Leaving the Masjid after the Adhan has been Called – alifta & Shaykh Uthaymeen

Leaving the Masjid after the Adhan is announced

The second question of Fatwa no. 5133

Q: What is the ruling on leaving the Masjid (mosque) after the Adhan (call to Prayer)? Moreover, does the same ruling apply to a person who may be in a room, not used for Salah, within the precincts of the Masjid but when leaving, he passes through the courtyard of the Masjid?

A: It is not permissible to leave the Masjid after hearing the Adhan except to perform Wudu’, answering the call of nature, or any other necessity. It is reported that Abu Hurayrah  saw a person leaving the Masjid after the Adhan. Upon this he remarked,

“This (man) disobeyed Abu Al-Qasim (peace be upon him).” Related by Muslim in his Sahih. The same ruling applies for a person who is in a room inside the precincts of the Masjid.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.

The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’
Member Member Deputy Chairman Chairman
Abdullah ibn Qa`ud – Abdullah ibn Ghudayyan  -Abdul-Razzaq `Afify  – Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Fatwas of the Permanent Committee>Group 1>Volume 6: Salah 1>Salah>Rulings related to the Masjids>

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=1993&PageNo=1&BookID=7


[Q] What is the ruling regarding leaving the Masjid after the Adhan has been called?

[A] Abu Hurayrah saw a man leave (the Masjid) after the Adhan (had been called) and said (about him):

As for this (one), then he has gone against (the teachings of) Abul-Qasim (Muhammad, peace be upon him).(Sahih Muslim)

And to go against (the teachings) principally is prohibited. Allah says:

It is not for a believer, man or woman, when Allah and His Messenger have decreed a matter that they should have any option in their decision. And whoever disobeys Allah and His Messenger, he has indeed strayed in a plain error. (Quran, 33:36)

So, because of this, the people having Islamic knowledge have said: Indeed it is not permissible for a person to leave the Masjid after the Adhan (has been called) except for an (Islamically justifiable) reason, such as leaving to make Wudhu or if he wanted to go to answer the call of nature, then he is permitted to leave, even if he misses the prayer as the Prophet (peace be upon him) said:

There is no prayer if food has been served or for him who needs to answer the call of nature. (Sahih Muslim)

So, if we say that someone is waiting for the prayer and then felt the need to go and answer the call of nature or even to pass wind, since some people (may be in) need of passing wind, then there is no harm if he left and relieved himself (and) then returned. And if he was able to (catch and) join the congregation, then it is a blessing, and if he was unable to do so, then there is no harm in this.

Sheikh Bin Uthaymeen
Majmoo Fatawa Bin Uthaymeen, Vol. 12, Pg. 200.

Source: Saudi Gazette of 12 Rabi Al-Awaal 1430 H

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/salah/adhan-call-to-prayer

Raising the hands upward when supplicating to Allaah after the Adhan – alifta

The fourth question of Fatwa no. 16874

Q4: Is raising the hands upward when supplicating to Allah after the end of Adhan (call to Prayer) an act of Bid`ah (innovation in religion)?

A: After repeating Adhan and invoking Allah’s Peace and Blessings upon Prophet Muhammad (peace be upon him), it is recommended to say:

O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and of the regular prayer which is going to be established, bestow upon Muhammad Al-Wasilah (the highest position in Paradise) and Al-Fadilah (extra degree of honor) and raise him to Al Maqam Al Mahmud (the best and the highest place in Paradise), which You have promised him.

This statement is authentically reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him) on the authority of Jabir ibn `Abdullah Al-Ansary (may Allah be pleased with him and his father) in Sahih Al-Bukhari (may Allah be merciful to him). However, raising the hands has no mention in the report, so it is an act of Bid`ah.

May Allah grant us success. May peace and blessings be upon our Prophet Muhammad, his family, and Companions.
The Permanent Committee for Scholarly Research and Ifta’

Member – Member – Member – Chairman
Bakr Abu Zayd – Abdul-`Aziz Al Al-Shaykh – Salih Al-Fawzan – Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz

Source: Fatwas of the Permanent Committee (alifta.net) > Acts of worship > Salah (Prayer) > Conditions for the validity of Salah > Knowing that the time of a given Salah has commenced as a condition for the validity of Salah > Adhan (call to Prayer) > Saying Du`a’, Dhikr and performing Nafilah Prayer between Adhan and Iqamah >


The following has been taken from Imam Ibn Baz’s Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb

171- What is the ruling on raising one’s hands in Du`a’ after Iqamah

Q: I have noticed that some Muslims, who are about to perform Salah (Prayer), raise their hands and supplicate immediately after the Mu’adhin (caller to Prayer) finishes the announcement of the Adhan (call to Prayer). This takes place before Takbirat-ul-Ihram (saying: “Allahu Akbar [Allah is the Greatest]” upon starting Prayer. Is this practice reported from the Prophet (peace be upon him)?

A: This action has no basis in Shari`ah (Islamic law). Nothing has been reported that the Prophet (peace be upon him) used to supplicate between Iqamah (call to start the Prayer) and the start of Prayer. He was never reported as having raised his hands at this time. This should not be done because it is contrary to the Sunnah (whatever is reported from the Prophet).

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb > Volume 6 > Book of Salah > Chapter on Adhan and Iqamah
http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/fatawaDetails.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=1228&PageNo=1&BookID=8

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/salah/adhan-call-to-prayer

Shaykh Al-Albani Pronouncing Adhan & Iqaamah

[Souncloud Audio Link] or [Download Mp3 Here]

Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/salah/adhan-call-to-prayer

Announcing the Adhan upon seeing a Spirit or an Apparition from the Jinn – Imam Ibn Baaz

Imam Ibn Baaz (rahimahullaah):

It is permissible to announce the Adhan upon seeing a spirit or an apparition from the Jinn as related in the Hadith:

When the Jinn try to mislead you (by taking different shapes), hasten to pronounce Adhan (call to Prayer)” [#01].

If someone sees the Jinn, they should announce Adhan, because it rebukes them, as does the remembrance of Allah

[#01] Related by Ahmad, Musnad, Section on the Hadiths narrated by Jabir ibn `Abdullah, no. 13865

Fatwas of Nur `Ala Al-Darb
Browse by Volume Number > Volume 6 > Book of Salah > Chapter on Adhan and Iqamah > Announcing Adhan for purposes other than Salah

http://www.alifta.net/Fatawa/fatawaDetails.aspx?languagename=en&BookID=8&View=Page&PageNo=1&PageID=1180

Related Links:

The Correct way of announcing Adhan – Imam Ibn Baaz

Q: What is the proper manner of announcing Adhan (call to Prayer)?
What is your opinion concerning the additions people use after the Adhan?

A: The proper manner of announcing the Adhan is the way taught by the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) to his followers. Bilal (رضي الله عنه) used to announce the Adhan in the presence of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) till the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) died. He used to announce the Adhan during the Makkan period and at Al-Madinah.

This is the Adhan that we announce today which consists of fifteen phrases:

ٱللهُ أَكْبَر ٱللهُ أَكْبَر
Allah-u-Akbar, Allah-u-Akbar,
Allah-u-Akbar, Allah-u-Akbar

(Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest.
Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest);

أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله, أَشْهَدُ أَنْ لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله
Ashhadu An La Ilaha Illa Allah,
Ashhadu An La Ilaha Illa Allah

(I bear witness that there is no god but Allah.
I bear witness that there is no god but Allah);

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ ٱلله, أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ مُحَمَّدًا رَسُولُ ٱلله
Ashhadu Anna Muhammad-an Rasul-ul-llah,
Ashhadu Anna Muhammad-an Rasul-ul-llah

(I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah.
I bear witness that Muhammad is the Messenger of Allah);

حَيَّ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَة, حَيَّ عَلَى ٱلصَّلَوَة
Hayy `Ala as-Salah, Hayy `Ala as-Salah

(Come to Prayer. Come to Prayer);

حَيَّ عَلَى ٱلْفَلَاح, حَيَّ عَلَى ٱلْفَلَاح
Hayy `Ala al-Falah, Hayy `Ala al-Falah

(Come to success. Come to success);

ٱللهُ أَكْبَر, ٱللهُ أَكْبَر
Allah-u-Akbar, Allah-u-Akbar

(Allah is the Greatest. Allah is the Greatest);

لَا إِلٰهَ إِلَّا ٱلله
La ilaha illa Allah

(There is none worthy of worship but Allah).

This is the Adhan that Bilal used to announce in the presence of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) till he died.

But in Fajr (Dawn) Prayer, he added:

ٱلصَّلَوةُ خَيْرٌ مِن النَّوم
As-Salatu Khayr-un Mina an-Nawm
(Salah is better than sleeping),

twice after his saying: Hayy `Ala al-Falah (Come to success), and before saying: Allah-u-Akbar (Allah is the Greatest).

As for what some people used to add as:

حَيَّ عَلَى خَيْرٌ الْعَمَل
Hayy `Ala Khayr al-`Amal
(Come to best of deed),

or

أَشْهَدُ أَنَّ عَلِيًّا وَلِي ٱلله
Ashhadu Anna `Aly-an Waliy-ul-llah
(I bear witness that `Aly is the Waliy of Allah),

is an evil deed and Bid`ah (innovation in religion) introduced by Shi`ah (Shi’ites).

It is not permissible, neither, to offer peace and blessings upon the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) audibly directly after the Adhan. This is a Bid`ah.

It is commendable for a Muslim, after announcing the Adhan, to ask Allah to bestow peace and blessings upon the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). Then say:

اللَّهُمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدَّعْوَةِ التَّامَّةِ، وَالصَّلَاةِ الْقَائِمَةِ، آتِ مُحَمَّداً الْوَسِيلَةَ وَالْفَضِيلَةَ، وَابْعَثْهُ مَقَاماً مَحْمُوداً الَّذِي وَعَدْتَهُ

“O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (perfect by not ascribing partners to You) and of the prayer which is going to be established, give Muhammad the right of intercession and illustriousness, and raise him to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised. Surely, You do not renege Your promise.”

Doing so is commendable for every Muslim whether male or female after the Adhan.

It is commendable also for the Mu’adhin (caller to Prayer), as any other person, to offer peace and blessings upon the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) after announcing Adhan. He should also recite: “O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and of the regular prayer which is going to be established, give Muhammad the right of intercession and illustriousness, and raise him to the best and the highest place in Paradise that You promised.” But he should not say these words in a loud voice like the Adhan. This is because the Adhan ends with saying: La ilaha illa Allah (There is no god but Allah).

It is permissible for the Mu’adhin to raise his voice in order to let others to hear and follow him. It was authentically reported that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) stated:

“When you hear the Mu’adhin, repeat what he says, then invoke blessings on me, for everyone who invokes blessings on me will receive them tenfold from Allah; then beg from Allah Al-Wasilah for me, which is a rank in Paradise fitting for only one of Allah’s servants, and I hope that I will be that one. If anyone who asks that I be given the Al-Wasilah, he will be assured of my intercession.”  [#01]

This is was stated by the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). (Related by Muslim in his Sahih book of Hadith on the authority of `Abdullah ibn `Amr ibn Al-`As (رضي الله عنه)).

This is a Sunnah for both Mu’adhin and listener, whether male or female, everywhere after announcing the Adhan. All are to say:

O Allah, bestow peace and blessings upon Muhammad!” or

O Allah, bestow peace and blessings upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his family and Companions!”

in a tone that differs from the Adhan’s and in a lower voice.

One should say: “O Allah! Lord of this perfect call and of the Prayer which is going to be established, grant Muhammad Al-Wasilah and illustriousness, and raise him to the best and the highest place (in Paradise) that You promised.”

It was recorded in Al-Bukhari’s Sahih book of Hadith on the authority of Jabir ibn Abdullah Al-Ansary that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) stated:

“Whoever says upon hearing the Adhan: ‘O Allah, Lord of this perfect call and of the established Prayer (Salah), grant Muhammad the Al-Wasilah and superiority, and raise him up to the praiseworthy position which You have promised’, it becomes incumbent upon me to intercede for him on the Day of Resurrection.”  [#02]

This was the Hadith reported from the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم). Al-Bayhaqy reported this addition:  “You do not break Your promise.”  with a Hasan chain of narrators. This is what is legally permitted.

As for increasing the Adhan by saying: “Come to the best deed”, “I bear witness that `Aly is the Waliy of Allah” or any other phrases is an evil deed and Bid`ah (innovation in Islam) that has no basis in Islam as mentioned earlier.

The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) stated:  “Whoever performs any act for which there is no sanction from our behalf, it is to be rejected.” [#03] (Related by Muslim in his Sahih book of Hadith on the authority of `Aishah (may Allah be pleased with her)).

It was reported also by Muslim in his Sahih on the authority of Jabir (رضي الله عنه) that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم)  used to say during the Friday sermon: “The best speech is embodied in the Book of Allah, and the best of guidance is the guidance given by Muhammad. And the most evil affairs are their innovations and every innovation is misguidance.” [#04]  There are many Hadiths in this regard. Allah is the One Who grants success.

