Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 45: Points 72
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:
And to have eemaan (true faith) that it is Allaah who spoke to Moosaa ibn `Imraan `alayhissalaatu wassalaam on the day of the mountain; At-Toor. And Moosaa heard Allaah’s speech, which was with a voice, which he heard from Him not from other than Him. So, whoever says other than this has disbelieved in Allaah, the Tremendous.
Affirming kalaam (speech) for Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, is from the fundamentals of `aqeedah (creed and belief) of the Ahl us-Sunnah W`al Jamaa`ah that Allaah speaks with real speech. Jibreel heard Him and Moosaa `alayhissalaam heard Him when he went towards the fire to take a fire brand and he found that Allaah, the Perfect and Most High, spoke to Him from the bush just as Allaah mentioned in the Qur’aan and Moosaa heard His speech. Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, said:
وَكَلَّمَ اللَّهُ مُوسَىٰ تَكْلِيمًا
And Allaah spoke to Moosaa with speech.
(Sooratun-Nisaa· (4), aayah 164)
وَلَمَّا جَاءَ مُوسَىٰ لِمِيقَاتِنَا وَكَلَّمَهُ رَبُّهُ
And when Moosaa came to our appointed place and His Lord spoke to him.(Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 143)
This was a second time when Allaah promised him that He would give him the Tawraat so Moosaa went to the appointed place and his Lord spoke to him and gave him the tablets with the Tawraat written upon them. So, Moosaa heard the speech of Allaah, the Perfect and Most High.
And He spoke to our Prophet Muhammad sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam on the night of the Mi`raaj (night ascent) and He made the five daily prayers obligatory upon him. So, Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, speaks with speech that is heard and with letters and a voice.
As for the Jahmiyyah and the Mu`tazilah then they say, “Allaah does not speak. Because if we were to affirm speech for Him then we would be causing Him to resemble the created being because the created being speaks.”
And is analogy to be made between the speech of Allaah and the speech of the created being? There is a difference between the speech of Allaah and the speech of the created being. So, those people (Jahmiyyah and the Mu`tazilah) do not make a distinction between Allaah and between the created being, and Allaah’s refuge is sought, as a result of their stupidity in understanding and in intellect.
So, Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, speaks in reality with speech that is heard and the Qur’aan is from the speech of Allaah, the Perfect and Most High. Allaah spoke with it and He spoke with the Tawraat and He spoke with the Injeel and He speaks whenever He wishes if He wishes, He, the Perfect and Most High. So, His speech is from His actions, He, the Majestic and Most High. And His actions have no end and no beginning. He speaks whenever He wishes, when He wishes with whatever He wishes, He, the Majestic and Most High. So, al-kalaam (speech) is an attribute of His from His attributes, which are actions.
His saying, “It was from Him, He, the Perfect, not from anyone besides Him.” Not from the tree/bush, not from the preserved tablet, not from Jibreel and not from Muhammad. So it is speech which emanated from Allaah in reality and Jibreel and Muhammad only conveyed and transmitted from Allaah, the Majestic and Most High.
His saying, “And whoever says other than this then he has disbelieved in Allaah, the Tremendous.” Whoever says that the speech of Allaah is created and that Allaah does not speak and he deprives Allaah of speech then he is a kaafir (disbeliever) because he is denying the truth of what Allaah has said and His Messenger and the consensus of the Muslims unless he is an ignorant person or one who is performing incorrect interpretation or muqallid (blindly following) somebody he has good thoughts about, then this person, it is to be made clear to him and if he then persists then he is judged to be a disbeliever because Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, rebuked the people of shirk for the fact that they worshipped statues, which do not speak. Ibraaheem `alayhissalaam said:
يَا أَبَتِ لِمَ تَعْبُدُ مَا لَا يَسْمَعُ وَلَا يُبْصِرُ وَلَا يُغْنِي عَنكَ شَيْئًا
O my father, why do you worship that which cannot hear and not see and cannot benefit you with anything? (Soorah Maryam (19), aayah 42)
And he said to the disbelievers, those who worshipped the idols:
فَاسْأَلُوهُمْ إِن كَانُوا يَنطِقُونَ
So ask them if they are able to speak. (Sooratul-Anbiyaa· (21), aayah 63)
And Allaah, the Majestic and Most High said:
وَاتَّخَذَ قَوْمُ مُوسَىٰ مِن بَعْدِهِ مِنْ حُلِيِّهِمْ عِجْلًا جَسَدًا لَّهُ خُوَارٌ ۚ أَلَمْ يَرَوْا أَنَّهُ لَا يُكَلِّمُهُمْ
And the People of Moosaa after he had departed made from their ornaments the statue of a calf, which produced a mooing sound, could they not see that it could not speak to them? (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 148)
So this proves that the Lord (Rabb) speaks, He, the Perfect and Most High. And the one who does not speak is not a Lord, how could he then command and how could he prohibit and how could he regulate affairs when he cannot speak? High and Exalted is Allaah above that.
And there occurs in Soorah Taa-Haa:
أَلَّا يَرْجِعُ إِلَيْهِمْ قَوْلًا وَلَا يَمْلِكُ لَهُمْ ضَرًّا وَلَا نَفْعًا
It does not say anything to them in return and does not possess any harm or benefit for them. (Soorah Taa-Haa (20), aayah 89)
Can they see that it can’t say anything to them in return? Meaning, it does not respond to them when they address it.
Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Saima Zaher.
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
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