The Second: Shirk (Shirk of Fear)
It is that the slave fears someone other than Allaah, such as the Jinn, a dead person or other than that, as he fears Allaah or greater.
Allaah (ta’laa) says:
Have you not seen those who were told to hold back their hands (from fighting) and perform As-Salât (IqâmatasSalât), and give Zakât, but when the fighting was ordained for them, behold! a section of them fear men as they fear Allâh or even more. (An-Nisa 4:77)
It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad SAW)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers. (Aali Imran 3:175)
And our Lord (subhaana wa ta’laa) says:
Therefore fear not men but fear Me . (Al-Ma’idah 5:44)
Explanation Of The Text By Shaykh Al-Wasaabee:
Explaining the verse in Sooratun-Nisaa’ (4:77), the shaykh mentioned that this verse was revealed concerning a group of Companions, who while they were in Makkah, were weak and oppressed in the land, and were not able to defend themselves and to fight in the path of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa). And then the Prophet (peace be upon him ) and His Companions were ordered to make Hijrah to Madeenah. And after they had made Hijrah, Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa) ordered them to fight the kuffaar. And when this order came to them from Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa), a group of them fell into association with Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa) by fearing the people like they fear Allaah, or greater than they fear Allaah.
So it is not befitting for the creation of Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa) to fear those who are like them, those who are also created. Those who are created from dust and clay, and those who are going to return to being clay.
And Ibn Rajb (rahimahullaah) said that this is not permissible, and that it is not befitting for the people to fear the creation as they fear Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa). How can they fear the creation when they have been created from clay, and from dust, and verily they are to return back to it. And they are only to fear Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa), who is the King and Owner of everything.
Explaining the verse in Soorah Aali Imraan (3:175), the shaykh highlighted the context in which this verse was revealed by mentioning the two verses that precede this verse.
Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa) says:
Those (i.e. believers) unto whom the people (hypocrites) said, “Verily, the people (pagans) have gathered against you (a great army), therefore, fear them.” But it (only) increased them in Faith, and they said: “Allâh (Alone) is Sufficient for us, and He is the Best Disposer of affairs (for us).” (Aali Imran 3:173)
So they returned with Grace and Bounty from Allâh. No harm touched them; and they followed the good Pleasure of Allâh. And Allâh is the Owner of Great Bounty. (Aali Imran 3:174)
It is only Shaitân (Satan) that suggests to you the fear of his Auliyâ’ [supporters and friends (polytheists, disbelievers in the Oneness of Allâh and in His Messenger, Muhammad (Peace be upon him)], so fear them not, but fear Me, if you are (true) believers. (Aali Imran 3:175)
So this verse informs us that the shaytaan tries to push the people to fear his allies. And Shaykh Ahmed mentioned that Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa) is more entitled to be feared of, as He is the One who has created us, and has brought us from nothing in existence.
Explaining the verse is Sooratul-Maa’idah (5:44), the shaykh mentioned again that it is not befitting for someone to fear the people as one fears Allaah (subhaana wa ta’laa).
Posted from: Class 25 of ‘al-Qawl-ul- Mufeed Fee Adillatit-Tawhid’ [Beneficial Speech in Establishing the Evidences of Tawhid] – Shaykh Muhammad al-Wasabi