Tidings at the Point of Death – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 48: Point 78
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And know that there are three forms of address for the tidings that are given when one dies.

It may be said, “Receive good tidings O beloved one of Allaah, of Allaah’s pleasure and of Paradise” or

it may be said, “Receive good tidings O servant of Allaah of Paradise on account of Islaam” or

it may be said, “Receive tidings O enemy of Allaah, of Allaah’s anger and of the Fire.”

This was the saying of Ibn Abbaas radiyAllaahu `anhumaa.[1]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

The person who is dying whether he is a believer or a disbeliever, will be given tidings at the point of death. So, if he is a believer, he will be given good tidings of Allaah’s mercy and of Paradise. And if he is a disbeliever, he will be given tidings of Allaah’s anger and of the Fire. So, he will not actually die till he knows where he will be and it will not be possible for him to repent or to free himself or to increase in righteous deeds. This is what occurs in the hadeeth that:

“Whoever loves to meet Allaah then Allaah will love to meet him.” So `A`ishah said, “Oh Messenger of Allaah, all of us dislike death.” Allaah’s Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said, “That is not the case, O `A`ishah but rather the believer at the point of death will be given good tidings and so therefore, he will love to meet Allaah and so Allaah will love to meet him. Whereas, the disbeliever will be given tidings of the Fire so therefore, he will hate the meeting with Allaah so Allaah will hate to meet him.”[2]

And He, the Most High, said:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا فَلَا خَوْفٌ عَلَيْهِمْ وَلَا هُمْ يَحْزَنُونَ

Those who said, “Our Lord is Allaah” and then they remain upright then there will be no fear upon them nor shall they grieve. (Sooratul-Ahqaaf (46), aayah 13)

And He, the Most High, said:

إِنَّ الَّذِينَ قَالُوا رَبُّنَا اللَّهُ ثُمَّ اسْتَقَامُوا تَتَنَزَّلُ عَلَيْهِمُ الْمَلَائِكَةُ أَلَّا تَخَافُوا وَلَا تَحْزَنُوا وَأَبْشِرُوا بِالْجَنَّةِ الَّتِي كُنتُمْ تُوعَدُونَ 

Those who said, “Our Lord is Allaah” then they remained upright then the angels will descend upon them saying, “Fear not and do not grieve and receive glad tidings of Paradise, which you were promised.” (Soorah-Fussilat (41), aayah 30)

And He, the Most High, said:

وَلَوْ تَرَىٰ إِذْ يَتَوَفَّى الَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا ۙ الْمَلَائِكَةُ يَضْرِبُونَ وُجُوهَهُمْ وَأَدْبَارَهُمْ وَذُوقُوا عَذَابَ الْحَرِيقِ

And if you could see when the angels take the souls of the disbelievers striking their faces and their backs saying, “Taste the punishment of the Blazing Fire.” (Sooratul-Anfaal (8), aayah 50)

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s side point: In some of the versions, the wording is as it occurs here and in some of them, the order is slightly different and instead of the second phrase, in some versions it has instead, “Receive glad tidings O servant of Allaah of Paradise after intiqaam (vengeance) has been taken upon you,” W`Allaahu A`lam.

[2] Reported by Al-Bukhaariyy (6,507) and Muslim  (2,683) from a hadeeth of `Ubaadah ibn asSaamit radiyAllaahu `anhu and also reported by al-Bukhaariyy with a disconnected chain with the same reference (6,507) and by Muslim (2,684) from a hadeeth of `Aa`ishah radiyAllaahu `anhaa.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

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