To have eemaan that Allaah will punish the creation in the Fire in Shackles, Fetters & Chains – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Bismillaah

Sharh as-Sunnah : Lesson 48: Point 81
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

Imaam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said:

And to have eemaan that Allaah will punish the creation in the Fire in shackles, fetters and chains. The Fire will be inside them and above them and below them.

Whereas, the Jahmiyyah among them Hishaam al-Footee said, “Allaah will only punish them next to the Fire” in rebuttal of Allaah and His Messenger sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam.[1]

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

His saying, And to have eemaan (truly believe) that Allaah will punish the creation in the Fire in shackles, fetters and chains. The Fire will be inside them and above them and beneath them,” Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, will cause the Fire to blaze with the bodies of the disbelievers. So they are firewood for the Fire of Hell.

وَأُولَٰئِكَ هُمْ وَقُودُ النَّارِ

And they (the disbelievers) are fuel for the Fire.
(Soorah-Aali `Imraan (3), aayah 10)

It will burn with them and use their bodies as fuel and Allaah’s refuge is sought.

فَالَّذِينَ كَفَرُوا قُطِّعَتْ لَهُمْ ثِيَابٌ مِّن نَّارٍ يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ ..

يُصْهَرُ بِهِ مَا فِي بُطُونِهِمْ وَالْجُلُودُ 

وَلَهُم مَّقَامِعُ مِنْ حَدِيدٍ

So those who disbelieve will have garments of Fire put out for them, boiling water will be poured down from above upon their heads. It will melt their insides and their skins. And there will be for them hooked rods of iron with which they will be beaten. (Sooratul-Hajj (22), aayah 19-21)

So Allaah mentioned that the torment will occur upon the bodies of the disbelievers and that the Fire will burn with them and blaze away consuming them.

 يُصَبُّ مِن فَوْقِ رُءُوسِهِمُ الْحَمِيمُ ..

Boiling water will be poured down upon their heads from above. (Sooratul-Hajj (22), aayah 19)

From the Mu`tazilah, there are those who said, “They will not be tortured and the Fire will not blaze away burning their bodies. Rather, they will be punished by the Fire only. As for their bodies then they will not actually burn.” Whereas, Allaah, the Majestic and Most High, says in the Qur’aan that they are the Fuel of the Fire and the Prophet sallAllaahu `alayhi wa sallam said:

“The first of those whom the Fire will blaze on the Day of Resurrection will be the scholar who did not act upon his knowledge and the one who gave in charity who shows off in giving charity and the mujaahid (who fought in Allaah’s path) who fought to show off.”[2]

The word al-aghlaal (shackles), its meaning is that his hands will be bound to his neck and Allaah’s refuge is sought. And al-ankaal (fetters) are instruments of torture.

إِنَّا أَعْتَدْنَا لِلْكَافِرِينَ سَلَاسِلَ وَأَغْلَالًا وَسَعِيرًا

We have prepared for the disbelievers iron chains and fetters to bind their hands and a blazing Fire. (Sooratul-Insaan (76), aayah 4)

إِنَّ لَدَيْنَا أَنكَالًا وَجَحِيمًا

We have fetters and a raging Fire. (Sooratul-Muzammil (73), aayah 12)

This word al-ankaal (fetters), they are instruments of torture; Allaah’s refuge is sought. Chains and shackles and a blazing Fire. And the Fire will be in their bellies inside of them and above them and beneath them.

لَهُم مِّن جَهَنَّمَ مِهَادٌ وَمِن فَوْقِهِمْ غَوَاشٍ ۚ وَكَذَٰلِكَ نَجْزِي الظَّالِمِينَ

They (the disbelievers) will have the Hellfire as a bed. Over them, there will be coverings of Fire and likewise, We will recompense the disbelieving wrongdoers. (Sooratul-A`raaf (7), aayah 41)

Footnotes:

[1] Translator’s side point: With regard to this person mentioned here who needs refuting amongst others; Hishaam al-Footee. In the footnotes they mention that Al-Haafidh ibn Hajar said about him in Lisaan al-Mizaan; he was Hishaam ibn Umar al-Footee, he was from the companions of Al-Hudhayl and he was a caller to the position of the Mu`tazilah.

Shaykh as-Suhaymee mentions in his lectures of the explanation, he said, “His teacher was Al-Hudhayl, well-known as Al-`Allaaf and that he had this deviated belief that those who enter the Hellfire, after they have been in the Fire for some time, they will become of the same nature as the Fire so it will become natural for them to the extent that they will feel delight in the Fire. His student Hishaam al-Footee differed with his teacher, he refused to accept that they would actually enter the Fire. Rather, they will be punished next to the Fire, they will be scorched outside it.

[2] Reported by Muslim (1,905) from a hadeeth of Aboo Hurayrah radiyAllaahu `anhu.

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
(A Gift To The Reader In Annotation Of Sharh As-Sunnah)
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Transcribed by Saima Zaher.

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhus Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

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Eemaan in the Siraat (the Bridge) over the Hellfire – Sharh as-Sunnah | Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Sharhu Sunnah : Lesson 19 : Point 19
Shaykh Fawzan | Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

The author Imam Barbahaaree rahimahullaah said,

And to have eemaan in the siraat (the Bridge) over the Hellfire. The Bridge will seize whomever Allaah wishes. And whoever Allaah wishes will cross over. And whoever Allaah wishes will fall into the Hellfire. And they will have lights in accordance with the level of their eemaan.

[Souncloud Audio Link

Transcribed Audio:

From that which will occur on the Day of Resurrection is the passing over the siraat (Bridge) as has already been mentioned. And the siraat, in the language means at-tareeq (a path). And what is meant here is the Bridge laid down over the top of the Hellfire. And it will be very thin, thinner than a hair and sharper than a sword and hotter than burning coals.

The creation will pass over it in accordance with the level of their deeds. Their deeds will cause them to proceed. So whoever is saved then he has succeeded and whoever is not saved is destroyed. And the people crossing over it will be in accordance with the level of their deeds. So some of them will cross over like the blinking of the eye. And some of them will cross over like the flash of lightening. And some of them will cross over like the wind. And some of them will cross over like fast horses. And some of them will cross over like riders upon camels. And some of them will run, running upon feet. And some of them will walk. And some of them will crawl. And some of them will be seized and thrown down into the Hellfire. And this is mentioned in the Honourable Qur’aan and in the Prophetic Sunnah.

He, the Most High, said:

So by your Lord We shall certainly gather them and the devils. Then We shall bring them around the Hellfire upon their knees.

Up until His Saying:

There is not one of you except that he will have to cross over it. It is a binding decree from your Lord. (Soorah Maryam (19), aayahs 68-71)

(‘Cross over it’) meaning the Hellfire. And this crossing, it is the crossing over the siraat, the Bridge. This is the crossing which is mentioned in the Qur’aan. And the address here is to the believers and to other than them.

There is not one of you except that he will have to cross over it. The believers and the disbelievers and the hypocrites will cross over it. All of the creation will cross over this Bridge. So whoever is saved from it (crosses it successfully) then he will enter Paradise. And whoever falls down is destroyed.

Then We will save those who had taqwaa (those who were fearful of Allaah and dutiful to Him) (Soorah Maryam (19), aayah 72)

Nothing will bring about salvation except for taqwaa (dutifulness to Allaah). Strength of body will not save nor will having plentiful wealth nor will status. Nothing will bring about salvation except taqwaa (being dutiful) to Allaah the Perfect and Most High. This is the textual statement in the Honourable Qur’aan.

And ahaadeeth occur in the Sunnah regarding the terrors of the Resurrection. And from them is the crossing over the siraat, the Bridge. So it is essential to have eemaan in the Bridge and in the crossing over it. And it is not sufficient to just believe in that; rather there must be action. So therefore a person should prepare for the crossing over it by having taqwaa (by being dutiful to Allaah); and that is righteous deeds.

His saying, “The Bridge will seize whomever Allaah wishes and whoever Allaah wishes will cross over.”

Just as He, the Most High, said:

Then We shall save those who were dutiful to Allaah and We will leave the disbelieving wrongdoers in the Hellfire upon their knees (Soorah Maryam (19), aayah 72)

Because the siraat will have hooks upon it that will seize whomever they are commanded to seize.

His saying, “he will cross”. Meaning he will pass over it.

