemnation and some of them -perhaps- have remained silent, since what is known is that there is no advantage to this speech.

Perhaps they took into account the permissibility of remaining silent because of the saying of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – to ‘Aeysha -radiAllaah anhu:

‘If it were not that your people had recently left kufr (disbelief) I would have rebuilt the house (Ka’ba) on the foundations upon which Ibraheem built it.’

[Agreed upon by Bukharee and Muslim]

What is understood is that those who openly mentioned their condemnation fulfilled what Allaah had made obligatory upon them, which is advising for the sake of Islaam and the Muslims.

The following are some of those who condemned the building of this dome.

Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah – may Allaah have mercy on him – said in his book ‘Iqtidaa Siraat ul-Mustaqeem’ :

‘…….And this is why, when his apartment was built in the time of the Tabieen (the followers of the Companions) – I would sacrifice my mother and father for him – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that they left the top of it as a skylight towards the sky. And it was like that until recent times, with wax placed upon it and rocks on its edges which held it together.

The roof was projecting upwards towards the sky and it was like that at the time the masjid and the mimbar (pulpit) were burnt down in the year six hundred and fifty odd. The fire was so severe in the land of the Hijjaz that it lit up the necks of the camels in Basra. After that came the fitnah (trial) of the Tartars in Baghdad and other Fitn (trials) also came.

Then the Masjid was re-built as it had originally been, as was the roof, and a wooden wall was introduced around the apartment. Then, after a number of years, the dome was erected on the roof whilst there were those who condemned it.’

As-Sanaani – may Allaah have mercy on him – said in ‘Tatheer al-I’tiqaad’ :

‘If you say: This is the grave of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, a great dome has been built upon it and a lot of money has been spent on it. Then, I say that this is major ignorance of the reality of the situation.

Without doubt this dome was not built by the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, nor by his Companions, nor by their successors (Tabieen), nor the followers of the successors, nor the scholars of the Ummah – the Imaams of his people.

Rather, this dome was imposed on his grave – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and was built by one of the latter kings of Misr (Eygpt), Qaloon as-Salihee, more well known as king al-Mansoor in the year 678.’

He mentioned it in: ‘Tahqeeq an-Nasraah bi Talkheehs mu’aalim Dar al-Hijrah’ and these matters are issued by the governments and not based upon evidences from the text.

Shaykh Hussain bin Mahdi an-Nuaymi mentions, in his book ‘Ma’arij alAlbaab’, the statements of some of those who were tried as a result of taking the dome of the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – as sanction for the permissibility of building all domes. A Mufti states, ‘From what is well known is that the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – had a dome, just like the ‘Aawliya of Madeenah and the ‘Aawliya of the rest of the different cities. Building domes is the fashion in every era; it is believed that having a dome is the cause of receiving blessings.

An-Nuaymi – may Allaah have mercy on him – commented by saying:

‘I say: if this is the case, then what about the fact that the Messenger – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, warned against this, he cautioned and cleared his blessed and pure self – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam from what you did. You did exactly what he specifically prohibited. Was it not sufficient for you that you opposed his command? This (alone) is evidence against yourselves. You were forward in the presence of the Messenger (ie his statement). Did he – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – allude to any of what you hold permissible? Was he pleased with that or did he not prohibit this? As for your belief of blessings descending, then this is from yourselves and not from Allaah, and Allaah has refuted you.

When the Ikhwaan – may Allaah have mercy on them – entered Madeenah at the time of AbdulAzeez – may Allaah have mercy on him -, it was of great importance to them to remove the dome. If only they had done so, but they – may Allaah have mercy on them – feared that the fitnah from the Qubooreeyeen (the sect of grave-worshippers) would be greater than removing the dome i.e. that removing an evil might lead to something more evil.

Look how many false arguments the Qubooreeyeen have when they are called to remove these domes, some of which are similar to al-Laat, Uzza and Habil.

