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Different Types of Confirmed Intercession – Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

July 1, 2017

Lesson 23   : Point [84] (continued from Lesson 22)

For the Part 01 of Intercession , Listen at the below Link:
The Intercession (ash-shafaa’ah) which Allaah has stored up for them is something TRUE 

[84] وَالشَّفاعَةُ الَّتِي ادَّخَرَها لَهُم حَقٌّ، كما رُوِيَ فِي الْأَخْبارِ‏‏‏‏‏.

[84]  And the intercession (ashshafaa`ah) which He has stored up for them is true, just as is reported in the narrations.


The Explanation – Point [84] (continued from Lesson 22)

(In the previous lesson, we ended with the saying of Shaykh Al-Fawzaan: This is the intercession which is confirmed, with its conditions, and it is of different types.)

From them are: some types which are specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and there are some types which are shared between him and between other prophets, and angels and righteous people and the children who die before reaching puberty. All of these people will intercede with Allaah, the Perfect and Most High.

As for the intercession which is specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, then there are various types for this.

Firstly: His intercession, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, interceding for the people of the mawqif (الموقفthe standing place) when the standing becomes very prolonged on the Day of Resurrection, and when the distress becomes severe and when the crowding together of the people is severe and the sun is drawn close to the people’s heads and tremendous distress comes about. Then the people in the gathering place will want someone to intercede for them for the Judgment to be carried out for them so that they can leave the stopping place and go either to Paradise or to the Fire. So they will go to Aadam `alayhis-salaam and he will excuse himself because of how dreadful and serious the standing will be. Then they will go to Nooh `alayhis-salaam – the first of the Messengers, and he will excuse himself. Then they will go to Moosaa – the one to whom Allaah spoke directly, and he will excuse himself. Then they will go to `Eesaa `alayhis-salaam and he will excuse himself also. Then they will go to Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and he will say, “I am the right one for that; I am the right one for that.” Then he (sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam) will go and fall down in prostration (sajdah) in front of Allaah the Mighty and Majestic, and he will praise Him and repeat words of praise upon Him and he will make supplication to Him until it is said to him,

“Raise your head and ask and you will be given it! And intercede and your intercession will be accepted.”[1]

(He will be granted that he can intercede) after he makes du`aa· (supplication) and after he has sought permission; he will not just intercede straight away. Rather, he will make prostration (sajdah) and he will make du`aa· (supplication) and he will repeat words of praise upon Allaah, and he will seek to draw nearer to Him by means of His Names and His Attributes. Then, permission will be given to him for him to intercede; then he will intercede for judgment to be passed between the creation, and Allaah will accept his intercession. And Allaah the Perfect and Most High will come to pass judgment between His servants. He, the One free of all imperfections, said,

But no! When the earth is crushed to dust; and your Lord comes, and the angels – row upon row.  (Sooratul-Fajr (89), aayaat 21-22)

And He, the One free of all imperfections, said,

Do they but await that their Lord comes, screened by clouds, and the angels, and the affair is ended.  (Sooratul-Baqarah (2), aayah 210)

So this is his, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, intercession regarding judgment being passed between the creation. And this is a tremendous station (which Allaah will give to him) and through it, will give honour and nobility to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And this is Al-Maqaam Al-Mahmood (المقام المحمود) – the Praiseworthy Station about which Allaah, the One free of all imperfections, said,

And during the night get up and pray as something extra for you. Indeed Allaah will certainly raise you to a Praiseworthy Station.  (Sooratul-Israa· (17), aayah 79)

Because the first to the last of the people will praise him for it, and his, `alayhissalaatu was-salaam, virtue will be made manifest in this tremendous station.

The second intercession which is particular for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is his interceding for the people of Paradise to enter into Paradise.[2] So, the first one who will request that the gate of Paradise is opened will be Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and he will be the first one who enters into it.[3] And the first nation who will enter it will be his nation `alayhissalaatu was-salaam.