His saying, “And they (the people) will have light in accordance with the level of their eemaan.” On the Day of Resurrection, the people of eemaan (true believers), they will have light. And they will walk within it. Just as He the Most High said:

Their light will run before them. And their books will be in their right hands. They will say O our Lord, complete our light for us and forgive us. Indeed you have full ability over everything (Sooratut-Tahreem (66), aayah 8)

And He, the Most High, said:

The Day when you shall see the believing men and the believing women with their light running before them and their books will be in their right hands. It will be said to them, glad tidings to you this day of gardens beneath which rivers flow. You will remain therein forever. That is the tremendous success. (Sooratul-Hadeed (57), aayah 12)

The munafiqoon (hypocrites) will be given light initially, because of the fact that they entered into Islaam and they outwardly displayed Islaam (in the world). So therefore they will be treated in accordance with what they outwardly showed. They will be given light, but it will be as a trick, just as they sought to trick with their Islaam. So therefore they will be given light as a trick upon them and then their light will be extinguished and they will remain in darkness.

On the Day when the hypocrites men and women will say to the believers: “Wait for us! Let us get something from your light!” It will be said: “Go back to your rear! Then seek a light!” So a wall will be put up between them, with a gate therein. Inside it will be mercy, and outside it will be torment.”

(The hypocrites) will call the believers: “Were we not with you?” The believers will reply: “Yes! But you led yourselves into temptations, you looked forward for our destruction; you doubted (in Faith); and you were deceived by false desires, till the Command of Allah came to pass. And the chief deceiver (Satan) deceived you in respect of Allah.”

So this Day no ransom shall be taken from you (hypocrites), nor of those who disbelieved, (in the Oneness of Allah Islamic Monotheism). Your abode is the Fire, that is the proper place for you, and worst indeed is that destination. (Sooratul-Hadeed (57), aayahs 13 – 15)

So eemaan will have light on the Day of Resurrection within which the person will proceed. Whereas the disbelievers and the hypocrites will be in darkness, and Allaah’s refuge is sought. They will not know where they are going.

Transcribed by Fawad Abu Zaid Al Afghaani.
Download PDF of Lesson 19

Ithaaful-Qaaree bit-Ta`leeqaat `alaa Sharhis-Sunnah
by Shaykh Saalih ibn Fowzaan al-Fowzaan
hafizahullaah
Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the full Audio Series of Sharhu Sunnah
Sharh-us-Sunnah – Shaykh Saalih Fawzaan – Dawood Burbank [Audio|En]

Visit : Book Study of Sharhu Sunnah of Imaam Barbahaaree

Related Linkhttps://abdurrahman.org/finaljourney/

Whoever Allah wishes from them will go to Paradise, through His Favour (Fadl) – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 48 : Point [175-177]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

175. So whoever He wishes from them will go to Paradise, through His Favour (Fadl); and whoever He wishes from them will go to the Fire, from His Justice (‘Adl).

176. And everyone will act in accordance with what has been decreed for him and is going towards the destination he was created for.

177. And good and evil are pre-decreed for the servants

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Related Linksabdurrahman.org/finaljourney

The Paradise and the Fire are both already created and they will never finish or pass away – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah: Lesson 48 : Point [173-174]
Dawud Burbank [Audio|English]

173. And the Paradise and the Fire are both already created; they will never finish or pass away.
174. And that Allaah- the Most High- created Paradise and the Fire before the rest of creation, and He created inhabitants for both of them.

[Souncloud Audio Link]

At-Ta`leeqaat Al-Mukhtasarah `alaa Matn Al-`Aqeedah AtTahaawiyyah. By Shaykh Saalih ibn Fawzaan al-Fawzaan hafizahullaah. Translated by Aboo Talhah Daawood Burbank, rahimahullaah, in 1426AH

Posted with kind permission from Dawud Burbank rahimahullaah

Listen to the Full Audio Series of Aqeedah Tahaawiyyah:
Explanation of Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Dawud Burbank [Audio|En]

Book Study Resource : Aqeedah at-Tahaawiyyah – Imam at-Tahaawi

Related Linksabdurrahman.org/finaljourney

Aqeedah of the Salaf: Eemaan in Paradise and Hell & That They Are Both Created – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

The Explanation of the Creed of the Salaf,  by Imaam Abee Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin Abdir-Rahmaan As-Saaboonee,rahimahullaah, as explained by our noble sheikh al-Allaamah Rabee’ bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee, hafidhahullaah.

Audio Lecture by: Abu Muhammad al Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)

[The below is the Text from the Book]

Chapter 12: Eemaan in Paradise & Hell
& That They are Both Created

[91] Ahl us-Sunnah testify and believe that Paradise and Hell are both created. They will remain eternally and the people of Paradise will never leave it. Also the inhabitants of Hell, who were created for it, will never come out of it. Death will be sacrificed on the wall between Paradise and Hell, then a call will be made that day:

..O people of Paradise, there is eternity and no death. O people of Hell, there is eternity and no death.

This is what is reported authentically from the Messenger of Allaah [صلى الله عليه وسلم) [107)

Footnotes:

[107] Related by al Bukhaaree [4730,6544 – 6545,6548 ] and Muslim [2850]

Listen to the full audio explanation of the Book:
http://followthesalaf.com/?tag=Aqeedatus-Salaf

Aqeedah of the Salaf: The Hawd & The Kawthar (The Pool & The River) – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Audio|En]

The Explanation of the Creed of the Salaf,  by Imaam Abee Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin Abdir-Rahmaan As-Saaboonee,rahimahullaah, as explained by our noble sheikh al-Allaamah Rabee’ bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee, hafidhahullaah.

Audio Lecture by: Abu Muhammad al Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)

[The below is the Text from the Book]

The Hawd & The Kawthar (The Pool & The River)

[89] They believe in the Hawd [102] and the Kawthar. Also in the entering of a group of Ahl ut-Tawheed into Paradise without account. There will also be a group from them who will have an easy reckoning, without any harm befalling them, or any punishment overtaking them. A group from them who had sinned will enter the Fire, then they will be freed and led out of it and joined up with their brothers who preceded them in entering Paradise. [103]

They ( i.e. Ahl Hadeeth ) know with certainty and truth that the sinful from amongst the Ahl ut Tawlieed will not remain in the Fire eternally, and will not be left there forever. [104] As for the unbelievers, they shall abide in Hell forever and never come out of it nor shall they ever be reprieved. Allaah will never leave in the Fire anyone, who was disobedient from Ahl ul-Eemaan.

Footnotes:

[102] TRANSLATORS NOTE ~ The Messenger of Allaah, (صلى الله عليه وسلم) , said:

My pool takes one month to cross. Its water is whiter then milk and its smell is nicer than musk. Its drinking cups are like the stars in the sky. One who drinks from it will never be thirsty again.

Related by al-Bukhaaree [ 6579]

[103] TRANSLATORS NOTE ~ Contrary to what the Mu’tazilah say.

[104] TRANSLATORS NOTE ~ Contrary to what the Khawaarij say.

 

Part 01:

Part 02:

Listen to the full audio explanation of the Book:
http://followthesalaf.com/?tag=Aqeedatus-Salaf

Aqeedah of the Salaf: The Outcome of the Slaves is Unknown – Abu Muhammad al Maghribee [Audio|En]

The Explanation of the Creed of the Salaf,  by Imaam Abee Uthmaan Ismaa’eel bin Abdir-Rahmaan As-Saaboonee,rahimahullaah, as explained by our noble sheikh al-Allaamah Rabee’ bin Haadee Al-Madkhalee, hafidhahullaah.

Audio Lecture by: Abu Muhammad al Maghribee (hafidhahullaah)

[The below is the Text from the Book]

Chapter 20: The Outcome of the Slaves is Unknown

[115] The People of Hadeeth believe and testify that the end of the slave is unknown. No one knows what his end shall be. They (People of Hadeeth) do not pass judgement on a specific person that he will be from the people of Paradise or from the people of Hell, because that is something which is hidden from them. They do not know in which state a person will die, whether it is upon Islaam or unbelief, so due to this fact they say:

“Indeed we are Believers, if Allaah wills.”

That is, from those Believers who will have a good end, if Allaah wills [134]

[134] TRANSLATORS NOTE ~ The Prophet(صلى الله عليه وسلم), said:

Do not be delighted by the actions of anyone until you see how he ends up”.

