Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey orother Things

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 96
Bidding Farewell and Advising on the Eve of Departure for a Journey or other
Things

Allah, the Exalted, says:

“And this (submission to Allah, Islam) was enjoined by Ibrahim (Abraham) upon his sons and by Ya`qub (Jacob) (saying), `O my sons! Allah has chosen for you the (true) religion, then die not except in the Faith of Islam (as Muslims – Islamic Monotheism).’ Or were you witnesses when death approached Ya`qub (Jacob)? When he said unto his sons, `What will you worship after me?’ They said, `We shall worship your Ilah (God – Allah) the Ilah (God) of your fathers, Ibrahim (Abraham), Isma`il (Ishmael), Ishaq (Isaac). One Ilah (God), and to Him we submit (in Islam)’.” (2:132,133)

712. Yazid bin Haiyan (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I went along with Husain bin Sabrah and `Amr bin Muslim to Zaid bin Arqam (May Allah be pleased with them) and, as we sat by his side, Husain said to him: “O Zaid, you acquired great merits that you saw Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), listened to his talk, fought by his side in (different) battles, and offered Salat behind him. You have in fact earned great merits, Zaid! Could you then tell us what you heard from the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam)?” He said: “O my cousin! By Allah! I have grown old and have almost spent up my age and I have forgotten some of the things which I remembered in connection with Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam), so accept what I narrate to you, and what I fail to narrate, do not compel me to narrate that.” He then said: “One day Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) stood up to deliver a Khutbah at a watering place known as Khumm between Makkah and Al-Madinah. He praised Allah, extolled Him and delivered the Khutbah and exhorted (us) and said, `Amma Ba`du (now then)! O people, certainly I am a human being. I am about to receive a messenger (the angel of death) from my Rubb and I, in response to Allah’s Call, but I am leaving among you two weighty things: the Book of Allah in which there is right guidance and light, so hold fast to the Book of Allah and adhere to it.’ He exhorted (us) (to hold fast) to the Book of Allah and then said, `The second are the members of my household, I remind you (of your duties) to the members of my family.”’

713. Malik bin Al-Huwairith (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: We came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) when we were all young men of nearly equal age. We stayed with him for twenty days. He was extremely kind and considerate. He perceived that we missed our families so he asked us about those we left behind, and we informed him. Then he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Go back to your families, stay with them, teach them (about Islam) and exhort them to do good. Perform such Salat (prayer) at such a time and such Salat at such a time. When the time for Salat is due, one of you should announce Adhan (call for prayer) and the oldest among you should lead Salat.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

714. `Umar bin Al-Khattab (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: I sought permission of the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to perform `Umrah, and he granted me leave and said, “Brother, do not forget us in your supplications.” I would not exchange these words of his for the whole world.

Another narration is: He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Include us, my brother, in your supplications.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

715. Salim bin `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: When a man was to set out on a journey, `Abdullah bin `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) would say to him: “Draw near so that I may bid farewell to you as Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to bid farewell to us. (The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) used to say: “`Astaudi`ullaha dinaka, wa amanataka, wa khawatima `amalika’ (I entrust Allah with your Deen, your trust and your last deeds).”
[At-Tirmidhi].

716. `Abdullah bin Yazid Al-Khatmi (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) intended to bid farewell to his army he would say: “Astau-di’ullaha dinakaum, wa amanatakum, wa khawatima `amalikum (I entrust Allah with your Deen, your trust and your last deeds).”
[Abu Dawud].

717. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Prophet (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and said: “O Messenger of Allah! I intend to go on a journey, so supplicate for me.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “May Allah grant you the provision of piety.” The man said: “Please supplicate more for me.” He (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “May He forgive your sins!” The man repeated: “Please supplicate more for me.” Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “May He facilitate for you the doing of good wherever you are.”
[At-Tirmidhi].