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance. – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam

The Ruling of the Dome Built upon the Grave of the Messenger of Allaah – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. By the Shaykh, Muhadith of the land of Yemen Muqbil bin Hadi al-Waadi’ee. Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Read the full eBook :
The Ruling of the Dome Built upon the Grave of the Messenger of Allaah – Imam Muqbil

Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an Obligatory Duty that is owed to Allaah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank

Sharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles
of Imaam Muhammad ibn ‘Abdil-Wahhaab [1115-1206 H]
Explained by Shaikh Saalih ibn Saalih al-Fawzaan haafidhahullaah
Adio Clip and Notes Extracted from 32nd Lesson
[Download PDF of this Article]

And the proof for the Hajj is:

وَلِلَّهِ عَلَى النّاسِ حِجُّ البَيتِ مَنِ استَطاعَ إِلَيهِ سَبيلًا ۚ وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an obligatory duty that is owed to Allaah by those who have the ability to make their way there. And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97][41]

[41] The Jews claimed that they were Muslims and that they were upon the religion of Ibraaheem, so Allaah the Majestic and Most High tested them in this aayah, and He said:

And Hajj to Allaah’s Sacred House is an obligatory duty that is owed to Allaah by those who have the ability to make their way there. And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

Therefore, if you are Muslims, then perform the Hajj, because Allaah has made the Hajj to the Sacred House obligatory upon the Muslims, if you do not perform it, and you refuse to perform it, then this is a proof that you are not Muslims, and you are not upon the religious way of Ibraaheem:

وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

وَلِلَّهِ : Meaning: this is an obligation, a rite, and a binding duty which is due for Allaah, the Perfect and Most High from mankind.

حِجُّ : Its meaning in the language is al-qasd (to head towards an intended goal). And the word Hajj in the legislation is to head towards the honourable Ka`bah and the Sacred sites (of pilgrimage) at a particular time, and to carry out specific acts of worship and they are the rites of the Hajj.

حِجُّ البَيتِ: Meaning: the Ka`bah and whatever is round about it from the sites of pilgrimage which follow on from it.

مَنِ استَطاعَ إِلَيهِ سَبيلًا : This explains the condition being obligatory, and it is bodily and monetary capability; bodily capability such that he is able to work, ride, and move from his land to Makkah from whatever place he is in upon the earth. This is the bodily capability. It excludes the person who is permanently unable, such as a person with an illness which persists, the feeble old person, and such a one who does not have the bodily ability. But if he has monetary capability, then he should deputize someone to perform the Hajj on his behalf, the obligatory Hajj of Islaam.

As for monetary capability, then it is having the transport necessary to carry him, the riding animal, the plane, or the ship, each as is appropriate to the time; and that he has wealth which is sufficient for him to seek transport to convey him for the performance of the Hajj; and also, that he has provision and money for the journey, going and returning; and for his dependence, such that they will have sufficient funds until he returns to them. So, provision means that he has sufficient funds to suffice him upon his journey, and to suffice his dependents; his children, his parents, his wife, and everyone it is obligatory to spend upon; that he gives them that which will suffice them until he gets back to them, after securing guarantees for the payments of any debts which are upon him.

So this wealth is surplus, remaining after his debts have been dealt with. So, if this is available, then this will be his ability to make his way there, “provision and transport” [51] as occurs in the hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas radiyallaahu `anhumaa.

And whoever does not have the ability, meaning: he does not have the provision nor the transport, then the Hajj is not upon him, because he does not have the ability to do it. So the condition for the Hajj being obligatory is ability.

Since the people come to the Hajj from far away, from all the regions of the earth, and every distant place, and it requires spending, and involves some difficulty and toil, and it may bring about dangerous situations, then from the Mercy of Allaah is that He made it binding only once in a lifetime. And whatever is in addition to that is supererogatory. This is from the Mercy of Allaah the Perfect and Most High, that He did not make it obligatory upon the Muslim every year just as the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam said:

«Allaah has made the Hajj obligatory upon you, so perform the Hajj.» Al-Aqra ‘bin Haabis radiyallaahu `anhu said: Is it every year O Messenger of Allaah? So the Messenger sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam remained silent. Then he repeated the question, and the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam remained silent. And then he repeated the question again, and the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam said: «If I were to say yes, it would become obligatory and you would not be able to do it. The Hajj is a single time, and whatever is in addition, then it supererogatory

And His saying, He the Most Perfect:

وَمَن كَفَرَ فَإِنَّ اللَّهَ غَنِيٌّ عَنِ العالَمينَ

And whoever rejects the obligation of the Hajj, then Allaah has no need of him or any of the creation. [3:97]