Related by Ahmad [ 3:120,223 ] and lbn Abee ‘Aasim [ 393-395 ]. The isnaad is Saheeh.

Chapter 21: The Ruling Upon On One Who Died Upon Belief Or Unbelief

[l16] And the People of Hadeeth witness for the one who dies upon Islaam that his end will be Paradise even if their fate was written by Allaah that they will be punished with the Fire for a period, as a result of their sins which they committed and did not repent from. They will eventually enter Paradise and no one from amongst the Muslims will remain in Hell eternally. This is a great blessing and favour from Allaah. If one dies upon unbelief, and Allaah’s protection is sought from this, he will be thrown into the Fire and he will not be saved from it, and he will stay there forever.

Part 01:

Part 02:

Listen to the full audio explanation of the Book:
http://followthesalaf.com/?tag=Aqeedatus-Salaf

Exiting from the Fire for those who Worshipped Allaah Alone – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah

20 – Exiting from the Fire for those who Worshipped Allaah Alone

225 – When the believers will have finished from the fire on the Day of Judgment and become secure. Then one of you arguing for the truth, in the Duniya for his companion will not be more intense than the debating of the believers with their Lord, regarding their brothers whom had been entered into the fire.

He said: they will say: Our Lord! These are our brothers they used to pray along with us, and fast along with us, and perform the Hajj along with us, and you have entered them into the fire.

He said: that Allaah will say: “go and take out those whom you know.”

So they will come to them, and they will know them by their faces. The fire would not have eaten their faces. From amongst them there will be, he whom the fire has reached half way up his shins, and he whom the fire has reached to his ankles, and they will take them out.

The believers will say: “We took out those whom You have commanded to take out.”

Then Allaah will say: “Take out he who has the weight of a dirham of Emaan in his heart. Then the one who has the weight of half a dirham,’ until He says: He who has an atom’s weight in his heart.

Abu Sa’eed said: whoever does not believe this, then let him read this Ayaah : << Surely! Allaah wrongs not even of the weight of an atom, but if there is any good (done), He doubles it, and gives from him a great reward. >>

He said: The Believers will say: “O our Lord! Indeed we have taken out those whom You have commanded to take out.’ Then there will not remain anyone in the fire who has good in himself.”

He said: Then Allaah will say: the Angels have interceded, and the Prophets have interceded, and the believers have interceded and The Most Merciful of those who shows mercy remains.

He said : Then Allaah will grab a handful from the fire – or He said : two handfuls – of people who never did any good for Allaah at all, indeed they will be burnt so much that they will have become charcoal.

He said: they will be brought to water, which is said to be called the water of life. It will be poured on them they will sprout out like the seed sprouts after what is left over by the torrential floods, they will come out of their bodies like pearls, and they will have a stamp on their necks, saying: those freed by Allaah.

He said: it will be said to them: Enter into Paradise, whatever you wish for or anything you see then it is for you, and I have something with Me which is better than that. He said: They will say: Our Lord! What can be better than this?

He said: Allaah will say: My being pleased with you, I will never be angry with you.”

1661- “Indeed Allaah Azza wa Jal will take out a people from the fire after nothing remains of them except for their faces and Allaah will enter them into Paradise.” The hadeeth is in saheeh al-Bukhari (4/463-464) by a different narration on the authority of Abu Sa’eed in a narration ascribed to the Prophet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam, and he mentions the whole of the hadeeth of the intercession; and in it, is stated: “Allaah Ta’aala will say:

Go to those whom you find in their hearts the equivalent to a dinar of Emaan and take them out of the fire, Allaah prohibits the fire from their faces…

1450 – “Take out of the fire whoever has in his heart the equivalent of an atom worth of Emaan.”

1451- “Some people from the people of Tawheed will be punished in the fire, until they will be like charcoal, then mercy will reach them. They will be taken out and thrown at the doors of Paradise. He said: then the people of Paradise will sprinkle water upon them, they will sprout like seeds left over, sprouts after the torrential floods, then they will enter paradise.”

Posted from: The Ahadeeth of Tawheed, Part 05, Explained By the Muhaaddith, the Allaamah, Shaykh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimullaah), Source: Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani (rahimahullaah), Translated by: Abbas Abu Yahya (hafidhahullaah)

Reference: AbdurRahman.org

The Covenant that Allaah Took from His Slaves – Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah

22- The Covenant that Allaah Took from His Slaves

172- “Allaah will say to the one who has been punished the least from the people of the Hell-fire on the Day of Judgment: ‘O son of Adam! How have you found your resting place?’

He will say: ’An evil resting place!’

It will be said to him: ‘If you had the world and everything in it, would you ransom yourself with it?’

He will say: Yes.

Allaah will say: You have lied, what I wanted from you was less than that, while you were in the spine (and in another narration: in the back) of Adam, that you do not associate anything with Me, and I will not enter you into the fire, but you refused and committed Shirk. He will be ordered to be taken to the fire.’

Regarding this hadeeth:

Regarding His saying: ‘He will say: you have lied.’ An-Nawawee said:

‘It means: If We returned you to the Duniya, you would not have ransomed it, because you were asked for something easier than that but you refused. This will have the same meaning as in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< But if they were returned (to the world), they would certainly revert to that which they were forbidden. And indeed they are liars >>

Therefore, the meaning of this hadeeth is combined with the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< If they had all that is in the earth, and as much again therewith to ransom themselves thereby >>

Regarding, His saying: ‘I wanted from you’: i.e. I would have loved from you. When the word ‘Allaah’s Will’ (al-Irada) is mentioned in the Sharia’, it is used in the absolute sense. It means what is general both from the good and the bad, guidance and misguidance.

As is mentioned in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< And whomsoever Allaah wills to guide, He opens his heart to Islaam, and whomsoever He wills to send astray, He makes his heart closed and constricted, as if he is climbing up to the sky. >>

This Will of Allaah (al-Irada) is that which will most definitely happen. Sometimes when this Will of Allaah (al-Irada) is applied it means, that which is the synonym of love and being pleased. As is mentioned in the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< Allaah intends for you ease, and He does not want to make things difficult for you >>

That is the meaning of the intent of the saying of Allaah Ta’ala in this hadeeth:

‘I wanted from you’ i.e. that I loved from you. The Will of Allaah (al-Irada) with this meaning might not happen, since Allaah Tabaraka wa Ta’ala does not force anyone to obey Him, even though He created them because of it.

<< Then whosoever wills, let him believe, and whosoever wills, let him disbelieve >>

So, therefore Allaah Tabarak wa Ta’ala could want from His slave that what Allaah does not love from His slave, and Allaah loves from His slave that which His slave does not want.

Ibn al-Qayyim -may Allaah have mercy upon him – called this Will of Allaah (alIrada) a will of the order of being (al-Irada), taking that from the saying of Allaah Ta’ala:

<< Verily, His Command, when He intends a thing, is only that He says to it, “Be!” and it is>>

He called the other Will (al-Irada) which is a synonym for ‘being pleased’: the Sharia’ Will (al-Irada).

Whoever understands this division, then he has a solution to many of the problems of understanding the issues of al-Qadaa (Allaah’s ordainment of everything in creation) and al-Qadr (Allaah’s Pre-decree for the creation). And he will succeed from the fitna (tribulations) of the stance of those who say that a person does actions under force, or who hold the beliefs of the Mu’tazilah. The explanation of this can be found in the magnificent book ‘Shifaa’ al-Aleel al-Qadaa wal-Qadr wal-Hikmaah wa Ta’aleel’ by Ibn al-Qayyim -May Allaah have mercy upon him.

Regarding His saying: ‘……. and you were in the spine of Adam.’ Qadi Iyaad said:

‘The Messenger indicates to the saying of Allaah Ta’ala << And (remember) when your Lord brought forth from the Children of Adam, from their loins, their seed (or from Adam’s loin his offspring)>>, in the Ayaah.

This covenant was taken from them while they were in the spine of Adam. So, whoever fulfills it after he is brought into this world then he is a believer, and whoever does not fulfill it, is a Kaffir.

Therefore, the intent of this hadeeth is: I wanted from you when I took the covenant, but you refused so I took you to the Duniya but you committed Shirk.’

