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Authentic Adhkaar (Remembrance) after the Obligatory Salaah (Prayer) – Dawud Burbank

March 6, 2015

Dhikr #1

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(1) MUSLIM reported (no. 591): “Daawood ibn Rushayd narrated to us: alWaleed narrated to us : from al-Awzaa`ee: from Aboo Ammaar-his name is Shaddaad ibn `Abdillaah: from Aboo Asmaa. : from Thawbaan who said: “When Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) finished his Prayer he would seek forgiveness three times, and say:

اللّهُـمَّ أَنْـتَ السَّلامُ ، وَمِـنْكَ السَّلام ، تَبارَكْتَ يا ذا الجَـلالِ وَالإِكْـرام

[O Allaah You are the Flawless One, and from You comes peace and security.
Blessed are You, Possessor of Majesty and Honour].

al-Waleed said: So I said to al-Awzaa`ee: ‘How is seeking forgiveness done?’

He said: “You say : “… أَسْـتَغْفِرُ الله  أَسْـتَغْفِرُ الله ”

(I seek Allaah’s forgiveness, I seek Allaah’s forgiveness….)”.

-The wording of the four ‘Sunan’ in a hadeeth of `Aa.ishah- radiyallaahu `anhaa-(declared authentic by Shaikh al-Albaanee) is:

اللّهُـمَّ أَنْـتَ السَّلامُ ، وَمِـنْكَ السَّلام ، تَبارَكْتَ يا ذا الجَـلالِ وَالإِكْـرام

[O Allaah You are the Flawless One, and from You comes peace and security.
Exalted are You, O Possessor of Majesty and Honour].

Dhikr #2

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(2) AL-BUKHAAREE reported (no.844): “Muhammad ibn Yoosuf narrated to us, saying: Sufyaan narrated to us: from `Abdul-Malik ibn `Umayr: from Warraad-the scribe of al-Mugheerah ibn Shu`bah who said: al-Mugheerah dictated to me in a letter to Mu`aawiyah that the Prophet (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to say after every Obligatory Prayer:

La ilaha illal-lahu wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul-hamd, wahuwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer, allahumma la mani’a lima a’tayt, wa la mu’tiya lima mana’t, wala yanfa’u thal-jaddi minkal-jad

None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner. Sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him, and He has full power over everything. O Allaah no one can hold back what You give, and no one can give what You hold back, and no one’s riches can benefit them against You.”

Dhikr #3

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(3) MUSLIM reported (no.594): “And Muhammad ibn `Abdillaah ibn Numayr narrated to us: My father narrated to us: Hishaam narrated to us: from AbuzZubayr who said: “Ibn az-Zubayr used to say at the end of every Prayer when he had given the Salutation:

La ilaha illal-lah, wahdahu la shareeka lah, lahul-mulku walahul-hamd, wahuwa ‘ala kulli shayin qadeer. la hawla wala quwwata illa billah, la ilaha illal-lah, wala na’budu illa iyyah, lahun-niAAmatu walahul-fadl walahuth-thana-ol- hasan, la ilaha illal-lah mukhliseena lahud-deen walaw karihal-kafiroon.

[None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, alone, having no partner. Sovereignty is His and all praise is for Him, and He has full power over everything. There is no change and no ability except with (the Aid of) Allaah. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, and we do not worship except Him. All blessings are from Him and all favour is from Him, and fine praise is for Him. None has the right to be worshipped except Allaah, we make the Religion purely and sincerely for Him-even though the Disbelievers detest that],

and he said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) used to repeat these words after every Prayer.”