It contains a proof that whoever refuses to perform the Hajj and he is able to, and he does not perform the Hajj, then he is a disbeliever, because Allaah said: «whoever rejects» meaning: whoever refuses to perform the Hajj when he is able to perform it, then he has committed kufr. [This kufr] may be kufr asghar (lesser kufr), but whoever abandons it whilst denying its obligation, then this is kufr akbar (major kufr) by consensus of the Muslims. As for a person who acknowledges its obligation, but abandons it out of laziness, then this is lesser kufr. However, if the person dies and he has wealth, then someone should perform the Hajj on his behalf using money which he has left behind, because it is the debt of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, upon him. And this aayah shows the obligation of performing Hajj, it is a pillar from the pillars of Islaam. The Messenger of Allaah sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam explained that it is a pillar from the pillars of Islaam in the hadeeth of Jibreel and in the hadeeth of Ibn `Umar.

The Hajj was made obligatory in the nine year [after the Hijrah] upon one saying, and the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam did not perform the Hajj in that year, rather he performed the Hajj in the year after it, in the tenth year. Why is this? This is because, he sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam:

sent `Alee to call out to the people in the pilgrimage: «No person of shirk may perform Hajj after this year, and no naked person may perform tawaaf around the House

So when the people of shirk and the naked people were prevented from the Hajj in the tenth year, the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam performed the Hajj, the Farewell Hajj.

Footnotes:

[51] Reported by at-Tirmidhee (813), Ibn Maajah (2896) from a hadeeth of `Umar radiyallaahu `anhumaa, and reported by Ibn Maajah (2897) from a hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas. [In Irwaa ul-Ghaleel, Shaykh al-Albaanee comments upon these ahaadeeth and a number of similar ahaadeeth, and judges all these narrations tracing back to the Prophet sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam) to be extremely weak and not authentic upon him sallallaahu`alaihiwasallam].

[52] Reported by Imaam Ahmad in his Musnad 4/151, Aboo Daawood (1721) and an-Nasaa`i 5/111 from a hadeeth of Ibn `Abbaas radiyallaahu `anhumaa. [Shaykh al-Albaanee declared this hadeeth as authentic].

[53] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (50) and Muslim (9,10) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu `anh.

[54] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (8) and Muslim (16) from a hadeeth of Ibn `Umar radiyallaahu `anh.

[55] Reported by al-Bukhaaree (369) and Muslim (1347) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyallaahu `anh.

SourceSharh Usool-ith-Thalaathah – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]
Posted with the permission of Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Reference: AbdurRahman.Org

Hajj Articles/Audio/Books – AbdurRahman.Org/hajj

Why was the Ka’bah Called Baytullaah Al-Haraam (Inviolable House of Allah)? – Dr Saleh As-Saleh [Short Clip|En]

FAQ – Clarifications – Why Was the Kabah Called Baytullaah Al-Haraam?

Source: Important Matters Requiring Clarification

Transcription of the Audio:

Bismillah hir Rahman nir Raheem. Alhamdulillahi Rabbil Aalameen wa sallalaahu ala nabeeyena Muhammad wa alaa alihi wa sahbhi wa sallama tasleeman kaseera

The Second Question is why was the Ka’abah called Baytullah Al Haraam, The inviolable house of Allah ?.

The Ka’bah was called Baytullah i.e The House of Allah. That is because it is the place of magnification of Allah(عز و جل) Most Mighty and Most Majestic.People come to it from all places in order to offer an obligation which Allah had ordained upon them and also because people direct themselves in its direction while in their prayers, wherever they may be fulfilling one of the conditions of the Salah i.e. directing one self towards the Qibla.

As Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) stated in Surah Al- Baqarah (2:144) :

قَدۡ نَرَىٰ تَقَلُّبَ وَجۡهِكَ فِى ٱلسَّمَآءِ‌ۖ فَلَنُوَلِّيَنَّكَ قِبۡلَةً۬ تَرۡضَٮٰهَا‌ۚ فَوَلِّ وَجۡهَكَ شَطۡرَ ٱلۡمَسۡجِدِ ٱلۡحَرَامِ‌ۚ وَحَيۡثُ مَا كُنتُمۡ فَوَلُّواْ وُجُوهَكُمۡ شَطۡرَهُ ۥ‌ۗ وَإِنَّ ٱلَّذِينَ أُوتُواْ ٱلۡكِتَـٰبَ لَيَعۡلَمُونَ أَنَّهُ ٱلۡحَقُّ مِن رَّبِّهِمۡ‌ۗ وَمَا ٱللَّهُ بِغَـٰفِلٍ عَمَّا يَعۡمَلُونَ

Verily! We have seen the turning of your (Muhammad’s صلى الله عليه وسلم) face towards the heaven. Surely, We shall turn you to a Qiblah (prayer direction) that shall please you, so turn your face in the direction of Al-Masjid- Al-Harâm (at Makkah). And wheresoever you people are, turn your faces (in prayer) in that direction. Certainly, the people who were given the Scriptures (i.e. Jews and the Christians) know well that, that (your turning towards the direction of the Ka’bah at Makkah in prayers) is the truth from their Lord. And Allâh is not unaware of what they do.

And Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) narrated it to Himself added it when he mentioned the Ka’abah as an honour and magnification of it.

That is because that which is related to Allah in the construct of the statements by Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) is divided into two types:

1) The Attribute of Himself (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى)
2) The creature of  his creation

If it is an attribute, then it is related because it is established with Him and Allah(عز و جل) is qualified by it, it is His attribute like Allah’s hearing, Allah’s sight, Allah’s knowledge, Allah’s ability, Allah’s speech and other than that from His most mighty and magnificent attributes.

If it s a creature from his creation, then it is added to Allah (عز و جل) in the construct as away of honouring and magnification and in this way Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى)  related the Ka’abah to Himself when He said in Surah Al Hajj (22:26):

وَطَهِّرۡ بَيۡتِىَ لِلطَّآٮِٕفِينَ

And (remember) when We showed Ibrahim (Abraham) the site of the (Sacred) House (the Ka’bah at Makkah) (saying): “Associate not anything (in worship) with Me, [La ilaha ill-Allah (none has the right to be worshipped but Allah Islamic Monotheism], and sanctify My House for those who circumambulate it, and those who stand up for prayer, and those who bow (submit themselves with humility and obedience to Allah), and make prostration (in prayer, etc.);” )

So He said ‘My House’ (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى). He narrated it it to Himself in the construct of the verse.

And also He added to Himself the masaajid (the Mosques) as He said in Surah Al Baqarah (2:114):

ومن اظلم ممن منع مساجد الله ان يذكر فيها اسمه وسعى في خرابها اولئك ما كان لهم ان يدخلوها الا خائفين لهم في الدنيا خزي ولهم في الاخرة عذاب عظيم

And who is more unjust than those who forbid Allah’s Name be glorified and mentioned much (i.e. prayers and invocations, etc.) in Allah’s Mosques and strive for their ruin? It was not fitting that such should themselves enter them (Allah’s Mosques) except in fear. For them there is disgrace in this world, and they will have a great torment in the Hereafter.

You see that now, Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) added the mosques in the  construct to Himself in the relation ‘ ‘Allah’s Mosques” and also  (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) He may do the same regarding some of his creatures in order to make clear His comprehensive possession as in His statement  (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) in Surah Al Jasiya (45:13):

“وسخر لكم ما في السماوات وما في الارض جميعا منه ان في ذلك لايات لقوم يتفكرون”

And has subjected to you all that is in the heavens and all that is in the earth; it is all as a favour and kindness from Him. Verily, in it are signs for a people who think deeply.

So therefore  in summary  Allah  (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) referred the Ka’abah to Himself as an honour and magnification and no one should think that Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) reffered the ka’abah to Himself because it is “a place in which He resides”. This is impossible because (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) encompasses everything and nothing from his creatures encompass Him, rather His Kursee(سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) encompasses the Heavens and the Earth, as Allah Stated in Surah Al Baqarah (2:255) that his Kursee extends over the Heavens and the Earth.

And in Surah Zumar (39:67):

وما قدروا الله حق قدره والارض جميعا قبضته يوم القيامة والسماوات مطويات بيمينه سبحان

And on the Day of Resurrection the whole of the earth will be grasped by His Hand and the heavens will be rolled up in His Right Hand.

