The explanation of “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah” – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 49 : Point [182]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

182. And this is the explanation of ‘Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illaa billaah’ (There is no change and no power except with Allaah’s aid). We say: there is no manoeuvring for anyone, and no movement for anyone, and no moving away from disobedience to Allaah – except with the aid of Allaah; and there is no power for anyone to establish obedience to Allaah, and to remain firm upon it,except by Allaah’s tawfeeq (His granting successful attainment of that).

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/dhikr

The wisdom behind saying, “Laa Hawla Wa-Laa Quwwata illa Billah” when the Mu’adhin says, “Hayya `Ala Al-Salah” and “Hayya `Ala Al-Falah” – Imam Ibn Baz

From `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz to the honorable brother H. M. Th., may Allah grant him safety! May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you. In respect of your request for Fatwa registered in the Department of the Scholarly Research and Ifta’ (no. 1513), dated (21/4/1407 A.H.), it contains three questions. Here are the answers:

 Q3: What is the wisdom behind saying,  لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بِاللهLa Hawla Wala Quwwata Illla Billah”  (There is no might nor power except with Allah) when the Mu`adh-dhin says,  حي على الصلاةHayya `Ala Al-Salah (Come to Salah)” and  حي على الفلاح “Hayya `Ala Al-Falah (Come to Success)” taking into consideration that they imply a call to Salah? Is there a Hadith that refers to that?

A: The wisdom behind that saying is that man is weak by nature. He has no ability to move from a condition to another except with the help of Allah. Even his going to Salah in congregation needs the help and power of Allah. A servant of Allah has no might or power except with Allah. He realizes that he is weak, powerless, and unable to answer this call unless Allah helps him Alone. Therefore, upon hearing that call, he says: “La Hawla Wala Quwwata Illa Billah”.

This is authentically reported from `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) as related by Muslim in his Sahih. May Allah grant us all success! May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!

Issued by the office of His Eminence and was read to His Eminence again on 4/4/1415 A.H.

Source: Fatwas of Ibn Baz > Volume 10 > Book of Salah > Chapter on Adhan and Iqamah > 

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=1628&PageNo=1&BookID=14

Benefit: Righteous Deeds ascend to Allah – Tafseer Ibn Kathir

Tafseer Ibn Kathir : Surah Faatir 35:11
(darussalam english publication)

Righteous Deeds ascend to Allah

(To Him ascend the good words,) means, words of remembrance, recitation of Qur’an, and supplications. This was the view of more than one of the Salaf.

Ibn Jarir recorded that Al-Mukhariq bin Sulaym said that “`Abdullah bin Mas`ud, may Allah be pleased with him, said to them, “If we tell you a Hadith, we will bring you proof of it from the Book of Allah.

When the Muslim servants says, `Glory and praise be to Allah, there is no god worthy of worship except Allah, Allah is Most Great and blessed be Allah,’ an angel takes these words and puts them under his wing, then he ascends with them to the heaven. He does not take them past any group of angels but they seek forgiveness for the one who said them, until he brings them before Allah, may He be glorified.”

Then `Abdullah, may Allah be pleased with him, recited:

(To Him ascend the good words, and the righteous deeds exalt it).”

Imam Ahmad recorded that An-Nu`man bin Bashir, may Allah be pleased with him, said, “The Messenger of Allah said:

(Those who remember Allah and glory Allah by saying, `Glory be to Allah, Allah is most Great, all praise is due to Allah and La ilaha illallah, these words go around the Throne buzzing like bees, mentioning those who said them. Would one of you not like to have something with Allah mentioning him)”

This was also recorded by Ibn Majah.

(and the righteous deeds exalt it). Ali bin Abi Talhah reported that Ibn Abbas, may Allah be pleased with him, said,

The good word is the remembrance of Allah, may He be exalted, which is taken up to Allah, and the righteous deed is the performance of obligatory duties. Whoever remembers Allah when doing an obligatory duty, his deed carries his remembrance of Allah and takes it up to Allah, may He be exalted. Whoever remembers Allah and does not perform the obligatory duties, his words will be rejected, as will his deed.

Remembrance of Allaah – 20 Points of Benefit – Imam Ibn al Qayyim – Dr. Saleh As Saleh [Audio|En]

The following is based from the book Al-Wabil al-Sayyib by Ibn Qayyim al-Jawziyya


[Download Part 01Part 02]

Posted from: http://understand-islam.net/site/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=126&Itemid=76

Subhaana Rabbiyal-A’laa (سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى) – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Short Clip|Eng]

[Alternative Download Link]

While prostrating (Sujood):

سُبْحَانَ رَبِّيَ الأَعْلَى
(3 times)

Subhaana Rabbiyal-A’laa

Glory is to my Lord, the Most High. (Recite three times in Arabic)

Abu Dawud, Ibn Majah, An-Nasa’i, At-Tirmithi, and Ahmad.
See also Al-Albani, Sahih At-Tirmithi 1/83.

Posted from: Salah (Prayer) Decsribed : Sujood (Prostration) – Dr. Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Related Link: Dua during Sujud for worldly matters – Shaykh Abdil-‘Azeez Aali Shaikh

Reference: www.AbdurRahman.Org

Busy your tongue with Dhikr, Du’aa, Isthigfar & Other Beneficial Speech in Hajj & Other Times – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio Benefit|En]

Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 4:16)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2015/07/busy-your-tongue-with-dhikr-duaa-isthigfar-and-other-beneficial-speech-in-hajj-other-times-abu-muhammad-al-maghribee.mp3]

The above short clip has been extracted from the Lesson 2 of Book on Hajj (Tabseer an-Naasik fi Ahkaam al-Manaasik) – Shaykh Abdul-Muhsin al-Abbaad – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

This is for Allaah, What is for Me? – Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

From Anas – RadhiAllaahu anhu – who said: ‘A Bedouin came to the Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – and said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah!  Teach me some goodness.’

So the Prophet  – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – took him by the hand and said:

” قل: سبحان الله، والحمد لله، ولا إله إلا الله، والله أكبر.

‘Say: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest.’

(Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar.)’

The Bedouin counted them on his hand, when he finished he began to reflect then came back to the Prophet.

The Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – smiled and said:

 ‘The desperate one has reflected.’

Then the Bedouin came and said:

‘O Messenger of Allaah! ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest.’  This is for Allaah, what is for me?’

The Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said:

اللهم اغفر لي وارحمني وعافني وارزقني واهدني

‘Say: O Allaah forgive me, and have mercy on me, and pardon me, and provide for me, and guide me.’

The Prophet – sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam – said to him:

‘O Bedouin! If you say: ‘SubhanAllah’, Allaah says: ‘you have spoken the truth,

If you say: ‘Alhamdulillah’, Allaah says: ‘ you have spoken the truth,

If you say: La ilaha ‘illa Allaah’, Allaah says: ‘you have spoken the truth,

If you say: Allaahu Akbar, Allaah says: ‘you have spoken the truth,

If you say: O Allaah forgive me, Allaah says: I have done so,

If you say: O Allaah have mercy on me, Allaah says: I have done so,

If you say: O Allaah give me provision, Allaah says: I have done so,

Then the Bedouin  counted it seven times on his fingers,  then went away.’

Shaykh al-Muhaddith al-Albaani -Rahimullaah – said :

Collected by al-Bayhaqi in ‘Shuab al-Eemaan’, and this Isnaad is Jayyid (good) its narrators are trustworthy as for al-Hasan bin Tawab; then I had become exhausted searching about him until I found who he was. So I performed a Sajdah to Allaah thankful for His success and I ask Him for an increase in His excellence.’

[Taken from : ‘Silsilah Saheehah’ No. 3336 by the Shaykh al-Muhaddith al-Albaani -Rahimullaah ]

Related Links: 

Menses and Dhikr of Allaah & Recitation of the Qur’an – Shaykh Ibn Uthaymeen

Case: During Menses, it is not unlawful to celebrate Allah’s Praises (Saying Takbeer, Tasbeeh, and Tahmeed),[29] saying Bismillah before acting upon something (eating, drinking, etc..), reading Hadeeth, Islamic discussions, invocation upon Allah (Dua’), and listening to the recitation of Qur’an.

It has been confirmed by ‘Aisha (radhi Allaahu anha) that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to: “lean on my lap and recite Qur’an while I was in menses” (Al-Bukhari and Muslim).[30]

Also Umm ‘Atiyya reported that she heard the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) saying: “The Unmarried young virgins and the mature girl who stay often screened or the young unmarried virgins who often stayscreened and the menstruating women should come out and participate in the good deeds as well as the religious gathering of the faithful believers but the menstruating women should keep away from the Musalla (praying place).” [31]

Case: The reciting of the Qur’an by a menstruating woman either via direct looking or silently (in her heart) without the actual uttering by the tongue is permissible.

The majority of the scholars are with the opinion that it is not prohibited for her to utter the Qur’anic recitation. Imam Bukhari, Ibn Jareer At- Tabaree and Ibn Al-Munthir, Imam Malik, and Imam Ash-Shaafi’ee (in one of his earlier sayings) are with the opinion that it is permissible for her to recite the Ayah (verse in the Qur’an).

Shayekul Islam Ibn Taymeeyah said: “Basically, there is no Sunnah to prevent her from reciting Qur’an. The “hadeeth” that: “A menstruating woman and the one who is in state of Jannabah [32] should not recite anything of the Qur’an”, is a weak hadeeth as agreed upon by the knowledgeable scholars of Hadeeth.

In fact women at the time of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to have their monthly cycles of menses.Had the recitation of Qur’an been prohibited for them (as it is the case with Salat) then the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would have made it clear to his Ummah (Islamic community) and his wives would have known about it and they would have dissipated this knowledge to the people. Because no one had related a prohibition by the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) about this issue, then it cannot be made unlawful especially when it is known that he (صلى الله عليه و سلم) did not prohibit it at the time when menses was very much present.

Accordingly, recitation by the tongue is not Haram (legally unlawful).[33] This author said: “having known the dispute between the scholars about this matter, then it is more proper for the menstruating woman not to recite Qur’an by the tongue except when it is necessary e.g. if she is a teacher or if she is preparing for an exam.”

Footnotes:

[29] Takbeer: saying Allahu Akbar (Allah is The Greatest); Tasbeeh: saying Subhana Allah (Most Glorified is Allah); Tahmeed: saying Al Hamdulil’lah: All Praise is due to Allah.
[30] Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic-English) V.1, P.179, Hadeeth # 296.
[31] Agreed upon Hadeeth. In Saheeh Al-Bukhari (Arabic- English), V. 1, P. 192, Hadeeth # 321.
[32] Jannabah: Is the state in which a man (or a woman) has sexual discharge during sexual intercourse or in a dream, etc. In this state a Muslim is not allowed to pray or do other kinds of worships unless and until he (she) performs Ghusl (have a full shower) or do Tayammum if he/she cannot use water for any reason.
[33] Ibin Taymeeyah in Al-Fatawa (religious decrees) V. 26, P. 191.

Source : [eBook] Natural Blood of Women – Shaykh Uthaymeen – Translated by Dr Saleh As-Saleh

Remembering Their Cell Phones Before Remembering Allah – Shaykh Abdur Razzaq al-Badr [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Remembering Their Cell Phones Before Remembering Allah
Shaykh Abdur Razzaq al-Badr حفظه الله
http://mtws.posthaven.com/remembering…
Translated by Rasheed ibn Estes Barbee حفظه الله

Video Courtesy: Bilal Nahim

Authentic Adhkaar (Remembrance) after the Obligatory Salaah (Prayer) – Dawud Burbank

Dhikr #1

Dhikr After Obligatory Prayer - Dawud Burbank - 01

(1) MUSLIM reported (no. 591): “Daawood ibn Rushayd narrated to us: alWaleed narrated to us : from al-Awzaa`ee: from Aboo Ammaar-his name is Shaddaad ibn `Abdillaah: from Aboo Asmaa. : from Thawbaan who said: “When Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) finished his Prayer he would seek forgiveness three times, and say:

اللّهُـمَّ أَنْـتَ السَّلامُ ، وَمِـنْكَ السَّلام ، تَبارَكْتَ يا ذا الجَـلالِ وَالإِكْـرام

[O Allaah You are the Flawless One, and from You comes peace and security.
Blessed are You, Possessor of Majesty and Honour].

al-Waleed said: So I said to al-Awzaa`ee: ‘How is seeking forgiveness done?’

He said: “You say : “… أَسْـتَغْفِرُ الله  أَسْـتَغْفِرُ الله ”

(I seek Allaah’s forgiveness, I seek Allaah’s forgiveness….)”.

-The wording of the four ‘Sunan’ in a hadeeth of `Aa.ishah- radiyallaahu `anhaa-(declared authentic by Shaikh al-Albaanee) is:

اللّهُـمَّ أَنْـتَ السَّلامُ ، وَمِـنْكَ السَّلام ، تَبارَكْتَ يا ذا الجَـلالِ وَالإِكْـرام

[O Allaah You are the Flawless One, and from You comes peace and security.
Exalted are You, O Possessor of Majesty and Honour].

Dhikr #2

Dhikr After Obligatory Prayer - Dawud Burbank - 02

(2) AL-BUKHAAREE reported (no.844): “Muhammad ibn Yoosuf narrated to us, saying: Sufyaan narrated to us: from `Abdul-Malik ibn `Umayr: from Warraad-the scribe of al-Mugheerah ibn Shu`bah who said: al-Mugheerah dictated to me in a letter to Mu`aawiyah that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say after every Obligatory Prayer:

La ilaha illal-lahu wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul-hamd, wahuwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer, allahumma la mani’a lima a’tayt, wa la mu’tiya lima mana’t, wala yanfa’u thal-jaddi minkal-jad

None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner. Sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him, and He has full power over everything. O Allaah no one can hold back what You give, and no one can give what You hold back, and no one’s riches can benefit them against You.”