Dhikr #4

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(4) (a) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’, and ‘Allaahu Akbar’- thirty three times each after every Prayer.
[al-Bukhaaree (no. 843) and Muslim (no. 595) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (b) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -thirty-three times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ -thirty-four times-after every Prayer. [Reported by Muslim (no. 596) from a hadeeth of Ka`b ibn `Ujrah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (c) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -thirty-three times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -thirty-three times, and ‘Allaahu akbar’ -thirty-three times- and then: لا إلهَ إلاّ اللّهُ وَحْـدَهُ لا شريكَ لهُ، لهُ الملكُ ولهُ الحَمْد، وهُوَ على كُلّ شَيءٍ قَـدير
whoever does so after every Prayer then his sins will be forgiven even if they are like the foam of the sea.
[Reported by Muslim (no.597) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

or (d) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -twenty-five times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -twenty-five times, ‘Allaahu akbar’ -twenty-five times ‘Laa ilaaha illallaah’ -twenty-five times
[Reported by an-Nasaa.ee (no. 1350) from a hadeeth of Zayd ibn Thaabit-radiyallaahu `anhu and declared ‘Saheeh’ by Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaahu.]

or (e) ) Saying: ‘Subhaanallaah’ -ten times, ‘al-hamdu lillaah’ -ten times, ‘Allaahu akbar’ -ten times.
[Reported by al-Bukhaaree (no.6329)-from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurairah-radiyallaahu `anhu]

Dhikr #5

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(5) ABOO DAAWOOD reported (no. 1522): “ `Ubaydullaah ibn `Umar ibn Maysarah narrated to us: `Abullaah ibn Yazeed al-Muqri. narrated to us: Haywah ibn Shurayh narrated to us, saying: I heard `Uqbah ibn Muslim say: Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Hubulee narrated to me: from as-Sunaabihee: from Mu`aadh ibn Jabal: that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) took hold of his hand and said:

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So he said: << I counsel you, O Mu`aadh: Do not leave off saying at the end of every Prayer:

اللّهُـمَّ أَعِـنِّي عَلـى ذِكْـرِكَ وَشُكْـرِك ، وَحُسْـنِ عِبـادَتِـك

[O Allaah help me upon remembrance of You, giving thanks to You, and worshipping You in a fine manner].>>

And Mu`aadh counselled as-Sunaabihee with that, and as-Sunaabihee counselled Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan with it.”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah-said in ‘Saheeh Sunan Abee Daawood’ (no. 1362): “ I say: Its chain of narration is ‘Saheeh’ and it was declared ‘Saheeh’ by Ibn Khuzaymah and Ibn Hibbaan (2017)…

And the hadeeth is reported by Ahmad (5/244-245), Ibn Khuzaymah in his ‘Saheeh’ (751), and likewise Ibn Hibbaan (no. 2345), and Aboo Nu`aym in ‘al-Hilyah’ (1/241 & 5/130) through other chains from `Abdullaah ibn Yazeed al-Muqri… with it, and they add: “And Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan counselled `Uqbah ibn Muslim.” And Aboo Nu`aym added: “And `Uqbah counselled Haywah, and Haywah counselled Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Muqri., and Aboo `Abdir-Rahmaan al-Muqri., counselled Bishr ibn Moosaa, and Bishr ibn Moosaa counselled Muhammad ibn Ahmad ibn al-Hasan, and Muhammad ibn Ahmad al-Hasan counselled me.

Aboo Nu`aym-rahimahullaah said: “And I counsel you (all) with it.” I say: This hadeeth is from the famous hadeeth reported with a serial chain, mentioning love, and I was given ijaazah to narrate it by the virtuous Shaikh Raaghib at-Tabbaakhrahimahullaah, and he narrated it to me… and he reported its isnaad in this manner mentioning love at each stage of the chain.]

Dhikr #6

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(6) AT-TIRMIDHEE reported (no.2903): “Qutaybah narrated to us, saying: Ibn Lahee`ah narrated to us: from Yazeed ibn Abee Habeeb: from `Alee ibn Rabaah: from `Uqbah ibn `Aamir who said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) commanded me to recite the two Soorahs of seeking refuge (alMu`awwidhatayn) at the end of every Prayer..” [Declared ‘saheeh’ by Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah.]

