Martyrdom without Fighting

Imam Al-Nawawi’s Riyad-us-Saliheen
Chapter 235
Martyrdom without Fighting

1353.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “The martyrs are of five kinds: One who dies of plague; one who dies of disease of his belly; the drowned; one who dies under the debris (of construction, etc.), and one who dies while fighting in the way of Allah.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1354. Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Whom do you reckon to be martyr amongst you?” The Companions replied: “The one who is killed in Allah’s way.” He said, “In that case, the martyrs among my people would be few.” The Companions asked: “O Messenger of Allah! Then who are the martyrs?” He replied, “He who is killed in the way of Allah  is a martyr; he who dies naturally in the Cause of Allah is a martyr; he who dies of plague is a martyr; and he who dies of a belly disease is a martyr; and he who is drowned is a martyr.
[Muslim].

This Hadith shows the care Allah has for this Ummah, which is the best Ummah of mankind. (Editor’s Note)

1355. `Abdullah bin `Amr bin Al-`As (May Allah be pleased with them) reported: The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “He who is killed while defending his property is a martyr.”
[Al-Bukhari and Muslim].

1356.   Sa`id bin Zaid bin `Amr bin Nufail (May Allah be pleased with him) reported, one of the ten Companions who were given the glad tidings of entering Jannah reported: I heard the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) saying: “He who dies while defending his property is a martyr; he who dies in defence of his own life is a martyr; and he who dies on defense of his faith is a martyr, he who dies in defence of his family is a martyr.”
[Abu Dawud and At-Tirmidhi].

1357.   Abu Hurairah (May Allah be pleased with him) reported: A man came to the Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) and asked, “O Messenger of Allah! What shall I do if someone comes to me with the intention of taking away my property?” He replied, “Do not hand over it to him.” The man asked, “What shall I do if he fights me?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) said, “Then fight him.” “What will be my position in the Hereafter if he has killed me?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “In that case you are a martyr.” The man asked: “What if I killed him?” The Messenger of Allah (sallallaahu ’alayhi wa sallam) replied, “He will be in the Hell-fire.”
[Muslim].