Dhikr #3

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(3) MUSLIM reported (no.594): “And Muhammad ibn `Abdillaah ibn Numayr narrated to us: My father narrated to us: Hishaam narrated to us: from AbuzZubayr who said: “Ibn az-Zubayr used to say at the end of every Prayer when he had given the Salutation:

La ilaha illal-lah, wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul-hamd, wahuwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer. la hawla wala quwwata illa billah, la ilaha illal-lah, wala na’budu illa iyyah, lahun-niAAmatu walahul-fadl walahuth-thana-ol- hasan, la ilaha illal-lah mukhliseena lahud-deen walaw karihal-kafiroon.

[None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner. Sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him, and He has full power over everything. There is no change and no ability except with (the Aid of) Allaah. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and we do not worship except Him. All blessings are from Him and all favour is from Him, and fine praise is for Him. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, we make the Religion purely and sincerely for Him-even though the Disbelievers detest that],

and he said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to repeat these words after every Prayer.”

Dhikr #4

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(4) (a) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’, and ‘Allaahu Akbar’- thirty three times each after every Prayer.
[al-Bukhaaree (no. 843) and Muslim (no. 595) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (b) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -thirty-three times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ -thirty-four times-after every Prayer. [Reported by Muslim (no. 596) from a hadeeth of Ka`b ibn `Ujrah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (c) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -thirty-three times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ -thirty-three times- and then: لا إلهَ إلاّ اللّهُ وَحْـدَهُ لا شريكَ لهُ، لهُ الملكُ ولهُ الحَمْد، وهُوَ على كُلّ شَيءٍ قَـدير
whoever does so after every Prayer then his sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea.
[Reported by Muslim (no.597) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (d) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -twenty-five times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -twenty-five times, ‘Allaahu akbar’ -twenty-five times ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah’ -twenty-five times
[Reported by an-Nasaa.ee (no. 1350) from a hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit-radiyallaahu `anhu and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaahu.]

or (e) ) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -ten times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -ten times, ‘Allaahu akbar’ -ten times.
[Reported by al-Bukhaaree (no.6329)-from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

Dhikr #5

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(5) ABOO DAAWOOD reported (no. 1522): “ `Ubaydullaah ibn `Umar ibn Maysarah narrated to us: `Abullaah ibn Yazeed al-Muqri. narrated to us: Haywah ibn Shurayh narrated to us, saying: I heard `Uqbah ibn Muslim say: Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Hubulee narrated to me: from as-Sunaabihee: from Mu`aadh ibn Jabal: that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) took hold of his hand and said:

<>
So he said: << I counsel you, O Mu`aadh: Do not leave off saying at the end of every Prayer:

اللّهُـمَّ أَعِـنِّي عَلـى ذِكْـرِكَ وَشُكْـرِك ، وَحُسْـنِ عِبـادَتِـك

[O Allaah help me upon remembrance of You, giving thanks to You, and worshipping You in a fine manner].>>

And Mu`aadh counselled as-Sunaabihee with that, and as-Sunaabihee counselled Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan with it.”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah-said in ‘Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood’ (no. 1362): “ I say: Its chain of narration is ‘Saheeh’ and it was declared ‘Saheeh’ by Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan (2017)…

And the hadeeth is reported by Ahmad (5/244-245), Ibn Khuzaymah in his ‘Saheeh’ (751), and likewise Ibn Hibbaan (no. 2345), and Aboo Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilyah’ (1/241 & 5/130) through other chains from `Abdullaah ibn Yazeed al-Muqri… with it, and they add: “And Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan counselled `Uqbah ibn Muslim.” And Aboo Nu`aym added: “And `Uqbah counselled Haywah, and Haywah counselled Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Muqri., and Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Muqri., counselled Bishr ibn Moosaa, and Bishr ibn Moosaa counselled Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn al-Hasan, and Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hasan counselled me.

Aboo Nu`aym-rahimahullaah said: “And I counsel you (all) with it.” I say: This hadeeth is from the famous hadeeth reported with a serial chain, mentioning love, and I was given ijaazah to narrate it by the virtuous Shaikh Raaghib at-Tabbaakhrahimahullaah, and he narrated it to me… and he reported its isnaad in this manner mentioning love at each stage of the chain.]

Dhikr #6

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(6) AT-TIRMIDHEE reported (no.2903): “Qutaybah narrated to us, saying: Ibn Lahee`ah narrated to us: from Yazeed ibn Abee Habeeb: from `Alee ibn Rabaah: from `Uqbah ibn `Aamir who said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) commanded me to recite the two Soorahs of seeking refuge (alMu`awwidhatayn) at the end of every Prayer..” [Declared ‘saheeh’ by Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah.]

Dhikr #7

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(7) AN-NASAA.EE reported in ‘`Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah’ (no. 100): “alHusayn ibn Bishr related to us in Tarsoos-we wrote from him, saying: Muhammad ibn Himyar narrated to us, saying: Muhammad ibn Ziyaad narrated to us: from Aboo Umaamah who said: Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:<> [Shaikh al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth ‘Saheeh’ in ‘as-Saheehah’ (no. 972)].

Dhikr #8

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(8) AL-BUKHAAREE reported (no. 2822): “Moosaa ibn Ismaa`eel narrated to us: Aboo `Awaanah narrated to us: `Abdul-Malik ibn `Umayr narrated to us, saying: I heard `Amr ibn Maymoon al-Awdee say: Sa`d used to teach his sons these words, just as a teacher teaches boys to write, and he used to say that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would seek refuge (with Allaah) from them at the end of the Prayer:

Allahumma innee a’oothu bika minal-jubn, wa-a’oothu bika min an oradda ila arthalil- ‘umur, wa-a’oothu bika min fitnatid-dunya wa wa-a’oothu bika min ‘athabil-qabr.

[O Allaah! I seek Your refuge from cowardice, and I seek Your refuge from being brought back to senile old age, and I seek Your refuge from the trials of the world, and I seek your refuge from the punishment of the grave]

So I narrated it to Mus`ab and he affirmed it.”

Dhikr #9

Dhikr After Obligatory Prayer - Dawud Burbank - 09

(9) AN-NASAA.EE reported (no. 1347): `Amr ibn `Alee related to us, saying: Yahyaa narrated to us: from `Uthmaan ash-Shahhaam: from Muslim ibn Abee Bakrah who said: My father used to say at the end of the Prayer:

[O Allaah! I seek Your refuge from Unbelief, and poverty, and the punishment of the grave].

So I used to say it, so my father said: “Who did you take this from?” So I said: “From you!” He said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) used to say it at the end of the Prayer.”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee said: “Its isnaad is ‘Saheeh’”]

Dhikr #10

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(10) IBNUS-SUNNEE reported in `Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah’ (no. 116), and AT-TABARAANEE in ‘al-Kabeer’ (nos.7811 & 7893) (& 7982)… from Aboo Umaamah-radiyallaahu `anhu-who said:

“I never drew near to Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) at the end of an obligatory or optional Prayer except that I heard him saying:

[O Allaah forgive me all of my sins and shortcomings. O Allaah raise me and restore me, and guide me to righteous deeds and manners; no one can guide to that which is righteous from them, nor repel that which is bad from them besides You].”

[Declared ‘hasan’ (i.e. due to supporting narrations) by Shaikh al-Albaanee in ‘SaheehulJaami`’ (no. 1266) and Shaikh Saleem al-Hilaalee in ‘Saheeh Kitaabil-Adhkaar’ (189/154).]

Dhikr #11

Dhikr After Obligatory Prayer - Dawud Burbank - 11

(11) AN-NASAA.EE reported [Book of ‘Sahw’ (Forgetfulness)]:Chapter (87): Another type of dhikr after the Salutation (no.1344):

“Muhammad ibn Ishaaq as-Saaghaanee related to us, saying: Aboo Salamah alKhuzaa`ee-Mansoor ibn Salamah narrated to us, saying: Khallaad ibn Sulaymaan narrated to us, saying Aboo Salamah said: and he was on e of those who were fearful: From Khaalid ibn Abee `Imraan: from `Urwah: from `Aa.ishah: that when Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) had sat in a gathering or prayer he would say some words. So `Aa.ishah asked him about the words, so he said:

<

[I declare You free of all imperfections, O Allaah, and all praise is for You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.].”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah-declared it ‘Saheeh’.]

[Compiled and translated by Abu Talhah Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah]

Click the below link to read or download PDF

Authentic Adhkaar (Remembrance) after the Salaah (Prayer) – Dawud Burbank [PDF]

Make your houses places of Dhikr of Allah – Dawood Adeeb [Audio|En]

Part 01 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 46:47)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/make-your-houses-places-of-dhikr-of-allah-part-01-dawood-adib.mp3]

Part 02 : Listen / Download Mp3 Here (Time 39:14)
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/make-your-houses-places-of-dhikr-of-allah-part-02-dawood-adib.mp3]

Remembrance of Allaah – Imam Ibn Taimiyyah / Saleh As-Saleh [Audio|En]

Based on Ibn Taimiyyah’s The Concise Admonition ( Al Wasiyyah Al Sughrah)

Concise Admonition – Ibn Taymiyah – 21- Remembrance of Allaah – part 1 – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/concise-admonition-ibn-taymiyah-21-remembrance-of-allaah-part-1-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Concise Admonition – Ibn Taymiyah – 22- Remembrance of Allaah – part 2 – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/concise-admonition-ibn-taymiyah-22-remembrance-of-allaah-part-2-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Concise Admonition – Ibn Taymiyah – 23- Remembrance of Allaah – part 3 – Saleh-As-Saleh
[audio https://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/concise-admonition-ibn-taymiyah-23-remembrance-of-allaah-part-3-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Affluent Have Made Off With Rewards – Great Rewards of Dhikr – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

An-Nawawi 40 Hadith – 25 – Affluent Have Made Off With Rewards
[audio http://salafiaudio.files.wordpress.com/2014/09/an-nawawi-40-hadith-25-affluent-have-made-off-with-rewards-saleh-as-saleh.mp3]

Remembering Allaah Morning and Evening – Shaykh al-Albaani

Source: silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor – the series of guidance and light – tape no. 192

~

Question #6: “When is the time for the adhkaar[1] of the morning and evening?”

Shaykh al-Albaani (rahimahullaah) answers:

“The adhkaar of the evening are (made) after ‘asr, and the adhkaar of themorning are (made) after fajr.”

[1] words of remembrance of Allaah

~

asaheeha translations

The Ruling of making Dhikr collectively in Unison

The Ruling of making Dhikr collectively in Unison according to the Imams of the Salaf
Researched by Ahmad bin Muhammad an-Najjar
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

[The scenario]

This is collectively coming together to make Dhikr (remembrance of Allaah) in unison (one voice) whether that Dhikr is reciting the Qur’aan, or making Dua’ or makingTasbeeh (saying: SubhanAllaah) etc. doing this without the aim of educating or learning.

[Its ruling According to the Imams of the Salaf ]

Indeed the Imams of the Salaf from the (Sahabah) Companions and those that followed them in goodness are all agreed upon the rejection of every innovation in theDeen, and rejecting every worship or form of worship which the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- did not do, nor what his noble Companions did not practice.  There are narrations from a group of the Companions and those who followed their way, concerning this form of making Dhikr, and here are their statements:

[Umar bin al-Khattab Radi Allaahu anhu]

From Abu Uthmaan an-Nahdi who said: ‘A worker for Umar bin al-Khattab wrote to Umar saying that there are a group of people who gather together to make Dua’ for the Muslims and the leader.’

So Umar Radi Allaahu anhu wrote to him: ‘Bring them to me with yourself.’

The man came and Umar said to the doorman, prepare the whip. When they entered upon Umar Radi Allaahu anhu he descended upon their leader by hitting him with the whip.’[1]

The rightly guided Khalifah Umar bin al-Khattab Radi Allaahu anhu rejected that a group gathered to make Dhikr in a form that the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-did not do, nor did the best of his Companions. To the extent Umar Radi Allaahu anhudid not suffice by rejecting what they did by just speaking about it, rather he beat their leader with a whip, and this shows the great concern the Companions had in rejecting innovated Bida’ in the Deen.

 

[Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood]

From ‘Amr bin Salamah:  We were sitting by the door of Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood before lunch, so that if he came out, we could walk with him to the Masjid.

Abu Moosaa al-Ash’aree came and said: Has Abu Abdur-Rahmaan come out yet?

We said: No.

So, he sat down with us, waiting for him to come out, and when he came out, we all gathered towards him, and Abu Moosaa said:

‘O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan! Previously I saw something in the Masjid, which I disliked. But, Alhamdulillaah, what I saw, was nothing but good.’

He said: What was it?

Abu Moosaa said, ‘If you live, you will see it.’

Then Abu Moosaa said, ‘I saw a group of people, sitting in circles waiting for the prayer.  In every circle there was a man and in their hands were small stones and he would say: ‘Say Allaahu Akbar 100 times’ and they would say ‘Allaahu Akbar’ 100 times.  Then, he would say, ‘Say laa ilaha ilAllaah 100 times’ and they would say ‘laa ilaha ilAllaah’ 100 times and he would say, ‘Say SubhaanAllaah’ 100 times and they would say ‘SubhaanAllaah’ 100 times.’

Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood said, ‘So what did you say to them?’

He said: ‘I did not say anything to them, rather I waited for your opinion [or ‘I waited for your command’].’

He said: ‘Why did you not command them to count their bad deeds [i.e. seek forgiveness from your deeds] and guarantee them that their good deeds would not be lost?!’

Then he walked and we walked with him until he reached one of those circles and he stood there and said, ‘What is this that I see you doing?’

They said: ‘O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan! These are nothing but small stones with which we are counting, saying ‘Allaahu Akbar, laa ilaaha illAllaah and SubhaanAllaah.’

He said, ‘Count your sins; I guarantee that you will not lose anything of your good deeds!  Beware, O Ummah of Muhammad!  How quick you are to your destruction!

Here we are, the Companions of your Prophet – abundant, everywhere and here is his clothing which has not been [wasted away] and his utensils have not been broken. I swear by Him in Whose Hand is my soul, either you are an Ummah more rightly-guided than the Ummah of Muhammad or you are opening the door of misguidance.’