Footnotes:

[#01] Muslim, Sahih, Book on Salah, no. 384; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on merits and virtues, no. 3614; Al-Nasa’y, Sunan, Book on Adhan, no. 678; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 523; Book on remembrance of Allah, supplication, repentance and seeking forgiveness, 2, p. 168

[#02] Bukhari, Sahih, Book on Adhan, no. 614; Al-Tirmidhy, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 211; Al-Nasa’y, Sunan, Book on Adhan, no. 680; Abu Dawud, Sunan, Book on Salah, no. 529; Ibn Majah, Sunan, Book on Adhan and its Sunnah, no. 722; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 3, p. 354.

[#03] Muslim, Sahih, Book on judicial decisions, no. 1718; and Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 6, p. 256

[#04] Muslim, Sahih, Book on Friday, no. 867; Al-Nasa’y, Sunan, Book on the two `Eid Prayers, no. 1578; Ibn Majah, Sunan, Introduction, no. 45; Ahmad ibn Hanbal, Musnad, vol. 3, p. 311; and Al-Darimy, Sunan, Introduction, no. 206

Source: [alifta.net] Fatwas of Ibn Baaz > Volume 10 > Book of Salah > Chapter on Adhan and Iqamah > The correct way of announcing Adhan

PS: Edited, slightly updated and formatted by AbdurRahman.Org

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/salah/adhan-call-to-prayer

The wisdom behind saying, “Laa Hawla Wa-Laa Quwwata illa Billah” when the Mu’adhin says, “Hayya `Ala Al-Salah” and “Hayya `Ala Al-Falah” – Imam Ibn Baz

From `Abdul-`Aziz ibn `Abdullah ibn Baz to the honorable brother H. M. Th., may Allah grant him safety! May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you. In respect of your request for Fatwa registered in the Department of the Scholarly Research and Ifta’ (no. 1513), dated (21/4/1407 A.H.), it contains three questions. Here are the answers:

 Q3: What is the wisdom behind saying,  لا حَوْلَ وَلا قُوَّةَ إِلا بِاللهLa Hawla Wala Quwwata Illla Billah”  (There is no might nor power except with Allah) when the Mu`adh-dhin says,  حي على الصلاةHayya `Ala Al-Salah (Come to Salah)” and  حي على الفلاح “Hayya `Ala Al-Falah (Come to Success)” taking into consideration that they imply a call to Salah? Is there a Hadith that refers to that?

A: The wisdom behind that saying is that man is weak by nature. He has no ability to move from a condition to another except with the help of Allah. Even his going to Salah in congregation needs the help and power of Allah. A servant of Allah has no might or power except with Allah. He realizes that he is weak, powerless, and unable to answer this call unless Allah helps him Alone. Therefore, upon hearing that call, he says: “La Hawla Wala Quwwata Illa Billah”.

This is authentically reported from `Umar (may Allah be pleased with him) as related by Muslim in his Sahih. May Allah grant us all success! May Allah’s Peace, Mercy, and Blessings be upon you!

Issued by the office of His Eminence and was read to His Eminence again on 4/4/1415 A.H.

Source: Fatwas of Ibn Baz > Volume 10 > Book of Salah > Chapter on Adhan and Iqamah > 

http://alifta.net/Fatawa/FatawaChapters.aspx?languagename=en&View=Page&PageID=1628&PageNo=1&BookID=14

Rulings on Adhaan and Iqaamah : Umdatul Ahkaam – Dr Saleh as Saleh [Audio|En]

Umdatul ahkaam – Salaah – 61 – Adhaan and Iqaamah – part 1

Umdatul ahkaam – Salaah – 61 – Adhaan and Iqaamah – part 2

Umdatul ahkaam – Salaah – 62 – Rulings on Adhan – part 1

Umdatul ahkaam – Salaah – 63 – Rulings on Adhan – part 2

Source: Pillar2 – Salah – Umdatul ah-Kaam

Related Link:

What to say upon hearing the Athan/Azan (call to prayer) – Hisn al Muslim

Repeat what the Mu’aththin says, except for when he says:

“حَيَّ عَلَى الصَّلاَةِ وَحَيَّ عَلَى الْفَلَاحِ”

Hayya ‘alas-Salaah (hasten to the prayer) and Hayya ‘alal-Falaah (hasten to salvation). Here you should say:

“لَا حَوْلَ وَلَا قُوَّةَ إِلَّا بِاللهِ”

Laa hawla wa laa quwwata ‘illaa billaah.
There is no might and no power except by Allah.

Reference: Al-Bukhari 1/152, Muslim 1/288.


Wa ‘anaa ‘ash-hadu ‘an laa ‘ilaaha ‘illallaahu wahdahu laa shareeka lahu wa ‘anna Muhammadan ‘abduhu wa Rasooluhu, radheetu billaahi Rabban, wa bi-Muhammadin Rasoolan wa bil’islaami deenan.

I bear witness that none has the right to be worshipped but Allah alone, Who has no partner, and that Muhammad is His slave and His Messenger. I am pleased with Allah as my Lord, with Muhammad as my Messenger and with Islam as my religion.1 [To be recited in Arabic after the Mu’aththin’s Tashahhud or the words of affirmation of Faith] 2

Reference:
[01] Muslim 1/290.
[02] Ibn Khuzaymah 1/220.


اللّهُـمَّ رَبَّ هَذِهِ الدّعْـوَةِ التّـامَّة وَالصّلاةِ القَـائِمَة آتِ محَـمَّداً الوَسيـلةَ وَالْفَضـيلَة وَابْعَـثْه مَقـامـاً مَحـموداً الَّذي وَعَـدْتَه إِنَّـكَ لا تُـخْلِفُ الميـعاد.

Allaahumma Rabba haathihid-da ‘watit-taammati wassalaatil-qaa’imati, ‘aati Muhammadanil-waseelata walfadheelata, wab ‘ath-hu maqaamam-mahmoodanil-lathee wa’adtahu

After replying to the call of Mu’aththin. you should recite in Arabic Allah’s blessings on the Prophet.

O Allah , Lord of this perfect call and established prayer. Grant Muhammad the intercession and favor, and raise him to the honored station You have promised him

Reference:

Al-Bukhari 1/152, and the addition between brackets is from Al-Bayhaqi 1/410 with a good (Hasan) chain of narration. See ‘Abdul-Azlz bin Baz’s Tuhfatul-‘Akhyar, pg. 38.

Between the call to prayer and the ‘Iqamah, you should supplicate Allah for yourself. Invocation during this time is not rejected.

Source: Hisn al Muslim, Darus-salam English Publication , with slight editing

Ahadeeth Pertaining to The Adhaan and the Prayer – Shaykh Al-Albaani

Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah’ of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

Part A

1- 475- On the authority of Jareer who said: I came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam while he wasbeing given allegiance, so I said: O Messenger of Allaah! Give me your hand so I can give you my allegiance, make it conditional because you know best.

The Messenger said: ‘I take your allegiance that you will worship Allaah, establish the prayer, give the Zakah, give advice to the Muslims and separate from the Mushrik.

No. 636

2- 476 – On the authority of al-Mattlab bin Abdullaah bin Hantab, on the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam climbed the Mimbar and said: ‘I do not swear, I do not swear, I do not swear.’ Then he came down and said: ‘Have glad tidings, have glad tidings; verily whoever prays the five prayers and keeps away from the major sins enters into Paradise from any door he wishes.’

Al-Mattlab said: I heard a man ask Abdullaah bin ‘Amr did you hear the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam mention them? He said: ‘Yes, disobedience to parents, committing Shirk with Allaah, killing a human, falsely accusing a chaste woman, eating up the wealth of an orphan, retreating from a battle and eating up interest.’

No. 3451

3- 477 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin ‘Amr who said: We prayed the Maghrib prayer with the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, some people left and some remained. The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came quickly and his breathing had become rapid and his knees had become uncovered and he said: ‘Have glad tidings; your Lord has opened a door from the doors of Heaven, for which the Angels compete with you.Then Allaah says: Look at My slaves, they have just completed the obligatory prayer and they are waiting for the next one.’

No. 661

4- 479- On the authority of Abu Idrees al-Kholaani, who said: I was in a gathering of the Companions of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and amongst them was Ubaadah bin as-Saamit. The Witr prayer was mentioned, some of them said that it was obligatory and some of them said it was Sunnah.

Ubaadah bin as-Saamit said: ‘As for me then I testify that I heard the Messenger of Allaah –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam say: ‘Jibraeel – alayhi Sallam- came from Allaah – Tabaraka wa Ta’ala – and said: O Muhammad! Indeed Allaah – Azza wa Jal – has said to you: Verily I have made five prayers obligatory upon your Ummah; whoever fulfils them with its Wudu, its timing and Sujood (prostration) then he has made with it a contract with Me that I will enter him into Paradise due to it. Whoever meets Me and some of it is deficient – or a word similar to it – then he does not have a contract with Me, if I want I will punish him and if I want I will have mercy on him.

No. 842

5- 481 – On the authority of Abu ‘Amama who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamdeliver a sermon in his farewell Hajj saying: ‘Fear Allaah your Lord, pray your five prayers, fast your month, pay the Zakah of your family and obey those in authority over you; you will enter the Paradise of your Lord.’

No. 867

6- 482 – On the authority of Anas who said the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam turned towards us to face us when we stood for the prayer before he said the Takbeer and said: ‘Complete the rows (and in another narration: [straighten, straighten] [come closer together]) indeed I see you behind my back like I see you in front of me.’

No. 3955

7- 485 – On the authority of ‘Aeysha on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘Make a portion of your prayer in your homes, do not make your homes as graves just as the Jews and the Christians made their homes as graves.Indeed the house in which the Qur’aan is recited will be made apparent to the people of the Heaven justas the stars are made apparent to the people of the earth.’

No. 3112

8- 488 – On the authority of Samurah bin Jundub, that the Prophet of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Come to the remembrance (prayer) and come close to the Imaam, since a person will continue to be pushed back so much that he will be held back in Paradise even if he does enter it.’

No.365

9- 490 – On the authority of Talq bin ‘Alee who said: We set out as dignitaries to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, six dignitaries, five from Bani Hanifa and a man from Bani Dabee’ah bin Rabia’tu.When we reached him, we gave our allegiance to him and prayed with him. We informed him that in our country we had a temple for worship and we requested from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam the water which remained and fell from him after performing Wudu.

So the Prophet called for some water, made Wudu and gargled then poured it into the vessel and commanded us saying: ‘Go now, when you reach your country break your temple and sprinkle this water in its place and take it as a place of prayer (Masjid).

They said: Indeed the place is far away, the weather is severely hot and the water will dry up.

He answered: Pour some of this water into other water as it will not increase it except in goodness.’

As we were going, we argued as to who would carry the water container. So, the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam deputed between us, that every man from amongst us would carry it for a day and night. When we reached our country we broke our temple then sprinkled the water in its place, we took it as a Masjid and then called the Adhaan in that place. There was a monk who was a man from a place called Tee’ and when he heard the Adhaan he said: ‘This is a truthful call.’ Then he faced a streamfrom amongst our streams which ran from the top of the valley and we never saw him again.’

No. 2582/1430

Part B

10- 491 – On the authority of Sa’ad bin Abu Waqqas on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam– who said: ‘If you come to the prayer, come in a tranquil and calm state, pray what you catch and make up what you miss.’

No. 1198

11 – 496 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik who was informed that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If the prayer has begun and one of you is fasting; then begin with dinner before the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty with your dinner.’

No.3964

12- 498 – On the authority of Abu Huraira that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If the recitor says Ameen, then say Ameen, since the Angels say Ameen. So whoever’s saying of Ameen coincides with the Ameen of the Angels then he is forgiven for his previous sins.’

No. 1263

13- 503 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If a Muslim goes out to the Masjid, then with every step Allaah writes a good deed for him and He removes a bad deed from him due to that until he comes to his place.’

No.1063

14- 507 – On the authority of ‘Atta that he heard Ibn Zubair on the Mimbar saying: ‘If one of you enters the Masjid and the people are in Ruku (bowing); then you should make Ruku when you enter then move forward whilst in the Ruku position until you enter into the row since that is the Sunnah.’

No. 229

15- 512 – On the authority of Jubair bin Muttim that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If one of you prays towards a Sutrah then come close to it so the Shaytaan cannot walk between you and it.’

No.1386

16- 513 – On the authority of Ismah bin Malik al-Khatmee in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘If one of you prays theJumu’ah prayer, then he should not pray anything after it until he has spoken or he leaves that place.’

No. 1329

17- 515 – On the authority of Ibn Umar who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If one of you prays then he should wear his Thawb(garment), since indeed Allaah has more right that you beautify for Him.’

No.1369

18 – 517 – On the authority of ar-Rabia bint Mu’awaadh that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘If the people pray the funeral prayer and praise the deceased with good then the Lord – Azza wa Jal – says: I have accepted their testification about what they know and I forgive him that which they do not know.’

No.1364

Part C

19- 524 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘If the Imaam reads << not (the way) of those who earned Your Anger, nor of those who went astray>> and says Ameen, then say Ameen since the Angels say Ameen to his supplication. So whoever says Ameen and it coincides with the Ameen of the Angels, he is forgiven his previous sins.’

No. 2534

20 – 527 – On the authority of Abu Ayoob al-Ansaari who said: A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: ‘Advise me and make it concise.’

