Ruling about life and property insurance
Question: What is the ruling on Insurance, wether it be life insurance or property insurance?
Insuring one's life and property is forbidden; it is not permissible due to the fact that Al-Gharar (Uncertainty, Risk or Speculation) and usury are involved therein. And Allah - the Almighty the All-Powerful - has forbidden all types of dealings that involver usury and dealings in which there is Al-Gharar (Uncertainty, Risk or Speculation), as a mercy for the (muslim) community and a protection for them for what is harmful to them. Allah - Most Glorified, Most High says:
"wheras Allah has permitted trading and forbidden riba" (usury). Al-Baqarah 2:275
And it has been authentically reported from the Messenger of Allah (sallAllaahu 'alayhi wa sallam) that he forbade selling AL-Gharar. And Allah is the granter of success.
Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Bin Baz
Fatawa Islamiyah, volume 5 / page 19