The third intercession which is particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is his interceding for the people of Paradise, that Allaah should raise their stations and levels. So, he will intercede for some people so that Allaah should raise their levels higher in Paradise; so Allaah will raise them higher through the intercession of the Prophet `alayhissalaatu was-salaam.[4]

The fourth intercession: and it is shared (it’s something for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and for others besides him); it is the intercession with regard to the Ahlil-Kabaa·ir (أهل الكبائر – those guilty of major sins) from the believers, for those who deserved to enter into the Fire, (intercession) that they do not enter the Fire. And also with regard to those who have entered it, that they should be taken out of it. This is the place about which the sects disagree. So the Jahmiyyah and the Khawaarij and their like, they deny this and they say, “Whoever enters into the Fire will not come out from it.” Whereas the Ahlus-Sunnah wal-Jamaa`ah (the people of the Sunnah and the Jamaa`ah), they affirm it just as it occurs and they hold it as their creed and belief. And it is obligatory upon the Muslim that he holds this as his creed and belief and he has eemaan in it, and that he asks Allaah that He grants the right of intercession to His Prophet `alayhissalaatu was-salaam in this regard, since he is in need of it.

The fifth intercession:

And it is particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, and it is his intercession with regard to his paternal uncle Aboo Taalib. Aboo Taalib died upon shirk and upon the religion of `Abdul-Muttalib who was a mushrik (a person of shirk). And he said that he was upon the religion of `Abdul-Muttalib, and he died upon that; so he became of the people of the Hellfire who will remain in it forever. However, Allaah, the Mighty and the Majestic will grant His Messenger `alayhissalaatu was-salaam the right to intercede for Him (Allaah) to reduce the punishment for him so that he will be in a shallow part of the Fire, but even so, he (Aboo Taalib) will still think that there is no one who is suffering a worse torment that him, even though he is the person out of the people of the Fire who is suffering the lightest punishment.[5]

And the intercession with regard to the people guilty of major sins is shared. So the angels will intercede, and the prophets will intercede and the beloved servants of Allaah (will intercede) and the righteous people will intercede,[6] and the children who died below the age of puberty will intercede for their parents.

End of explanation of point [84][7]

Footnotes:

[1] Hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 3340, 4712, 7510 and by Muslim; it is from a longer hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anh.

[2] From Anas ibn Maalik radiyAllaahu `anh that Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

“I am the first one who will intercede regarding Paradise.” Reported by Muslim

Translator’s Side Point: In explanation of this hadeeth, AtTeebee said, “Meaning: I will intercede for the disobedient ones from my Ummah, for them to enter into Paradise. Or it is said: I am the first one who will intercede in Paradise with regard to raising the ranks of the people in it.”

[3] From Anas ibn Maalik radiyAllaahu `anh, who said, “Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said,

‘I will come to the gate of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection and I will request that it be opened. So the gatekeeper will say, “Who are you?” So I will say, “Muhammad.” So he will say, “I have been commanded regarding you, that I should not open it for anyone before you.”’” Reported by Muslim

[4] Translator’s Side Point: Maybe there is a slight oversight in the text of the explanation here. Shaykh Al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah, says here that this intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, for the people of Paradise who are in Paradise to have their ranks raised higher than what they deserve so that they are given higher places than what they deserve. Here, he says that this is specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. However, as we had when the Shaykh hafizahullaah explained Al-`Aqeedah Al-Waasitiyyah, he mentioned this type of intercession and he mentioned that it was not particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam – that it was for him and for others besides him as well from the Prophets, martyrs, righteous, and so on; they also have the right to this intercession. Likewise Shaykh Ibn Baaz rahimahullaah in his explanation of Al-Wasaitiyyah, he mentioned the same point – that this type is not specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. Wallaahu a`lam.

[5] From Al-Abbaas ibn `Abdul-Muttalib radiyAllaahu `anhu, that he said to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, “Will you be able to suffice your uncle in anything since he used to look after you and become angry for you?” So, he sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam replied,

“He will be in a shallow part of the Fire and if it were not for me, he would be in the lowest depth of the Fire.” Reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 3883, and also by Muslim.

[6] So, from Aboo Sa`eed (Al-Khudree) radiyAllaahu `anh, from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, that he said,

“Allaah the Most High will say, ‘The angels have interceded and the Prophets have interceded and the believers have interceded and none remains except for the Most Merciful of those who show mercy. Then He will take a handful out of the Fire and will bring out a people who never did any good; they will become charcoal and He will cast them in a river at the mouth of Paradise called the River of Life, then they will sprout like the sprouting of seeds on the bank of a torrent, and then they will be entered into Paradise.’”

Hadeeth reported by Muslim.

[7] Translator’s Side Point: Shaykh Al-Albaanee (rahimahullaah) said in his small notes with regard to the intercession: “It is something mutawaatir (something supported by hadeeth which has many, many narrators at every level of narration) also. And Ibn Abee `Aasim, in his book: As-Sunnah, he brings six chapters about it – from chapters 163 to168, with hadeeth numbers 784 to 832. And the explainer (Ibn Abil-`Izz), he mentions a number of them, rahimahullaah, in his explanation, and they include the fact that his intercession, sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam, is of eight (8) different types.”