So the Messenger said: ‘When you stand to pray, then pray as if it is a farewell prayer. Do not say something for which you have to apologise tomorrow and do not have a want or hope for what other people have.

No. 401

21- 530 – On the authority of Ibn Umar who said: I heard the Messenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-say: ‘If one of you feels sleepy in the masjid on the day of Jumu’ah, he should move from the place he was sitting to another place.’

No.468

22 – 535 – On the authority of ‘Uthmaan who said: ‘I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsay: ‘Do you not see that if one of you had a flowing river in front of your house and he washed from that river five times every day, would there remain any dirt on him?’

They said: ‘Not a thing.’

Then he said: ‘Verily prayers take away sins just like water takes away filth/dirt.’

No. 1614

23- 541 – On the authority of Makhool, on the authority of the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘Seek the response to a Dua’ at the time two armies clash, at the time when the obligatory prayer is about to be prayed and at the time of rain.’

No.1469

24- 542 – On the authority of Abu Umamah who said: ‘I came to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: ‘Tell me something which I can devote myself to.’

The Messenger of Allaah said: ‘Know that you do not make a Sajda (prostration) to Allaah except that Allaah raises you a degree and erases a mistake from you due to it.’

No. 1488

25- 565 – On the authority of Abu Musa al-Ashaari who said : the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Indeed Allaah sends the Days of the week on the Day of Judgement in their own form but He sends the Day of Jumu’ah like a lit up flower.Its people (i.e. the people who attend Jumu’ah) gather around it like the bride presented to her beloved, it lights up for them and they walk in its light. Their colour is like white snow, their fragrance starts to spread like musk, they enter into a mountain of camphor and Jinn and mankind will look at them. They (i.e. the people who attend Jumu’ah) continue to be awestruck until they enter into Paradise and no-one will mix with them except the Mu’athinoon (the callers to prayer) who hope for a reward from Allaah.’

No.706

26- 566 – On the authority of Jaabir bin Abdullaahthat the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘Indeed the best place where female camels are ridden to is my Masjid and the ancient House (Ka’aba).’

No. 1648

27- 568 – On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘Indeed a man prays for sixty years and his prayer is not accepted, perhaps he completes hisRuku (bowing) but he does not complete his Sajood(prostration) or completes his Sajood (prostration) but does not complete his Ruku.’

No. 2535

Part D

28- 573-On the authority of Aasim bin Umar bin Qatadah on the authority of his father on the authority of his grandfather Qatadah bin Nu’maan who said:

It was a very dark and rainy night, so I said: ‘What if I could benefit on this night by attending the Isha prayer with the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam-! Then Iwould definitely do so.’

When the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- went out, he saw me and he had a date-palm branch with a cluster of dates on it with which he was walking. So he said: ‘What are you doing, O Qatadah, here at this hour?’

I said: ‘I benefitted by attending the prayer with you O Messenger of Allaah.’

Then he gave me the date-palm branch with the cluster of dates on it and said: ‘Indeed the Shaytaan has gone behind you to your family, so take this date-palm branch and go, hold onto it until you reach your house, then take him behind your house and beat him with this.’

I left the Masjid, then the date-palm branch lit up like the light of a candle so I could see my way with it. When I came to my family I found them sleeping, I then looked in the corner of the room and saw a hedgehog so I continued to beat it with the date-palm branch until it left.

No .3036

29- 574- On the authority of Salim on the authority of Ibn Umar who said: I was a young single man at the time of the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and I would sleep in the masjid. Whoever amongst us saw a dream would narrate it to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.

So I said ‘O Allaah if I have any good with You, let me see a dream which the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam will interpret for me.’

When I slept, I saw a dream that two Angels came and took me. They met another Angel who said: ‘Don’t fear,’ so they took me to the Hellfire and it was folded like the walls surround the inside of a well. It had people in there, some of whom I knew.They took a hold of me from my right side. When I awoke in the morning, I mentioned it to Hafsa.

Hafsa decided to narrate it to the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘Indeed Abdullaah is a righteous man if he would pray muchin the night.’

Then Salim said: ‘So Abdullaah used to pray muchin the night.’

No. 3533

30- 575 – On the authority of Abu al-Muneeb who said that Ibn Umar saw a young person who excessively prolonged the prayer, so he said: ‘Do any of you know this person?’ A man said: ‘I know him.’

So Ibn Umar said: As for me, if I knew him I would have ordered him with lots of Ruku (bowing) andSujood (prostration) as I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying: ‘Indeed if a slave stands to pray then all his sins are brought and placed upon his shoulders, so every time he makes a Ruku or a Sajda, sins fall off him.’

No. 1398

31- 576 – On the authority of ‘Alee: the Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam ordered us to use a Miswaak and he said: ‘Verily when a slave of Allaah stands to pray, an Angel comes to him and stands behind him listening to the Qur’aan and comes close to him. He continues to listen and comes closer until the Angel places his mouth on his mouth, so he does not recite a verse except that it enters the Angel.’

No.1213

32- 578 – On the authority of Abu Huraira from the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam who said: ‘Indeed theMasajid have Musalleen (those who pray there) andthe Angels sit with them. If they are absent the Angels miss them, if they are sick the Angels visit them and if they are in need the Angels help them.’Then the Messenger said: Those who sit in theMasjid are of three types: A brother from whom you can benefit, a wise statement or a mercy which is in wait.’

No. 3401

33- 579 – On the authority of Salman al-Farsi –Rahiallaahu anhu- who said that the Messenger of AllaahsallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Indeed a Muslim prays and his sins are above his head. Every time he performs Sajdah (prostration) his sins fall away from him so when he has finished his prayer, his sins will have fallen away.’

No. 3402

34 – 582 On the authority of Abu Basrah al-Ghafaree who said: the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam led us in the Asr prayer in a place called al-Mukhamas and said: ‘Indeed this prayer was presented to those before you but they neglected it, so whoever consistently guards this prayer, then he will have his reward twice, and there is no prayer after it until the stars appear.’

No. 3549

35 – 583- On the authority of Anas that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Indeed the Jews are envious of you due to yourgiving Salaam to each other and your saying Ameenafter reciting Fatiha.’

No. 692

36 – 592- On the authority of Muadh bin Jabal who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam one day prayed a very long prayer. When he finished it we asked him: ‘O Messenger of Allaah,you lengthened the prayer today?’

He said: ‘Indeed I prayed the prayer with hope and fear. I asked Allaah -Azza wa Jal – three things for my Ummah, He gave me two and refused one. I asked Him that they not be overcome by an enemy from other than themselves, so He gave me this. I asked Him not to destroy them by drowning, so He gave me this. I asked Him that they do not warbetween themselves, but He refused it.’

No. 1724

Part E

37- 598 – On the authority of Anas in a narration ascribed to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘The first thing that a slave of Allaah will be taken to account for on the Day of Judgement is the prayer.If it is in order then the rest of his actions will be in order and if it is corrupt then the rest of his actions will be corrupt.’

No. 1358

38- 606 – On the authority of Ibn Abbas who said: ‘Such is the Sunnah of Abul-Qaasim –sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam that a traveller completes his prayer if he is led by a resident, otherwise he shortens his prayer.’

No. 2676

39- 610 – On the authority of Anas bin Malik in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘There are three from whom the prayer will not be accepted, nor will it ascend to the sky, nor will it go above their heads: a man who leads a people in prayer and they dislike him, a man who leads the funeral prayer but he was not asked to and a woman whose husband calls her during the night but she refuses to come to him.’

No. 650

40-611- On the authority of Muhammad bin Isma’eel who said: It was said to Abdullaah bin Abu Hubayb –RadhiAllaahu anhu- Did you meet the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam?

He answered: ‘The Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam came to us in our Masjid in Quba. I came,and I was a young boy, until I sat on his right-hand side and Abu Bakr sat on his left. Then he called for a drink and drank from it, he gave it to me, and I was on his right, so I drank from it then he stood and prayed and I saw him pray in his shoes.’

No. 2941

41- 614- On the authority of Abu Huraira that the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘There is an expiation of the sins from one Friday until the next as long as you do not commit major sins.’

No. 3623

42- 619 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam passed by a recently-dug grave and said: ‘Two brief Rakah,which you regard as insignificant, and optional prayer which will increase them – while pointing to the grave – in deeds are more beloved to him than the rest of your Dunya.’

No. 1388

43- 622- On the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam: ‘The nobility of a believer is his praying during the night and his honour is in being able to dispense with what is in the hands of the people.’

No. 1903

44- 625- On the authority of Ibn Umar who said: ‘A man came to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam and said: O Messenger of Allaah! Give me a statement and make it concise. So the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said to him: ‘Pray your prayer, as it is a farewell prayer, as though you see Allaah and if you cannot see Him, then know that He sees you.Renounce what is in the hands of people and you will liveself-sufficiently and beware of that for which you have to make an excuse.’

No. 1914

45- 634- on the authority of Abu Huraira in a narration ascribed to the Prophet sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘Pray in a sheep pasture and stroke their backsbecause they are from the animals/beasts of Paradise.’

No. 1128

Part F

46- 642 – On the authority of Umm Salamah in a narration ascribed to the Prophet: sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam:

‘The best of the Masajid for women are their houses.’

No. 1396

47 – 643 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallamsaid: ‘The prayer is of three parts of a third: purification is a third, Ruku is a third and Sujood is a third so whoever performs it correctly then it will be accepted from him and his other actions will be accepted and whoever has his prayer rejected then the rest of his actions will be rejected.’

No. 2537

48- 656 – On the authority of Abu Malik al-Ashjaaee, on the authority of his father, Tariq bin Asheem, who said: ‘If a person accepted Islaam the first thing we used to be taught was prayer,’ or he said: ‘Taught him the prayer.’

No. 3030

49- 661 – On the authority of al-Bara bin ‘Aazib: ‘If water was poured onto the Messenger’s sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam back when used to perform Ruku, it would stay on his back.’

No. 3331

50 – 697 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Saib who said: ‘The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to pray four Rakah before the Zuhr prayer afterZawwal (when the sun is at its highest point) and would say: Indeed the doors of the heavens/sky areopen then, so I love to present a good action at that time.’

No. 3404

51 – 701 – On the authority of Abu Huraira who said: The Messenger sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam used to teach us and say: ‘Do not compete with the Imaam in the Ruku and Sujood, if he makes Takbeer then make Takbeer, if he says: << Wa laddaalleen>> then say: ‘Ameen’ and if what he says coincides with what the Angels say, then his previous sins are forgiven. If the Imaam makes Ruku then make Rukuand if he says: ‘Sami’Allaahu liman Hamida’ then say: ‘Allaahumma Rabbana wa laka al-Hamd.’ Do not rise before him and if he makes Sajda, makeSajda.’

No. 3476

52- 728 – On the authority of Abdullaah bin Abu Qatada who said: My father came to visit while I was taking a Ghusl (bathing) for Friday. He asked was this Ghusl for Janaba (defilement) or for Jumu’ah (Friday)?

I said: for Janaba.

He said: Do another Ghusl. Indeed, I heard the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam saying: ‘Whoever makes Ghusl on Friday will be uponpurification until the next Friday.’

No. 2321

53 – 749 – On the authority of Abu Umamah al-Baahiliy who said that the Messenger of Allaah sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam said: ‘Whoever reads AyaatulKursi at the end of every prayer; nothing comes between him and entering Paradise except death.’

No. 972

The Virtue of the Adhaan & Reward For the Mu’adhdhins – Dawud Burbank

IBN MAAJAH reported in his “Sunan” [Book of the Adhaan & the Sunnah regarding it: Chapter 5: The virtue of the Adhaan, and the reward for the Mu·adhdhins]:

(no. 728): “Muhammad ibn Yahyaa narrated to us, and al-Hasan ibn `Alee al-Khallaal, both saying: `Abdullaah ibn Saalih narrated to us saying: Yahyaa ibn Ayyoob narrated to us: from Ibn Juraij: from Naafi`: from Ibn `Umar: that Allaah”s Messenger (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم):

<<Whoever gives the adhaan for twelve years then Paradise is binding for him, and sixty good deeds will be written for him each day, and for each iqaamah thirty good deeds.>>

-Shaykh al-Albaanee said: “Saheeh”

-Shaykh al-Albaanee brought it in “as-Saheehah” (no. 42) with the difference in wording: <<...and sixty good deeds will be written for him each time…>>, and he said:

“Reported by Ibn Maajah (no. 728), al-Haakim (1/205) – and from him by al-Bayhaqee (1/433), and Ibn `Adiyy (1/220), al-Baghawee in “Sharhus-Sunnah” (1/58/1-2), and ad-Diyaa· in “al-Muntaqaa min masmoo”aatihi bi Marw” (32/1) ….

al-Baghawee said: “”Abdullaah ibn Saalih, the scribe of al-Layth, was “sadooq”, except that some things deserving criticism occurred in his narrations of hadeeth”, therefore al-Boosayree said in “az-Zawaa·id” (q. 48/2): “Its isnaad is weak because of the weakness of `Abdullaah ibn Saalih.”

And the hadeeth has another weakness, and it is the “`an`anah” of Ibn Juraij, and al-Bayhaqee said after it: “And Yahyaa ibn al-Mutawakkil reported it from Ibn Juraij: from someone who narrated to him from Naafi`. al-Bukhaaree said: And this is more correct.”

