Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 48: Point 81
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]
Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:
And to have eemaan that Allaah will punish the creation in the Fire in shackles, fetters and chains. The Fire will be inside them and above them and below them.
Whereas, the Jahmiyyah among them Hishaam al-Footee said, “Allaah will only punish them next to the Fire” in rebuttal of Allaah and His Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.
His saying, “And to have eemaan (truly believe) that Allaah will punish the creation in the Fire in shackles, fetters and chains. The Fire will be inside them and above them and beneath them,” Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, will cause the Fire to blaze with the bodies of the disbelievers. So they are firewood for the Fire of Hell.
وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ وَقُودُ النَّارِ
And they (the disbelievers) are fuel for the Fire.
(Soorah-Aali `Imraan (3), aayah 10)
It will burn with them and use their bodies as fuel and Allaah’s refuge is sought.
فَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا قُطِّعَتْ لَهُمْ ثِيَابٌ مِّن نَّارٍ يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ ..
يُصْهَرُ بِهِ مَا فِي بُطُونِهِمْ وَالْجُلُودُ
وَلَهُم مَّقَامِعُ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ
So those who disbelieve will have garments of Fire put out for them, boiling water will be poured down from above upon their heads. It will melt their insides and their skins. And there will be for them hooked rods of iron with which they will be beaten. (Sooratul-Hajj (22), aayah 19-21)
So Allaah mentioned that the torment will occur upon the bodies of the disbelievers and that the Fire will burn with them and blaze away consuming them.
يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ ..
… Boiling water will be poured down upon their heads from above. (Sooratul-Hajj (22), aayah 19)
From the Mu`tazilah, there are those who said, “They will not be tortured and the Fire will not blaze away burning their bodies. Rather, they will be punished by the Fire only. As for their bodies then they will not actually burn.” Whereas, Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says in the Qur’aan that they are the Fuel of the Fire and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:
“The first of those whom the Fire will blaze on the Day of Resurrection will be the scholar who did not act upon his knowledge and the one who gave in charity who shows off in giving charity and the mujaahid (who fought in Allaah’s path) who fought to show off.”
The word al-aghlaal (shackles), its meaning is that his hands will be bound to his neck and Allaah’s refuge is sought. And al-ankaal (fetters) are instruments of torture.
إِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ سَلَاسِلَ وَأَغْلَالًا وَسَعِيرًا
We have prepared for the disbelievers iron chains and fetters to bind their hands and a blazing Fire. (Sooratul-Insaan (76), aayah 4)
إِنَّ لَدَيْنَا أَنكَالًا وَجَحِيمًا
We have fetters and a raging Fire. (Sooratul-Muzammil (73), aayah 12)
This word al-ankaal (fetters), they are instruments of torture; Allaah’s refuge is sought. Chains and shackles and a blazing Fire. And the Fire will be in their bellies inside of them and above them and beneath them.
لَهُم مِّن جَهَنَّمَ مِهَادٌ وَمِن فَوْقِهِمْ غَوَاشٍ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الظَّالِمِينَ
They (the disbelievers) will have the Hellfire as a bed. Over them, there will be coverings of Fire and likewise, We will recompense the disbelieving wrongdoers. (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 41)
 Translator’s side point: With regard to this person mentioned here who needs refuting amongst others; Hishaam al-Footee. In the footnotes they mention that Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar said about him in Lisaan al-Mizaan; he was Hishaam ibn Umar al-Footee, he was from the companions of Al-Hudhayl and he was a caller to the position of the Mu`tazilah.
Shaykh as-Suhaymee mentions in his lectures of the explanation, he said, “His teacher was Al-Hudhayl, well-known as Al-`Allaaf and that he had this deviated belief that those who enter the Hellfire, after they have been in the Fire for some time, they will become of the same nature as the Fire so it will become natural for them to the extent that they will feel delight in the Fire. His student Hishaam al-Footee differed with his teacher, he refused to accept that they would actually enter the Fire. Rather, they will be punished next to the Fire, they will be scorched outside it.
 Reported by Muslim (1,905) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu.
Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah
Transcribed by Saima Zaher.
Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah
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