And He is above His heavens ascended the throne in the most majestic way that befits Him and it’s not possible that He ( سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) dwells in any of his creation.

And Allah knows the best.

Transcribed by AbdurRazak bin AbdulAleem, verified and corrected by AbdurRahman.Org 

Source: AbdurRahman.Org

The Supplication of a Person Performing Hajj – From Hadith

Imaam Ibn Maajah -rahimahullaah- reported in his “Sunan” [The Book of the Rites of Hajj: chapter (5): The Virtue of the Supplication of the person performing Hajj: (no.2893)]:

“Muhammad ibn Tareef narrated to us, saying: `Imraan ibn `Uyainah narrated to us: from `Ataa· ibn as-Saa·ib: from Mujaahid: from Ibn `Umar: from the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam, that he said:

<<The fighter in Allaah’s cause, and the person performing Hajj, and the person performing `Umrah are Allaah’s deputation: He called them, and they responded to Him; and they ask of Him, and He gives to them>>.”

Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said: “Hasan”; and he said in “as-Saheehah” (no.1820), having quoted a supporting narration reported by al-Bazzaar (no.1153) as a hadeeth of Jaabir: “The hadeeth, when the two chains of narration are gathered is “Hasan”.”

And Imaam Ibn Maajah -rahimahullaah- reported (no.2895): “Aboo Bakr ibn Abee Shaybah narrated to us, saying: Yazeed ibn Haaroon narrated to us: from `Abdul-Malik ibn Abee Sulaymaan: from Abuz-Zubayr: from Safwaan ibn `Abdillaah ibn Safwaan, who said:

“I was married to a daughter of Abud-Dardaa·, so he came to her and he found Ummud-Dardaa·, but he did not find Abud-Dardaa·. So she said to him: “Do you intend to perform Hajj this year?” He said: “Yes.” She said: “Then supplicate to Allaah for good for us, since the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam used to say:

<<The supplication which a person makes for his brother in his absence is responded to. There will be an Angel by his head saying: ‘Aameen’ [O Allaah! Grant it], to his supplication, ‘and may you receive the like of it’. >>

He said: Then I went out to the market place, and I met Abud-Dardaa·, and he narrated the like of that to me from the Prophet sallallaahu alayhi wa sallam.”

Shaikh al-Albaanee -rahimahullaah- said: “Saheeh.”

[Compiled by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank rahimahullaah]

Posted from: www.alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

Don’t sully your scrolls after Hajj! – Advice from Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Don’t sully your scrolls after Hajj! – Advice from Shaykh Ibn ‘Uthaymeen رحمه الله
http://mtws.posthaven.com/dont-sully-…
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee حفظه الله

Video Courtesy: Brother Bilal Nahim

Shaykh Uthaymeen: 
“Returning to sins after performing the obligatory Hajj is a major 
setback”

I am still Young, I will do Hajj & Umrah Later in my Old Age – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Clip|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Clip Here (Time 11:59)

Source: From class #1 of Hajj – Al-Mulakhas al-Fiqhi – Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan | Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En] (12 Mp3)

How Should a Person Pray in an Airplane? – Shaykh Uthaymeen

In the Name of Allah, the Most Gracious, the Most Merciful.

All praise and thanks are to Allah, the Lord of the worlds, and I send prayers and blessings on our Prophet, Muhammad and upon all his family and Companions.

How Should a Person Pray in an Airplane?

1 . He should offer the voluntary prayers in an airplane while he is sitting in his seat in whatever direction the airplane was facing, indicating the bowing and prostrating (by inclining his head), making the prostration lower than the bowing.

2. He should not offer the obligatory prayers in an airplane, unless he is able to face towards the Qiblah throughout the whole of the prayer and he is also able to bow, prostrate, stand and sit.