I say: So it becomes clear that this chain of narration does not establish proof. However al-Haakim mentioned a witness for it, by way of Ibn Wahb: Ibn Lahee`ah related to me: from `Ubaydullaah ibn Abee Ja`far: from Naafi` – with it.

And this is a “Saheehisnaad: all its narrators are reliable; and even though there is speech concerning the memory of Ibn Lahee`ah, then this is only the case when the narrator from him is other than one of the `Abdullaahs – and Ibn Wahb is one of them …

So therefore the hadeeth becomes “Saheeh“, and all praise is for Allaah for His granting the successful attainment of correctness.

So this hadeeth becomes a clear virtue for the mu·adhdhin who is constant upon his adhaan for the aforementioned period, and it will not be hidden that this has the condition that the person gives the adhaan purely and sincerely seeking the Face of Allaah – the Most High, not seeking by means of it provision, nor doing it for show or repute, because of the many established proofs in the Book and the Sunnah which show that Allaah – the Most High – will not accept actions unless they are done purely and sincerely for Him.

Refer to the book of “ar-Riyaa.” (performing deeds for show) at the beginning of “at-Targheeb watTarheeb” of al-Mundhiree.

And it is established that a man came to Ibn “Umar and said: “I love you for Allaah”s sake.” He said: “”Then bear witness that I hate you for Allaah”s sake!”” He said: “Why?” He said: “”Because you sing in your adhaan and you take payment for it!!“”

– at-Tabaraanee reported it in “al-Mu”jamul-Kabeer” (12/264/13059) and others.

So what is truly a cause of sorrow is that this tremendous act of worship, and this visible sign of Islaam, has been turned away from by most scholars of the Muslims in our lands. So you will hardly see a single one of them giving adhaan in a mosque, except as Allaah wishes. Indeed they perhaps shy-away from performing it, whereas you may see them rushing for the position of imaam, indeed disputing over it!

So it is to Allaah that we raise our complaint about the strangeness of this time.””

Click the Below Link to read the PDF document:
The Virtue of the Adhaan & Reward For the Mu’adhdhins

Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank -rahimahullaah

Posted from : http://alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com/

Is the Adhan an obligation, and should we face the qiblah when performing it? – Dr Saleh as Saleh

Click the Below Link to read the PDF Document

Points of Benefit Regarding Adhaan – Dr Saleh as Saleh [PDF]

Listen / Download the Mp3 (Time 2:46)

Read the article Below:

All Praise is due to Allah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, and the noble companions and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Question:

Is the adhan an obligation, and should we face the qiblah when performing it?

Answer:

The legal meaning of adhan is I’laam (announcement). The Islamic meaning of it is to worship Allah (سُبْحَانَهُ وَ تَعَالَى) through a specific announcement, which involves specific remembrances at the time when salaah is due.

The adhan is a collective duty (fard kifaayah); this means that if it is done by someone, then this lifts the duty off the rest due to the hadeeth of Malik ibn al- Huwayrith who narrated that the Prophet (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

“…And when it is time for the prayer then one of you should pronounce the Adhaan (call) for the prayer…” [see Bukhari vol. 9. no. 352]

The evidence for its obligation upon men is the command of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) to perform it in several ahaadeeth and that he (صلى الله عليه وسلم) continued to do it while traveling as well as in residence. Therefore, the adhaan is a collective duty for those in residence, as well as the traveler.

The adhaan is not an obligation upon women. There is a difference of opinion whether it is permissible for women to perform it. One opinion is that is a Sunnah for them to do the iqamah when they gather for the congregation, without the adhaan, and that there may be a merit in it. This is the saying of our shaykh, Muhammad ibn Saalih al-Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah).

Some of the scholars of the past went with the opinion that women performing the adhaan is allowed and recommended, as in one narration from Imam Ahmad (rahimahullaah). In another report, he said: The iqamah is recommended without the adhan. It is also reported that Imam Ahmad disliked women doing them.

From the etiquettes of the adhaan is to face the qiblah because of the action of Bilal himself (radiya Allaahu ‘anhu) when he performed the adhaan. The report was declared hasan by Shaykh al-Albani due to supporting evidences in Irwaa’ul Ghaleel.

And Allaah, the Most High, knows best.
Saleh As-Saleh

Rulings on The Response to the Adhaan (Call for Salaah) – Dr Saleh as Saleh

Bismillaah

Umdat al-Ahkaam – Hadeeth No.63

All Praise is due to Allaah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, the noble companions, and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Abi Sa’eed al-Khudri (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) reported that the Messenger of Allaah (sallallaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said:

إِذَا سَمِعْتُمُ النِّدَاءَ فَقُولُوا مِثْلَ ما يَقُولُ الْمُؤَذِّنُ ‏

Whenever you hear the adhaan, say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying.” [01]

Benefit: Ruling Concerning Following the Statements of the Mu’adhdhin

The mu’adhdhin (caller) makes the adhaan for the five prescribed prayers and also on the day of jumu’ah; when he calls, he does so aloud making it inevitable that one must hear his voice in order to respond.

In this hadeeth, the instruction of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) “say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying” implies that every statement made by the mu’adhdhin should be repeated verbatim by those that hear it. This covers the entire adhaan excluding two statements, specifically the hayyalatan (i.e. “hayya ‘ala’-salaah” – come for salaah and “hayya ‘ala’-falaah” – come for success), for which the responder says “Laa hawla wa laa quwwata illa billaah” (There is no power or strength except with Allaah); this is the instruction of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) as recorded by Muslim in his Saheeh.[02] Therefore, for all other statements made by the mu’adhdhin, the responder repeats them exactly word for word.

Likewise, the responder must make all statements following the mu’adhdhin with his tongue; doing so with one’s heart is insufficient since the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) directed the responder to “say”, which in general entails utterance by the tongue.

Benefit: Types of Saying

“Saying” is of four types.

1) In the heart – There are no rulings from sharee’ah that depends on this. That is why there is no effect legally if someone recites the Qur’aan with his heart since it is not a saying. Similarly, if someone says in his heart that his wife is divorced, then this statement is not implemented as it has no effect.

Furthermore, if someone makes an oath not to speak to a specific person and says in his heart “In shaa Allaah”, then this exception is of no benefit to him, and if he talks to that person in the future, then he breaks his oath, which makes the expiation binding upon him.

2) To utter by one’s tongue and moving the lips

3) To make one’s self hear – There is a difference between the second and the third types of saying since a person may move his tongue without making himself hear.

4) To make others hear him – This is known as al-jahr (loudness)

If a person makes salaah without moving his lips, then this salaah is invalid since he did not actually “say” takbeeratul-ihraam, al-Fatiha, and the rest of the Qur’aan that he recites. However, it is not a condition that he makes himself hear.

Benefit: Following the Mu’adhdhin if you can See but not Hear Him

If you see the mu’adhdhin but you are unable to hear him, then you do not repeat after him as the condition is hearing him.

Benefit: General Principles When Following the Mu’adhdin

This hadeeth indicates that you follow the mu’adhdhin even if there is more than one caller. The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said, “Whenever you hear the adhaan.” Thus, if you hear multiple callers, then you follow them as this is remembrance. The scholars said that this is applicable as long as the person is not in salaah since the praying individual is not called. Similarly, if the person has already prayed, then the generality of the hadeeth implies that it is still applicable to him, making it appropriate that he responds.

Benefit: Wisdom of Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى)

When a person is responding to the adhaan, he is getting a share of the reward; therefore, Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) gives him a reward even if he is not establishing the worship. Therefore, Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) has enabled the believer to share in rewards through related matters.

Examples:

1) Although a person may not be making hajj, he is still able to attain specific rewards during that prescribed period. When the hujjaj (pilgrims) make the sacrifice, a person who is not performing hajj may also make a sacrifice.

2) It is known that during hajj, the pilgrims stay away from certain prohibited things while in ihraam. Likewise, it is prescribed that those who are not doing hajj but still intend to make a sacrifice not cut their hair, nails, etc.

3) In addition, it is legislated that those not performing hajj pray salaat al-‘Eid.

Benefit: Accompanying the Adhaan

The response must be said in a manner accompanying the adhaan

Benefit: Prerecorded Adhaan

A recording is simply relating and copying a voice. There is no legal effect to it so no response is required. However, if someone hears the adhaan being broadcast live, then he may follow it.

Example: A recording of qur’aan is played from a tape or over the radio, and the reciter comes to a point where sujood at-tilaawah is legislated. The listener does not make sujood as he is not sharing with the reciter in time.

Benefit: Mu’adhdhin Following Another Mu’adhdhin

If a caller completes the adhaan and hears other mu’adhdhineen (pl. of mu’adhdhin) making adhaan, then he may follow them because he falls under the general wording of the hadeeth.

Benefit: Following Multiple Callers

  • If someone hears a number of callers, then he follows whoever it is possible to follow, hear, and understand.
  • If multiple mu’adhdhineen are the same in this rank, then he follows the one ahead of the others.
  • If multiple mu’adhdineen are of the same rank and none is first, then he follows the caller at the masjid he intends to make salaah.

Benefit: Person in Salaah Following the Mu’adhdhin

The famous saying regarding this is that repeating after the caller can distract the musallee (i.e. person in salaah). The Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said:

“Verily, the mind is occupied and busy with more important matters during the salaah.” [03]

Shaykh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) held another opinion; he maintained that the person in salaah may respond because this response is remembrance whose cause existed in salaah. Similarly, he said it is permissible to say “al-hamdullillaah” if you sneeze or return the salaam because the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) responded to that while in salaah. However, when it comes to following the mu’adhdhin, consideration is required because the response to the adhaan is prolonged and is far longer than returning the salaam, which is simply responded to with the hand, finger, or head. Thus, it is precautionary not to respond.

Benefit: Responding While Answering the Call of Nature

Excluded from responding is the one that it is answering the call of nature. This is based on the hadeeth of the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم),

I do not like to remember Allaah except in a state of purity

Benefit: Mu’adhdhin Responding to Himself

Concerning the mu’adhdhin repeating after himself, there are two opinions.

1) He responds to himself in order to combine the reward of adhaan with the reward of responding.
2) What is apparent in the hadeeth is that there must be a hearer and someone else that is heard. As such, the mu’adhdhin would not respond to himself.

Benefit: Following the Iqaamah

What is apparent in this hadeeth is the following of the adhaan only. However, another opinion holds that the iqaamah is also referred to as an adhaan as in the hadeeth that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) said,

Between the adhaanayn (i.e. two adhaan), there is salaah” [04]

Some scholars have contended that since the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) referred to the iqaamah as adhaan, it is permissible to repeat after the muqeem (the one that performs the iqaamah). In addition, they took as evidence the hadeeth in Sunan Abu Dawood that the Prophet (صَلَّى اللّٰهُ عَلَيْهِ وَسَلَّم) commanded the people to also follow the iqaamah, but this hadeeth has weakness. However, following the muqeem could cause the person to delay making takbeeratul-ihraam and entering the salaah.

Benefit: Volume of the Response

The response in this hadeeth is in principle. There are no indications of a link between the essence of the remembrance and the description of the sound (loud or silent). Moreover, there is no benefit in being loud in the response.

Benefit: Missing Following Mu’adhdhin Due to a Legal Excuse

When someone has a legal excuse for being unable to follow the mu’adhdhin (e.g. answering the call of nature), then he may make up what he missed. Similarly, if someone first hears the mu’adhdhin during the middle of the adhaan, then he starts following from the beginning and completes the following with the mu’adhdhin.

Example: Someone first hears the mu’adhdhin at “hayya ‘ala’-salaah.” The person should start from the beginning at “Allaahu Akbar” until he catches up with the mu’adhdhin and then continue to follow him.

Benefit: Adhaan of a Child

With respect to the child that has reached the age of distinction, Shaykh al-Islaam ibn Taymiyyah (rahimahullaah) held the opinion that the adhaan which is collective duty is permissible from him but not the adhaan which is in individual duty.

I ask Allaah to make this a benefit for myself and for all those that read it and/or convey it. All Praise is due to Allaah, and may the salaah and salaam be on Prophet Muhammad, his household, the noble companions and those who follow them until the Day of Resurrection.

Saleh As-Saleh
15th of Dhul Qi’dah 1428 AH.
Corresponding to Dec 25th , 2007

Footnotes:

[01] Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (English translation vol. 1, hadeeth no. 585) and Malik’s Muwatta (English Translation book 3, hadeeth no 2)

[02] Hadeeth from ‘Umar bin al-Khattab (English Translation book 4, hadeeth 748).

[03] Reported in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (English translation vol. 5, hadeeth no. 215).

[04] Agreed upon. Reported from Abdullaah bin Mughaffal al-Muzani (radiyallaahu ‘anhu) in Saheeh al-Bukhaari (English translation vol. 1, hadeeth no. 597 & 600) and in Saheeh Muslim (English translation no. 1822, book 4).