This is mentioned in ‘al-Fath’

Posted from: The Ahadeeth of Tawheed, Part 06, Explained By the Muhaaddith, the Allaamah, Shaykh Naasirud-Deen al-Albaanee (rahimullaah), Source: Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani (rahimahullaah), Translated by: Abbas Abu Yahya (hafidhahullaah)

Reference: AbdurRahman.org

Sahih Muslim : Book 39: The Book Giving Description of the Day of Judgement, Paradise and Hell (Kitab Sifat Al-Qiyamah wa’l Janna wa’n-Nar)

Translation of Sahih Muslim, Book 39:

The Book Giving Description of the Day of Judgement, Paradise and Hell (Kitab Sifat Al-Qiyamah wa’l Janna wa’n-Nar)

Chapter 1: DESCRIPTION OF THE DAY OF JUDGMENT, PARADISE AND HELL


Book 039, Number 6698:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: A bulky person would be brought on the Day of judgment and he would not carry the weight to the eye of Allah equal even to that of a gnat. Nor shall We set up a balance for them on the Day of Resurrection” (xviii. 105).


Book 039, Number 6699:

Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported that a Jew scholar came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace he upon him) and said. Muhammad, or Abu al-Qasim, verify, Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. would carry the Heavens on the Day of Judgment upon one finger and earths upon one finger and the mountains and trees upor one finger and the ocean and moist earth upon one finger-in fact the whole of the creation upon one finger, and then He would stir them and say: I am your Lord, I am your Lord. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) smiled testifying what that scholar had said. He then recited this verse:” And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him; and the whole earth will be in His grip on the Day of Resurrection and the heaven* r*Utd up in His right hand. Glory be to Him I and highly Exalted is Re above what they associate (with Him)” (xxxix. 67).


Book 039, Number 6700:

This hadlth has been narrated on the authority of Mansur with the same chain of truemittm (and the words are): A Jew scholar came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). The rest of the hadith is the same, but there is no mention of” then He would stir them.” But there is this addition:” I saw Allah’s Messengcr (may peace be upon him) smiling so much that his front teeth appeared and testifying him (th Jew scholar) ; then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) recited the verse:” And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him” (xxxix. 67).


Book 039, Number 6701:

Abdullah reported that a person from the People of the Book came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace he upon him) and said: Abu al-Qasim, verify, Allah would carry tho Reavmo upon one finger and the earths upon one finger and the trees and moist earth upon one finger and in fact the whole of the creation upon one finger and then say: I am your Lord. I an your Lord. And he (the narrator) further said: I saw Allah’s Massenger (may peace be upon him) fooling so much hppy that his front teeth became visible and then he recited the Yeife:” And they honour not Allah with the honour due to Him” (xxxix. 67).


Book 039, Number 6702:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6703:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, will take in His grip the earth ou the Day of Judgment and He would roll up the sky in His right hand and would say: I am the Lord; wbere are the sovereigns of the world?


Book 039, Number 6704:

Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would fold the Heavens on the Day of Judgment and then He would place them on His tight hand and say: I am the Lord; where are the haughty and where are the proud (today)? He would fold the’ earth (placing it) on the lef t hand and say: I am the Lord; where are the haughty and where are the proud (today)?


Book 039, Number 6705:

Abdullah b. Miqsam reported that he saw Abdullah b. Umar as he narrated Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, would take in His hand His Heavens and His Earth, and would say: I am Allah. And He would clench His fingers and then would open them (and say): I am your Lord. I saw the pulpit in commotion from underneath because of something (vib-ating) there. And (I felt this commotion so much) that I said (to myself): It may not fall with Allah’s Massenger (may peace be upon him) upon it.


Book 039, Number 6706:

Abdullah b. Miqsam reported that ‘Abdullah b. ‘Umar reported: I saw Allah’h Messenger (may peace be upon him) upon the pulpit and he was saying that the Mighty Lord, the Exalted and Glorious would take hold of the Heavens and earth in His hand. The rest of the hadith is the same,

Chapter 2: THE BEGINNING OF THE CREATION AND THE CREATION OF ADAM (PEACE BE UPON HIM)


Book 039, Number 6707:

Abu Haraira reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) took hold of my hands and said: Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, created the clay on Saturday and He created the mountains on Sunday and He created the trees on Monday and He created the things entailing labour on Tuesday and created light on Wednesday and lie caused the animals to spread on Thursday and created Adam (peace be upon him) after ‘Asr on Friday;the last creation at the last hour of the hours of Friday, i. e. between afternoon and night.

Chapter 3: PERTAINING TO RE-BIRTH, ASSEMBLING AND CHARACTERISTICS OF THE EARTH ON THE DAY OF RESURRECTION


Book 039, Number 6708:

Sahl b. Sa’d reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: The people will be assembled on tee Day of Resurrection on a white plain with a reddish tinge like the loaf of white bread with no marks set up for anyone.


Book 039, Number 6709:

‘A’isha reported: I asked Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) about the words of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious:” The day when the earth would be changed for another earth and Heaven would be changed for another Heaven (XiV. 48), (and inquired: ) (Allah’s Messenger), where would the people be on tnat day? He said: They would be on the Sirit.

Chapter 4: THE FEAST FOR THE INHABITANTS OF PARADISE


Book 039, Number 6710:

Abu al-Sa’id Khudri reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying that the earth would turn to be one single bread on the Day of Resurrection and the Almighty would turn it in His hand as one of you turns a loaf while on a journey. It would be a feast arranged in the honour of the people of Paradise. He (the narrator) further narrated that a person from among the Jews came and he said: Abu al-Qasim, may the Compassionate Lord be pleased with you! May I inform you about the feast arranged in honour of the people of Paradise on the Day of Resurrection? He said: Do it, of course. He said: The earth would become one single bread. Then Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) looked towards us and laughed until his molar teeth became visible. He then again said: May I inform you about that with which they would season it? He said: Do it, of course. He said: Their seasoning would be balim and fish. The Companions of the Holy Prophet (may peace be upon him) said: What is this balam? He said: Ox and fish from whose excessive livers seventy thousand people would be able to eat.


Book 039, Number 6711:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: If ten scholars of the Jews would follow me, no Jew would be left upon the surface of the earth who would not embrace Islam.

Chapter 5: THE QUESTION OF A JEW FROM ALLAH’S MESSENGER (MAY PEACE BE UPON HIM) ABOUT SOUL AND HIS WORDS.” THEY ASK THEE ABOUT THE SOUL”


Book 039, Number 6712:

‘Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) reported: As I was going aloog with Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) in a cultivable land and he (the Holy Prophet) was walking with the support of a wood, a group of Jews happened to meet him. Some of them said to the others: Ask him about the Soul. They said: Wbat is your doubt about it? There is a possibility that you may ask him about anything (the answer of) which you may not like. They said: Ask him. So one amongst them asked him about the Soul. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) kept quiet and he gave no reply and I came to know that revelation was being sent to him, so I stood at my place and thus this revelation descended upon him:” They ask thee ‘about Soul. Say: The Soul is by the Commandment of my Lord, and of Knowledge you are given but a little” (xvii. 58).


Book 039, Number 6713:

Abdullah reported: I was walking along with Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) in a field of Medina. The rest of the hadith is the same, but there is a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6714:

Abdullah reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon h@) was reclining against a tree in the garden. The rest of the hadith is the same. but there is a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6715:

Khabbab reported that al-As b. Wa’il owed debt to me. I came to him in order to demand that. He said: I will never repay you unless you belie Mubammad. I said: I would never belie Mubammad until you die and you are again raised up. He said: When I would be raised up after death, I would repay your debt when I would get my property and children back. Waki’ said: This is how Almash has narrated and it was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:” Hast thou seen him who dis. believes in Our message and says: I shall certainly be given wealth and children’ (xis, 77) up to” he would come to Us alone” (xiX. 80).


Book 039, Number 6716:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Khabbib through another chain of transmitters and the words are. I in the pre-Islamic days used to work as an iron-smith. I did some work for ‘As b. Wa’il and came to him for getting the remuneration of my wages.

