Unlawfulness of Oppression and Restoring Others Rights

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 26
Unlawfulness of Oppression and Restoring Others Rights

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“There will be no friend, nor an intercessor for the Zalimun (polytheists and the wrongdoers), who could be given heed to.” (40:18)

“And for the Zalimun (wrongdoers, polytheists and disbelievers in the Oneness of Allah) there is no helper.” (22:71)

203. Jabir bin `Abdullah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Beware of injustice, for oppression will be darkness on the Day of Resurrection; and beware of stinginess because it doomed those who were before you. It incited them to shed blood and treat the unlawful as lawful.”
[Muslim]

204. Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “On the Resurrection Day, the rights will be paid to those to whom they are due so much so that a hornless sheep will be retaliated for by punishing the horned sheep which broke its horns”.
[Muslim].

205. Ibn `Umar (May Allah bepleased with them) reported: We were talking about the Farewell Pilgrimage without knowing what was it when Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) was also present. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) stood up and recited the Praise and Glorification of Allah. He then gave a detailed account of Ad-Dajjal and said, ‘Every Prophet sent by Allah had warned his people against his mischief. Nuh (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) )warned his nation and so did all the Prophets after him. If he (i.e., Ad-Dajjal) appears among you, his condition will not remain hidden from you. Your Rubb is not one-eyed, but Ad-Dajjal is. His right eye is protruding like a swollen grape. Listen, Allah has made your blood, and your properties as inviolable as of this day of yours (i.e., the Day of Sacrifice), in this city of yours (i.e., Makkah), in this month of yours (i.e., Dhul -Hijjah). Listen, have I conveyed Allah’s Message to you?’‘ The people replied in affirmative. There upon he said, “O Allah, bear witness.” And he repeated it thrice. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) concluded: “Do not revert after me as infidels killing one another”.
[Al-Bukhari].

206. `Aishah (May Allah bepleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whoever usurps unlawfully even a hand span of land a collar measuring seven times (this) land will be placed around his neck on the Day of Resurrection”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

207.  Abu Musa (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily, Allah gives respite to the oppressor. But when He seizes him, He does not let him escape.” Then he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) recited, “Such is the Seizure of your Rubb when He seizes the (population of) towns while they are doing wrong. Verily, His Seizure is painful (and) severe”. (11:102).
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

208. Mu`adh (May Allah bepleased with him) reported that Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) sent me (as a governor of Yemen) and instructed me thus: “You will go to the people of the Book. First call them to testify that `there is no true god except Allah, that I am (Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) the Messenger of Allah.’ If they obey you, tell them that Allah has enjoined upon them five Salat (prayers) during the day and night; and if they obey you, inform them that Allah has made Zakat obligatory upon them; that it should be collected from their rich and distributed among their poor; and if they obey you refrain from picking up (as a share of Zakat) the best of their wealth. Beware of the supplication of the oppressed, for there is no barrier  between it and Allah”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

209. Abu Humaid bin Sa`d As-Sa`idi (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) employed a man from the tribe of Al-Azd named Ibn Lutbiyyah as collector of Zakat. When the employee returned (with the collections) he said: “(O Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)!) This is for you and this is mine because it was presented to me as gift.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) rose to the pulpit and praised Allah and extolled Him. Then he said, “I employ a man to do a job and he comes and says: `This is for you and this has been presented to me as gift’? Why did he not remain in the house of his father or the house of his mother and see whether gifts will be given to him or not? By Allah in Whose Hand is the life of Muhammad, if any one of you took anything wrongfully, he will bring it on the Day of Resurrection, carrying it on (his back), I will not recognize anyone of you, on the Day of Resurrection with a grunting camel, or a bellowing cow, or a bleating ewe.” Then he raised his hands till we could see the whiteness of his armpits. Then he said thrice, “O Allah ! have I conveyed (Your Commandments)”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

210. Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who has done a wrong affecting his brother’s honour or anything else, let him ask his forgiveness today before the time (i.e., the Day of Resurrection) when he will have neither a dinar nor a dirham. If he has done some good deeds, a portion equal to his wrong doings will be subtracted from them; but if he has no good deeds, he will be burdened with the evil deeds of the one he had wronged in the same proportion”.
[Al-Bukhari].

211. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah bepleased with them) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A Muslim is the one from whose tongue and hands the Muslims are safe; and a Muhajir (Emigrant) is the one who refrains from what Allah has forbidden”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

212. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`as (May Allah bepleased with them) reported: A man named Kirkirah, who was in charge of the personal effects of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) passed away and the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He is in the (Hell) Fire.” Some people went to his house looking for its cause and found there a cloak that he had stolen. [Al-Bukhari]

213. Abu Bakrah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Time has completed its cycle and has come to the state of the day when Allah created the heavens and the earth. The year consists of twelve months of which four are inviolable; three of them consecutive – Dhul-Qa`dah, Dhul-Hijjah and Muharram and Rajab, the month of Mudar (tribe), which comes between Jumada and Sha`ban. What month is this?” We said, “Allah and His Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) know better”. The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) remained silent for some time until we thought that he would give it a name other than its real name. Then asked, “Is it not (the month of) Dhul-Hijjah?”. We replied in the affirmative. He asked, “Which city is this?”. We replied: “Allah and His Messenger know better”. He remained silent until we thought that he would give it another name. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Is it not Al-Baldah (Makkah)?” We said: “Yes”. He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “What day is this?”. We said: “Allah and His Messenger know better.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) remained silent until we thought that he would give it another name. He asked, “Is it not the day of An-Nahr (the sacrifice)?”. We replied in the affirmative. Thereupon he said, “Your blood, your property and your honour are inviolable to you all like the inviolablity of this day of yours, in this city of yours and in this month of yours. You will soon meet your Rubb and He will ask you about your deeds. So do not turn to disbelief after me by striking the necks of one another. Behold! Let him who is present here convey (this message ) to him who is absent; for many a person to whom a message is conveyed has more retentive memory than the one who hears it.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) again said, “Have I conveyed the message to you? Behold! Have I conveyed the Commandments (of Allah) to you.” We submitted: “Yes”. He then said, “O Allah, bear witness (to this)”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

214. Abu Umamah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Allah decrees the (Hell) Fire and debars Jannah for the one who usurps the rights of a believer by taking a false oath.” One man asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Even if it should be for an insignificant thing?” He said, “Even if it be a stick of the Arak tree (i.e., the tree from which Miswak sticks are taken)”.
[Muslim].

215. `Adi bin `Umairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whosoever among you is appointed by us to a position and he conceals from us even a needle or less, it will amount to misappropriation and he will be called upon to restore it on the Day of Resurrection”. (`Adi bin `Umairah added:) A black man from the Ansar stood up – I can see him still – and said: “O Messenger of Allah, take back from me your assignment.” He (the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) said, “What has happened to you?” The man replied: “I have heard you saying such and such.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “I say that even now: Whosoever from you is appointed by us to a position, he should render an account of everything, big or small, and whatever he is given therefrom, he should take and he should desist from taking what is unlawful”.
[Muslim].

216.  `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: On the day (of the battle) of Khaibar, some Companions of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) came and remarked: “So-and-so is a martyr and so-and-so is a martyr”. When they came to a man about whom they said: “So-and-so is a martyr,” the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) declared, “No. I have seen him in Hell for a mantle (or cloak) which he has stolen”.
[Muslim].

217. Abu Qatadah Al-Harith bin Rib`i (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Faith in Allah and striving in His Cause (Jihad) are the deeds of highest merit.” A man stood up said: “O Messenger of Allah! Tell me if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, will all my sins be forgiven?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “Yes, if you are killed in the Cause of Allah while you are patient, hopeful of your reward and marching forward not retreating.” Then the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to him, “Repeat what you have said.” The man said: “Tell me if I am killed in the Cause of Allah, will all my sins be remitted?”. He replied, “Yes, if you are martyred while you are patient, hopeful of your reward and march forward without retreating, unless, if you owe any debt, that will not be remitted. Angel Jibril told me that”.
[Muslim].

218. Abu Hurairah (May Allah bepleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Do you know who is the bankrupt?” They said: “The bankrupt among us is one who has neither money with him nor any property”. He said, “The real bankrupt of my Ummah would be he who would come on the Day of Resurrection with Salat, Saum and Sadaqah (charity), (but he will find himself bankrupt on that day as he will have exhausted the good deeds) because he reviled others, brought calumny against others, unlawfully devoured the wealth of others, shed the blood of others and beat others; so his good deeds would be credited to the account of those (who suffered at his hand). If his good deeds fall short to clear the account, their sins would be entered in his account and he would be thrown in the (Hell) Fire”.
[Muslim].

219. Umm Salamah (May Allah bepleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Verily, I am only a human and the claimants bring to me (their disputes); perhaps some of them are more eloquent than others. I judge according to what I hear from them). So, he whom I, by my judgment, (give the undue share) out of the right of a Muslim, I in fact give him a portion of (Hell) Fire”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

220. Ibn `Umar (May Allah bepleased with them) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “A believer continues to guard his Faith (and thus hopes for Allah’s Mercy) so long as he does not shed blood unjustly”.
[Al-Bukhari].

221.  Khaulah bint `Thamir (May Allah bepleased with her) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Many people misappropriate (acquire wrongfully) Allah’s Property (meaning Muslims’ property). These people will be cast in Hell on the Day of Resurrection”.
[Al-Bukhari].