Based upon the sharh (explanation) of Hadeeth No.63 from Umdat al-Ahkaam by our Shayekh Muhammad bin Saalih al-‘Uthaimeen (rahimahullaah) and More recently by our Shayekh Sh. (Dr.) Sami ibn Muhammad As-Sghair (hafidhahullaah) in his sharh of the Umdah in 1428 AH

Prepared by Saleh As-Saleh. Transcribed and first edited by Br. Abu Abdullaah al-Amreeki, Jazaahullaahu Khairan,from live duroos in Paltalk’s “Understanding Islam 1” room.Text further edited by sis Umm Ahmad al-Kanadiyyah, Jazaahaallaahu Khairan,and finally reviewed and checked by Saleh as-Saleh.

Click the Below Link to read the PDF document.
Rulings on The Response to the Adhaan – Dr Saleh as Saleh [PDF]

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/salah/adhan-call-to-prayer/

Undesirability of offering optional Prayer after the announcement ofIqamah

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 344
Undesirability of offering optional Prayer after the announcement of Iqamah

1759. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When the Iqamah is called, no prayer should be performed except the obligatory prayer.”
[Muslim].

The Excellence of Adhan

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 186
The Excellence of Adhan

1033. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “Were people to know the blessing of pronouncing Adhan and the standing in the first row, they would even draw lots to secure these privileges. And were they to realize the reward of performing Salat early, they would race for it; and were they to know the merits of Salat after nightfall (`Isha’) and the dawn (Fajr) Salat, they would come to them even if they had to crawl.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1034. Mu`awiyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “The Mu’adhdhinun (callers to prayer) will have the longest necks on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Muslim].

1035. `Abdullah bin `Abdur-Rahman reported: Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) said to me: “I see that you like living among your sheep in wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep or in wilderness and you want to call Adhan, you should raise your voice because whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human or jinn or any other creature, will testify for you on the Day of Resurrection.” Abu Sa`id added: “I heard this from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).”
[Al-Bukhari].

1036. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When Adhan for Salat is pronounced, the devil takes to his heels and breaks wind with noise so as not to hear the call. When the Adhan is finished, he returns. When the Iqamah is announced, he turns his back, and after it is finished, he returns again to distract the attention of one and makes him remember things which he does not recall in his mind before the Salat, and says `Remember this, and this,’ and thus causes one to forget how many Rak`at he performed.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1037. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “When you hear the Adhan, repeat what the Mu’adhdhin says. Then ask Allah to exalt my mention because everyone who does so will receive in return ten rewards from Allah. Then beseech Allah to grant me Al-Wasilah, which is a high rank in Jannah, fitting for only one of Allah’s slaves; and I hope that I will be that man. If any one asks Al-Wasilah for me, it becomes incumbent upon me to intercede for him.”
[Muslim]

1038. Abu Sa`id Al-Khudri (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “When you hear the Mu’adhdhin (pronouncing the call to Salat), repeat after him what he says.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1039. Jabir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who says upon hearing the Adhan: `Allahumma Rabba hadhihid-da`wati-ttammati, was-salatil-qa’imati, ati Muhammadanil-wasilata wal-fadhilata, wab`athu maqaman mahmuda nilladhi wa `adtahu [O Allah, Rubb of this perfect call (Da`wah) and of the established prayer (As-Salat), grant Muhammad the Wasilah and superiority, and raise him up to a praiseworthy position which You have promised him]’, it becomes incumbent upon me to intercede for him on the Day of Resurrection.”
[Al-Bukhari].

1040. Sa`d bin Abu Waqqas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who says after the Adhan: `Ash-hadu an la ilaha illallah Wah-dahu la sharika Lahu; wa ash-hadu anna Muhammadan `abduhu wa Rasuluhu, radhitu Billahi Rabban, wa bi Muhammadin Rasulan, wa bil Islami Dinan [I testify that there is no true god except Allah Alone; He has no partners and that Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) is His slave and Messenger; I am content with Allah as my Rubb, with Muhammad as my Messenger and with Islam as my Deen],’ his sins will be forgiven.
[Muslim].

1041. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “The supplication made between the Adhan and the Iqamah is never rejected.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

 

Sahih Bukhari : Book 11: Call to Prayers (Adhaan)

Translation of Sahih Bukhari, Book 11:

Call to Prayers (Adhaan)

Volume 1, Book 11, Number 577:

Narrated Anas:

The people mentioned the fire and the bell (they suggested those as signals to indicate the starting of prayers), and by that they mentioned the Jews and the Christians. Then Bilal was ordered to pronounce Adhan for the prayer by saying its wordings twice, and for the Iqama (the call for the actual standing for the prayers in rows) by saying its wordings once. (Iqama is pronounced when the people are ready for the prayer).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 578:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

When the Muslims arrived at Medina, they used to assemble for the prayer, and used to guess the time for it. During those days, the practice of Adhan for the prayers had not been introduced yet. Once they discussed this problem regarding the call for prayer. Some people suggested the use of a bell like the Christians, others proposed a trumpet like the horn used by the Jews, but ‘Umar was the first to suggest that a man should call (the people) for the prayer; so Allah’s Apostle ordered Bilal to get up and pronounce the Adhan for prayers.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 579:

Narrated Anas:

Bilal was ordered to repeat the wording of the Adhan for prayers twice, and to pronounce the wording of the Iqamas once except “Qad-qamat-is-Salat”.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 580:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

When the number of Muslims increased they discussed the question as to how to know the time for the prayer by some familiar means. Some suggested that a fire be lit (at the time of the prayer) and others put forward the proposal to ring the bell. Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of the Iqama once only.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 581:

Narrated Abu Qilaba:

Anas said, “Bilal was ordered to pronounce the wording of Adhan twice and of Iqama once only.” The sub narrator Isma’li said, “I mentioned that to Aiyub and he added (to that), “Except Iqama (i.e. Qad-Qamatis-Salat which should be said twice).”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 582:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “When the Adhan is pronounced Satan takes to his heels and passes wind with noise during his flight in order not to hear the Adhan. When the Adhan is completed he comes back and again takes to his heels when the Iqama is pronounced and after its completion he returns again till he whispers into the heart of the person (to divert his attention from his prayer) and makes him remember things which he does not recall to his mind before the prayer and that causes him to forget how much he has prayed.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 583:

Narrated ‘Abdul Rahman:

Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri told my father, “I see you liking sheep and the wilderness. So whenever you are with your sheep or in the wilderness and you want to pronounce Adhan for the prayer raise your voice in doing so, for whoever hears the Adhan, whether a human being, a jinn or any other creature, will be a witness for you on the Day of Resurrection.” Abu Said added, “I heard it (this narration) from Allah’s Apostle.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 584:

Narrated Humaid:

Anas bin Malik said, “Whenever the Prophet went out with us to fight (in Allah’s cause) against any nation, he never allowed us to attack till morning and he would wait and see: if he heard Adhan he would postpone the attack and if he did not hear Adhan he would attack them.”

Anas added, “We reached Khaibar at night and in the morning when he did not hear the Adhan for the prayer, he (the Prophet ) rode and I rode behind Abi Talha and my foot was touching that of the Prophet.

The inhabitants of Khaibar came out with their baskets and spades and when they saw the Prophet they shouted ‘Muhammad! By Allah, Muhammad and his army.’ When Allah’s Apostle saw them, he said, “Allahu-Akbar! Allahu-Akbar! Khaibar is ruined. Whenever we approach a (hostile) nation (to fight), then evil will be the morning of those who have been warned.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 585:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whenever you hear the Adhan, say what the Mu’adhdhin is saying.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 586:

Narrated ‘Isa bin Talha:

that he had heard Muawiya repeating the words of Adhan up to “Wa ash-hadu Anna Muhammadan Rasulul-lah (and I testify that Muhammad is Allah’s Apostle.)”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 587:

Narrated Yahya as above (586) and added:

“Some of my companions told me that Hisham had said, “When the Mu’adhdhin said, “Haiya alas-sala(t) (come for the prayer).” Muawiya said, “La hawla wala quwata illa billah (There is neither might nor any power except with Allah)” and added, “We heard your Prophet saying the same.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 588:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Whoever after listening to the Adhan says, ‘Allahumma Rabba hadhihi-d-da’ watit-tammati was-salatil qa’imati, ati Muhammadan al-wasilata wal-fadilata, wab’ athhu maqaman mahmudan-il-ladhi wa’ adtahu (O Allah! Lord of this perfect call (of not ascribing partners to You) and of the regular prayer which is going to be established! Kindly give Muhammad the right of intercession and superiority and send him (on the Day of Judgment) to the best and the highest place in Paradise which You promised him)’, then intercession for me will be permitted for him on the Day of Resurrection“).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 589:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in congregational prayers) and found no other way to get that except by drawing lots they would draw lots, and if they knew the reward of the Zuhr prayer (in the early moments of its stated time) they would race for it (go early) and if they knew the reward of ‘Isha’ and Fajr (morning) prayers in congregation, they would come to offer them even if they had to crawl.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 590:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Al-Harith:

Once on a rainy muddy day, Ibn ‘Abbas delivered a sermon in our presence and when the Mu’adhdhin pronounced the Adhan and said, “Haiya ala-s-sala(t) (come for the prayer)” Ibn ‘Abbas ordered him to say ‘Pray at your homes.’ The people began to look at each other (surprisingly). Ibn ‘Abbas said. “It was done by one who was much better than I (i.e. the Prophet or his Mu’adhdhin), and it is a license.’


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 591:

Narrated Salim bin Abdullah:

My father said that Allah s Apostle said, “Bilal pronounces ‘Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces Adhan.” Salim added, “He was a blind man who would not pronounce the Adhan unless he was told that the day had dawned.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 592:

Narrated Hafsa:

When the Muadh-dhin pronounced the Adhan for Fajr prayer and the dawn became evident the Prophet ordered a two Rakat light prayer (Sunna) before the Iqama of the compulsory (congregational) prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 593:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet used to offer two light Rakat between the Adhan and the Iqama of the Fajr prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 594:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so keep on eating and drinking (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 595:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mas’ud:

The Prophet said, “The Adhan pronounced by Bilal should not stop you from taking Suhur, for he pronounces the Adhan at night, so that the one offering the late night prayer (Tahajjud) from among you might hurry up and the sleeping from among you might wake up. It does not mean that dawn or morning has started.” Then he (the Prophet) pointed with his fingers and raised them up (towards the sky) and then lowered them (towards the earth) like this (Ibn Mas’ud imitated the gesture of the Prophet). Az-Zuhri gestured with his two index fingers which he put on each other and then stretched them to the right and left. These gestures illustrate the way real dawn appears. It spreads left and right horizontally. The dawn that appears in the high sky and lowers down is not the real dawn) .


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 596:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “Bilal pronounces the Adhan at night, so eat and drink (Suhur) till Ibn Um Maktum pronounces the Adhan.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 597:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal Al-Muzani:

Allah’s Apostle said thrice, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama),” and added, “For the one who wants to pray.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 598:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

“When the Mu’adhdhin pronounced the Adhan, some of the companions of the Prophet would proceed to the pillars of the mosque (for the prayer) till the Prophet arrived and in this way they used to pray two Rakat before the Maghrib prayer. There used to be a little time between the Adhan and the Iqama.” Shu’ba said, “There used to be a very short interval between the two (Adhan and Iqama).”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 599:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle used to pray two light Rakat before the morning (compulsory) prayer after the day dawned and the Mu’adhdhin had finished his Adhan. He then would lie on his right side till the Mu’adhdhin came to pronounce the Iqama.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 600:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Mughaffal:

The prophet said, “There is a prayer between the two Adhans (Adhan and Iqama), there is a prayer between the two Adhans.” And then while saying it the third time he added, “For the one who wants to (pray).”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 601:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairth:

I came to the Prophet with some men from my tribe and stayed with him for twenty nights. He was kind and merciful to us. When he realized our longing for our families, he said to us, “Go back and stay with your families and teach them the religion, and offer the prayer and one of you should pronounce the Adhan for the prayer when its time is due and the oldest one amongst you should lead the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 602:

Narrated Abu Dhar:

We were in the company of the Prophet on a journey and the Mu’adhdhin wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the (Zuhr) prayer. The Prophet said to him, “Let it become cooler.” Then he again wanted to pronounce the Adhan but the Prophet; said to him, “Let it become cooler.” The Mu’adh-dhin again wanted to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer but the Prophet said, “Let it become cooler,” till the shadows of the hillocks become equal to their sizes. The Prophet added, “The severity of the heat is from the raging of Hell.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 603:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairth:

Two men came to the Prophet with the intention of a journey. The Prophet said, “When (both of) you set out, pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the oldest of you should lead the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 604:

Narrated Malik:

We came to the Prophet and stayed with him for twenty days and nights. We were all young and of about the same age. The Prophet was very kind and merciful. When he realized our longing for our families, he asked about our homes and the people there and we told him. Then he asked us to go back to our families and stay with them and teach them (the religion) and to order them to do good things. He also mentioned some other things which I have (remembered or) forgotten. The Prophet then added, “Pray as you have seen me praying and when it is the time for the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 605:

Narrated Nafi:

Once in a cold night, Ibn ‘Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer at Dajnan (the name of a mountain) and then said, “Pray at your homes”, and informed us that Allah’s Apostle used to tell the Mu’adhdin to pronounce Adhan and say, “Pray at your homes” at the end of the Adhan on a rainy or a very cold night during the journey.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 606:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