Chapter 6: PERTAINING TO THE WORDS OF ALLAIIH: ALLAH WOULD NEVER PUNISH THEM SO LONG AS YOU ARE AMONGST THEM”


Book 039, Number 6717:

Anas b. Malik reported that Abu Jahl said: O Allah, if he is true, then shower upon us the volley of stones from the sky or inflict upon us a grievous torment, and it was on this occasion that this verse was revealed:” ‘Allah would never torment them so long as you are amongst them. And Allah is not going to torment them as long as they seek forgiveness. And why is it that Allah should not torment them and they prevent people from coming to the sacred mosque….” (viii. 34) to the end.

Chapter 7: PERTAINING TO THE WORDS OF ALLAH:” NAY, BUT VERILY MAN IS INORDINATE, BECAUSE HE LOOKS UPON HIMSELF AS SELF-SUFFICIENT”


Book 039, Number 6718:

Abu Huraira reported that Abu Jahl asked (people) whether Mubammad placed his face (on the ground) in their presence. It was said to him: Yes. He said: By Lit and Uzza. If I were to see him do that, I would trample his neck, or I would beamear his face with dust. He came to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as he was engaged in prayer and thought of trampling his neck (and the people say) that he came near him but turned upon his heels and tried to repulse something with his hands. It was said to him: What is the matter with you? He said: There is between me and him a ditch of fire and terror and wings. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him) said: If he were to come near me the angels would have torn him to pieces. Then Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed this verse- (the narrator) said: We do not whether it is the hadith transmitted te Abu Huraira or something conveyed to him from another source:” Nay, man is surely inordinate, because he looks upon himself as self-sufficient. Surely to thy Lord is the return. Hast thou seen him who forbids a servant when he prays? Seest thou if he is on the right way, or enjoins observance of piety? Seest thou if he [Abu Jah]] denies and turns away? Knowest he not that Allah sees? Nay. if he desists not, We will seize him by the forelock-a lying, sinful forelock. Then let him summon his council. We will summon the guards of the Hell. Nay! Obey not thou him” (Icvi. 6-19). (Rather prostrate thyself.) Ubaidullah made this addition: It was after this that (prostration) was enjoined upon and Ibn Abd al-Ala made this addition that by Nadia he meant his people.


Book 039, Number 6719:

Masruq reported: We were sitting in the company of Abdullah and he was lying on the bed that a person came and said: Abd Abd al-Rabmin, a story-teller at the gates of Kinda says that the verse (of the Qur’an) which deals with the” smoke” implies that which is about to come and it would hold the breath of the infidels and would inflict the believers with cold. Thereupon Abdullah got up and said in anger. O people, fear Allah and say only that which one knows amongst you and do not say which he does not know and he should simply say: Allah has the best knowledge for He has the best knowledge amongst all of you. It does not behove him to say that which he does not know. Allah has the best knowledge of it. Verily Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said to His Prophet (may peace be upon him) to state:” I do not ask from you any remuneration and I am not the one to put you in trouble,” and when Allah’s Mesqenger (may peace be upon him) saw people turning back (from religion) he said: O Allah, afflict thern with seven famines as was done in the case of Yusuf, so they were afflicted with famine by which they were forced to eat everything until they were obliged to eat the hides and the dead bodies because of hunger, and every one of them looked towards the sky and he found a smoke. And Abu Sufyan came and he said: Muhammad, you have come to command us to obey Allah and cement the ties of blood- relation whereas your people are undone; supplicate Allah for tlicm. Thereupon Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, said:” Wait for the day when there would be clear smoke from the sky which would envelop people and that would be grievous torivent” up to the words:” you are going to return to (evil).” (if this verse implied the torment of the next life) could the chastisement of the next (life) be averted (as the Qur’an states): On the day when We seize (them) with the most violent seizing; surely We shall exact retribution” (xliv. 16)? The seizing (in the hadith) implies that of the Day of Badr. And so far as the sign of smoke, seizing, inevitability and signs of Rome are concern- ed, they have become things of the past now.


Book 039, Number 6720:

Masruq reported that there came to Abdullah a person and said: I have left behind in the mosque a man who explains the Qur’an according to his personal discretion and he explained this verse:” So wait for the day when the Heaven brings a clear smoke.” He says that a smoke would come to the people on the Day of Resurrection anl it will withhold breath and they would be inflicted with cold. ‘Abdullah said: He who has knowledge should say something and he who has no knowledge should simply say: Allah is best aware. This reflects the understanding of a person that he should say about that which he does not know that it is Allah who knows best. The fact is that when the Quraish disobeyed Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) he supplicated Allah that they should be afflicted with famine and starvation as was done in case of Yusuf. And they were so much hard pressed that a person would ace the sky and he would see between him and the sky something like smoke and they were so much hard pressed that they began to cat the bones, and a person came to Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) and said: Allah’s Messenger. seek forgiveness for the tribe of Mudar for (its people) have been undone. The Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: For Mudar? You are overbold, but he supplicated Allah for them. It was upon this that this verse was revealed:” We shall remove the chastisement a little, but they will surely return to evil” (xliv. 15). lie (the narrator) said: There was a downpoor of rain upon them. When there was some relief for them they returned to the same position as they had been before, and Allah, the Exalted and Glorious, revealed this verse:” So wait for the day when the heaven brings a clear smoke enveloping people. This is a grievous torment on the day when We seize them with the most violent seizing; surely, We shall exact retribution.” And this (seizing) implied (Battle) of Badr.


Book 039, Number 6721:

Abdullah said that five signs have (become things) of the past (and have proved the truth of the Holy Prophet): (Enveloping) by the smoke, inevitable (punishment to the Meccans at Badr), (the victory of) Rome, (violent) seizing (of the Meccans at Badr) and (the splitting up of) the Moon.


Book 039, Number 6722:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 039, Number 6723:

Ubayy b. Ka’b reported that the words of Allah, the Exalted and Glorious:” We will, surely, make them taste the lesser punishment before the severer punishment (that haply they may return)” (xxxii. 21) imply the torments of the world. (victory of) Rome, seizing (of the Meccans), or smoke. And Shalba was in doubt about seizing or smoke.

Chapter 8: THE SPLITTING UP OF THE MOON (A GREAT MIRACLE)


Book 039, Number 6724:

Abu Ma’mar reported on the authority of Abdullah that the moon was split up during lifetime by Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) in two parts and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Bear testimony to this.


Book 039, Number 6725:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abdullah b. Mas’ud (who said): We were along with Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) at Mina, that moon was split up into two. One of its parts was behind the mountain and the other one was on this side of the mountain. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upbn him) said to us: Bear witness to this.


Book 039, Number 6726:

‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported that the moon was split up in two parts during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him). The mountain covered one of its parts and one part of it was above the mountain and Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Bear witness to this.


Book 039, Number 6727:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Shu’ba with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6728:

Anas reported that the people of Mecca demanded from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he should show them (some) signs (miracles) and he showed tlicin the splitting of the moon. This hadlth has been narrated on the authority of Anas through another chain of transmitters.


Book 039, Number 6729:

Anas reported that the moon was split up in two parts and in the hadith recorded in Abu Dawud, the words are:” The moon was split up into two parts during the life of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him).”


Book 039, Number 6730:

Ibn ‘Abbas reported that the moon was split up during the lifetime of Allah’s Messenger (may peace he upon him).

Chapter 9: THERE IS NONE TO SHOW MORE PATIENCE THAN ALLAH, THE EXALTED AND GLORIOUS, ON ATTRIBUTING WRONG THINGS TO HIM


Book 039, Number 6731:

AbU Musa reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: There is none to show more patience at listening to the most irksome things than Allah, the Exalted and Glorious. ‘ Partnership is associated to Him (polytheism). and (fatherhood) of a child is attributed to HiM, but in spite of this He protects them (people) and provides them sustenance. This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Abu Muas with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6732:

Abdullah b. Qais reported from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that none is more forbearing in listening to the most irksome things than Allah, the Exalted. They associate rivals with him, attribute sonhood to Him, but in spite of this He provides them sustenance, grants them safety, confers upon them so many things.


Book 039, Number 6733:

Anas b. Malik reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Allah, the Exalted and High, would say to one who shall have to undergo the least torture (on the Day of Resurrection): Would you like to go as ransom if you had all worldly riches; he would say: Yes. Allah would say to him: When you were in the loins of Adam, I demadded from you something easier than this that you should not associate anything with Me. (The narrator says): I think He also said: I would not cause you to enter Hell-Fire but you defied and attributed Divinity (to others besides Me).


