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Prohibition of Drawing Portraits

September 4, 2014
Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 305
Prohibition of Drawing Portraits

1678. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Those who draw pictures will be punished on the Day of Resurrection; and it will be said to them: `Breathe soul into what you have created.”’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1679. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) visited me after returning from a journey, and I had a shelf with a thin cloth curtain hanging over it and on which there were portraits. When he saw it, the colour of his face changed (because of anger) and he said, “O `Aishah! the most grievous torment from Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be for those who imitate (Allah) in the act of His creation.” `Aishah said: We tore it into pieces and made a cushion or two cushions out of that.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1680. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Every painter will go to Hell, and for every portrait he has made, there will be appointed one who will chastise him in the Hell.” Ibn `Abbas said: If you have to do it, draw pictures of trees and other inanimate things.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1681. Ibn `Abbas (May Allah be pleased with them) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Whosoever makes a picture, will be punished on the Day of Resurrection, and will be asked to infuse soul therein, which he will not be able to do.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1682. Ibn Mas`ud (May Allah be pleased with him) said: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying, “Those who will receive the most severe punishment from Allah on the Day of Resurrection will be painters (of living objects).”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1683. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The Almighty Allah said: `Who is more an oppressor than him who goes to create like My creation? Let him make an ant or a grain of corn or a grain of barley.”’
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1684. Abu Talhah (May Allah be pleased with him) said: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The angels do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1685. Ibn `Umar (May Allah be pleased with them) said: Jibril (Gabriel) promised to visit the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) but delayed and this grieved him very much. When he came out of his house, Jibril met him. The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) asked him about the reason of delay, and he replied: “We do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a portrait.”

[Al-Bukhari].

1686. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: Jibril (Gabriel) (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) made a promise with the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) to come at a definite hour; that hour came but he did not visit him. There was a staff in the hand of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam). He threw it from his hand and said, “Never does Allah back out of His Promise, nor do His messengers.” Then he noticed a puppy under his bed and said, “O `Aishah, when did this dog enter?” She said: “By Allah, I don’t know.” He then commanded that it should be turned out. No sooner than had they expelled it, Jibril came and the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said to him, “You promised to visit me. I waited for you but you did not come.” Whereupon he said: “The dog kept me from coming. We do not enter a house in which there is a dog or a picture.
[Muslim].

1687. Abul-Haiyaj Haiyan bin Husain said: `Ali bin Abu Talib (May Allah be pleased with him) said to me: “Shall I not send you to do a task that the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) had assigned to me? Spare no portrait unwiped out, and leave not a high grave unlevelled.”
[Muslim].

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