Five principles of the Mu’tazilah, the deviant group.
1) Tawheed (literally Divine Unity)
They say that this means: denying the Attributes of Allaah. And the Mu’tazilah hold that the person who affirms the Attributes of Allaah is a person of shirk. They believe that affirming many Attributes for Allaah would necessitate affirming many different gods.
2) Adl (literally ‘justice’)
They misinterpret this to mean: denying Qadr (the Pre-decree).
They say that affirming the Pre-decree – that Allaah has knowledge of and has already written down everything which is to happen – is tyranny and oppression upon His Servants and it is obligatory upon Allaah to be just.
3) Enjoining the good and forbidding the evil
What these misguided people intend by this is: rebelling against the Muslim rulers who have fallen into sins less than shirk. And this idea of rebellion is evil itself, and is not from good whatsoever.
4) The status in this world of the person who commits a major sin
The fourth principle is that of: al manzil baynal manzilatayn – the station between the two stations. This refers to their mistaken judgement upon the major sinner that he/she has justify Islaam, but whilst still in this life, the person has not actually entered kufr (disbelief). So the person is on a station between the two stations of kufr and eemaan.
In comparison, the Khawaarij pass the judgement of kufr upon such a person in this life.
5) The fate in the hereafter of the major sinner
The fifth principle is: infaadh ul wa’eed (enforcing the textual threats). This refers to their belief that whoever dies upon a major sin less than shirk will remain in the Hellfire forever. And in this aspect of ‘aqeedah, they are in agreement with the Khawaarij who also say that the major sinner will be in the Hellfire forever in the Hereafter.
And these are the five fundamental principles of the Mu’tazilah.
Source for above : Questions on Al-‘Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah
Using the explanation by Shaykh Saalih Al-Fawzaan This Q & A is checked by Abu Talhah (rahimahullaah). 159 Pages PDF Document
The above short clip has been extracted from the below lecture:
We do not hold rebelling against our rulers and those in authority over our affairs – Aqeedah Tahawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]