Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 39 : Point 60
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:
And to have eemaan that along with every raindrop there is an angel who descends from the sky with it until he places it wherever Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic has commanded him to.
There is no doubt that Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, sends down the rain from the sky in measured proportion. He, the Most High, said:
وَأَنزَلْنَا مِنَ السَّمَاءِ مَاءً بِقَدَرٍ فَأَسْكَنَّاهُ فِي الْأَرْضِ
And We sent down rain from the sky in due measure and We caused it to settle in the earth. (Sooratul-Mu’minoon (23), aayah 18)
Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, preordained the coming down of rain and He gave it its due measure and amount and the earth where it should fall. And He distributes it, He, the Perfect and Most High, however He wishes. So, He dispatches it. And He commands and it rains. And He commands and it stops. And along with it are angels. And there occurs in the description of the angel Meekaa`eel that he is entrusted with the raindrops (al-qatr) and with the plants. So, the angels carry out duties, which Allaah has entrusted them with and from that is al-qatr (the raindrops).
 Translator’s side point: Some of the verifiers, they mention that this point: “Along with each raindrop, there is an angel to bring it down,” then this is reported by Ibn Jareer At-Tabariyy in his Tafseer and Abu Shaykh in his book Al-`Azama as being a saying of one of the Taabi`een, Al-Hakam Ibn `Utaybah as being his saying and likewise reported by Abu Shaykh in his book Al-`Azama as also being the saying of another Taabi`ee Al-Hasan al-Basree.
And as for Shaykh Saalih As-Suhaymee hafizahullaah then he mentions this report is reported from some of the Salaf and it does not contradict any text.
As for the explanation of Shaykh Ahmad an-Najmee rahimahullaah on this point, “There occurs in the footnote (to the earlier edition) that it is reported from Ibn Abbaas radiyAllaahu `anhuma that he said:
“There is no plant upon the land nor in the sea except there is an angel entrusted with it to write down whatever leaf or the like falls away from it.”
(Refer to the Tafseer of Ibn Katheer) and the person doing the footnotes said so this proves even more so this matter here (meaning there must be an angel for every raindrop as well).”
Shaykh Ahmad criticised this saying and said, “This is questionable from two aspects;
firstly, that it is not established from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam as far as I know.
Secondly, that even this report here that’s quoted from Ibn Abbaas, the indication of this report as being proof for what author Baarbahaaree mentioned “along with every raindrop that descends, an angel comes down until he places it wherever Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic commanded him to,” is not clear since the report mentions writing down whatever is going to fall from that plant where as the issue here is with every raindrop coming down with an angel appointed to bring it down until he places it, meaning something different.
And we believe in the ability of Allaah, the Mighty and Majestic and we believe that Allaah knows every leaf that falls and every raindrop that falls from rain, knows where it’s going to fall. However, the coming down of an angel along with every raindrop until he places it in its place, this is a matter that is not established from the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam. So, I say this point is questionable and Allaah is the one who grants success.”
Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Saima Zaher.
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
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