Undesirability of Intercession in Hudud

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 350
Undesirability of Intercession in Hudud

Allah, the Exalted, says:

The woman and the man guilty of illegal sexual intercourse, flog each of them with a hundred stripes. Let not pity withhold you in their case, in a punishment prescribed by Allah, if you believe in Allah and the Last Day.” (24:2)

1770. `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) reported: The Quraish were anxious about a woman from Banu Makhzum who had committed theft and asked : “Who will speak to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) about her?” Then they said: “No one will be bold enough to do so except Usamah bin Zaid, the (Companion who was) dearly loved by the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam).” So Usamah (May Allah be pleased with him) spoke to him and the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) (angrily) said, “Are you interceding regarding one of the punishments prescribed by Allah?” He then got up and delivered an address in which he said, “Indeed what destroyed the people before you was just that when a person of high rank among them committed a theft, they spared him; but if the same crime was done by a poor person they inflicted the prescribed punishment on him. I swear by Allah that if Fatimah daughter of Muhammad should steal, I would have her hand cut off.
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

     In another narration `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) said: (Upon hearing the intercession of Usamah), the face of the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) changed color (because of anger) and he said, “Do you dare to intercede in matters prescribed by Allah?” Usamah pleaded: “O Messenger of Allah! Pray for my forgiveness.” `Aishah (May Allah be pleased with her) added: Thereafter the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) gave orders to have that woman’s hand cut off.

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