Book 039, Number 6734:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik through another chain of transmitters, but with a slight variation of wording (and the words are): I shall cause him to enter Hell.” (The words subsequent to these) have not been mentioned.


Book 039, Number 6735:

Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be u n him) said: It would be said to the non-believers on the Day of Resurrection: If you were to possess gold, filling the whole earth, would you like to secure your freedom by paying that? He would say: Yes. Thereupon it would be said to him: Something easier (than this) was demanded from you (but you paid no heed to it).


Book 039, Number 6736:

Anas reported this hadlth through another chain of transmitters and the words are:” It would be said to him: You have told a lie; what had been demanded from you was quite easier than this (the belief in the Oneness of Allah).”

Chapter 10: THE NON-BELIEVERS WOULD BE MADE TO CRAWL ON THEIR FACES


Book 039, Number 6737:

Anas b. Malik reported that a person said: Allah’s Messenger, how the non-believers would be made to assemble on the Day of Resurrection (by crawling) on their faces? Thereupon he said: Is He Who is powerfnl to make them walk on their feet is not powerful enough to make them (crawl) upon their faces on the Day of Resurrection? Qatada said: Of conrse, it is so. (He adjured): By the might of our Lord.

Chapter 11: DIPPING OF THE MOST AFFLUENT PEOPLE OF THE WORLD IN THE HELL-FIRE AND DIPPING OF THE MOST (WORLDLY) MISERABLE IN PARADISE


Book 039, Number 6738:

Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said that one amongst the denizens of Hell who had led a life of ease and plenty amongst the people of the world would be made to dip in Fire only once on the Day of Resurrection and then it would be said to him: O, son of Adam, did you find any comfort, did you happen to get any material blessing? He would say: By Allah, no, my Lord. And then that person from amongst the persons of the world be brought who had led the most miserable life (in the world) from amongst the inmates of Paradise. and he would be made to dip once in Paradise and it would be said to him. 0, son of Adam, did you face, any hardship? Or had any distress fallen to your lot? And he would say: By Allah, no,0 my Lord, never did I face any hardship or experience any distress.


Book 039, Number 6739:

Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Verily, Allah does nut treat a believer unjustly in regard to his virtues. He would confer upon him (His blessing) in this world and would give him reward in the Hereafter. And as regards a non-believer. he would be made to taste the reward (of virtue in this world) what as has done for himself so much that when it would be the Hereafter. he would find no virtue for which he should be rewarded.


Book 039, Number 6740:

Anas b. Malik reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) thus told him: When a non-believer does good he is made to taste Its reward in this world. And so far as the believer is concerned, Allah stores (the reward) of his virtues for the Hereafter and provides him sustenance in accordance with his obedience to Him.


Book 039, Number 6741:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Anas b. Malik through another chain of transmitters.

Chapter 12: THE SIMILITUDE OF A BELIEVER AND A NON-BELIEVER


Book 039, Number 6742:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: The Similitude of a believer is that of (a standing) crop which the air continues to toss from one side to another; in the same way a believer always (receives the strokes) of misfortune. The similitude of a hypocrite is that of a cypress tree which does not move until it is uprooted.


Book 039, Number 6743:

This badith has been narrated on the authority of Zuhri with the same chain of transmitters, but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6744:

Ka’b reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said that the similitude of a believer is that of a standing crop in a field which is shaken by wind and then it comes to its original position but it stands at its roots. The similitude of a non-believer is that of a cypress tree which stands on its roots and nothing shakes it but it is uprooted (with) one (violent stroke).


Book 039, Number 6745:

Ka’b b. Malik reported on the authority of his father that the similitude of a believer is that of a standing crop. The wind sometimes shakes it and sometimes raises it up and then it comes to its destined end. And the similitude of a hypocrite is that of a cypress tree which is not affected by anything but is uprooted once for all. This badith has been narrated through another chain, of transmitters also.


Book 039, Number 6746:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Ibn Ka’b through another chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.

Chapter 13: THE BELIEVER IS LIKENED TO THE DATE-PALM TREE


Book 039, Number 6747:

‘Abdullah b. Umar reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: There is a tree amongst trees, the leaves of which do not wither and that is like a Muslim; tell me which that (tree) can be? The people began to think of the trees of the forest. Abdullah said: I thought that it could be the date-palm tree, but I felt hesitant (to say that). They (the Companions) then said: Allah’s Messenger, (kindly) tell us which that can be? Thereupon he said: It is the date-palm tree. I made a mention of that to ‘Umar, whereupon he said: Had you said that it meant the date-palin tree, this statement of yours (would have been dearer to me) than such and such things.


Book 039, Number 6748:

Ibn Umar reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) one day said to his Companions: Tell me about a tree which has resemblance with a believer. The people began to mention (different) trees of the forest. Ibn ‘Umar said: It was instilled in my mind or in my heart and it stuck therein that it implied the date- palm tree. I made up my mind to make a mention of that but could not do that because of the presence of the elderly people there. When there was a hush amongst them (after they had expressed their views), Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: It Is the date-palm tree.


Book 039, Number 6749:

Mujahid said: (I have had the privilege) of accompanying Ibn ‘Umar up to Medina but I did not hear him narrate anything from Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) except one hadith. And he said: We were in the presence of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that there was brought to him the kernel of a date. The rest of the hadith is the same.


Book 039, Number 6750:

Mujahid reported: I heard Ibn ‘Umar as saying: There was brought to Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) the kernel. The rest of the hadith is tile same.


Book 039, Number 6751:

Ibn Umar reported: We were’in the company of Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) that he said: Tell me of a tree which has resemblance to a Muslim and the leaves of which do not wither. Ibrahim said that perhaps Imam Muslim had stated like this: It constantly bears fruit but I have, however, seen [It does not bear fruit constantly]. Ibn Umar said: It crossed my mind that it could be the date-palm tree, but as I saw Aba Bakr and Umar observe silence, I did not deem it fit that I should speak or I should say something. ‘Umar said: Had you said so, it would have been dearer to me than such and such thing.

Chapter 14: THE MISCHIEF OF SATAN IN THE MUSLIM SOCIETY AND SENDING HIS DETACHMENTS FOR THE CREATION OF TURMOIL, AND THERE IS A DEVIL ATTACHED TO EVERY PERSON


Book 039, Number 6752:

Jabir reported: I heard Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) as saying: Verily, the Satan has lost all hopes that the worshippers would ever worship (him) in the peninsula of Arabia, but he (is hopeful) that he would sow the seed of dissension amongst them.


Book 039, Number 6753:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of A’mash with the same chain of transmitters.


Book 039, Number 6754:

Jabir reported: I heard Allah’s Messenger (way peace be upon him) as saying: The throne of Iblis is upon the ocean and he sends detachments (to different parts) inorder to put people to trial and the most important figure in his eyes is one who is most notorious in sowing the seed of dissension.


Book 039, Number 6755:

Jabir reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: Iblis places his throne upon water; he then sends detachments (for creating dissension) ; the nearer to him in rank are those who are most notorious in creating dissension. One of them comes and says: I did so and so. And he says: You have done nothing. Then one amongst them comes and says: I did not spare so and so until I sowed the seed of discord between a husband and a wife. The Satan goes near him and says: ‘You have done well. A’mash said: He then embraces him.


Book 039, Number 6756:

Jabir reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upqn him) said: The Satan sends detachments of his own in order to put people to trial and the highest in rank, in his eyes, is one who is most notorious in sowing the seed of dissension.


Book 039, Number 6757:

Abdullah b. Mas’ud reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: There is none amongst you with whom is not an attache from amongst the jinn (devil). They (the Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger, with you too? Thereupon he said: Yes, but Allah helps me against him and so I am safe from his hand and he does not command me but for good.


Book 039, Number 6758:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Mansiir with the same chain of transmitters but with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6759:

A’isha the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported that one day Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) came out of her (apartment) during the night and she felt jealous. Then he came and he saw me (in what agitated state of mind) I was. He said: A’isha, what has happened to you? Do you feel jealous? Thereupon she said: How can it he (that a woman like me) should not feel jealous in regard to a husband like you. Thereupon Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) said: It was your devil who had come to you, and she said: Allah’s Mes- senger, is there along with me a devil? He said: Yes. I said: Is devil attached to everyone? He said: Yes. I (Aisha) again said: Allah’s Messenger, is it with you also? He said: Yes, but my Lord has helped me against him and as such I am ab solutely safe from his mischief.

