Excellence of Weeping out of Fear from Allah

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 54
Excellence of Weeping out of Fear from Allah (Azza wa Jal)

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And they fall down on their faces weeping and it increases their humility.” (17:109)

“Do you then wonder at this recitation (the Qur’an)? And you laugh at it and weep not”. (53:59-60)

446. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to me: “Recite the Qur’an to me”. I said, “O Messenger of Allah! Shall I recite the Qur’an to you, when it has been revealed to you?” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “I love to hear it recited by others”. So I recited to him a portion from Surat An-Nisa’. When I reached the Ayah:

“How (will it be) then, when We bring from each nation a witness and We bring you (O Muhammad (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)) as a witness against these people?”. (4:41)

He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Enough for now”. When I looked at him I saw his eyes were shedding tears.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

447. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) delivered a Khutbah to us the like of which I had never heard from him before. In the course of the Khutbah, he said: “If you knew what I know, you would laugh little and weep much”. Thereupon those present covered their faces and began to sob.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

448. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “One who weeps out of fear of Allah, will not enter the Hell till milk returns back in the udder; and the dust raised on account of fighting in the path of Allah and the smoke of Hell will never exist together”.
[At-Tirmidhi].

449. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Seven people Allah will give them His Shade on the Day when there would be no shade but the Shade of His Throne (i.e., on the Day of  Resurrection): And they are: a just ruler; a youth who grew up with the worship of Allah; a person whose heart is attached to the mosques, two men who love and meet each other and depart from each other for the sake of Allah; a man whom an extremely beautiful woman seduces (for illicit relation), but he (rejects this offer and) says: `I fear Allah’; a man who gives in charity and conceals it (to such an extent) that the left hand does not know what the right has given; and a man who remembers Allah in solitude and his eyes become tearful”.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

450. `Abdullah bin Ash-Shikhkhir (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I came to Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) when he was performing prayers. He was sobbing and his chest sounded like a boiling kettle.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

451. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to Ubayy bin Ka`b (May Allah be pleased with him), “Allah (SWT) has ordered me to recite to you Surat-Al-Baiyyinah (98): `Those who disbelieve …”

Ubayy (May Allah be pleased with him) asked, “Did He name me?” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied in the affirmative. Whereupon Ubayy (May Allah be pleased with him) began to weep.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

452. Anas bin Malik (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: After the death of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), Abu Bakr said to `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them): “Let us visit Umm Aiman (May Allah be pleased with him) as Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to visit her.” As we came to her, she wept. They (Abu Bakr and `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said to her, “What makes you weep? Do you not know that what Allah has in store for His Messenger (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) is better than (this worldly life)?” She said, “I weep not because I am ignorant of the fact that what is in store for Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) (in the Hereafter) is better than this world, but I weep because the Revelation has ceased to come.” This reply moved both of them to tears and they began to weep along with her.
[Muslim].

453. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: When the illness of Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) became serious, he was asked about the leading of Salat  and he said, “Ask Abu Bakr to lead Salat.” Whereupon, `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said; “Abu Bakr is very tender hearted. He is bound to be overcome by weeping when he recites the Qur’an.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) repeated, “Ask him (Abu Bakr) to lead Salat”.

In another narration: `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: “When Abu Bakr stands in your place, he will not be able to recite the Noble Qur’an to the people on account of weeping.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

454. Ibrahim bin `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf  reported: Food was brought to `Abdur-Rahman bin `Auf (May Allah be pleased with him) when he was observing Saum (fast) and he said: “Mus`ab bin `Umair (May Allah be pleased with him) was martyred and he was better than me, but only one sheet was available to shroud him. It was so small that when his head was covered; his feet remained uncovered and if his feet were covered, his head remained uncovered. Then the bounties of this world have been bestowed upon us generously. I am afraid that the reward of our good deeds have been awarded to us in this world.” On this he began to sob and left the food untouched.
[Al-Bukhari].

455. Abu Umamah Sudaiy bin `Ajlan Al-Bahili (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “Nothing is dearer to Allah than two drops and two marks: A drop of tears shed out of fear of Allah and a drop of blood shed in Allah’s way. Regarding the two marks, they are: Marks left in the Cause of Allah and a mark left in observing one of the obligatory act of worship of Allah, the Exalted”.
[At-Tirmidhi].

456. Al-`Irbad bin Sariyah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: One day Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) delivered us a very eloquent Khutbah on account of which eyes shed tears and hearts became softened.
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].