Etiquette of Staying, Riding, Encamping at night and sleeping during theJourney and other matters relating to the Journey

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 168
Etiquette of Staying, Riding, Encamping at night and sleeping during the Journey
and other matters relating to the Journey

962. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said: “When you travel through green and lush land, give the camels their due from the ground, and when you travel through a dry and barren land, make them walk quickly lest their strength falters. When you encamp at night, keep away from the roads, for beasts pass there and they are the resort of insects at night.”
[Muslim].

963. Abu Qatadah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) encamped at night during a journey, he would lie down on his right side, and when he stayed a little before dawn he would raise his forearm and place his head on the palm of his hand.
[Muslim].

964. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Keep to travelling by night because the earth is folded (traversed more easily) during the night.”
[Abu Dawud].

965. Abu Tha`labah Al-Khushani (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: Whenever the people encamped during the journey, they would disperse in the mountain passes and valleys. (When) the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) noticed this he said, “Your act of scattering in the mountain passes and valleys is from Satan.” Afterwards the Companions kept close together whenever they encamped.
[Abu Dawud].

966. Sahl bin `Amr known as Ibn Al-Hanzaliyyah reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) happened to pass by a camel whose belly was sticking to its back (because of hunger), whereupon he said, “Fear Allah in respect of these dumb (animals). Ride them while they are fit, and slaughter them and eat their meat when they are fit.”
[Abu Dawud].

967. Abu Ja`far `Abdullah bin Ja`far (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) made me ride behind him one day and confided something to me which I shall never disclose to anyone. (`Abdullah added:) He ((sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) preferred to screen himself from others when responding to the call of nature, either behind a wall or the trunk of a date-palm.
[Muslim].

Al-Barqani added: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) entered an orchid belonging to an Ansari and saw there a camel. When it saw him, it began to groan and its eyes shed tears. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) approached it and patted it on the hump and the base of its head until it quieted down. Then he (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked, “Who is the owner of this camel? To whom does it belong?” An Ansari youth stepped forward and said: “It is mine O Messenger of Allah!” He said, “Do you not fear Allah in respect of this beast which Allah has placed in your possession? This camel is complaining to me that you starve it and put it to toil.”
[Abu Dawud].

968. Anas (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: When we encamped, we would not offer (voluntary) prayers until we had unsaddled our beasts.
[Abu Dawud].