My father said, “I saw Allah’s Apostle at a place called Al-Abtah. Bilal came and informed him about the prayer and then came out with an Anza and planted it in front of Allah’s Apostle at Al-Abtah and pronounced the Iqama.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 607:

Narrated ‘Aun bin Abi Juhaifa:

My father said, “I saw Bilal turning his face from side to side while pronouncing the Adhan for the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 608:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:

My father said, “While we were praying with the Prophet he heard the noise of some people. After the prayer he said, ‘What is the matter?’ They replied ‘We were hurrying for the prayer.’ He said, ‘Do not make haste for the prayer, and whenever you come for the prayer, you should come with calmness, and pray whatever you get (with the people) and complete the rest which you have missed.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 609:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “When you hear the Iqama, proceed to offer the prayer with calmness and solemnity and do not make haste. And pray whatever you are able to pray and complete whatever you have missed.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 610:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi Qatada:

My father said. “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the Iqama is pronounced then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you).’ “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 611:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Abi:

Qatada, My father said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the Iqama is pronounced, then do not stand for the prayer till you see me (in front of you) and do it calmly.’ “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 612:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle went out (of the mosque) when the Iqama had been pronounced and the rows straightened. The Prophet stood at his Musalla (praying place) and we waited for the Prophet to begin the prayer with Takbir. He left and asked us to remain in our places. We kept on standing till the Prophet returned and the water was trickling from his head for he had taken a bath (of Janaba).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 613:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Once iqama was pronounced and the people had straightened the rows, Allah’s Apostle went forward (to lead the prayer) but he was Junub, so he said, “Remain in your places.” And he went out, took a bath and returned with water trickling from his head. Then he led the prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 614:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

On the day of Al-Khandaq (the trench), ‘Umar bin Al-Khattab went to the Prophet and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! By Allah, I could not pray (the ‘Asr) till the sun had set.” ‘Umar told this to the Prophet at the time when a fasting person had done Iftar (taken his meals). The Prophet then went to Buthan and I was with him. He performed ablution and offered the ‘Asr prayer after the sun had set and then the Maghrib prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 615:

Narrated Anas:

Once the Iqama was pronounced and the Prophet was talking to a man (in a low voice) in a corner of the mosque and he did not lead the prayer till (some of) the people had slept (dozed in a sitting posture) .


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 616:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Once Iqama was pronounced a man came to the Prophet and detained him (from the prayer).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 617:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “By Him in Whose Hand my soul is I was about to order for collecting fire-wood (fuel) and then order Someone to pronounce the Adhan for the prayer and then order someone to lead the prayer then I would go from behind and burn the houses of men who did not present themselves for the (compulsory congregational) prayer. By Him, in Whose Hands my soul is, if anyone of them had known that he would get a bone covered with good meat or two (small) pieces of meat present in between two ribs, he would have turned up for the ‘Isha’ prayer.’


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 618:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Umar:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The prayer in congregation is twenty seven times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 619:

Narrated Abu Said Al-Khudri:

The Prophet said, “The prayer in congregation is twenty five times superior to the prayer offered by person alone.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 620:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The reward of the prayer offered by a person in congregation is twenty five times greater than that of the prayer offered in one’s house or in the market (alone). And this is because if he performs ablution and does it perfectly and then proceeds to the mosque with the sole intention of praying, then for every step he takes towards the mosque, he is upgraded one degree in reward and his one sin is taken off (crossed out) from his accounts (of deeds). When he offers his prayer, the angels keep on asking Allah’s Blessings and Allah’s forgiveness for him as long as he is (staying) at his Musalla. They say, ‘O Allah! Bestow Your blessings upon him, be Merciful and kind to him.’ And one is regarded in prayer as long as one is waiting for the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 621:

Narrated Abu Salama bin ‘Abdur Rahman:

Abu Huraira said, “I heard Allah’s Apostle saying, ‘The reward of a prayer in congregation is twenty five times greater than that of a prayer offered by a person alone. The angels of the night and the angels of the day gather at the time of Fajr prayer.’ ” Abu Huraira then added, “Recite the Holy Book if you wish, for “Indeed, the recitation of the Qur’an in the early dawn (Fajr prayer) is ever witnessed.” (17.18).

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Umar: The reward of the congregational prayer is twenty seven times greater (than that of the prayer offered by a person alone).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 622:

Narrated Salim:

I heard Um Ad-Darda’ saying, “Abu Ad-Darda’ entered the house in an angry mood. I said to him. ‘What makes you angry?’ He replied, ‘By Allah! I do not find the followers of Muhammad doing those good things (which they used to do before) except the offering of congregational prayer.” (This happened in the last days of Abu Ad-Darda’ during the rule of ‘Uthman) .


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 623:

Narrated Abu Musa:

The Prophet said, “The people who get tremendous reward for the prayer are those who are farthest away (from the mosque) and then those who are next farthest and so on. Similarly one who waits to pray with the Imam has greater reward than one who prays and goes to bed. “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 624:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “While a man was going on a way, he saw a thorny branch and removed it from the way and Allah became pleased by his action and forgave him for that.” Then the Prophet said, “Five are martyrs: One who dies of plague, one who dies of an abdominal disease, one who dies of drowning, one who is buried alive (and) dies and one who is killed in Allah’s cause.” (The Prophet further said, “If the people knew the reward for pronouncing the Adhan and for standing in the first row (in the congregational prayer) and found no other way to get it except by drawing lots they would do so, and if they knew the reward of offering the Zuhr prayer early (in its stated time), they would race for it and they knew the reward for ‘Isha’ and Fajr prayers in congregation, they would attend them even if they were to crawl’)


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 625:

Narrated Humaid:

Anas said, “The Prophet said, ‘O Bani Salima! Don’t you think that for every step of yours (that you take towards the mosque) there is a reward (while coming for prayer)?” Mujahid said: “Regarding Allah’s Statement: “We record that which they have sent before (them), and their traces” (36.12). ‘Their traces’ means ‘their steps.’ ” And Anas said that the people of Bani Salima wanted to shift to a place near the Prophet but Allah’s Apostle disliked the idea of leaving their houses uninhabited and said, “Don’t you think that you will get the reward for your footprints.” Mujahid said, “Their foot prints mean their foot steps and their going on foot.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 626:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “No prayer is harder for the hypocrites than the Fajr and the ‘Isha’ prayers and if they knew the reward for these prayers at their respective times, they would certainly present themselves (in the mosques) even if they had to c awl.” The Prophet added, “Certainly I decided to order the Mu’adh-dhin (call-maker) to pronounce Iqama and order a man to lead the prayer and then take a fire flame to burn all those who had not left their houses so far for the prayer along with their houses.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 627:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairith:

Prophet said (to two persons), “Whenever the prayer time becomes due, you should pronounce Adhan and then Iqama and the older of you should lead the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 628:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “The angels keep on asking for Allah’s Blessing and Forgiveness for anyone of you as long as he is at his Musalla (praying place) and does not do Hadath (passes wind). The angels say, ‘O Allah! Forgive him and be Merciful to him.’ Each one of you is in the prayer as long as he is waiting for the prayer and nothing but the prayer detains him from going to his family.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 629:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Allah will give shade, to seven, on the Day when there will be no shade but His. (These seven persons are) a just ruler, a youth who has been brought up in the worship of Allah (i.e. worships Allah sincerely from childhood), a man whose heart is attached to the mosques (i.e. to pray the compulsory prayers in the mosque in congregation), two persons who love each other only for Allah’s sake and they meet and part in Allah’s cause only, a man who refuses the call of a charming woman of noble birth for illicit intercourse with her and says: I am afraid of Allah, a man who gives charitable gifts so secretly that his left hand does not know what his right hand has given (i.e. nobody knows how much he has given in charity), and a person who remembers Allah in seclusion and his eyes are then flooded with tears.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 630:

Narrated Humaid:

Anas was asked, “Did Allah’s Apostle wear a ring?” He said, “Yes. Once he delayed the ‘Isha’ prayer till mid-night and after the prayer, he faced us and said, ‘The people prayed and have slept and you remained in prayer as long as you waited for it.’ ” Anas added, “As if I were just now observing the glitter of his ring.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 631:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Allah will prepare for him who goes to the mosque (every) morning and in the afternoon (for the congregational prayer) an honorable place in Paradise with good hospitality for (what he has done) every morning and afternoon goings.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 632:

Narrated Malik Ibn Buhaina:

Allah’s Apostle passed by a man praying two Rakat after the Iqama (had been pronounced). When Allah’s Apostle completed the prayer, the people gathered around him (the Prophet) or that man and Allah’s Apostle said to him (protesting), Are there four Rakat in Fajr prayer? Are there four Rakat in Fajr prayer?”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 633:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

“We were with ‘Aisha discussing the regularity of offering the prayer and dignifying it. She said, ‘When Allah’s Apostle fell sick with the fatal illness and when the time of prayer became due and Adhan was pronounced, he said, ‘Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.’ He was told that Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man and would not be able to lead the prayer in his place. The Prophet gave the same order again but he was given the same reply. He gave the order for the third time and said, ‘You (women) are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.’ So Abu Bakr came out to lead the prayer. In the meantime the condition of the Prophet improved a bit and he came out with the help of two men one on each side. As if I was observing his legs dragging on the ground owing to the disease. Abu Bakr wanted to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to remain at his place and the Prophet was brought till he sat beside Abu Bakr.” Al-A’mash was asked, “Was the Prophet praying and Abu Bakr following him, and were the people following Abu Bakr in that prayer?” Al-A’mash replied in the affirmative with a nod of his head. Abu Muawiya said, “The Prophet was sitting on the left side of Abu Bakr who was praying while standing.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 634:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

“When the Prophet became seriously ill and his disease became aggravated he asked for permission from his wives to be nursed in my house and he was allowed. He came out with the help of two men and his legs were dragging on the ground. He was between Al-Abbas and another man.”

‘Ubaid Ullah said, “I told Ibn ‘Abbas what ‘Aisha had narrated and he said, ‘Do you know who was the (second) man whose name ‘Aisha did not mention'” I said, ‘No.’ Ibn ‘Abbas said, ‘He was ‘Ali Ibn Abi Talib.’ “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 635:

Narrated Nafi’:

Once on a very cold and stormy night, Ibn ‘Umar pronounced the Adhan for the prayer and then said, “Pray in your homes.” He (Ibn ‘Umar) added. “On very cold and rainy nights Allah’s Apostle used to order the Mu’adhdhin to say, ‘Pray in your homes.’ “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 636:

Narrated Mahmuid bin Rabi’ Al-Ansari:

‘Itban bin Malik used to lead his people (tribe) in prayer and was a blind man, he said to Allah’s Apostle , “O Allah’s Apostle! At times it is dark and flood water is flowing (in the valley) and I am blind man, so please pray at a place in my house so that I can take it as a Musalla (praying place).” So Allah’s Apostle went to his house and said, “Where do you like me to pray?” ‘Itban pointed to a place in his house and Allah’s Apostle, offered the prayer there.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 637:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin Al-Harith:

Ibn Abbas addressed us on a (rainy and) muddy day and when the Mu’adh-dhin said, “Come for the prayer” Ibn ‘Abbas ordered him to say, “Pray in your homes.” The people began to look at one another with surprise as if they did not like it. Ibn ‘Abbas said, “It seems that you thought ill of it but no doubt it was done by one who was better than I (i.e. the Prophet). It (the prayer) is a strict order and I disliked to bring you out.”