Dhikr #7

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(7) AN-NASAA.EE reported in ‘`Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah’ (no. 100): “alHusayn ibn Bishr related to us in Tarsoos-we wrote from him, saying: Muhammad ibn Himyar narrated to us, saying: Muhammad ibn Ziyaad narrated to us: from Aboo Umaamah who said: Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) said:<> [Shaikh al-Albaanee declared the hadeeth ‘Saheeh’ in ‘as-Saheehah’ (no. 972)].

Dhikr #8

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(8) AL-BUKHAAREE reported (no. 2822): “Moosaa ibn Ismaa`eel narrated to us: Aboo `Awaanah narrated to us: `Abdul-Malik ibn `Umayr narrated to us, saying: I heard `Amr ibn Maymoon al-Awdee say: Sa`d used to teach his sons these words, just as a teacher teaches boys to write, and he used to say that Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) would seek refuge (with Allaah) from them at the end of the Prayer:

Allahumma innee a’oothu bika minal-jubn, wa-a’oothu bika min an oradda ila arthalil- ‘umur, wa-a’oothu bika min fitnatid-dunya wa wa-a’oothu bika min ‘athabil-qabr.

[O Allaah! I seek Your refuge from cowardice, and I seek Your refuge from being brought back to senile old age, and I seek Your refuge from the trials of the world, and I seek your refuge from the punishment of the grave]

So I narrated it to Mus`ab and he affirmed it.”

Dhikr #9

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(9) AN-NASAA.EE reported (no. 1347): `Amr ibn `Alee related to us, saying: Yahyaa narrated to us: from `Uthmaan ash-Shahhaam: from Muslim ibn Abee Bakrah who said: My father used to say at the end of the Prayer:

[O Allaah! I seek Your refuge from Unbelief, and poverty, and the punishment of the grave].

So I used to say it, so my father said: “Who did you take this from?” So I said: “From you!” He said: “Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) used to say it at the end of the Prayer.”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee said: “Its isnaad is ‘Saheeh’”]

Dhikr #10

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(10) IBNUS-SUNNEE reported in `Amalul-Yawm wal-Laylah’ (no. 116), and AT-TABARAANEE in ‘al-Kabeer’ (nos.7811 & 7893) (& 7982)… from Aboo Umaamah-radiyallaahu `anhu-who said:

“I never drew near to Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم ) at the end of an obligatory or optional Prayer except that I heard him saying:

[O Allaah forgive me all of my sins and shortcomings. O Allaah raise me and restore me, and guide me to righteous deeds and manners; no one can guide to that which is righteous from them, nor repel that which is bad from them besides You].”

[Declared ‘hasan’ (i.e. due to supporting narrations) by Shaikh al-Albaanee in ‘SaheehulJaami`’ (no. 1266) and Shaikh Saleem al-Hilaalee in ‘Saheeh Kitaabil-Adhkaar’ (189/154).]

Dhikr #11

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(11) AN-NASAA.EE reported [Book of ‘Sahw’ (Forgetfulness)]:Chapter (87): Another type of dhikr after the Salutation (no.1344):

“Muhammad ibn Ishaaq as-Saaghaanee related to us, saying: Aboo Salamah alKhuzaa`ee-Mansoor ibn Salamah narrated to us, saying: Khallaad ibn Sulaymaan narrated to us, saying Aboo Salamah said: and he was on e of those who were fearful: From Khaalid ibn Abee `Imraan: from `Urwah: from `Aa.ishah: that when Allaah’s Messenger (صلى الله عليه و سلم) had sat in a gathering or prayer he would say some words. So `Aa.ishah asked him about the words, so he said:

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[I declare You free of all imperfections, O Allaah, and all praise is for You. I seek Your forgiveness and turn in repentance to You.].”

[Shaikh al-Albaanee-rahimahullaah-declared it ‘Saheeh’.]

[Compiled and translated by Abu Talhah Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah]

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Authentic Adhkaar (Remembrance) after the Salaah (Prayer) – Dawud Burbank [PDF]

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