They said; ‘We swear by Allaah, O Abu Abdur-Rahmaan, we did not intend anything but good.’

He said: ‘How many people intend good but never achieve it.  Verily the Messenger of Allaah – narrated to us, ‘Indeed there will be a people who read the Qur’aan but it does not pass beyond their throats.’  I swear by Allaah, I do not know. Perhaps most of them are from amongst you.’

Then he went away.

‘Amr bin Salamah said, ‘We saw some of those sitting in those circles fighting on the Day of Nahrawaan, along with the Khawaarij.’[2]

Indeed Ibn Mas’ood Radi Allaahu anhu reprimanded a group who were gathered together in the form of circles, remembering Allaah, and Ibn Mas’ood used as an evidence against their misguidance in that they opposed that what the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- were upon, those who had witnessed the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and they knew his statements, his actions, and his situations, which the Companions used to use to show their guidance.

[Abu Hanifah an-Nu’man]

Imam Abu Hanifah -Rahimullaah- said:

‘That raising the voice in making Takbeer (saying Allaahu Akbar) is principally a Bida’, because it is Dhikr, and the Sunnah regarding Dhikr is with lowering the voice.’[3]

[Malik bin Anas]

From Ibn Wahab who said:

‘I said to Malik -Rahimullaah-: ‘What would you say if you saw a group of people gathering together and all of them together reading one Soorah till the end of theSoorah?

Imam Malik rejected that and found fault with that and said:

‘This is not how the people used to do this, rather one man used to recite to another person for learning purposes.’[4]

Ibn Wahab also said in ‘Taj wal-Ikleel li Mukhtasir Khaleel’:

‘Malik disliked that recitors gather together reciting one Soorah, and he said: ‘this was not from the practice of the people,’ and he regarded it as a Bida’.[5]

[Yahya bin Ma’een & Ahmad bin Hanbal]

al-Fadl bin Mihraan said: ‘I asked Yahya bin Ma’een and Ahmad bin Hanbal: ‘Indeed we have a group of people who get together and make Dua’, recite Qur’aan (collectively) and remember Allaah Ta’ala together, how do you view these people?’

As for Yahya bin Ma’een he said: ‘They should read from the Mus’haf (Qur’aan), and make Dua’ after the prayer and remember Allaah individually to themselves.’

al-Fadl bin Muhammad said: ‘I said: ‘I have a brother who takes part with them.’

Yahya said: ‘Forbid him from that.’

I said: ‘He does not accept.’

Yahya said: ‘Admonish him.’

I said: ‘He does not accept. Should I boycott him?’

He said: ‘Yes.’

Then I came to Ahmad and told him similar to what I had said to Yahya and Ahmad also said to me:

‘They should read from the Mus’haf, and remember Allaah Ta’ala individually and seek the hadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

I said: ‘Should I forbid my brother?’

Ahmad said: ‘Yes.’

I said: ‘And if he does not accept.’

Ahmad said: ‘Of course he will InshAllaah, since indeed this is an innovation, this type of gathering which you describe.’

I said: ‘and if he does not accept should I boycott him?’

Ahmad smiled and remained silent.’[6]

If an opponent contests what has preceded and says, there are Sharia’ texts which indicate to the excellence of gathering for Dhikr, and this is what is established in Saheeh Muslim from Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhu from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said: ‘Indeed Allaah –Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – has  noble Angels who travel around, they search for gatherings of Dhikr, and if they find gatherings where there is Dhikr they sit with those people and they encompass each other with their wings, until they fill that which is between them and the heavens of the Dunyaa, then when they leave they ascend and climb to the heavens.

Then Allaah – Azza wa Jal- asks them – while He knows more about them than they do -: ‘From where did you come?’

They will reply:

‘We came from worshippers of Yours on the earth, and they were saying:SubhaanAllaah (Far is Allaah from imperfection), Allaahu Akbar (Allaah is the Greatest), laa ilaaha illAllaah (there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah) and Alhamdulillaah (Praise be to Allaah) and they were asking of You. . . .’[7]

And there are other similar evidences.

The reply to this objection is from different points:

1- The wording ‘Dhikr’ and ‘Tasbeeh’ is mentioned in the texts (Book & Sunnah) unrestrictedly. For an unrestricted wording in the Sharia’ it is not allowed to limit it to a particular number or amount, or to a particular form, except if there is a text from theSharia’ present regarding it.

As for Dhikr in a collective form with voices in unison, then this has not been mentioned in the Book of Allaah nor in the Sunnah of His Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

Therefore, what is mentioned in the texts, with the encouragement to perform Dhikr in a plural form does not indicate in itself to making Dhikr collectively, because it is an unrestricted wording, and an unrestricted wording cannot be limited except with aSharia’ evidence, and there is no proof to restrict making Dhikr in unison in this issue.

2- That the Companions did not understand this form of Dhikr from these texts of theSharia’, rather they rejected this form, and they dispraised the one who did this form of Dhikr.  They regarded this from the innovated matters in the Deen, as has preceded in the story of Umar and Ibn Mas’ood, and the understanding of the Companions of the texts of the two revealed sources (the Book & the Sunnah) precedes the understanding of other than them.  Rather it is an obligation to follow their understanding, and it is not allowed to abstain from it.

3- That the Imams also rejected what the Companions rejected as has been mentioned from Abu Hanifah, Malik, Ahmad bin Hanbal and others.

This indicates that they are united upon rejecting and criticizing this form of Dhikr, and along with that I will add two more statements of two Imams from the Maliki Madhab, and they are Qurtubi and Tartooshi.

Abul-Abbas Ahmad al-Qurtubi said:

‘As for the saying of the Messenger -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘No people gather together in one of the houses of Allah, reciting the Book of Allah and studying it among themselves, without tranquility descending upon them, mercy enveloping them, the angels surrounding them, and Allah making mention of them amongst those who are with Him.’[8]

The houses of Allaah are the Masajid, as Allaah Ta’ala said:

<< In houses (Masajid), which Allah has ordered to be raised, in them His Name is glorified in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings>>[9]

Those who hold it permissible to read the Qur’aan in congregation in unison (one voice) adhere to this hadeeth, as is done here in Morocco.  Some of our scholars have disliked that, and held the opinion that it is a Bida’, since it was not the way of the Salaf in reciting like this.  But rather the hadeeth is understood to be that every individual studies the Book of Allaah by them self, or with someone who will correct them.’[10]

Tartooshi said:

‘These Aathaar (narrations) necessitate the permissibility of congregating to recite the noble Qur’aan with the intent of studying it, learning it, and revising it. That takes place by a student reading it to a teacher, or a teacher reading it to a student. And if two people have an equal level of knowledge then one of them reads to the other for revision and studying purposes, this is how teaching and learning occur, without having to recite in congregation.’[11]

Concluding, I bring attention to an issue: which is that being continuous upon gathering for the Dhikr of Allaah – even if it does not include doing so in unison – has not been legislated, because there is no text from the Qur’aan nor from the Sunnah being continuous in gathering in this way. Likewise, being continuous upon this type of congregation resembles the congregations which are permissible, like the five daily prayers, the Juma’ prayer, the two Eid, and the Hajj.

Therefore, there is a distinction between what is taken as Sunnah and custom, and these gatherings, which resemble legislated ones, and between that which is done sometimes, since this is permitted, and this is the guidance of the Companions of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, as they would sometimes gather together.

al-Imam Ibn Taymeeyah said:

‘Gathering for optional prayers, or to listen to Qur’aan, or for the Dhikr of Allaah, etc. if that is done sometimes then it is better since it has been authentically reported from the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- that he prayed an optional prayer in congregation sometimes. Likewise, he went out to his Companions and there would be amongst them one who would recite and the others would listen, and the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- would sit with them to listen. And the Companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would, if they gathered order one of them to recite while they would listen. . . . .

As for taking gatherings successively repeating them, repeatedly and regularly over weeks, months and years, other than gatherings which have been legislated. Then these type gatherings which resemble gatherings for the five daily prayers, the Juma’prayer, the two Eid, and the Hajj, that is because those other gatherings are innovated and newly invented. Therefore, there is a difference between what is taken as a Sunnah and what is taken as a habit and that which resembles what is legislated, and this difference has been mentioned by Imam Ahmad and others from the Imams.

Abu Bakr al-Khalaal narrated in ‘the book of manners’ from Ishaq bin Mansoor al-Kosaj that he said to Abu Abdullaah:

‘It is disliked that a people gather to make Dua’ to Allaah and to raise their hands to Allaah.

Imam Ahmad said: ‘I do not reject for brothers, if they should unintentionally gather except that they should not do it a lot.’

Ishaq bin Rahawayeeyah said the same as what Imam Ahmad said.

As for the wording: ‘not do it a lot’ means not to take it as a habit so much that it is done a lot, and this is the speech of Ishaaq.’[12]

Ibn Taymeeyah also said:

‘Gathering upon reading, Dhikr and Dua’ is good and recommended as long as it is not taken as a regular habit – just like those gatherings which are legislated – and that there is no evil Bida’ connected to it.’[13]

Shaatabi al-Maliki said:

‘Constantly making Dua’ in a form of a congregation was not from the actions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, as it was not from the statements of the Messenger, nor was it from that which he allowed.’[14]

Footnotes

[1] Collected by Ibn Abi Shaybah (8/558) from Muwayeeyah bin Hisham who said Sufyaan narrated to us from Sa’eed al-Jareeree from Abi Uthmaan, & its chain is Hasan.

[2] Narrated by ad-Darmi in his Musnad. The chapter about the dislike of taking opinions (1/286-287) by ‘Amr bin Yahya bin ‘Amr bin Salmah from his father, from his grandfather.

[3] Badai’ as-Sanai’ by al-Kasani al-Hanafi (2/99)

[4] al-Madkhal by Ibn al-Hajj (1/91)

[5] (2/85) & al-Khaleel said: in his ‘Mukhtasir’ (p.38), and this is the main issue in theMadhab of Malik amongst the later comers: ‘This dislike of doing Sujood of gratefulness in unison, & reciting Soorah Zilzal together by raising voices in the Masjid and reciting Qur’aan and Dhikr in a musical way.’

The Malikeeyah clearly disliked this.

And in ‘at-Taj wal-Ikleel li Mukhtasir Khaleel’ (2/85): ‘Muhiddeen an-Nawawi commented regarding the saying of the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-: ‘No group of people gather together to recite the Book of Allaah except….’

This hadeeth shows the permissibility of reciting the Qur’aan in unison, this is ourMadhab, and the Madhab of the majority, however Malik rejected it and some of our companions interpolated it.

Ibn Rushd said: ‘Indeed Malik disliked this because it is a matter which is innovated, and because these people desired to recite it in a musical tone, in the same way singers do, so the reason for it being disliked is clear.’

[6] ‘al-Adab ash-Shareeya’ by Ibn Muflih (2/75)

[7] Collected by Muslim in the Book of Dhikr & Dua’, Chapter The Excellence of gatherings of Dhikr.

[8] Collected by Muslim in the Book of Dhikr & Dua’, Chapter The Excellence of gatherings of reading Qur’aan & upon Dhikr.

[9] [Noor: 36]

[10] ‘al-Mufhim ‘ala Saheeh Muslim’ (9/424)

[11] Kitab al-Hawadith wal-Bida’ p.166

[12] Iqtida Siraat-ul-Mustaqeem (1/305)

[13] Majmoo’ al-Fatawa (22/523)

[14] al-‘Itissam (1/248)

The Excellence of the Four Statements (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar) – Shaykh AbdurRazaaq al-Badr

The Excellence of the Four Statements

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ، وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’

(Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar)

By AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part 01

AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr said:

‘Indeed the best speech and the most excellent remembrance after the Noble Qur’aan is four statements. They have an exceptional value, they consist of a great matter and have a high status in the Deen of Allaah, and they are:

‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar).

There are many texts, which show the excellence of these four statements that emphasize this great matter, and the value of these statements and the resulting great reward when establishing them and their noble excellence and their continuous benefits in the Dunyaa and the Hereafter. We will attempt to present some of the excellence of these statements from some of the texts, which mention these benefits.

1- So from the excellence of these words is that they are the most beloved speech to Allaah. Imam Muslim collected in his book from the hadeeth of Sumrah bin Jundab Radi Allaahu anhu who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘The most beloved speech to Allaah consists of four, there is no harm with which one you begin, Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar.’[1]

And collected by Tayyalisi in his ‘Musnad’ with the wording:

‘There are four statements that are the most beloved speech to Allaah, and they are in the Qur’aan, there is no harm which one you begin with: Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar.’[2]

2- From their excellence is that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam informed us that they are more beloved to him than what the sun rose upon (i.e. from the Dunyaaand what is in it,) Muslim collected in his book ‘Saheeh’ from the hadeeth of Abu Hurairah who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed that I say: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar) is more beloved to me than what the sun rose upon.’[3]

3 – From their excellence is, what is mentioned in ‘Musnad’ of Imam Ahmad and ‘Shu’ab al-Eeman’ by Bayhaqi with a good Isnaad from Assim bin Bahdalah from Abu Salih from Umm Hani bint Abu Talib who said: ‘The Messenger of Allaah walked past me so I said: ‘Indeed I have become old and weak – or something similar to this – then he ordered me with an action which I should do while I am sitting. He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Say Subhana Allaah one hundred times, indeed it is equivalent to freeing one hundred slaves from the offspring of Isma’eel.

And say Alhamdulillaah one hundred times, it is the equivalent to one hundred horses saddled with reins ready to carry a person in the path of Allaah.

And say Allaahu akbar one hundred times, since it is the equivalent to one hundred camels slaughtered for the sake of Allaah.