Ibn ‘Abbas narrated the same as above but he said, “I did not like you to make you sinful (in refraining from coming to the mosque) and to come (to the mosque) covered with mud up to the knees.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 638:

Narrated Abu Sa’id Al-Khudri:

A cloud came and it rained till the roof started leaking and in those days the roof used to be of the branches of date-palms. Iqama was pronounced and I saw Allah’s Apostles prostrating in water and mud and even I saw the mark of mud on his forehead.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 639:

Narrated Anas bin Sirin:

I heard Anas saying, “A man from Ansar said to the Prophet, ‘I cannot pray with you (in congregation).’ He was a very fat man and he prepared a meal for the Prophet and invited him to his house. He spread out a mat for the Prophet, and washed one of its sides with water, and the Prophet prayed two Rakat on it.” A man from the family of Al-Jaruid asked, “Did the Prophet used to pray the Duha (forenoon) prayer?” Anas said, “I did not see him praying the Duha prayer except on that day.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 640:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet said, “If supper is served, and Iqama is pronounced one should start with the supper.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 641:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the supper is served start having it before praying the Maghrib prayer and do not be hasty in finishing it.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 642:

Narrated Nafi’:

Ibn ‘Umar said, “Allah’s Apostle said, ‘If the supper is served for anyone of you and the Iqama is pronounced, start with the supper and don’t be in haste (and carry on eating) till you finish it.” If food was served for Ibn ‘Umar and Iqama was pronounced, he never came to the prayer till he finished it (i.e. food) in spite of the fact that he heard the recitation (of the Qur’an) by the Imam (in the prayer). Narrated Ibn ‘Umar: The Prophet said, “If anyone of you is having his meals, he should not hurry up till he is; satisfied even if the prayer has been started.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 643:

Narrated Ja’far bin ‘Amr bin Umaiya:

My father said, “I saw Allah’s Apostle eating a piece of meat from the shoulder of a sheep and he was called for the prayer. He stood up, put down the knife and prayed but did not perform ablutilon.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 644:

Narrated Al-Aswad:

That he asked ‘Aisha “What did the Prophet use to do in his house?” She replied, “He used to keep himself busy serving his family and when it was the time for prayer he would go for it.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 645:

Narrated Aiyub:

Abu Qilaba said, “Malik bin Huwairith came to this Mosque of ours and said, ‘I pray in front of you and my aim is not to lead the prayer but to show you the way in which the Prophet used to pray.’ ” I asked Abu Qilaba,”How did he use to pray?’ ” He replied, “(The Prophet used to pray) like this Sheikh of ours and the Sheikh used to sit for a while after the prostration, before getting up after the first Rak’a. “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 646:

Narrated Abu Musa:

“The Prophet became sick and when his disease became aggravated, he said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.” ‘Aisha said, “He is a soft-hearted man and would not be able to lead the prayer in your place.” The Prophet said again, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.” She repeated the same reply but he said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer. You are the companions of Joseph.” So the messenger went to Abu Bakr (with that order) and he led the people in prayer in the lifetime of the Prophet.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 647:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

the mother of the believers: Allah’s Apostle in his illness said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in prayer.” I said to him, “If Abu Bakr stands in your place, the people would not hear him owing to his (excessive) weeping. So please order ‘Umar to lead the prayer.” ‘Aisha added I said to Hafsa, “Say to him: If Abu Bakr should lead the people in the prayer in your place, the people would not be able to hear him owing to his weeping; so please, order ‘Umar to lead the prayer.” Hafsa did so but Allah’s Apostle said, “Keep quiet! You are verily the Companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. ” Hafsa said to ‘Aisha, “I never got anything good from you.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 648:

Narrated Az-Zuhn:

Anas bin Malik Al-Ansari, told me, “Abu Bakr used to lead the people in prayer during the fatal illness of the Prophet till it was Monday. When the people aligned (in rows) for the prayer the Prophet lifted the curtain of his house and started looking at us and was standing at that time. His face was (glittering) like a page of the Qur’an and he smiled cheerfully. We were about to be put to trial for the pleasure of seeing the Prophet, Abu Bakr retreated to join the row as he thought that the Prophet would lead the prayer. The Prophet beckoned us to complete the prayer and he let the curtain fall. On the same day he died.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 649:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet did not come out for three days. The people stood for the prayer and Abu Bakr went ahead to lead the prayer. (In the meantime) the Prophet caught hold of the curtain and lifted it. When the face of the Prophet appeared we had never seen a scene more pleasing than the face of the Prophet as it appeared then. The Prophet beckoned to Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer and then let the curtain fall. We did not see him (again) till he died.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 650:

Narrated Hamza bin ‘Abdullah:

My father said, “When Allah’s Apostle became seriously ill, he was told about the prayer. He said, ‘Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.’ ‘Aisha said, ‘Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and he would be over-powered by his weeping if he recited the Qur’an.’ He said to them, ‘Tell him (Abu Bakr) to lead the prayer. The same reply was given to him. He said again, ‘Tell him to lead the prayer. You (women) are the companions of Joseph.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 651:

Narrated ‘Urwa’s father:

‘Aisha said, “Allah’s Apostle ordered Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer during his illness and so he led them in prayer.” ‘Urwa, a sub narrator, added, “Allah’s Apostle felt a bit relieved and came out and Abu Bakr was leading the people. When Abu Bakr saw the Prophet he retreated but the Prophet beckoned him to remain there. Allah’s Apostle sat beside Abu Bakr. Abu Bakr was following the prayer of Allah’s Apostle and the people were following the prayer of Abu Bakr.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 652:

Narrated Sahl bin Sa’d As-Sa’idi:

Allah’s Apostle went to establish peace among Bani ‘Amr bin ‘Auf. In the meantime the time of prayer was due and the Mu’adh-dhin went to Abu Bakr and said, “Will you lead the prayer, so that I may pronounce the Iqama?” Abu Bakr replied in the affirmative and led the prayer. Allah’s Apostle came while the people were still praying and he entered the rows of the praying people till he stood in the (first row). The people clapped their hands. Abu Bakr never glanced sideways in his prayer but when the people continued clapping, Abu Bakr looked and saw Allah’s Apostle. Allah’s Apostle beckoned him to stay at his place. Abu Bakr raised his hands and thanked Allah for that order of Allah’s Apostle and then he retreated till he reached the first row. Allah’s Apostle went forward and led the prayer. When Allah’s Apostle finished the prayer, he said, “O Abu Bakr! What prevented you from staying when I ordered you to do so?”

Abu Bakr replied, “How can Ibn Abi Quhafa (Abu Bakr) dare to lead the prayer in the presence of Allah’s Apostle?” Then Allah’s Apostle said, “Why did you clap so much? If something happens to anyone during his prayer he should say Subhan Allah. If he says so he will be attended to, for clapping is for women.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 653:

Narrated Malik bin Huwairth:

We went to the Prophet and we were all young men and stayed with him for about twenty nights. The Prophet was very merciful. He said, “When you return home, impart religious teachings to your families and tell them to offer perfectly such and such a prayer at such and such a time and such and such a prayer at such and such a time. And al the time of the prayer one of you should pronounce the Adhan and the oldest of you should lead the prayer.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 654:

Narrated Itban bin Malik Al-Ansari:

The Prophet (came to my house and) asked permission for entering and I allowed him. He asked, “Where do you like me to pray in your house?” I pointed to a place which I liked. He stood up for prayer and we aligned behind him and he finished the prayer with Taslim and we did the same.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 655:

Narrated ‘Ubaid-Ullah Ibn ‘Abdullah bin ‘Utba:

I went to ‘Aisha and asked her to describe to me the illness of Allah’s Apostle. ‘Aisha said, “Yes. The Prophet became seriously ill and asked whether the people had prayed. We replied, ‘No. O Allah’s Apostle! They are waiting for you.’ He added, ‘Put water for me in a trough.” ‘Aisha added, “We did so. He took a bath and tried to get up but fainted. When he recovered, he again asked whether the people had prayed. We said, ‘No, they are waiting for you. O Allah’s Apostle,’ He again said, ‘Put water in a trough for me.’ He sat down and took a bath and tried to get up but fainted again. Then he recovered and said, ‘Have the people prayed?’ We replied, ‘No, they are waiting for you. O Allah’s Apostle.’ He said, ‘Put water for me in the trough.’ Then he sat down and washed himself and tried to get up but he fainted. When he recovered, he asked, ‘Have the people prayed?’ We said, ‘No, they are waiting for you. O Allah’s Apostle! The people were in the mosque waiting for the Prophet for the ‘Isha prayer. The Prophet sent for Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. The messenger went to Abu Bakr and said, ‘Allah’s Apostle orders you to lead the people in the prayer.’ Abu Bakr was a soft-hearted man, so he asked ‘Umar to lead the prayer but ‘Umar replied, ‘You are more rightful.’ So Abu Bakr led the prayer in those days. When the Prophet felt a bit better, he came out for the Zuhr prayer with the help of two persons one of whom was Al-‘Abbas. while Abu Bakr was leading the people in the prayer. When Abu Bakr saw him he wanted to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him not to do so and asked them to make him sit beside Abu Bakr and they did so. Abu Bakr was following the Prophet (in the prayer) and the people were following Abu Bakr. The Prophet (prayed) sitting.”

‘Ubaid-Ullah added “I went to ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abbas and asked him, Shall I tell you what Aisha has told me about the fatal illness of the Prophet?’ Ibn ‘Abbas said, ‘Go ahead. I told him her narration and he did not deny anything of it but asked whether ‘Aisha told me the name of the second person (who helped the Prophet ) along with Al-Abbas. I said. ‘No.’ He said, ‘He was ‘Ali (Ibn Abi Talib).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 656:

Narrated Aisha:

the mother of the believers: Allah’s Apostle during his illness prayed at his house while sitting whereas some people prayed behind him standing. The Prophet beckoned them to sit down. On completion of the prayer, he said, ‘The Imam is to be followed: bow when he bows, raise up your heads (stand erect) when he raises his head and when he says, ‘Sami a-l-lahu liman-hamida ‘ (Allah heard those who sent praises to Him) say then ‘Rabbana wa laka-l-hamd’ (O our Lord! All the praises are for You), and if he prays sitting then pray sitting.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 657:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Once Allah’s Apostle rode a horse and fell down and the right side (of his body) was injured. He offered one of the prayers while sitting and we also prayed behind him sitting. When he completed the prayer, he said, “The Imam is to be followed. Pray standing if he prays standing and bow when he bows; rise when he rises; and if he says, ‘Sami a-l-lahu-liman hamida, say then, ‘Rabbana wa Lakal-hamd’ and pray standing if he prays standing and pray sitting (all of you) if he prays sitting.”

Humaid said: The saying of the Prophet “Pray sitting, if he (Imam) prays sitting” was said in his former illness (during his early life) but the Prophet prayed sitting afterwards (in the last illness) and the people were praying standing behind him and the Prophet did not order them to sit. We should follow the latest actions of the Prophet.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 658:

Narrated Al-Bara:

(and he was not a liar) When Allah’s Apostle said, “Sami a-l-lahu Liman hamida ” none of us bent his back (for prostrations) till the Prophet prostrated and then we would prostrate after him.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 659:

Narrated Abu Ishaq:

as above.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 660:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Isn’t he who raises his head before the Imam afraid that Allah may transform his head into that of a donkey or his figure (face) into that of a donkey?”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 661:

Narrated Ibn ‘Umar:

When the earliest emigrants came to Al-‘Usba a place in Quba’, before the arrival of the Prophet- Salim, the slave of Abu Hudhaifa, who knew the Qur’an more than the others used to lead them in prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 662:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Listen and obey (your chief) even if an Ethiopian whose head is like a raisin were made your chief.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 663:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If the Imam leads the prayer correctly then he and you will receive the rewards but if he makes a mistake (in the prayer) then you will receive the reward for the prayer and the sin will be his.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 664:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said to Abu-Dhar, “Listen and obey (your chief) even if he is an Ethiopian with a head like a raisin.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 665:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once I passed the night in the house of my aunt Maimuna. Allah’s Apostle offered the ‘Isha’ prayer and then came to the house and offered four Rakat an slept. Later on, he woke up and stood for the prayer and I stood on his left side. He drew me to his right and prayed five Rakat and then two. He then slept till I heard him snoring (or heard his breath sounds). Afterwards he went out for the morning prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 666:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

One night I slept at the house of (my aunt) Maimuna and the Prophet was there on that night. He performed ablution and stood up for the prayer. I joined him and stood on his left side but he drew me to his right and prayed thirteen Rakat and then slept till I heard his breath sounds. And whenever he slept, he used to breathe with audible sounds. The Mu’adhdhin came to the Prophet and he went out and prayed the morning prayer) without repeating the ablution.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 667:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

Once I passed the night in the house of my aunt Maimuna. The Prophet stood for the night prayer and I joined him and stood on his left side but he drew me to his right by holding me by the head.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 668:

Narrated Mu’adh bin Jabal:

I used to pray the ‘Isha prayer with the Prophet and then go to lead my people in the prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 669:

Narrated ‘Amr:

Jabir bin ‘Abdullah said, “Mu’adh bin Jabal used to pray with the Prophet and then go to lead his people in prayer Once he led the ‘Isha’ prayer and recited Surat “Al-Baqra.” Somebody left the prayer and Mu’adh criticized him. The news reached the Prophet and he said to Mu’adh, ‘You are putting the people to trial,’ and repeated it thrice (or said something similar) and ordered him to recite two medium Suras of Mufassal.” (‘Amr said that he had forgotten the names of those Suras).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 670:

Narrated Abu Mas’ud:

A man came and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! By Allah, I keep away from the morning prayer only because So and so prolongs the prayer when he leads us in it.” The narrator said, “I never saw Allah’s Apostle more furious in giving advice than he was at that time. He then said, “Some of you make people dislike good deeds (the prayer). So whoever among you leads the people in prayer should shorten it because among them are the weak, the old and the needy.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 671:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Allah’s Apostle said, “If anyone of you leads the people in the prayer, he should shorten it for amongst them are the weak, the sick and the old; and if anyone among your prays alone then he may prolong (the prayer) as much as he wishes. “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 672:

Narrated Abu Mas’ud:

A man came and said, “O Allah’s Apostle! I keep away from the morning prayer because so-and-so (Imam) prolongs it too much.” Allah’s Apostle became furious and I had never seen him more furious than he was on that day. The Prophet said, “O people! Some of you make others dislike the prayer, so whoever becomes an Imam he should shorten the prayer, as behind him are the weak, the old and the needy.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 673:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah Al-Ansari:

Once a man was driving two Nadihas (camels used for agricultural purposes) and night had fallen. He found Mu’adh praying so he made his camel kneel and joined Mu’adh in the prayer. The latter recited Surat ‘AlBaqara” or Surat “An-Nisa”, (so) the man left the prayer and went away. When he came to know that Mu’adh had criticized him, he went to the Prophet, and complained against Mu’adh. The Prophet said thrice, “O Mu’adh ! Are you putting the people to trial?” It would have been better if you had recited “Sabbih Isma Rabbika-l-a-la (87)”, Wash-Shamsi wadu-haha (91)”, or “Wal-laili Idha yaghsha (92)”, for the old, the weak and the needy pray behind you.” Jabir said that Mu’adh recited Sura Al-Baqara in the ‘Isha’ prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 674:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet used to pray a short prayer (in congregation) but used to offer it in a perfect manner.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 675:

