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Is the Prophet (Sallallaahu Alaihi Wa sallam) alive in his Grave?
The answer to this question is:
Our Prophet Mohammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) is alive in his grave living the life of barzakh (in Arabic) which is the barrier life, between this life of this world and the next one in the hereafter enjoying all the grace of Allah (سبحانه و تعالى) bestowed upon him as a reward. This type of barzakh life is a medium one between this one and hereafter. His sole is not returned to him such that he lives the life of this world and not connected to him anyway which would make him a life like the life in the hereafter. But rather a medium life of barzakh. And from this way for it is known that he died (صلى الله عليه وسلم) as others died before him from the Prophets and others except for Jesus (عليه السلام), where he Jesus will be sent before the end of time then after that he will die the death we know. Qaala Allaahu ta a’ala [Allaah سبحانه و تعالىsaid] in Soorathul Anbiya 21:34
وَمَا جَعَلۡنَا لِبَشَرٍ۬ مِّن قَبۡلِكَ ٱلۡخُلۡدَۖ أَفَإِيْن مِّتَّ فَهُمُ ٱلۡخَـٰلِدُونَ
And We granted not to any human being immortality before you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم), then if you die, would they live forever?
and Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) also said the Sooratur-Rahman verse 26 & 27
كُلُّ مَنۡ عَلَيۡہَا فَانٍ۬
وَيَبۡقَىٰ وَجۡهُ رَبِّكَ ذُو ٱلۡجَلَـٰلِ وَٱلۡإِكۡرَامِ
Whatsoever is on it (the earth) will perish. And the Face of your Lord full of Majesty and Honour will remain forever.
And He Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) the one free of all imperfections, the most high said, in soorathul Zumar (39:30)
إِنَّكَ مَيِّتٌ۬ وَإِنَّہُم مَّيِّتُونَ
Verily, you (O Muhammad صلى الله عليه وسلم) will die and verily, they (too) will die
and the like of the verses indicating that Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) told them to die. And because the companions washed him (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and performed the funeral prayer upon him. And they buried. Had he been living the life of this world, they wouldn’t have done to him what they did like what is done with any deceased. And also because Fatima his daughter, may Allah be pleased with her, sought the inheritance of her father because she believed that he died and no one of the companions agreed with her belief and Abu Bakr responded to her that the Prophets are not to be inherited. Rather they have there is no inheritance from them. They are not inherited. And because also companions, may Allaah be pleased with them ,gather to choose a Khaleefa some one to succeed the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) and that is done by choosing of AbuBakar ( رضي الله عنه) and has the Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم) been alive the life we know all, they wouldn’t have done that. so, in this therefore there is consensus that he died.
And that the fitan and the problems and the afflictions which increased during the time of Uthmaan, may Allaah be pleased with him, and even before and after him the companions did not go to his grave consulting with him or asking him as to the way out from these problems, afflictions and tribulations. And have he been alive the life of this world, he wouldn’t have left it while they were in need to be saved from these afflictions.
so all these evidences stand to prove that this special life of the barzakh is for our prophet the other prophets except Jesus and the others who die and it does not resemble the life of this world nor that of the hereafter and therefore from this we know the wrong committed by many people who go and travel to the grave of the Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم) seeking him and calling him thinking that he is alive and he responds to their requests as if he was in this life where they use to go him to the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) asking him to invoke Allaah for them at the time of the companions.
May Allaah (سبحانه و تعالى) guide us to the true path of the Prophet (صلى الله عليه وسلم) which he was upon and his companions were upon, the path of the righteous predecessors. May Allaah save us from all afflictions and innovations.
- FAQ and Clarification of Misconceptions Concerning Prophet Muhammad (صلى الله عليه وسلم)