And say La illaah ila Allaah one hundred times, Ibn Khalf (the narrator from Aasim) said: I think he said: it fills what is between the heavens and the earth and on that day no one will have an action raised except the one who came with the like of it.’[4]

Al-Mundhari said: Ahmad collected it with a Hasan Isnad[5] and the ‘allaama al-Albaani declared its Isnad Hasan.[6]

Reflect upon this great reward, which is a result of these words. So whoever says Subhana Allaah hundred times then it is the equivalent to freeing a hundred slaves from the sons of Isma’eel, the offspring of Isma’eel was mentioned specifically because they are the noblest of the Arabs in lineage.  Whoever says Alhamdulillaah a hundred times then he will have the reward as the one who gave charity of one hundred horses saddled and reined ready to carry the Mujahideen in the path of Allaah. Whoever says Allaahu Akbar a hundred times then he will have the reward as the one who spends camels slaughtered for the sake of Allaah. Whoever said la illaah ila Allaah a hundred times then it fills what is between the heavens and the earth and no one’s action is raised except if one comes with what was mentioned.

4- From the excellence of the status of these words, is that they are an expiation for sins. It is mentioned in ‘al-Musnad’, ‘Sunnan Tirmidhi’ and ‘Mustadrak al-Hakim’ from the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr bin al-‘Aaas Radi Allaahu anhuwho said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘There is no person on earth who says: ‘la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar, wa Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa, (There is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah) except that his sins are expiated even if they were more than the foam on the sea.’

Tirmidhi declared it to be Hasan, and al-Hakim authenticated it and Dhahabi agreed with him and al-Albaani declared it to be Hasan.[7]

As for the meaning ‘expiation of sins’ here it means minor sins, as is mentioned in Saheeh Muslim from Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhuthat the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to say:

‘The five daily prayers, from one Juma’ till the next Juma’, from one Ramadhan till the next Ramadhan is an expiation for what takes place between them as long as the major sins are kept away from.’[8]

Therefore expiation of sins has been limited to keeping away from the major sins; because a major sin can only be expiated by repentance.

Also there is a hadeeth that has been collected with the same meaning by Tirmidhi and other than him from Anas bin Malik Radi Allaahu anhu that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam walked passed a tree which had dry leaves and he hit that tree with his stick and the leaves began to fall, the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed al-Hamdu lillaahi, wa Subhana Allaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar,cause the sins of a slave of Allaah to fall just like the leaves of this tree are falling.’

Declared Hasan by al-Albaani.[9]

5- From the excellence of these words is that they are plants of Paradise, Tirmidhi collected from Abdullaah bin Mas’ood, from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamthat he said:

‘I met the Prophet Ibrahim on the night when I was taken on the night journey, and Ibrahim said: O Muhammad convey my Salam to your Ummah, and inform them that Paradise has very fine soil, sweet water. That it has lowland and its plants are: ‘Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar’ (Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest)’[10]

In the Isnaad of this hadeeth is AbdurRahman bin Ishaaq, however the hadeeth has two supporting narrations which strengthen this narration from the hadeeth of Abu ‘Ayyoub al-Ansari and from the hadeeth of Abdullaah bin Umar.

The meaning is that plants in Paradise grow quickly due to these statements, just like the plants that are planted on lowland and the growth of its plants is fast.

6 – From its excellence is that there is none better according to Allaah than a believer who lives his life in Islaam and says ‘Allaahu akbar, Subhana Allaahi, la illaah ila Allaah, and al-Hamdu lillaahi,’ a lot.

What is collected by Imam Ahmad and by Nisa’ee in ‘Amal al-Yawm wa Laylah’ with a Hasan Isnaad from Abdullaah bin Shaddad: is that a group of three people from the tribe of Udhraah came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and accepted Islaam and Abdullaah said that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Who will look after them?’

Talha said: ‘I will.’

Abdullaah said: ‘They stayed with Talha and the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsent out a delegation and one of them went in it and was martyred.  Abdullaah said: then the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam sent another a delegation and another person went with them and was martyred.

Abdullaah continued: then the third person died on his bed.

Talha said: ‘I saw these three people who stayed with me [in a dream] they were in Paradise, and I saw the one who died on his bed in front of them, and I saw the one who was martyred last after him and I saw the one who was martyred last behind them.  Talha said: I came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and I mentioned this to him, and the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Why did you not stop them from going with the delegation, there is none better according to Allaah from a believer who lives his life in Islaam and says ‘Allaahu akbar, Subhana Allaahi, la illaah ila Allaah, and al-Hamdu lillaahi,’ a lot.’[11]

This great hadeeth shows the great excellence of the one who has a long life and his actions are good, and his tongue continues to be moist with the Dhikr of Allaah – Azza wa Jal, and success is from Allaah Alone.

[Taken from ‘Fiqh al-Adeeyah wal Adhkaar’ by Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr p.156-160]


[1] Saheeh Muslim

[2] Musnad at-Tayyalisi

[3] Saheeh Muslim

 

[4] Al-Musnad & Shu’ab al-Eemaan

[5] Targheeb wa Tarheeb (2/409)

[6] Silsilah Saheehah (3/303)

[7] Al-Musnad , Sunnan Tirmidhi, Mustadrak al-Hakim & Saheeh al-Jamia’ no. 5636

[8] Saheeh Muslim

[9] Sunnan Tirmidhi & Saheeh al-Jamia’ no. 1601

[10] Sunnan Tirmidhi & Albaani declared it Hasan in Saheehah no. 105

[11] Al-Musnad, Sunnan al-Kubra by Nisa’ee Book of Actions of the Day & the Night, Albaani declared it Hasan in Saheehah No. 654

Part 02

Shaykh AbdurRazaaq bin AbdulMuhsin al-Badr said:

‘Previously, we covered a number of virtues of these four statements: they are the best speech after the Qur’aan, they are ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar).

Here we will continue with another number of benefits from these statements from the Ahadeeth of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam which mention these statements:

7- From their excellence is that Allaah chose these statements and chose them for His slave, and Allaah has set aside for the one who remembers Allaah saying them, with great and abundant reward.

In the ‘Musnad’ of Imam Ahmad and ‘Mustadrak’ of al-Hakim with an authentic Isnaadfrom the hadeeth of Abu Huraira and Abu Sa’eed Radi Allaahu anhumma: that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed Allaah chose four statements: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar). So whoever says ‘Subhana Allaah,’ twenty good deeds are written for him, and twenty bad deeds are taken away.  Whoever says ‘Allaahu akbar’ then he gets likewise. Whoever says ‘La illaah ila Allaah,’ then he gets likewise.  Whoever says ‘Alhamdulillaahi Rabbil Al-Ameen’ from his own self then thirty good deeds are written for him and thirty sins are cancelled from him.’[1]

The reward for the slave of Allaah saying al-Hamd (Praise) is increased more than the other four, when he says it from his own self; this is because al-Hamd does not generally occur except after a reason for saying it, like eating or drinking, or the occurrence of a blessing, so it is as if the al-Hamd occurs due to something in return, for that which has been rendered to the slave of Allaah at the time of saying al-Hamd, so if the slave of Allaah mentions al-Hamd from his own self without any pushing factor to do so, nor for a new blessing (which Allaah has given him) then his reward is increased.

8- From their virtues is: that they are a protection from the Hell-Fire for the one who says them and they will come as a savior on the Day of Judgement for the one who says them and they will precede him. Al-Hakim collected in ‘al-Mustadrak’ and Nisa’ee in ‘Amal al-Yawm wa Layla’ and others from Abu Hurairah Radi Allaahu anhu who said that Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Take your protection.’

We said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah against an enemy that has arrived?’

He said:

‘No, but your protection from the Hell-Fire, say: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar) since indeed they will come on the Day of Judgement as saviours and preceding good actions and they are the lasting good deeds of the righteous.’

Al-Hakim said: ‘This hadeeth is Saheeh upon conditions of Muslim and they did not collect it. Dhahabi agreed with al-Hakim. And it was authenticated by the ‘allaama al-Albaani -Rahimullaah.’[2]

This hadeeth includes an addition to the Ahadeeth which have preceded which is describing these statements that they are the lasting good deeds.

Allaah Ta’ala said:

<< But the enduring good deeds are better to your Lord for reward and better for [one’s] hope. >> [18:46]

The lasting good deeds are those deeds due to which their reward remains, and is continuous, and this is the best at what a slave of Allaah can expect and hope for and expect the best reward.

9 – And from its benefits is: that they make a curve around the ‘Arsh of ar-Rahman and they have a buzzing sound like the buzzing of the bee, by which they mention /remember the one who said them.

In the ‘Musnad’ of Imam Ahmad and Sunnan Ibn Majah and ‘al-Mustadrak’ by al-Hakim from Nu’man bin Basheer Radi Allaahu anhu who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Indeed what you remember/mention from the magnificence of Allaah is sayingSubhana Allaah, Allaahu Akbar, la illaah ila Allaah and Alhamdulillaah, it curves around the ‘Arsh, they have a buzzing sound like the buzz of the bee, which (mention/remember) its (companion/the one) who says it. Does not one of you want that, or wish that someone still remembers you by it.’

Al-Busseeri said in: ‘Zawaid Sunnan Ibn Majah: ‘Its Isnaad is Saheeh, its narrators of trustworthy, and it was authenticated by al-Hakim.[3]

Therefore, the benefit of this hadeeth is this great virtue, which is that these four statements curve around the  ‘Arsh, i.e. that they go around it, they have a buzzing sound like the buzz of the bee, i.e. a sound which is similar to the sound of the bee and in doing so it remembers the person who said them, and those words are the greatest encouragement for Dhikr with these statements, this is why the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said in this hadeeth: ‘Does not one of you want that, or wish that someone still remembers you by it.’

10 – From their excellence: that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that they are heavy on the scales.  Nisa’ee narrated in ‘Amal al-Yawm wa Layla’ and Ibn Hibban in his book called ‘Saheeh’ and al-Haakim and other than them from Abu Salma Radi Allaahu anhu who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying:

Bakhin Bakhin – and pointed with his five fingers – how heavy they are on the scale: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar) and a righteous son that dies and his father is a Muslim and he benefits by him.’

Al-Haakim authenticated it and Dhahabi agreed[4] and the hadeeth has a support from the hadeeth of Thawbaan Radi Allaahu anhu, and al-Bazzar collected it in his ‘Musnad’ and said its Isnaad was Hasan.[5]

And his saying in the hadeeth: ‘Bakhin Bakhin’ this is a word, which is said when, being amazed by something and explaining its excellence.

11- From the excellence of these words is that for the slave of Allaah they are Sadaqah(giving charity) when he says each one of them.

It is collected by Muslim in his ‘Saheeh’ from Abu Dharr Radi Allaahu anhu:
Some of the companions of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘O Messenger of Allaah, the affluent have made off with the rewards, they pray as we pray they fast as we fast, and they give away in charity the extra of their wealth.’

He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Has not Allah made things for you to give away in charity? Every Tasbihah (saying:Subhana Allaah) is a charity, every Takbirah(saying: Allaahu Akbar) is a charity, everyTahmidah (saying: al-Hamdu lillaah)is a charity, and every Tahlilah (saying: la illaah ila Allaah)is a charity, to enjoin a good action is a charity, to forbid an evil action is a charity, and in having relations with your wife is a charity.’

They said: ‘O Messenger of Allah, when one of us fulfils his desire (with his wife) will he have some reward for that?’

He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Do you not think that if he were to act upon it unlawfully he would be sinning? Likewise, if he has acted upon it lawfully he will have a reward.’[6]

The poor people thought that there was no Sadaqah except by giving money, and they were incapable of doing that, so the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam informed them that all types of good actions and being good is Sadaqah, and the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned that at the head of good actions are these four statements ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar).

12 – From the excellence of these statements is that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam made these statements in place of the Noble Qur’aan for the one who truly cannot read it.

It is narrated by Abu Dawood, Nisa’aee, Daraqutni and other than them from Ibn Abee Awfa Radi Allaahu anhu who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: ‘O Messenger of Allaah indeed I cannot learn the Qur’aan, so teach me something that will give me a reward.’ He sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘Say: ‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest, There is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah.’ (Subhana Allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu Akbar wa La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa.)

Then the Bedouin said: ‘like this – and he closed his hand – and said: This is for Allaah, what is for me?’

The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

اللهم اغفر لي وارحمني وعافني وارزقني واهدني

‘Say: O Allaah forgive me, and have mercy on me, and pardon me, and provide for me, and guide me.’

Then the Bedouin took them [this supplication] and closed the palm of his hand. The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

‘As for this person then he has filled his two hands with goodness.’[7]

The Muhaddith Abu Tayyib al-Atheem ‘Abbadi said in his comments on Sunnan Daraqutni its Isnad is Saheeh and Albaani -Rahimullaah- said its Sanad is Hasan.[8]

These are some of the virtues mentioned in the Prophetic Sunnah regarding these four statements.  There are specific virtues for every one of these statements. Whoever reflects upon these preceding virtues finds that they are very great, and show the great status of these statements and their lofty status and their many benefits and their advantages upon the believer, the slave of Allaah.

Perhaps the secret to this great excellence – and Allaah knows best – is what has been mentioned by some of the people of knowledge, which is that the Names of Allaah –Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – are all incorporated in these four statements. As for what is embodied in ‘Subhana Allaah’ is the Name of Allaah which show purity like al-Qudoos(The Holy) and as-Salaam (The Source of Peace).

As for ‘Alhamdulillaah’ then it is comprises and affirms the different types of perfection for Allaah –Tabaraka – in His Names and His Attributes.

As for ‘Allaahu Akbar’ then it contains the Magnificence of Allaah and regarding Him as Great, and that none can enumerate praise upon Him, so whoever this possesses, then, He is the One Who is worthy of worship, which means that there is none worthy of worship except Him.

I swear by Allaah, look how great these statements are, and how magnificent their matter is, and how great is the result of the good for them.

We ask Allaah that He gives us the capability to observe these statements and to be continuous upon them, and makes us from its people, those whose tongues are moist with remembering them, indeed Allaah is The Protector of that and He is The Capable One.

[Taken from ‘Fiqh al-Adeeyah wal Adhkaar’ by Abdur-Razzaq al-Badr  p.161-166]


[1] Al-Musnad, al-Mustadrak and ‘Allaama Albaani said in Saheeh al-Jamia’ No.1718 it is Saheeh.