Narrated ‘Abdullah bin ‘Abi Qatada:

My father said, “The Prophet said, ‘When I stand for prayer, I intend to prolong it but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut it short, as I dislike to trouble the child’s mother.’ “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 676:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

I never prayed behind any Imam a prayer lighter and more perfect than that behind the Prophet and he used to cut short the prayer whenever he heard the cries of a child lest he should put the child’s mother to trial.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 677:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said, “When I start the prayer I intend to prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of the child will incite its mother’s passions.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 678:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet, said, “Whenever I start the prayer I intend to prolong it, but on hearing the cries of a child, I cut short the prayer because I know that the cries of the child will incite its mother’s passions.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 679:

Narrated Jabir bin ‘Abdullah:

Mu’adh used to pray with the Prophet and then go and lead his people (tribe) in the prayer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 680:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

When the Prophet, became ill in his fatal illness, Someone came to inform him about the prayer, and the Prophet told him to tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer. I said, “Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands for the prayer in your place, he would weep and would not be able to recite the Qur’an.” The Prophet said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.” I said the same as before. He (repeated the same order and) on the third or the fourth time he said, “You are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the prayer.” So Abu Bakr led the prayer and meanwhile the Prophet felt better and came out with the help of two men; as if I see him just now dragging his feet on the ground. When Abu Bakr saw him, he tried to retreat but the Prophet beckoned him to carry on. Abu Bakr retreated a bit and the Prophet sat on his (left) side. Abu Bakr was repeating the Takbir (Allahu Akbar) of Allah’s Apostle for the people to hear.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 681:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

When Allah’s Apostle became seriously ill, Bilal came to him for the prayer. He said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” I said, “O Allah’s Apostle! Abu Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands in your place, he would not be able to make the people hear him. Will you order ‘Umar (to lead the prayer)?” The Prophet said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” Then I said to Hafsa, “Tell him, Abu i Bakr is a soft-hearted man and if he stands in his place, he would not be able to make the people hear him. Would you order ‘Umar to lead the prayer?’ ” Hafsa did so. The Prophet said, “Verily you are the companions of Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” So Abu- Bakr stood for the prayer. In the meantime Allah’s Apostle felt better and came out with the help of two persons and both of his legs were dragging on the ground till he entered the mosque. When Abu Bakr heard him coming, he tried to retreat but Allah’s Apostle beckoned him to carry on. The Prophet sat on his left side. Abu Bakr was praying while standing and Allah’s Apostle was leading the prayer while sitting. Abu Bakr was following the Prophet and the people were following Abu Bakr (in the prayer).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 682:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

Once Allah’s Apostle prayed two Rakat (instead of four) and finished his prayer. Dhu-l-yadain asked him whether the prayer had been reduced or whether he had forgotten. Allah’s Apostle asked the people whether Dhu-l-yadain was telling the truth. The people replied in the affirmative. Then Allah’s Apostle stood up, offered the remaining two Rakat and then finished his prayer with Taslim and then said, “Allahu Akbar.” He followed it with two prostrations like ordinary prostrations or a bit longer.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 683:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet prayed two Rakat of Zuhr prayer (instead of four) and he was told that he had prayed two Rakat only. Then he prayed two more Rakat and finished them with the Taslim followed by two prostrations.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 684:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

the mother of the faithful believers: Allah’s Apostle in his last illness said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” I said, “If Abu Bakr stood in your place, he would not be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping. So please order ‘Umar to lead the prayer.” He said, “Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” I said to Hafsa, “Say to him, ‘Abu Bakr is a softhearted man and if he stood in your place he would not be able to make the people hear him owing to his weeping. So order ‘Umar to lead the people in the prayer.’ ” Hafsa did so but Allah’s Apostle said, “Keep quiet. Verily you are the companions of (Prophet) Joseph. Tell Abu Bakr to lead the people in the prayer.” Hafsa said to me, “I never got any good from you.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 685:

Narrated An-Nu’man bin ‘Bashir:

The Prophet said, “Straighten your rows or Allah will alter your faces.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 686:

Narrated Anas:

The Prophet said, “Straighten your rows, for I see you from behind my back.’


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 687:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

Once the Iqama was pronounced and Allah’s Apostle faced us and said, “Straighten your rows and stand closer together, for I see you from behind my back.’


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 688:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “Martyrs are those who die because of drowning, plague, an abdominal disease, or of being buried alive by a falling building.” And then he added, “If the people knew the Reward for the Zuhr prayer in its early time, they would race for it. If they knew the reward for the ‘Isha’ and the Fajr prayers in congregation, they would join them even if they had to crawl. If they knew the reward for the first row, they would draw lots for it.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 689:

Narrated Abu Huraira:

The Prophet said, “The Imam is (appointed) to be followed. So do not differ from him, bow when he bows, and say, “Rabbana-lakal hamd” if he says “Sami’a-l-lahu Liman hamida”; and if he prostrates, prostrate (after him), and if he prays sitting, pray sitting all together, and straighten the rows for the prayer, as the straightening of the rows is amongst those things which make your prayer a correct and perfect one. (See Hadith No. 657).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 690:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said, “Straighten your rows as the straightening of rows is essential for a perfect and correct prayer. “


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 691:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

I arrived at Medina and was asked whether I found any change since the days of Allah’s Apostle. I said, “I have not found any change except that you do not stand in alignment in your prayers.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 692:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

The Prophet said, “Straighten your rows for I see you from behind my back.” Anas added, “Everyone of us used to put his shoulder with the shoulder of his companion and his foot with the foot of his companion.”


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 693:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

I prayed with the Prophet one night and stood on his left side. Allah’s Apostle caught hold of my head from behind and drew me to his right and then offered the prayer and slept. Later the Mu’adh-dhin came and the Prophet stood up for prayer without performing ablution.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 694:

Narrated Anas bin Malik:

One night an orphan and I offered the prayers behind the Prophet in my house and my mother (Um Sulaim) was standing behind us (by herself forming a row).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 695:

Narrated Ibn ‘Abbas:

One night I stood to the left of the Prophet in the prayer but he caught hold of me by the hand or by the shoulder (arm) till he made me stand on his right and beckoned with his hand (for me) to go from behind (him). (Al-Kashmaihani-Fateh al-Bari).


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 696:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

Allah’s Apostle used to pray in his room at night. As the wall of the room was LOW, the people saw him and some of them stood up to follow him in the prayer. In the morning they spread the news. The following night the Prophet stood for the prayer and the people followed him. This went on for two or three nights. Thereupon Allah’s Apostle did not stand for the prayer the following night, and did not come out. In the morning, the people asked him about it. He replied, that he way afraid that the night prayer might become compulsory.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 697:

Narrated ‘Aisha:

The Prophet had a mat which he used to spread during the day and use as a curtain at night. So a number of people gathered at night facing it and prayed behind him.


Volume 1, Book 11, Number 698:

Narrated Zaid bin Thabit:

Allah’s Apostle made a small room in the month of Ramadan (Sa’id said, “I think that Zaid bin Thabit said that it was made of a mat”) and he prayed there for a few nights, and so some of his companions prayed behind him. When he came to know about it, he kept on sitting. In the morning, he went out to them and said, “I have seen and understood what you did. You should pray in your houses, for the best prayer of a person is that which he prays in his house except the compulsory prayers.”


[ Index Page]

Fatwa : Athaan ( The Call to Prayer)

All the Fatawa below are from Permanent Committee and are in PDF format

Adhan and Iqamah

  1. Ruling on Adhan and Iqamah
  2. Uprghtness of a Muazin
  3. The Mu’adhin’s turning right and left when saying “Hay `ala Al-Salah” and “Hay `ala al-Falah”
  4. Adding the phrase “al-salatu khayrun min-al-nawm” to the Fajr Adhan
  5. Elongating voice while making the Adhan
  6. Making additions to the Adhan
  7. Missing some Adhan phrases
  8. Can a Mu’adhin be substituted when he cannot complete the Adhan?
  9. Making Adhan through loudspeakers
  10. Annoucing Adhan through a cassette recorder
  11. Making Adhan while being ritually pure
  12. Making Adhan inside or outside the Masjid
  13. Making Adhan without the Imam’s permission
  14. Making Adhan in the Masjids of the same neighborhood
  15. Is someone who has missed the congregational Salah required to make Adhan for praying individually?
  16. Making Iqamah without Adhan and missing some words of the Iqamah
  17. The ruling on Iqamah
  18. Making Adhan and Iqamah for the Tahajjud Prayer
  19. Making Adhan when the time is due
  20. Woman’s Adhan
  21. Repeating after the Mu’adhin and making Du`a’ after Adhan and Iqamah
  22. Repeating after the Mu’adhin and making Du`a’ between Adhan and Iqamah
  23. Bid`ahs related to Adhan
  24. Preconditions of Salah

Refutation of The Statement, “The First ‘Adhaan of Jumu’ah is A Bid’a” – Shaykh Saalih al-Fawzaan [Video|Ar-En Subtitles]

Video Courtesy: MuwahhideenPubs

A refutation of the statement that the first ‘adhaan of jumu’ah introduced by the third rightly guided caliph, ‘Uthmaan ibn Affaan (Radhi ‘Allahu ‘anhu), is a bida’ (religious innovation). The Shaykh mentions that this statement in itself is a bida’, and that who says this does not know the sunnah from bida’!

[Must Read] When A Man Is In A Barren Land – Great Reward

Salmaan al-Farsee-radiyallaahu `anhu– said: Allaah’s Messenger (peace be upon him) said:

When a man is in a barren land and the time for the Prayer comes then let him perform the wudoo·, and if he does not find any water then let him perform the tayyammum.

So if he gives the iqaamah his two Angels pray along with him; and

if he gives the adhaan and gives the iqaamah, then so many of Allaah’s army pray along with him that the two sides cannot be seen.

Reported by `Abdur-Razzaaq in his Musannaf, and by at-Tabaraanee; and Shaikh al-Albaanee declared it ‘Saheeh’ (authentic) in ‘Saheehut-Targheeb wat -Tarheeb’ of al-Mundhiree.

[Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood ibn Ronald Burbank rahimahullaah]
www.alitisaambissunnah.wordpress.com

Check for other Great Rewards – GreatRewards.wordpress.com

The woman’s Aameen, Adhaan and Iqaamah – Shaykh al-Albaani

Bismillaah

Q: “Does a woman raise her voice when saying ‘aameen’ during prayer, and does she also give the adhaan and iqaamah?”

Shaikh al-Albaani:

If she is praying with women, then yes she raises her voice when saying ‘aameen,’ but if she is praying with men who are not her mahram, then no. Because I do not say that the voice of a woman is `awrah, as many say, since the Mothers of the believers and the wives of the Companions from the early times used to speak and discuss with men. And oftentimes the woman would come to the Prophet ﷺ and ask him something in front of the men, and he ﷺ would answer her question.

But (here), it is not from the etiquette of a woman to raise her voice when reciting the Qur’aan. We are often asked if it is permissible for a woman – when she is learning the recitation from a Shaikh, a Muqri – to repeat the recitation to him so that he may correct her. The answer is no. Although she learns, her learning is restricted to listening only, like the women of all the Companions learned from the Messenger of Allaah ﷺ by listening to his recitation during prayer or outside of prayer.

If a woman prays with women while she is the imaam, she raises her voice and the women behind her also raise their voices. That is due to his ﷺ statement: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men[1] i.e. every ruling in which the men are being addressed, the women are also included in this address, except that which is made an exception. For example, it is best for a woman, in other than the taraaweeh prayer – please pay attention – in other than the taraaweeh prayer, to pray in her house, whereas it is obligatory upon a man to pray the five prayers in the masjid with the congregation. So here, the woman is not like the man. But the fundamental principle is as he ﷺ said: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’

So if a woman leads women in prayer as an imaam, she does just as a man would do as an imaam.

Firstly: she raises her voice when reciting and when saying ‘aameen,’ and the women behind her also raise their voices when saying ‘aameen.’

Secondly: not only does the woman lead women in prayer as an imaam, indeed she gives the adhaan and iqaamah too. Why? Because of the previous hadeeth: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’ Moreover, Aa.ishah – the Mother of the believers and the foremost of the Mothers of the believers in fiqh, knowledge and da`wah, may Allaah bless her and her father – used to give theadhaan and iqaamah when she led women in prayer as an imaam.

And here I would like to draw your attention to something that wasn’t asked about: the woman here is also different from the man as she does not step up before the women’s row, but rather she stands in the middle as if she is one of those in the row. She does not step up before them. There is text regarding this also, and thus a woman in this case is not included in the generality of his ﷺ statement: ‘Indeed women are the counterparts of men.’”


[1] Silsilat ul-Ahaadeeth is-Saheehah 2863

[silsilat ul-hudaa wa nnoor  697/3 / asaheeha translations]