He is the Ancient One without any beginning, the One who Persists without any ending – Shaykh al-Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahawiyyah : Point # 6 

قديم بلا ابتداء، دائم بلا انتهاء‏.

[6]  He is the Ancient One without any beginning, the One who Persists without any ending.

The Explanation – Point [6]

As is indicated by saying of Allaah, the Most High,

He (Allaah) is the First and the Last
(Sooratul-Hadeed (57), aayah 3)

And his saying `alayhissalaatu was-salaam,

‏أَنْتَ الْأَوَّلُ فَلَيْسَ قَبْلَكَ شَيْء، وَأَنْتَ الْآخِرُ فَلَيْسَ بَعْدَكَ شَيْء

You are the First One and there was nothing before You, and You are the Last One and there is nothing after You.[1]

However, the word qadeem (قديم – the ancient one) is not applied to Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic, except in the sense of informing about Him.  As for calling Him with that name, then there is not from His Names “al-qadeem” (the ancient one).  Rather, from His Names is: “Al-Awwal” (الأول – The First); and the term Al-Awwal (The First) is not the same as saying al-qadeem (the ancient one) because the term al-qadeem (the ancient one) may have someone before Him.  As for the term “Al-Awwal” (The First) then there is nothing before him (one who is first).  As the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

أَنْتَ الْأَوَّلُ فَلَيْسَ قَبْلَكَ شَيْء

“You are the First One and there was nothing before You.”

However, the author rahimahullaah, made a precaution here and he said, “The Ancient One without any beginning,” and if he had just said “The Ancient One” and remained silent then that would not be correct in meaning.  [2]

Footnotes:

[1] Reported by Muslim in the Book of Dhikr and Du`aa. and Tawbah and Istighfaar.  It is a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam would recite this du`aa. when he would go to bed (as part of a longer supplication).

[2] Translator’s side point: Shaykh `Abdul-`Azeez Ibn Baaz rahimahullaah says about this same point, “The Ancient One without any beginning”: The wording qadeem does not occur amongst the Perfect Names of Allaah as the explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz rahimahullaah) and others explained.  But many of the people of theological rhetoric mention that phrase about Allaah, that He is Qadeem, to affirm that His existence came before everything.  However, the Names of Allaah are tawqeefiyyah – they can only be affirmed with a text from the Noble Book or the authentic Sunnah. It is not permissible to affirm anything from His Names based upon opinion as the imaams of the SalafusSaalih have stated.  And the word ‘al-qadeem’ (the ancient one), does not indicate the meaning which the people of theological rhetoric intended because the wording ‘al-qadeem’ (that which is ancient) in the Arabic language means that which preceded something else even though it itself did not exist at one time, such as occurs in the saying of Allaah, the Perfect,

Until it returned like the old ancient date stalk
(Soorah YaaSeen (36), aayah 39)

Rather, the correct meaning is only indicated by the addition which the author mentioned, “The Ancient One without any beginning” but it is not befitting to count that amongst the Perfect Names of Allaah since it is not established in texts and we are sufficed in that regard by His Name, He the Perfect, ‘Al-Awwal’ (The First One),

He (Allaah) is the First and the Last
(Sooratul-Hadeed (57), aayah 3)

And Allaah is the One who grants success.
[see: http://www.alifta.net/fatawa/DisplayMargins.aspx?ID=60035]

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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