[2] Al-Mustadrak, Sunnan al-Kubra & Saheeh al-Jamia’ No. 3214

[3] Al-Musnad, Sunnan Ibn Majah & al-Mustadrak

[4] Sunnan al-Kubra, Saheeh Ibn Hibban & Al-Mustadrak

[5] Kashf al-Astaar ‘an Zawaid al-Bazzar

[6] Saheeh Muslim

[7] Sunnan Abu Dawood, Sunnan Nisa’ee & Sunnan Daraqutni

[8] Saheeh Abu Dawood

A Scholarly Research by Shaykh Albaani That Prayer Beads are a Bida’

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth ad-Daeefah’ 1/83
A summary of the research by the Muhaddith, Shaykh, Allamaa’ Muhammad Nasiruddeen al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Shaykh al-Albaani said in ‘Silsilah ad-Da’eefah’:

83 – ‘What a blessed reminder are prayer beads and indeed the best place to prostrate on is the earth and on that which the earth produces.’

Mawdoo (Fabricated)

Narrated by ad-Daylamee in ‘Musnad al-Firdaws’ (4/98); he said that Abdoos bin Abdullaah informed us that Abu Abdullaah al-Hussain bin Funjoowayah a-Thaqafi informed us that ‘Ali bin Muhammad bin Nassrooweeyah narrated to us that Muhammad bin Haroon bin Isa bin Mansoor al-Hashami narrated to us that Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Hamzah al-‘Alawee narrated to me that Abdul Samad bin Musa narrated to me that Zainab bint Sulayman bin ‘Ali narrated to me that Umm al-Hasan bint Jafar bin al-Hasan on the authority of her father on the authority of her grandfather on the authority of ‘Ali marfoo’ (ascribed to the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam).

[Research of the Isnad][1]

Suyooti mentioned it in his book ‘al-Manha fee as-Subha’ (2/141) and Shawkani conveyed it from him in ‘Nail-Awtaar’ (2/166-167) and they remained quiet about this narration!

I say (Albaani): This chain has darkness upon darkness; the majority of the narrators are Majhool (unknown) and some of them have been blamed:

I did not find anyone who wrote a biography for Umm al-Hasan bint Jafar bin al-Hasan.

Al-Khateeb wrote a biography for Zainab bint Sulayman bin ‘Ali in his ‘Tareekh’ (14/334) and he said: ‘She was of the best of women.’

Al-Khateeb wrote a biography for Abdul Samad bin Musa, he is al-Hashmi, (14/41) but he did not mention anything about him eitherpraising or criticizing him. However, Dhahabi conveyed in ‘al-Meezan’ on the authority of al-Khateeb that he said regarding him: ‘Indeed they regarded him as weak (Da’eef).’

Perhaps that was in some of al-Khateeb’s other books, then I corrected that and said: Rather that is in another hadeeth which will be mentioned with no. 2898.

Then Dhahabi said: ‘He narrates rejected narrations on the authority of his grandfather Muhammad bin Ibraheem al-Imaam’

I say (Albaani): Perhaps he is the point of objection in this hadeeth.

As for Muhammad bin ‘Ali bin Hamza al-‘Alawee then al-Khateeb also wrote a biography for him (3/63) and said: ‘Ibn Abee Haatim said: I heard from him and he is Sadooq (truthful) who died in the year 286.’

Muhammad bin Haroon, he is Muhammad bin Haroon bin al-Abbas bin Abee Jafar al-Mansoor, and al-Khateeb also mentioned him (3/356) saying: ‘He was from the people who had intelligence, had excellence and was a lecturer. He held the post of an Imaam of the masjid al-Madina in Baghdad for 50 years and he died in the year 308.’

As for Abdullaah bin al-Hussain bin Funjoowayah at-Thaqafi then he is Thiqaah (trustworthy), his biography is in ‘Siyaar alaam an-Nubala’ (17/383) and ‘Shadhrat ad-Dhaab’ (3/200).

Likewise with Abdoos bin Abdullaah, his biography is in ‘Siyaar alaam an-Nubala’ (19/98) and in ‘Lisaan al-Meezan’ (4/95).

[The Explanation]

From what has preceded it becomes clear to you that the Isnaad(chain) is Da’eef (weak), so it cannot be used as evidence.

Now, in my opinion, this hadeeth is Baatil (false) due to its meaning for the following reasons:

Firstly: that prayer beads are a Bida’ which were not present at the time of the Prophet –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and were innovated after the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-[2], so how could it make sensethat the Messenger – alayhi asallam- would encourage his Companions ina matter they did not know?!

The evidence for this is what Ibn Waddah al-Qurtubi mentioned in ‘al-Bida’ wal-Nahee anhaa’ (p.12) on the authority of Saltt bin Bahraam who said: ‘Ibn Mas’ood passed by a woman who had aTasbeeh (prayer beads) and would count upon them, so he broke it and threw it away. Then he passed by a man who was counting upon pebbles, so he kicked him with his leg. Then he said: You have preceded the Prophet! You have carried out an oppressive Bida’! You have preceded the Companions of Muhammad –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- in knowledge!’

The chain up to Saltt is Saheeh, he is Thiqaah (trustworthy) from theAtbaa’ at-Tabi’een (followers of the successors of the Companions), so its chain is broken.

Then it was narrated on the authority of Abaan bin Abee ‘Ayaash who said: I asked al-Hasan about a Nathaam (a thread with pearls etc. arranged upon it) made from pearls and date stones etc, isTasbeeh counted upon it?

So he said: None of the women of the Prophet –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-or the female emigrants did this.

However, its chain is very weak.

Secondly: that prayer beads oppose the guidance of the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: Abdullaah bin ‘Amr said: ‘I saw the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- counting the Tasbeeh with his right hand.’

Narrated by Abu Dawood (1/235), Tirmidhi (4/255) who graded it hasan, Ibn Hibban (2334), Hakim (1/547), Bayhaqi (2/253) and its chain is Saheeh just as Dhahabi said. I researched it in ‘Saheeh Abu Dawood’ (1346).

[The Command of the Messenger]

Then prayer beads oppose the command of the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, when he said to some women:

‘You should make Tasbeeh[3], Tahleel[4], Taqdees[5] and do not be negligent and forget Tawheed (and in a narration: mercy), and count them on your fingertips since they will be questioned and will respond.’

This hadeeth is Hasan, narrated by Abu Dawood and other than him, Hakim and Dhahabi authenticated it and an-Nawawi and al-Asqalani graded it as Hasan as is mentioned in ‘Amali al-Adhkaar’ (1/84) and it has supporting evidence on the authority of ‘Aeysha which is Mawqoof (the Isnad only goes back to the Companion), see ‘Saheeh Abu Dawood’ (1345).

This is why a group of scholars have made the hadeeth ‘What a blessed reminder are prayer beads…..’ Da’eef; as is mentioned by Shaykh Muhammad Khaleel al-Qawooqjee in ‘Shawaariq al-Anwaar al-Jaleela’ (1/113).

[Here the Shaykh mentions technical information related to the Isnadof the hadeeth]

[He continues:]

It may be said: Some of the Ahadeeth mention performing Tasbeehwith pebbles and the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- approved of it, therefore there is no difference between this and Tasbeeh using prayer beads, as Shawkani said.

I say (Albaani): Perhaps this would be acceptable if the Ahadeeth regarding this were authentic, however this is not the case. Most of what is narrated regarding this are two Ahadeeth which Suyooti brings in his booklet as we indicated, so it is necessary to mention them and explain their mistakes:

Firstly on the authority of Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas that he and the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- entered upon a woman while she was counting Tasbeeh on date stones or pebbles in front of her and the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said: ‘Shall I inform youof that which is easier upon you than this or better?’

He said: ‘SubhanAllaah equivalent to the number of what Allaah created in the heavens….’ the hadeeth.

Narrated by Abu Dawood (1/235), Tirmidhi (4/277-278), Ibn Hibban 92330 – in his book ‘Zawaid’, Doorqi in ‘Musnad Sa’ad’ (130/1), Mukhalas in ‘al-Fawaid’ (9/17/2), and Hakim (1/547-548)[6] by way of ‘Amroo bin al-Harith that Sa’eed bin Abi Halaal narrated to him on the authority of Khuzaimah on the authority of ‘Aeysha bint Sa’ad bin Abi Waqqas on the authority of her father.

Tirmidhi said: ‘Hadeeth Hasan.’

Hakim said: ‘Saheeh al-Isnad.’

Dhahabi agreed with him, however he was mistaken because this Khuzaimah is Majhool (unknown) even Dhahabi himself said in ‘al-Meezan’: ‘Khuzaimah is unknown and so is Sa’eed bin Abi Halaal.’

Hafidh said likewise in ‘Taqreeb’: ‘Indeed he is unknown.’

Even with Sa’eed bin Abi Halaal being Thiqaah, as-Saajee mentioned on the authority of Ahmad that he became confused and Yahya also described him as confused as in ‘al-Fasal’ by Ibn Hazm (2/95).Perhaps what supports this argument is his narrating this hadeeth, because some of the trustworthy narrators who narrated from Sa’eed do not mention Khuzaimah in their chain, so the chain becomesbroken. This is why Hafidh al-Mizee did not mention ‘Aeysha bint Sa’ad amongst the shuyookh (those who were narrated from) of Ibn Abi Halaal, so this Isnad is not without the defects of Jahaala (a narrator being unknown) or Inqitaa’ (a break in the chain), so how can this hadeeth be Saheeh or Hasan?!

Some of those who authored works claiming Prayer Beads are from the Sunnah were ignorant of this information or they pretended to be ignorant of it such as those of the present day who follow their desires and blindly follow their Shaykh Abdullaah al-Ghamaari who likewise pretended to be ignorant of this truth. He mentioned this hadeeth in his ‘Kanz’ (103) so that he could make the Prayer Beads permissible for his Mureeds (loyal followers) consequently making it permissible for them to wear them around their necks just as some of the Mushayikh (shaykhs) of the Soofi orders wear them.

See the refutation against him in the introduction to volume three of this ‘Silsilah’ (p.37) and you will see the strangest of the strange.

The second hadeeth is on the authority of Safeeyah who said:

‘The Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- entered upon me while I had 4,000 date stones in front of me and I would countTasbeeh upon them.

He said: ‘O daughter of Huyaiya what is this?!’

She answered: ‘I am counting Tasbeeh upon them.’

He said: ‘I have said more Tasbeeh than this while I have been standing here near you.’

She requested: ‘Teach me O Messenger of Allaah!’

He said: ‘Say SubhanAllaah equivalent to the number of what Allaah created of things….’

Narrated by Tirmidhi (4/274), Abu Bakr ash-Shafi’ee in ‘al-Fawaaid’ (73/255/1), Haakim (1/547) by way of Hashim bin Sa’eed on the authority of Kanana Maula (the freed slave of) Safeeyah, from her.

Tirmidhi regarded it as weak by saying: ‘This hadeeth is Ghareeb(strange), we do not know it except from this route of the hadeeth of Hashim bin Sa’eed al-Koofee and his Isnaad is not well-known.Also, there is a hadeeth on this issue on the authority of Ibn ‘Abbas.’

As for Hakim then he said: ‘Saheeh al-Isnaad’ and Dhahabi[7] agreed with him and this is strange coming from him, since he mentioned this Hashim bin Sa’eed in ‘al-Meezan’ and said: ‘Ibn Ma’een said: He is nothing. Ibn ‘Adee said: Whatever he narrated cannot have supporting narrations.’

This is why Hafidh said in ‘Taqreeb’: ‘He is weak’.

This Kanana’s condition is unknown; no-one other than Ibn Hibban regarded him as trustworthy.

Then I amended this and said: However a group of narrators have narrated from Kanana and from them were Zuhayr and Hudayj, the two sons of Muwayyeeyah, Mohammad bin Talha bin Musrif and Sa’adaan bin Basheer al-Juhani; all these four are trustworthy and also included along with them is Yazeed bin Mughliss al-Bahilly, whom a group regarded as trustworthy while others regarded him as weak. So the one from whom the likes of these narrate is included in the group of those who are regarded as ‘Sadooq’; just as I recently researched in a uniquely detailed piece of study ‘Tamaam al-Mina’ (p.204-206), so do not be deceived by some of the ignorant ones, like Saqqaf and other than him; therefore the defect in this hadeeth is only Hishaam.

What indicates that these two hadeeth are weak is that this story is mentioned on the authority of Ibn Abbas without mentioning pebbles and its wording is as follows:

Ibn Abbas said: On the authority of Juwayreeyah that the Prophet –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- left her early when he went to pray the morning prayer, while she was in her place of prayer, then he returned after he had prayed Duha prayer and she was still sitting.

So he said to her: Are you still in the same state that I left you in?

She answered: Yes.

The Prophet –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- said:

‘I have already said four statements after you, three times, and if they were weighed against what you have said today then they would outweigh what you have said. They are: SubhanAllaahi wa bihamdihee, ‘adad Khalqihi, wa ridha nafsihi, wazeenat ‘arshihee, wa Midaad kalimaatihi.

(Allaah is free from imperfection and praise is for him; to the amount of his creation, the pleasure of His own Self, the beautification of His ‘Arsh and the extent of His words.)

Narrated by Muslim (8/83-84) and Tirmidhi (4/274) and he authenticated it. Also narrated by Nisa’ee in ‘Amal al-Yawm wa Layla’ (161-165), Ibn Majah (91/23), Ahmad (6/325 & 429-430).

So this authentic hadeeth indicates two matters:

The first is that the person in the story is Juwayreeyah and not Safeeyah as was mentioned previously in the second hadeeth!

The second matter is that the mention of pebbles in the story is rejected. What supports this is that Abdullaah ibn Mas’ood –RadhiAllaahu anhu- rebuked those whom he saw counting Tasbeeh upon pebbles.

This has been mentioned on the authority of Ibn Mas’ood via many chains, one of which has already preceded. If the use of pebbles forcounting Tasbeeh was that which the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-had relayed then it would not have been hidden from Ibn Mas’ood,inshAllaah.