Chapter 15: NONE WOULD ATTAIN SALVATION BECAUSE OF HIS DEEDS BUT IT IS THROUGH LORD’S MERCY (THAT HE WOULD ATTIAN THAT)


Book 039, Number 6760:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None amongst you would attain salvation purely because of his deeds. A person said: Allah’s Messenger, even you also. Thereupon he said: Yes. Not even I, but that Allah wraps me in Mercy, but you should act with moderation. This badith has been transmitted on the authority of Bukair b. al-Ashajj with a slight variation of wording.


Book 039, Number 6761:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is none whose deeds alone would entitle him to get into Paradise. It was said to him: And, Allah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that my Lord wraps me in Mercy.


Book 039, Number 6762:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is none amongst you whose deeds alone would attain salvation for him. They (the Companions) said: Allah’s Messenger, not even you? He (the Holy Prophet) said: Not even I, but that Allah wraps me in Mercy and He grants me pardon. Ibn ‘Aun pointed towards his head with his hand saying: Not even I, but that Allah wraps me in His Forgiveness and Mercy.


Book 039, Number 6763:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: There is none whose deeds alone can’secure salvation for him. They said: Allah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that, the Mercy of Allah should take hold of me.


Book 039, Number 6764:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: None amongst you can get. into Paradise by virtue of his deeds alone. They said: Allah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that Allah should wrap me in His Grace and Mercy.


Book 039, Number 6765:

Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) as saying: Observe moderation in deeds (and if it is not possible, try to be near moderation) and understand that none amongst you can attain salvation because of his deeds alone. They said: Allah’s Messenger, not even you? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that Allah should wrap me in His Mercy and Grace.


Book 039, Number 6766:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Jabir through another chain of transmitters.


Book 039, Number 6767:

A hadith like this has been narrated on the authority of A’mash through two other chains of transmitters. The wording is, however, the same.


Book 039, Number 6768:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of Abu Huraira through another chain of transmitters with this addition:” Give them glad tidings”.


Book 039, Number 6769:

Jabir reported: I heard Allah’s Apoetle (may peace be upon him) as saying: None of you would get into Paradise because of his good deeds alone, and he would not be rescued from Fire, not even I, but because of the Mercy of Allah.


Book 039, Number 6770:

A’isha, the wife of Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him), reported that Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) used to say: Observe moderation (in doing deeds), and if yciu fail to observe it perfectly, try to do as much as you can do (to live up to this ideal of moderation) and be happy for none would be able to get into Paradise because of his deeds alone. They (the Companions of the Holy Prophet) said: Allah’s Messenger, not even thou? Thereupon he said: Not even I, but that Allah wraps me in His Mercy, and bear this in mind that the deed loved most by Allah is one which is done constantly even though it is insignificant.


Book 039, Number 6771:

This badith has been narrated on the authority of Musa b. ‘Uqba with the same chain of transmitters and he did not make a mention of:” Be happy”.

Chapter 16: THE DOING OF GOOD DEEDS VERY FREQUENTLY AND PUTTING ONE’S BEST EFFORTS IN DEVOTION TO ALLAH


Book 039, Number 6772:

Mughira b. Shu’ba reported that Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) worshipped so much that his feet were swollen. It was said to him: (Why do you undergo so much hardship despite the fact that) Allah has pardoned for you your earlier and later sins? Thereupon he said: May I not (prove myself) to be a grateful servant (of Allah)?


Book 039, Number 6773:

This hadith has been transmitted on the authority of Mughira b. Shu’ba and the words are: Allah’s Apostle (may peace be upon him) kept standing in prayer (for such long hours) that his feet were swollen. They (his Companions) said: Verily, Allah has pardoned for thee the earlier and the later of thine sins. Thereupon he said: Should I not prove myself to be a grateful servant (of Allah)?


Book 039, Number 6774:

A’isha reported that when Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) occupied himself in prayer, he observed such a (long) qiylm (posture of standing in prayer) that his feet were swollen. A’isha said: Allah’s Messenger you do this (in spite of the fact) that your earlier and later sins have been pardoned for you? Thereupon, he said. A’isha should I not prove myself to be a thanksgiving servant (of Allah)?

Chapter 17: MODERATION IN GIVING SERMON


Book 039, Number 6775:

Shaqiq reported: We were sitting at the door of Abdullah (b. Mas’ud) waiting for him (to come out and deliver a sermon to us). It was at this time that there happened to pass by us Yazid b. Mu’awiya an-Nakha’i. We said: Inform him (‘Abdullah b. Mas’ud) of our presence here. He went in and Abdullah b. Mas’ud lost no time in coming out to us and said: I was informed of your presence here but nothing hindered me to come out to you but the fact that I did not like to bore you (by stuffing your minds with sermons) as Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) did not deliver us sermon on certain days fearing that it might prove to be boring for us.


Book 039, Number 6776:

This hadith has been narrated on the authority of ‘Abdullah through other chains of transmitters.


Book 039, Number 6777:

Shaqiq b. Wi’il reported that ‘Abdullah used to give us sermon on every Thursday. A person said: Abu ‘Abd al-Rahman, we love your talk and so we yearn (to listen to you) and earnestly desire that you should deliver us lecture every day. Thereupon he said: There is nothing to hinder me in giving you talk (every day) but the fact that you may be bored. Allah’s Messenger (may peace be upon him) did not deliver sermons on certain days (fearing that we might be bored).


[ Index Page ]

The Sun & Moon Cast into the Hell-Fire : Shaykh Al-Albaani

Taken from Silsilah Ahadeeth As-Saheehah of Shaykh Al-Albaani
Translated by Abbas Abu Yahya

From AbdulAziz bin al-Mukhtar bin Abdullaah ad-Danaaj who said he witnessed Abu Salmah bin AbdurRahman sitting in a Masjid at the time of Khalid bin Usayd; He said al-Hasan came and sat with him, and Abu Salmah narrated to us that Abu Hurairah narrated from theProphet -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam- who said:

” الشمس والقمر ثوران مكوران في النار يوم القيامة “.

‘The sun and the moon will both spin and erupt in the Hell-Fire on the Day of Judgement.’

So al-Hasan asked: ‘What was the sin of the sun and the moon?!’

Abu Salmah said: ‘Rather what I do is narrate to you from theMessenger of Allaah -sallAllaahu alayhi wa sallam.’

So al-Hasan remained silent.’

Collected by Imam Tahawi in ‘Mushkill al-Athaar (1/66-67)

Also collected by al-Bayhaqi in the book ‘al-Ba’ath wa Nashoor’, also by Bazaar, al-Isma’aili and al-Khattabi all by way of Yunus bin Muhammad that AbdulAziz bin al-Mukhtar narrated to us with this narration.

I (Albaani) say: This Isnaad  is Saheeh  upon the conditions of Bukhari, and he narrated it in his book ‘as-Saheeh’ in a summarized form, and he said: Mussadad narrated to us that he said AbdulAziz bin al-Mukhtar narrated to us with the wording:

‘The sun and the moon will both spin in the Hell-Fire on the Day of Judgement.’

The Meaning of the Hadeeth

The intent of the Hadeeth is not what al-Hasan al-Basri presumed, that the sun and the moon will be in the Hell-Fire punished as a punishment for them, never, indeed Allaah –Azza wa Jal – does not punish he who obeys him from His creation, and from that creation is the Sun and the moon, as to what Allaah’s -Tabarak wa Ta’ala- saying indicates to:

أَلَمْ تَرَ أَنَّ اللَّهَ يَسْجُدُ لَهُ مَنْ فِي السَّمَاوَاتِ وَمَنْ فِي الْأَرْضِ وَالشَّمْسُ وَالْقَمَرُ وَالنُّجُومُ وَالْجِبَالُ وَالشَّجَرُ وَالدَّوَابُّ وَكَثِيرٌ مِنَ النَّاسِ وَكَثِيرٌ حَقَّ عَلَيْهِ الْعَذَابُ

<< See you not that to Allaah prostrates whoever is in the heavens and whoever is on the earth, and the sun, and the moon, and the stars, and the mountains, and the trees, and Ad-Dawaab (moving living creatures, beasts, etc.), and many of mankind? But there are many (men) on whom the punishment is justified. >>

Allaah -Ta’ala- mentions that His punishment is deserving for those who prostrate for other than Allaah -Ta’ala- in this Dunyaa. Like Tahawi mentions, therefore, when Allaah throws them into the Hell-Fire, then this can have two meanings:

The First: that they are the fuel for the Fire.