Translator’s Side Point: Sometimes the people of knowledge abridge the types of intercession and sometimes they mention them in detail. When they mention them in detail they mention that they are eight (8) different types – the first three (3) of them being particular for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

  1. The greater intercession – which is the intercession for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for the Judgment to be carried out when the people go to each of the Prophets and then they go to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. And as we have heard that occurs in the authentic ahaadeeth, reported by Bukhaaree and Muslim: that he will make sajdah beneath the Throne and make du`aa· to Allaah and praise Him and so on, and his intercession will be granted. This is the ‘greater intercession’ and the standing place there is the Maqaam Al-Mahmood (the Praiseworthy Standing Place) which will be granted to no one except the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
  2. The intercession for the people of Paradise to be able to enter into Paradise. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions that after the people cross the bridge over the Hellfire, there will be an archway where they will be stopped and any remaining rancour or feeling in their hearts towards each other will be removed and after that is the gate of Paradise. It will not be opened until the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam intercedes for it to be opened. The evidence being the hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anh, reported by Muslim: “I am the first of those who will intercede with regard to Paradise.”
  3. The intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam for his uncle Aboo Taalib – that his punishment in the Fire is reduced.

These three types are particular to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. The next five are general – for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and for other than him. The first and greater intercession is agreed upon by all the sects. It is agreed upon by the people of the Sunnah and the deviant sects as well (Mu`tazilah, Khaawarij etc.).

  1. The intercession for those people who deserve the Hellfire, from the people of tawheed who have committed major sins (the disobedient ones) – the intercession that they don’t have to enter the Fire. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen rahimahullaah mentions as evidence for this: the supplication that is said in the funeral prayer for the deceased. This type of intercession is denied by the Mu`tazilah and the Khaawarij.
  2. For those people of tawheed – the disobedient ones guilty of major sins who deserve entry into the Fire and who have entered into the Fire, intercession that they should be taken out from the Fire. Shaykh Al-Uthaymeen mentions that there are many ahaadeeth to support this. Amongst them is a hadeeth of Aboo Sa`eed al-Khudree –one wording of which we heard – reported by Muslim and also in longer wording by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth Again, the Mu`tazilah and the Khaawarij deny this type.
  3. For the ranks of the people of Paradise – that their ranks should be raised higher. The explainer of Al-Waasitiyyah – Ibn Al Fayaad mentions that there is agreement about this type as well. An evidence for it is the hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree as hadeeth 4323 – hadeeth of Aboo Moosaa radiyAllaahu `anh, that the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam made supplication for one of the Companions and said,

“O Allaah! Forgive `Ubayd Aboo `Aamir.”

And that he said,

“O Allaah! On the Day of Resurrection, make him above many of Your creation from the people.”

  1. The intercession with regard to believers whose good and bad deeds are equal – they are the people of ‘The Heights’ – Al-A`raaf (الأعراف) and are mentioned in the seventh soorah; the intercession that they should be allowed to enter into Paradise, and they will.
  2. The intercession for some of the believers to enter into Paradise without there being any reckoning upon them. The evidence for that being the hadeeth of `Ukkaashah about the seventy thousand (70,000) people who would enter Paradise without reckoning. Hadeeth reported by Al-Bukhaaree, Muslim and others.

There is an excellent book on this topic of ashshafaa`ah by Shaykh Muqbil rahimahullaah: AshShafaa`ah (الشفاعة) where the Shaykh compiles all the different hadeeth about ashshafaa`ah. It is more than 300 pages long.

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah At-Tahaawiyyah
By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah
Pages 98-102 (Point 84)
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH
Transcribed by Sideeqa Ali

Points discussed in this excerpt include:

The types of intercession specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and the types shared between him and others

From those specific for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam:

  • For judgment to commence on the Day of Judgment
  • For the people of Paradise to enter Paradise
  • For some of the people of Paradise to have their stations and levels raised (there is a side point regarding this not being specific to the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam alone)
  • For his uncle Aboo Taalib to have his punishment reduced

From those for the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam and other than him: For Ahlul-Kabaa·ir from the believers to not enter the Fire and those who have entered to be removed from it

Eight (8) types of intercession of the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

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