Indeed this rebuke was adopted by some of those who graduated from the school of Ibn Mas’ood, including none other than Ibraheem bin Yazeed Nakhai, the scholar from Koofa, who used to prohibit his daughter from helping women braid thread together for prayer beads which they would use for Tasbeeh[8]!

Narrated by Ibn Abi Shaybah in ‘al-Musannaf’ (2/89/2) with a good chain.

[The Amount of Dhikr]

If the Dhikr were a lot, a person might perhaps say: It is not possible to enumerate exactly the amount counted upon fingers as is the waymentioned in the Sunnah.

The reply is: indeed this matter of contempt came from anotherBida’, which is the act of performing the Dhikr (remembrance) of Allaah much more than the limited amount – which Allaah the Most-Wise did not legislate. So this Bida’ necessitated another Bida’which is the prayer beads since, as far as I know, the most that has been mentioned in the authentic Sunnah is indeed one hundred andit is possible for the one used to doing so to count this easily on one’s fingers.

As for the hadeeth:

‘Whoever says one hundred times a day: ‘Laa ilaaha illAllaahwahdahu la shareeka lahu…..’ the hadeeth.

So the intent is: one hundred in the morning and one hundred in the evening; as is clearly mentioned in some of the authentic narrations and they have been explained in ‘Saheehah’ (2762).

As for what Ibn Abi Shaybah (2/391) narrated on the authority of Weeqa on the authority of Sa’eed bin Jubayr who said: Umar bin al-Khattab saw a man counting Tasbeeh with prayer beads he had, Umar said: What would be better than this would be for him to say: ‘SubhanAllaah …..’

This is rejected due to the following reasons: the disconnection between him and Sa’eed as well as Weeqa being weak and he is Ibn Eyaas who is layin in hadeeth (he is not discarded, he is upright in himself but his hadeeth are not precise).

If there was only one resultant evil from the prayer beads which is that they have, or have nearly, annihilated the Sunnah of counting on fingers – which they agree is better – then this would have been sufficient evil since it is indeed rare that I see an old person count the Tasbeeh on his fingertips!

Indeed the people have also diversified innovating with this Bida’, so you see some of those who ascribe themselves to one of the Soofiorders wearing prayer beads around their necks![9]

Some of the people use prayer beads while they are talking to you or while they are listening to you talk! The last thing my eyes fell upon a few days ago was a man going along some streets, busy with people, on an ordinary bicycle and in one of his hands were prayer beads!!

They make a pretence to the people of not neglecting the remembrance of Allaah, even for the blink of an eye! Many of theseBida’ become the cause of the loss of an obligation. It has happened to me – and to others – many a time that I have given my Salaams to one of them and they have replied with just a signal, without saying as-Salaam! The evils of these Bida’ are innumerable. How excellent was the saying of the poet:

Every good is in the following of the Salaf * and every evil is in the innovations of the Khalaf[10]

A Summary of what the Shaykh mentioned:

A- that prayer beads are a Bida’ which were not present at the time of the Prophet –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- and were innovated after the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-[11], so how could it make sensethat the Messenger – alayhi asallam- would encourage his Companionsin a matter they did not know?!

B- That prayer beads oppose the guidance of the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: Abdullaah bin ‘Amr said: ‘I saw the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- counting the Tasbeeh with his right hand.’

C- Then prayer beads oppose the command of the Messenger –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-, when he said to some women: ‘You should makeTasbeeh, Tahleel, Taqdees and do not be negligent and forget Tawheed (and in a narration: mercy), and count them on your fingertips since they will be questioned and will respond.’

D- Ibraheem bin Yazeed Nakhai, the scholar from Koofa, used to prohibit his daughter from helping women braid thread together for prayer beads which they would use for Tasbeeh!

E- As far as I know, the most that has been mentioned in the authentic Sunnah is indeed one hundred and it is possible for the one used to doing so to count this easily on one’s fingers.

F- If there was only one resultant evil from the prayer beads which is that they have, or have nearly, annihilated the Sunnah of counting on fingers – which they agree is better – then this would have been sufficient evil since it is indeed rare that I see an old person count theTasbeeh on his fingertips!

G- How excellent was the saying of the poet: Every good is in the following of the Salaf * and every evil is in the innovations of the Khalaf[12]

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Footnotes

[1] Headings were added for clarity (T.N.)

[2] What supports that is the statement of the scholars of language: ‘Indeed the words:

‘as-Subha’ (Prayer beads) is a newly created word, it was unknown to the Arabs.’

[3] To say ‘SubhanAllaah’ (T.N.)

[4] To say ‘La illaha ill Allaah’ (T.N.)

[5] ‘To say ‘SubhanAllaah al-Malikul Quddoos; or Subooh Quddoos Rabb al-malaikatu war-Ruhu; and it is possible that Taqdees means to say Allaahu Akbar’. (Mishkat al-Masabih (2/9) –Checked by shaykh Albani) (T.N.)

[6] Suyooti attributed it in ‘al-Manha’ to Nisa’ee and Ibn Majah and Shawkani followed him in that, however there is some speculation about this due to two points:

a- That Ibn Majah did not relate this narration at all.

b- That Nisa’ee narrated it in ‘al-Yawm wa Layla’ as is mentioned in ‘at-Thufah’ (3/325), so it was necessary to qualify it and I did not see this in the printed version.

[7] Suyooti followed him in this in ‘al-Manha’ & Shawkani was deceived by it.

[8] In this and what has preceded is a clear refutation of Shaykh al-Habashee in his claim that no-one has preceded me in rejecting prayer beads.

[9] Shaykh Abdullaah al-Ghamari, the shaykh of the Darqaweeyah order and other orders, encourage them saying: ‘There is nothing wrong with wearing prayer beads around the neck as it is the same as a writer placing his pen on his ear!’ How amazing it is when a Faqih makes a good analogy because this is the most baseless analogy on the face of this earth as it is built upon fabricated ahadeeth.

[10] The transliteration of which is: ‘Kullu khairin fee ittiba’ man Salaf * wa Kullu Sharrin fee Ibtida’ man Khallaf’(T.N.)

[11] What supports that is the statement of the scholars of language: ‘Indeed the words:

‘as-Subha’ (Prayer beads) is a newly created word, it was unknown to the Arabs.’

[12] The transliteration of which is: ‘Kullu khairin fee ittiba’ man Salaf * wa Kullu Sharrin fee Ibtida’ man Khallaf’(T.N.)

Gaining Rewards for easy actions : Saheeh al-Kalima at-Tayyib

The Hadeeth of the Prophet which were chosen For their great rewards for easy actions

Hadeeth taken from ‘Saheeh al-Kalima at-Tayyib’

By Shaykhul Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah
And Checked by Shaykh Muhammad Nasir-rudeen al-Albani

Compiled by Hajaj bin Abdullaah al-Areeni
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Introduction

All praise belongs to Allaah, Lord of all the worlds. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, upon his family, his Companions and all those who follow his guidance until the Day of Judgment.

Then to proceed, indeed Allaah Ta’ala sent Muhammad sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam with the most eloquent of speech, Allaah Ta’ala says:

<<And he does not speak from his own desire, indeed it is revelation sent down to him>>

And He said:

<<What ever the Messenger gave you then take it, and what ever he prohibits you from then keep away from it>>

And He said :

<<Whoever obeys the Messenger then he has obeyed Allaah>>

Allaah has blessed this Ummah with the guidance of the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and from the greatest of these blessings of guidance, is the ease of worship, coupled with the great reward for fulfilling that worship.

The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam mentioned, in many hadith, actions and sayings, which, if performed grant us great and well-known results. This is to encourage good actions and sayings.

This collection of hadeeth, contain some of the valuable pearls of sayings, from the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. They yieldimmense rewards, in return of easy & effortless actions, for those whom Allaah has made them easy.

I have chosen these hadeeth from the book Saheeh al-kalima at-Tayyibby the Shaykh Muhammad Nasir-rudeen al-Albaani -Rahimullaah. This book consists of authentic hadeeth from the book of Shaykh ul-Islaam Ibn Taymeeyah -Rahimullaah- called al-kalima at-Tayib. All of thehadeeth mentioned in this pamphlet have been graded authentic from the research of Shaykh al-Albaani -Rahimullaah.

This pamphlet has only been only limited to the texts of the hadeeth, since not more than the text is required. I have named this collection Hawiz ala jawaiz (Gaining Rewards). Because these chosen hadeeth, which yield great rewards or great known results which the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam informed us of.

It would be of great benefit, if someone by Allaah’s permission could carry out research similar to this. Delving into the books of hadeeth to bring forth knowledge guidance & good works to the people.

The Hadeeth

1- The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said :

Whoever says: –

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَه،ُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْد،ُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, to Him belongs the Dominion and for Him is all praise, and He is capable of all things.’ –

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer

One hundred times in one day, then it is equivalent to him freeing ten slaves, a hundred good deeds are written for him, a hundred bad deeds are erased, it is a protection for him against shaytaan during that day until the evening, and no one comes with a better deed than him except for the man who does more actions than him.

2 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever says: –

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

‘Far is Allaah from imperfection and all praise is for Him’

Subhana allaahi wa bihamdihi

One hundred times in one day, then his mistakes / sins are cancelled out, even if they are like the foam on the ocean.

3 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

There are two words which are gentle on the tongue, heavy on the scales, and beloved to ar-Rahmaan: –

: سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ ، سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ الْعَظِيمِ.

‘Far is Allaah from imperfection and praise is for Him, Far is Allaah The Sublime from imperfection

Subhana allaahi wa bihamdihi, Subhana allaahil atheem

4 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Indeed that I say:

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ ، وَالْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ، وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ

‘Far is Allaah from imperfection, and all praise be to Allaah, and there is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest,’

Subhana allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar

– is more beloved to me than what the sun rose upon.

5 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Is one of you so weak that he cannot acquire a thousand good deeds everyday? So a questioner from amongst those sitting there asked him: How can anyone of us gain a thousand rewards?

He said: say:

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ

– Far is Allaah from imperfection –

Subhana allaahi

A hundred times, so a thousand good deeds are written for him or a thousand sins are cancelled for him.

6 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said :

Shall I not inform you of a statement, which is a treasure from the treasures of Paradise? I said: Yes O Messenger of Allaah, may my father and mother be sacrificed for you! He said: say:

لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ

There is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah.

La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa

7 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoso ever, reaches the morning & reaches the evening and he says:

سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ وَبِحَمْدِهِ

-‘Allaah is far from imperfection and all praise is for Him’ –

Subhana allaahi wa bihamdihi

One hundred times, then no one brings anything better than him on the day of judgment, than what he has brought. Except the one who says what he has said, or has said more than him.

8 – On the authority of Mua’ad bin Abdillaah ibn Khubayb on the authority of his father who said we went out on a very dark and rainy night searching for the Messenger of Allaah so that he could pray for us, then I found him and he sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said : Recite.So I did not say anything, then he said: Recite. So I did not say anything, and he said: Recite, so I said: what should I recite? He said: recite:

“قُلْ هُوَ اللَّهُ أَحَدٌ”

Say that Allaah is the One.’ And the last two Soorahs (al-muawaathatayan) in the evening and the morning, three times for it will suffice you for everything.

9 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said :

Indeed the major supplication for forgiveness is to say

اللَّهُمَّ أَنْتَ رَبِّي لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ خَلَقْتَنِي وَأَنَا عَبْدُكَ وَأَنَا عَلَى عَهْدِكَ وَوَعْدِكَ مَا اسْتَطَعْتُ أَعُوذُ بِكَ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا صَنَعْتُ أَبُوءُ لَكَ بِذَنْبِي وَأَبُوءُ لَكَ بِنِعْمَتِكَ عَلَيَّ فَاغْفِرْ لِي فَإِنَّهُ لَا يَغْفِرُ الذُّنُوبَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ

O Allaah You are my Lord, there is none worthy of worship in truth except You, You created me and I am Your slave and I abide to Your covenant and promise as best as I can, I seek refuge in You from the evil that I have committed, I profess to you my sins and I acknowledge Your favour upon me, so forgive me verily no one forgives sins except you.

Allaahumma anta rabbee, la ilaha illa anta, Khalaqtanee, wa ana abduka, wa ana ala ahdika wa wa’dika mastata’tu, a’outhu bika min sharri ma sanatu, aboo’u laka bini’matika alayya, wa aboo’u bee thambee, faghfirlee fa’innahu la yaghfiru ath-thunooba ‘illa ‘anta

So if the worshipper says this when the morning arrives, truly believing in it and he dies, enters Paradise, and if he says this when the evening arrives truly believing in it enters Paradise.

10 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

There is not one from amongst the worshippers, that if he says, in the morning of everyday and the evening of every night:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ الَّذِي لَا يَضُرُّ مَعَ اسْمِهِ شَيْءٌ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَلَا فِي السَّمَاءِ وَهُوَ السَّمِيعُ الْعَلِيمُ

In the name of Allaah with whose name nothing is harmed what so ever, on this earth nor in the heavens whatsoever, and He is the All Hearing and All Knowing

Bismil-lahil-lathee la yadhurru ma’a ‘issmihi shay’un fil ‘ardhi wa la fissama’i wa huwa ‘as-samee’ul –‘aleem

Three times nothing harms him what so ever.

11 – On the authority of Abu Huraira –RadhiAllaahu anhu-, the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam had placed Abu Huraira to look after the charity, some one came to him to take from the charity – and this person came night after night, so on the third night Abu Huraira said to him: I will take you to the Messenger of Allaah. So he said Why don’t you leave me and I will teach you some words that Allaah will benefit you by – and Abu Huraira was of those who were very attentive regarding good deeds – so the person said to him: When you go to bed, read Ayaat ul-Kursi:

(الله لا إلهَ إلا هُوَ الحيُ القَيُومَ )

<<Allaah, none has the right to be worshipped except Him The Ever living, The One Who sustains and protects all that exists>>

[verse 255 from Soorah Baqarah]

Until the end of the Ayaah, then this will continue to be a protection for you from Allaah, and Shaytan will not be able to come near you until the morning arrives. The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: He spoke the truth even though he is a liar, [that was Shaytan].

