Scholars Biographies: Imaam Abu ‘Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

Imaam Abu ‘Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah Al-`Ukbaree, Ibn Battah

He was Abu ‘Abdillaah `Ubaydullaah bin Muhammad Ibn Battah Al-`Ukbaree Al-Hanbalee, known as “Ibn Battah.”He was the Imaam, the Hadeeth Master (Haafidh), the Hanbalee Legal Jurist (Faqeeh), the devout worshipper and ascetic. He was born in the year 304H in Ukbaraa, a land close to Baghdad, and died in the year 387H. His father was a Faqeeh and it was under his auspices that he began his studies and he often reports from him in his books. He was sent to Baghdad to study hadeeth while still young. Then he traveled to various lands such as Shaam, Basrah, Makkah and Thagur studying under a host of the leading scholars of his time and excelled in ‘Aqeedah, Hadeeth and Fiqh.

He heard from the likes of Abu al-Qaasim al-Baghawee, Abu Dharr al-Baaghandee, Abu Bakr bin Ziyaad an-Naisabooree, Isma`eel al-Warraaq, al-Qaadee al-Mahaamalee, Muhammad bin Mukhlid, Abu Taalib Ahmad bin Nasr al-Haafidh, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Thaabit al-‘Ukbaree, ‘Alee bin Abee al-Aqab, Ahmad bin Ubayd as-Saffaar, Ibn Saa`id and others.

A group of the scholars narrated from him such as: Abu al-Fath bin Abee al-Fawaaris, Abu Nu`aym al-Asbahaanee, Ubaydullaah al-Azharee, ‘Abdul-‘Azeez al-Azjee, Abu Ishaaq al-Barmakee, Abu Muhammad al-Jawharee, Muhammad bin Ahmad bin Eesaa as-Sa`see and others. He has been praised by more than one Imaam and was famous for enjoining the good and forbidding the evil. [See Ibn Katheer’s Al-Bidaayah wan-Nihaayah (11/368-369); Ibn Hajr’s Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/133+) and Adh-Dhahabee’s Siyar A’alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533)

Al-Khateeb al-Baghdaadee said: Abu Haamid ad-Dawlee narrated to me that when Ibn Battah returned from his travels he confined himself to his house for forty years [only rarely going out]. He was not seen in the market place and neither was he seen breaking fast except on the day of ‘Eed. He used to enjoin the good and not a single bad narration [concerning people] would reach him except that he put it in a better light.” [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee’s Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

’Abdul-Waahid bin ‘Alee al-‘Ukbaree said, “I have not seen any of the scholars from the Ashaabul Hadeeth or other than them having a better disposition and mannerism than Ibn Battah” [See Al-Khateeb Al-Baghdaadee’s Taareekh Baghdaad (10/372)]

Ahmad bin Muhammad al-‘Ateeqee said, “Ibn Battah was a righteous Shaykh, one whose supplications were answered.” [Ibn al-Jawzee in Al-Muntadhim (7/194)]

Abu al-Fath al-Qawwaas said: “I mentioned the knowledge and asceticism of Ibn Battah to Abu Sa`eed al-Ismaa`eelee and so he went to him. When he returned he commented: ‘His [knowledge and asceticism] is beyond description.’” [Ibn Hajr Al-‘Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan(4/134)]

Abu Mas`ood Ahmad bin Muhammad al-Bajlee, the Haafidh said, “I have loved the Hanbalees since the day I saw Abu ‘Abdillaah Ibn Battah.” [Ibn Abee Ya`laa in Tabaqaatul Hanaabilah (2/145)]

Ibn al-‘Imaad said: “…the great Imaam, the Haafidh, Ibn Battah, the Hanbalee Faqeeh and righteous servant.” [Shadharaat adh-Dhahab (3/122)]

However in the field of hadeeth he has been criticized for his precision although in and of himself he is regarded to be truthful (sadooq). It is important to note that the scholars of Hadeeth have cleared him of the possibility of fabricating.

Refer to Al-Mughnee fee ad-Du`afaa (2/417), Al-Uluw (2/417), and Siyar A’alaam an-Nubalaa (16/529-533) of Adh-Dhahabee: Al-Laa`ee (1/85) of As-Suyootee, and others. A defense of him against a number of criticisms leveled against him can be found in Ibn al-Jawzee’s Al-Muntadhim(7/194+) and Al-Mu`allimee’s At-Tankeel (pp. 561-571).

At this point it is necessary to mention that the People of Innovation have capitalized on a statement concerning this great Imaam made by al-Haafidh Ibn Hajr al-‘Asqalaanee, may Allaah have mercy on him. Using this statement they have attempted to declare this Imaam a fabricator and liar, may Allaah forgive them and us.

Ibn Hajr in his notice of Ibn Battah begins by declaring him an Imaam and then proceeds to criticize him for his lack of precision in narration. He quotes the words of Al-‘Ateeqee about him that “…despite his lack of precision [in narrating] he was an Imaam in the Sunnah and an Imaam in Fiqh, possessor of miraculous events and one whose supplications were answered, may Allaah be pleased with him.”

He then proceeds to mention a munkar narration concerning the Attributes of Allaah and after identifying Ibn Battah as being the source of this narration [although his being the culprit is differed over by the Scholars of Hadeeth], Ibn Hajr comments: “And I do not know what I should say about Ibn Battah after this.”

It should be noted here that if Ibn Hajr thought Ibn Battah to be a liar or fabricator it would been necessary for him to mention this clearly, for the likes of this Haafidh could not possibly remain silent on such an issue.

Furthermore, as-Suyootee, may Allaah have mercy upon him, further clarifies Ibn Hajr’s position on him. After quoting the above mentioned words of Ibn Hajr, he says: “I saw in the handwriting of Ibn Hajr in his notes to ‘Mukhtasar al-Mawdoo`aat’ of Ibn Darbaas [concerning this hadeeth], “This false addition that occurs at the end of it is not present here and so it is clear that it occurs due to the poor memory of Ibn Battah.”

So in this narration Ibn Hajr explicitly clears Ibn Battah of intentional fabrication and hence his stance on him falls in line with the majority of Hadeeth Masters. Allaah knows best. [Ibn Hajr Al-‘Asqalaanee in Lisaan al-Meezaan (4/134) and As-Suyootee in Al-Laa`ee al-Masnoo`ah (1/75)]

His books concerning ‘Aqeedah that have been published are:

1. Al-Ibaanah al-Kubraa – in seven volumes with the checking (tahqeeq) of Yusuf bin Abdullaah al-Waabil, and
2. Ash-Sharh wal-Ibaanah – with the checking (tahqeeq) of Dr. Ridaa Nu`saan.

Ibn Battah passed away in 387H, may Allaah have mercy on him.

Author/Translator:  Abu Rumaysah. Source: Various Sources
Source: Originally published in al-manhaj .com website ( this site no more exists)