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Allaah has no need of the Arsh (Throne) and whatever is beneath it – Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

May 11, 2017

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah : Lesson 30

[118]    وهُوَ مُسْتَغْنٍ عَنِ العرشِ وما دُونَه.‏‏‏‏

[118]       And He (Allaah) has no need of the Throne and whatever is beneath it.


The Explanation – Point [118]

Do not imagine that the meaning of His saying, He the Most High,

 And then He (Allaah) ascended upon the Throne  (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 54)

…is that He has need of the Throne just as someone from the creation would mount something from the creation. Rather, Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic ascended upon the Throne and He has no need of the Throne, nor of whatever is beneath the Throne.

All of the created beings are in total need of Allaah.

Allaah holds the heavens and the earth so that they do not fall away from their places; and if they moved away, then none besides Him could hold them. (Soorah Faatir (35), aayah 41)

So, He (Allaah) holds and supports the Throne and He holds and supports the heavens and He holds and supports the earth and all the created beings by His Power and His Might. So, they are in need of Him and He has no need of them, He the One free of all imperfections and the Most High.

And the fact that something is above something else does not necessitate that the thing which is higher has need of the thing which is beneath. So the heavens are above the earth, and they are not in need of the earth.

End of explanation of point [118][1] 

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s Side Point: From Shaykh Al-Albaanee rahimahullaah, he said in his small notes,

“The explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz) rahimahullaahu ta`aalaa said, ‘The Shaykh (AtTahaawee) rahimahullaah, mentioned this speech here having already mentioned the `Arsh (Throne) and the Kursee (Footstool); so then afterwards he mentions that He, the Perfect, has no need of the Throne and whatever is beneath the Throne, to make clear that His creating the Throne to ascend over it is not because He had any need of it; rather, for a great wisdom which was necessitated. And the fact that something above is above the thing which is beneath, does not necessitate that the lower thing contains or encompasses or carries the higher thing; nor does it mean that that thing which is higher is in need of that which is lower. So look at the heaven how it is above the earth and yet it is not in need of it.

So the Lord, the Most High is far greater and more tremendous than His ‘Highness’ should necessitate this. Rather, Allaah’s being High (His ‘Highness’) results in qualities particular to Him and in His bearing and carrying whatever is beneath, by His Power. And it necessitates the total need of the lower things for Him and the fact that He, the Perfect, has no need whatsoever of what is beneath Him. And it necessitates His encompassing everything, He the Mighty and Majestic. So He is above the Throne and He, by His Power, supports the Throne and its carriers and He has no need of the Throne. And the Throne is in need of Him and He encompasses the Throne and the Throne does not encompass Him; and He confines the Throne and it does not confine Him; and all of these things are not possible for the creation.

And those people who deny al-`uluww (Allaah’s Highness) – the people who deny His Attributes, if they only accepted this detailed explanation, then they would be guided to the correct path, and they would know that intellect is in accordance with the texts and they would be proceeding behind the proof. However, they depart from the proof so they go astray from the correct way. And the affair in that regard is just as Imaam Maalik rahimahullaah said when he was asked about the saying of Allaah, the Most High,

And then He (Allaah) ascended over the Throne (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 54)

…and other things, (someone asked him), “How did He ascend?’ So Imaam Maalik replied, “Istiwaa (ascending) is known and how is unknown.”’”

Translator’s Side Point: Likewise, Shaykhul-Islaam Ibn Taymiyyah in Dar· at-Ta`aarud al-`Aql wan-Naql (درء تعارض العقل والنقل) makes the same point – that it is from Allaah’s tremendous Power that He supports the Throne and whoever is carrying the Throne, and they only support the Throne because of power given to them by Allaah.

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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