12 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever recites the last two Ayaat from Soorah al-Baqarah at night, then those two verses will be sufficient for him.

13 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Shall I not show you what will be better for you than a servant? When you lie down on your bed, say SubhanAllaah 33 times, say al-hamdulillaah 33 times and say Allaahu akbar 34 times.

14 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever wakes up at night, and says: –

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَه،ُ لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْد،ُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ،الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ ،وَ سُبْحَانَ اللَّهِ ، وَلَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ ، وَاللَّهُ أَكْبَرُ ،وَ لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ العليِ الْعَظِيمِ.

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, He has the Dominion and for Him is all praise, and He is capable of all things, praise is for Him, and Far is Allaah from imperfection, and There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah, and Allaah is the Greatest, there is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah the Most High the ‘Atheem.’ (Supreme)

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer Subhana allaahi, wal hamdu lillaahi, wa la illaah ila Allaah, wa Allaahu akbar

La hawla wa la quwwata illa billaa

Then he says : اللهمَ اغْفِرْلي O Allaah forgive me (Allaahumma aghfirlee), or he supplicates and his supplication is answered, and if he makesWudu and prays then his prayer is accepted.

15- The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever goes to bed with purification….there is not an hour of the night that he asks Allaah for something of good from this world and the hereafter, except that Allaah grants him that which he asked for.

16 – Abu Salma said that he heard Abu Qatada say that he heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say:

A good dream is from Allaah –Tabaraka wa Ta’ala– and a bad dream is from Shaytaan, so if anyone sees something in his dream which he dislikes, then he should spit on his left side 3 times when he awakens, and he should seek refuge with Allaah from its evil, then it will not harm him if Allaah so wills.

17 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

A good dream is from Allaah, so if any one of you sees something in his dream that he likes, then he should not relate it to anyone except the one whom he loves, and if he sees that which he dislikes, then he should not relate it to anyone, rather he should spit on his left side 3 times, and he should seek refuge with Allaah from the evil of the accursed shaytaan, and the evil of what he saw, then it will not harm him.

18- The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Our Lord –Tabarak wa Ta’ala- descends every night to the lowest heavens, when there remains the last third part of the night, and He says who is there that supplicates to me so that I may answer his supplication, who is there that asks of me so that I may grant him what he asks for, who is there that seeks my forgiveness so that I may forgive him.

19 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Indeed, there is an hour from the night, which if a Muslim asks Allaah in that time from the good of the affairs of this world and the hereafter, then Allaah gives him of it, and that is in every night.

20 – On the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever says, as he leaves from his house:

بِسْمِ اللَّهِ ، تَوَكَّلْتُ عَلَى اللَّهِ ،ولَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللَّهِ تعالى

In the name of Allaah, I have placed my trust in Allaah, and there is no capability nor is there any power except with Allaah Ta’ala

Bismillaahi tawwakaltu alalaahi wa la hawla wa la quwwata illa billahi taa’la

then it is said to him: indeed you have been saved, and you have been protected, and you have been guided, and shaytaan has been kept away from him, so another shaytaan says: how can you affect a man who has indeed been guided and saved and been protected.

21 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

If a man enters his home, and he remembers Allaah when he enters and when he eats his food, the shaytaan says: there is no place for you to spend the night nor is there any dinner. And if he does not remember Allaah when he enters his house then the shaytaan says: you have found a place to spend the night and if he does not remember Allaah while he is eating his food then he says you have found food to eat.

22 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

O my son if you enter your home then say Salaam it will be a blessing for you and your family.

23 – When the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam would enter the Masjid he would say:

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ الْعَظِيمِ وَبِوَجْهِهِ الْكَرِيمِ وَسُلْطَانِهِ الْقَدِيمِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

– I seek refuge with Allaah The Supreme and with His Noble Face, and His eternal authority from the accursed shaytaan –

A’outhu bil-lahil ‘atheem, wa bi-wajhihil-kareem, wa bi-sultanihil-qadeem min ‘ash-shayanir-rajeemi

Then he said: if he says this supplication then the shaytaan says: this person has been protected from me for the rest of the day.

24 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

If the people knew what was there (in benefit for them) in the call to prayer and praying in the front row, and they could not get to it except by drawing lots, then they would draw lots.

25- The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

There is none from the Jinn, mankind and anything else that hears the reach of the Muaddthin’s (the caller to prayer) voice except that they will testify for him on the day of Resurrection.

26 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

If you hear the Muaddthin, then repeat what he says, then send prayers upon me, since indeed the one who sends prayers upon me once, Allaah sends ten prayers upon him. Then ask Allaah for me to be an intercessor since it is a high station in Paradise, which is not befitting except for a servant from the servants of Allaah and I hope that I am the one, so whoever asks intercession for me then intercession will take place for him.

27 -The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever says, when he hears the call to prayer:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ وَالصَّلَاةِ الْقَائِمَةِ آتِ مُحَمَّدًا الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَامًا مَحْمُودًا الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ

– O Allaah Lord of this perfect call to prayer and Owner of this prayer to be performed, bestow upon Muhammad a station in Paradise and a rank above the rest of creation and give him the honorable station which you have promised him –

Allaahumma rabba hathihi ‘addawatittamati, was-salatil qa’imati, ‘ati Muhammadan ál-waseelata wal faaheelata, wab’ath-hu maqqaman mahmoodan ‘allathee wa’adtahu

then my intercession occurs for him on the day of Judgment.

28- A man said O Messenger of Allaah indeed the callers to the prayer are more favored than we are. So the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: repeat what they say, and when you finish ask, and you will be given.

29 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

A supplication that is made between the Adhaan and the Iqama is not rejected.

31 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Two things which are not rejected, or rarely rejected: A supplication made at the time of the call to prayer, and at the time when the battle becomes severe.

31 -The Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Shall I not teach you something, which the people who proceeded you attained, and those who come after you will proceed you with, and there will be no-one better than you except the one who does what you do? They said of course O Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam. So he said: say: – far is Allaah from imperfection, Allaah is the Greatest and Praise is to Allaah – SubanAllaah and Allaahu akbar and Alhamdulillaah at the end of every prayer 33 times each.

32 -The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever says SubhanAllaah at the end of every prayer 33 times, says al-hamdulillaah 33 times, and says Allaahu akbar 33 times, then this adds up to 99, and if he says –

ِ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, He has the Dominion and for Him is all praise, and He is capable of all things’

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer

To complete a hundred, then his mistakes/sins are forgiven even if they were equivalent to the foam on the sea.

34 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

There are two characteristics or two qualities that if a Muslim slave of Allaah is continuous upon, will enter Paradise, they are simple but those who do them are few. To say SubhanAllaah at the end of every prayer ten times, says alhamdulillah ten times and says Allaahu akbar ten times, which is equivalent to 150 times on the tongue and 1500 on the scales. And he says Allaahu Akbar 34 times when he goes to bed and he says alhamdulillah 33 times and says SubhanAllaah 33 times, and that is equivalent to 100 on the tongue and 1000 on the scales.

34 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to teach us al-Istikharah (a prayer said for aid in making a decision) for all matters, just like he used to teach us a chapter from the Qur’aan, he would say: If any of you intends to undertake a matter then he should pray two Rakah other than an obligatory prayer then he should say

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي أَسْتَخِيرُكَ بِعِلْمِكَ وَأَسْتَقْدِرُكَ بِقُدْرَتِكَ وَأَسْأَلُكَ مِنْ فَضْلِكَ الْعَظِيمِ ، فَإِنَّكَ تَقْدِرُ وَلَا أَقْدِرُ ، وَتَعْلَمُ وَلَا أَعْلَمُ وَأَنْتَ عَلَّامُ الْغُيُوبِ ، اللَّهُمَّ إِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ خَيْرٌ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَاقْدُرْهُ لِي وَيَسِّرْهُ لِي ثُمَّ بَارِكْ لِي فِيهِ وَإِنْ كُنْتَ تَعْلَمُ أَنَّ هَذَا الْأَمْرَ شَرٌّ لِي فِي دِينِي وَمَعَاشِي وَعَاقِبَةِ أَمْرِي أَوْ قَالَ فِي عَاجِلِ أَمْرِي وَآجِلِهِ فَاصْرِفْهُ عَنِّي وَاصْرِفْنِي عَنْهُ وَاقْدُرْ لِيَ الْخَيْرَ حَيْثُ كَانَ ثُمَّ أَرْضِنِي بِهِ

O Allaah I request of You with Your knowledge, and by Your Power I seek capability, and I ask of you of your great favour, since indeed You are the One who is able while I am not, and You know and I do not, and You are the One who knows the unseen. O Allaah if You know that this matter – here he mentions his need – is good for me in this world and for my living and for the matters of my hereafter – or he said, for my affairs now and the future – then decree it for me and make it easy for me and bless it for me. And if You know that this matter is evil for me in this world and for my life and for the matters of my hereafter – or he said, for my affairs now and the affairs of my future – then turn it away from me and turn me away from it, and decree goodness for me where ever it may be and make me pleased with it.

35 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

The supplication of Yunas, when he supplicated while he was in the belly of the whale:

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ سُبْحَانَكَ إِنِّي كُنْتُ مِنَ الظَّالِمِينَ

– There is none worthy of worship in truth except You, far are You from imperfection, indeed I am from amongst the Thalimoon(oppressors) –

La ilaha ‘illa ‘anta, subhanaka ‘innee kuntu minath-thalimeena

No Muslim ever supplicates with this for anything except that Allaah responds to him.

36 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Allaah does not afflict a slave with grief nor sadness, except that if the slave says: –

اللَّهُمَّ إِنِّي عَبْدُكَ وَابْنُ عَبْدِكَ وَابْنُ أَمَتِكَ نَاصِيَتِي بِيَدِكَ مَاضٍ فِيَّ حُكْمُكَ ، عَدْلٌ فِيَّ قَضَاؤُكَ ، أَسْأَلُكَ بِكُلِّ اسْمٍ هُوَ لَكَ سَمَّيْتَ بِهِ نَفْسَكَ أَوْ عَلَّمْتَهُ أَحَدًا مِنْ خَلْقِكَ أَوْ أَنْزَلْتَهُ فِي كِتَابِكَ أَوِ اسْتَأْثَرْتَ بِهِ فِي عِلْمِ الْغَيْبِ عِنْدَكَ أَنْ تَجْعَلَ الْقُرْآنَ رَبِيعَ قَلْبِي وَنُورَ صَدْرِي وَجِلَاءَ حُزْنِي وَذَهَابَ هَمِّي

O Allaah indeed I am Your slave, and the son of Your slave, and the son of Your female slave, my forelock is in Your Hand, Your command over me is forever executed and Your decree over me is just. I ask of You with all Your names, which belong to You, which You have named Yourself with, or which You have taught someone from Your creation or revealed it in Your Book or that which You have taken unto Your self with the knowledge of the unseen with You, that You make the Qur’aan the life of my heart and light of my breast and keep away from me my sadness, and that my grief goes away –

Allaahumma ‘innee ‘abduka, wabnu ‘abdika, wabnu amatika, nasiyatee biyadika, madhin fiyya hukmuka, adlun fiyya qadha’uka, asaluka bikulli ismin huwa laka, sammayta bihi nafsaka, aw anzaltahu fee kitabika, ‘aw allamthu ahadan min khaliqika, aw ista’tharta bihi fee ilmil ghaybi ‘indaka, án taj’alal-qurana rabee’a qalbee, wa noora sadree, wa jala’a huznee, wa thahaba hammee

Then Allaah takes away his grief and sadness and replaces it with happiness.

37 – Uthman ibn al-Aas came to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: O Messenger of Allaah indeed the shaytaan comes between me and my prayer, and my recitation becomes confusing? The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: This is a shaytaan called khunsabun, so if you sense his presence then seek refuge in Allaah from him and spit on your left hand side three times. Uthman said: I did that and Allaah kept him away from me.

39 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

There is no one from among Allaah’s servants, who is afflicted with an affliction except that he says: –

( إِنَّا لِلَّهِ وَإِنَّا إِلَيْهِ رَاجِعُونَ ) اللَّهُمَّ أْجُرْنِي فِي مُصِيبَتِي وَأَخْلِفْ لِي خَيْرًا مِنْهَا

Indeed, we belong to Allaah and indeed to Him is our return – O Allaah recompense me for my affliction and replace it with something better than that

Inna lil-lahi wa inna ‘ilayhi raji’oona, ‘allahumma’jurnee fee museebatee, wa ákhliflee khayran minha

Except that Allaah compensates him in what he has been afflicted with, and gives him that which is better than the previous thing.

40 – ‘Alee –RadhiAllaahu anhu:

Shall I not teach you words that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam taught me that even if you have an equivalent of a mountain of debt upon you that Allaah will pay it off on you behalf? Say: –

َ اللَّهُمَّ اكْفِنِي بِحَلَالِكَ عَنْ حَرَامِكَ وَأَغْنِنِي بِفَضْلِكَ عَمَّنْ سِوَاكَ

O Allaah make what You have made lawful sufficient for me, as opposed to what You have made unlawful, and spare me by Your grace, from the need of others.

Allahumma ikfeenee bihalalieeka ‘an harameeka wa ‘aghninee bifadhlieeka ‘amman siwaka

41 – Uthmaan bin Abee al-Aaas complained to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam about a pain he had in his body since he had become Muslim, so the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid to him: place your hand on the part of your body that pains you and then say: –

بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ

In the name of Allaah, – three times,

and say seven times : –

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ وَقُدْرَتِهِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا أَجِدُ وَأُحَاذِرُ

I seek refuge with Allaah and with His Capability from the evil that I feel and wary of

‘Aouthu bi’izzatil-lahi waqudratihi min sharri ma ‘ajidu wa’uhathiru

42 -The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever visits a sick person who has not reached his appointed time, then says for him seven times: –

أَسْأَلُ اللَّهَ الْعَظِيمَ رَبَّ الْعَرْشِ الْعَظِيمِ أَنْ يَشْفِيَكَ

I ask Allaah The ‘Atheem (The Supreme), Lord of the magnificent ‘Arsh to cure you –

Except that Allaah cures him.