Al-Isma’aili said:

‘It does not necessitate that being placed in the Hell-Fire that they will be punished, since indeed Allaah has Angels and stones and other things in the Hell-Fire, so that they will be a punishment for the people of the Hell-Fire and a tool from the tools of punishment, and Allaah does what He wills of that punishment, but the Angels and stones will not be punished.’

The second is:

They will both be thrown into the Hell-Fire as remorse for those who worshipped them.

al-Khattabi said:

‘The intent of them being in the Hell-Fire is not that they will be punished there, but they will be a remorse for those who worshipped them in the Dunyaa, so that those people know that their worship of them was false.’

I say: this is the closest to the wording of the hadeeth and what supports this is that in the hadeeth of Anas collected by Abu Ya’ala as is mentioned in ‘al-Fath’ (6/214) it says:

 ‘so that those who used to worship them could see them.’

But I did not see it in his ‘Musnad’ and Allaah Ta’ala knows best.

[Taken from ‘Silsilah Ahadeeth as-Saheehah’ vol. 1 No. 124]

Belief in the Paradise and Hellfire – Abu Muhammad al-Maghribee [Mp3|En]

Audio Courtesy : http://followthesalaf.com
[Mp3|English]

Sharh Thalathat al-Usool (Explanation of the Three Fundamental Principles) – by Sheikh Muhammad ibn al-Uthaymeen, rahimahullah.

Listen / Download Mp3 Here  (Time 45:28)

Why are Women The Majority of The Hellfire – Shaykh ‘Adil as-Sayyid [Mp3|Ar-Eng]

Why are Women The Majority of The Hellfire
Shaykh ‘Adil as-Sayyid
[Mp3|Arabic-English]

Listen / Download Mp3 Audio : [97:43 min]

Why are Women The Majority of The Hellfire by Shaykh 'Adil as-Sayyid

For Masjid ul Khaleefah Sister’s Camp 2012, “The Journey of The Muslimah: Her Life, Her Death and Hereafter,” Muwahhideen Publications has organized a LIVE telelink lecture with the noble Shaykh ‘Adil as-Sayyid (May Allaah Preserve Him), from the mashayikh of Egypt. The Shaykh is very highly recommended by Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul-Wahhab al-Banna (May Allaah preserve him) and was referred by him as a mufassir (explainer of The Quraan using the science of tafseer).

Listen to Shaykh Hasan ibn Abdul-Wahhab al-Banna (May Allaah preserve him) on Shaykh ‘Adil as-Sayyid (May Allaah preserve him) here: http://youtu.be/5EwxTdJAQUE

The Messenger of Allaah (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “I looked at paradise and found poor people forming the majority of its inhabitants; and I looked at Hell and saw that the majority of its inhabitants were women.” (Bukhari). This is further explained in another hadeeth in saheeh al-Bukhariwhere he (sallAllaahu ‘alayhi wa sallam) said, “They are ungrateful to their companions (husbands) and ungrateful for good treatment. If you are kind to one of them for a lifetime then she sees one (undesirable) thing in you, she will say, ‘I have never had anything good from you.'” This hadeeth is very often misunderstood by the muslimeen with weak eeman and no firmly grounded fundamentals. Many times it is misquoted by the enemies of Islaam in their feeble attempts to attack and degrade the social and moral fiber of this beautiful, complete and perfect religion. It is also very unfortunate that even so-called muslim contemporary scholars, modernists and orientalists have wrongly interpreted and explained this narration, in such a way as to add fuel to the enemies of Islaam. Our Shaykh , the mufassir (explainer of the Quraan) will expound on this narration, bringing forth the correct explainations within the framework of theQuraan and Sunnah upon the understanding of the salaf us saalih (righteous predecessors). inshaaAllaah ta’alaa.

Organised by http://mpubs.org

No poverty after Paradise, and no Riches after the Fire – Sayings of the Salaf

It is reported that Jundub b. ‘Abdillâh Al-Bajalî – Allah be pleased with him – was once asked for advice and instruction. He said:

I advise you to fear Allâh and obey Him (taqwâ) and I advise you to adhere to the Quran, for it is a light in the datk night and a guidance during the day, so implement it no matter how much struggle and poverty you have to face. If a calamity befalls you, put your wealth forward to protect your religion, and if the calamity continues, put forward your wealth and your life to save your religion [but never risk your religion], for the ruined is he whose religion is ruined, and the looted is he whose religion is taken. And know that there is no poverty after Paradise, and no riches after the Fire.

Al-Dhahabî, Siyar A’lâm Al-Nubalâ` 3:174.

http://www.sayingsofthesalaf.net/index.php/no-poverty-after-paradise-and-no-wealth-in-the-fire/

Worst punishment for the sinners or the Innovators? – Shaykh Saalih-al-Fawzaan

Question 

Who will have a worse punishment (in the Hereafter): The sinners or the innovators?

Answer

The innovators will have a worse punishment, since innovations are worse than sins. Innovations are more beloved to the Devil than sins because (it is likely that) the sinner may repent –

Sufyaan Ath-Thawree, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

“Innovation is more beloved to Iblees (the Devil) than sins. This is because sins are repented from whereas innovations are not repented from.”

(Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa (11/472))

The Prophet said:

“Verily Allaah has prevented repentance from every person of innovation.”

(Silsilat-ul-Ahaadeeth as-Saheehah (1620))

– but as for the innovator, then very rarely does he repent because he thinks that he is upon the truth.

This is contrary to the sinner for he knows that he is disobeying Allaah and that he is committing a sinful deed. As for the innovator, he considers himself to be obeying Allaah and to be upon obedience. This is why innovation – and Allaah’s refuge is sought – is worse than sin. And this is why the Salaf warned the people from sitting and gathering with the innovators –

 Al-Hasan Al-Basree, may Allaah have mercy upon him, said:

“Do not sit with a person of innovation, for indeed he will put a disease in your heart.”

(Al-I’tisaam of Ash-Shaatibee (1/72) verified by Saleem Al-Hilaalee and Al-Bid’a wan-Nahee ‘anhaa of Ibn Waddaah (pg. 54))

Ash-Shaatibee (158) said:

“Indeed the saved sect – and they are Ahl-us-Sunnah – are commanded to disassociate themselves from the people of innovations, to expel them, and to punish severely anyone that follows in their direction, whether by killing them or less than that. And the scholars have warned us against accompanying and gathering with them.”

I (the compiler) say : may Allaah have mercy on the Salaf (predecessors). They did not leave behind any person of innovation except that they subdued him and warned against him.

– for they would influence those whom they sat with, and their danger is great. There is no doubt that innovation is worse than sin and that the danger of the innovator is worse to the people than the danger of the sinner. –

Concerning the danger of the people of innovation, Shaykh-ul-Islaam Ibn Taimiyyah, may Allaah have mercy on him, said:

“If it were not for those whom Allaah placed to repel the danger of them [meaning the innovators], the Religion would have been corrupted. Their corruption is worse than the corruption caused by the conquering of the enemies at times of war. For indeed, when they conquer, they do not corrupt hearts or the Religion found in them, except for a while. But as for these people [i.e. the innovators], then they corrupt the hearts from the very beginning.”

(Majmoo’-ul-Fataawaa: (28/232)

He (Ibn Taimiyyah) also said (20/103):

“The people of innovation are worse than the people of lustful sins, according to the Sunnah and the Ijmaa’ (consensus).”

– This is why the Salaf would say:

“Being moderate while upon the Sunnah is better than exerting oneself while upon Innovation.”

[This statement is reported from Ibn Mas’ood, may Allaah be pleased with him. Refer to Al-Laalikaa’ee (1/188, no. 114), Al-Ibaanah (1/320, no. 161) and As-Sunnah of Ibn Nasr (30).]

Reference:
Beneficial Answers to Questions on Innovated Methodologies – Shaykh Saalih-al-Fawzaan Pg. 31-32