3. If he is unable to do that, he should delay the prayer until he lands at the airport and then pray on the ground. If he fears that the time for the prayer will expire before the airplane lands, he should delay it until the time of the next prayer. This is the case if it is one of those prayers that may be combined with another, such as Zuhr with ‘Asr or Maghrib with ‘Isha’. If he fears that the time for the next prayer will expire, he should pray them both in the airplane before the time ends and perform whatever conditions, pillars and obligations of the prayer he is able to. For example: If the airplane took off just before sunset and the sun set while he was in the air, then he should not offer the Maghrib prayer until the airplane lands at the airport, he disembarks, and then prays on the ground. But if he fears that the time for offering the Maghrib prayer will expire, he should delay it until the time of ‘Isha’ and offer them both together, combining them and delaying the Maghrib prayer until the time of the ‘Isha’ prayer after he descends. But if he fears that the time for the isha prayer will expire – and it expires at midnight – he should offer them before the time expires in the airplane.

4. The manner of performing the obligatory prayer in the airplane is to stand facing the Qiblah and make the Takbir. Then he recites Sural Al-Fatihah and the words which it is prescribed to recite before it, such as the opening supplication (Du’a Al- Istiftah) and some Qur’anic Verses after it. Then he should bow, then straighten up from bowing, and relax in a standing position, then prostrate, then straighten up from prostration, and relax in a sitting position, then prostrate again, then do likewise in the remainder of the prayer. If he is unable to prostrate, he should sit and indicate the prostration while sitting, and if he does not know the Qiblah, and no one reliable can inform him of it, he should use his judgement and try to ascertain it, then pray according to his judgement.

5. The prayer of the traveller in an airplane is shortened, so he performs the four Rak’ah prayer as two Rak’ahs like other travellers.

Fatawa Arkanul-Islam -Islamic Verdicts on the Pillars of Islam (Volume Two)
Prayer, Zakah, Fasting, Hajj
By the Honorable Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih Al- ‘Uthaimeen
Collected and Arranged by Fahd bin Nasir bin Ibrahim As-Sulaiman

How Should a Person Who is Traveling by Airplane Assume Ihram for Hajj and ‘Umrah? – Shaykh Uthaymeen

How Should a Person Who is Travelling by Airplane Assume Ihram for Hajj and ‘Umrah?

1 . He should perform Ghusl in his house and remain in his normal clothing, or if he wishes, he may don the garments of Ihram.

2. Once the airplane is close to passing over the starting point, he should don the garments of Ihram, if he has not done so already.

3. When the airplane passes over the starting point, he should make the intention for commencing the rites and say the Talbiyyah according to his intention either Hajj or ‘Umrah.

4. If he assumes Ihram before passing over the starting point as a precaution, being fearful of remissness or forgetfulness, then there is no objection.

Fatawa Arkanul-Islam
Islamic Verdicts on the Pillars of Islam (Volume Two)
Prayer, Zakah, Fasting, Hajj
By the Honorable Shaikh Muhammad bin Salih Al- ‘Uthaimeen
Collected and Arranged by Fahd bin Nasir bin Ibrahim As-Sulaiman

Busy your tongue with Dhikr, Du’aa, Isthigfar & Other Beneficial Speech in Hajj & Other Times – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 4:16)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/busy-your-tongue-with-dhikr-duaa-isthigfar-and-other-beneficial-speech-in-hajj-other-times-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Adorn yourself with Good Manners with People in your Hajj & Other times – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 4:47)

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Take enough money for Hajj & Umrah so that you don’t Beg People – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 3:06)

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

Is the Sutrah (waajib) compulsory in Masjid al Haram or not? – Shaykh Al-Albaani

Advice for those about to perform Hajj

Fourthly. And be very careful not to walk directly in front of anyone praying in the Haraam mosque, not to speak of other mosques and prying places as the Prophet said:

“If the one walking between the hands of one praying knew what were upon him then it would be better for him to stand still for forty (…) than that he should walk between his hands.

[Maalik, al-Bukhaaree, Muslim, the 4 Sunan of Abu Juhaim].

And this is a general text covering everyone walking in front, and everyone praying – and there is no authentic Hadith to make any exception for the one doing so in the Haraam Masjid – and you should pray therein like any other place towards a sutrah – according to the general nature of the Hadith regarding that – and there are also some narrations from the Companions particularly about the Masjid-ul-Haraam – which I have mentioned in ‘The Original’.

SourceRites of Hajj and Umrah : Shaykh Al-Albaani

Go to Hajj & Umrah with Right Companions and Group – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 5:50)

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]