As’alul-laha ‘al-atheema, rabbal ‘arshil átheemi an yashfika

43 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Who ever stops at a place on his journey and then says: –

أَعُوذُ بِكَلِمَاتِ اللَّهِ التَّامَّاتِ مِنْ شَرِّ مَا خَلَقَ

I seek refuge in the perfect words of Allaah from the evil of what He has created –

A’outhu bikalimatil-lahi ‘at-tammati min sharri ma khalaqa

nothing will harm him until he leaves from that place.

44 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever eats some food and then says: –

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي أَطْعَمَنِي هَذَا وَرَزَقَنِيهِ مِنْ غَيْرِ حَوْلٍ مِنِّي وَلَا قُوَّةٍ

All praise be to Allaah Who fed me this food and provided it for me without any ability from my self nor any strength from my self –

Al-hamdu lil-lahi ‘al-lathee at-‘amanee hatha, wa razaqaneehi min ghayri hawlin minnee wa la quwwatin

except that his previous sins are forgiven.

46 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

You will not enter Paradise until you believe, and you will not believe until you love one another, shall I not show you something that by doing it, will cause you to love one another, spread salaams between yourselves.

47 – Imran bin Hussain said: that a man came to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: Peace be to you.

The Messenger of Allaah said: ten.

Then another man came and said: Peace be to you and the mercy of Allaah, the Messenger of Allaah said: twenty.

Then another man came and said : Peace be to you and the mercy of Allaah and His blessings, the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: thirty.

47 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

If one of you wants to have relations with his wife and says: –

بِاسْمِ اللَّهِ اللَّهُمَّ جَنِّبْنَا الشَّيْطَانَ وَجَنِّبِ الشَّيْطَانَ مَا رَزَقْتَنَا

In the name of Allaah, O Allaah keep shaytaan away from us and keep shaytaan away from that which You provide for us –

Bismillahi allaahumma jannibna ash-shaytana, wajannib ásh-shaytana ma razaqtana

so if a child is born from them then shaytaan will never be able to harm him.

48 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever sits in a gathering and speaks a lot, then he says before he gets up from his sitting place –

سُبْحَانَكَ اللَّهُمَّ وَبِحَمْدِكَ أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا أَنْتَ أَسْتَغْفِرُكَ وَأَتُوبُ إِلَيْكَ

You are far from imperfection O Allaah, and praise is to You, I testify that there is none worthy of worship in truth except You, I seek Your forgiveness, and I repent to You –

Subhanaka allahumma wa bihamdika, ash-hadu alla ilaha illa anta, astaghfiruka wa atoobu ilayka

except that Allaah covers up for him what he said in that gathering.

49 – Sulaymaan bin Suradin said : I was sitting with the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and two men were cursing, and one of them his face became red, and he became furious, the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: indeed I know a statement if he says it then his anger will go away, if he says: –

أَعُوذُ بِاللَّهِ مِنَ الشَّيْطَانِ الرَّجِيمِ

I seek refuge in Allaah from the accursed shaytaan –

then his anger will go away.

50 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever sees some one who has been tried and then says: –

الْحَمْدُ لِلَّهِ الَّذِي عَافَانِي مِمَّا ابْتَلَاكَ بِهِ وَفَضَّلَنِي عَلَى كَثِيرٍ مِمَّنْ خَلَقَ تَفْضِيلًا

Praise be to Allaah Who has saved me from what He has trialed you with and chosen me above much of the creation –

Alhamdu lil-lahi allathee afanee mimma ibtalaka bihi, wa fadh-dhalanee ala katheerin mimman khalaqa tafdheelan

then that trial will not afflict him.

51 – The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said:

Whoever enters the market place and says –

لَا إِلَهَ إِلَّا اللَّهُ وَحْدَهُ لَا شَرِيكَ لَهُ ، لَهُ الْمُلْكُ وَلَهُ الْحَمْدُ يُحْيِي وَيُمِيتُ وَهُوَ حَيٌّ لَا يَمُوتُ بِيَدِهِ الْخَيْرُ وَهُوَ عَلَى كُلِّ شَيْءٍ قَدِيرٌ

‘There is none worthy of worship in truth except Allaah Alone, He has no partners, He has the Dominion and for Him is all praise, He gives life and He takes life and He is the Ever living and does not die, in His Hand is goodness and He is capable of all things.’ –

La ilaha ‘illa Allaahu wahdahu la shareeka lahu, lahul mulku wa lahul hamdu yuhyee wa youmeet wa huwa hayun la yamoot biyadihi alkhair wa huwa ala kulli shayin qadeer

then Allaah writes a thousand thousand good deeds for him, and erases a thousand thousand bad deeds for him, and He raises him up a thousand thousand grades.

All Praise belongs to Allaah, may His peace and blessings be upon our final Prophet Muhammad, his family, his companions and all those who follow his guidance.

Remembrance of Allah in the Morning and in the Evening

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 248
Remembrance of Allah in the Morning and in the Evening

Allah, the Exalted, says:

And remember your Rubb by your tongue and within yourself, humbly and with fear and without loudness in words in the mornings, and in the afternoons and be not of those who are neglectful.” (7:205)

And declare the perfectness of your Rubb before the rising of the sun, and before its setting.” (20:130)

And declare the perfectness of your Rubb and praise Him in the `Ashi (i.e., the time period after the midnoon till sunset) and in the Ibkar (i.e., the time period from early morning or sunrise till before midnoon).” (40:55)

In houses (mosques) which Allah has ordered to be raised (to be cleaned, and to be honoured), in them His Name is mentioned in the mornings and in the afternoons or the evenings. Men whom neither trade nor sale diverts from the remembrance of Allah (with heart and tongue).” (24:36,37)

Verily, We made the mountains to declare the Perfectness of Allah with him [Dawud (David)] in the `Ashi (i.e., after the midday till sunset) and Ishraq (i.e., after the sunrise till midday).” (38:18)

1451. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who recites in the morning and in the evening the statement: `Subhan-Allahi wa bihamdihi (Allah is free from imperfection and I begin with praising Him)’ one hundred times, will not be surpassed on the Day of Resurrection by anyone with better deeds than one who utters the same words or utters more of these words.”
[Muslim].

1452. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said, “What a trouble I suffered from a scorpion which stung me last night!” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Had you said in the evening: `A`udhu bikalimatillahit-tammati min sharri ma khalaqa (I seek the protection of Allah’s Perfect Words from the evil of whatever He has created),’ it would not have harmed you.”
[Muslim].

1453. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to say in the morning: “Allahumma bika asbahna, wa bika amsaina, wa bika nahya, wa bika namutu, wa ilaikan-nushur (O Allah! With Your Power we have come to the morning, with Your Power we come to the evening, with Your Power we live, and we die, and to You will we return).” In the evening he would say: “Allahumma bika amsaina, wa bika nahya, wa bika namutu, wa ilaikan-nushur (O Allah! With Your Power, we have come to the evening, by You do we live, by You do we die, and to You is the return).”
[At-Tirmidhi and Abu Dawud].

1454. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Abu Bakr asked, “O Messenger of Allah! Teach me some words so that I may recite them in the morning and in the evening.” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Recite these words: `Allahumma fatiras-samawati wal-ardi, `alimal-ghaibi wash-shahadati, Rabba kulli shai’in wa malikahu. Ash-hadu an la ilaha illa Anta, a`udhu bika min sharri nafsi, wa sharrish-Shaitani wa shirkihi (O Allah! Creator of the heavens and the earth! Knower of the hidden and the exposed! Rubb of everything and every one. I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but You. I seek Your Protection from the evil of my own self from the evil of Satan and from the evil of Shirk to which he calls).”’ The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) added: “Recite these words in the morning and the evening and when you go to bed.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1455. `Abdullah bin Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When it was evening, the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to supplicate: “Amsaina wa amsal-mulku lillah, wal-hamdu lillah. La `ilaha illallahu wahdahu la sharika lahu (We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening. Praise is due to Allah. There is none who has the right to be worshiped but Allah, the One who has no partner with Him).” He (the narrator) said: I think that he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to follow the recitation with these words: “Lahul-mulku, wa lahul-hamdu, wa Huwa `ala kulli shi’in Qadir. Rabbi as’aluka khaira ma fi hadhihil-lailati, wa khaira ma ba`daha; wa a`udhu bika min sharri ma fi hadhihil-lailati, wa sharri ma ba`daha; Rabbi a`udhu bika minal-kasali, wa suil-kibari; Rabbi a`udhu bika min `adhabin fin-nari, wa `adhabin fil-qabri (His is the sovereignty and to Him is all praise due, and He is Omnipotent. My Rubb, I beg of you good that lies in this night and good that follows it, and I seek refuge in You from the evil that lies in this night and from the evil of that which follows it. My Rubb! I seek refuge in You from lethargy and the misery of old age. O Allah! I seek Your Protection from the torment of Hell-fire and the punishment of the grave).” When it was morning, he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) would recite the same, replacing the words: “We have entered upon evening and the whole kingdom of Allah, too, has entered upon evening” with “We have entered upon morning and the whole kingdom of Allah entered upon morning.” (Replace the words “Amsaina, amsa, hadhihil-lailati, ma ba`daha with Asbahna, asbaha, hadhal-yaumi, ma ba`dahu, respectively.)
[Muslim].

1456. `Abdullah bin Khubaib (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me, “Recite Surat Al-Ikhlas and Al-Mu`awwidhatain (Surat Al-Falaq and Surat An-Nas) three times at dawn and dusk. It will suffice you in all respects.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1457. `Uthman bin `Affan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who recites three times every morning and evening: `Bismillahil-ladhi la yadurru ma`as-mihi shai’un fil-ardi wa la fis-sama’i, wa Huwas-Sami`ul-`Alim (In the Name of Allah with Whose Name there is protection against every kind of harm in the earth or in the heaven, and He is the All-Hearing and All-Knowing),’ nothing will harm him.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

The Excellence of Gathering in which Allah is Remembered

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 247
The Excellence of Gathering in which Allah is Remembered

Allah, the Exalted, says:

And keep yourself (O Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) patiently with those who call on their Rubb (i.e., your companions who remember their Rubb with glorification, praising in prayers, and other righteous deeds) morning and afternoon, seeking His Face; and let not your eyes overlook them.” (18:28)

1447. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah, the Exalted, has teams of angels who go about on the roads seeking those who remember Allah. When they find some people remembering Allah they call to one another and say, `Come to what you are looking for;’ and they surround them with their wings till the space between them and the lowest sky is fully covered. Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, asks them (although He is best informed about every thing): `What are my slave saying?’ They say: `They are glorifying Your Tasbih, Tahmid, Takbir, Tamjid, (i.e., they were declaring Your Perfectness, praising, remembering the Greatness and Majesty of Allah).’ He asks: `Have they seen Me?’ They reply, `No, indeed, they have not seen You.’ He asks: `How would they act if they were to see Me?’ Thereupon they reply: `If they were to see You, they would engage more earnestly in worshipping and glorifying You and would extol You more.’ He would say: `What do they beg of Me?’ They say, `They beg You for Your Jannah.’ Allah says, `Have they seen My Jannah?’ They say, `No, our Rubb.’ He says: `How would they act if they were to see My Jannah?’ They reply, `Were they to see it, they would more intensely eager for it.’ They (the angels) say, `They seek Your Protection.’ He asks, `Against what do they seek My Protection?’ They (the angels) say, `Our Rubb, from the fire of Hell.’ (He, the Rubb) says, `Have they seen the fire of Hell?’ They say, `No. By Your Honour, they have not seen it.’ He says: `How would they act if they were to see My Fire?’ They say: `If they were to see it, they would more earnest in being away from it and fearing it. They beg of Your forgiveness.’ He says: `I call you to witness that I hereby grant pardon to them and confer upon them what they ask for; and grant them protection against what they seek protection from.’ One of the angels says: `Our Rubb, there is amongst them such and such slave who does not belong to the assembly of those who are participating in Your remembrance. He passed by them and sat down with them.’ He says: `I also grant him pardon because they are the people by virtue of whom their associates will not be unfortunate‘.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

(The narration in Muslim is also the same with minor changes in wordings).

1448. Abu Hurairah and Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When a group of people assemble for the remembrance of Allah, the angels surround them (with their wings), (Allah’s) mercy envelops them, Sakinah, or tranquillity descends upon them and Allah makes a mention of them before those who are near Him.”
[Muslim].

1449. Abu Waqid Al-Harith bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was sitting in the mosque with his Companions when three people came to him. Two of them stepped forward to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and the third went away. Those two men stood by the side of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). One of them found a space in the circle and he filled it, while the other one sat behind him. When the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) finished, he said, “Shall I not inform you about these three people? One of them sought refuge with Allah and Allah gave him refuge; the second one felt shy and Allah showed kindness to his shyness (and so he was accommodated in that meeting), and the last one averted, and so Allah turned away His Attention from him.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1450. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) came to an assembly in the mosque and asked them: “What has made you sit together?” They replied, “We are sitting here to remember Allah.” He said, “I adjure you by Allah to tell me whether nothing else has made you to sit together.” They replied: “By Allah! We are sitting only to remember Allah.” Then he said, “I did not adjure you because I suspected you. No one of my rank in the eyes of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) is the narrator of so few traditions as I am. The fact is that the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) went out to a circle of his Companions and said, `What has made you sit there?‘ When they replied that they are sitting together to remember Allah and to praise Him for guiding them to Islam and bestowing favours on them, he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, `I adjure you by Allah to tell me that nothing else has made you sit together.’ On their reply that there was certainly no other purpose, he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, `I did not adjure you because I suspected you, but Jibril (Gabriel) came to me and told me that Allah was talking proudly of you to the angels.”’

[Muslim].