Question 19: Leaving the lands of disbelief for knowledge but not for hijrah
“Some brothers, when they leave from France or other lands of disbelief, they leave with the intention of seeking knowledge and they don’t attach importance to making hijrah, and when he is asked, ‘Are you a Muhaajir?’ he replies with the statement: ‘I want to seek knowledge, as for hijrah, I will look into it later, Allaah willing.’ And at the same time it is possible that he could return to the land of disbelief at anytime, so what do you have to say about this?”
The most important thing is that he leaves from those disbelieving lands so he can escape with his deen, and it is upon him that he be firmly determined not to reside in the lands of disbelief, whichever ones exist. If he were to do that then, verily, he would be free from the sin, by Allaah’s permission, and he would be safeguarding his deen.
As for the question: “Does he intend with this departure hijrah or merely fleeing with the deen from the tribulations without the intention of hijrah?”
Some of our Mashaayikh (Rahimahullaah Ta’ala) used to advise to leave, to flee with the deen without making the intention of hijrah, for the fear that he will arrive at the Islaamic lands and he will not be able to remain there, so when that happens he will be able to return to the land he left, contrary to if he were to leave with the intention of hijrah, for verily he will not be able to return.
This is the reason for this position due to the many obstacles that are well-known and have been placed in front of the Muslims.
The second position that is well-known in this issue is that it is better to have the intention of hijrah because the Prophet (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa Sallam) and his Companions (Radhillaahu ‘Anhum) made hijrah from the most beloved of places to Allaah (‘Azza Wa Jall); from Makkah. And no doubt, this position appears to be closer and more correct. Also, as has preceded, verily he who relies on Allaah (‘Azza Wa Jall) and thinks good of Allaah and is sincere in his intention of escaping with his deen from the tribulations, Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) is more generous than to leave this slave to perish and have him rely on the people and abandon him. He is glorified and exalted (above that). Also, Allaah (‘Azza Wa Jall) has promised him help, and victory, and to make things easy, and facilitate things for him, even if whoever is on earth were to plot against him.
In not intending hijrah when leaving, there is a clear cause for bad to happen to the Muslim because for the least difficulty that occurs to him he will pack up his belongings and return to the land of disbelief. So what we advise our brothers with is that they leave with the intention of hijrah and that they use as a lesson their brothers who have left before them. Has Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) left them to perish?
The answer: No, rather, with praise to Allaah, they live in the lands of Islaam in honor and respect and happiness, and they have been granted knowledge and implementation of the knowledge.
So we ask Allaah (Subhaanahu Wa Ta’ala) that He grant us and you all the success to obey Him and obey His Messenger (Sallallaahu ‘Alayhi Wa ‘Alaa Aalihi Wa Sallam). We ask Allaah (‘Azza Wa Jall) for forgiveness and good health and well-being in the deen, and in this life and in the hereafter.
We ask Allaah (Tabarak Wa Ta’ala) to make us and you all from those who direct with the truth and establish justice therewith.
All praise is due to Allaah, Lord of all that exists, and may the peace and blessings of Allaah be upon our Prophet Muhammad and upon his Family and his Companions, all of them.
Source : From the PDF – Questions and answers concerning al-Hijrah – By Shaykh ‘Abdur Rahmaan al-‘Adanee
Related Link: https://abdurrahman.org/hijrah